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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238597/effects-of-nine-weeks-isokinetic-training-on-power-golf-kinematics-and-driver-performance-in-pre-elite-golfers
#1
James Parker, Charlie Lagerhem, John Hellström, M Charlotte Olsson
Background: It has previously been shown that isotonic strength training can improve driver performance among golfers, though few studies have investigated effects of strength training on swing kinematics together with driver performance. In this study we investigated whether isokinetic rotational training could improve driver performance and swing kinematic variables amongst elite golfers. Methods: Twenty competitive pre-elite golfers (handicap better than -3.0), 13 men and 7 women, were split into two groups, one group received the isokinetic power training (IK) alongside their normal isotonic pre-season strength-training and the other group continued with their normal isotonic pre-season strength-training regime (IT)...
2017: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089881/a-systematic-investigation-of-the-effect-of-action-observation-training-and-motor-imagery-training-on-the-development-of-mental-representation-structure-and-skill-performance
#2
Taeho Kim, Cornelia Frank, Thomas Schack
Action observation training and motor imagery training have independently been studied and considered as an effective training strategy for improving motor skill learning. However, comparative studies of the two training strategies are relatively few. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of action observation training and motor imagery training on the development of mental representation structure and golf putting performance as well as the relation between the changes in mental representation structure and skill performance during the early learning stage...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065053/physical-characteristics-of-youth-elite-golfers-and-their-relationship-with-driver-clubhead-speed
#3
Daniel Coughlan, Matthew Taylor, Joanna Jackson, Nicholas Ward, Chris Beardsley
Increased clubhead speed (CHS) has a strong relationship with golf performance and is related to athletic qualities in adult golfers. Research investigating the youth golfer is limited. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships between strength and power on CHS in youth golfers. A correlational design was used to assess relationships between CHS and anthropometric, strength and power measurements. 36 male and 33 female golfers aged 13-17 took part in this study. Male golfers showed significant relationships between CHS and handicap (HCP) (r=-0...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990865/effects-of-physical-randomness-training-on-virtual-and-laboratory-golf-putting-performance-in-novices
#4
T C Pataky, P F Lamb
External randomness exists in all sports but is perhaps most obvious in golf putting where robotic putters sink only 80% of 5 m putts due to unpredictable ball-green dynamics. The purpose of this study was to test whether physical randomness training can improve putting performance in novices. A virtual random-physics golf-putting game was developed based on controlled ball-roll data. Thirty-two subjects were assigned a unique randomness gain (RG) ranging from 0.1 to 2.0-times real-world randomness. Putter face kinematics were measured in 5 m laboratory putts before and after five days of virtual training...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748124/practice-makes-efficient-cortical-alpha-oscillations-are-associated-with-improved-golf-putting-performance
#5
Germano Gallicchio, Andrew Cooke, Christopher Ring
Practice of a motor skill results in improved performance and decreased movement awareness. The psychomotor efficiency hypothesis proposes that the development of motor expertise through practice is accompanied by physiological refinements whereby irrelevant processes are suppressed and relevant processes are enhanced. The present study employed a test-retest design to evaluate the presence of greater neurophysiological efficiency with practice and mediation analyses to identify the factors accounting for performance improvements, in a golf putting task...
February 2017: Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673743/-ice-axe-wrist-a-case-report-of-intersection-syndrome-in-2-climbers
#6
Anna L Tobin
Intersection syndrome is an inflammatory condition located at the crossing point between the first and second dorsal compartments in the wrist. It is an uncommon presentation but has been recognized as an injury typical of rowers (when it is named oarsman's wrist) and other sports such as racquet sports, baseball, cycling, hockey, golf, ice hockey, skiing, and softball. It has not been previously described in climbers. This report details 2 cases of intersection associated with the use of an ice axe. The first presentation was in a female climber who was using an ice axe for climbing in the Nepal Himalayas and the second was in a male climber using an ice axe for winter climbing training in the Alps...
June 30, 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195977/fat-grip-resistance-training-improves-driving-performance-in-division-i-male-golfers
#7
Patrick M Cummings, Hunter S Waldman, Ben M Krings, JohnEric W Smith, Matthew J McAllister
Fat Grip (FG) training is implemented into strength and conditioning programs with the overall goal of increasing grip strength. Previous research assessing the effect of training with increased grip diameters compared to standard Olympic bar diameters has mainly been in acute settings. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine to effects FG training compared to normal diameter grip (CON) training during an eight week periodized resistance training (RT) program in Division I male golfers. Subjects (n = 10) were randomly assigned into two groups: the FG group (n = 5, scoring average: 75...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118979/fatigue-injury-risk-in-anterior-cruciate-ligament-of-target-side-knee-during-golf-swing
#8
Tserenchimed Purevsuren, Moon Seok Kwon, Won Man Park, Kyungsoo Kim, Seung Ho Jang, Young-Tae Lim, Yoon Hyuk Kim
A golf-related ACL injury can be linked with excessive golf play or practice because such over-use by repetitive golf swing motions can increase damage accumulation to the ACL bundles. In this study, joint angular rotations, forces, and moments, as well as the forces and strains on the ACL of the target-side knee joint, were investigated for ten professional golfers using the multi-body lower extremity model. The fatigue life of the ACL was also predicted by assuming the estimated ACL force as a cyclic load...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040499/machine-learned-cluster-identification-in-high-dimensional-data
#9
Alfred Ultsch, Jörn Lötsch
BACKGROUND: High-dimensional biomedical data are frequently clustered to identify subgroup structures pointing at distinct disease subtypes. It is crucial that the used cluster algorithm works correctly. However, by imposing a predefined shape on the clusters, classical algorithms occasionally suggest a cluster structure in homogenously distributed data or assign data points to incorrect clusters. We analyzed whether this can be avoided by using emergent self-organizing feature maps (ESOM)...
February 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710146/high-prevalence-of-dehydration-and-inadequate-nutritional-knowledge-among-university-and-club-level-athletes
#10
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Pamela Jane Magee, Alison M Gallagher, Jacqueline M McCormack
Although dehydration of ≥ 2% body weight (BW) loss significantly impairs endurance performance, dehydration remains prevalent among athletes and may be owing to a lack of knowledge in relation to fluid requirements. The aim of this study was to assess the hydration status of university/club level athletes (n = 430) from a range of sports/activities (army officer cadet training; bootcamp training; cycling; Gaelic Athletic Association camogie, football and hurling; golf; hockey; netball; rugby; running (sprinting and endurance); Shotokan karate and soccer) immediately before and after training/competition and to assess their nutritional knowledge...
April 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689565/comparison-of-knee-characteristics-between-professional-and-amateur-golfers-during-the-downswing
#11
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Tae-Gyu Kim, Wi-Young So
Evaluating the biomechanical and performance factors of the knee joint during golf swing can provide objective and quantitative information about improving the performance and development of efficient physical training, as the legs are important for achieving an efficient swing and maximum speed of the club head in golf. In the present study, kinematic movements of the knee joint were identified during the downswing by using 3-dimensional motion analysis, and isokinetic strength was measured with driver and 5-iron clubs in 15 professional (PRO) golfers and 10 amateur (AMA) golfers...
2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686139/resolution-of-low-velocity-control-in-golf-putting-differentiates-professionals-from-amateurs
#12
Yumiko Hasegawa, Keisuke Fujii, Akito Miura, Yuji Yamamoto
It is difficult for humans to apply small amounts of force precisely during motor control. However, experts who have undergone extended training are thought to be able to control low-velocity movement with precision. We investigated the resolution of motor control in golf putting. A total of 10 professional and 10 high-level amateur golfers participated. Putting distances were 0.6-3.3 m, in increments of 0.3 m. We measured the impact velocity and the club-face angle at impact, and the acceleration profile of the downswing...
July 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583648/a-randomized-trial-of-traditional-and-golf-specific-resistance-training-in-amateur-female-golfers-benefits-beyond-golf-performance
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Eric J Hegedus, Kelly W Hardesty, Kyle L Sunderland, Ryan J Hegedus, James M Smoliga
OBJECTIVE: Compare golf-specific resistance training (GSRT) with traditional resistance training (TRAD) with regard to golf performance and other outcome measures. DESIGN: Randomized controlled study. SETTING: Outpatient gym. PARTICIPANTS: 45 female golfers were randomized into TRAD or GSRT, both of which targeted muscles active during the golf swing. Participants performed supervised training 3d(.)wk(-1) for 10 weeks...
November 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403454/comparison-of-muscle-onset-activation-sequences-between-a-golf-or-tennis-swing-and-common-training-exercises-using-surface-electromyography-a-pilot-study
#14
John M Vasudevan, Andrew Logan, Rebecca Shultz, Jeffrey J Koval, Eugene Y Roh, Michael Fredericson
Aim. The purpose of this pilot study is to use surface electromyography to determine an individual athlete's typical muscle onset activation sequence when performing a golf or tennis forward swing and to use the method to assess to what degree the sequence is reproduced with common conditioning exercises and a machine designed for this purpose. Methods. Data for 18 healthy male subjects were collected for 15 muscles of the trunk and lower extremities. Data were filtered and processed to determine the average onset of muscle activation for each motion...
2016: Journal of Sports Medicine (Hindawi Publishing Corporation)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27359426/senior-golfers-fitness-mood-and-enjoyment-measured-before-and-after-golf-specific-training-a-pilot-study-171-board-8-june-1-9-30-am-11-00-am
#15
Lynn A Darby, Bonnie G Berger, David R Owen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27159565/correction-of-a-technical-error-in-the-golf-swing-error-amplification-versus-direct-instruction
#16
Chiara Milanese, Stefano Corte, Luca Salvetti, Valentina Cavedon, Tiziano Agostini
Performance errors drive motor learning for many tasks. The authors' aim was to determine which of two strategies, method of amplification of error (MAE) or direct instruction (DI), would be more beneficial for error correction during a full golfing swing with a driver. Thirty-four golfers were randomly assigned to one of three training conditions (MAE, DI, and control). Participants were tested in a practice session in which each golfer performed 7 pretraining trials, 6 training-intervention trials, and 7 posttraining trials; and a retention test after 1 week...
July 2016: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26866770/sensorimotor-rhythm-neurofeedback-enhances-golf-putting-performance
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ming-Yang Cheng, Chung-Ju Huang, Yu-Kai Chang, Dirk Koester, Thomas Schack, Tsung-Min Hung
Sensorimotor rhythm (SMR) activity has been related to automaticity during skilled action execution. However, few studies have bridged the causal link between SMR activity and sports performance. This study investigated the effect of SMR neurofeedback training (SMR NFT) on golf putting performance. We hypothesized that preelite golfers would exhibit enhanced putting performance after SMR NFT. Sixteen preelite golfers were recruited and randomly assigned into either an SMR or a control group. Participants were asked to perform putting while electroencephalogram (EEG) was recorded, both before and after intervention...
December 2015: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26834871/kinetic-and-kinematic-differences-in-a-golf-swing-in-one-and-both-lower-limb-amputees
#18
Petr Stastny, Adam Maszczyk, Kristina Tománková, Petr Kubový, Michaela Richtrová, Jakub Otáhal, Rostislav Čichoň, Aleksandra Mostowik, Piotr Żmijewski, Paweł Cięszczyk
Amputee golfers need to cope with the absence of sole proprioception, a decreased range of swing motion and other factors which should be recognized for training purposes. The aim of this study was to determine the kinetic and kinematic differences in the golf swing in one leg and two legs amputees. The participants consisted of two males and one female at a professional or amateur level with a different degree of disability. Each participant was taped by 3D markers and performed five golf swings with the iron 6...
November 22, 2015: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26779089/perceptual-cognitive-changes-during-motor-learning-the-influence-of-mental-and-physical-practice-on-mental-representation-gaze-behavior-and-performance-of-a-complex-action
#19
Cornelia Frank, William M Land, Thomas Schack
Despite the wealth of research on differences between experts and novices with respect to their perceptual-cognitive background (e.g., mental representations, gaze behavior), little is known about the change of these perceptual-cognitive components over the course of motor learning. In the present study, changes in one's mental representation, quiet eye behavior, and outcome performance were examined over the course of skill acquisition as it related to physical and mental practice. Novices (N = 45) were assigned to one of three conditions: physical practice, combined physical plus mental practice, and no practice...
2015: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26517142/initial-steps-towards-an-evidence-based-classification-system-for-golfers-with-a-physical-impairment
#20
Inge K Stoter, Florentina J Hettinga, Viola Altmann, Wim Eisma, Hans Arendzen, Tony Bennett, Lucas H van der Woude, Rienk Dekker
PURPOSE: The present narrative review aims to make a first step towards an evidence-based classification system in handigolf following the International Paralympic Committee (IPC). It intends to create a conceptual framework of classification for handigolf and an agenda for future research. METHOD: Pubmed was searched on three themes: "Classification in Paralympic sports", "Performance determining factors in golf" and "Impact of impairments on golf performance"...
January 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
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