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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710146/high-prevalence-of-dehydration-and-inadequate-nutritional-knowledge-among-university-and-club-level-athletes
#1
Pamela J Magee, Alison M Gallagher, Jacqueline M McCormack
Although dehydration of ≥2% body weight (BW) loss significantly impairs endurance performance, dehydration remains prevalent among athletes and may be owing to a lack of knowledge in relation to fluid requirements. The aim of this study was to assess the hydration status of university/club level athletes (n=430) from a range of sports/activities (army officer cadet training; bootcamp training; cycling; Gaelic Athletic Association camogie, football and hurling; golf; hockey; netball; rugby; running (sprinting and endurance); Shotokan karate and soccer) immediately before and after training/competition and to assess their nutritional knowledge...
October 6, 2016: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689565/comparison-of-knee-characteristics-between-professional-and-amateur-golfers-during-the-downswing
#2
Tae-Gyu Kim, Wi-Young So
Evaluating the biomechanical and performance factors of the knee joint during golf swing can provide objective and quantitative information about improving the performance and development of efficient physical training, as the legs are important for achieving an efficient swing and maximum speed of the club head in golf. In the present study, kinematic movements of the knee joint were identified during the downswing by using 3-dimensional motion analysis, and isokinetic strength was measured with driver and 5-iron clubs in 15 professional (PRO) golfers and 10 amateur (AMA) golfers...
September 23, 2016: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686139/resolution-of-low-velocity-control-in-golf-putting-differentiates-professionals-from-amateurs
#3
Yumiko Hasegawa, Keisuke Fujii, Akito Miura, Yuji Yamamoto
It is difficult for humans to apply small amounts of force precisely during motor control. However, experts who have undergone extended training are thought to be able to control low-velocity movement with precision. We investigated the resolution of motor control in golf putting. A total of 10 professional and 10 high-level amateur golfers participated. Putting distances were 0.6-3.3 m, in increments of 0.3 m. We measured the impact velocity and the club-face angle at impact, and the acceleration profile of the downswing...
August 11, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583648/a-randomized-trial-of-traditional-and-golf-specific-resistance-training-in-amateur-female-golfers-benefits-beyond-golf-performance
#4
Eric J Hegedus, Kelly W Hardesty, Kyle L Sunderland, Ryan J Hegedus, James M Smoliga
OBJECTIVE: Compare golf-specific resistance training (GSRT) with traditional resistance training (TRAD) with regard to golf performance and other outcome measures. DESIGN: Randomized controlled study. SETTING: Outpatient gym. PARTICIPANTS: 45 female golfers were randomized into TRAD or GSRT, both of which targeted muscles active during the golf swing. Participants performed supervised training 3d(.)wk(-1) for 10 weeks...
May 4, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403454/comparison-of-muscle-onset-activation-sequences-between-a-golf-or-tennis-swing-and-common-training-exercises-using-surface-electromyography-a-pilot-study
#5
John M Vasudevan, Andrew Logan, Rebecca Shultz, Jeffrey J Koval, Eugene Y Roh, Michael Fredericson
Aim. The purpose of this pilot study is to use surface electromyography to determine an individual athlete's typical muscle onset activation sequence when performing a golf or tennis forward swing and to use the method to assess to what degree the sequence is reproduced with common conditioning exercises and a machine designed for this purpose. Methods. Data for 18 healthy male subjects were collected for 15 muscles of the trunk and lower extremities. Data were filtered and processed to determine the average onset of muscle activation for each motion...
2016: Journal of Sports Medicine (Hindawi Publishing Corporation)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27359426/senior-golfers-fitness-mood-and-enjoyment-measured-before-and-after-golf-specific-training-a-pilot-study-171-board-8-june-1-9-30-am-11-00-am
#6
Lynn A Darby, Bonnie G Berger, David R Owen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27159565/correction-of-a-technical-error-in-the-golf-swing-error-amplification-versus-direct-instruction
#7
Chiara Milanese, Stefano Corte, Luca Salvetti, Valentina Cavedon, Tiziano Agostini
Performance errors drive motor learning for many tasks. The authors' aim was to determine which of two strategies, method of amplification of error (MAE) or direct instruction (DI), would be more beneficial for error correction during a full golfing swing with a driver. Thirty-four golfers were randomly assigned to one of three training conditions (MAE, DI, and control). Participants were tested in a practice session in which each golfer performed 7 pretraining trials, 6 training-intervention trials, and 7 posttraining trials; and a retention test after 1 week...
July 2016: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26866770/sensorimotor-rhythm-neurofeedback-enhances-golf-putting-performance
#8
Ming-Yang Cheng, Chung-Ju Huang, Yu-Kai Chang, Dirk Koester, Thomas Schack, Tsung-Min Hung
Sensorimotor rhythm (SMR) activity has been related to automaticity during skilled action execution. However, few studies have bridged the causal link between SMR activity and sports performance. This study investigated the effect of SMR neurofeedback training (SMR NFT) on golf putting performance. We hypothesized that preelite golfers would exhibit enhanced putting performance after SMR NFT. Sixteen preelite golfers were recruited and randomly assigned into either an SMR or a control group. Participants were asked to perform putting while electroencephalogram (EEG) was recorded, both before and after intervention...
December 2015: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26834871/kinetic-and-kinematic-differences-in-a-golf-swing-in-one-and-both-lower-limb-amputees
#9
Petr Stastny, Adam Maszczyk, Kristina Tománková, Petr Kubový, Michaela Richtrová, Jakub Otáhal, Rostislav Čichoň, Aleksandra Mostowik, Piotr Żmijewski, Paweł Cięszczyk
Amputee golfers need to cope with the absence of sole proprioception, a decreased range of swing motion and other factors which should be recognized for training purposes. The aim of this study was to determine the kinetic and kinematic differences in the golf swing in one leg and two legs amputees. The participants consisted of two males and one female at a professional or amateur level with a different degree of disability. Each participant was taped by 3D markers and performed five golf swings with the iron 6...
November 22, 2015: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26779089/perceptual-cognitive-changes-during-motor-learning-the-influence-of-mental-and-physical-practice-on-mental-representation-gaze-behavior-and-performance-of-a-complex-action
#10
Cornelia Frank, William M Land, Thomas Schack
Despite the wealth of research on differences between experts and novices with respect to their perceptual-cognitive background (e.g., mental representations, gaze behavior), little is known about the change of these perceptual-cognitive components over the course of motor learning. In the present study, changes in one's mental representation, quiet eye behavior, and outcome performance were examined over the course of skill acquisition as it related to physical and mental practice. Novices (N = 45) were assigned to one of three conditions: physical practice, combined physical plus mental practice, and no practice...
2015: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26517142/initial-steps-towards-an-evidence-based-classification-system-for-golfers-with-a-physical-impairment
#11
Inge K Stoter, Florentina J Hettinga, Viola Altmann, Wim Eisma, Hans Arendzen, Tony Bennett, Lucas H van der Woude, Rienk Dekker
PURPOSE: The present narrative review aims to make a first step towards an evidence-based classification system in handigolf following the International Paralympic Committee (IPC). It intends to create a conceptual framework of classification for handigolf and an agenda for future research. METHOD: Pubmed was searched on three themes: "Classification in Paralympic sports", "Performance determining factors in golf" and "Impact of impairments on golf performance"...
October 30, 2015: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26381368/pain-coping-traits-of-nontraditional-women-athletes-relevance-to-optimal-treatment-and-rehabilitation
#12
Michael C Meyers, Robert Higgs, Arnold D LeUnes, Anthony E Bourgeois, C Matthew Laurent
CONTEXT: The primary goal of traditional treatment and rehabilitation programs is to safely return athletes to full functional capacity. Nontraditional activities such as rock climbing or rodeo are typically less training structured and coach structured; individualism, self-determination, and autonomy are more prevalent than observed in athletes in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA)-sponsored sports. The limited research available on nontraditional athletes has provided the athletic trainer little insight into the coping skills and adaptations to stressors that these athletes may bring into the clinical setting, especially among the growing number of women participating in these types of activities...
October 2015: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26264189/improved-determination-of-dynamic-balance-using-the-centre-of-mass-and-centre-of-pressure-inclination-variables-in-a-complete-golf-swing-cycle
#13
Ahnryul Choi, Taeyong Sim, Joung Hwan Mun
Golf requires proper dynamic balance to accurately control the club head through a harmonious coordination of each human segment and joint. In this study, we evaluated the ability for dynamic balance during a golf swing by using the centre of mass (COM)-centre of pressure (COP) inclination variables. Twelve professional, 13 amateur and 10 novice golfers participated in this study. Six infrared cameras, two force platforms and SB-Clinic software were used to measure the net COM and COP trajectories. In order to evaluate dynamic balance ability, the COM-COP inclination angle, COM-COP inclination angular velocity and normalised COM-COP inclination angular jerk were used...
2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26173900/validity-and-reliability-of-field-based-measures-for-assessing-movement-skill-competency-in-lifelong-physical-activities-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Ryan M Hulteen, Natalie J Lander, Philip J Morgan, Lisa M Barnett, Samuel J Robertson, David R Lubans
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that young people should develop competence in a variety of 'lifelong physical activities' to ensure that they can be active across the lifespan. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this systematic review is to report the methodological properties, validity, reliability, and test duration of field-based measures that assess movement skill competency in lifelong physical activities. A secondary aim was to clearly define those characteristics unique to lifelong physical activities...
October 2015: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25995553/effects-of-special-composite-stretching-on-the-swing-of-amateur-golf-players
#15
Joong-Chul Lee, Sung-Wan Lee, Yun-Ghi Yeo, Gi Duck Park
[Purpose] The study investigated stretching for safer a golf swing compared to present stretching methods for proper swings in order to examine the effects of stretching exercises on golf swings. [Subjects] The subjects were 20 amateur golf club members who were divided into two groups: an experimental group which performed stretching, and a control group which did not. The subjects had no bone deformity, muscle weakness, muscle soreness, or neurological problems. [Methods] A swing analyzer and a ROM measuring instrument were used as the measuring tools...
April 2015: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25972217/utilization-of-2013-brfss-physical-activity-data-for-state-cancer-control-plan-objectives-alabama-data
#16
Renee Desmond, Bradford E Jackson, Gary Hunter
OBJECTIVES: All comprehensive US cancer control plans mention physical activity and implement physical activity promotion objectives as part of these cancer plans. The purpose of this investigation was to describe the physical activities reported by Alabama adults in the 2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BFRSS) and to compare these activities by age group and relative exercise intensity. METHODS: This investigation used data on 6503 respondents from the 2013 BRFSS sample of respondents from Alabama with landline and cellular telephones...
May 2015: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25857398/cathodal-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-over-left-dorsolateral-prefrontal-cortex-area-promotes-implicit-motor-learning-in-a-golf-putting-task
#17
Frank F Zhu, Andrew Y Yeung, Jamie M Poolton, Tatia M C Lee, Gilberto K K Leung, Rich S W Masters
BACKGROUND: Implicit motor learning is characterized by low dependence on working memory and stable performance despite stress, fatigue, or multi-tasking. However, current paradigms for implicit motor learning are based on behavioral interventions that are often task-specific and limited when applied in practice. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether cathodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) over the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) area during motor learning suppressed working memory activity and reduced explicit verbal-analytical involvement in movement control, thereby promoting implicit motor learning...
July 2015: Brain Stimulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25673732/effects-of-robotically-modulating-kinematic-variability-on-motor-skill-learning-and-motivation
#18
Jaime E Duarte, David J Reinkensmeyer
It is unclear how the variability of kinematic errors experienced during motor training affects skill retention and motivation. We used force fields produced by a haptic robot to modulate the kinematic errors of 30 healthy adults during a period of practice in a virtual simulation of golf putting. On day 1, participants became relatively skilled at putting to a near and far target by first practicing without force fields. On day 2, they warmed up at the task without force fields, then practiced with force fields that either reduced or augmented their kinematic errors and were finally assessed without the force fields active...
April 1, 2015: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25671656/rapid-evaporative-ionization-mass-spectrometry-imaging-platform-for-direct-mapping-from-bulk-tissue-and-bacterial-growth-media
#19
Ottmar Golf, Nicole Strittmatter, Tamas Karancsi, Steven D Pringle, Abigail V M Speller, Anna Mroz, James M Kinross, Nima Abbassi-Ghadi, Emrys A Jones, Zoltan Takats
Rapid evaporative ionization mass spectrometry (REIMS) technology allows real time intraoperative tissue classification and the characterization and identification of microorganisms. In order to create spectral libraries for training the classification models, reference data need to be acquired in large quantities as classification accuracy generally improves as a function of number of training samples. In this study, we present an automated high-throughput method for collecting REIMS data from heterogeneous organic tissue...
March 3, 2015: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25567412/the-effects-of-golf-training-in-patients-with-stroke-a-pilot-study
#20
Tobias Schachten, Petra Jansen
BACKGROUND: Stroke is the most common neurological disease and the primary cause of lifelong disability in industrialized countries. Because of this it is important to investigate any kind of successful therapy. METHODS: From the 24 recruited stroke patients who were between 23 and 72 years old, 14 patients were separated either in a golf training group (EG), or a social communication meeting (CG). Both groups met for one hour sessions, twice a week, for ten weeks...
May 2015: International Psychogeriatrics
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