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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925645/taking-time-to-feel-our-body-steady-increases-in-heartbeat-perception-accuracy-and-decreases-in-alexithymia-over-9-months-of-contemplative-mental-training
#1
Boris Bornemann, Tania Singer
The ability to accurately perceive signals from the body has been shown to be important for physical and psychological health as well as understanding one's emotions. Despite the importance of this skill, often indexed by heartbeat perception accuracy (HBPa), little is known about its malleability. Here, we investigated whether contemplative mental practice can increase HBPa. In the context of a 9-month mental training study, the ReSource Project, two matched cohorts (n = 77 and n = 79) underwent three training modules of 3 months' duration that targeted attentional and interoceptive abilities (Presence module), socio-affective (Affect module), and socio-cognitive (Perspective module) abilities...
December 7, 2016: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925328/screening-for-preeclampsia-in-the-first-trimester-the-usefulness-of-maternal-hemodynamics-and-bioimpedence-in-non-obese-patients
#2
Giulia Gagliardi, Grazia Maria Tiralongo, Damiano Lo Presti, Ilaria Pisani, Daniele Farsetti, Barbara Vasapollo, Gian Paolo Novelli, Angela Andreoli, Herbert Valensise
OBJECTIVE: To test if maternal hemodynamics, and bioimpedance, together with the Combined Screening (maternal history, biophysical and biochemical markers), are able to identify normotensive non-obese patients at risk for preeclampsia (PE) and/or intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) in the first trimester of gestation. METHODS: 150 healthy nulliparous non-obese women (BMI<30Kg/m(2) ) were enrolled in the study in the first trimester of pregnancy and submitted to USCOM to detect hemodynamic parameters, bioimpedence to characterize body composition, and combined screening for preeclampsia (maternal history, biophysical and maternal biochemical markers)...
December 7, 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925166/new-guidelines-for-screening-diagnosing-and-treating-gestational-diabetes-evaluation-of-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-in-finland-from-2006-to-2012
#3
Anni Ellenberg, Nanna Sarvilinna, Mika Gissler, Veli-Matti Ulander
INTRODUCTION: In this study, we have assessed the changes in pregnancy outcomes following the implementation of national guidelines for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). These national guidelines changed the screening policy from risk-based to comprehensive screening. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We designed a retrospective register-based cohort study based on the data from the Finnish Medical Birth Register and Hospital Discharge Register including 34 794 singleton births in 2006-2008 and 36 488 in 2010-2012...
December 7, 2016: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925149/behavioural-interventions-to-promote-workers-use-of-respiratory-protective-equipment
#4
REVIEW
Bao Yen Luong Thanh, Malinee Laopaiboon, David Koh, Pornpun Sakunkoo, Hla Moe
BACKGROUND: Respiratory hazards are common in the workplace. Depending on the hazard and exposure, the health consequences may include: mild to life-threatening illnesses from infectious agents, acute effects ranging from respiratory irritation to chronic lung conditions, or even cancer from exposure to chemicals or toxins. Use of respiratory protective equipment (RPE) is an important preventive measure in many occupational settings. RPE only offers protection when worn properly, when removed safely and when it is either replaced or maintained regularly...
December 7, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925136/multidimensional-evaluation-of-endogenous-and-health-factors-affecting-food-preferences-taste-and-smell-perception
#5
D Guido, S Perna, M Carrai, R Barale, M Grassi, M Rondanelli
OBJECTIVE: This study, by taking a holistic approach, investigates the relationships between taste, smell sensitivity and food preference with prognostic (endogenous and health) factors including age, gender, genetic taste markers, body mass, cigarette smoking, and number of drugs used. DESIGN: Cross sectional study. SETTING: Northern Italy. PARTICIPANTS: 203 healthy subjects (160 women/43 men; mean age: 58.2±19.8 years) were examined...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924813/taotie-neurons-regulate-appetite-in-drosophila
#6
Yin Peng Zhan, Li Liu, Yan Zhu
The brain has an essential role in maintaining a balance between energy intake and expenditure of the body. Deciphering the processes underlying the decision-making for timely feeding of appropriate amounts may improve our understanding of physiological and psychological disorders related to feeding control. Here, we identify a group of appetite-enhancing neurons in a behavioural screen for flies with increased appetite. Manipulating the activity of these neurons, which we name Taotie neurons, induces bidirectional changes in feeding motivation...
December 7, 2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923728/a-clinical-prediction-model-to-assess-risk-for-pancreatic-cancer-among-patients-with-new-onset-diabetes
#7
Ben Boursi, Brian Finkelman, Bruce J Giantonio, Kevin Haynes, Anil K Rustgi, Andrew D Rhim, Ronac Mamtani, Yu-Xiao Yang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Approximately 50% of all patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) develop diabetes mellitus before their cancer diagnosis. Screening individuals with new-onset diabetes might therefore allow earlier diagnosis of PDA. We sought to develop and validate a PDA risk prediction model to identify high-risk individuals among those with new-onset diabetes. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study in a population representative database from the UK...
December 3, 2016: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923668/health-associations-with-meeting-new-24-h-movement-guidelines-for-canadian-children-and-youth
#8
Valerie Carson, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Ian Janssen, Mark S Tremblay
The study objective was to examine whether meeting the new Canadian 24-h movement guidelines was associated with health indicators in a representative sample of Canadian children and youth. Cross-sectional findings are based on 4157 (1239 fasting subsample) children and youth aged 6-17years from cycles 1-3 of the Canadian Health Measures Survey (CHMS). Sleep and screen time were subjectively measured while moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA) was accelerometer-determined. Health indicators in the full sample (body mass index (BMI) z scores, waist circumference, blood pressure, behavioral strengths and difficulties score (lower=better), and aerobic fitness) and fasting subsample (triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol, C-reactive protein, and insulin) were measured...
December 3, 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923387/mammographic-texture-and-risk-of-breast-cancer-by-tumor-type-and-estrogen-receptor-status
#9
Serghei Malkov, John A Shepherd, Christopher G Scott, Rulla M Tamimi, Lin Ma, Kimberly A Bertrand, Fergus Couch, Matthew R Jensen, Amir P Mahmoudzadeh, Bo Fan, Aaron Norman, Kathleen R Brandt, V Shane Pankratz, Celine M Vachon, Karla Kerlikowske
BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown that mammographic texture features are associated with breast cancer risk independent of the contribution of breast density. Thus, texture features may provide novel information for risk stratification. We examined the association of a set of established texture features with breast cancer risk by tumor type and estrogen receptor (ER) status, accounting for breast density. METHODS: This study combines five case-control studies including 1171 breast cancer cases and 1659 controls matched for age, date of mammogram, and study...
December 6, 2016: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923069/characterization-in-helicobacter-pylori-of-a-nickel-transporter-essential-for-colonization-that-was-acquired-during-evolution-by-gastric-helicobacter-species
#10
Frédéric Fischer, Marie Robbe-Saule, Evelyne Turlin, Francesco Mancuso, Valérie Michel, Pierre Richaud, Frédéric J Veyrier, Hilde De Reuse, Daniel Vinella
Metal acquisition is crucial for all cells and for the virulence of many bacterial pathogens. In particular, nickel is a virulence determinant for the human gastric pathogen Helicobacter pylori as it is the cofactor of two enzymes essential for in vivo colonization, urease and a [NiFe] hydrogenase. To import nickel despite its scarcity in the human body, H. pylori requires efficient uptake mechanisms that are only partially defined. Indeed, alternative ways of nickel entry were predicted to exist in addition to the well-described NixA permease...
December 2016: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921091/the-relationship-between-serum-vitamin-d-level-and-premenstrual-syndrome-in-iranian-women
#11
Samira Rajaei, Azadeh Akbari Sene, Sara Norouzi, Yasrin Berangi, Sahereh Arabian, Parvaneh Lak, Ali Dabbagh
BACKGROUND: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is among the most unfavorable problems in women in reproductive age; however its pathophysiology is still not fully confirmed. Vitamin D as an immunomodulator could prevent inflammatory state before and during menstruation. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate whether there is any relationship between serum vitamin D levels and PMS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 82 women participate in this case-control study which was conducted in Shahid Akbar-abadi hospital from November 2013 to March 2015...
October 2016: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921025/prostate-specific-antigen-rising-in-iranian-men-in-correlation-with-body-mass-index-fasting-blood-sugar-and-blood-lipid-profile
#12
Davood Arab, Arash Ardestani Zadeh, Majid Mirmohammadkhani, Azadeh Beiglarzadeh
BACKGROUND: Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a serine protease that is secreted by prostate cells and it is useful as a tumor marker for prostate cancer. OBJECTIVES: In this study, the relationship between some of metabolic factors and serum PSA level was investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, patients with urinary symptoms or for screening of the prostate cancer (after 50 years of age or 40 years with a family history of prostate cancer), were evaluated...
October 2016: Journal of Nephropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920940/3d-printing-in-neurosurgery-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Michael Randazzo, Jared M Pisapia, Nickpreet Singh, Jayesh P Thawani
BACKGROUND: The recent expansion of three-dimensional (3D) printing technology into the field of neurosurgery has prompted a widespread investigation of its utility. In this article, we review the current body of literature describing rapid prototyping techniques with applications to the practice of neurosurgery. METHODS: An extensive and systematic search of the Compendex, Scopus, and PubMed medical databases was conducted using keywords relating to 3D printing and neurosurgery...
2016: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920811/the-use-of-routine-non-density-calibrated-clinical-computed-tomography-data-as-a-potentially-useful-screening-tool-for-identifying-patients-with-osteoporosis
#14
Christopher John Burke, Manjiri M Didolkar, Huiman X Barnhart, Emily N Vinson
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether lumbar vertebral body density CT attenuation values measured in Hounsfield Units (HUs) on routine Computed Tomography (CT) examinations can be reliably measured with limited variability, and to evaluate for a correlation between HUs and bone mineral density as measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scan. METHODS: Retrospective review of a total of 249 routine MDCT examinations, performed to measure HUs at the first non-rib bearing lumbar vertebral body on axial images, cross-referenced to the lateral scout image...
May 2016: Clinical Cases in Mineral and Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920514/usefulness-of-the-6-minute-walk-test-as-a-screening-test-for-pulmonary-arterial-enlargement-in-copd
#15
Yutaro Oki, Masahiro Kaneko, Yukari Fujimoto, Hideki Sakai, Shogo Misu, Yuji Mitani, Takumi Yamaguchi, Hisafumi Yasuda, Akira Ishikawa
PURPOSE: Pulmonary hypertension and exercise-induced oxygen desaturation (EID) influence acute exacerbation of COPD. Computed tomography (CT)-detected pulmonary artery (PA) enlargement is independently associated with acute COPD exacerbations. Associations between PA to aorta (PA:A) ratio and EID in patients with COPD have not been reported. We hypothesized that the PA:A ratio correlated with EID and that results of the 6-minute walk test (6MWT) would be useful for predicting the risk associated with PA:A >1...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920085/quality-of-prescribing-of-antipsychotic-medication-for-people-with-intellectual-disability-under-the-care-of-uk-mental-health-services-a-cross-sectional-audit-of-clinical-practice
#16
Carol Paton, Sumera Bhatti, Kiran Purandare, Ashok Roy, Tre Barnes
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and quality of antipsychotic prescribing for people with intellectual disability (ID). DESIGN: A clinical audit of prescribing practice in the context of a quality improvement programme. Practice standards for audit were derived from relevant, evidence-based guidelines, including NICE. Data were mainly collected from the clinical records, but to determine the clinical rationale for using antipsychotic medication in individual cases, prescribers could also be directly questioned...
December 5, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920072/clinic-blood-pressure-underestimates-ambulatory-blood-pressure-in-an-untreated-employer-based-us-population-results-from-the-masked-hypertension-study
#17
Joseph E Schwartz, Matthew M Burg, Daichi Shimbo, Joan E Broderick, Arthur A Stone, Joji Ishikawa, Richard Sloan, Tyla Yurgel, Steven Grossman, Thomas G Pickering
BACKGROUND: Ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) is consistently superior to clinic blood pressure (CBP) as a predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality risk. A common perception is that ABP is usually lower than CBP. The relationship of the CBP minus ABP difference to age has not been examined in the United States. METHODS: Between 2005 and 2012, 888 healthy, employed, middle-aged (mean±SD age, 45±10.4 years) individuals (59% female, 7.4% black, 12% Hispanic) with screening BP <160/105 mm Hg and not taking antihypertensive medication completed 3 separate clinic BP assessments and a 24-hour ABP recording for the Masked Hypertension Study...
December 6, 2016: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919964/implementing-the-risk-of-ovarian-malignancy-algorithm-adding-obesity-as-a-predictive-factor
#18
Emanuela Anastasi, Danila Capoccia, Teresa Granato, Gianfranco Silecchia, Mario Rizzello, Maria Grazia Porpora, Luigi Frati, Antonio Angeloni, Frida Leonetti
AIM: To evaluate whether obesity represents a risk factor for the onset of ovarian cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred and sixty-three patients with a body mass index (BMI) >30 kg/m(2) (group 1) and 130 women with a BMI of <25 kg/m(2) (group 2) were included in the study. RESULTS: A Risk of Ovarian Malignancy Algorithm (ROMA) index above the cut-off (>13%) was found in 24.5% of group 1 patients, whereas a high ROMA score was identified in 5...
December 2016: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919588/diagnostic-accuracy-of-the-berlin-questionnaire-stop-bang-stop-and-epworth-sleepiness-scale-in-detecting-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-bivariate-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Hsiao-Yean Chiu, Pin-Yuan Chen, Li-Pang Chuang, Ning-Hung Chen, Yu-Kang Tu, Yu-Jung Hsieh, Yu-Chi Wang, Christian Guilleminault
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a highly prevalent sleep disorder; however, it remains underdiagnosed and undertreated. Although screening tools such as the Berlin questionnaire (BQ), STOP-BANG questionnaire (SBQ), STOP questionnaire (STOP), and Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS) are widely used for OSA, the findings regarding their diagnostic accuracy are controversial. Therefore, this meta-analysis investigated and compared the summary sensitivity, specificity, and diagnostic odds ratio (DOR) among the BQ, SBQ, STOP, and ESS according to the severity of OSA...
November 5, 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919317/drosophila-neprilysins-control-insulin-signaling-and-food-intake-via-cleavage-of-regulatory-peptides
#20
Benjamin Hallier, Ronja Schiemann, Eva Cordes, Jessica Vitos-Faleato, Stefan Walter, Jürgen J Heinisch, Anders Malmendal, Achim Paululat, Heiko Meyer
Insulin and IGF signaling are critical to numerous developmental and physiological processes, with perturbations being pathognomonic of various diseases, including diabetes. Although the functional roles of the respective signaling pathways have been extensively studied, the control of insulin production and release is only partially understood. Herein, we show that in Drosophila expression of insulin-like peptides is regulated by neprilysin activity. Concomitant phenotypes of altered neprilysin expression included impaired food intake, reduced body size, and characteristic changes in the metabolite composition...
December 6, 2016: ELife
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