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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231336/comparison-of-neurological-health-outcomes-between-two-adolescent-cohorts-exposed-to-pesticides-in-egypt
#1
Ahmed A Ismail, Matthew R Bonner, Olfat Hendy, Gaafar Abdel Rasoul, Kai Wang, James R Olson, Diane S Rohlman
Pesticide-exposed adolescents may have a higher risk of neurotoxic effects because of their developing brains and bodies. However, only a limited number of studies have addressed this risk among adolescents. The aim of this study was to compare neurological outcomes from two cohorts of Egyptian adolescents working as pesticide applicators. In 2005 and 2009, two cohorts of male adolescents working as pesticide applicators for the cotton crop were recruited from Menoufia Governorate, Egypt. The same application schedule and pesticides were used at both times, including both organophosphorus, and pyrethroid compounds...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230215/graphene-modulated-photo-absorption-in-adsorbed-azobenzene-monolayers
#2
Qiang Fu, Caterina Cocchi, Dmitrii Nabok, Andris Gulans, Claudia Draxl
The impact of graphene on the photo-absorption properties of trans- and cis-azobenzene monolayers is studied in the framework of density-functional theory and many-body perturbation theory. We find that, despite the weak hybridization between the electronic bands of graphene and those of the azobenzene monolayers, graphene remarkably modulates the absorption spectra of the adsorbates. The excitation energies are affected via two counteracting mechanisms: substrate polarization reduces the band-gap of azobenzene, and enhanced dielectric screening weakens the attractive interaction between electrons and holes...
February 22, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229980/acupuncture-improves-intestinal-absorption-of-iron-in-iron-deficient-obese-patients-a-randomized-controlled-preliminary-trial
#3
Xin-Cai Xie, Yan-Qiang Cao, Qian Gao, Chen Wang, Man Li, Shou-Gang Wei
BACKGROUND: Obesity has an adverse effect on iron status. Hepcidin-mediated inhibition of iron absorption in the duodenum is a potential mechanism. Iron-deficient obese patients have diminished response to oral iron therapy. This study was designed to assess whether acupuncture could promote the efficacy of oral iron supplementation for the treatment of obesity-related iron deficiency (ID). METHODS: Sixty ID or ID anemia (IDA) patients with obesity were screened at Beijing Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine and were randomly allocated to receive either oral iron replacement allied with acupuncture weight loss treatment (acupuncture group, n = 30) or oral iron combined with sham-acupuncture treatment (control group, n = 30)...
2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229267/prevalence-of-incorrect-body-posture-in-children-and-adolescents-with-overweight-and-obesity
#4
Katarzyna Maciałczyk-Paprocka, Barbara Stawińska-Witoszyńska, Tomasz Kotwicki, Anna Sowińska, Alicja Krzyżaniak, Jarosław Walkowiak, Małgorzata Krzywińska-Wiewiorowska
: The ever increasing epidemics of overweight and obesity in school children may be one of the reasons of the growing numbers of children with incorrect body posture. The purpose of the study was the assessment of the prevalence of incorrect body posture in children and adolescents with overweight and obesity in Poznań, Poland. The population subject to study consisted of 2732 boys and girls aged 3-18 with obesity, overweight, and standard body mass. The assessment of body mass was performed based on BMI, adopting Cole's cutoff values...
February 22, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229219/prevalence-and-clinical-impact-of-iron-deficiency-and-anaemia-among-outpatients-with-chronic-heart-failure-the-prep-registry
#5
Stephan von Haehling, Uwe Gremmler, Michael Krumm, Frank Mibach, Norbert Schön, Jens Taggeselle, Johannes B Dahm, Christiane E Angermann
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency (ID) and anaemia are common in heart failure (HF). The prospective, observational PReP registry (Prävalenz des Eisenmangels bei Patienten mit Herzinsuffizienz) studied prevalence and clinical impact of ID and anaemia in HF outpatients attending cardiology practices in Germany. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 42 practices enrolled consecutive patients with chronic HF [left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤45%]. ID was defined as serum ferritin <100 µg/l, or serum ferritin ≥100 µg/l/<300 µg/l plus transferrin saturation <20%, and anaemia as haemoglobin <13 g/dl (12 g/dl) in men (women)...
February 22, 2017: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229069/an-analysis-of-real-self-perceived-and-desired-bmi-is-there-a-need-for-regular-screening-to-correct-misperceptions-and-motivate-weight-reduction
#6
Jonathan F Easton, Christopher R Stephens, Heriberto Román Sicilia
We study the relationship among real, self-perceived, and desired body mass index (BMI) in 21,288 adults from the Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey 2012, analyzing the effect of sex and diagnosis of obesity/overweight by a healthcare professional. Self-perceived and desired BMI are analyzed via a figure rating scale question and compared to real BMI. Only 8.8 and 6.1% of the diagnosed and non-diagnosed obese, respectively, correctly identify themselves as such. For the obese, 20.2% of non-diagnosed and 12...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228661/feasibility-of-an-exercise-intervention-for-fatigued-breast-cancer-patients-at-a-community-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-program
#7
Stefanie De Jesus, Lyndsay Fitzgeorge, Karen Unsworth, David Massel, Neville Suskin, Harry Prapavessis, Michael Sanatani
PURPOSE: Exercise is beneficial to quality of life after cancer treatment, yet few cancer survivors meet exercise guidelines. Our study sought to determine the feasibility of an oncology rehabilitation exercise program embedded within a cardiac rehabilitation program. METHODS: Patients who rated their fatigue >4/10 after completion of adjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer were screened for eligibility and the outcomes were assessed (Piper Fatigue Scale, Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Breast [FACT-B], Edmonton Symptom Assessment System, body composition, stress test, and physical activity measurement [accelerometer])...
2017: Cancer Management and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228371/dance-for-adults-with-fibromyalgia-what-do-we-know-about-it-protocol-for-a-scoping-review
#8
Julia Bidonde, Catherine Boden, Angela J Busch, Suelen M Goes, Soo Kim, Emily Knight
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia is a chronic disorder characterized by widespread muscular tenderness, pain, fatigue, and cognitive difficulties. Nonpharmacological treatment options, such as physical activity, are important for people with fibromyalgia. There are strong recommendations to support engagement in physical activity for symptom management among adults with fibromyalgia. Dance is a mode of physical activity that may allow individuals with fibromyalgia to improve their physical function, health, and well-being...
February 22, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227815/lab-on-chips-for-manipulation-of-small-scale-organisms-to-facilitate-imaging-of-neurons-and-organs
#9
Ramtin Ardeshiri, Pouya Rezai, Ramtin Ardeshiri, Pouya Rezai, Ramtin Ardeshiri, Pouya Rezai
Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans) and Drosophila melanogaster (D. melanogaster) are widely-used model organisms for neurological and cardiac studies due to their simple neuronal (302 neurons in C. elegans) and cardiac (simple tubular organ in D. melanogaster) systems. However, their small sizes and continuous mobility impede their precise and timely manipulation, hence, limiting the assays that can be done using conventional manual methods. This has resulted in a need for technologies that allow multidirectional manipulation of model organisms to enable studies on target neurons and organs throughout the body...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227704/comparing-glucose-and-insulin-data-from-the-two-hour-oral-glucose-tolerance-test-in-metabolic-syndrome-subjects-and-marathon-runners
#10
Miguel Altuve, Gilberto Perpinan, Erika Severeyn, Sara Wong, Miguel Altuve, Gilberto Perpinan, Erika Severeyn, Sara Wong, Sara Wong, Gilberto Perpinan, Erika Severeyn
Glucose is the main energy source of the body's cells and is essential for normal metabolism. Two pancreatic hormones, insulin and glucagon, are involved in glucose home-ostasis. Alteration in the plasma glucose and insulin concentrations could lead to distinct symptoms and diseases, ranging from mental function impairment to coma and even death. Type 2 diabetes, insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome are typical examples of abnormal glucose metabolism that increase the risk for cardiovascular disease and mortality...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227485/augmented-reality-for-breast-tumors-visualization
#11
Mohammad Ali Ghaderi, Mehrdad Heydarzadeh, Mehrdad Nourani, Gopal Gupta, Lakshman Tamil, Mohammad Ali Ghaderi, Mehrdad Heydarzadeh, Mehrdad Nourani, Gopal Gupta, Lakshman Tamil, Gopal Gupta, Mehrdad Heydarzadeh, Lakshman Tamil, Mehrdad Nourani
3D visualization of breast tumors are shown to be effective by previous studies. In this paper, we introduce a new augmented reality application that can help doctors and surgeons to have a more accurate visualization of breast tumors; this system uses a marker-based image-processing technique to render a 3D model of the tumors on the body. The model can be created using a combination of breast 3D mammography by experts. We have tested the system using an Android smartphone and a head-mounted device. This proof of concept can be useful for oncologists to have a more effective screening, and surgeons to plan the surgery...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226901/investigations-on-different-epoxies-for-electrical-insulation-of-microflex-structures
#12
P Cvancara, S Lauser, L Rudmann, T Stieglitz, P Cvancara, S Lauser, L Rudmann, T Stieglitz, P Cvancara, S Lauser, T Stieglitz, L Rudmann
The microflex interconnection (MFI) technique is often used to connect electrically and mechanically thin film ribbons or electrodes with a solid substrate like screen printed ceramics. For stabilization reasons epoxy is used to fix the MFI structure. As epoxy tends to form cracks when surrounded by water or electrolytes we are eager to find an epoxy which provides sufficient insulation between the single channels of the MFI structure also in a moist surrounding. Therefore we designed a device to investigate the insulating properties of different epoxies (Uhu Plus Endfest 300, Epo-Tek 353ND and 353ND-T) immersed in saline solution...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226423/simple-emg-driven-musculoskeletal-model-enables-consistent-control-performance-during-path-tracing-tasks
#13
Dustin Crouch, He Huang, Dustin Crouch, He Huang, Dustin Crouch, He Huang
Consistent, robust performance is critical for the utility and user-acceptance of neurally-controlled powered upper limb prostheses. We preliminarily evaluated the performance consistency of an electromyography (EMG)-driven controller based on a two degree-of-freedom musculoskeletal hand model, whose simplified structure is more practical for real-time prosthesis control than existing, complex models. Parameters of four virtual muscles were computed by numerical optimization from an able-bodied subject's kinematic and EMG data collected during wrist and metacarpophalangeal (MCP) flexion/extension movements...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226332/responsible-safe-and-effective-prescription-of-opioids-for-chronic-non-cancer-pain-american-society-of-interventional-pain-physicians-asipp-guidelines
#14
Laxmaiah Manchikanti, Adam M Kaye, Nebojsa Nick Knezevic, Heath McAnally, Konstantin Slavin, Andrea M Trescot, Susan Blank, Vidyasagar Pampati, Salahadin Abdi, Jay S Grider, Alan D Kaye, Kavita N Manchikanti, Harold Cordner, Christopher G Gharibo, Michael E Harned, Sheri L Albers, Sairam Atluri, Steve M Aydin, Sanjay Bakshi, Robert L Barkin, Ramsin M Benyamin, Mark V Boswell, Ricardo M Buenaventura, Aaron K Calodney, David L Cedeno, Sukdeb Datta, Timothy R Deer, Bert Fellows, Vincent Galan, Vahid Grami, Hans Hansen, Standiford Helm Ii, Rafael Justiz, Dhanalakshmi Koyyalagunta, Yogesh Malla, Annu Navani, Kent H Nouri, Ramarao Pasupuleti, Nalini Sehgal, Sanford M Silverman, Thomas T Simopoulos, Vijay Singh, Daneshvari R Solanki, Peter S Staats, Ricardo Vallejo, Bradley W Wargo, Arthur Watanabe, Joshua A Hirsch
BACKGROUND: Opioid use, abuse, and adverse consequences, including death, have escalated at an alarming rate since the 1990s. In an attempt to control opioid abuse, numerous regulations and guidelines for responsible opioid prescribing have been developed by various organizations. However, the US opioid epidemic is continuing and drug dose deaths tripled during 1999 to 2015. Recent data show a continuing increase in deaths due to natural and semisynthetic opioids, a decline in methadone deaths, and an explosive increase in the rates of deaths involving other opioids, specifically heroin and illicit synthetic fentanyl...
February 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224294/cardio-metabolic-risk-factors-in-youth-with-classical-21-hydroxylase-deficiency
#15
Kansuda Ariyawatkul, Supatporn Tepmongkol, Suphab Aroonparkmongkol, Taninee Sahakitrungruang
: Patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) appear to have adverse cardiovascular risk profile and other long-term health problems in adult life, but there are limited data in young CAH patients. We aim to evaluate the cardio-metabolic risk factors in adolescents and young adults with classical 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21-OHD). We performed a cross-sectional study of 21 patients (17 females) with classic CAH detected clinically and not through newborn screening, aged 15.2 ± 5...
February 21, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224291/physical-risk-factors-for-developing-non-specific-neck-pain-in-office-workers-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Deokhoon Jun, Michaleff Zoe, Venerina Johnston, Shaun O'Leary
INTRODUCTION: Identifying risk factors associated with the development of work-related neck pain in office workers is necessary to facilitate the development of prevention strategies that aim to minimise this prevalent and costly health problem. The aim of this systematic review is to identify individual worker (e.g., lifestyle activity, muscular strength, and posture) and workplace (e.g., ergonomics and work environment) physical factors associated with the development of non-specific neck pain in office workers...
February 21, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223870/bioactivity-and-chemical-characterization-of-acalypha-fruticosa-forssk-growing-in-saudi-arabia
#17
Ghada Ahmed Fawzy, Areej Mohammad Al-Taweel, Shagufta Perveen, Shabana Iqrar Khan, Fatma Abdulaziz Al-Omary
Acalypha is an important genus of the Euphorbiaceae family. The genus is represented by five species in Saudi Arabia. Acalypha fruticosa Forssk. Fl. Aeg is traditionally used as a cure for stomachache, dyspepsia, rheumatism, dermatitis, and swellings of the body. The present study endeavors to provide a phytochemical and biological evaluation of the plant, with the aim of relating activity to constituting secondary metabolites in the plant. Column chromatographic separation of the methanol extract led to the isolation of four compounds namely 2-methyl-5,7-dihydroxychromone 5-O-β-d-glucopyranoside 1, acalyphin 2, apigenin 3 and kaempferol 3-O-rutinoside 4...
January 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223785/the-cut-off-values-of-anthropometric-variables-for-predicting-mild-cognitive-impairment-in-malaysian-older-adults-a-large-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#18
Huiloo Won, Manaf Zahara Abdul, Arimi Fitri Mat Ludin, Mohd Azahadi Omar, Rosdinom Razali, Suzana Shahar
PURPOSE: Older adults are at risk of mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and simple anthropometric measurements can be used to screen for this condition. Thus, the aim of this study was to explore the cut-off values of body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) for predicting the risk of MCI in older Malaysian adults. METHODS: A total of 2,240 Malaysian older adults aged ≥60 years were recruited using multistage random sampling in a population based cross-sectional study...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223085/self-perception-of-weight-status-and-its-association-with-weight-related-knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviors-among-chinese%C3%A2-children-in-guangzhou
#19
Li Cai, Ting Zhang, Jun Ma, Lu Ma, Jin Jing, Yajun Chen
BACKGROUND: How weight perception influences weight-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors in Chinese children is unknown. We investigated self-perception of body weight and its correlates, and analyzed the relationship between weight perception and weight-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors in children in Guangzhou, China. METHODS: We assessed self-reported weight perception, weight-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors in 3752 children aged 7-12 years...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220964/effects-of-mind-body-interventions-on-depressive-symptoms-among-older-chinese-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Ai Bo, Weiyu Mao, Michael A Lindsey
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of mind-body interventions in depressive symptoms treatment among older Chinese adults (>60 years of age). METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, PsycINFO (Ovid), Embase (Ovid), CINAHL, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Data, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, and Chongqing VIP for eligible studies until September 2016. We reviewed randomized controlled trials investigating the efficacy of mind-body interventions for depressive symptoms among Chinese older adults...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
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