keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

body screening

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349905/would-you-like-to-add-a-weight-after-this-blood-pressure-doctor-discovery-of-potentially-actionable-associations-between-the-provision-of-multiple-screens-in-primary-care
#1
Sumeet Kalia, Michelle Greiver, Xu Zhao, Christopher Meaney, Rahim Moineddin, Babak Aliarzadeh, Eva Grunfeld, Frank Sullivan
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVE: Guidelines recommend screening for risk factors associated with chronic diseases but current electronic prompts have limited effects. Our objective was to discover and rank associations between the presence of screens to plan more efficient prompts in primary care. METHODS: Risk factors with the greatest impact on chronic diseases are associated with blood pressure, body mass index, waist circumference, glycaemic and lipid levels, smoking, alcohol use, diet, and exercise...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349902/association-between-pre-sarcopenia-sarcopenia-and-bone-mineral-density-in-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-c
#2
Tatiana Bering, Kiara G D Diniz, Marta Paula P Coelho, Diego A Vieira, Maria Marta S Soares, Adriana M Kakehasi, Maria Isabel T D Correia, Rosângela Teixeira, Dulciene M M Queiroz, Gifone A Rocha, Luciana D Silva
BACKGROUND: Preserved skeletal muscle is essential for the maintenance of healthy bone. Loss of bone mineral density (BMD) and muscle strength, considered a predictor of BMD, have been demonstrated in patients with cirrhosis, but they are poorly studied in chronic hepatitis C (CHC) without cirrhosis. Thus, we aimed to evaluate the prevalence of low BMD and its association with body composition, muscle strength, and nutritional status in CHC. METHODS: One hundred and four subjects [mean age, 50...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349893/is-overweight-obesity-a-risk-factor-for-periodontitis-in-young-adults-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
S Khan, G Barrington, S Bettiol, T Barnett, L Crocombe
BACKGROUND: Obesity in young adults and adolescents is associated with chronic co-morbidities. This project investigated whether being overweight or obese is a risk factor for periodontitis in adolescents (13-17 years) and young adults (18-34 years). METHODS: A search of 12 databases was conducted using Medical Subject Headings/Index and Emtree terms. Based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses, articles published between 2003 and 2016 were screened that reported periodontal and anthropometric measures...
January 19, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349282/does-non-standard-work-mean-non-standard-health-exploring-links-between-non-standard-work-schedules-health-behavior-and-well-being
#4
Megan R Winkler, Susan Mason, Melissa N Laska, Mary J Christoph, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
The last century has seen dramatic shifts in population work circumstances, leading to an increasing normalization of non-standard work schedules (NSWSs), defined as non-daytime, irregular hours. An ever-growing body of evidence links NSWSs to a host of non-communicable chronic conditions; yet, these associations primarily concentrate on the physiologic mechanisms created by circadian disruption and insufficient sleep. While important, not all NSWSs create such chronobiologic disruption, and other aspects of working time and synchronization could be important to the relationships between work schedules and chronic disease...
April 2018: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348203/infectious-virus-in-exhaled-breath-of-symptomatic-seasonal-influenza-cases-from-a-college-community
#5
Jing Yan, Michael Grantham, Jovan Pantelic, P Jacob Bueno de Mesquita, Barbara Albert, Fengjie Liu, Sheryl Ehrman, Donald K Milton
Little is known about the amount and infectiousness of influenza virus shed into exhaled breath. This contributes to uncertainty about the importance of airborne influenza transmission. We screened 355 symptomatic volunteers with acute respiratory illness and report 142 cases with confirmed influenza infection who provided 218 paired nasopharyngeal (NP) and 30-minute breath samples (coarse >5-µm and fine ≤5-µm fractions) on days 1-3 after symptom onset. We assessed viral RNA copy number for all samples and cultured NP swabs and fine aerosols...
January 18, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347449/effective-electrostatic-interactions-in-colloid-nanoparticle-mixtures
#6
Alan R Denton
Interparticle interactions and bulk properties of colloidal suspensions can be substantially modified by the addition of nanoparticles. Extreme asymmetries in size and charge between colloidal particles and nanoparticles present severe computational challenges to molecular-scale modeling of such complex systems. We present a statistical mechanical theory of effective electrostatic interactions that can greatly ease large-scale modeling of charged colloid-nanoparticle mixtures. By applying a sequential coarse-graining procedure, we show that a multicomponent mixture of charged colloids, nanoparticles, counterions, and coions can be mapped first onto a binary mixture of colloids and nanoparticles and then onto a one-component model of colloids alone...
December 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346705/effect-of-dys-1-mutation-on-gene-expression-profile-in-space-flown-c-elegans
#7
Dan Xu, Ying Gao, Lin Guo, Chenggang Lin, Yeqing Sun
INTRODUCTION: Dystrophin-like dys-1 gene expression increases in the body-wall muscles of Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans) after spaceflight. Here, we utilized a dys-1(cx18) mutant to analyze the molecular adaptive responses of C. elegans to spaceflight. METHODS: DNA microarrays were performed to identify differentially expressed genes between wild-type and dys-1 mutant worms after spaceflight. We performed Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway analyses, predicted human diseases and screened out key genes for human muscle diseases with NextBio...
January 18, 2018: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345929/antihypertensive-effects-molecular-docking-study-and-isothermal-titration-calorimetry-assay-of-the-angiotensin-i-converting-enzyme-inhibitory-peptides-from-chlorella-vulgaris
#8
Jingli Xie, Xujun Chen, Junjie Wu, Yanyan Zhang, Yan Zhou, Lujia Zhang, Yajie Tang, Dong-Zhi Wei
The aim of this work is to explore angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory peptides from Chlorella vulgaris (C. vulgaris) and discover the inhibitory mechanism of the peptides. After C. vulgaris proteins were gastrointestinal digested in silico, several ACE inhibitory peptides with C-terminal tryptophan were screened. Among them, two novel non-competitive ACE inhibitors, Thr-Thr-Trp (TTW) and Val-His-Trp (VHW), exhibited the highest inhibitory activity indicated by IC50 values, 0.61 ± 0.12 and 0.91 ± 0...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344987/prior-uterine-evacuation-and-the-risk-of-short-cervical-length-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#9
Rupsa C Boelig, Michela Villani, Eva Jiang, Kelly M Orzechowski, Vincenzo Berghella
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether a prior uterine evacuation procedure is associated with an increased risk of short cervical length (≤20 mm) in women without prior spontaneous preterm birth. METHODS: This work was a retrospective cohort study from January 2012 to December 2014 of singletons without prior spontaneous preterm birth with cervical length screening between 18 weeks and 23 weeks 6 days. Women with a prior miscarriage/abortion were excluded if management (medical, surgical, or expectant) was not specified...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344877/a-bioluminescent-test-system-reveals-valuable-antioxidant-properties-of-lactobacillus-strains-from-human-microbiota
#10
Maria Marsova, Serikbay Abilev, Elena Poluektova, Valeriy Danilenko
Oxidative stress cause serious damages in human organism resulting in multiple diseases. Antioxidant therapy includes diet, the use of chemical agents or commensal bacteria such as lactobacilli. This study aims to evaluate the antioxidant (AO) activity of cell-free culture supernatants of lactobacilli, isolated from different parts of the human body. A test system based on Escherichia coli MG1655 strains carrying plasmids encoding luminescent biosensors pSoxS-lux and pKatG-lux inducible by superoxide anion and hydrogen peroxide, respectively, was used to analyze cell-free culture supernatants of lactobacilli...
January 17, 2018: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344749/diagnosis-of-sleep-apnea-in-patients-with-stable-chronic-heart-failure-using-a-portable-sleep-test-diagnostic-device
#11
Inês Araújo, Filipa Marques, Sandra André, Manuel Araújo, Sara Marques, Rita Ferreira, Patrícia Moniz, Margarida Proença, Pedro Borrego, Cândida Fonseca
PURPOSE: ApneaLink is a portable device for the screening of sleep apnea, a prevalent and underdiagnosed comorbidity in heart failure patients. A prospective cross-sectional study in patients with chronic heart failure was carried out to assess the sensitivity and specificity of apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) measurements using ApneaLink against the standard polysomnography test. METHODS: Adult patients with a prior hospitalization in an acute heart failure hospital unit were recruited for the study...
January 17, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344622/barriers-to-and-facilitators-of-implementing-enhanced-recovery-pathways-using-an-implementation-framework-a-systematic-review
#12
Alexander B Stone, Christina T Yuan, Michael A Rosen, Michael C Grant, Lauren E Benishek, Elizabeth Hanahan, Lisa H Lubomski, Clifford Ko, Elizabeth C Wick
Importance: Enhanced recovery pathways (ERPs) have the potential to reduce length of hospital stay, costs, and complications following surgery but can be challenging to implement. Objective: To examine the body of literature on ERPs to assess how authors describe barriers and facilitators of ERP implementation and identify, in aggregate, the best practices that should be considered utilizing the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR) to extract these elements and summarize common barriers and facilitators according to its 5 major domains: (1) intervention characteristics, (2) inner setting, (3) outer setting, (4) characteristics of the individuals, and (5) the process of implementation...
January 17, 2018: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343557/dicer1-and-associated-conditions-%C3%A2-identification-of-at-risk-individuals-and-recommended-surveillance-strategies
#13
Kris Ann P Schultz, Gretchen M Williams, Junne Kamihara, Douglas R Stewart, Anne K Harris, Andrew J Bauer, Joyce Turner, Rachana Shah, Katherine Schneider, Kami Wolfe Schneider, Ann Garrity Carr, Laura A Harney, Shari Baldinger, A Lindsay Frazier, Daniel Orbach, Dominik T Schneider, David Malkin, Louis P Dehner, Yoav H Messinger, Ashley Hill
Pathogenic germline DICER1 variants cause a hereditary cancer predisposition syndrome with a variety of manifestations. In addition to conferring increased cancer risks for pleuropulmonary blastoma (PPB) and ovarian sex cord-stromal tumors, particularly Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor, individuals with pathogenic germline DICER1 variants may also develop lung cysts, cystic nephroma, renal sarcoma and Wilms tumor, nodular hyperplasia of the thyroid, nasal chondromesenchymal hamartoma, ciliary body medulloepithelioma, genitourinary embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma and brain tumors including pineoblastoma and pituitary blastoma...
January 17, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343268/time-homogeneous-markov-process-for-hiv-aids-progression-under-a-combination-treatment-therapy-cohort-study-south-africa
#14
Claris Shoko, Delson Chikobvu
BACKGROUND: As HIV enters the human body, its main target is the CD4 cell which it turns into a factory that produces millions of other HIV particles. These HIV particles target new CD4 cells resulting in the progression of HIV infection to AIDS. A continuous depletion of CD4 cells results in opportunistic infections, for example tuberculosis (TB). The purpose of this study is to model and describe the progression of HIV/AIDS disease in an individual on antiretroviral therapy (ART) follow up using a continuous time homogeneous Markov process...
January 18, 2018: Theoretical Biology & Medical Modelling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343144/cell-surface-proteomics-for-the-identification-of-novel-therapeutic-targets-in-cancer
#15
Laura Kuhlmann, Emma Cummins, Ismael Samudio, Thomas Kislinger
Cancer is the second most common cause of death worldwide and its heterogeneity complicates therapy. Standard cytotoxic regiments disrupt rapidly dividing cells, regardless of their neoplastic status. The introduction of less toxic targeted therapies has partially contributed to the observed decrease in cancer-related mortality. Cell-surface proteins represent attractive targets for therapy, due to their easily-accessible localization and their involvement in essential signaling pathways, often dysregulated in cancer...
January 18, 2018: Expert Review of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341153/circulating-tumour-cells-and-dna-as-liquid-biopsies-in-gastrointestinal-cancer
#16
REVIEW
O Nordgård, K Tjensvoll, B Gilje, K Søreide
BACKGROUND: Blood is the most extensively studied body fluid and, because it contains circulating tumour cells (CTCs) and circulating tumour-derived cell-free DNA (ctDNA), it may represent a liquid biopsy for cancer. Methods for enrichment and detection of CTCs and ctDNA, their clinical applications and future opportunities in gastrointestinal cancers were the focus of this review. METHODS: The PubMed database was searched for literature up to 24 June 2017, with a focus on the past 10 years...
January 2018: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340495/validation-of-the-stop-bang-questionnaire-as-a-means-of-screening-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-adults-in-brazil
#17
Ricardo Luiz de Menezes Duarte, Lorena Barbosa de Moraes Fonseca, Flavio José Magalhães-da-Silveira, Erika Aparecida da Silveira, Marcelo Fouad Rabahi
OBJECTIVE: To validate the Portuguese-language version of the STOP-Bang (acronym for Snoring, Tiredness, Observed apnea, high blood Pressure, Body mass index, Age, Neck circumference, and Gender) questionnaire, culturally adapted for use in Brazil, as a means of screening for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in adults. METHODS: In this validation study, we enrolled patients ≥ 18 years of age, recruited between May of 2015 and November of 2016. All patients completed the STOP-Bang questionnaire and underwent overnight polysomnography...
November 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339244/epigenetics-of-breast-cancer-biology-and-clinical-implication-in-the-era-of-precision-medicine
#18
REVIEW
Barbara Pasculli, Raffaela Barbano, Paola Parrella
In the last years, mortality from breast cancer has declined in western countries as a consequence of a more widespread screening resulting in earlier detection, as well as an improved molecular classification and advances in adjuvant treatment. Nevertheless, approximately one third of breast cancer patients will develop distant metastases and eventually die for the disease. There is now a compelling body of evidence suggesting that epigenetic modifications comprising DNA methylation and chromatin remodeling play a pivotal role since the early stages of breast cancerogenesis...
January 12, 2018: Seminars in Cancer Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337985/increased-risk-of-ischemic-heart-disease-hypertension-and-type-2-diabetes-in-women-with-previous-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-target-group-in-general-practice-for-preventive-interventions-a-population-based-cohort-study
#19
Barbara Daly, Konstantinos A Toulis, Neil Thomas, Krishna Gokhale, James Martin, Jonathan Webber, Deepi Keerthy, Kate Jolly, Ponnusamy Saravanan, Krishnarajah Nirantharakumar
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with developing type 2 diabetes, but very few studies have examined its effect on developing cardiovascular disease. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study utilizing a large primary care database in the United Kingdom. From 1 February 1990 to 15 May 2016, 9,118 women diagnosed with GDM were identified and randomly matched with 37,281 control women by age and timing of pregnancy (up to 3 months)...
January 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337612/impact-of-controlling-bacteria-in-feed-on-broiler-performance-during-a-clostridial-challenge
#20
K Richardson, C Hofacre, G Mathis, B Lumpkins, R Phillips
Three studies were conducted using Clostridium perfringens as an intestinal challenge to produce necrotic enteritis (NE). The studies consisted of two battery screening studies and one production study in floor pens. The purpose of the trials was to determine if reducing the level of microorganisms in feed consumed by broilers reduced the impact of a nonfeed-based Clostridial challenge. In all studies, C. perfringens challenged broilers consuming feed containing lower levels of microorganisms compared to control feed exhibited significantly ( P < 0...
December 2017: Avian Diseases
keyword
keyword
104962
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"