keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

body screening

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319607/reduced-bone-mineral-density-in-children-with-screening-detected-celiac-disease
#1
Sara Björck, Charlotte Brundin, Magnus Karlsson, Daniel Agardh
OBJECTIVES: To assess if bone mass and metabolism are impaired in genetically at risk children with screening-detected celiac disease. METHODS: Included were 71 children with screening-detected celiac disease diagnosed at 10.0 ± 0.7 (mean ± SD) years and 142 matched controls as well as 30 children with screening-detected celiac disease diagnosed at 3.3 ± 0.4 years of age presently on a gluten-free diet for 6.9 ± 1.1 years and 60 matched controls...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319090/a-single-copy-sleeping-beauty-transposon-mutagenesis-screen-identifies-new-pten-cooperating-tumor-suppressor-genes
#2
Jorge de la Rosa, Julia Weber, Mathias Josef Friedrich, Yilong Li, Lena Rad, Hannes Ponstingl, Qi Liang, Sandra Bernaldo de Quirós, Imran Noorani, Emmanouil Metzakopian, Alexander Strong, Meng Amy Li, Aurora Astudillo, María Teresa Fernández-García, María Soledad Fernández-García, Gary J Hoffman, Rocío Fuente, George S Vassiliou, Roland Rad, Carlos López-Otín, Allan Bradley, Juan Cadiñanos
The overwhelming number of genetic alterations identified through cancer genome sequencing requires complementary approaches to interpret their significance and interactions. Here we developed a novel whole-body insertional mutagenesis screen in mice, which was designed for the discovery of Pten-cooperating tumor suppressors. Toward this aim, we coupled mobilization of a single-copy inactivating Sleeping Beauty transposon to Pten disruption within the same genome. The analysis of 278 transposition-induced prostate, breast and skin tumors detected tissue-specific and shared data sets of known and candidate genes involved in cancer...
March 20, 2017: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317879/a-novel-method-for-screening-adenosine-receptor-specific-agonists-for-use-in-adenosine-drug-development
#3
Karlie R Jones, Uimook Choi, Ji-Liang Gao, Robert D Thompson, Larry E Rodman, Harry L Malech, Elizabeth M Kang
Agonists that target the A1, A2A, A2B and A3 adenosine receptors have potential to be potent treatment options for a number of diseases, including autoimmune diseases, cardiovascular disease and cancer. Because each of these adenosine receptors plays a distinct role throughout the body, obtaining highly specific receptor agonists is essential. Of these receptors, the adenosine A2AR and A2BR share many sequence and structural similarities but highly differ in their responses to inflammatory stimuli. Our laboratory, using a combination of specially developed cell lines and calcium release analysis hardware, has created a new and faster method for determining specificity of synthetic adenosine agonist compounds for the A2A and A2B receptors in human cells...
March 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317615/routine-screening-examinations-in-attendance-of-cats-with-obstructive-lower-urinary-tract-disease
#4
Amanda Marin Neri, Luiz Henrique de Araújo Machado, Priscylla Tatiana Chalfun Guimarães Okamoto, Maurício Gianfrancesco Filippi, Regina Kiomi Takahira, Alessandra Melchert, Maria Lúcia Gomes Lourenço
This study evaluates the clinical findings obtained in routine screening examinations in cats with obstructive feline lower urinary tract disease at the time of service. Twenty-six cats with urethral obstruction were assessed by physical examination, blood pressure, electrocardiogram, and laboratory tests. Cats with signs of obstruction less than 36 hours before the service were in a state of alert, with body temperature and heart rate higher compared with cats in lethargy and stupor, obstructed up to 36 hours...
December 2016: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317530/depigmentation-therapies-for-vitiligo
#5
REVIEW
Pearl E Grimes, Rama Nashawati
The general goals of medical management of vitiligo are to repigment vitiliginous areas of skin and to stabilize the progression of depigmentation. However, for some patients with vitiligo affecting extensive body surface areas who are unresponsive to repigmentation therapies, depigmentation of the remaining normal skin may be a better choice. Candidates for depigmentation therapy should be carefully screened and patient education is essential. Permanent topical therapies used for depigmentation include monobenzyl ether of hydroquinone, 4-methoxyphenol, and 88% phenol...
April 2017: Dermatologic Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315747/multivariate-analysis-of-airway-obstruction-and-reintubation-after-anterior-cervical-surgery
#6
REVIEW
Haoxi Li, Yufeng Huang, Bin Shen, Zhaoyu Ba, Desheng Wu
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study PURPOSE: To explore the risk factors for reintubation after airway obstruction following anterior cervical surgery. STUDY BACKGROUND: Anterior cervical surgery is an effective surgical therapy for cervical spine disorders. As the anterior approach is adopted more frequently, some rare postoperative complications come under the spotlight, among which, airway obstruction is extremely detrimental. However, the risk factors and the pathogenesis of the airway obstruction still remain unknown...
March 15, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314735/non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-its-relationship-with-cardiovascular-disease-and-other-extrahepatic-diseases
#7
REVIEW
Leon A Adams, Quentin M Anstee, Herbert Tilg, Giovanni Targher
Key physiological functions of the liver, including glucose and lipid metabolism, become disturbed in the setting of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and may be associated with a systemic inflammatory 'milieu' initiated in part by liver-secreted cytokines and molecules. Consequently, the pathophysiological effects of NAFLD extend beyond the liver with a large body of clinical evidence demonstrating NAFLD to be independently associated with both prevalent and incident cardiovascular disease (CVD), chronic kidney disease (CKD) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)...
March 17, 2017: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306713/trypanocidal-effect-of-isotretinoin-through-the-inhibition-of-polyamine-and-amino-acid-transporters-in-trypanosoma-cruzi
#8
Chantal Reigada, Edward A Valera-Vera, Melisa Sayé, Andrea E Errasti, Carla C Avila, Mariana R Miranda, Claudio A Pereira
Polyamines are essential compounds to all living organisms and in the specific case of Trypanosoma cruzi, the causative agent of Chagas disease, they are exclusively obtained through transport processes since this parasite is auxotrophic for polyamines. Previous works reported that retinol acetate inhibits Leishmania growth and decreases its intracellular polyamine concentration. The present work describes a combined strategy of drug repositioning by virtual screening followed by in vitro assays to find drugs able to inhibit TcPAT12, the only polyamine transporter described in T...
March 17, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306678/the-complex-phenotype-of-the-athlete-s-heart-implications-for-preparticipation-screening
#9
Benjamin Brown, John Somauroo, Daniel J Green, Mathew Wilson, Jonathan Drezner, Keith George, David Oxborough
Preparticipation screening is vital to exclude inherited cardiac conditions that have the potential to cause sudden cardiac death in seemingly healthy athletes. Recent research has questioned traditional theories of load-induced, dichotomous cardiac adaptation. We therefore considered whether a one-size-fits-all approach to screening can account for interindividual differences brought about by sporting discipline, training volume, ethnicity, body size, sex, and age.
April 2017: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306245/3d-printed-high-density-droplet-array-chip-for-miniaturized-protein-crystallization-screening-under-vapor-diffusion-mode
#10
Yi-Ran Liang, Li-Na Zhu, Jie Gao, Hong-Xia Zhao, Ying Zhu, Sheng Ye, Qun Fang
Here we describe the combination of three-dimensional (3D) printed chip and automated microfluidic droplet-based screening techniques for achieving massively parallel, nanoliter-scale protein crystallization screening under vapor diffusion mode. We fabricated high density microwell array chips for sitting-drop vapor diffusion crystallization utilizing the advantage of 3D printing technique in producing high-aspect-ratio chips. To overcome the obstacle of 3D printed microchips in performing long-term reactions caused by their porousness and gas permeability properties in chip body, we developed a two-step post processing method, including paraffin filling and parylene coating, to achieve high sealability and stability...
March 17, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301561/treating-major-depression-with-yoga-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#11
Sudha Prathikanti, Renee Rivera, Ashly Cochran, Jose Gabriel Tungol, Nima Fayazmanesh, Eva Weinmann
BACKGROUND: Conventional pharmacotherapies and psychotherapies for major depression are associated with limited adherence to care and relatively low remission rates. Yoga may offer an alternative treatment option, but rigorous studies are few. This randomized controlled trial with blinded outcome assessors examined an 8-week hatha yoga intervention as mono-therapy for mild-to-moderate major depression. METHODS: Investigators recruited 38 adults in San Francisco meeting criteria for major depression of mild-to-moderate severity, per structured psychiatric interview and scores of 14-28 on Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301362/analysis-of-surfing-injuries-presenting-in-the-acute-trauma-setting
#12
Kevin T Jubbal, Charlie Chen, Todd Costantini, Fernando Herrera, Marek Dobke, Ahmed Suliman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Surfing is a rapidly growing major worldwide sport; however, little is understood regarding severe injuries and resulting hospital admissions. This study explores surfing-related injuries in the major surfing hub of San Diego presenting in the acute trauma setting. The purpose of this study is to address the void of information regarding severe surfing injuries in the trauma setting, including injury patterns, associated hospitalization course, and risk factors...
March 16, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301060/prevalence-of-eating-disorders-and-picking-nibbling-in-elderly-women
#13
Eva M Conceição, Fabiana V S Gomes, Ana R Vaz, Ana Pinto-Bastos, Paulo P P Machado
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the point prevalence of eating disorders and picking/nibbling in elderly women. METHODS: This was a two-stage epidemiological study that assessed 342 women aged 65-94 years old. In Stage 1, the following screening measures were used to identify possible cases: the Mini-Mental State Examination, to screen and exclude patients with cognitive impairment; Weight Concerns Scale; SCOFF (Sick, Control, One, Fat, Food) Questionnaire; Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire-dietary restraint subscale; and three questions to screen for picking/nibbling and night eating syndrome...
March 16, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300757/analysis-of-outcomes-of-the-nrs-2002-in-patients-hospitalized-in-nephrology-wards
#14
Paulina Borek, Michał Chmielewski, Sylwia Małgorzewicz, Alicja Dębska Ślizień
INTRODUCTION: Malnutrition is a common problem among hospitalized patients. In chronic kidney disease, it affects up to 50% of the population. Undernourishment has an adverse effect on prognosis and prolongs convalescence. The aim of the study was to test the effectiveness of NRS (Nutrition Risk Screening) -2002 in the assessment of risk of malnutrition for patients hospitalized in nephrology wards. The aim was to develop clinical characteristics of malnourished patients and to assess the relationship between nutritional status and patient outcome...
March 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300703/highly-oxygenated-lanostane-type-triterpenoids-and-their-bioactivity-from-the-fruiting-body-of-ganoderma-gibbosum
#15
De-Bing Pu, Xi Zheng, Jun-Bo Gao, Xing-Jie Zhang, Yan Qi, Xiao-Si Li, Yong-Mei Wang, Xiao-Nian Li, Xiao-Li Li, Chun-Ping Wan, Wei-Lie Xiao
Eight new highly oxygenated lanostane triterpenes, gibbosic acids A-H (1-8), along with three known ones (9-11), were isolated from the fruiting body of Ganoderma gibbosum. The structures of new isolates were assigned by NMR and HRESIMS experiments. The absolute configurations of 1 were further confirmed by single crystal X-ray diffraction data and computational ECD methods. Immunoregulatory effect and anti-inflammatory activities of these compounds were screened in murine lymphocyte proliferation assay and in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW-264...
March 11, 2017: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299868/impact-of-a-nurse-practitioner-role-on-metabolic-monitoring-completion-and-referrals-for-consumers-admitted-to-the-intensive-care-area-of-an-acute-inpatient-psychiatric-unit
#16
Trudy Brown, Brian McKenna, Trentham Furness
Mental illness increases a person's risk of physical health issues, including cardiovascular disease, leading to premature morbidity and mortality. Screening for cardiovascular disease through metabolic monitoring is recommended to aid in early detection. The aim of the present study was to ascertain whether consumers admitted to an inpatient mental health unit receive routine metabolic monitoring, and to explore the contribution of a nurse practitioner to metabolic monitoring and the actioning of abnormal results...
March 16, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299392/examining-sedentary-time-as-a-risk-factor-for-cardiometabolic-diseases-and-their-markers-in-south-asian-adults-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
S Ahmad, S Shanmugasegaram, K L Walker, S A Prince
OBJECTIVES: The objective was to systematically review the literature to determine whether sedentary time was associated with cardiometabolic diseases and their risk factors among South Asian adults. METHODS: Six electronic databases were searched to identify all studies that examined the association between sedentary time and cardiometabolic diseases (e.g., diabetes, cardiovascular disease) and their risk factors [e.g., body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), lipids, blood pressure (BP), glucose] among South Asian adults...
March 16, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298641/risk-factors-of-postoperative-pancreatic-fistula-in-patients-after-distal-pancreatectomy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Yun-Peng Peng, Xiao-Le Zhu, Ling-Di Yin, Yi Zhu, Ji-Shu Wei, Jun-Li Wu, Yi Miao
Postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) is a common complication following distal pancreatectomy (DP). However, the risk factors of this complication in patients after DP still remain controversial. The aim of our study is to estimate the association between potential risk factors and POPF. Relevant articles published up to June 21, 2016 were identified via PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and The Cochrane Library. Studies that examined the risk factors of POPF following DP were enrolled. 20 articles (2070 patients) were finally included in this study...
March 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298205/prevalence-and-determinants-of-erectile-dysfunction-among-diabetic-patients-attending-in-hospitals-of-central-and-northwestern-zone-of-tigray-northern-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Awole Seid, Hadgu Gerensea, Shambel Tarko, Yosef Zenebe, Rahel Mezemir
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of erectile dysfunction among diabetic men varies between 35-90%. Although erectile dysfunction is widespread among men with diabetes, the condition often remains undiagnosed and demands appropriate assessment and prompt treatment. Erectile dysfunction can affect all aspects of a patient's life including physical, emotional, social, sexual, and relationships. The main aim of this study is to determine the prevalence and determinants of erectile dysfunction among diabetic patients attending hospitals in the Central and Northwest zone of Tigray, Ethiopia...
March 15, 2017: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296945/longitudinal-associations-between-body-mass-index-physical-activity-and-healthy-dietary-behaviors-in-adults-a-parallel-latent-growth-curve-modeling-approach
#20
Youngdeok Kim, Jung-Min Lee, Jungyoon Kim, Emily Dhurandhar, Ghada Soliman, Nizar K Wehbi, James Canedy
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) and healthy dietary behaviors (HDB) are two well-documented lifestyle factors influencing body mass index (BMI). This study examined 7-year longitudinal associations between changes in PA, HDB, and BMI among adults using a parallel latent growth curve modeling (LGCM). METHODS: We used prospective cohort data collected by a private company (SimplyWell LLC, Omaha, NE, USA) implementing a workplace health screening program. Data from a total of 2,579 adults who provided valid BMI, PA, and HDB information for at least 5 out of 7 follow-up years from the time they entered the program were analyzed...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
104962
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"