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Hassan Peyvandi, Fahimeh Arsan, Athena Alipour-Faz, Maryam Yousefi
BACKGROUND: Mature cystic teratoma is one of the most common tumors of the ovaries; however, primary retroperitoneal lesions are rare entities in adults. CASE SUMMARY: We report a case of a 33 year-old woman noticing a mass in her epigastric and left upper abdominal region without any specific signs and symptoms. Radiological evaluation revealed a retroperitoneal mass with extension from the posterior aspect of the pancreas to the pelvic cavity, composed of calcifications and cystic elements...
October 11, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Kamran Balighi, Maryam Daneshpazhooh, Nessa Aghazadeh, Vahide Saeidi, Farzam Shahpouri, Pardis Hejazi, Cheyda Chams-Davatchi
HINTERGRUND UND ZIELE: Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) wird in der Regel mit systemischen Corticosteroiden und Immunsuppressiva behandelt. Avaskuläre Nekrose (AVN) des Hüftkopfes ist eine gut bekannte schwerere Komplikation einer Corticosteroid-Therapie. Die Charakteristika dieser schweren Komplikation bei PV sind nach wie vor unbekannt. PATIENTEN UND METHODEN: Nicht kontrollierte, retrospektive Untersuchung aller PV-bedingten AVN-Fälle, die in einer iranischen Klinik für bullöse Autoimmunerkrankungen zwischen 1985 und 2013 diagnostiziert wurden...
October 2016: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
Kamran Balighi, Maryam Daneshpazhooh, Nessa Aghazadeh, Vahide Saeidi, Farzam Shahpouri, Pardis Hejazi, Cheyda Chams-Davatchi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) is typically treated with systemic corticosteroids and immunosuppressive agents. Avascular necrosis (AVN) of the femoral head is a well-recognized major complication of corticosteroid therapy. The characteristics of this serious complication in PV remain unknown. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Uncontrolled, retrospective study of all PV-related AVN cases diagnosed at an Iranian autoimmune bullous disease clinic between 1985 and 2013...
October 2016: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
Hamid Reza Samadikhah, Maryam Nikkhah, Saman Hosseinkhani
Two quantum dots (QDs), a green emitter, CdSe and a red emitter, CdSe with ZnS shell are encapsulated into novel liposomes in two different formulations including cationic liposomes. Quantum dots have proven themselves as powerful inorganic fluorescent probes, especially for long-term, multiplexed imaging and detection. Upon delivery into a cell, in endocytic vesicles such as endosomes, their fluorescence is quenched. We have investigated the potential toxic effects, photophysical properties and cell internalization of QDs in new formulation of liposomes as an in vitro vesicle model...
October 21, 2016: Luminescence: the Journal of Biological and Chemical Luminescence
Hossein Derakhshankhah, Mohammad Javad Hajipour, Ebrahim Barzegari, Alireza Lotfabadi, Maryam Ferdousi, Ali Akbar Saboury, Eng-Poh Ng, Mohammad Raoufi, Hussein Awala, Svetlana Mintova, Rassoul Dinarvand, Morteza Mahmoudi
EMT-type zeolite nanoparticles (EMT NPs) with diameter smaller than 12 nm and uniform pore size of 7.3 Å have shown high selective affinity toward plasma protein (fibrinogen). Besides, the EMT NPs have demonstrated no adverse effect on blood coagulation hemostasis. Therefore, it was envisioned that the EMT NPs could inhibit possible β-Amyloid (Aβ)-fibrinogen interactions that result in the formation of structurally abnormal clots, which are resistant to lysis, in cerebral vessels of patients with Alzheimer disease (AD)...
October 21, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Maryam Jamshidi-Aidji, Gertrud Elisabeth Morlock
Phytochemicals are promising agents in the development of new antibiotics. A streamlined strategy for rapid screening and reliable characterization of antibiotics in botanicals was demonstrated in contrast to the commonly applied chromatographic column fractionation followed by microtiter plate assay. Modern direct bioautography hyphenated to structure elucidation techniques is a straightforward bioanalytical tool, especially if microbiological assays were taken into account. At one go, lipophilic antimicrobials in Salvia miltiorrhiza root samples were analyzed using high-performance thin-layer chromatography (HPTLC) in direct combination with Aliivibrio fischeri and Bacillus subtilis bioassays...
October 21, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Jaleh Esmaeilzadeh, Hossein Nazemiyeh, Maryam Maghsoodi, Farzaneh Lotfipour
Purpose: Psylliumseeds are used in traditional herbal medicine to treat various disorders. Moreover, as a soluble fiber, psyllium has potential to stimulate bacterial growth in digestive system. We aimed to substitute alkali-extractable polysaccharides of psyllium for alginate in beads with second coat of poly-l-lysine to coat Lactobacillus acidophilus. Methods: Beads were prepared using extrusion technique. Poly-l-lysine as second coat was incorporated on optimum alginate/psyllium beads using immersion technique...
September 2016: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Takayuki Koga, Pei-Li Yao, Maryam Goudarzi, Iain A Murray, Gayathri Balandaram, Frank J Gonzalez, Gary H Perdew, Albert J Fornace, Jeffrey M Peters
Alcoholic liver disease is a pathological condition caused by over-consumption of alcohol. Due to the high morbidity and mortality associated with this disease, there remains a need to elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying its etiology and to develop new treatments. Since peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-β/δ (PPARβ/δ) modulates ethanol-induced hepatic effects, the present study examined alterations in gene expression that may contribute to this disease. Chronic ethanol treatment causes increased hepatic CYP2B10 expression in Pparβ/δ+/+ mice, but not in Pparβ/δ-/- mice...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Maryam Dastan, Nowruz Najafzadeh, Ali Abedelahi, Mohammadreza Sarvi, Ali Niapour
Minoxidil and human platelet lysate (HPL) are commonly used to treat patients with hair loss. However, the roles of HPL versus minoxidil in hair follicle biology largely remain unknown. Here, we hypothesized that bulge and dermal papilla (DP) cells may express specific genes, including Kras, Erk, Akt, Shh and β-catenin after exposure to minoxidil or HPL. The mouse hair follicles were isolated on day 10 after depilation and bulge or DP regions were dissected. The bulge and DP cells were cultured for 14days in DMEM/F12 medium...
October 17, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Mohammad Ayoub Rigi Ladiz, Maryam Najafi, Dor Mohammad Kordi-Tamandani
The aberrant DNA methylation of the tumor suppressor genes involved in DNA Damage Response (DDR) signaling and cell cycle regulation may lead to the tumorigenesis. Our purpose here is to analyze the promoter methylation and mRNA expression levels of LATS1 and LATS2 (LATS1/2) genes in OSCC. Promoter methylation status of LATS1/2 genes was evaluated in 70 OSCC paraffin-embedded tissues and 70 normal oral samples, using Methylation Specific PCR (MSP). LATS1/2 mRNA expression profiles were also investigated in 14 OSCC patients and 14 normal samples, using real-time PCR...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Cell Communication and Signaling
Ryan A Durfee, Maryam Mohammed, Hue H Luu
Osteosarcoma is the most common primary malignancy of bone in children and young adults. This tumor has a very heterogeneous genetic profile and lacks any consistent unifying event that leads to the pathogenesis of osteosarcoma. In this review, some of the important genetic events involved in osteosarcoma will be highlighted. Additionally, the clinical diagnosis of osteosarcoma will be discussed, as well as contemporary chemotherapeutic and surgical management of this tumor. Finally, the review will discuss some of the novel approaches to treating this disease...
October 19, 2016: Rheumatol Ther
Afsoon Zarei, Parastoo Sohail, Mohammad Ebrahim Parsanezhad, Saeed Alborzi, Alamtaj Samsami, Maryam Azizi
PURPOSE: To compare the pregnancy outcomes between four regimens of luteal phase support (LPS), including vaginal progesterone, oral dydrogesterone, combination of oral dydrogesterone and gonadotropin releasing hormone analog (GnRH-α), and combination of oral dydrogesterone and human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG), in Frozen-thawed Embryo Transfer (FET) cycles. METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was performed during a 6-month period, including candidates for FET...
October 19, 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Shabnam Niroumand, Maliheh Dadgarmoghaddam, Babak Eghbali, Maryam Abrishami, Arash Gholoobi, Hamid Reza Bahrami Taghanaki, Mohammad Khajedaluee
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus is assumed to be a strong risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and is frequently associated with other CVD risk factors. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to assess the prevalence of different patterns of dyslipidemia in individuals with diabetes compared with non-diabetic subjects and evaluate other accompanied CVD risk factors between the two groups. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was an analytical cross-sectional study on 230 participants, aged 28 - 66 years old, who were referred to different urban health centers of Khorasan Razavi province (north-east of Iran)...
August 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Iraj Salimikia, Hamid Reza Monsef-Esfahani, Ahmad Reza Gohari, Mehrnoosh Salek
BACKGROUND: Salvia, known as Maryam Goli in the Persian language, is an important genus that includes approximately 900 species in the Lamiaceae family. There are 58 Salvia species growing naturally in Iran, including Salvia chloroleuca Rech. f. and Allen., which grows wild in the northeastern and central parts of the country. OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to determine the chemical composition, in vitro antioxidant activity, and total phenol content of various extracts of S...
August 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Faris G Bakri, Ayman Wahbeh, Awni Abu Sneina, Ali Al Khader, Fatima Obeidat, Izzat AlAwwa, Maryam Buni, Chang-Seok Ki, Amira Masri
Patients with congenital insensitivity to pain and anhydrosis syndrome are at risk for renal amyloidosis and inflammatory bowel disease. Physicians caring for such patients should be aware of these complications.
October 2016: Clinical Case Reports
Samaneh Asgari, Maryam Barzin, Farhad Hosseinpanah, Farzad Hadaegh, Fereidoun Azizi, Davood Khalili
BACKGROUND: Although current data shows a positive association between obesity and development of coronary heart disease (CHD) in general population, there is limited data on the important protective role of central or general obesity in patients with prevalent CHD or the "obesity paradox", from this region. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the present investigation was to describe the relationship between BMI categories and the recurrence of CHD in patients with a history of CHD using data from a large population-based study, the Tehran lipid and glucose study (TLGS)...
April 2016: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Nahid Shahabadi, Monireh Falsafi, Maryam Maghsudi
The interaction of anticancer drug cytarabine with calf thymus DNA (CT-DNA) was investigated in vitro under simulated physiological conditions by multispectroscopic techniques and molecular modeling study. The fluorescence spectroscopy and UV absorption spectroscopy indicated drug interacted with CT-DNA in a groove-binding mode, while the binding constant of UV-vis and the number of binding sites were 4.0 ± 0.2 × 10(4) L mol(-1) and 1.39, respectively. The fluorimetric studies showed that the reaction between the drugs with CT-DNA is exothermic...
October 19, 2016: Nucleosides, Nucleotides & Nucleic Acids
Mohammad Reza Hatef-Fard, Mina Khodabandeh, Maryam Sahebari, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan, Zahra Rezaieyazdi
BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematous is an autoimmune disease associated with atherosclerotic manifestations or metabolic disturbance due to inflammation. The aim of this study was to determine frequency of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in SLE compared to healthy controls. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 150 SLE patients and 220 healthy volunteers were enrolled. MetS was diagnosed according to ATPIII criteria. Patients and controls were compared according to prevalence of MetS...
2016: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
Maryam Ghasempour, Saeid Mahdavi Omran, Ali Akbar Moghadamnia, Faranak Shafiee
INTRODUCTION: Because of resistance and side effects to common antifungal drugs activity, the research on herbal substances with antifungal activity is frequent. Lemon verbena (Lippia citriodora) is a member of Verbenaceae family. The aim of this study was to determine the anti-candida activities of the ethanolic and aqueous extracts of the lemon verbena leaves and compare them with nystatin and fluconazole. METHODS: In this 2015 study, 15 clinical isolates and standard strain of candida albicans PTCC 5027 were used, and the inhibitory effects of the ethanolic and aqueous extracts, Nystatin and Fluconazole, were evaluated using disk and well diffusion methods...
August 2016: Electronic Physician
Leila Vali, Azar Izadi, Yunes Jahani, Maryam Okhovati
INTRODUCTION: Education and research are two major functions of universities, which require proper and systematic exploitation of available knowledge and information. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate the knowledge management status in an education system by considering the function of faculty members in creation and dissemination of knowledge. This study was conducted to investigate the knowledge management status among faculty members of the Kerman University of Medical Sciences based on the Nonaka and Takeuchi models in 2015...
August 2016: Electronic Physician
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