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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820224/label-free-fluorescent-immunoassay-for-cu-2-ion-detection-based-on-uv-degradation-of-immunocomplex-and-metal-ion-chelates
#1
Qi Shu, Mengli Liu, Hui Ouyang, Zhifeng Fu
A mouse anti Cu(2+)-EDTA monoclonal antibody was used to capture EDTA chelated Cu(2+) ions. Then UV radiation was utilized to degrade immunocomplex and Cu(2+)-EDTA chelates to release free Cu(2+) ions. Based on their quenching effect to the fluorescent emission of CdSe/ZnS quantum dots, the released Cu(2+) ions could be detected with ideal specificity and high sensitivity.
August 18, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819546/oxidative-stress-harms-and-benefits-for-human-health
#2
REVIEW
Gabriele Pizzino, Natasha Irrera, Mariapaola Cucinotta, Giovanni Pallio, Federica Mannino, Vincenzo Arcoraci, Francesco Squadrito, Domenica Altavilla, Alessandra Bitto
Oxidative stress is a phenomenon caused by an imbalance between production and accumulation of oxygen reactive species (ROS) in cells and tissues and the ability of a biological system to detoxify these reactive products. ROS can play, and in fact they do it, several physiological roles (i.e., cell signaling), and they are normally generated as by-products of oxygen metabolism; despite this, environmental stressors (i.e., UV, ionizing radiations, pollutants, and heavy metals) and xenobiotics (i.e., antiblastic drugs) contribute to greatly increase ROS production, therefore causing the imbalance that leads to cell and tissue damage (oxidative stress)...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818778/potential-effect-of-compounds-isolated-from-coffea-arabica-against-uv-b-induced-skin-damage-by-protecting-fibroblast-cells
#3
Yong-Hun Cho, Ashutosh Bahuguna, Han-Hyuk Kim, Dong-In Kim, Hyeon-Jeong Kim, Jae-Myo Yu, Hyun-Gug Jung, Jae-Yoon Jang, Jae-Hoon Kwak, Geun-Hye Park, O-Jun Kwon, Young Je Cho, Jeong Yeon An, Cheorun Jo, Sun Chul Kang, Bong-Jeun An
Ultraviolet (UV) radiation has adverse effects on extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins, leading to formation of wrinkles a hallmark of premature skin aging. The adverse effects of UV radiation are associated with induction of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) expression and degradation of collagen and elastin. The present study investigated anti-wrinkle effects of chlorogenic acid (CGA), pyrocatechol (PC) and 3,4,5-tricaffeoyl quinic acid (TCQ), isolated from beans of Coffea arabica, against UV-B stimulated mouse fibroblast cells (CCRF) by measuring expression levels of MMP-1, 3, 9, and type-I procollagen...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818643/combined-effects-of-oil-exposure-temperature-and-ultraviolet-radiation-on-buoyancy-and-oxygen-consumption-of-embryonic-mahi-mahi-coryphaena-hippurus
#4
Christina Pasparakis, Lauren E Sweet, John D Stieglitz, Daniel Benetti, Conrad T Casente, Aaron P Roberts, Martin Grosell
The Deepwater Horizon oil spill occurred in the summer of 2010 and coincided with the spawning window of the ecologically and economically important pelagic fish mahi-mahi (Coryphaena hippurus). During summer months, early life stage mahi-mahi were likely also exposed to other naturally occurring stressors such as increased temperature and ultraviolet radiation (UV). Previous research has shown that co-exposure to oil and additional natural stressors can affect the timing and duration of negative buoyancy in mahi-mahi embryos...
August 5, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814448/carcinogen-susceptibility-is-regulated-by-genome-architecture-and-predicts-cancer-mutagenesis
#5
Pablo E García-Nieto, Erin K Schwartz, Devin A King, Jonas Paulsen, Philippe Collas, Rafael E Herrera, Ashby J Morrison
The development of many sporadic cancers is directly initiated by carcinogen exposure. Carcinogens induce malignancies by creating DNA lesions (i.e., adducts) that can result in mutations if left unrepaired. Despite this knowledge, there has been remarkably little investigation into the regulation of susceptibility to acquire DNA lesions. In this study, we present the first quantitative human genome-wide map of DNA lesions induced by ultraviolet (UV) radiation, the ubiquitous carcinogen in sunlight that causes skin cancer...
August 16, 2017: EMBO Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813022/impact-of-orientation-on-the-vitamin-d-weighted-exposure-of-a-human-in-an-urban-environment
#6
Michael Schrempf, Nadine Thuns, Kezia Lange, Gunther Seckmeyer
The vitamin D₃-weighted UV exposure of a human with vertical posture was calculated for urban locations to investigate the impact of orientation and obstructions on the exposure. Human exposure was calculated by using the 3D geometry of a human and integrating the radiance, i.e., the radiant energy from the direct solar beam and the diffuse sky radiation from different incident and azimuth angles. Obstructions of the sky are derived from hemispherical images, which are recorded by a digital camera with a fisheye lens...
August 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811301/topically-applied-carvedilol-attenuates-solar-ultraviolet-radiation-induced-skin-carcinogenesis
#7
Kevin M Huang, Sherry Liang, Steven Yeung, Etuajie Oiyemhonlan, Kristan H Cleveland, Cyrus Parsa, Robert Orlando, Frank L Meyskens, Bradley Andresen, Ying Huang
In previous studies, the β-blocker carvedilol inhibited EGF-induced epidermal cell transformation and chemical carcinogen-induced mouse skin hyperplasia. As exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation leads to skin cancer, the present study examined whether carvedilol can prevent UV-induced carcinogenesis. Carvedilol absorbs UV like a sunscreen; thus, to separate pharmacological from sunscreen effects, 4-hydroxycarbazole (4-OHC), which absorbs UV to the same degree as carvedilol, served as control. JB6 P+ cells, an established epidermal model for studying tumor promotion, were used for evaluating the effect of carvedilol on UV-induced neoplastic transformation...
August 15, 2017: Cancer Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809107/synthesis-and-insecticidal-activity-of-enzyme-triggered-functionalized-hollow-mesoporous-silica-for-controlled-release
#8
Amir Esmat Kaziem, Yunhao Gao, Shun He, Jianhong Li
In the present study, enzymatic responsive controlled release formulations (CRFs) were fabricated. The CRFs were achieved by anchoring mechanically interlocked molecules using α-cyclodextrin onto the surface pore rims of hollow mesoporous silica (HMS). The CRFs were characterized using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscope, transmission electron microscope, and thermogravimetric analysis. The results showed that the CRFs had extraordinary loading ability for chlorantraniliprole (42% w/w) and could effectively preserve chlorantraniliprole against degradation under thermal conditions and UV radiation...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808403/the-possible-pre-and-post-uva-radiation-protective-effect-of-amaranth-oil-on-human-skin-fibroblast-cells
#9
Katarzyna Wolosik, Ilona Zareba, Arkadiusz Surazynski, Agnieszka Markowska
BACKGROUND: The health effects of Amaranth Oil (AO) are attributed to its specific chemical composition. That makes it an outstanding natural product for the prevention and treatment of ultraviolet (UV) irradiation-related pathologies such as sunburn, photoaging, photoimmunosuppression, and photocarcinogenesis. Most of the studies are taken on animal model, and there is a lack of research on the endogenous effect of AO on fibroblast level, where UVA takes it harmful place. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was evaluation if AO can protect or abolish UVA exposure effect on human skin fibroblast...
July 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808206/the-effect-of-sunblock-against-oxidative-stress-in-farmers-a-pilot-study
#10
Yong-Dae Kim, Dong-Hyuk Yim, Sang-Yong Eom, Ji Yeoun Lee, Heon Kim
Farmers are frequently exposed to ultraviolet (UV) radiation which causes various diseases by inducing oxidative stress. This study aimed to assess the effects of sunblock on oxidative stress in the body. Eighty-seven farmers were divided into two groups: those who wore sunblock for five days and those who did not. The total antioxidant capacity (TAC) in urine, which is an antioxidant indicator, and 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) levels in urine, an oxidative stress indicator, were measured. The urinary TAC of sunblock users was significantly higher than that of non-users, but urinary 8-OHdG levels were not significantly different...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806739/combined-effects-of-o3-and-uv-radiation-on-secondary-metabolites-and-endogenous-hormones-of-soybean-leaves
#11
Bing Mao, Hong Yin, Yan Wang, Tian-Hong Zhao, Rong-Rong Tian, Wei Wang, Jia-Shu Ye
Enhanced ultraviolet radiation (UV) and elevated tropospheric ozone (O3) may individually cause reductions in the growth and productivity of important agricultural crops. However, research regarding their combined effects on important agricultural crops is still scarce, especially on changes in secondary metabolites and endogenous hormones, which are important protective substances and signal components that control plant responses to environment stresses. In this study, using an experimental setup of open top chambers, we monitored the responses of seed yield per plant, leaf secondary metabolites and leaf endogenous hormones under the stress of elevated O3 and enhanced UV radiation individually, as well as their combined stress...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806691/mercury-contamination-level-and-speciation-inventory-in-lakes-titicaca-uru-uru-bolivia-current-status-and-future-trends
#12
S Guédron, D Point, D Acha, S Bouchet, P A Baya, E Tessier, M Monperrus, C I Molina, A Groleau, L Chauvaud, J Thebault, E Amice, L Alanoca, C Duwig, G Uzu, X Lazarro, A Bertrand, S Bertrand, C Barbraud, K Delord, F M Gibon, C Ibanez, M Flores, P Fernandez Saavedra, M E Ezpinoza, C Heredia, F Rocha, C Zepita, D Amouroux
Aquatic ecosystems of the Bolivian Altiplano (∼3800 m a.s.l.) are characterized by extreme hydro-climatic constrains (e.g., high UV-radiations and low oxygen) and are under the pressure of increasing anthropogenic activities, unregulated mining, agricultural and urban development. We report here a complete inventory of mercury (Hg) levels and speciation in the water column, atmosphere, sediment and key sentinel organisms (i.e., plankton, fish and birds) of two endorheic Lakes of the same watershed differing with respect to their size, eutrophication and contamination levels...
August 11, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805058/energy-level-alignment-of-a-hole-transport-organic-layer-and-ito-towards-applications-for-organic-electronic-devices
#13
Quentin Arnoux, Anthony Boucly, Vincent Barth, Rabah Benbalagh, Albano Cossaro, Luca Floreano, Mathieu G Silly, Fausto Sirotti, Etienne Derat, Stephane Carniato, Fabrice Bournel, Jean-Jacques Gallet, Denis Fichou, Ludovic Tortech, Francois Rochet
2,2',6,6'-tetraphenyl-4,4'-dipyranylidene (DIPO-Ph4) was grown by vacuum-deposition on an indium tin oxide (ITO) substrate. The films were characterized by atomic force microscopy and synchrotron radiation UV and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy to gain an insight into the material growth and to better understand the electronic properties of the DIPO-Ph4/ITO interface. Results show formation of cationic DIPO-Ph4 at ITO interface with a charge transfer from the organic layer to the anode material. This has been confronted to DFT calculations...
August 14, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803974/influence-of-amylose-content-and-oxidation-level-of-potato-starch-on-acetylation-granule-structure-and-radicals-formation
#14
Sławomir Pietrzyk, Teresa Fortuna, Lesław Juszczak, Dorota Gałkowska, Małgorzata Bączkowicz, Maria Łabanowska, Magdalena Kurdziel
This study was aimed at determining the effect of the amylose content of starch and oxidation level of potato starch on the structure of starch granules, and susceptibility to chemical modification (acetylation) and subsequent generation of radicals. Potato starch and waxy potato starch were oxidised with sodium hypochlorite applied in doses corresponding to 10, 20, and 30gCl/kg starch, and then acetylated with acetic acid anhydride. The carboxyl, carbonyl, acetyl groups were determined in modified starches...
August 10, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801585/inputs-of-humic-fluorescent-dissolved-organic-matter-via-submarine-groundwater-discharge-to-coastal-waters-off-a-volcanic-island-jeju-korea
#15
Jeonghyun Kim, Guebuem Kim
The abundance of fluorescent dissolved organic matter (FDOM) in the surface ocean plays a critical role in the growth of marine microorganisms and corals by affecting the optical properties (i.e., the penetration of UV radiation) of seawater. In general, it is known that rivers are the main source of FDOM to surface ocean waters. Here, however, we show that the concentrations of FDOM in coastal seawater off a volcanic island, Jeju, Korea, are dependent primarily on submarine groundwater discharge (SGD). Based on a significant correlation between (222)Rn and salinity in seawater, fresh groundwater was found to be the main source of groundwater as well as fresh water in the bay...
August 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800961/functional-consequences-of-inducible-genetic-elements-from-the-p53-sos-response-in-a-mammalian-organ-system
#16
O'neil W Guthrie
In response to DNA damage from ultraviolet (UV) radiation, bacteria deploy the SOS response in order to limit cell death. This bacterial SOS response is characterized by an increase in the recA gene that transactivates expression of multiple DNA repair genes. The current series of experiments demonstrate that a mammalian organ system (the cochlea) that is not evolutionarily conditioned to UV radiation can elicit SOS responses that are reminiscent of that of bacteria. This mammalian SOS response is characterized by an increase in the p53 gene with activation of multiple DNA repair genes that harbor p53 response elements in their promoters...
August 8, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800107/sequestration-effect-on-the-open-cyclic-switchable-property-of-warfarin-induced-by-cyclodextrin-time-resolved-fluorescence-study
#17
Naji Al-Dubaili, Na'il Saleh
The excited-state lifetimes of the anticoagulant drug warfarin (W) in water and in the absence and presence of methyl-β-cyclodextrins (Me-β-CD) were recorded using time-resolved fluorescence measurements. Selective excitation of the open and cyclic protonated isomers of W were acquired with laser emitting diodes (LED) producing 320 and 280 nm excitation pulses, respectively. Formation of the inclusion complex was checked by UV-visible absorption spectroscopy, and the values of binding constants (2.9 × 10³ M(-1) and 4...
August 11, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798753/fine-mapping-of-a-gene-er4-1-that-causes-epidermal-reticulation-of-tomato-fruit-and-characterization-of-the-associated-transcriptome
#18
Lipeng Cui, Zhengkun Qiu, Zhirong Wang, Jianchang Gao, Yanmei Guo, Zejun Huang, Yongchen Du, Xiaoxuan Wang
The hydrophobic cuticle that covers the surface of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) fruit plays key roles in development and protection against biotic and abiotic stresses, including water loss, mechanical damage, UV radiation, pathogens, and pests. However, many details of the genes and regulatory mechanisms involved in cuticle biosynthesis in fleshy fruits are not well understood. In this study, we describe a novel tomato fruit phenotype, characterized by epidermal reticulation (ER) of green fruit and a higher water loss rate than wild type (WT) fruit...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798318/sunscreen-products-impair-the-early-developmental-stages-of-the-sea-urchin-paracentrotus-lividus
#19
Cinzia Corinaldesi, Elisabetta Damiani, Francesca Marcellini, Carla Falugi, Luca Tiano, Francesca Brugè, Roberto Danovaro
Marine ecosystems are increasingly threatened by the release of personal care products. Among them, sunscreens are causing concern either for the effects on skin protection from UV radiation and for the potential impacts on marine life. Here, we assessed the UVA protective efficacy of three sunscreens on human dermal fibroblasts, including two common products in Europe and USA, and an eco-friendly product. The sunscreens' effects were also tested on Paracentrotus lividus, a marine species possibly threatened by these contaminants...
August 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794813/cytocompatible-cell-encapsulation-via-hydrogel-photopolymerization-in-microfluidic-emulsion-droplets
#20
Bingzhao Xia, Zhongliang Jiang, Daniel Debroy, Dongmei Li, John Oakey
Encapsulating cells within biocompatible materials is a widely pursued and promising element of tissue engineering and cell-based therapies. Recently, extensive interest in microfluidic-enabled cell encapsulation has emerged as a strategy to structure hydrogels and establish custom cellular microenvironments. In particular, it has been shown that the microfluidic-enabled photoencapsulation of cells within PEG diacrylate (PEGDA)-based microparticles can be performed cytocompatibly within gas-permeable, nitrogen-jacketed polydimethylsiloxane microfluidic devices, which mitigate the oxygen inhibition of radical chain growth photopolymerization...
July 2017: Biomicrofluidics
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