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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125997/non-suicidal-self-injury-emotional-eating-and-insomnia-after-child-sexual-abuse-are-those-symptoms-related-to-emotion-regulation
#1
Esra Demirci
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article was to assess the effects of child sexual abuse (CSA) on emotion regulation (ER) in adolescents and to evaluate the relationships between non suicidal self-injury (NSSI), emotional eating, insomnia and emotion disregulation (ED). METHOD: Fifty two adolescents, aged 10-18 years, without who weren't diagnosed a psychiatric disease before abuse and completed 6-months of follow-up after abuse included the study. Control group consisted of 33 healthy voluntary participants without any known psychiatric disorders...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110024/parenting-style-and-mental-disorders-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-us-adolescents
#2
John David Eun, Diana Paksarian, Jian-Ping He, Kathleen Ries Merikangas
PURPOSE: We examined associations between parenting style and past-year mental disorders in a nationally representative cross-sectional survey of US adolescents and whether the associations differed by adolescent demographic characteristics. METHODS: The sample included 6483 adolescents aged 13-18 years who were interviewed for a full range of DSM-IV mental disorders. Parenting style was assessed by adolescent-reported maternal and paternal care and control using items from the Parental Bonding Instrument...
November 6, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079383/surgery-type-and-psychosocial-factors-contribute-to-poorer-weight-loss-outcomes-in-persons-with-a-body-mass-index-greater-than-60-kg-m-2
#3
Ryan J Marek, Gail A Williams, Samantha H Mohun, Leslie J Heinberg
BACKGROUND: The current investigation aims to predict 3-year postoperative percent total weight loss among a sample of bariatric surgery patients with super-super obesity. OBJECTIVE: Previous research implies that persons with presurgical super-super obesity (body mass index [BMI] ≥60 kg/m(2)) tend to have poorer loss outcomes compared with those with a lower presurgical BMI after bariatric surgery. SETTING: Cleveland Clinic, Bariatric & Metabolic Institute, Cleveland, OH...
September 14, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990206/child-maltreatment-and-eating-disorders-among-men-and-women-in-adulthood-results-from-a-nationally-representative-united-states-sample
#4
Tracie O Afifi, Jitender Sareen, Janique Fortier, Tamara Taillieu, Sarah Turner, Kristene Cheung, Christine A Henriksen
OBJECTIVE: Child maltreatment is associated with an increased likelihood of having mood disorders, anxiety disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder, substance use disorders, and personality disorders, but far less is known about eating disorders. The objective of the current study was to examine the associations between child maltreatment, including harsh physical punishment, physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, emotional neglect, physical neglect, and exposure to intimate partner violence, and eating disorders in adulthood among men and women...
October 9, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940217/military-related-trauma-is-associated-with-eating-disorder-symptoms-in-male-veterans
#5
Kimberly A Arditte Hall, Brooke A Bartlett, Katherine M Iverson, Karen S Mitchell
OBJECTIVE: Eating disorders are understudied among male veterans, who may be at increased risk due to the high rates of trauma exposure and experiences of multiple traumatization in this population. This study sought to examine the associations between specific types of trauma (i.e., childhood physical abuse, adult physical assault, childhood sexual abuse, adult sexual assault, and military-related trauma) and eating disorder symptoms in a large, nationally-representative sample of trauma-exposed male veterans...
September 23, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938897/consequences-of-child-emotional-abuse-emotional-neglect-and-exposure-to-intimate-partner-violence-for-eating-disorders-a-systematic-critical-review
#6
Melissa Kimber, Jill R McTavish, Jennifer Couturier, Alison Boven, Sana Gill, Gina Dimitropoulos, Harriet L MacMillan
BACKGROUND: Child maltreatment and eating disorders are significant public health problems. Yet, to date, research has focused on the role of child physical and sexual abuse in eating-related pathology. This is despite the fact that globally, exposure to emotional abuse, emotional neglect and intimate partner violence are the three of the most common forms of child maltreatment. The objective of the present study is to systematically identify and critically review the literature examining the association between child emotional abuse (EA), emotional neglect (EN), and exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV) and adult eating-disordered behavior and eating disorders...
September 22, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927864/anorexia-nervosa-and-childhood-sexual-abuse-treatment-outcomes-of-intensive-enhanced-cognitive-behavioural-therapy
#7
Simona Calugi, Cecilia Franchini, Silvia Pivari, Maddalena Conti, Marwan El Ghoch, Riccardo Dalle Grave
Sexual abuse has been widely studied as a risk factor in anorexia nervosa, but data on its influence on treatment outcomes are scarce. Hence, we compared short- and long-term outcomes of inpatient enhanced cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT-E) in patients with anorexia nervosa who had and had not suffered sexual abuse. Eighty-one patients were recruited, and body mass index (BMI), Eating Disorder Examination, Brief Symptom Inventory, and Work and Social Adjustment Scale scores were recorded before and after treatment, and at 6- and 12-month follow-ups...
September 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802938/impulse-control-and-related-disorders-in-parkinson-s-disease
#8
Daniel Weintraub, Daniel O Claassen
Impulse control disorders (ICDs), such as compulsive gambling, buying, sexual, and eating behaviors, are a serious and increasingly recognized complication in Parkinson's disease (PD), occurring in up to 20% of PD patients over the course of their illness. Related behaviors include punding (stereotyped, repetitive, purposeless behaviors), dopamine dysregulation syndrome (DDS) (compulsive medication overuse), and hobbyism (e.g., compulsive internet use, artistic endeavors, and writing). These disorders have a significant impact on quality of life and function, strain interpersonal relationships, and worsen caregiver burden, and are associated with significant psychiatric comorbidity...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682107/eating-disorder-symptoms-in-female-veterans-the-role-of-childhood-adult-and-military-trauma-exposure
#9
Kimberly A Arditte Hall, Brooke A Bartlett, Katherine M Iverson, Karen S Mitchell
OBJECTIVE: Eating disorders are understudied among female U.S. military veterans, who may be at increased risk due to their high rates of trauma exposure and trauma-related sequelae. The current study sought to examine whether different types of trauma in childhood and adulthood confer differential risk for eating disorder symptoms (EDSs) in this population. METHOD: We analyzed survey data from a sample of female Veterans Health Administration patients (N = 186) to examine the association between 5 trauma types (i...
July 6, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511822/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-and-the-dermatology-patient
#10
Madhulika A Gupta, Patricia Jarosz, Aditya K Gupta
Dermatologic symptoms can be associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in several situations: (1) as features of some core PTSD symptoms, such as intrusion symptoms manifesting as cutaneous sensory flashbacks, as autonomic arousal manifesting as night sweats and idiopathic urticaria, and as dissociation manifesting as numbness and dermatitis artefacta; (2) the cutaneous psychosomatic effects of emotional and physical neglect and sexual abuse (eg, infantile eczema, cutaneous self-injury, and body-focused repetitive behaviors such as trichotillomania and skin picking disorder) and eating disorders, which can have dermatologic effects; (3) the direct effect of physical or sexual abuse or catastrophic life events (eg, earthquakes) on the skin; and (4) as a result of significant alterations in hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal and sympatho-adrenal medullary axes, which can affect neuroendocrine and immune functions, and can lead to exacerbations of stress-reactive inflammatory dermatoses such as psoriasis, chronic urticaria, and atopic dermatitis...
May 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265299/self-reported-frequency-of-sex-as-self-injury-sasi-in-a-national-study-of-swedish-adolescents-and-association-to-sociodemographic-factors-sexual-behaviors-abuse-and-mental-health
#11
Cecilia Fredlund, Carl Göran Svedin, Gisela Priebe, Linda Jonsson, Marie Wadsby
BACKGROUND: Sex as self-injury has become a concept in Swedish society; however it is a largely unexplored area of research, not yet conceptualized and far from accepted in the research field. The use of sex as a way of affect regulation is known in the literature and has, in interviews with young women who sell sex, been compared to direct self-injury, such as cutting or burning the skin. The aim of this study was to investigate the self-reported frequency of sex as self-injury and the association to sociodemographic factors, sexual orientation, voluntary sexual experiences, sexual risk-taking behaviors, sexual, physical and mental abuse, trauma symptoms, healthcare for psychiatric disorders and non-suicidal self-injury...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168645/everything-in-moderation-moderate-use-of-screens-unassociated-with-child-behavior-problems
#12
Christopher J Ferguson
The impact of children's use of "screen" media including television and computer games, continues to be debated. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) until recently recommended a relatively restrictive screen time diet of 2 h or less for most youth. A representative correlational sample of youth were assessed for links between screen time and risky behavioral outcomes. Data collection occurred in 2013 conducted by the State of Florida. Use of screens that was moderately high, in excess of the AAP's former recommendations, but not excessive (1 SD or higher than average), was not associated with delinquency, risky behaviors, sexual behaviors, substance abuse, reduced grades or mental health problems...
February 7, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131947/cumulative-childhood-maltreatment-and-its-dose-response-relation-with-adult-symptomatology-findings-in-a-sample-of-adult-survivors-of-sexual-abuse
#13
Iris M Steine, Dagfinn Winje, John H Krystal, Bjørn Bjorvatn, Anne Marita Milde, Janne Grønli, Inger Hilde Nordhus, Ståle Pallesen
In the present study, we examined the role of cumulative childhood maltreatment experiences for several health related outcomes in adulthood, including symptoms of psychological distress as well as perceived social support and hardiness. The sample comprised adult survivors of sexual abuse (N=278, 95.3% women, mean age at first abusive incident=6.4 years). One-way ANOVAs revealed a statistically significant dose-response relation between cumulative childhood maltreatment scores and self-reported symptoms of posttraumatic stress (PTSS), anxiety, depression, eating disorders, dissociation, insomnia, nightmare related distress, physical pain, emotional pain, relational problems, self-harm behaviors as well as on a measure of symptom complexity...
March 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100288/childhood-maltreatment-and-eating-disorder-pathology-a-systematic-review-and-dose-response-meta-analysis
#14
M L Molendijk, H W Hoek, T D Brewerton, B M Elzinga
BACKGROUND: Meta-analyses have established a high prevalence of childhood maltreatment (CM) in patients with eating disorders (EDs) relative to the general population. Whether the prevalence of CM in EDs is also high relative to that in other mental disorders has not yet been established through meta-analyses nor to what extent CM affects defining features of EDs, such as number of binge/purge episodes or age at onset. Our aim is to provide meta-analyses on the associations between exposure to CM (i...
January 19, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095833/lifetime-and-12-month-prevalence-of-eating-disorders-amongst-women-in-mid-life-a-population-based-study-of-diagnoses-and-risk-factors
#15
Nadia Micali, Maria G Martini, Jennifer J Thomas, Kamryn T Eddy, Radha Kothari, Ellie Russell, Cynthia M Bulik, Janet Treasure
BACKGROUND: Eating disorders (EDs) are common amongst women; however, no research has specifically investigated the lifetime/12-month prevalence of eating disorders amongst women in mid-life (i.e., fourth and fifth decade of life) and the relevant longitudinal risk factors. We aimed to investigate the lifetime and 12-month prevalence of EDs and lifetime health service use and to identify childhood, parenting, and personality risk factors. METHODS: This is a two-phase prevalence study, nested within an existing longitudinal community-based sample of women in mid-life...
January 17, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012859/endogenous-opiates-and-behavior-2015
#16
REVIEW
Richard J Bodnar
This paper is the thirty-eighth consecutive installment of the annual review of research concerning the endogenous opioid system. It summarizes papers published during 2015 that studied the behavioral effects of molecular, pharmacological and genetic manipulation of opioid peptides, opioid receptors, opioid agonists and opioid antagonists. The particular topics that continue to be covered include the molecular-biochemical effects and neurochemical localization studies of endogenous opioids and their receptors related to behavior, and the roles of these opioid peptides and receptors in pain and analgesia, stress and social status, tolerance and dependence, learning and memory, eating and drinking, drug abuse and alcohol, sexual activity and hormones, pregnancy, development and endocrinology, mental illness and mood, seizures and neurologic disorders, electrical-related activity and neurophysiology, general activity and locomotion, gastrointestinal, renal and hepatic functions, cardiovascular responses, respiration and thermoregulation, and immunological responses...
February 2017: Peptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997235/familial-factors-victimization-and-psychological-health-among-sexual-minority-adolescents-in-sweden
#17
Kelly Donahue, Niklas Långström, Sebastian Lundström, Paul Lichtenstein, Mats Forsman
OBJECTIVES: To determine the influences of victimization experience and familial factors on the association between sexual minority status and psychological health outcomes among adolescents. METHODS: We used data from the Child and Adolescent Twin Study in Sweden, a prospective, population-based study of all twins born in Sweden since 1992. Cross-sectional analyses included individuals who completed assessments at age 18 years (n = 4898) from 2000 to 2013. We also compared psychological health among sexual minority adolescents and their nonminority co-twins...
February 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916220/preventive-and-primary-care-for-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-patients
#18
REVIEW
Sarah R Floyd, Deidre M Pierce, Stephen A Geraci
Among the minorities underserved by today׳s healthcare system, the lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) population may be the least studied, and the least understood by healthcare providers. High-quality evidence is often lacking regarding optimal preventive care measures, both in medical areas that (to date) fail to identify differences in need between LGB and heterosexual patients, and in those more prevalent in or more specific (or both) to sexual minorities. Issues of substance abuse, sexual health and sexually transmitted diseases, obesity and other eating disorders, cardiovascular prevention, cancer prevention and screening, depression and other psychological disorders, social isolation and personal and intimate partner violence are all as or more important to address in LGB patients as they are in the general American population...
December 2016: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871636/correlates-of-overweight-and-obesity-among-adolescents-with-bipolar-disorder-in-the-national-comorbidity-survey-adolescent-supplement-ncs-a
#19
Benjamin I Goldstein, Carlos Blanco, Jian-Ping He, Kathleen Merikangas
OBJECTIVE: Despite substantial evidence on the prevalence and correlates of overweight and obesity (OW/OB) in adults with bipolar disorder (BD), little is known about this topic in adolescents with BD. METHOD: The method consisted of the National Comorbidity Survey-Adolescent Supplement, a face-to-face survey of mental disorders from 2001 through 2004, using a modified version of the fully structured World Health Organization Composite International Diagnostic Interview...
December 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804994/associations-between-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-clinical-characteristics-of-eating-disorders
#20
S Guillaume, I Jaussent, L Maimoun, A Ryst, M Seneque, L Villain, D Hamroun, P Lefebvre, E Renard, Ph Courtet
Patients with eating disorders (EDs) frequently report a history of childhood trauma (CT). We investigated whether certain subtypes of CT are associated with more severe features of EDs, independently of psychiatric comorbidity, and whether they act additively. One hundred and ninety-two patients with DSM-V-defined EDs were consecutively recruited. Five clinical characteristics were assessed: restraint, eating, shape and weight concerns on the EDE-Q, and daily functioning. CT was assessed by the childhood traumatism questionnaire...
November 2, 2016: Scientific Reports
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