Read by QxMD icon Read

sexual abuse eating disorders

Vanja Rozenblat, Deborah Ong, Matthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Kirsti Akkermann, David Collier, Rutger C M E Engels, Fernando Fernandez-Aranda, Jaanus Harro, Judith R Homberg, Andreas Karwautz, Evelyn Kiive, Kelly L Klump, Christine L Larson, Sarah E Racine, Jodie Richardson, Howard Steiger, Scott F Stoltenberg, Tatjana van Strien, Gudrun Wagner, Janet Treasure, Isabel Krug
OBJECTIVES: To summarize and synthesize the growing gene x environment (GxE) research investigating the promoter region of the serotonin transporter gene (5-HTTLPR) in the eating disorders (ED) field, and overcome the common limitation of low sample size, by undertaking a systematic review followed by a secondary data meta-analysis of studies identified by the review. METHOD: A systematic review of articles using PsycINFO, PubMed, and EMBASE was undertaken to identify studies investigating the interaction between 5-HTTLPR and an environmental or psychological factor, with an ED-related outcome variable...
September 24, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
V Kravvariti, Fr Gonidakis
Women suffering from eating disorders, present considerable retardation and difficulties in their psychosexual development during adolescence. This leads to primary or secondary insufficiencies in their adult sexual life. The cause of these difficulties seems to be a series of biological, family and psychosocial factors. The majority of the research findings indicate that eating disorders have a negative impact on the patient's sexual function. The factors related to eating disorders symptomatology that influence sexuality are various and differ among each eating disorder diagnostic categories...
April 2016: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
Cerniglia Luca, Cimino Silvia, Ballarotto Giulia, Tambelli Renata
PURPOSE: Few studies have addressed the psychological characteristics of adolescents with binge eating disorder (BED). No research has focused on the psychological functioning of these adolescents' parents or on the prevalence of traumatic experiences among them. METHODS: In this study, 202 adolescents aged 11-13 and their parents were recruited from mental health clinics to complete the youth self-report (YSR), the response evaluation measure for youth (REM-71), the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20), the Symptom Check-List (SCL-90-R), and the traumatic experience checklist (TEC)...
July 20, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Annalisa M Pignatelli, Martien Wampers, Camillo Loriedo, Massimo Biondi, Johan Vanderlinden
Individuals with eating disorders (EDs) often report a history of early traumatization. Although great attention has been paid to certain types of trauma, such as sexual and emotional abuse, less is known about the occurrence of childhood neglect in individuals with EDs. The aim of the present meta-analysis is to provide an estimate of the prevalence of childhood emotional (EN) and physical neglect (PN) in individuals with EDs. A systematic literature search, a critical appraisal of the collected studies and a meta-analysis were conducted...
June 9, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
Ana Estévez, Nagore Ozerinjauregi, David Herrero-Fernández, Paula Jauregui
Child abuse is a traumatic experience that may have psychological consequences such as dysfunctional beliefs. The aim of this study was to analyze the impulsive behaviors (alcohol abuse, gambling, drug abuse, eating disorders, Internet abuse, videogame abuse, shopping and sex addiction) in sexual abuse survivors and to study the mediating role of early maladaptive schemas in the appearance of impulsive behaviors in adult female victims. The sample consisted of 182 adult women who had suffered childhood sexual abuse (CSA), mostly referred by associations for the treatment of childhood abuse and maltreatment...
April 24, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Linsey M Utzinger, Justine E Haukebo, Heather Simonich, Stephen A Wonderlich, Li Cao, Jason M Lavender, James E Mitchell, Scott G Engel, Ross D Crosby
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to empirically examine naturally occurring groups of individuals with bulimia nervosa (BN) based on their childhood trauma (CT) histories and to compare these groups on a clinically relevant external validator, borderline personality disorder (BPD) psychopathology. METHOD: This study examined the relationship between CT and BPD psychopathology among 133 women with BN using latent profile analysis (LPA) to classify participants based on histories of CT...
July 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Oliver G Bosch, Erich Seifritz
Gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) is a putative neurotransmitter, a drug of abuse, and a medical treatment for narcolepsy and other neuropsychiatric disorders. Its precursors gamma-butyrolactone (GBL) and 1,4-butanediol (1,4-BD) are endogenously converted to GHB and thereby exert their psychobehavioural effects. In humans, GHB has a wide spectrum of properties ranging from stimulation and euphoria in lower doses, to sedation, deep sleep, and coma after ingestion of high doses. However, behavioural studies in healthy volunteers remain scarce and are usually limited to psychomotor performance testing...
February 11, 2016: Brain Research Bulletin
Giovanni Castellini, Lorenzo Lelli, Valdo Ricca, Mario Maggi
The scientific community appears to be less interested in sexuality of eating disorders (EDs) as compared to other psychiatric or medical comorbidities. However, a clear association between sexual problems and ED psychopathology was reported from different perspectives. The overarching goal of this systematic review was to evaluate the general approach of the scientific literature toward the topic of sexuality and EDs. In particular, four different categories of research have been individuated, encompassing the role of puberty, and sexual abuse in the pathogenesis of the disorders, sexual dysfunctions, and the association between sexual orientation and EDs psychopathology...
February 2016: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
Erin N Schoenfelder, Scott H Kollins
Across the lifespan, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with increased health risk behaviors including substance abuse, binge eating and obesity, and unsafe sexual behavior. These risks are directly linked to the neurocognitive deficits associated with ADHD, and are also mediated by the cascade of psychosocial impairments and stressors caused by ADHD across development. However, little is known about optimal approaches to improve health outcomes in this high-risk population. This topical review provides an overview of health risks associated with ADHD and the limited existing research relevant to health promotion for children and adolescents with ADHD...
August 2016: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Jennifer E O'Brien, Wen Li, David L Burton
Using a large sample of adjudicated delinquent male youth (N = 696), we compared data from youth who had been adjudicated for sexually aggressive crimes and those who had been adjudicated for nonsexual offenses on eating dysfunction, body disapproval, history of sexual abuse, and pornography exposure. The sample included 526 (75.8%) youth adjudicated for sexual offenses and 170 (24.4%) youth adjudicated for nonsexual crimes. The average age of the sample was 16.8 years (SD = 1.6), and approximately half of the sample (47...
2015: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
Cherie Armour, Jana Műllerová, Shelley Fletcher, Susan Lagdon, Carol Rhonda Burns, Martin Robinson, Jake Robinson
PURPOSE: Previous research suggests that childhood maltreatment is associated with the onset of eating disorders (ED). In turn, EDs are associated with alternative psychopathologies such as depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and with suicidality. Moreover, it has been reported that various ED profiles may exist. The aim of the current study was to examine the profiles of disordered eating and the associations of these with childhood maltreatment and with mental health psychopathology...
March 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Sónia Gonçalves, Bárbara Machado, Cátia Silva, Ross D Crosby, Jason M Lavender, Li Cao, Paulo P P Machado
This study sought to examine predictors of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) in eating disorder patients and to evaluate the moderating role of purging behaviours in the relationship between a theorised predictor (i.e. sexual/physical abuse) and NSSI. Participants in this study were 177 female patients with eating disorders (age range = 14-38 years) who completed semistructured interviews assessing eating disorder symptoms and eating disorder-related risk factors (e.g. history of sexual and physical abuse, history of NSSI and feelings of fatness)...
March 2016: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
Maritza Rodríguez Guarín, Nelcy Rodríguez Malagón, Juanita Gempeler Rueda, Daniel Felipe Garzón
UNLABELLED: Suicide attempt (SA) and non-suicidal self-injurious behaviors (NSSI) have been described in patients with eating disorders (ED), and they have been associated with increased morbidity and poor prognosis. OBJECTIVES: To explore the presence of SA and NSSI in patients attending an outpatient ED program, as well as to evaluate the associated variables and the correlation between both types of behaviors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 908 patients of both sexes attending the Equilibrio outpatient program in Bogotá were studied...
2013: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
Richard J Bodnar
This paper is the thirty-seventh consecutive installment of the annual review of research concerning the endogenous opioid system. It summarizes papers published during 2014 that studied the behavioral effects of molecular, pharmacological and genetic manipulation of opioid peptides, opioid receptors, opioid agonists and opioid antagonists. The particular topics that continue to be covered include the molecular-biochemical effects and neurochemical localization studies of endogenous opioids and their receptors related to behavior (endogenous opioids and receptors), and the roles of these opioid peptides and receptors in pain and analgesia (pain and analgesia); stress and social status (human studies); tolerance and dependence (opioid mediation of other analgesic responses); learning and memory (stress and social status); eating and drinking (stress-induced analgesia); alcohol and drugs of abuse (emotional responses in opioid-mediated behaviors); sexual activity and hormones, pregnancy, development and endocrinology (opioid involvement in stress response regulation); mental illness and mood (tolerance and dependence); seizures and neurologic disorders (learning and memory); electrical-related activity and neurophysiology (opiates and conditioned place preferences (CPP)); general activity and locomotion (eating and drinking); gastrointestinal, renal and hepatic functions (alcohol and drugs of abuse); cardiovascular responses (opiates and ethanol); respiration and thermoregulation (opiates and THC); and immunological responses (opiates and stimulants)...
January 2016: Peptides
Afton M Koball, Susan M Himes, Leslie Sim, Matthew M Clark, Maria L Collazo-Clavell, Manpreet Mundi, Todd Kellogg, Karen Graszer, Karen B Grothe
INTRODUCTION/PURPOSE: Distress intolerance is characterized by a low threshold for negative emotional experiences and lack of emotion regulation and has been shown to predict various health outcomes. As such, the primary aim of this study was to determine the association between distress tolerance and psychological variables (eating behaviors, mood, substance use, trauma history), completion of bariatric surgery, and post-bariatric surgery weight loss outcomes and follow up with a provider...
July 2016: Obesity Surgery
Christina E Smith, Emily M Pisetsky, Stephen A Wonderlich, Ross D Crosby, James E Mitchell, Thomas E Joiner, Anna Bardone-Cone, Daniel Le Grange, Marjorie H Klein, Scott J Crow, Carol B Peterson
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the association between specific forms of childhood abuse and neglect with lifetime suicide attempts in women with bulimia nervosa (BN). METHODS: Two hundred and four women aged 18-65 (mean 25.6 years, SD 9.13) with full or subclinical BN were recruited in five US Midwestern communities and specialized eating disorder clinics. Participants completed questionnaires including the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) and self-reported whether they had ever had a lifetime suicide attempt...
June 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Manuela Caslini, Francesco Bartoli, Cristina Crocamo, Antonios Dakanalis, Massimo Clerici, Giuseppe Carrà
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to estimate the association between distinct types of child abuse--sexual (CSA), physical (CPA), and emotional (CEA)--and different eating disorders (EDs). METHODS: Electronic databases were searched through January 2014. Studies reporting rates of CSA, CPA, and CEA in people with anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), and binge eating disorder (BED), as compared with individuals without EDs, were included...
January 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
Antonello Colli, Anna Maria Speranza, Vittorio Lingiardi, Daniela Gentile, Valentina Nassisi, Mark J Hilsenroth
The aims of this study were to identify (a) patterns of clinicians' emotional responses to patients with eating disorders (ED); (b) patient, clinician, and treatment variables associated with therapist emotional responses; and (c) the influence of patient personality on therapist emotional responses. A random national sample of psychodynamic and cognitive-behavioral psychotherapists (N = 149) was asked to examine one patient (>18 years old) with an ED. Clinicians completed the SWAP-200, the Therapist Response Questionnaire, and the Clinical Questionnaire-Eating Disorder Form to provide general information about themselves, patients, and therapies...
November 2015: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Maria Rosaria Juli
The origin and course of eating disorders and nutrition have a multifactorial etiology and should therefore take into consideration: psychological factors, evolutionary, biological and socio-cultural (Juli 2012). Among the psychological factors we will focus on violence (in any form) and in particular on the consequences that they have on women, which vary in severity. Recent studies show that women get sick more than men, both from depression and eating disorders, with a ratio of 2:1; this difference begins in adolescence and continues throughout the course of life (Niolu 2010)...
September 2015: Psychiatria Danubina
Nicole Moulding
This article explores how women understand and experience the relationship between physical, sexual, and emotional abuse and the emergence of an eating disorder in their lives. The past three decades have seen increased attention to the links between abuse and eating disorders; however, the social contexts of abuse, the specific emotions involved, and how these might link to an eating disorder have not been explored. Through an in-depth interview study with 14 women, narrative-discursive analysis reveals how socially situated, abuse-related emotions, such as shame and self-contempt, can play out in an eating disorder and are located within social power relations framed primarily by gender but also by race and class...
December 2015: Violence Against Women
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"