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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544766/barriers-and-facilitators-of-mentoring-for-trainees-and-early-career-investigators-in-rheumatology-research-current-state-identification-of-needs-and-roadmap-to-an-inter-institutional-adult-rheumatology-mentoring-program
#1
Alexis Ogdie, Jeffrey A Sparks, Sheila T Angeles-Han, Kathleen Bush, Flavia V Castelino, Amit Golding, Yihui Jiang, J Michelle Kahlenberg, Alfred H J Kim, Yvonne C Lee, Kirthi Machireddy, Michael J Ombrello, Ami A Shah, Zachary S Wallace, Peter A Nigrovic, Una E Makris
OBJECTIVES: Determine perceived barriers and facilitators to effective mentoring for early career rheumatology investigators and develop a framework for an inter-institutional mentoring program. METHODS: Focus groups or interviews with rheumatology fellows, junior faculty, and mentors were conducted, audiotaped and transcribed. Content analysis was performed using NVivo software. Themes were grouped into categories (e.g., mentor-mentee relationship, barriers and facilitators of a productive relationship)...
May 23, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515227/frontline-science-eosinophil-deficient-mbp-1-and-epx-double-knockout-mice-link-pulmonary-remodeling-and-airways-dysfunction-with-type-2-inflammation
#2
Sergei I Ochkur, Alfred D Doyle, Elizabeth A Jacobsen, William E LeSuer, Wen Li, Cheryl A Protheroe, Katie R Zellner, Dana Colbert, HuaHao H Shen, Charlie G Irvin, James J Lee, Nancy A Lee
Eosinophils and the release of cationic granule proteins have long been implicated in the development of the type 2-induced pathologies linked with respiratory inflammation. Paradoxically, the ablation of the two genes encoding the most abundant of these granule proteins, major basic protein-1 (MBP-1) and eosinophil peroxidase (EPX), results in a near collapse of eosinophilopoiesis. The specificity of this lineage ablation and the magnitude of the induced eosinopenia provide a unique opportunity to clarify the importance of eosinophils in acute and chronic inflammatory settings, as well as to identify potential mechanism(s) of action linked with pulmonary eosinophils in those settings...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493371/effects-of-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-on-improvement-of-cognition-in-elderly-patients-with-cognitive-impairment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Calvin Pak Wing Cheng, Corine Sau Man Wong, Kelsey Kimyin Lee, Alfred Pui Kam Chan, Jerry Wing Fai Yeung, Wai Chi Chan
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to examine the effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on cognitive function in older patients with cognitive impairment. METHODS: A literature search was performed for articles published in English using the 10 databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, INSPEC, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature Plus, AMED, Biological Sciences, ClinicalTrials.gov, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews) from their inception to May 2016...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486895/severe-hyperkalaemia-complicating-parathyroidectomy-in-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease
#4
M Pauling, J C Lee, J W Serpell, S Wilson
We evaluated the incidence of perioperative hyperkalaemia in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients undergoing parathyroidectomy and investigated possible contributors to this phenomenon. This was a retrospective cohort study looking at patients who had undergone parathyroidectomy for chronic kidney disease-associated mineral bone disease (CKD-MBD) at The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, since 2001. Baseline demographics including age, gender, aetiology of renal failure and mode of renal replacement therapy as well as anaesthetic technique and duration of surgery were studied as possible contributors...
May 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443625/genome-wide-meta-analysis-of-241-258-adults-accounting-for-smoking-behaviour-identifies-novel-loci-for-obesity-traits
#5
Anne E Justice, Thomas W Winkler, Mary F Feitosa, Misa Graff, Virginia A Fisher, Kristin Young, Llilda Barata, Xuan Deng, Jacek Czajkowski, David Hadley, Julius S Ngwa, Tarunveer S Ahluwalia, Audrey Y Chu, Nancy L Heard-Costa, Elise Lim, Jeremiah Perez, John D Eicher, Zoltán Kutalik, Luting Xue, Anubha Mahajan, Frida Renström, Joseph Wu, Qibin Qi, Shafqat Ahmad, Tamuno Alfred, Najaf Amin, Lawrence F Bielak, Amelie Bonnefond, Jennifer Bragg, Gemma Cadby, Martina Chittani, Scott Coggeshall, Tanguy Corre, Nese Direk, Joel Eriksson, Krista Fischer, Mathias Gorski, Marie Neergaard Harder, Momoko Horikoshi, Tao Huang, Jennifer E Huffman, Anne U Jackson, Johanne Marie Justesen, Stavroula Kanoni, Leena Kinnunen, Marcus E Kleber, Pirjo Komulainen, Meena Kumari, Unhee Lim, Jian'an Luan, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Massimo Mangino, Ani Manichaikul, Jonathan Marten, Rita P S Middelberg, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, Pau Navarro, Louis Pérusse, Natalia Pervjakova, Cinzia Sarti, Albert Vernon Smith, Jennifer A Smith, Alena Stančáková, Rona J Strawbridge, Heather M Stringham, Yun Ju Sung, Toshiko Tanaka, Alexander Teumer, Stella Trompet, Sander W van der Laan, Peter J van der Most, Jana V Van Vliet-Ostaptchouk, Sailaja L Vedantam, Niek Verweij, Jacqueline M Vink, Veronique Vitart, Ying Wu, Loic Yengo, Weihua Zhang, Jing Hua Zhao, Martina E Zimmermann, Niha Zubair, Gonçalo R Abecasis, Linda S Adair, Saima Afaq, Uzma Afzal, Stephan J L Bakker, Traci M Bartz, John Beilby, Richard N Bergman, Sven Bergmann, Reiner Biffar, John Blangero, Eric Boerwinkle, Lori L Bonnycastle, Erwin Bottinger, Daniele Braga, Brendan M Buckley, Steve Buyske, Harry Campbell, John C Chambers, Francis S Collins, Joanne E Curran, Gert J de Borst, Anton J M de Craen, Eco J C de Geus, George Dedoussis, Graciela E Delgado, Hester M den Ruijter, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Anna L Eriksson, Tõnu Esko, Jessica D Faul, Ian Ford, Terrence Forrester, Karl Gertow, Bruna Gigante, Nicola Glorioso, Jian Gong, Harald Grallert, Tanja B Grammer, Niels Grarup, Saskia Haitjema, Göran Hallmans, Anders Hamsten, Torben Hansen, Tamara B Harris, Catharina A Hartman, Maija Hassinen, Nicholas D Hastie, Andrew C Heath, Dena Hernandez, Lucia Hindorff, Lynne J Hocking, Mette Hollensted, Oddgeir L Holmen, Georg Homuth, Jouke Jan Hottenga, Jie Huang, Joseph Hung, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Erik Ingelsson, Alan L James, John-Olov Jansson, Marjo-Riitta Jarvelin, Min A Jhun, Marit E Jørgensen, Markus Juonala, Mika Kähönen, Magnus Karlsson, Heikki A Koistinen, Ivana Kolcic, Genovefa Kolovou, Charles Kooperberg, Bernhard K Krämer, Johanna Kuusisto, Kirsti Kvaløy, Timo A Lakka, Claudia Langenberg, Lenore J Launer, Karin Leander, Nanette R Lee, Lars Lind, Cecilia M Lindgren, Allan Linneberg, Stephane Lobbens, Marie Loh, Mattias Lorentzon, Robert Luben, Gitta Lubke, Anja Ludolph-Donislawski, Sara Lupoli, Pamela A F Madden, Reija Männikkö, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Nicholas G Martin, Colin A McKenzie, Barbara McKnight, Dan Mellström, Cristina Menni, Grant W Montgomery, Aw Bill Musk, Narisu Narisu, Matthias Nauck, Ilja M Nolte, Albertine J Oldehinkel, Matthias Olden, Ken K Ong, Sandosh Padmanabhan, Patricia A Peyser, Charlotta Pisinger, David J Porteous, Olli T Raitakari, Tuomo Rankinen, D C Rao, Laura J Rasmussen-Torvik, Rajesh Rawal, Treva Rice, Paul M Ridker, Lynda M Rose, Stephanie A Bien, Igor Rudan, Serena Sanna, Mark A Sarzynski, Naveed Sattar, Kai Savonen, David Schlessinger, Salome Scholtens, Claudia Schurmann, Robert A Scott, Bengt Sennblad, Marten A Siemelink, Günther Silbernagel, P Eline Slagboom, Harold Snieder, Jan A Staessen, David J Stott, Morris A Swertz, Amy J Swift, Kent D Taylor, Bamidele O Tayo, Barbara Thorand, Dorothee Thuillier, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Andre G Uitterlinden, Liesbeth Vandenput, Marie-Claude Vohl, Henry Völzke, Judith M Vonk, Gérard Waeber, Melanie Waldenberger, R G J Westendorp, Sarah Wild, Gonneke Willemsen, Bruce H R Wolffenbuttel, Andrew Wong, Alan F Wright, Wei Zhao, M Carola Zillikens, Damiano Baldassarre, Beverley Balkau, Stefania Bandinelli, Carsten A Böger, Dorret I Boomsma, Claude Bouchard, Marcel Bruinenberg, Daniel I Chasman, Yii-DerIda Chen, Peter S Chines, Richard S Cooper, Francesco Cucca, Daniele Cusi, Ulf de Faire, Luigi Ferrucci, Paul W Franks, Philippe Froguel, Penny Gordon-Larsen, Hans-Jörgen Grabe, Vilmundur Gudnason, Christopher A Haiman, Caroline Hayward, Kristian Hveem, Andrew D Johnson, J Wouter Jukema, Sharon L R Kardia, Mika Kivimaki, Jaspal S Kooner, Diana Kuh, Markku Laakso, Terho Lehtimäki, Loic Le Marchand, Winfried März, Mark I McCarthy, Andres Metspalu, Andrew P Morris, Claes Ohlsson, Lyle J Palmer, Gerard Pasterkamp, Oluf Pedersen, Annette Peters, Ulrike Peters, Ozren Polasek, Bruce M Psaty, Lu Qi, Rainer Rauramaa, Blair H Smith, Thorkild I A Sørensen, Konstantin Strauch, Henning Tiemeier, Elena Tremoli, Pim van der Harst, Henrik Vestergaard, Peter Vollenweider, Nicholas J Wareham, David R Weir, John B Whitfield, James F Wilson, Jessica Tyrrell, Timothy M Frayling, Inês Barroso, Michael Boehnke, Panagiotis Deloukas, Caroline S Fox, Joel N Hirschhorn, David J Hunter, Tim D Spector, David P Strachan, Cornelia M van Duijn, Iris M Heid, Karen L Mohlke, Jonathan Marchini, Ruth J F Loos, Tuomas O Kilpeläinen, Ching-Ti Liu, Ingrid B Borecki, Kari E North, L Adrienne Cupples
Few genome-wide association studies (GWAS) account for environmental exposures, like smoking, potentially impacting the overall trait variance when investigating the genetic contribution to obesity-related traits. Here, we use GWAS data from 51,080 current smokers and 190,178 nonsmokers (87% European descent) to identify loci influencing BMI and central adiposity, measured as waist circumference and waist-to-hip ratio both adjusted for BMI. We identify 23 novel genetic loci, and 9 loci with convincing evidence of gene-smoking interaction (GxSMK) on obesity-related traits...
April 26, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433732/the-clinical-significance-of-an-estimated-fetal-weight-below-the-10th-centile-a-comparison-of-outcomes-between-5th-versus-5th-9th-centile
#6
Malgorzata Mlynarczyk, Suneet P Chauhan, Hind A Baydoun, Catherine M Wilkes, Kimberly R Earhart, Yili Zhao, Christopher Goodier, Eugene Chang, Nicole M Lee Plenty, E Kaitlyn Mize, Michelle Owens, Shilpa Babbar, Dev Maulik, Emily DeFranco, David McKinney, Alfred Z Abuhamad
BACKGROUND: The association between small for gestational age (SGA; birth weight < 10(th) centile for gestational age) and neonatal morbidity is well established. Yet there is a paucity of data on the relationship between suspected SGA (sonographic estimated fetal weight <10(th) centile), at two thresholds and subsequent neonatal morbidity. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between sonographic estimated fetal weight (SEFW) < 5(th) centile versus 5-9(th) centile and neonatal morbidity...
April 19, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424760/insights-into-local-tumor-microenvironment-immune-factors-associated-with-regression-of-cutaneous-melanoma-metastases-by-mycobacterium-bovis-bacille-calmette-gu%C3%A3-rin
#7
Junbao Yang, Maris S Jones, Romela Irene Ramos, Alfred A Chan, Agnes F Lee, Leland J Foshag, Peter A Sieling, Mark B Faries, Delphine J Lee
Mycobacterium bovis bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) is listed as an intralesional (IL) therapeutic option for inoperable stage III in-transit melanoma in the National Comprehensive Cancer Network Guidelines. Although the mechanism is unknown, others have reported up to 50% regression of injected lesions, and 17% regression of uninjected lesions in immunocompetent patients after direct injection of BCG into metastatic melanoma lesions in the skin. BCG and other mycobacteria express ligands capable of stimulating the γ9δ2 T cells...
2017: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424134/six-year-experience-of-outpatient-total-and-completion-thyroidectomy-at-a-single-academic-institution
#8
Ethan Frank, Joshua Park, Alfred Simental, Christopher Vuong, Steve Lee, Pedro Andrade Filho, Daniel Kwon, Yuan Liu
Outpatient thyroidectomy has become slowly accepted with various published reports predominantly examining partial or subtotal thyroidectomy. Concerns regarding the safety of outpatient total and completion thyroidectomy remain, especially with regard to vocal fold paralysis, hypocalcemia, and catastrophic hematoma. We aimed to evaluate the safety of outpatient thyroid surgery in a large cohort by retrospectively comparing outcomes in those who underwent outpatient (n = 251) versus inpatient (n = 291) completion or total thyroidectomy between February 2009 and February 2015...
April 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417112/lectin-type-oxidized-ldl-receptor-1-distinguishes-population-of-human-polymorphonuclear-myeloid-derived-suppressor-cells-in-cancer-patients
#9
Thomas Condamine, George A Dominguez, Je-In Youn, Andrew V Kossenkov, Sridevi Mony, Kevin Alicea-Torres, Evgenii Tcyganov, Ayumi Hashimoto, Yulia Nefedova, Cindy Lin, Simona Partlova, Alfred Garfall, Dan T Vogl, Xiaowei Xu, Stella C Knight, George Malietzis, Gui Han Lee, Evgeniy Eruslanov, Steven M Albelda, Xianwei Wang, Jawahar L Mehta, Meenakshi Bewtra, Anil Rustgi, Neil Hockstein, Robert Witt, Gregory Masters, Brian Nam, Denis Smirnov, Manuel A Sepulveda, Dmitry I Gabrilovich
Polymorphonuclear myeloid-derived suppressor cells (PMN-MDSC) are important regulators of immune responses in cancer and have been directly implicated in promotion of tumor progression. However, the heterogeneity of these cells and lack of distinct markers hampers the progress in understanding of the biology and clinical importance of these cells. Using partial enrichment of PMN-MDSC with gradient centrifugation we determined that low density PMN-MDSC and high density neutrophils from the same cancer patients had a distinct gene profile...
August 2016: Science Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325079/dietary-guidelines-for-the-asia-pacific-region
#10
Colin W Binns, Mi Kyung Lee, Masaharu Kagawa, Wah Yun Low, Qiu Liqian, Georgia S Guldan, Tomiko Hokama, Keiko Nanishi, Sreymom Oy, Li Tang, Alfred Zerfas
Nutrition is a major determinant of health throughout all stages of life and together with smoking is the most important risk factor for morbidity and mortality in the Asia Pacific Region. The workshop participants examined Dietary Guidelines and Food Guides that are in use in our region, together with additional materials from the World Health Organization, UNICEF and the World Cancer Research Foundation. The resulting set of guidelines is meant as a reminder of the main issues to be covered in a general public health education program...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315414/the-dynamics-of-hcv-specific-antibody-responses-in-hiv-hcv-patients-on-long-term-antiretroviral-therapy
#11
Silvia Lee, Alfred Laiman, Martyn A French, James Flexman, Mark W Watson, Patricia Price
Antibody responses have not been fully characterised in chronically HIV/HCV patients receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART). Seventeen HIV/HCV patients receiving ART were followed for a median (range) interval of 597 (186-766) weeks. Prior to ART, HIV/HCV patients had lower levels of antibodies reactive with HCV core and JFH-1, and lower genotype cross-reactive neutralising antibodies (nAb) titres, than HCV patients. Levels of JFH-1 reactive antibody increased on ART, irrespective of CD4(+) T-cell counts or changes in serum ALT levels...
March 14, 2017: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216473/five-year-results-from-a-prospective-multicentre-study-of-percutaneous-pulmonary-valve-implantation-demonstrate-sustained-removal-of-significant-pulmonary-regurgitation-improved-right-ventricular-outflow-tract-obstruction-and-improved-quality-of-life
#12
Alfred Hager, Stephan Schubert, Peter Ewert, Lars Søndergaard, Maarten Witsenburg, Paolo Guccione, Lee N Benson, José Suárez de Lezo, Te-Hsin Lung, John Hess, Andreas Eicken, Felix Berger
AIMS: Percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation (PPVI) is used to treat patients with dysfunctional pulmonary valve conduits. Short- and longer-term results from multiple trials have outlined haemodynamic improvements. Our aim was to report the long-term results, including quality of life, from a multicentre trial in Europe and Canada. METHODS AND RESULTS: From October 2007 to April 2009, 71 patients (24 female; median age 19.0 [IQR: 14.0 to 25.0] years) were enrolled in a prospective cohort study...
February 20, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216192/does-expert-opinion-match-the-operational-definition-of-the-lupus-low-disease-activity-state-lldas-a-case-based-construct-validity-study
#13
Vera Golder, Molla Huq, Kate Franklyn, Alicia Calderone, Aisha Lateef, Chak Sing Lau, Alfred Lok Hang Lee, Sandra Teresa V Navarra, Timothy Godfrey, Shereen Oon, Alberta Yik Bun Hoi, Eric Francis Morand, Mandana Nikpour
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the construct validity of the Lupus Low Disease Activity State (LLDAS), a treatment target in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: Fifty SLE case summaries based on real patients were prepared and assessed independently for meeting the operational definition of LLDAS. Fifty international rheumatologists with expertise in SLE, but with no prior involvement in the LLDAS project, responded to a survey in which they were asked to categorize the disease activity state of each case as remission, low, moderate, or high...
January 18, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211900/amyloid-%C3%AE-oligomers-interact-with-neurexin-and-diminish-neurexin-mediated-excitatory-presynaptic-organization
#14
Yusuke Naito, Yuko Tanabe, Alfred Kihoon Lee, Edith Hamel, Hideto Takahashi
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by excessive production and deposition of amyloid-beta (Aβ) proteins as well as synapse dysfunction and loss. While soluble Aβ oligomers (AβOs) have deleterious effects on synapse function and reduce synapse number, the underlying molecular mechanisms are not well understood. Here we screened synaptic organizer proteins for cell-surface interaction with AβOs and identified a novel interaction between neurexins (NRXs) and AβOs. AβOs bind to NRXs via the N-terminal histidine-rich domain (HRD) of β-NRX1/2/3 and alternatively-spliced inserts at splicing site 4 of NRX1/2...
February 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185619/diagnosis-of-latent-tuberculosis-infection
#15
Alfred A Lardizabal, Lee B Reichman
For 2015, tuberculosis (TB) incidence in the United States has plateaued at 3.0 per 100,000. This remains the lowest case rate since recording started. On the global level, although the TB epidemic is larger than previously estimated, TB deaths and incidence rate continue to fall. For both low and high incidence countries, accelerating the decline in TB incidence towards elimination goals requires that more emphasis be placed on strengthening systems for detection and treatment of latent TB infection (LTBI) in addition to improving TB care globally...
January 2017: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167600/schistosomiasis-and-human-immunodeficiency-virus-in-men-in-tanzania
#16
Jennifer A Downs, Claudia J de Dood, Hannah E Dee, Megan McGeehan, Hijab Khan, Abena Marenga, Patrick E Adel, Edward Faustine, Benson Issarow, Emmanuel F Kisanga, Godfrey Alfred Kisigo, Salvius Ngahyolerwa, Frank Zahoro, Donald Miyaye, Ruth Gideon Magawa, Julius Mngara, Myung Hee Lee, Paul L A M Corstjens, Govert J van Dam, Daniel W Fitzgerald
AbstractSchistosomiasis is a parasitic worm infection that affects over 260 million individuals worldwide. Women with schistosome infections have been demonstrated to have a 4-fold increase in the odds of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection compared with women without schistosome infections. A relationship between schistosome and HIV infections has not been clearly defined in men. Among 674 men aged 18-50 years living in rural Tanzania, we identified 429 (63.6%) who had a schistosome infection as defined by serum positivity for schistosome circulating anodic antigen, visualization of parasite eggs in urine or stool, or both...
April 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144752/novel-fam134b-mutations-and-their-clinicopathological-significance-in-colorectal-cancer
#17
Farhadul Islam, Vinod Gopalan, Riajul Wahab, Katherine Ting-Wei Lee, Md Hakimul Haque, Afraa Mamoori, Cu-Tai Lu, Robert A Smith, Alfred K-Y Lam
FAM134B is a putative tumour suppressor gene and no mutations in FAM134B have been reported in colorectal cancer (CRC) to date. This study aims to identify FAM134B mutation sites and the clinicopathological significance of the gene in patients with CRC. Eighty-eight colorectal cancers were studied for FAM134B mutations by Sanger sequencing. The mutations in these cancers were then tested for correlations with the clinical and pathological parameters of the studied cancers. In addition, mRNA and protein expression of FAM134B in colorectal cancers was examined by polymerase chain reaction, Western blots, and immunofluorescence analysis...
January 31, 2017: Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100280/erratum-to-the-whole-genome-sequence-of-the-mediterranean-fruit-fly-ceratitis-capitata-wiedemann-reveals-insights-into-the-biology-and-adaptive-evolution-of-a-highly-invasive-pest-species
#18
Alexie Papanicolaou, Marc F Schetelig, Peter Arensburger, Peter W Atkinson, Joshua B Benoit, Kostas Bourtzis, Pedro Castañera, John P Cavanaugh, Hsu Chao, Christopher Childers, Ingrid Curril, Huyen Dinh, HarshaVardhan Doddapaneni, Amanda Dolan, Shannon Dugan, Markus Friedrich, Giuliano Gasperi, Scott Geib, Georgios Georgakilas, Richard A Gibbs, Sarah D Giers, Ludvik M Gomulski, Miguel González-Guzmán, Ana Guillem-Amat, Yi Han, Artemis G Hatzigeorgiou, Pedro Hernández-Crespo, Daniel S T Hughes, Jeffery W Jones, Dimitra Karagkouni, Panagiota Koskinioti, Sandra L Lee, Anna R Malacrida, Mosè Manni, Kostas Mathiopoulos, Angela Meccariello, Monica Munoz-Torres, Shwetha C Murali, Terence D Murphy, Donna M Muzny, Georg Oberhofer, Félix Ortego, Maria D Paraskevopoulou, Monica Poelchau, Jiaxin Qu, Martin Reczko, Hugh M Robertson, Andrew J Rosendale, Andrew E Rosselot, Giuseppe Saccone, Marco Salvemini, Grazia Savini, Patrick Schreiner, Francesca Scolari, Paolo Siciliano, Sheina B Sim, George Tsiamis, Enric Ureña, Ioannis S Vlachos, John H Werren, Ernst A Wimmer, Kim C Worley, Antigone Zacharopoulou, Stephen Richards, Alfred M Handler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2017: Genome Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097617/rates-and-covariates-of-recent-sexual-and-physical-violence-against-hiv-infected-outpatient-drinkers-in-western-kenya
#19
Rebecca K Papas, Benson N Gakinya, Michael M Mwaniki, Hana Lee, Stella W Kiarie, Steve Martino, Michelle P Loxley, Alfred K Keter, Debra A Klein, John E Sidle, Joyce B Baliddawa, Stephen A Maisto
Victimization from physical and sexual violence presents global health challenges. Partner violence is higher in Kenya than Africa. Violence against drinkers and HIV-infected individuals is typically elevated, so dual vulnerabilities may further augment risk. Understanding violence risks can improve interventions. Participants were 614 HIV-infected outpatient drinkers in western Kenya enrolled in a randomized trial to reduce alcohol use. At baseline, past 90-day partner physical and sexual violence were examined descriptively and in gender-stratified regression models...
January 17, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067906/prophage-mediated-defence-against-viral-attack-and-viral-counter-defence
#20
Rebekah M Dedrick, Deborah Jacobs-Sera, Carlos A Guerrero Bustamante, Rebecca A Garlena, Travis N Mavrich, Welkin H Pope, Juan C Cervantes Reyes, Daniel A Russell, Tamarah Adair, Richard Alvey, J Alfred Bonilla, Jerald S Bricker, Bryony R Brown, Deanna Byrnes, Steven G Cresawn, William B Davis, Leon A Dickson, Nicholas P Edgington, Ann M Findley, Urszula Golebiewska, Julianne H Grose, Cory F Hayes, Lee E Hughes, Keith W Hutchison, Sharon Isern, Allison A Johnson, Margaret A Kenna, Karen K Klyczek, Catherine M Mageeney, Scott F Michael, Sally D Molloy, Matthew T Montgomery, James Neitzel, Shallee T Page, Marie C Pizzorno, Marianne K Poxleitner, Claire A Rinehart, Courtney J Robinson, Michael R Rubin, Joseph N Teyim, Edwin Vazquez, Vassie C Ware, Jacqueline Washington, Graham F Hatfull
Temperate phages are common, and prophages are abundant residents of sequenced bacterial genomes. Mycobacteriophages are viruses that infect mycobacterial hosts including Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium smegmatis, encompass substantial genetic diversity and are commonly temperate. Characterization of ten Cluster N temperate mycobacteriophages revealed at least five distinct prophage-expressed viral defence systems that interfere with the infection of lytic and temperate phages that are either closely related (homotypic defence) or unrelated (heterotypic defence) to the prophage...
January 9, 2017: Nature Microbiology
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