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John Weaver, Ke Jian Liu
Stroke, one of the most debilitating cerebrovascular and nuerological diseases, is a serious life-threatening condition and a leading cause of long-term adult disability and brain damage, either directly or by secondary complications. Most effective treatments for stroke are time dependent such as the only FDA-approved therapy, reperfusion with tissue-type plasminogen activator; thus, improving tissue oxygenation with normobaric hyperoxia (NBO) has been considered a logical and potential important therapy. NBO is considered a good approach because of its potential clinical advantages, and many studies suggest that NBO is neuroprotective, reducing ischemic brain injury and infarct volume in addition to improving pathologic and neurobehavorial outcomes...
2015: Medical Gas Research
Sheerin Mathur, Harriet Syme, Cathy A Brown, Jonathan Elliot, Phillip A Moore, Melvin A Newell, John S Munday, Leslie M Cartier, Suzanne E Sheldon, Scott A Brown
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether amlodipine besylate decreases systemic arterial blood pressure (BP) and reduces the prevalence of complications in cats with induced hypertensive renal insufficiency. ANIMALS: 20 cats with partial nephrectomy. PROCEDURE: Following reduction in renal mass, 10 cats were administered 0.25 mg of amlodipine/kg, PO, q 24 h (group A). Ten cats served as a control group (group C). Systolic BP (SBP), diastolic BP (DBP), and mean BP (MBP), physical activity, and pulse rate were measured continuously for 36 days by use of radiotelemetric devices...
June 2002: American Journal of Veterinary Research
Donna C Bergen
Information about the global distribution, number, and training of neurologists and other neuro-specialists is vital for the planning of prevention, care, and treatment of disorders of the nervous system, which are a major cause of death and disability worldwide. Delegates of the World Federation of Neurology (WFN) were surveyed about the number, training, and location of neurologists in their countries. Sixty-three out of 84 responded (75%). Most neurologists receive full-time training in neurology, but pass an examination or board in neurology in only 41/63 (65%) of countries...
June 15, 2002: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
E O Jøogensen, A Malchow-Møller
The monitoring and predictive value of the electroencephalography (EEG) and neurological signs was evaluated in 125 patients who had sustained critical brain ischaemia during circulatory arrest of primary cardiovascular aetiology. Cranial nerve areflexia with mydriasis or extension of the upper limb in response to cutaneous stimulation reliably indicated brain death and appearance of the flexion reflex or of intermittent spikes and sharp waves in the EEG predicted an unfavourable outcome; but other EEG configurations and nuerological signs per se were inaccurate variables to assess the outcome...
June 1981: Resuscitation
L Agostini, M Piccirilli, S Ricci
A 68 years old man affected by parkinson's disease for four years suddenly developed symptoms of a motor neuron disease. He also had a defect of his visual-spatial ability with an intra cerebral calcifications in right parieto-temporo-occipital region. The AA. discuss the nosological aspects of this case and do not accept the possibility of a chance occurrence of the two systemic degenerative diseases and favour a unification of nuerological abiotrophic diseases.
May 1977: Rivista di Patologia Nervosa e Mentale
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