keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Ocd treatment

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078209/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-co-occurring-with-psychosis-systematic-review-of-evidence
#1
Antonio Tundo, Roberta Necci
AIM: To review available evidence on the use of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for treating obsessive compulsive disorder co-occurring with psychosis. METHODS: In this paper we present a detailed and comprehensive review of the current literature focusing on CBT treatment of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) co-occurring with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder. We identified relevant literature published between 2001 and May 2016 through MEDLINE/PubMed search using as search string ("obsessive compulsive disorders" or "obsessive compulsive symptoms") and ("schizophrenia" or "schizoaffective disorder" or "psychosis") and ("cognitive behavioural therapy")...
December 22, 2016: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070247/effectiveness-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-and-fluoxetine-on-sexual-function-of-women-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Zahra Sabetnejad, Fatemeh Assarian, Abdollah Omidi, Mohammad Reza Najarzadegan
BACKGROUND: Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a mental health concern due to its various negative consequences, especially in sexual function. Therefore, the treatment of sexual dysfunction in women with OCD is important in order to improve the patient's marital function and mental health. OBJECTIVES: To compare the sexual behavior and sexual and marital satisfaction in women with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) before and after treatment with fluoxetine and cognitive behavior therapy...
November 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070119/ocd-like-behavior-is-caused-by-dysfunction-of-thalamo-amygdala-circuits-and-upregulated-trkb-erk-mapk-signaling-as-a-result-of-spred2-deficiency
#3
M Ullrich, M Weber, A M Post, S Popp, J Grein, M Zechner, H Guerrero González, A Kreis, A G Schmitt, N Üçeyler, K-P Lesch, K Schuh
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a common neuropsychiatric disease affecting about 2% of the general population. It is characterized by persistent intrusive thoughts and repetitive ritualized behaviors. While gene variations, malfunction of cortico-striato-thalamo-cortical (CSTC) circuits, and dysregulated synaptic transmission have been implicated in the pathogenesis of OCD, the underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown. Here we show that OCD-like behavior in mice is caused by deficiency of SPRED2, a protein expressed in various brain regions and a potent inhibitor of Ras/ERK-MAPK signaling...
January 10, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066002/management-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-comorbid-with-bipolar-disorder
#4
REVIEW
Firoz Kazhungil, E Mohandas
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is one of the most common comorbidities in bipolar disorder (BD). Clinicians often get perplexed in making treatment decisions when encountering comorbid OCD and BD as treatment of OCD by pharmacotherapy may induce or exacerbate mood instability and psychotherapeutic approaches for OCD may not be feasible in acute manic or depressive state of BD. In this study, we reviewed literature, whether existing guideline-based treatments of BD may be effective in OCD and whether newer agents will be of use for treating this comorbidity...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065178/investigating-the-role-of-anticipatory-reward-and-habit-strength-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#5
Gabriela M Ferreira, Murat Yücel, Andrew Dawson, Valentina Lorenzetti, Leonardo F Fontenelle
: Aims To determine the rates and associated illness characteristics of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) patients who describe their symptoms as either rewarding or habitual. METHODS: Seventy-three treatment-seeking OCD patients had their dominant compulsive behavior assessed with a structured interview (the Temporal Impulsive-Compulsive Scale-Revised) to track the progression of rewarding (ie, gain in positive affect), aversive (ie, decrease in negative affect), and neutral (or non-affective) states and a self-report scale (the Self-Report Habit Index) to evaluate their habitual features...
January 9, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044255/mavoglurant-augmentation-in-ocd-patients-resistant-to-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-a-proof-of-concept-randomized-placebo-controlled-phase-2-study
#6
Daniel Rutrick, Dan J Stein, Ganesan Subramanian, Brian Smith, Maurizio Fava, Gregor Hasler, Jang-Ho Cha, Fabrizio Gasparini, Toni Donchev, Magdalena Ocwieja, Donald Johns, Baltazar Gomez-Mancilla
INTRODUCTION: To determine if mavoglurant (modified release) as an augmentation therapy to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) could have beneficial effects reducing Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS) total score in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) resistant to SSRI treatment. METHODS: This was a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, phase 2 study. Patients remained on their SSRI treatment and mavoglurant or placebo was added on...
January 2, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032202/pediatric-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-with-tic-symptoms-clinical-presentation-and-treatment-outcome
#7
Davíð R M A Højgaard, Gudmundur Skarphedinsson, Judith Becker Nissen, Katja A Hybel, Tord Ivarsson, Per Hove Thomsen
: Some studies have shown that children and adolescents with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and co-morbid tics differ from those without co-morbid tics in terms of several demographic and clinical characteristics. However, not all studies have confirmed these differences. This study examined children and adolescents with OCD and with possible or definite tic specifiers according to the DSM-5 in order to see whether they differ from patients without any tic symptoms regarding clinical presentation and outcome of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)...
December 28, 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024845/switching-between-internally-and-externally-focused-attention-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-abnormal-visual-cortex-activation-and-connectivity
#8
Emily R Stern, Alexandra F Muratore, Stephan F Taylor, James L Abelson, Patrick R Hof, Wayne K Goodman
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is characterized by excessive absorption with internally-generated distressing thoughts and urges, with difficulty incorporating external information running counter to their fears and concerns. In the present study, we experimentally probed this core feature of OCD through the use of a novel attention switching task that investigates transitions between internally focused (IF) and externally focused (EF) attentional states. Eighteen OCD patients and 18 controls imagined positive and negative personal event scenarios (IF state) or performed a color-word Stroop task (EF state)...
August 19, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002760/evaluating-filterability-of-different-types-of-sludge-by-statistical-analysis-the-role-of-key-organic-compounds-in-extracellular-polymeric-substances
#9
Keke Xiao, Yun Chen, Xie Jiang, Yan Zhou
An investigation was conducted for 20 different types of sludge in order to identify the key organic compounds in extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) that are important in assessing variations of sludge filterability. The different types of sludge varied in initial total solids (TS) content, organic composition and pre-treatment methods. For instance, some of the sludges were pre-treated by acid, ultrasonic, thermal, alkaline, or advanced oxidation technique. The Pearson's correlation results showed significant correlations between sludge filterability and zeta potential, pH, dissolved organic carbon, protein and polysaccharide in soluble EPS (SB EPS), loosely bound EPS (LB EPS) and tightly bound EPS (TB EPS)...
December 9, 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994542/the-retrograde-connections-and-anatomical-segregation-of-the-g%C3%A3-ttingen-minipig-nucleus-accumbens
#10
Anders C Meidahl, Dariusz Orlowski, Jens C H Sørensen, Carsten R Bjarkam
Nucleus accumbens (NAcc) has been implicated in several psychiatric disorders such as treatment resistant depression (TRD), and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and has been an ongoing experimental target for deep brain stimulation (DBS) in both rats and humans. In order to translate basic scientific results from rodents to the human setting a large animal model is needed to thoroughly study the effect of such therapeutic interventions. The aim of the study was, accordingly, to describe the basic anatomy of the Göttingen minipig NAcc and its retrograde connections...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroanatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993223/therapist-guided-internet-delivered-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-adolescents-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a%C3%A2-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Fabian Lenhard, Erik Andersson, David Mataix-Cols, Christian Rück, Sarah Vigerland, Jens Högström, Maria Hillborg, Gustaf Brander, Mari Ljungström, Brjánn Ljótsson, Eva Serlachius
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is the first-line treatment for young people with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), but most patients do not have access to this treatment. Thus, innovative ways to increase the accessibility of CBT are needed. The objective of this trial was to evaluate the efficacy of therapist-guided internet-based CBT (ICBT) for adolescents with OCD. METHOD: Sixty-seven adolescents (12-17 years old) with OCD were randomly assigned to a 12-week clinician- and parent-supported ICBT program (BiP OCD) or a waitlist condition...
January 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988419/health-anxiety-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-and-obsessive-compulsive-symptoms-in-severe-health-anxiety-an-investigation-of-symptom-profiles
#12
Erik Hedman, Brjánn Ljótsson, Erland Axelsson, Gerhard Andersson, Christian Rück, Erik Andersson
Severe health anxiety (SHA) shares features with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and in recent years there has been a debate as to whether the two disorders may represent two facets of the same condition. Few studies have however investigated the overlap and differences in symptom profiles between the disorders. The primary aim of the present study was to investigate these aspects using one sample of participants with a principal diagnosis of SHA and one sample of participants with a principal OCD diagnosis...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973995/comparison-between-hpsec-ocd-and-f-eems-for-assessing-dbps-formation-in-water
#13
Euis Nurul Hidayah, Yung-Chen Chou, Hsuan-Hsien Yeh
In this study, natural organic matter (NOM) in source water, as well as the treated water after coagulation with or without potassium permanganate (KMnO4) preoxidation, was characterized by using high performance size exclusion chromatography with organic carbon detector (HPSEC-OCD) and fluorescence excitation emission matrices (F-EEMs) with parallel factor (PARAFAC) analysis. Bulk parameters, such as dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and ultraviolet light absorbance at 254 nm (UV254), were also analyzed. The results show that KMnO4 preoxidation caused the breakdown of high molecular weight (MW) organics into low MW organics...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960103/examining-heterogeneity-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-evidence-for-subgroups-based-on-motivations
#14
Laura B Bragdon, Meredith E Coles
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a heterogeneous illness and evidence suggests that different clinical characteristics may relate to varying treatment outcomes. This study was designed to identify subgroups based on core motivational domains in a clinical sample of individuals with OCD, and to compare groups on clinical characteristics. Cluster analyses identified four subgroups including groups with relatively high or low levels of both harm avoidance (HA) and incompleteness (INC) motivations. A subgroup was identified that demonstrated a "traditional profile" marked by high motivation to avoid harm, and elevated levels of beliefs about responsibility/overestimation of threat...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930748/six-nine-year-follow-up-of-deep-brain-stimulation-for-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#15
Sarah M Fayad, Andrew G Guzick, Adam M Reid, Dana M Mason, Agustina Bertone, Kelly D Foote, Michael S Okun, Wayne K Goodman, Herbert E Ward
OBJECTIVE: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the ventral capsule/ventral striatum (VC/VS) region has shown promise as a neurosurgical intervention for adults with severe treatment-refractory obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Pilot studies have revealed improvement in obsessive-compulsive symptoms and secondary outcomes following DBS. We sought to establish the long-term safety and effectiveness of DBS of the VC/VS for adults with OCD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A long term follow-up study (73-112 months) was conducted on the six patients who were enrolled in the original National Institute of Mental Health pilot study of DBS for OCD...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901303/diagnostic-masking-and-overshadowing-in-intellectual-disability-how-structured-evaluation-helps
#16
Harshini Manohar, Karthick Subramanian, Preeti Kandasamy, Venkatalakshmi Penchilaiya, Anandbabu Arun
PROBLEM: Comorbid psychiatric diagnoses tend to be underdiagnosed in patients with intellectual disability. Diagnosing anxiety disorders in such patients can pose challenges, in particular with regard to obsessive and compulsive disorder (OCD). METHODS: We present the case of an adolescent diagnosed with intellectual disability with poor expressive language skills who presented with nonspecific mood and behavioral symptoms, not improving with routine clinical evaluations and treatment...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901245/transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-for-treatment-resistant-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-report-on-two-cases-and-proposal-for-a-randomized-sham-controlled-trial
#17
Renata de Melo Felipe da Silva, André Russowsky Brunoni, Eurípedes Constantino Miguel, Roseli Gedanke Shavitt
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Neuromodulation techniques for treating obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) have expanded through greater understanding of the brain circuits involved in this disorder. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), a non-invasive technique, has been studied as an alternative for treatment-resistant OCD. We describe the design of a clinical trial using tDCS for OCD and report on the outcomes from two patients with primary OCD who were resistant to cognitive-behavioral therapy and to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, and who received tDCS in an open manner during the training phase for the study procedures...
September 2016: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900309/from-loose-body-to-osteochondritis-dissecans-a-historical-account-of-disease-definition
#18
Vittorio Tarabella, Giuseppe Filardo, Berardo DI Matteo, Luca Andriolo, Patrizia Tomba, Anna Viganò, Maurilio Marcacci
Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) is a rare yet fascinating disease affecting young, active patients. It remains a 'mysterious disease' whose etiopathology, still unclear, is the subject of ongoing studies aiming improving the knowledge of this condition and, therefore, treatment options, too. Even though the first descriptions of intra-articular loose bodies date back to very ancient times, it is only relatively recently that, thanks to the contribution of some very eminent physicians, it became recognized as a specific orthopaedic condition...
July 2016: Joints
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890540/association-of-plasma-calcium-concentrations-with-alcohol-craving-new-data-on-potential-pathways
#19
Rilana Schuster, Anne Koopmann, Martin Grosshans, Iris Reinhard, Rainer Spanagel, Falk Kiefer
Recently, calcium was suggested to be the active moiety of acamprosate. We examined plasma calcium concentrations in association with severity of alcohol dependence and its interaction with regulating pathways and alcohol craving in alcohol-dependent patients. 47 inpatient alcohol-dependent patients undergoing detoxification treatment underwent laboratory testing, including calcium, sodium, liver enzymes as well as serum concentrations of calcitonin, parathyroid hormone and vitamin D. The psychometric dimension of craving was analyzed with the Obsessive Compulsive Drinking Scale (OCDS)...
November 24, 2016: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887679/-mindfulness-based-interventions-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-mechanisms-of-action-and-presentation-of-a-pilot-study
#20
M Gasnier, A Pelissolo, G Bondolfi, S Pelissolo, M Tomba, L Mallet, K N'diaye
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a frequent and severe disease, potentially inducing a major impairment for the patient and burden for their family. Recent research in psychiatry and neuroscience have led to better comprehension of the disease's mechanisms and helped to improve its treatment. However, a large proportion of patients have refractory symptoms, including for traditional cognitive and behavioral therapy by exposure and response prevention (ERP), leading clinicians to look for new treatments...
November 22, 2016: L'Encéphale
keyword
keyword
104930
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"