keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

bowl disease

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182894/evaluating-the-evidence-for-more-frequent-than-annual-hiv-screening-of-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-united-states-results-from-a-systematic-review-and-cdc-expert-consultation
#1
Elizabeth A DiNenno, Joseph Prejean, Kevin P Delaney, Kristina Bowles, Tricia Martin, Amrita Tailor, Gema Dumitru, Mary M Mullins, Angela Hutchinson, Amy Lansky
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommended in 2006 that sexually active gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) be screened for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) at least annually. A workgroup comprising CDC and external experts conducted a systematic review of the literature, including benefits, harms, acceptability, and feasibility of annual versus more frequent screening among MSM, to determine whether evidence was sufficient to change the current recommendation. Four consultations with managers of public and nonprofit HIV testing programs, clinics, and mathematical modeling experts were conducted to provide input on the programmatic and scientific evidence...
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164169/tuberculosis-patients-who-are-a-potential-source-for-unprotected-exposure-in-health-care-systems-a-multicenter-case-control-study
#2
Jose Cadena, Norys A Castro-Pena, Heta Javeri, Brian Hernandez, Joel Michalek, Ana Fuentes Arzola, Miloni Shroff, Chetan Jinadatha, Gustavo Valero, Jason Bowling, Jean Przykucki, Michele Adams, James Jorgensen, Jan E Patterson, Pranavi Sreeramoju
Setting: Five health care systems in Texas. Objective: To describe the epidemiology of inadequate isolation for pulmonary tuberculosis leading to tuberculosis (TB) exposures from confirmed TB patients and the patient factors that led to the exposures. Design: A retrospective cohort and case-control study of adult patients with TB resulting in exposures (cases) vs those TB patients who did not result in exposures (controls) during January 2005 to December 2012...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158079/bone-metastases-as-the-only-metastatic-site-in-patients-with-urothelial-carcinoma-focus-on-a-special-patient-population
#3
Andrea Necchi, Gregory R Pond, Sumanta K Pal, Neeraj Agarwal, Daniel W Bowles, Elizabeth R Plimack, Evan Y Yu, Sylvain Ladoire, Jack Baniel, Simon Crabb, Gunter Niegisch, Sandy Srinivas, Dominik R Berthold, Jonathan E Rosenberg, Thomas Powles, Aristotelis Bamias, Lauren C Harshman, Joaquim Bellmunt, Matthew D Galsky
BACKGROUND: Patients with exclusive bone metastatic spread from urothelial carcinoma (UC) throughout their disease course represent a rare subgroup with unique clinical features. These patients deserved special consideration in a retrospective multicenter study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Analyses were made from a pool of 1911 patients with a diagnosis of metastatic UC, from 23 centers. Baseline characteristics, access to treatment, and outcomes were analyzed according to metastatic spread...
November 1, 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134629/proton-pump-inhibitor-use-and-dementia-risk-prospective-population-based-study
#4
Shelly L Gray, Rod L Walker, Sascha Dublin, Onchee Yu, Erin J Aiello Bowles, Melissa L Anderson, Paul K Crane, Eric B Larson
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether higher cumulative proton pump inhibitor (PPI) exposure is associated with greater dementia risk. DESIGN: Prospective population-based cohort study. SETTING: Kaiser Permanente Washington, an integrated healthcare delivery system in Seattle, Washington. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 65 and older without dementia at study entry (N = 3,484). MEASUREMENTS: Participants were screened for dementia every 2 years, and those who screened positive underwent extensive evaluation...
November 14, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121979/platelet-inhibition-during-ticagrelor-monotherapy-versus-ticagrelor-plus-aspirin-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease-template-study-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Sarah Baos, Wendy Underwood, Lucy Culliford, Barnaby C Reeves, Chris A Rogers, Ruth Bowles, Tom Johnson, Andreas Baumbach, Andrew Mumford
BACKGROUND: Dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) with aspirin (ASP) and a P2Y12 blocker is currently standard care after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with stent insertion, and aims to inhibit platelet function in order to prevent stent thrombosis. The P2Y12 blocker ticagrelor (TIC) has greater antiplatelet effect than the previously used members of this class, such as clopidogrel. In healthy volunteers, TIC is sufficient to cause strong platelet inhibition, with little additional effect from ASP...
November 9, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031566/high-nrf2-expression-controls-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-induced-apoptosis-in-multiple-myeloma
#6
Yu Sun, Amina Abdul Aziz, Kristian Bowles, Stuart Rushworth
Multiple myeloma (MM) is an incurable disease characterized by clonal plasma cell proliferation. The stress response transcription factor Nuclear factor erythroid 2 [NF-E2]-related factor 2 (NRF2) is known to be activated in MM in response to proteasome inhibitors (PI). Here, we hypothesize that the transcription factor NRF2 whose physiological role is to protect cells from reactive oxygen species via the regulation of drug metabolism and antioxidant gene plays an important role in MM cells survival and proliferation...
October 13, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019745/imaging-of-nonmalignant-adrenal-lesions-in-children
#7
Kiran M Sargar, Geetika Khanna, Rebecca Hulett Bowling
The adrenal glands in children can be affected by a variety of benign lesions. The diagnosis of adrenal lesions can be challenging, but assessment of morphologic changes in correlation with the clinical presentation can lead to an accurate diagnosis. These lesions can be classified by their cause: congenital (eg, discoid adrenal gland, horseshoe adrenal gland, and epithelial cysts), vascular and/or traumatic (eg, adrenal hemorrhage), infectious (eg, granulomatous diseases), enzyme deficiency disorders (eg, congenital adrenal hyperplasia [CAH] and Wolman disease), benign neoplasms (eg, pheochromocytomas, ganglioneuromas, adrenal adenomas, and myelolipomas), and adrenal mass mimics (eg, extralobar sequestration and extramedullary hematopoiesis)...
October 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992976/a-mixed-methods-evaluation-of-the-feasibility-and-acceptability-of-an-adapted-cardiac-rehabilitation-program-for-home-care-patients
#8
Jodi L Feinberg, David Russell, Ana Mola, Melissa Trachtenberg, Irene Bick, Terri H Lipman, Kathryn H Bowles
Home care clinicians have an opportunity to improve care for post-hospitalization patients with cardiovascular disease. This mixed methods study examined the feasibility and acceptability of an adapted cardiac rehabilitation (CR) program for the home care setting. Surveys measuring patient self-care and knowledge were administered to patients (n = 46) at baseline and at 30-day follow-up. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with patients (n = 28) and home care clinicians (n = 11) at completion of the program...
October 6, 2017: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991134/isolated-testicular-recurrence-of-aml-in-patients-with-chronic-gvhd-1-year-following-allogeneic-stem-cell-transplant
#9
Brian N Dang, Satiro De Oliveira, LaVette Bowles, Theodore B Moore
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) following allogeneic transplant for myeloid leukemias seem to experience a reduced risk of relapse than comparable patients without cGVHD. It is unclear to what extent extramedullary sites are impacted by a graft-versus-leukemia effect. DESIGN/METHOD: Case Series and review of the literature. RESULTS: We present 2 cases of pediatric patients with Acute Myelogenous Leukemia who developed isolated testicular relapse more than a year following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation despite having had extensive cGVHD...
November 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980524/structure-of-pink1-and-mechanisms-of-parkinson-s-disease-associated-mutations
#10
Atul Kumar, Jevgenia Tamjar, Andrew D Waddell, Helen I Woodroof, Olawale G Raimi, Andrew M Shaw, Mark Peggie, Miratul Mk Muqit, Daan Mf van Aalten
Mutations in the human kinase PINK1 (hPINK1) are associated with autosomal recessive early-onset Parkinson's disease (PD). hPINK1 activates Parkin E3 ligase activity, involving phosphorylation of ubiquitin and the Parkin ubiquitin-like (Ubl) domain via as yet poorly understood mechanisms. hPINK1 is unusual amongst kinases due to the presence of three loop insertions of unknown function. We report the structure of Tribolium castaneum PINK1 (TcPINK1), revealing several unique extensions to the canonical protein kinase fold...
October 5, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961851/comprehensive-genomic-profiles-of-metastatic-and-relapsed-salivary-gland-carcinomas-are-associated-with-tumor-type-and-reveal-new-routes-to-targeted-therapies
#11
J S Ross, L M Gay, K Wang, J-A Vergilio, J Suh, S Ramkissoon, H Somerset, J M Johnson, J Russell, S Ali, A B Schrock, D Fabrizio, G Frampton, V Miller, P J Stephens, J A Elvin, D W Bowles
Background: Relapsed/metastatic salivary gland carcinomas (SGCs) have a wide diversity of histologic subtypes associated with variable clinical aggressiveness and response to local and systemic therapies. We queried whether comprehensive genomic profiling could define the tumor subtypes and uncover clinically relevant genomic alterations, revealing new routes to targeted therapies for patients with relapsed and metastatic disease. Patients and methods: From a series of 85 686 clinical cases, DNA was extracted from 40 µm of formalin-fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) sections for 623 consecutive SGC...
October 1, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955799/liposomal-delivery-of-phosphodiesterase-5-inhibitors-augments-ut-15c-stimulated-atp-release-from-human-erythrocytes
#12
Elizabeth A Bowles, Dimitri Feys, Nuran Ercal, Randy S Sprague
The use of liposomes to affect targeted delivery of pharmaceutical agents to specific sites may result in the reduction of side effects and an increase in drug efficacy. Since liposomes are delivered intravascularly, erythrocytes, which constitute almost half of the volume of blood, are ideal targets for liposomal drug delivery. In vivo, erythrocytes serve not only in the role of oxygen transport but also as participants in the regulation of vascular diameter through the regulated release of the potent vasodilator, adenosine triphosphate (ATP)...
December 2017: Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942770/the-battle-against-flystrike-past-research-and-new-prospects-through-genomics
#13
Clare A Anstead, Trent Perry, Stephen Richards, Pasi K Korhonen, Neil D Young, Vernon M Bowles, Philip Batterham, Robin B Gasser
Flystrike, or cutaneous myiasis, is caused by blow fly larvae of the genus Lucilia. This disease is a major problem in countries with large sheep populations. In Australia, Lucilia cuprina (Wiedemann, 1830) is the principal fly involved in flystrike. While much research has been conducted on L. cuprina, including physical, chemical, immunological, genetic and biological investigations, the molecular biology of this fly is still poorly understood. The recent sequencing, assembly and annotation of the draft genome and analyses of selected transcriptomes of L...
2017: Advances in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918511/the-role-of-major-virulence-factors-of-aiec-involved-in-inflammatory-bowl-disease-a-mini-review
#14
REVIEW
Yuqian Yang, Yuexia Liao, Yan Ma, Weijuan Gong, Guoqiang Zhu
Adherent-invasive Escherichia coli (AIEC) has recently attracted more attention because it is closely related to the pathogenicity of human inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). AIEC possesses a multitude of virulence factors. Considering these virulence factors belonging to various virulence groups, including adhesins, invasins, toxins, protectins, and siderophore-mediated iron acquisition, this review summarizes the current knowledge of how the major virulence factors assisting in AIEC survive in, adhere to, and invade host cells...
November 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911205/a-zebrafish-model-of-x-linked-adrenoleukodystrophy-recapitulates-key-disease-features-and-demonstrates-a-developmental-requirement-for-abcd1-in-oligodendrocyte-patterning-and-myelination
#15
Lauren R Strachan, Tamara J Stevenson, Briana Freshner, Matthew D Keefe, D Miranda Bowles, Joshua L Bonkowsky
X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD) is a devastating inherited neurodegenerative disease caused by defects in the ABCD1 gene and affecting peripheral and central nervous system myelin. ABCD1 encodes a peroxisomal transmembrane protein required for very long chain fatty acid (VLCFA) metabolism. We show that zebrafish (Danio rerio) Abcd1 is highly conserved at the amino acid level with human ABCD1, and during development is expressed in homologous regions including the central nervous system and adrenal glands...
September 15, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843971/hard-neck-lumps-a-review-of-uncommon-and-sometimes-overlooked-causes-of-these-worrying-presentations
#16
REVIEW
M I Ammar, R S Oeppen, C Bowles, P A Brennan
While a neck lump is a common presentation that can raise suspicion of a potentially serious underlying disease, a hard lump, though less common, may be even more concerning for the patient, and prompt urgent investigation. Metastatic squamous cell carcinoma is the commonest underlying diagnosis that must be excluded, but other diseases or even normal anatomy of the neck can be associated with lumps that are hard or bony. Many of these presentations are relatively rare and may not be familiar to oral and maxillofacial surgeons (OMFS) (particularly more junior clinicians) as a differential diagnosis of a hard neck mass...
August 23, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820718/water-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-rural-health-care-facilities-a-cross-sectional-study-in-ethiopia-kenya-mozambique-rwanda-uganda-and-zambia
#17
Amy Guo, J Michael Bowling, Jamie Bartram, Georgia Kayser
Safe and sufficient water, sanitation, and hygiene (WaSH) prevent the spread of disease in health-care facilities (HCFs). Little research has been conducted on WaSH in HCF in sub-Saharan Africa. We carried out a cross-sectional study of WaSH in 1,318 randomly selected rural HCF (hospitals, health centers, health posts, and clinics) in regions throughout Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique, Rwanda, Uganda, and Zambia. Methods included questionnaires with head doctors and nurses to document WaSH access, continuity, quality, quantity and reliability, and analysis of drinking water samples for Escherichia coli...
October 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803248/a-functional-assay-for-sick-sinus-syndrome-genetic-variants
#18
Chuanchau J Jou, Cammon B Arrington, Spencer Barnett, Jiaxiang Shen, Scott Cho, Xiaoming Sheng, Patrick C McCullagh, Neil E Bowles, Chase M Pribble, Elizabeth V Saarel, Thomas A Pilcher, Susan P Etheridge, Martin Tristani-Firouzi
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Congenital Sick Sinus Syndrome (SSS) is a disorder associated with sudden cardiac death due to severe bradycardia and prolonged pauses. Mutations in HCN4, the gene encoding inward Na+/K+ current (If), have been described as a cause of congenital SSS. The objective of this study is to develop an SSS model in embryonic zebrafish, and use zebrafish as a moderate-throughput assay to functionally characterize HCN4 variants. METHODS: To determine the function of hcn4 in zebrafish, embryos were either bathed in the If -specific blocker (ZD-7288), or endogenous hcn4 expression was knocked down using splice-blocking morpholinos...
2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801931/immunomodulatory-effects-of-adipose-stromal-vascular-fraction-cells-promote-alternative-activation-macrophages-to-repair-tissue-damage
#19
Annie C Bowles, Rachel M Wise, Brittany Y Gerstein, Robert C Thomas, Roberto Ogelman, Isabella Febbo, Bruce A Bunnell
The pathogenesis of many diseases is driven by the interactions between helper T (TH ) cells and macrophages. The phenotypes of these cells are functional dichotomies that are persuaded according to the surrounding milieu. In both multiple sclerosis and the experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) model, TH 1 and TH 17 cells propagate autoimmune signaling and inflammation in the peripheral lymphoid tissues. In turn, this proinflammatory repertoire promotes the classical activation, formerly the M1-type, macrophages...
August 12, 2017: Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800031/risk-factors-for-development-of-melanoma-brain-metastasis-and-disease-progression-a-single-center-retrospective-analysis
#20
Laura J Gardner, Morgan Ward, Robert H I Andtbacka, Kenneth M Boucher, Glen M Bowen, Tawnya L Bowles, Adam L Cohen, Kenneth Grossmann, Ying J Hitchcock, Sheri L Holmen, John Hyngstrom, Hung Khong, Martin McMahon, Marcus M Monroe, Carolyn B Ross, Gita Suneja, David Wada, Douglas Grossman
Melanoma metastasis to the brain is associated with a poor prognosis. We sought to determine patient demographics and primary tumor factors associated with the development of brain metastasis (BM) and survival. We also investigated whether the BM detection setting (routine screening vs. symptomatic presentation) affected clinical outcomes. A database of melanoma patients seen from 1999 to 2015 at our institution was reviewed to identify patients who developed BM. Patients with BM were matched by initial stage with patients who did not develop BM as a control group...
October 2017: Melanoma Research
keyword
keyword
104926
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"