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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922558/baseline-biomechanical-properties-of-epithelia-prior-to-tissue-expansion-in-dogs
#1
Jay Bowling, Darrell D Davidson, Sunil S Tholpady, Kinam Park, George J Eckert, Terrence Katona, Tien-Min G Chu, Clark T Barco
Background: Soft-tissue deficiencies pose a challenge in a variety of disease processes when the end result is exposure of underlying tissue. Although multiple surgical techniques exist, the transposition of tissue from one location to another can cause donor-site morbidity, long incisions prone to dehiscence, and poor patient outcomes as a result. Use of tissue expansion prior to grafting procedures has been shown to have success in increasing available soft tissue to aid in repairing wounds...
May 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886775/acute-myocardial-infarction-experience-among-mexican-american-women
#2
John R Bowles, Marylyn M McEwen, Anne G Rosenfeld
INTRODUCTION: Health disparities in cardiovascular disease risk factors affect a burgeoning segment of the U.S. population-Mexican American (MA) women. MAs experience disparities in the prevalence of heart disease risk factors. However, there are no studies describing acute myocardial infarction (AMI) symptoms unique to this Hispanic subgroup. The aim of the study was to describe MA women's AMI symptom experience. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive design guided the study...
January 1, 2018: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790872/genomic-sequencing-identifies-secondary-findings-in-a-cohort-of-parent-study-participants
#3
Michelle L Thompson, Candice R Finnila, Kevin M Bowling, Kyle B Brothers, Matthew B Neu, Michelle D Amaral, Susan M Hiatt, Kelly M East, David E Gray, James M J Lawlor, Whitley V Kelley, Edward J Lose, Carla A Rich, Shirley Simmons, Shawn E Levy, Richard M Myers, Gregory S Barsh, E Martina Bebin, Gregory M Cooper
PurposeClinically relevant secondary variants were identified in parents enrolled with a child with developmental delay and intellectual disability.MethodsExome/genome sequencing and analysis of 789 "unaffected" parents was performed.ResultsPathogenic/likely pathogenic variants were identified in 21 genes within 25 individuals (3.2%), with 11 (1.4%) participants harboring variation in a gene defined as clinically actionable by the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics. These 25 individuals self-reported either relevant clinical diagnoses (5); relevant family history or symptoms (13); or no relevant family history, symptoms, or clinical diagnoses (7)...
April 12, 2018: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740699/de-novo-mutations-in-med13-a-component-of-the-mediator-complex-are-associated-with-a-novel-neurodevelopmental-disorder
#4
Lot Snijders Blok, Susan M Hiatt, Kevin M Bowling, Jeremy W Prokop, Krysta L Engel, J Nicholas Cochran, E Martina Bebin, Emilia K Bijlsma, Claudia A L Ruivenkamp, Paulien Terhal, Marleen E H Simon, Rosemarie Smith, Jane A Hurst, Heather McLaughlin, Richard Person, Amy Crunk, Michael F Wangler, Haley Streff, Joseph D Symonds, Sameer M Zuberi, Katherine S Elliott, Victoria R Sanders, Abigail Masunga, Robert J Hopkin, Holly A Dubbs, Xilma R Ortiz-Gonzalez, Rolph Pfundt, Han G Brunner, Simon E Fisher, Tjitske Kleefstra, Gregory M Cooper
Many genetic causes of developmental delay and/or intellectual disability (DD/ID) are extremely rare, and robust discovery of these requires both large-scale DNA sequencing and data sharing. Here we describe a GeneMatcher collaboration which led to a cohort of 13 affected individuals harboring protein-altering variants, 11 of which are de novo, in MED13; the only inherited variant was transmitted to an affected child from an affected mother. All patients had intellectual disability and/or developmental delays, including speech delays or disorders...
May 8, 2018: Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724339/detection-of-the-suspected-neurotoxin-%C3%AE-methylamino-l-alanine-bmaa-in-cyanobacterial-blooms-from-multiple-water-bodies-in-eastern-australia
#5
Brendan J Main, Lee C Bowling, Matthew P Padula, David P Bishop, Simon M Mitrovic, Gilles J Guillemin, Kenneth J Rodgers
The emerging toxin β-methylamino-l-alanine (BMAA) has been linked to the development of a number of neurodegenerative diseases in humans including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Alzheimer's disease, and Parkinson's disease. BMAA has been found to be produced by a range of cyanobacteria, diatoms, and dinoflagellates worldwide, and is present in freshwater, saltwater, and terrestrial ecosystems. Surface scum samples were collected from waterways in rural and urban New South Wales, Australia and algal species identified...
April 2018: Harmful Algae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698639/chronic-heart-failure-and-exercise-rehabilitation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Katie Palmer, Kelly-Ann Bowles, Michelle Paton, Megan Jepson, Rebecca Lane
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to identify the effect of specific exercise parameters on physical function and quality of life (QOL) in people with chronic heart failure living in the community. DATA SOURCES: A total of 5 electronic databases were searched for relevant studies published after 1994. STUDY SELECTION: The screening process was completed by 2 independent researchers, with a third independent reviewer for conflict resolution...
April 24, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683733/cep55-overexpression-causes-male-specific-sterility-in-mice-by-suppressing-foxo1-nuclear-retention-through-sustained-activation-of-pi3k-akt-signaling
#7
Debottam Sinha, Murugan Kalimutho, Josephine Bowles, Ai-Leen Chan, D Jo Merriner, Amanda L Bain, Jacinta L Simmons, Raimundo Freire, J Alejandro Lopez, Robin M Hobbs, Moira K O'Bryan, Kum Kum Khanna
Spermatogenesis is a dynamic process involving self-renewal and differentiation of spermatogonial stem cells, meiosis, and ultimately, the differentiation of haploid spermatids into sperm. Centrosomal protein (CEP)-55 is necessary for somatic cell abscission during cytokinesis. It facilitates equal segregation of cytoplasmic contents between daughter cells by recruiting endosomal sorting complex required for transport machinery (ESCRT) at the midbody. In germ cells, CEP55, in partnership with testes expressed-14 protein (TEX14), has also been shown to be an integral component of intercellular bridge before meiosis...
April 17, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676801/prolonged-prenatal-hypoxia-selectively-disrupts-collecting-duct-patterning-and-postnatal-function-in-male-mouse-offspring
#8
Sarah L Walton, Reetu R Singh, Melissa H Little, Josephine Bowles, Joan Li, Karen M Moritz
KEY POINTS SUMMARY: In this study we investigated whether hypoxia during late pregnancy impairs kidney development in mouse offspring, and also whether this has long-lasting consequences affecting kidney function in adulthood. Hypoxia disrupted growth of the kidney, particularly the collecting duct network, in juvenile male offspring. By mid-late adulthood, these mice developed early signs of kidney disease, notably a compromised response to water deprivation. Female offspring showed no obvious signs of impaired kidney development and did not develop kidney disease, suggesting a underlying protection mechanism from the hypoxia insult...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674504/efficacy-of-bendamustine-and-rituximab-as-first-salvage-treatment-in-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-and-indirect-comparison-with-ibrutinib-a-gimema-eric-and-uk-cll-forum-study
#9
Antonio Cuneo, George Follows, Gian Matteo Rigolin, Alfonso Piciocchi, Alessandra Tedeschi, Livio Trentin, Angeles Medina Perez, Marta Coscia, Luca Laurenti, Gerardo Musuraca, Lucia Farina, Alfredo Rivas Delgado, Ester Maria Orlandi, Piero Galieni, Francesca Romana Mauro, Carlo Visco, Angela Amendola, Atto Billio, Roberto Marasca, Annalisa Chiarenza, Vittorio Meneghini, Fiorella Ilariucci, Monia Marchetti, Stefano Molica, Francesca Re, Gianluca Gaidano, Marcos Gonzalez, Francesco Forconi, Stefania Ciolli, Agostino Cortelezzi, Marco Montillo, Lukas Smolej, Anna Schuh, Toby A Eyre, Ben Kennedy, Kris M Bowles, Marco Vignetti, Javier de la Serna, Carol Moreno, Robin Foà, Paolo Ghia
We performed an observational study on the efficacy of bendamustine and rituximab as first salvage regimen in chronic lymphocytic leukemia. In an intention-to-treat analysis including 237 patients, the median progression free survival was 25 months. The presence of del(17p), unmutated IGHV and advanced stage were associated with a shorter progression free survival at multivariate analysis. The median time-to-next treatment was 31.3 months. Front-line treatment with a chemoimmunotherapy regimen was the only predictive factor for a shorter time to next treatment at multivariate analysis...
April 19, 2018: Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668359/laparoscopic-total-mesorectal-excision-following-transanal-endoscopic-microsurgery-for-rectal-cancer
#10
Nidal Issa, Yaniv Fenig, Rachel Gingold-Belfer, Muhammad Khatib, Wisam Khoury, Lea Wolfson, Hemda Schmilovitz-Weiss
BACKGROUND: Patients' selection for transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM) depends on diagnostic modalities; however, there are still some limitations in the preoperative diagnosis of rectal lesions, and in some reports, up to third of the adenomas resected by TEM were found to be adenocarcinoma; therefore, salvage radical resection (RR) remains necessary for achieving oncological resection. Salvage RR may encounter some technical problems as the violation of the mesorectum and the scar formation...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666603/long-term-factors-associated-with-falls-and-fractures-poststroke
#11
Emma J Foster, Raphae S Barlas, Joao H Bettencourt-Silva, Allan B Clark, Anthony K Metcalf, Kristian M Bowles, John F Potter, Phyo K Myint
Background: Risk factors for poststroke falls and fractures remain poorly understood. This study aimed to evaluate which factors increased risk of these events after stroke. Methods: Data from 7,267 hospitalized stroke patients were acquired from the Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital Stroke Register from 2003-2015. The impacts of multiple patient level and stroke characteristics and comorbidities on post-discharge falls and fractures were assessed. Univariate and multivariable models were constructed, adjusting for multiple confounders, using binary logistic regression for short-term analysis (up to 1-year post-discharge) and Cox-proportional hazard models for longer term analysis (1-3, 3-5, and 0-10 years follow-up)...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652076/systematic-reanalysis-of-genomic-data-improves-quality-of-variant-interpretation
#12
S M Hiatt, M D Amaral, K M Bowling, C R Finnila, M L Thompson, D E Gray, J M J Lawlor, J N Cochran, E M Bebin, K B Brothers, K M East, W V Kelley, N E Lamb, S E Levy, E J Lose, M B Neu, C A Rich, S Simmons, R M Myers, G S Barsh, G M Cooper
As genomic sequencing expands, so does our knowledge of the link between genetic variation and disease. Deeper catalogs of variant frequencies improve identification of benign variants, while sequencing affected individuals reveals disease-associated variation. Accumulation of human genetic data thus makes reanalysis a means to maximize the benefits of clinical sequencing. We implemented pipelines to systematically reassess sequencing data from 494 individuals with developmental disability. Reanalysis yielded pathogenic or likely pathogenic (P/LP) variants that were not initially reported in 23 individuals, 6 described here, comprising a 16% increase in P/LP yield...
April 13, 2018: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651169/persistence-of-bowl-water-contamination-during-sequential-flushes-of-contaminated-toilets
#13
David L Johnson, Robert A Lynch, Stephanie M Villanella, Jacob F Jones, Haiqin Fang, Kenneth R Mead, Deborah V L Hirst
Toilets contaminated with infectious organisms are a recognized contact disease transmission hazard. Previous studies indicate that toilet bowl water can remain contaminated for several flushes after the contamination occurs. This study characterized contamination persistence over an extended series of flushes using both indicator particles and viable bacteria. For this study, toilets were seeded with microbe-size microbial surrogates and with Pseudomonas fluorescens or Clostridium difficile bacteria and flushed up to 24 times...
October 2017: Journal of Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621362/long-term-accuracy-of-breast-cancer-risk-assessment-combining-classic-risk-factors-and-breast-density
#14
Adam R Brentnall, Jack Cuzick, Diana S M Buist, Erin J Aiello Bowles
Importance: Accurate long-term breast cancer risk assessment for women attending routine screening could help reduce the disease burden and intervention-associated harms by personalizing screening recommendations and preventive interventions. Objective: To report the accuracy of risk assessment for breast cancer during a period of 19 years. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cohort study of the Kaiser Permanente Washington breast imaging registry included women without previous breast cancer, aged 40 to 73 years, who attended screening from January 1, 1996, through December 31, 2013...
April 5, 2018: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543903/an-automated-system-for-rapid-cellular-extraction-from-live-zebrafish-embryos-and-larvae-development-and-application-to-genotyping
#15
Christopher J Lambert, Briana C Freshner, Arlen Chung, Tamara J Stevenson, D Miranda Bowles, Raheel Samuel, Bruce K Gale, Joshua L Bonkowsky
Zebrafish are a valuable model organism in biomedical research. Their rapid development, ability to model human diseases, utility for testing genetic variants identified from next-generation sequencing, amenity to CRISPR mutagenesis, and potential for therapeutic compound screening, has led to their wide-spread adoption in diverse fields of study. However, their power for large-scale screens is limited by the absence of automated genotyping tools for live animals. This constrains potential drug screen options, limits analysis of embryonic and larval phenotypes, and requires raising additional animals to adulthood to ensure obtaining an animal of the desired genotype...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534751/adipose-stromal-vascular-fraction-attenuates-t-h-1-cell-mediated-pathology-in-a-model-of-multiple-sclerosis
#16
Annie C Bowles, Rachel M Wise, Brittany Y Gerstein, Robert C Thomas, Roberto Ogelman, Regan C Manayan, Bruce A Bunnell
BACKGROUND: The therapeutic efficacy of adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) has been investigated for numerous clinical indications, including autoimmune and neurodegenerative diseases. Less is known using the crude adipose product called stromal vascular fraction (SVF) as therapy, although our previous studies demonstrated greater efficacy at late-stage disease compared to ASCs in the experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) mouse, a model of multiple sclerosis. In this study, SVF cells and ASCs were administered during the pathogenic progression, designated as early disease, to elucidate immunomodulatory mechanisms when high immune cell activities associated with autoimmune signaling occur...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527496/white-matter-hyperintensity-and-stroke-lesion-segmentation-and-differentiation-using-convolutional-neural-networks
#17
R Guerrero, C Qin, O Oktay, C Bowles, L Chen, R Joules, R Wolz, M C Valdés-Hernández, D A Dickie, J Wardlaw, D Rueckert
White matter hyperintensities (WMH) are a feature of sporadic small vessel disease also frequently observed in magnetic resonance images (MRI) of healthy elderly subjects. The accurate assessment of WMH burden is of crucial importance for epidemiological studies to determine association between WMHs, cognitive and clinical data; their causes, and the effects of new treatments in randomized trials. The manual delineation of WMHs is a very tedious, costly and time consuming process, that needs to be carried out by an expert annotator (e...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522810/vascular-complications-in-the-sapien-3-era-continued-role-of-transapical-approach-to-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement
#18
William Toppen, William Suh, Olcay Aksoy, Peyman Benharash, Cayley Bowles, Richard J Shemin, Murray Kwon
With the introduction of the latest generation Sapien 3 (S3) transcatheter aortic valve, there has been a reduction in the usage of transapical (TA) approach for transcatheter aortic valve replacements in many centers. However, despite the smaller sheath size and the more streamlined delivery system, vascular complications continue to occur, especially in patients with peripheral vascular disease. Thus, our institution has maintained a stringent TA protocol aiming to prevent these complications. We hypothesize that this protocol has helped to reduce vascular complications and improve outcomes at our institution even in the S3 era...
March 6, 2018: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511059/association-of-serious-fall-injuries-among-united-states-end-stage-kidney-disease-patients-with-access-to-kidney-transplantation
#19
Laura C Plantinga, Raymond J Lynch, Rachel E Patzer, Stephen O Pastan, C Barrett Bowling
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Serious fall injuries in the setting of ESKD may be associated with poor access to kidney transplant. We explored the burden of serious fall injuries among patients on dialysis and patients on the deceased donor waitlist and the associations of these fall injuries with waitlisting and transplantation. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: Our analytic cohorts for the outcomes of ( 1 ) waitlisting and ( 2 ) transplantation included United States adults ages 18-80 years old who ( 1 ) initiated dialysis ( n =183,047) and ( 2 ) were waitlisted for the first time ( n =37,752) in 2010-2013...
April 6, 2018: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504899/candidate-snp-markers-of-reproductive-potential-are-predicted-by-a-significant-change-in-the-affinity-of-tata-binding-protein-for-human-gene-promoters
#20
Irina V Chadaeva, Petr M Ponomarenko, Dmitry A Rasskazov, Ekaterina B Sharypova, Elena V Kashina, Dmitry A Zhechev, Irina A Drachkova, Olga V Arkova, Ludmila K Savinkova, Mikhail P Ponomarenko, Nikolay A Kolchanov, Ludmila V Osadchuk, Alexandr V Osadchuk
BACKGROUND: The progress of medicine, science, technology, education, and culture improves, year by year, quality of life and life expectancy of the populace. The modern human has a chance to further improve the quality and duration of his/her life and the lives of his/her loved ones by bringing their lifestyle in line with their sequenced individual genomes. With this in mind, one of genome-based developments at the junction of personalized medicine and bioinformatics will be considered in this work, where we used two Web services: (i) SNP_TATA_Comparator to search for alleles with a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) that alters the affinity of TATA-binding protein (TBP) for the TATA boxes of human gene promoters and (ii) PubMed to look for retrospective clinical reviews on changes in physiological indicators of reproductive potential in carriers of these alleles...
February 9, 2018: BMC Genomics
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