keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Nemo

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342277/finding-nemo-hybrid-assembly-with-oxford-nanopore-and-illumina-reads-greatly-improves-the-clownfish-amphiprion-ocellaris-genome-assembly
#1
Mun Hua Tan, Christopher M Austin, Michael P Hammer, Yin Peng Lee, Laurence J Croft, Han Ming Gan
Background: Some of the most widely recognised coral-reef fishes are clownfish or anemonefishes, members of the family Pomacentridae (subfamily: Amphiprioninae). They are popular aquarium species due to their bright colours, adaptability to captivity and fascinating behavior. Their breeding biology (sequential hermaphrodites) and symbiotic mutualism with sea anemones have attracted much scientific interest. Moreover, there are some curious geographic-based phenotypes which warrant investigation...
January 12, 2018: GigaScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341770/search-for-neutrinoless-quadruple-%C3%AE-decay-of-150-nd-with-the-nemo-3-detector
#2
R Arnold, C Augier, A S Barabash, A Basharina-Freshville, S Blondel, S Blot, M Bongrand, D Boursette, V Brudanin, J Busto, A J Caffrey, S Calvez, M Cascella, C Cerna, J P Cesar, A Chapon, E Chauveau, A Chopra, L Dawson, D Duchesneau, D Durand, V Egorov, G Eurin, J J Evans, L Fajt, D Filosofov, R Flack, X Garrido, H Gómez, B Guillon, P Guzowski, R Hodák, A Huber, P Hubert, C Hugon, S Jullian, A Klimenko, O Kochetov, S I Konovalov, V Kovalenko, D Lalanne, K Lang, Y Lemière, T Le Noblet, Z Liptak, X R Liu, P Loaiza, G Lutter, M Macko, C Macolino, F Mamedov, C Marquet, F Mauger, B Morgan, J Mott, I Nemchenok, M Nomachi, F Nova, F Nowacki, H Ohsumi, C Patrick, R B Pahlka, F Perrot, F Piquemal, P Povinec, P Přidal, Y A Ramachers, A Remoto, J L Reyss, C L Riddle, E Rukhadze, R Saakyan, R Salazar, X Sarazin, Yu Shitov, L Simard, F Šimkovic, A Smetana, K Smolek, A Smolnikov, S Söldner-Rembold, B Soulé, D Štefánik, I Štekl, J Suhonen, C S Sutton, G Szklarz, J Thomas, V Timkin, S Torre, Vl I Tretyak, V I Tretyak, V I Umatov, I Vanushin, C Vilela, V Vorobel, D Waters, F Xie, A Žukauskas
We report the results of a first experimental search for lepton number violation by four units in the neutrinoless quadruple-β decay of ^{150}Nd using a total exposure of 0.19 kg yr recorded with the NEMO-3 detector at the Modane Underground Laboratory. We find no evidence of this decay and set lower limits on the half-life in the range T_{1/2}>(1.1-3.2)×10^{21}  yr at the 90% C.L., depending on the model used for the kinematic distributions of the emitted electrons.
July 28, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326470/dentists-on-film-finding-nemo
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288458/plant-pathogenicity-phenotyping-of-ralstonia-solanacearum-strains
#4
Arry Morel, Nemo Peeters, Fabienne Vailleau, Patrick Barberis, Gaofei Jiang, Richard Berthomé, Alice Guidot
In this chapter, we describe different methods for phenotyping strains or mutants of the bacterial wilt agent, Ralstonia solanacearum, on four different host plants: Arabidopsis thaliana, tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), tobacco (Nicotiana benthamiana), or Medicago truncatula. Methods for preparation of high volume or low volume inocula are first described. Then, we describe the procedures for inoculation of plants by soil drenching, stem injection or leaf infiltration, and scoring of the wilting symptoms development...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288457/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-secretion-translocation-assays-to-identify-novel-ralstonia-solanacearum-type-3-effectors
#5
Fabien Lonjon, Nemo Peeters, Stéphane Genin, Fabienne Vailleau
Phytopathogenic bacteria have evolved multiple strategies to infect plants. Like many gram-negative bacteria, Ralstonia solanacearum, the causal agent of bacterial wilt, possesses a specialized protein secretion machinery to deliver effector proteins directly into the host cells. This type 3 secretion system (T3SS) and the bacterial proteins translocated, called type 3 effectors (T3Es), constitute the main pathogenicity determinants of the R. solanacearum species complex (RSSC). Up to 113 orthologous groups defining T3E genes have been identified among the RSSC strains sequenced to date...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285573/bacterial-lpx-motif-harboring-virulence-factors-constitute-a-species-spanning-family-of-cell-penetrating-effectors
#6
Stefanie Norkowski, Britta Körner, Lilo Greune, Anne-Sophie Stolle, Marie-Luise Lubos, Philip R Hardwidge, M Alexander Schmidt, Christian Rüter
Effector proteins are key virulence factors of pathogenic bacteria that target and subvert the functions of essential host defense mechanisms. Typically, these proteins are delivered into infected host cells via the type III secretion system (T3SS). Recently, however, several effector proteins have been found to enter host cells in a T3SS-independent manner thereby widening the potential range of these virulence factors. Prototypes of such bacteria-derived cell-penetrating effectors (CPEs) are the Yersinia enterocolitica-derived YopM as well as the Salmonella typhimurium effector SspH1...
December 28, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206223/a-model-of-the-onset-of-the-senescence-associated-secretory-phenotype-after-dna-damage-induced-senescence
#7
Patrick Meyer, Pallab Maity, Andre Burkovski, Julian Schwab, Christoph Müssel, Karmveer Singh, Filipa F Ferreira, Linda Krug, Harald J Maier, Meinhard Wlaschek, Thomas Wirth, Hans A Kestler, Karin Scharffetter-Kochanek
Cells and tissues are exposed to stress from numerous sources. Senescence is a protective mechanism that prevents malignant tissue changes and constitutes a fundamental mechanism of aging. It can be accompanied by a senescence associated secretory phenotype (SASP) that causes chronic inflammation. We present a Boolean network model-based gene regulatory network of the SASP, incorporating published gene interaction data. The simulation results describe current biological knowledge. The model predicts different in-silico knockouts that prevent key SASP-mediators, IL-6 and IL-8, from getting activated upon DNA damage...
December 4, 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199510/regulation-of-rhoa-gtpase-and-novel-target-proteins-for-rock
#8
Eun-Kyoung Choi, Jae-Gyu Kim, Hee-Jun Kim, Jung-Yoon Cho, Hwalrim Jeong, Yohan Park, Rokibul Islam, Cuong Kim Cap, Jae-Bong Park
Rho GTPases play significant roles in cellular function and their activity is regulated by guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs) and GTPase activating proteins (GAPs), providing activation and inactivation of these GTPases, respectively. Active GTP-bound form of RhoA activates its effector proteins while the inactive GDP-bound form of RhoA exists in a RhoA-RhoGDI (guanine nucleotide dissociation inhibitor) complex in the cytosol. In particular, IκB kinase γ IKKγ/NF-κB essential modulator (NEMO) plays a role as a GDI displacement factor (GDF) for RhoA activation through binding to RhoA-RhoGDI complex...
December 3, 2017: Small GTPases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197519/intestinal-exposure-to-pcb-153-induces-inflammation-via-the-atm-nemo-pathway
#9
Matthew C Phillips, Rishu Dheer, Rebeca Santaolalla, Julie M Davies, Juan Burgueño, Jessica K Lang, Michal Toborek, Maria T Abreu
BACKGROUND: Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are persistent organic pollutants that adversely affect human health. PCBs bio-accumulate in organisms important for human consumption. PCBs accumulation in the body leads to activation of the transcription factor NF-κB, a major driver of inflammation. Despite dietary exposure being one of the main routes of exposure to PCBs, the gut has been widely ignored when studying the effects of PCBs. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the effects of PCB 153 on the intestine and addressed whether PCB 153 affected intestinal permeability or inflammation and the mechanism by which this occurred...
November 29, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194363/the-e3-ubiquitin-ligase-rnf7-negatively-regulates-card14-carma2sh-signaling
#10
Gianluca Telesio, Ivan Scudiero, Maddalena Pizzulo, Pellegrino Mazzone, Tiziana Zotti, Serena Voccola, Immacolata Polvere, Pasquale Vito, Romania Stilo
The three CARD-containing MAGUK (CARMA) proteins function as scaffolding molecules that regulate activation of the pro-inflammatory transcription factor NF-κB. Recently, mutations in CARMA2 have been linked to psoriasis susceptibility due to their acquired altered capacity to activate NF-κB. By means of two-hybrid screening with yeast, we identified RING finger protein 7 (RNF7) as an interactor of CARMA2. We present evidence that RNF7 functions as a negative regulator of the NF-κB-activating capacity of CARMA2...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162540/genomic-analysis-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway-reveals-its-complexity-in-crassostrea-gigas
#11
Mingjia Yu, Jianming Chen, Yongbo Bao, Jun Li
NF-κB signaling pathway is an evolutionarily conserved pathway that plays highly important roles in several developmental, cellular and immune response processes. With the recent release of the draft Pacific oyster (Crassostra gigas) genome sequence, we have sought to identify the various components of the NF-κB signaling pathway in these mollusks and investigate their gene structure. We further constructed phylogenetic trees to establish the evolutionary relationship of the oyster proteins with their homologues in vertebrates and invertebrates using BLASTX and neighbor-joining method...
November 18, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152796/the-genetic-basis-of-seborrheic-dermatitis-a-review
#12
REVIEW
Marko A Karakadze, Penelope A Hirt, Tongyu C Wikramanayake
Seborrheic Dermatitis (SD) is a common inflammatory skin disease that presents as itchy, flaking skin in the seborrheic areas. Various environmental and intrinsic factors have been identified as predisposing factors for SD, but its etiology remains poorly understood. Although it was recognized that genetic factors play a role in SD etiology, there have not been studies that systematically review the literature specifically for causal mutations or protein deficiencies in SD. In this review, we searched various databases for gene mutations and protein deficiencies that cause SD or SD-like phenotype in humans and experimental animals, and summarize 11 gene mutations or protein deficiencies that were described in the literature...
November 20, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142404/chalepin-a-compound-from-ruta-angustifolia-l-pers-exhibits-cell-cycle-arrest-at-s-phase-suppresses-nuclear-factor-kappa-b-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway-signal-transducer-and-activation-of-transcription-3-stat3-phosphorylation-and-extrinsic-apoptotic-pathway-in-non-small-cell
#13
Jaime Stella Moses Richardson, Norhaniza Aminudin, Sri Nurestri Abd Malek
Background: Plants have been a major source of inspiration in developing novel drug compounds in the treatment of various diseases that afflict human beings worldwide. Ruta angustifolia L. Pers known locally as Garuda has been conventionally used for various medicinal purposes such as in the treatment of cancer. Objective: A dihydrofuranocoumarin named chalepin, which was isolated from the chloroform extract of the plant, was tested on its ability to inhibit molecular pathways of human lung carcinoma (A549) cells...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142064/the-resurrection-of-the-piddosome-emerging-roles-in-the-dna-damage-response-and-centrosome-surveillance
#14
REVIEW
Valentina Sladky, Fabian Schuler, Luca L Fava, Andreas Villunger
The PIDDosome is often used as the alias for a multi-protein complex that includes the p53-induced death domain protein 1 (PIDD1), the bipartite linker protein CRADD (also known as RAIDD) and the pro-form of an endopeptidase belonging to the caspase family, i.e. caspase-2. Yet, PIDD1 variants can also interact with a number of other proteins that include RIPK1 (also known as RIP1) and IKBKG (also known as NEMO), PCNA and RFC5, as well as nucleolar components such as NPM1 or NCL. This promiscuity in protein binding is facilitated mainly by autoprocessing of the full-length protein into various fragments that contain different structural domains...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128367/nemo-links-nuclear-factor-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-to-human-diseases
#15
REVIEW
Gunter Maubach, Michael Naumann
The nuclear factor (NF)-κB essential modulator (NEMO) is a key regulator in NF-κB-mediated signaling. By transmitting extracellular or intracellular signals, NEMO can control NF-κB-regulated genes. NEMO dysfunction is associated with inherited diseases such as incontinentia pigmenti (IP), ectodermal dysplasia, anhidrotic, with immunodeficiency (EDA-ID), and some cancers. We focus on molecular studies, human case reports, and mouse models emphasizing the significance of NEMO molecular interactions and modifications in health and diseases...
December 2017: Trends in Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125880/mavs-activates-tbk1-and-ikk%C3%AE%C2%B5-through-trafs-in-nemo-dependent-and-independent-manner
#16
Run Fang, Qifei Jiang, Xiang Zhou, Chenguang Wang, Yukun Guan, Jianli Tao, Jianzhong Xi, Ji-Ming Feng, Zhengfan Jiang
Mitochondrial antiviral-signaling protein (MAVS) transmits signals from RIG-I-like receptors after RNA virus infections. However, the mechanism by which MAVS activates downstream components, such as TBK1 and IKKα/β, is unclear, although previous work suggests the involvement of NEMO or TBK1-binding proteins TANK, NAP1, and SINTBAD. Here, we report that MAVS-mediated innate immune activation is dependent on TRAFs, partially on NEMO, but not on TBK1-binding proteins. MAVS recruited TBK1/IKKε by TRAFs that were pre-associated with TBK1/IKKε via direct interaction between the coiled-coil domain of TRAFs and the SDD domain of TBK1/IKKε...
November 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122559/constant-hepatic-atp-concentrations-during-prolonged-fasting-and-absence-of-effects-of-cerbomed-nemos-%C3%A2-on-parasympathetic-tone-and-hepatic-energy-metabolism
#17
Sofiya Gancheva, Alessandra Bierwagen, Daniel F Markgraf, Gidon J Bönhof, Kevin G Murphy, Erifili Hatziagelaki, Jesper Lundbom, Dan Ziegler, Michael Roden
OBJECTIVE: Brain insulin-induced improvement in glucose homeostasis has been proposed to be mediated by the parasympathetic nervous system. Non-invasive transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation (taVNS) activating afferent branches of the vagus nerve may prevent hyperglycemia in diabetes models. We examined the effects of 14-min taVNS vs sham stimulation by Cerbomed Nemos(®) on glucose metabolism, lipids, and hepatic energy homeostasis in fasted healthy humans (n = 10, age 51 ± 6 yrs, BMI 25...
October 25, 2017: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111346/evidence-for-m1-linked-polyubiquitin-mediated-conformational-change-in-nemo
#18
Arthur V Hauenstein, Guozhou Xu, Venkataraman Kabaleeswaran, Hao Wu
The NF-κB essential modulator (NEMO) is the scaffolding subunit of the inhibitor of κB kinase (IKK) holocomplex and is required for the activation of the catalytic IKK subunits, IKKα and IKKβ, during the canonical inflammatory response. Although structures of shorter constructs of NEMO have been solved, efforts to elucidate the full-length structure of NEMO have proved difficult due to its apparent high conformational plasticity. To better characterize the gross dimensions of full-length NEMO, we employed in-line size exclusion chromatography-small-angle X-ray scattering...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069608/uev1a-ubc13-catalyzes-k63-linked-ubiquitination-of-rhbdf2-to-promote-tace-maturation
#19
Yiran Zhang, Yadan Li, Xiaoran Yang, Juanjuan Wang, Ruifeng Wang, Xianghao Qian, Weiwei Zhang, Wei Xiao
The TNFα-induced NF-κB signaling pathway plays critical roles in multiple biological processes. Extensive studies have explored the mechanisms regulating this signaling cascade, and identified an E2 complex, Uev1A-Ubc13, that mediates K63-linked poly-Ub chain formation and thus recruits NEMO to activate the signaling transduction. In this study, we demonstrate that the Uev1A-Ubc13 complex simultaneously serves as a repressor of the NF-κB pathway. It was found that cells overexpressing UEV1A silence the signal cascade earlier than control cells...
October 22, 2017: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065166/genetic-diversity-and-connectivity-in-the-east-african-giant-mud-crab-scylla-serrata-implications-for-fisheries-management
#20
Cyrus Rumisha, Filip Huyghe, Diary Rapanoel, Nemo Mascaux, Marc Kochzius
The giant mud crab Scylla serrata provides an important source of income and food to coastal communities in East Africa. However, increasing demand and exploitation due to the growing coastal population, export trade, and tourism industry are threatening the sustainability of the wild stock of this species. Because effective management requires a clear understanding of the connectivity among populations, this study was conducted to assess the genetic diversity and connectivity in the East African mangrove crab S...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
10492
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"