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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740245/physiological-study-on-the-influence-of-some-plant-oils-in-rats-exposed-to-a-sublethal-concentration-of-diazinon
#1
Atef M Al-Attar, Moustafa H R Elnaggar, Essam A Almalki
The present study was aimed to evaluate the influence of olive, sesame and black seed oils on levels of some physiological parameters in male rats exposed to diazinon (DZN). Body weight changes, and levels of serum total protein, albumin, glucose, triglycerides, cholesterol, high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), very low density lipoprotein cholesterol (VLDL-C), atherogenic index (AI), atherogenic coefficient (AC), cardiac risk ratio (CRR), glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MAD) were selected as physiological parameters...
May 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716855/effect-of-black-seed-oil-supplementation-on-selected-immunological-hematological-and-iron-status-parameters-in-ribavirin-treated-female-albino-rats
#2
H A Abd-Elmonem
Ribavirin has been found to enhance the anti HCV potential of pegylated interferon and sovaldi. However its use was associated with impact on the hemopoietic system and iron status. The hemopoietic toxicity, sometimes forced patients to reduce the dosage or to discontinue treatment in rare occasions. The main purpose of the present study was to assess the potential of black seed oil, a known potent antioxidant, to ameliorate the negative impact of ribavirin on hematological indices, iron status and natural immunity in rats...
May 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686746/black-seed-thymoquinone-improved-insulin-secretion-hepatic-glycogen-storage-and-oxidative-stress-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-male-wistar-rats
#3
Heba M A Abdelrazek, Omnia E Kilany, Muhammad A A Muhammad, Hend M Tag, Aaser M Abdelazim
Diabetes mellitus is one of the metabolic diseases having several complications. Nigella sativa oil (NSO) might have beneficial effects in the treatment of diabetic complications. Thirty-two mature male Wistar rats were equally divided into four experimental groups: control, control NSO 2 mL/kg, streptozotocin- (STZ-) induced diabetic, and diabetic (STZ-induced) treated with oral NSO 2 mg/kg for 30 days. Fasting blood glucose (FBG), insulin, and lipid profile levels were determined. Pancreatic and hepatic tissues were used for catalase and GSH...
2018: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648463/protective-effect-of-thymoquinone-the-main-component-of-nigella-sativa-against-diazinon-cardio-toxicity-in-rats
#4
Gholam Hassan Danaei, Bahram Memar, Ramin Ataee, Mohammad Karami
Several studies have shown that oxidative stress and cell damage can occur at very early stages of diazinon (DZN) exposure. The present study was designed to determine the beneficial effect of thymoquinone (Thy), the main component of Nigella sativa (black seed or black cumin), against DZN cardio-toxicity in rats. In the present experimental study, 48 male Wistar rats were randomly divided into six groups: control (corn oil gavages), DZN gavages (20 mg/kg/day), Thy gavages (10 mg/kg/day) and Thy + DVN gavages (2...
April 12, 2018: Drug and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629288/natural-therapeutic-approach-of-nigella-sativa-black-seed-fixed-oil-in-management-of-sinusitis
#5
REVIEW
Mohaddese Mahboubi
Sinusitis is associated with inflammation and infections of air-filled cavities of sinuses. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential efficacy of Nigella sativa seed fixed oil in management of sinusitis. The information was extracted from accessible international databases, traditional books, electronic resources, and unpublished data. Results: The results of investigations on N. sativa seed fixed oil showed its therapeutic potential in treatment of sinusitis by its anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antihistaminic, immune-modulator, antimicrobial and analgesic effects...
March 2018: Integrative Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603306/assessing-the-risk-of-epidemic-dropsy-from-black-salve-use
#6
REVIEW
Andrew Croaker, Graham J King, John H Pyne, Shailendra Anoopkumar-Dukie, Lei Liu
Epidemic dropsy is a potentially life-threatening condition resulting from the ingestion of argemone oil derived from the seeds of Argemone mexicana Linn. Exposure to argemone oil is usually inadvertent, arising from mustard cooking oil adulteration. Sanguinarine, an alkaloid present in argemone oil, has been postulated as a causative agent with the severity of epidemic dropsy correlating with plasma sanguinarine levels. Cases of epidemic dropsy have also been reported following the topical application of argemone containing massage oil...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Applied Toxicology: JAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575789/seed-polyphenolic-profile-antioxidative-activity-and-fatty-acids-composition-of-wild-and-cultivated-carthamus-species
#7
Soraya Karami, Mohammad R Sabzalian, Mehdi Rahimmalek
Total flavonoid content (TFC) and Cyanidin-3-glucoside (Cyd-3-glu) of seed and seed coat extract of sixteen genotypes from five species of Carthamus were studied and their major polyphenolic compounds and antioxidant activity of the seed coat extracts were determined using HPLC analysis and DPPH assay, respectively. Additionally, fatty acids composition of the seed oil was analyzed by GC. In general, TFC and Cyd-3-glu content of seed coat extracts were higher than those of seed extracts. A novel breeding line with black seed coat (named A82) depicted lower TFC (3...
March 25, 2018: Chemistry & Biodiversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557319/dietary-fat-sources-affect-feed-intake-digestibility-rumen-microbial-populations-energy-partition-and-methane-emissions-in-different-beef-cattle-genotypes
#8
C Kaewpila, K Sommart, M Mitsumori
The mitigation of enteric methane emission in beef cattle production is important for reducing feed energy loss and increasing environmental sustainability. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of different oilseeds included in fermented total mixed rations (whole soyabean seed (SBS, control), whole kapok seed (KPS) and cracked oil palm fruit (OPF)) on feed intake, digestibility, rumen microbial populations, energy partition and methane emissions in different cattle genotypes (Charolais crossbred v...
March 20, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433684/short-and-long-term-modulation-of-tissue-minerals-concentrations-following-oral-administration-of-black-cumin-nigella-sativa-l-seed-oil-to-laboratory-rats
#9
Irum Basheer, Irfan Zia Qureshi
BACKGROUND: Nigella sativa, or commonly called black cumin is a small herb of family Ranunculaceae is a well-known medicinal plant but its effects on tissue mineral concentrations of animal bodies is unknown. PURPOSE: To study the effect of oral administration of fixed oil of black cumin seeds on tissues mineral content using laboratory rats as experimental model. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental animals were exposed to two oral doses of seed oil (60 and 120 ml kg-1 body weight)...
January 15, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387368/the-influence-of-pulsed-electric-fields-and-microwave-pretreatments-on-some-selected-physicochemical-properties-of-oil-extracted-from-black-cumin-seed
#10
Hamid Bakhshabadi, HabibOllah Mirzaei, Alireza Ghodsvali, Seid Mahdi Jafari, Aman Mohammad Ziaiifar
Application of novel technologies such as microwave and pulsed electric fields (PEF) might increase the speed and efficiency of oil extraction. In the present research, PEF (3.25 kV/cm electric field intensity and 30 pulse number) and microwave (540 W for 180 s) pretreatments were used to study the process of oil extraction from black cumin ( Nigella sativa ) seeds. After applying the selected pretreatments, the oil of seeds was extracted with the use of a screw press and the extraction efficiency, refractive index, oil density, color index, oxidative stability, and chemical components of oil and protein of meal were evaluated...
January 2018: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381633/evaluation-of-the-effect-of-topical-application-of-nigella-sativa-on-acute-radiation-induced-nasal-mucositis
#11
Hasan Çanakci, Ayşe Asli Şahin Yilmaz, Mustafa Salih Canpolat, Hatice Şeneldir, Gözde Kir, Ali Hikmet Eriş, Alpaslan Mayadağli, Çağatay Oysu
The goal of this study was to demonstrate the effect of radiotherapy (RT) on nasal mucosa in rats and to evaluate the radioprotective effects of the topical application of black seed oil (Nigella sativa [NS]) to treat acute radiation-induced nasal mucositis.A total of 18 rats were randomized into 3 groups, with 6 animals per group. The rats in group 1 were topically administered saline in the nasal cavity after sham irradiation. Group 2 received saline at the same dose after irradiation. Group 3 was given NS after irradiation...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223554/oral-administration-of-nigella-sativa-oil-and-thymoquinone-attenuates-long-term-cisplatin-treatment-induced-toxicity-and-oxidative-damage-in-rat-kidney
#12
Zeba Farooqui, Faaiza Shahid, Aijaz Ahmed Khan, Farah Khan
Cisplatin (CP) is an effective anti-cancer drug which causes remarkable toxicity to the kidney, particularly to proximal tubules, by generating reactive oxygen species. Nigella sativa (NS), commonly known as "black cumin" reduces the progression of various kidney disorders. Thymoquinone (TQ), the major bioactive constituent of NS seeds, has been credited for various pharmacological effects of NS. Since, a typical clinical CP dosing regimen involves CP administration in multiple cycles over a long time duration, hence the present study aimed to evaluate the renoprotective efficacy of NS oil and TQ against multiple dose CP treatment induced deleterious biochemical and histological alterations in rat kidney...
December 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162539/modulation-of-diverse-oncogenic-transcription-factors-by-thymoquinone-an-essential-oil-compound-isolated-from-the-seeds-of-nigella-sativa-linn
#13
REVIEW
Muthu K Shanmugam, Frank Arfuso, Alan Prem Kumar, Lingzhi Wang, Boon Cher Goh, Kwang Seok Ahn, Anupam Bishayee, Gautam Sethi
Thymoquinone (TQ), isolated almost fifty years ago, is the main bioactive constituent of black seed essential oil extracted from the seed of Nigella sativa. TQ has been shown to have promising effects against a variety of inflammatory diseases and cancer. Cancer development is a multistep process where normal cells acquire qualities that enable the cells to proliferate continuously and migrate to distant sites in the human body. Drugs that interfere with this process are considered potential anti-cancer therapeutics, which may ultimately result in their clinical usage...
March 2018: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142424/apoptotic-effect-of-nigella-sativa-on-human-lymphoma-u937-cells
#14
Belkis Atasever Arslan, Fatma Busra Isik, Hazal Gur, Fatih Ozen, Tunc Catal
Objective: Nigella sativa is from botanical Ranunculaceae family and commonly known as black seed. Apoptotic effect of N. sativa and its apoptotic signaling pathways on U937 lymphoma cells are unknown. Materials and Methods: In this study, we investigated selective cytotoxic and apoptotic effects of N. sativa extract and its apoptotic mechanisms on U937 cells. In addition, we also studied selective cytotoxic activity of thymoquinone that is the most active essential oil of N...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039572/thymoquinone-inhibits-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-prostate-cancer-cells-by-negatively-regulating-the-tgf-%C3%AE-smad2-3-signaling-pathway
#15
Bo Kou, Wei Liu, Wei Zhao, Peng Duan, Yang Yang, Qiuyue Yi, Fengwei Guo, Jianpeng Li, Jinsong Zhou, Qingshan Kou
Thymoquinone, a major ingredient of black seed oil (Nigella sativa), has been shown to exhibit anticancer capacity in various types of cancers. However, there are few studies concerning the correlation between thymoquinone and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in prostate cancer. In the present study, we firstly found that thymoquinone showed antimetastatic capacity in prostate cancer DU145 and PC3 cells. Additionally, thymoquinone reversed EMT by increasing E-cadherin expression and decreasing vimentin and Slug expression in a concentration-dependent manner...
October 2, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983249/therapeutic-potential-and-pharmaceutical-development-of-thymoquinone-a-multitargeted-molecule-of-natural-origin
#16
REVIEW
Sameer N Goyal, Chaitali P Prajapati, Prashant R Gore, Chandragouda R Patil, Umesh B Mahajan, Charu Sharma, Sandhya P Talla, Shreesh K Ojha
Thymoquinone, a monoterpene molecule is chemically known as 2-methyl-5-isopropyl-1, 4-benzoquinone. It is abundantly present in seeds of Nigella sativa L. that is popularly known as black cumin or black seed and belongs to the family Ranunculaceae. A large number of studies have revealed that thymoquinone is the major active constituent in N. sativa oil this constituent is responsible for the majority of the pharmacological properties. The beneficial organoprotective activities of thymoquinone in experimental animal models of different human diseases are attributed to the potent anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974821/formulation-characterization-and-antimicrobial-properties-of-black-cumin-essential-oil-nanoemulsions-stabilized-by-osa-starch
#17
Hafiz Rizwan Sharif, Shabbar Abbas, Hamid Majeed, Waseem Safdar, Muhammad Shamoon, Muhammad Aslam Khan, Muhammad Shoaib, Husnain Raza, Junaid Haider
Preparation of oil-in-water nanoemulsions has emerged as a subject of interest for the encapsulation of lipophilic functional ingredients to increase their stability and activity. In this study, black cumin essential oil nanoemulsions (BCO-NE) using different ratios of essential oil with canola and flax seed oils (ripening inhibitors) were formulated and stabilized with octenyl succinic anhydride (OSA) modified waxy maize starch. The nanoemulsions exhibited monomodal size distributions with mean droplet diameter below 200 nm and zeta potential above -30, indicating a strong electrostatic repulsion between the dispersed oil droplets...
September 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956991/persistence-of-trichomonas-gallinae-in-birdseed
#18
Scott McBurney, Whitney K Kelly-Clark, María J Forzán, Raphaël Vanderstichel, Kevin Teather, Spencer J Greenwood
Trichomonas gallinae has emerged worldwide as a cause of mortality in songbirds (passerines). The congregation of numerous birds, including the reservoir hosts, pigeons and doves (columbids), at backyard feeding and watering sources has been suggested as a potential driver for the outbreaks. Evidence supporting a role for water in transmission has been established, but the role of birdseed in the transmission of trichomoniasis remained to be investigated. We assessed the survival of T. gallinae in three commercial birdseeds (mixed seed, black-oil sunflower seed, and niger seed) routinely used to attract passerine birds to local properties...
September 2017: Avian Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938193/protective-effect-of-thymoquinone-against-diazinon-induced-hematotoxicity-genotoxicity-and-immunotoxicity-in-rats
#19
Gholam Hassan Danaei, Mohammad Karami
Several studies have shown that oxidative stress and cell damage can occur in the very early stages of diazinon (DZN) exposure. The present study was designed to determine the beneficial effect of thymoquinone (Thy), the main component of Nigella sativa (black seed or black cumin) against DZN immunotoxicity, hematotoxicity and genotoxicity in rats. In the present experimental study, 48 male Wistar rats were randomly divided into six groups, (eight per group) as follows: control (receiving corn oil as the DZN solvent), DZN (20mg/kg), Thy (10mg/kg), Thy (2...
September 7, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926201/effect-of-topical-application-of-black-seed-oil-on-imiquimod-induced-psoriasis-like-lesions-in-the-thin-skin-of-adult-male-albino-rats
#20
Ebtsam F Okasha, Naglaa A Bayomy, Eman Z Abdelaziz
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that affects about 1%-3% of the world's population. Black seed oil, i.e., the oil extracted from black seeds (Nigella sativa seeds), possesses a broad spectrum of pharmacological actions including anti-inflammatory, immunostimulatory, and antioxidant properties. This study aimed to investigate the effect of black seed oil on imiquimod (IMQ) induced psoriasis-like skin lesions. To this end, 30 male albino rats were divided into three groups: group I, control group; group II, psoriasis-induced group receiving daily topical applications of IMQ cream (5%) on the shaved back skin for 10 consecutive days; and group III, black seed oil group receiving a daily topical dose of black seed oil 5 mg/kg body weight for 10 days after induction of psoriasis...
January 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
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