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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149141/music-induced-analgesia-in-chronic-pain-conditions-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Eduardo A Garza-Villarreal, Victor Pando, Peter Vuust, Christine Parsons
BACKGROUND: Music is increasingly used as an adjuvant for the management of chronic pain (CP), as it is non-invasive, inexpensive, and patients usually report positive experiences with it. However, little is known about its clinical efficacy in chronic pain patients. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine the effect of music as an adjuvant for chronic pain, as well as to identify characteristics of music interventions associated with positive clinical outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we investigated randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of adult patients that reported any type of music intervention for chronic pain, chosen by the researcher or patient, lasting for any duration...
November 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145305/prognostic-significance-of-metabolic-enzyme-pyruvate-kinase-m2-in-breast-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#2
Yiming Yang, Ke Wu, Yulin Liu, Liang Shi, Kaixiong Tao, Guobin Wang
BACKGROUNDS: Numerous studies have reported that aberrant pyruvate kinase M2 isoform (PKM2) expressed in cancer, indicating that PKM2 plays a critical role in tumor initiation and progression. Nevertheless, its prognostic value in breast cancer tumor is yet contentious. Therefore, we performed this meta-analysis to evaluate the prognostic significance of PKM2 in breast cancer. METHODS: Eligible relevant literatures were retrieved by searching PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Embase through December 2016...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143379/region-dependent-hamstrings-activity-in-nordic-hamstring-exercise-and-stiff-leg-deadlift-defined-with-high-density-emg
#3
András Hegyi, Annamária Péter, Taija Finni, Neil J Cronin
Recent studies suggest region-specific metabolic activity in hamstring muscles during injury prevention exercises, but the neural representation of this phenomenon is unknown. The aim of this study was to examine whether regional differences are evident in the activity of biceps femoris long head (BFlh) and semitendinosus (ST) muscles during two common injury prevention exercises. Twelve male participants without a history of hamstring injury performed the Nordic hamstring exercise (NHE) and stiff-leg deadlift (SDL) while BFlh and ST activity were recorded with high-density electromyography (HD-EMG)...
November 15, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141813/the-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-as-disease-actvity-marker-in-multiple-sclerosis-and-optic-neuritis
#4
A K Bisgaard, G Pihl-Jensen, J L Frederiksen
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the central nervous system (CNS). The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been identified as a disease activity marker in several diseases. We aim to evaluate the significance of the NLR in the different subtypes of MS, optic neuritis (ON) and in relation to disease activity and Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS). METHODS: We included 378 patients and 813 healthy controls (HC) from The Nordic Reference Interval Project 2000 (NORIP)...
November 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133597/occupational-exposure-to-asbestos-and-risk-of-cholangiocarcinoma-a-population-based-case-control-study-in-four-nordic-countries
#5
Andrea Farioli, Kurt Straif, Giovanni Brandi, Stefania Curti, Kristina Kjaerheim, Jan Ivar Martinsen, Pär Sparen, Laufey Tryggvadottir, Elisabete Weiderpass, Guido Biasco, Francesco Saverio Violante, Stefano Mattioli, Eero Pukkala
OBJECTIVES: To assess the association between occupational exposure to asbestos and the risk of cholangiocarcinoma (CC). METHODS: We conducted a case-control study nested in the Nordic Occupational Cancer (NOCCA) cohort. We studied 1458 intrahepatic CC (ICC) and 3972 extrahepatic CC (ECC) cases occurring among subjects born in 1920 or later in Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden. Each case was individually matched by birth year, gender and country to five population controls...
November 13, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132062/risk-of-early-onset-prostate-cancer-associated-with-occupation-in-the-nordic-countries
#6
Kathryn Hughes Barry, Jan Ivar Martinsen, Michael C R Alavanja, Gabriella Andreotti, Aaron Blair, Johnni Hansen, Kristina Kjærheim, Stella Koutros, Elsebeth Lynge, Pär Sparèn, Laufey Tryggvadottir, Elisabete Weiderpass, Sonja I Berndt, Eero Pukkala
BACKGROUND: Early-onset prostate cancer is often more aggressive and may have a different aetiology than later-onset prostate cancer, but has been relatively little studied to date. We evaluated occupation in relation to early- and later-onset prostate cancer in a large pooled study. METHODS: We used occupational information from census data in five Nordic countries from 1960 to 1990. We identified prostate cancer cases diagnosed from 1961 to 2005 by linkage of census information to national cancer registries and calculated standardised incidence ratios (SIRs) separately for men aged 30-49 and those aged 50 or older...
November 10, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127478/risk-factors-for-episodic-neck-pain-in-workers-a-5-year-prospective-study-of-a-general-working-population
#7
Audrey Petit, Julie Bodin, Angélique Delarue, Alexis D'Escatha, Natacha Fouquet, Yves Roquelaure
PURPOSE: Development of neck pain (NP) in workers has a multifactorial etiology and depends on both individual and workplace factors. The aim of this study was to investigate risk factors for episodic NP in a large diverse sample of active workers. METHODS: A prospective study based on the surveillance program implemented by the French Public Health Agency in the Loire Valley region. Between 2002 and 2005, 3710 workers were included. Between 2007 and 2010, 2332 workers responded to a follow-up questionnaire which assessed: (1) musculoskeletal symptoms (Nordic questionnaire) and (2) individual and work-related risk factors...
November 10, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123372/the-effect-of-musculoskeletal-problems-on-fatigue-and-productivity-of-office-personnel-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
REVIEW
H Daneshmandi, A R Choobineh, H Ghaem, M Alhamd, A Fakherpour
Introduction: Work-related Musculoskeletal Disorders (WMSDs) can impact on fatigue and productivity of office workers. This study aimed to investigate the effect of musculoskeletal problems on fatigue and productivity among office personnel. Methods: This study was performed on 101 Iranian office workers. Data were gathered through a demographic questionnaire, Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire, Numeric Rating Scale, Persian version of Multidimensional Assessment of Fatigue Scale, and Persian version of Health and Work Questionnaire...
September 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119562/validating-performance-of-triss-tarn-and-normit-survival-prediction-models-in-a-norwegian-trauma-population
#9
N O Skaga, T Eken, S Søvik
INTRODUCTION: Anatomic injury, physiological derangement, age, injury mechanism and pre-injury comorbidity are well-founded predictors of trauma outcome. Statistical prediction models may have poorer discrimination, calibration and accuracy when applied in new locations. We aimed to compare the TRISS, TARN and NORMIT survival prediction models in a Norwegian trauma population. METHODS: Consecutive patients admitted to Oslo University Hospital Ullevål within 24 h after injury, with Injury Severity Score ≥ 10, proximal penetrating injuries, or received by trauma team, were studied...
November 8, 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113142/a-real-time-smooth-weighted-data-fusion-algorithm-for-greenhouse-sensing-based-on-wireless-sensor-networks
#10
Tengyue Zou, Yuanxia Wang, Mengyi Wang, Shouying Lin
Wireless sensor networks are widely used to acquire environmental parameters to support agricultural production. However, data variation and noise caused by actuators often produce complex measurement conditions. These factors can lead to nonconformity in reporting samples from different nodes and cause errors when making a final decision. Data fusion is well suited to reduce the influence of actuator-based noise and improve automation accuracy. A key step is to identify the sensor nodes disturbed by actuator noise and reduce their degree of participation in the data fusion results...
November 6, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112960/expression-of-p53-protein-in-high-grade-gastroenteropancreatic-neuroendocrine-carcinoma
#11
Abir Salwa Ali, Malin Grönberg, Birgitte Federspiel, Jean-Yves Scoazec, Geir Olav Hjortland, Henning Grønbæk, Morten Ladekarl, Seppo W Langer, Staffan Welin, Lene Weber Vestermark, Johanna Arola, Pia Österlund, Ulrich Knigge, Halfdan Sorbye, Lars Grimelius, Eva Tiensuu Janson
BACKGROUND: Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine carcinomas (GEP-NECs) are aggressive, rapidly proliferating tumors. Therapeutic response to current chemotherapy regimens is usually short lasting. The aim of this study was to examine the expression and potential clinical importance of immunoreactive p53 protein in GEP-NEC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Tumor tissues from 124 GEP-NEC patients with locally advanced or metastatic disease treated with platinum-based chemotherapy were collected from Nordic centers and clinical data were obtained from the Nordic NEC register...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112520/maternal-diabetes-mellitus-and-genital-anomalies-in-male-offspring-a-nationwide-cohort-study-in-two-nordic-countries
#12
Linn Håkonsen Arendt, Morten Søndergaard Lindhard, Tine Brink Henriksen, Jørn Olsen, Sven Cnattingius, Gunnar Petersson, Erik Thorlund Parner, Cecilia Høst Ramlau-Hansen
BACKGROUND: Diabetes in pregnancy has been associated with an increased risk of congenital malformations overall, but studies on genital anomalies in boys are conflicting and possible causal mechanisms are not well understood. Previous studies have mainly assessed pre-gestational and gestational diabetes in combination. Yet considering the vulnerable time windows for the genital anomalies, associations could well differ between types of diabetes and between the two genital anomalies and we therefore aimed to study this further...
November 6, 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107359/heart-transplantation-in-arrhythmogenic-right-ventricular-cardiomyopathy-experience-from-the-nordic-arvc-registry
#13
Thomas Gilljam, Kristina H Haugaa, Henrik K Jensen, Anneli Svensson, Henning Bundgaard, Jim Hansen, Göran Dellgren, Finn Gustafsson, Hans Eiskjær, Arne K Andreassen, Johan Sjögren, Thor Edvardsen, Anders G Holst, Jesper Hastrup Svendsen, Pyotr G Platonov
OBJECTIVE: There is a paucity of data on heart transplantation (HTx) in patients with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC), and specific recommendations on indications for listing ARVC patients for HTx are lacking. In order to delineate features pertinent to HTx assessment, we explored the pre-HTx characteristics and clinical history in a cohort of ARVC patients who received heart transplants. METHODS: Data from 31 ARVC/HTx patients enrolled in the Nordic ARVC Registry, transplanted between 1988 and 2014 at a median age of 46years (14-65), were compared with data from 152 non-transplanted probands with Definite ARVC according to 2010 Task Force Criteria from the same registry...
October 21, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106337/open-access-acta-going-electronic-only-for-members-of-the-nordic-orthopaedic-federation
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100923/food-waste-quantification-in-primary-production-the-nordic-countries-as-a-case-study
#15
Hanna Hartikainen, Lisbeth Mogensen, Erik Svanes, Ulrika Franke
Our understanding of food waste in the food supply chain has increased, but very few studies have been published on food waste in primary production. The overall aims of this study were to quantify the total amount of food waste in primary production in Finland, Sweden, Norway and Denmark, and to create a framework for how to define and quantify food waste in primary production. The quantification of food waste was based on case studies conducted in the present study and estimates published in scientific literature...
October 31, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096776/one-year-outcome-for-responders-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-pediatric-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#16
Davíð R M A Højgaard, Katja A Hybel, Tord Ivarsson, Gudmundur Skarphedinsson, Judith Becker Nissen, Bernhard Weidle, Karin Melin, Nor Christian Torp, Robert Valderhaug, Kitty Dahl, Erik Lykke Mortensen, Scott Compton, Sanne Jensen, Fabian Lenhard, Per Hove Thomsen
OBJECTIVE: This study describes 1-year treatment outcomes from a large sample of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) responders, investigates age as a possible moderator of these treatment outcomes, and evaluates clinical relapse at the 1-year follow-up. METHOD: This study is the planned follow-up to the Nordic Long-term OCD [obsessive-compulsive disorder] Treatment Study (NordLOTS), which included 177 children and adolescents who were rated as treatment responders following CBT for OCD...
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096772/enduring-effects-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-pediatric-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-the-nordic-experience
#17
EDITORIAL
Daniel A Geller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081920/the-perverse-impact-of-external-reference-pricing-erp-a-comparison-of-orphan-drugs-affordability-in-12-european-countries-a-call-for-policy-change
#18
K E Young, I Soussi, M Toumi
Objective: The study compared the relative cost differences of similar orphan drugs among high and low GDP countries in Europe: Bulgaria, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Norway, Poland, Romania, Spain, Sweden, UK. Methods: Annual treatment costs per patient were calculated. Relative costs were computed by dividing the costs by each economic parameter: nominal GDP per capita, GDP in PPP per capita, % GDP contributed by the government, government budget per inhabitant, % GDP spent on healthcare, % GDP spent on pharmaceuticals, and average annual salary...
2017: Journal of Market Access & Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081023/combined-treatment-with-pemetrexed-and-vinflunine-in-patients-with-metastatic-urothelial-cell-carcinoma-after-prior-platinum-containing-chemotherapy-results-of-an-exploratory-phase-i-study
#19
H Pappot, H von der Maase, A Ullén, M Agerbæk
Vinflunine is to date the only registered agent for second-line treatment of metastatic urothelial cell carcinoma (UCC) in Europe. However, the effect is modest. Pemetrexed has demonstrated some single-agent activity in this disease entity. In order to improve treatment possibilities for UCC patients, a phase I trial (VINTREX) was undertaken to assess the safety of vinflunine and pemetrexed in metastatic UCC patients. A dose escalation design was planned to determine the dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) and maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of a vinflunine/pemetrexed combination...
October 28, 2017: Investigational New Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080977/dairy-product-intake-and-mortality-in-a-cohort-of-70-year-old-swedes-a-contribution-to-the-nordic-diet-discussion
#20
Gianluca Tognon, Elisabet Rothenberg, Martina Petrolo, Valter Sundh, Lauren Lissner
INTRODUCTION: Conflicting results in the literature exist on the role of dairy products in the context of a Nordic Healthy Diet (NHD). Two recent Swedish studies indicate both negative and positive associations with total mortality when comparing key dairy products. There is no consensus about how to include these foods into the NHD. PURPOSE: To study consumption of cheese and milk products (milk, sour milk and unsweetened yoghurt) by 70-year-old Swedes in relation to all-cause mortality...
October 28, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
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