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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771482/correction-opportunities-and-challenges-for-real-world-studies-on-chronic-inflammatory-joint-diseases-through-data-enrichment-and-collaboration-between-national-registers-the-nordic-example
#1
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770760/adherence-to-the-new-nordic-diet-during-pregnancy-and-subsequent-maternal-weight-development-a-study-conducted-in-the-norwegian-mother-and-child-cohort-study-moba
#2
Marianne Skreden, Elisabet R Hillesund, Andrew K Wills, Anne Lise Brantsæter, Elling Bere, Nina C Øverby
The rising prevalence of overweight and obesity is a worldwide public health challenge. Pregnancy and beyond is a potentially important window for future weight gain in women. We investigated associations between maternal adherence to the New Nordic diet (NND) during pregnancy and maternal BMI trajectories from delivery to 8 years post delivery. Data are from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort. Pregnant women from all of Norway were recruited between 1999 and 2008, and 55 056 are included in the present analysis...
June 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765909/shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-infection-in-j%C3%A3-nk%C3%A3-ping-county-sweden-occurrence-and-molecular-characteristics-in-correlation-with-clinical-symptoms-and-duration-of-stx-shedding
#3
Xiangning Bai, Sara Mernelius, Cecilia Jernberg, Ing-Marie Einemo, Stefan Monecke, Ralf Ehricht, Sture Löfgren, Andreas Matussek
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) cause bloody diarrhea (BD), hemorrhagic colitis (HC), and even hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). In Nordic countries, STEC are widely spread and usually associated with gastrointestinal symptoms and HUS. The objective of this study was to investigate the occurrence of STEC in Swedish patients over 10 years of age from 2003 through 2015, and to analyze the correlation of critical STEC virulence factors with clinical symptoms and duration of stx shedding. Diarrheal stool samples were screened for presence of stx by real-time PCR...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764468/development-and-implementation-of-a-geographical-area-categorisation-method-with-targeted-performance-indicators-for-nationwide-ems-in-finland
#4
Jukka Pappinen, Päivi Laukkanen-Nevala, Pekka Mäntyselkä, Jouni Kurola
BACKGROUND: In Finland, hospital districts (HD) are required by law to determine the level and availability of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) for each 1-km2 sized area (cell) within their administrative area. The cells are currently categorised into five risk categories based on the predicted number of missions. Methodological defects and insufficient instructions have led to incomparability between EMS services. The aim of this study was to describe a new, nationwide method for categorising the cells, analyse EMS response time data and describe possible differences in mission profiles between the new risk category areas...
May 15, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757408/comparison-of-antibiotic-prescribing-and-antimicrobial-resistance-in-urinary-tract-infections-at-the-municipal-level-among-women-in-two-nordic-regions
#5
Jette Nygaard Jensen, Eva Melander, Katarina Hedin, Lars Bjerrum, Helena Kornfält Isberg, Anne Holm, Helle Neel Jacobsen, Annette Skovby, Gloria Cristina Córdoba Currea, Lena Hyllebusk, Emma Brogaard, Magnus Arpi
Objectives: To describe and compare the prescribing of antibiotics used for urinary tract infections and its correlation with resistance in Escherichia coli in urinary samples across two adjacent regions-the Capital Region and the Skaane Region-and their municipalities in Denmark and Sweden. Methods: The Capital Region consists of 29 municipalities and 725 960 female inhabitants aged ≥18 years and the Skaane Region consists of 33 municipalities and 515 668 female inhabitants aged ≥18 years...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755995/assessing-medical-prescription-forms-as-a-communication-tool-in-trans-european-health-care
#6
Afonso Miguel Cavaco, Miguel Mourato, Sofia Ferreira, Selen Yeğenoğlu
Objective: The objective of the study was to compare the medical prescription forms in European Union (EU) countries, evaluating their convergence toward the implementation of cross-border care, as proposed by the existing EU health-care directives. It also aims to assess how the existing EU prescription models fulfill higher standards of medication prescribing quality and patient safety. Methods: Prescription forms from all EU countries were purposively collected...
January 2018: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753501/low-rate-of-reoperations-after-acute-type-a-aortic-dissection-repair-from-the-nordic-consortium-registry
#7
Emily Pan, Tomas Gudbjartsson, Anders Ahlsson, Simon Fuglsang, Arnar Geirsson, Emma C Hansson, Vibeke Hjortdal, Anders Jeppsson, Kati Järvelä, Ari Mennander, Shahab Nozohoor, Christian Olsson, Anders Wickbom, Igor Zindovic, Jarmo Gunn
OBJECTIVES: To describe the relationship between the extent of primary aortic repair and the incidence of reoperations after surgery for type A aortic dissection. METHODS: A retrospective cohort of 1159 patients treated for type A aortic dissection at eight Nordic low- to medium-sized cardiothoracic centers from 2005 to 2014. Data were gathered from patient records and national registries. Patients were separately divided into 3 groups according to the distal anastomoses technique (ascending aorta [n = 791], hemiarch [n = 247], and total arch [n = 66]), and into 2 groups for proximal repair (aortic root replacement [n = 285] and supracoronary repair [n = 832])...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752724/pregnancy-complications-and-subsequent-breast-cancer-risk-in-the-mother-a-nordic-population-based-case-control-study
#8
Rebecca Troisi, Anne Gulbech Ording, Tom Grotmol, Ingrid Glimelius, Anders Engeland, Mika Gissler, Britton Trabert, Anders Ekbom, Laura Madanat-Harjuoja, Henrik Toft Sørensen, Steinar Tretli, Tone Bjørge
Certain features of pregnancy are important risk factors for breast cancer, such as protection afforded by young age at first birth. Preeclampsia, a pregnancy complication, is associated with reduced maternal breast cancer risk. However, questions remain regarding causality, biological mechanisms and the relation of other hypertensive conditions to risk. We conducted a population-based case-control study of breast cancer cases (n=116,196) in parous women identified through linkage of birth and cancer registries in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden (1967-2013), including up to 10 matched controls per case (n=1,147,192) sampled from the birth registries (complete data were not available on all variables)...
May 11, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748507/nordicwalking-performance-analysis-with-an-integrated-monitoring-system
#9
Francesco Mocera, Giuseppe Aquilino, Aurelio Somà
There is a growing interest in Nordic walking both from the fitness and medical point of views due to its possible therapeutic applications. The proper execution of the technique is an essential requirement to maximize the benefits of this practice. This is the reason why a monitoring system for outdoor Nordic walking activity was developed. Using data obtained from synchronized sensors, it is possible to have a complete overview of the users' movements. The system described in this paper is able to measure: the pole angle during the pushing phase, the arms cycle frequency and synchronization and the pushing force applied to the ground...
May 10, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743982/effects-of-nordic-walking-on-oxidant-and-antioxidant-status-levels-of-calcidiol-and-proinflammatory-cytokines-in-middle-aged-women
#10
Wanda Pilch, Łukasz Tota, Anna Piotrowska, Ewa Śliwicka, Olga Czerwińska-Ledwig, Roxana Zuziak, Łucja Pilaczyńska-Szcześniak
Objectives: Nordic walking (NW) is relatively new and popular type of physical exercise with less studied effects than other sports activities. The aim of the study was to analyze possible changes in somatic indices, oxidant and antioxidant status, interleukins, and calcidiol levels in middle-aged women after a 12-week NW training program. Study Design: In this study, we examined the effects of NW training on selected measures and changes in body weight, fat mass, and calcidiol levels...
2018: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743780/comparing-the-effectiveness-of-three-ergonomic-risk-assessment-methods-rula-luba-and-nerpa-to-predict-the-upper-extremity-musculoskeletal-disorders
#11
Saeid Yazdanirad, Amir Hossein Khoshakhlagh, Ehsanollah Habibi, Asma Zare, Mohammad Zeinodini, Fatemeh Dehghani
Background: Musculoskeletal disorders are a major problem in all jobs. Several methods are available for assessing the exposure to risk factors associated with musculoskeletal disorders. This study is aimed at comparing three different ergonomic risk assessment methods-rapid upper limb assessment (RULA), loading on the upper body assessment (LUBA), and new ergonomic posture assessment (NERPA) method-to predict upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted on 210 workers from three different industries including pharmaceutical, automotive, and assembly in the Isfahan province...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740557/hip-and-trunk-muscles-activity-during-nordic-hamstring-exercise
#12
Shideh Narouei, Atsushi Imai, Hiroshi Akuzawa, Kiyotaka Hasebe, Koji Kaneoka
The nordic hamstring exercise (NHE) is a dynamic lengthening hamstring exercise that requires trunk and hip muscles activation. Thigh muscles activation, specifically hamstring/quadriceps contractions has been previously examined during NHE. Trunk and hip muscles activity have not been enough studied. The aim of this study was to analyze of hip and trunk muscles activity during NHE. Surface electromyography (EMG) and kinematic data were collected during NHE. Ten healthy men with the age range of 21-36 years performed two sets of two repetitions with downward and upward motions each of NHE...
April 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739641/avoidable-cancers-in-the-nordic-countries-the-impact-of-alcohol-consumption
#13
Therese M-L Andersson, Gerda Engholm, Eero Pukkala, Magnus Stenbeck, Laufey Tryggvadottir, Hans Storm, Elisabete Weiderpass
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption is an important and preventable cause of cancer. The aim of this study was to quantify the proportion of the cancer burden in the Nordic countries linked to alcohol and estimate the potential for cancer prevention by changes in alcohol consumption. METHODS: Using the Prevent macro-simulation model, the number of cancer cases in the Nordic countries over a 30-year period (2016-2045) was modelled for six sites, under different scenarios of changing alcohol consumption, and compared to the projected number of cases if constant alcohol consumption prevailed...
May 5, 2018: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739383/validation-of-the-npaq-short-a-brief-questionnaire-to-monitor-physical-activity-and-compliance-with-the-who-recommendations
#14
Ida Høgstedt Danquah, Christina Bjørk Petersen, Sofie Smedegaard Skov, Janne S Tolstrup
BACKGROUND: Using self-reported surveys to monitor physical activity levels in the population require short items covering both time and intensity. The present study aims to 1) develop the Nordic Physical Activity Questionnaire-short from the original version of the NPAQ, 2) assess test-retest reliability and criterion validity of the NPAQ-short, and 3) test the NPAQ-short's ability to monitor compliance with the WHO recommendations on physical activity. In addition, we aimed to compare open and closed-ended answering modes for the NPAQ-short...
May 8, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739286/sixfold-post-fracture-mortality-in-16-to-30-year-old-patients-suicides-homicides-and-intoxications-among-leading-causes-of-death
#15
A Somersalo, J Paloneva, E Lönnroos, M Heinänen, H Koponen, I Kiviranta
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The death of any young individual is associated with the loss of many potentially fulfilling years of life. It has been suggested that the relative mortality of fracture patients may be higher in younger age groups than in older cohorts. We determined the mortality and causes of death in a cohort of 16- to 30-year-old patients that had been hospitalized for fractures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We collected data using criteria based on the diagnosis code (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th Revision), surgical procedure code (Nordic Medico-Statistical Committee), and seven additional characteristics of patients admitted to the trauma ward at the Central Finland Hospital between 2002 and 2008...
May 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726749/international-variation-in-programmes-for-assessment-of-children-s-neurodevelopment-in-the-community-understanding-disparate-approaches-to-evaluation-of-motor-social-emotional-behavioural-and-cognitive-function
#16
Philip Wilson, Rachael Wood, Kirsten Lykke, Anette Hauskov Graungaard, Ruth Kirk Ertmann, Merethe Kirstine Andersen, Ole Rikard Haavet, Per Lagerløv, Eirik Abildsnes, Mina P Dahli, Marjukka Mäkelä, Aleksi Varinen, Merja Hietanen
BACKGROUND: Few areas of medicine demonstrate such international divergence as child development screening and surveillance. Many countries have nationally mandated surveillance policies, but the content of programmes and mechanisms for delivery vary enormously. The cost of programmes is substantial but no economic evaluations have been carried out. We have critically examined the history, underlying philosophy, content and delivery of programmes for child development assessment in five countries with comprehensive publicly funded health services (Denmark, Finland, Norway, Scotland and Sweden)...
May 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724248/predicting-unfavorable-long-term-outcome-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-results-from-the-nordic-cohort-study
#17
Veronika Rypdal, Ellen Dalen Arnstad, Kristiina Aalto, Lillemor Berntson, Maria Ekelund, Anders Fasth, Mia Glerup, Troels Herlin, Susan Nielsen, Suvi Peltoniemi, Marek Zak, Marite Rygg, Martin Rypdal, Ellen Nordal
BACKGROUND: The aim was to develop prediction rules that may guide early treatment decisions based on baseline clinical predictors of long-term unfavorable outcome in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). METHODS: In the Nordic JIA cohort, we assessed baseline disease characteristics as predictors of the following outcomes 8 years after disease onset. Non-achievement of remission off medication according to the preliminary Wallace criteria, functional disability assessed by Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire (CHAQ) and Physical Summary Score (PhS) of the Child Health Questionnaire, and articular damage assessed by the Juvenile Arthritis Damage Index-Articular (JADI-A)...
May 3, 2018: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718689/comparative-effects-of-different-dietary-approaches-on-blood-pressure-in-hypertensive-and-pre-hypertensive-patients-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#18
Lukas Schwingshackl, Anna Chaimani, Carolina Schwedhelm, Estefania Toledo, Marina Pünsch, Georg Hoffmann, Heiner Boeing
BACKGROUND: Pairwise meta-analyses have shown beneficial effects of individual dietary approaches on blood pressure but their comparative effects have not been established. OBJECTIVE: Therefore we performed a systematic review of different dietary intervention trials and estimated the aggregate blood pressure effects through network meta-analysis including hypertensive and pre-hypertensive patients. DESIGN: PubMed, Cochrane CENTRAL, and Google Scholar were searched until June 2017...
May 2, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708025/the-use-of-arts-interventions-for-mental-health-and-wellbeing-in-health-settings
#19
A Jensen, L O Bonde
AIMS: This literature review aims to illustrate the variety and multitude of studies showing that participation in arts activities and clinical arts interventions can be beneficial for citizens with mental and physical health problems. The article is focused on mental health benefits because this is an emerging field in the Nordic countries where evidence is demanded from national health agencies that face an increasing number of citizens with poor mental health and a need for non-medical interventions and programmes...
April 1, 2018: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702651/can-only-poorer-european-countries-afford-large-carnivores
#20
Ilpo Kojola, Ville Hallikainen, Timo Helle, Jon E Swenson
BACKGROUND: One of the classic approaches in environmental economics is the environmental Kuznets curve, which predicts that when a national economy grows from low to medium levels, threats to biodiversity conservation increase, but they decrease when the economy moves from medium to high. We evaluated this approach by examining how population densities of the brown bear (Ursus arctos), gray wolf (Canis lupus), and Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) were related to the national economy in 24 European countries...
2018: PloS One
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