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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913026/assessing-membrane-fouling-and-the-performance-of-pilot-scale-membrane-bioreactor-mbr-to-treat-real-municipal-wastewater-during-winter-season-in-nordic-regions
#1
Khum Gurung, Mohamed Chaker Ncibi, Mika Sillanpää
In this study, the performance of a pilot-scale membrane bioreactor (MBR) to treat real municipal wastewater was assessed at low temperatures (7 to 20°C) in Nordic regions. First, the effect of low temperatures on membrane fouling was evaluated by monitoring trans-membrane pressure. A significant membrane fouling was observed when the sludge temperature inside the MBR unit was below 10°C with a 75% permeability drop, thus indicating high deterioration of the membrane performance at low temperatures. Moreover, increasing values of sludge volume index (SVI) during low temperatures showed high deterioration of sludge settleability...
November 29, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911044/utilization-of-stimulants-and-atomoxetine-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-among-5-4-million-children-using-population-based-longitudinal-data
#2
Kari Furu, Øystein Karlstad, Helga Zoega, Jaana E Martikainen, Shahram Bahmanyar, Helle Kieler, Anton Pottegård
Use of stimulants to treat Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has increased over the past two decades and varies substantially between countries. The objective of this multinational population-based study was to examine utilization of ADHD drugs (stimulants and atomoxetine) including co-medication with other psychothropic drugs in the entire child population in the five Nordic countries. We included longitudinal data on dispensed ADHD drugs from five Nordic prescription registers during 2008-2012; which in 2012 comprised 48,296 individuals among 5...
December 2, 2016: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900662/randomized-controlled-trial-of-hyalobarrier-%C3%A2-versus-no-hyalobarrier-%C3%A2-on-the-ovulatory-status-of-women-with-periovarian-adhesions-a-pilot-study
#3
Ying Cheong, Sarah Bailey, Jane Forbes
INTRODUCTION: Periadnexal adhesions are known to contribute to subfertility. The restoration of the tubo-ovarian anatomy is one the key principles in reproductive surgery, and this involves adhesiolysis. However, adhesion formation/reformation is very common after periovarian adhesiolysis. It is not known if the application of Hyalobarrier(®), an anti-adhesion gel, around the adnexal region postsurgery influences ovulatory status. The study is a pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) randomizing women into the application of Hyalobarrier(®) versus no Hyalobarrier(®) at the time of laparoscopy, where postsurgical ovulatory status and pregnancy rates were evaluated...
November 29, 2016: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895349/prevalence-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-dentists-in-teaching-hospitals-in-karachi-pakistan
#4
Muhammad Hasan Hameed, Robia Ghafoor, Farhan Raza Khan, Sheikh Bilal Badar
Work-related musculoskeletal pain is common among healthcare professionals, including dentists. This cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) among dentists. This study was carried out from January to April 2016 at various teaching hospitals of Karachi, and comprised 230 dentists. A self-administered questionnaire, adapted from a validated Nordic questionnaire, was distributed among the participants. Descriptive statistics were computed and associations of interest were analysed using chi-square test...
October 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894152/surgical-decompression-in-the-treatment-of-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Yiji Tu, William Charles Lineaweaver, Zenggan Chen, Junda Hu, Fred Mullins, Feng Zhang
Background Over the last decade, surgical decompression procedures have been commonly used in the treatment of diabetic peripheral neuropathy. However, the effectiveness of them remains to be proved. Methods A comprehensive literature search of databases including PubMed-Medline, Ovid-EMBASE, and Cochrane Library was performed to collect the related literatures. The Medical Subject Headings used were "diabetic neuropathy," "surgical decompression," and "outcomes." The methodological index for nonrandomized studies was adopted for assessing the studies included in this review...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891170/prevalence-and-predictors-of-musculoskeletal-pain-among-danish-fishermen-results-from-a-cross-sectional-survey
#6
Gabriele Berg-Beckhoff, Helle Østergaard, Jørgen Riis Jepsen
BACKGROUND: Fishermen work in a physically challenging work environment. The aim of this analysis was to estimate the prevalence and predictors of musculoskeletal pain among Danish fishermen. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey in a random sample of Danish fishermen was done with application of the Nordic questionnaire regarding musculoskeletal pain considering lower back, shoulders, hand neck, knee, upper back elbow, hip and feet. In total, 270 fishermen participated in the study (response rate: 28%)...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889951/performance-of-the-high-dimensional-propensity-score-in-a-nordic-health-care-model
#7
Jesper Hallas, Anton Pottegård
The high-dimensional propensity score (hdPS) is increasingly used as a tool to adjust for confounding in observational studies of drug effects. It was developed within very rich data sources, e.g., the American claims databases. Thus, it is unknown whether it can be applied in settings that provide little more than prescriptions and diagnoses from hospital contacts, as in the Nordic data sources. Our objective was to evaluate the performance of hdPS under such circumstances. As our model, we chose the association between use of selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors (coxibs) and traditional NSAIDs (tNSAIDs) and the risk of upper GI bleeding...
November 27, 2016: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886073/effect-of-six-month-diet-intervention-on-sleep-among-overweight-and-obese-men-with-chronic-insomnia-symptoms-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Xiao Tan, Markku Alén, Kun Wang, Jarkko Tenhunen, Petri Wiklund, Markku Partinen, Sulin Cheng
Growing evidence suggests that diet alteration affects sleep, but this has not yet been studied in adults with insomnia symptoms. We aimed to determine the effect of a six-month diet intervention on sleep among overweight and obese (Body mass index, BMI ≥ 25 kg/m²) men with chronic insomnia symptoms. Forty-nine men aged 30-65 years with chronic insomnia symptoms were randomized into diet (n = 28) or control (n = 21) groups. The diet group underwent a six-month individualized diet intervention with three face-to-face counseling sessions and online supervision 1-3 times per week; 300-500 kcal/day less energy intake and optimized nutrient composition were recommended...
November 23, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884864/sports-injuries-and-illnesses-in-the-lillehammer-2016-youth-olympic-winter-games
#9
Kathrin Steffen, Christine Holm Moseid, Lars Engebretsen, Pia K Søberg, Olav Amundsen, Kristian Holm, Thomas Moger, Torbjørn Soligard
BACKGROUND: Injury and illness surveillance during high-level youth sports events is an important first step in health prevention and caretaking of the young elite athletes. AIM: To analyse injuries and illnesses that occurred during the 10 days 2nd Youth Olympic Winter Games (YOG), held in Lillehammer 2016. METHODS: We recorded the daily occurrence (or non-occurrence) of injuries and illnesses through the reporting of (1) all National Olympic Committee (NOC) medical teams and (2) the polyclinic and medical venues by the Lillehammer Organising Committee (LYOCOG) medical staff...
November 24, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871767/-nordic-walking-for-cardiovascular-prevention-in-patients-with-ischaemic-heart-disease-or-metabolic-syndrome
#10
Cristina Vehí, Carles Falces, Miquel Àngel Sarlat, Ana Gonzalo, Rut Andrea, Marta Sitges
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The incidence of atherosclerotic diseases has increased in Europe due in part to the population's sedentary lifestyle. Physical activity is useful for cardiovascular prevention. Nordic walking (NW) mobilizes a great number of muscular groups and is very popular in northern Europe. There is no data available on its impact in the healthcare system of the Mediterranean area. We propose the implementation of a NW program to promote physical activity and control cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF), as well as to improve quality of life and the adherence to medical treatment in patients with a chronic ischemic heart disease or metabolic syndrome...
November 18, 2016: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868295/efficacy-and-safety-of-cisplatin-based-versus-nedaplatin-based-regimens-for-the-treatment-of-metastatic-recurrent-and-advanced-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Fei Zhang, Yun Wang, Zhi-Qiang Wang, Peng Sun, De-Shen Wang, Yuan-Xue Jiang, Dong-Sheng Zhang, Feng-Hua Wang, Rui-Hua Xu, Yu-Hong Li
Cisplatin and nedaplatin show significant antitumor activity and have been widely used for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). However, it is still unclear whether the efficacy and safety of nedaplatin-based regimens are comparable to those of cisplatin-based regimens in patients with metastatic/recurrent or advanced ESCC. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the efficacy and safety of these two regimens for the treatment of metastatic/recurrent and advanced ESCC. We systematically searched Pubmed, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Database, as well as abstracts presented at conferences (all up to January 2015), for randomized-controlled and nonrandomized clinical trials that compared cisplatin-based and nedaplatin-based regimens in patients with metastatic/recurrent or advanced ESCC...
November 21, 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866503/controlling-feeding-practices-and-maternal-migrant-background-an-analysis-of-a-multicultural-sample
#12
Maria Somaraki, Karin Eli, Anna Ek, Louise Lindberg, Jonna Nyman, Claude Marcus, Carl-Erik Flodmark, Angelo Pietrobelli, Myles S Faith, Kimmo Sorjonen, Paulina Nowicka
OBJECTIVE: Parental feeding practices shape children's relationships with food and eating. Feeding is embedded socioculturally in values and attitudes related to food and parenting. However, few studies have examined associations between parental feeding practices and migrant background. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. Parental feeding practices (restriction, pressure to eat, monitoring) were assessed using the Child Feeding Questionnaire. Differences were explored in four sub-samples grouped by maternal place of birth: Sweden, Nordic/Western Europe, Eastern/Southern Europe and countries outside Europe...
November 21, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866405/occupation-and-mesothelioma-in-sweden-updated-incidence-in-men-and-women-in-the-27-years-after-the-asbestos-ban
#13
Nils Plato, Jan Ivar Martinsen, Pär Sparén, Gunnar Hillerdal, Elisabete Weiderpass
OBJECTIVES: We updated the Swedish component of the Nordic Occupational Cancer (NOCCA) Study through 2009 in order to investigate the incidence of mesothelioma of the peritoneum and pleura in both genders, and explored occupational exposures that may be associated with mesothelioma. METHODS: The Swedish component of the NOCCA Study includes 6.78 million individuals. Data from this cohort were linked to the population-based Swedish Cancer Registry and Swedish Total Population Registry for three periods between 1961 and 2009, and then further linked to the Swedish NOCCA job-exposure matrix, which includes 25 carcinogenic substances and the corresponding exposure levels for 280 occupations...
2016: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862475/treatment-of-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-a-position-paper-from-a-nordic-expert-group
#14
REVIEW
C M Sköld, E Bendstrup, M Myllärniemi, G Gudmundsson, T Sjåheim, O Hilberg, A Altraja, R Kaarteenaho, G Ferrara
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a fatal progressive lung disease occurring in adults. In the last decade, the results of a number of clinical trials based on the updated disease classification have been published. The registration of pirfenidone and nintedanib, the first two pharmacological treatment options approved for IPF, marks a new chapter in the management of patients with this disease. Other nonpharmacological treatments such as lung transplantation, rehabilitation and palliation have also been shown to be beneficial for these patients...
November 13, 2016: Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861713/sleep-quality-during-pregnancy-associations-with-depressive-and-anxiety-symptoms
#15
Päivi Polo-Kantola, Linda Aukia, Hasse Karlsson, Linnea Karlsson, E Juulia Paavonen
Sleep disturbances are common during pregnancy, yet underdiagnosed and under-investigated. We evaluated sleep quality during pregnancy and assessed associated factors, especially depressive and anxiety symptoms MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 78 healthy pregnant women from the FinnBrain Birth Cohort Study were studied twice prospectively during pregnancy (in mid-pregnancy and late pregnancy). Sleep quality was evaluated by the Basic Nordic Sleep Questionnaire, depressive symptoms by the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale, and anxiety symptoms by the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory RESULTS: Poor general sleep quality, difficulty falling asleep, the number of nocturnal awakenings per night, and too early morning awakenings increased in late pregnancy compared to mid-pregnancy (all p-values < 0...
November 12, 2016: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861709/contraceptive-use-in-the-nordic-countries
#16
Ingela Lindh, Finn Egil Skjeldestad, Kristina Gemzell-Danielsson, Oskari Heikinheimo, Helena Hognert, Ian Milsom, Øjvind Lidegaard
The aim was to compare contraceptive use in the Nordic countries and to assess compliance with recommendations from the European Medicines Agency regarding the use of combined oral contraceptives (COC) containing low dose estrogen and levonorgestrel, norethisterone or norgestimate MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data on hormonal contraceptive prescriptions and sales figures for copper intrauterine devices (Cu-IUD) were obtained from national databases and manufacturers in Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden 2010-2013 RESULTS: Contraceptive use was highest in Denmark (42%) and Sweden (41%), followed by Finland (40%)...
November 12, 2016: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858932/plasma-immunoprofiling-of-patients-with-high-risk-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-a-nordic-lymphoma-group-study
#17
F Pauly, K Fjordén, S Leppä, H Holte, M Björkholm, Ø Fluge, L Møller Pedersen, M Eriksson, A Isinger-Ekstrand, C A K Borrebaeck, M Jerkeman, C Wingren
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 18, 2016: Blood Cancer Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857891/efficacy-and-safety-of-carica-papaya-leaf-extract-in-the-dengue-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Jaykaran Charan, Deepak Saxena, Jagdish Prasad Goyal, Sandul Yasobant
BACKGROUND: Dengue is an infectious disease associated with high mortality and morbidity. Being a viral disease, there is no specific drug available for treatment. There are some reports that Carica papaya leaf extract may improve the clinical condition of dengue patients; however, to support this, at present, there is no systematically searched and synthesized evidence available. OBJECTIVES: This systematic review and meta-analysis was designed to search the available evidence related to the efficacy and safety of C...
October 2016: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853326/prevalence-of-low-back-pain-in-health-care-workers-and-comparison-with-other-occupational-categories-in-iran-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Ramin Mehrdad, Narges Sadat Shams-Hosseini, Sara Aghdaei, Mina Yousefian
BACKGROUND: There are few research studies evaluating the significance of low back pain (LBP) in Iran, even though the majority of locally published surveys are written in the Persian language. In the present review study, we aimed at appraising published articles related to the burden of LBP and its divergence among different jobs. METHODS: A comprehensive search was conducted in all accessible national and international electronic databases from 1948 to mid-2012...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852690/maternal-use-of-mild-analgesics-during-pregnancy-associated-with-reduced-anogenital-distance-in-sons-a-cohort-study-of-1027-mother-child-pairs
#20
Dorte Vesterholm Lind, Katharina M Main, Henriette Boye Kyhl, David Møbjerg Kristensen, Jorma Toppari, Helle Raun Andersen, Marianne Skovsager Andersen, Niels E Skakkebæk, Tina Kold Jensen
STUDY QUESTION: Is maternal use of mild analgesics in pregnancy associated with anogenital distance (AGD)-the distance from the anus to the genitals-in the offspring? SUMMARY ANSWER: Maternal use of mild analgesics [especially simultaneous use of paracetamol and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)] during pregnancy was associated with a shorter AGD in boys whereas no effect was found in girls. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Mild analgesics including paracetamol (acetaminophen) and NSAIDs (e...
November 16, 2016: Human Reproduction
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