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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725425/letter-to-the-editor-health-professionals-attitudes-toward-individuals-with-eating-disorders-who-do-we-think-they-are
#1
Deborah Lynn Reas, Kjersti Solhaug Gulliksen, Johanna Levallius, Rasmus Isomaa
Health professionals are not immune to stigmatizing attitudes and stereotypes found in society-at-large. Along with patients and their loved ones, treatment providers are important stakeholders - and gatekeepers - in the successful delivery of mental healthcare. Prevailing attitudes among professionals can facilitate timely recognition, enable access to care and uptake of evidence-based practices, or undermine help-seeking and therapeutic engagement. At an interactive activity at the 2016 Nordic Eating Disorders Society (NEDS) meeting, we asked health professionals to describe individuals with eating disorders...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723705/dietary-guidelines-in-type-2-diabetes-the-nordic-diet-or-the-ketogenic-diet
#2
Ola K Magnusdottir, Ingibjorg Gunnarsdottir, Bryndís E Birgisdóttir
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To highlight recent developments in research regarding nutrition therapies for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with a focus on the different approaches of the Nordic diet and the ketogenic diet. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent short-term studies have revealed that similar beneficial outcomes are seen after different dietary treatments for T2DM, with different approaches resulting in comparable weight loss and impacts on metabolic factors. SUMMARY: More individualized approaches in nutrition therapy should be considered for T2DM patients and clinical guidelines should reflect this...
July 18, 2017: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718663/time-trends-and-socioeconomic-differences-in-blood-pressure-levels-the-northern-sweden-monica-study-1994-2014
#3
Marie Eriksson, Bo Carlberg, Johanna Pennlert, Stefan Söderberg, Mats Eliasson
Background People with low socioeconomic status have higher blood pressure (BP), increasing their risk of myocardial infarction and stroke. We hypothesized that the gap in systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) BP, according to educational level, has decreased over time but, that economical vulnerability would confer higher BP. Methods A total of 4564 women and 4363 men aged 25-74 years participated in five population-based surveys in the Northern Sweden MONICA study between 1994 and 2014 (participation rate 76...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713505/risk-factors-associated-with-musculoskeletal-disorders-of-the-neck-and-shoulder-in-the-personnel-of-kerman-university-of-medical-sciences
#4
Farzan Madadizadeh, Leila Vali, Sima Rafiei, Zahra Akbarnejad
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) of the neck and shoulder are the most common and most influential factors causing disorder in the performance and absenteeism of work in administrative personnel. AIM: To identify risk factors which affect musculoskeletal disorders of neck and shoulder areas in headquarters staff of Kerman University of Medical Sciences. METHODS: The present cross-sectional study was conducted in 2015 on 282 headquarters personnel of Kerman University of Medical Sciences (Kerman, Iran)...
May 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713474/plantar-pressure-differences-between-nordic-walking-techniques
#5
Alberto Encarnación-Martínez, Ángel Gabriel Lucas-Cuevas, Pedro Pérez-Soriano, Ruperto Menayo, Gemma María Gea-García
High plantar pressure has been associated with increased risk of injury. The characteristics of each physical activity determine the load on the lower limbs. The influence of Nordic Walking (NW) technique on plantar pressure is still unknown. The aim of this study was to analyze the differences between plantar pressure during NW with the Diagonal technique (DT) versus Alpha technique (AT) and compare them with the pressure obtained during normal walking (W). The normality and sphericity of the plantar pressure data were checked before performing a two-way repeated measures ANOVA in order to find differences between speeds (preferred, fast) and the gait (NW, W) as within-subject factors...
June 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708754/the-effect-of-vasodilatory-medications-on-radial-artery-spasm-in-patients-undergoing-transradial-coronary-artery-procedures-a-systematic-review
#6
Elizabeth Curtis, Ritin Fernandez, Astin Lee
BACKGROUND: The uptake of percutaneous coronary procedures via the radial artery has increased internationally due to the decreased risk of complications and increased patient satisfaction. The increased susceptibility of the radial artery to spasm however presents a potential risk for procedural failure. Although most experts agree on the need for prophylactic medications to reduce radial artery spasm, currently there is inconsistency in literature regarding the most effective vasodilatory medication or combination of medications...
July 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704445/taxon-abundance-diversity-co-occurrence-and-network-analysis-of-the-ruminal-microbiota-in-response-to-dietary-changes-in-dairy-cows
#7
Ilma Tapio, Daniel Fischer, Lucia Blasco, Miika Tapio, R John Wallace, Ali R Bayat, Laura Ventto, Minna Kahala, Enyew Negussie, Kevin J Shingfield, Johanna Vilkki
The ruminal microbiome, comprising large numbers of bacteria, ciliate protozoa, archaea and fungi, responds to diet and dietary additives in a complex way. The aim of this study was to investigate the benefits of increasing the depth of the community analysis in describing and explaining responses to dietary changes. Quantitative PCR, ssu rRNA amplicon based taxa composition, diversity and co-occurrence network analyses were applied to ruminal digesta samples obtained from four multiparous Nordic Red dairy cows fitted with rumen cannulae...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702880/atrial-fibrillation-in-immigrant-groups-a-cohort-study-of-all-adults-45%C3%A2-years-of-age-and-older-in-sweden
#8
Per Wändell, Axel C Carlsson, Xinjun Li, Danijela Gasevic, Johan Ärnlöv, Martin J Holzmann, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist
To study the association between country of birth and incident atrial fibrillation (AF) in several immigrant groups in Sweden. The study population included all adults (n = 3,226,752) aged 45 years and older in Sweden. AF was defined as having at least one registered diagnosis of AF in the National Patient Register. The incidence of AF in different immigrant groups, using Swedish-born as referents, was assessed by Cox regression, expressed in hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). All models were stratified by sex and adjusted for age, geographical residence in Sweden, educational level, marital status, and neighbourhood socioeconomic status...
July 12, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701211/inpatient-rehabilitation-for-adult-patients-with-marfan-syndrome-an-observational-pilot-study
#9
Dieter Benninghoven, Denise Hamann, Yskert von Kodolitsch, Meike Rybczynski, Julia Lechinger, Friedrich Schroeder, Marina Vogler, Eike Hoberg
BACKGROUND: Advances in medical, interventional and surgical treatment have increased average life expectancy of patients with congenital heart defects. As a result a new group of adult patients with congenital cardiac defects requires medical rehabilitation. Patients with Marfan syndrome (MFS) are a relevant group among these patients. So far, no reports on the effectiveness of specialized rehabilitation programmes for MFS patients exist. We implemented an inpatient 3-week rehabilitation program for MFS patients at the Muehlenberg-Clinic for rehabilitation and assessed the medical safety as well as the impact of the program on physical fitness and psychological wellbeing of participants by means of an observational pilot study...
July 12, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694221/nordic-walking-for-the-management-of-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Lucia Cugusi, Andrea Manca, Daniele Dragone, Franca Deriu, Paolo Solla, Claudio Secci, Marco Monticone, Giuseppe Mercuro
BACKGROUND: It is well known that physical exercise is the main therapeutic element of rehabilitation programs for people with Parkinson's disease (PD). As traditional forms of exercise can guarantee significant health benefits, the emergence of non-conventional physical activities, such as Nordic walking (NW), may add positive effects. OBJECTIVE: To appraise the available evidence on the main effects of NW in the rehabilitation programs for people with PD and to propose a design for upcoming research that might improve the uniformity of future trials...
July 7, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694072/acquired-equine-polyneuropathy-of-nordic-horses-a-conspicuous-inclusion-body-schwannopathy
#11
S Hanche-Olsen, K Matiasek, J Molín, M Rosati, C Hahn, K Hultin Jäderlund, G Gröndahl
Acquired equine polyneuropathy (AEP), formerly also known as Scandinavian knuckling syndrome, is one of the most prevalent polyneuropathies in equids in Norway and Sweden, with more than 400 cases registered since first observations in 1995. Despite geographical clustering and an association to forage feeding, its aetiology remains unknown. Clinically AEP is characterized by knuckling due to dysfunction of metatarsophalangeal extensor muscles. This neuropathological study aimed to gain further insights in the pathobiology of AEP and its underlying aetiopathogenesis...
June 16, 2017: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691426/physical-activity-related-changes-in-adma-and-vwf-levels-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-preliminary-study
#12
Zanna Fiodorenko-Dumas, Ilias Dumas, Krzysztof Mastej, Rajmund Adamiec
BACKGROUND: The activity and the role of methylarginine in diabetic patients are subject to continuous research. The mechanism through which diabetes or insulin resistance increases asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) serum levels is not fully understood.Studies indicate increased ADMA serum levels in patients with hypertension, hypercholesterolemia and hyperhomocysteinemia. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess changes in the levels of ADMA and its derivatives related to the current disease process, as well as the levels of selected prothrombotic factors and their changes induced by physical activity...
June 27, 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687048/a-core-undergraduate-curriculum-in-plastic-surgery-a-delphi-consensus-study-in-scandinavia
#13
Stian K Almeland, Andrew Lindford, Jais Oliver Berg, Emma Hansson
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In recent years, undergraduate medical education has undergone a transition from a speciality-based to a more competence-based training system. Consequently, whilst medical knowledge is rapidly expanding, time for teaching of the surgical specialties is decreasing. Thus, there appears to be a need to define the core competences that are to be taught. The aim of this study was to establish a Scandinavian core undergraduate curriculum of competences in plastic surgery, using scientific methods...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686353/national-scale-precision-medicine-for-psychiatric-disorders-in-sweden
#14
REVIEW
Sarah E Bergen, Patrick F Sullivan
Since psychiatric disorders have genetic architectures dominated by common variants of small effects, successful elucidation in psychiatric genetics necessitates large sample sizes. Collaboration and unconventional ascertainment methods are required to fulfill this need. Electronic health records have been increasingly seen as holding great potential for research, although they often pose substantial technical, legal and ethical challenges. Universal health care and national-scale registers with comprehensive medical, developmental, demographic, and geographic information make the Nordic countries ideal for psychiatric genetic epidemiology...
July 7, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686333/ehealth-provides-a-novel-opportunity-to-exploit-the-advantages-of-the-nordic-countries-in-psychiatric-genetic-research-building-on-the-public-health-care-system-biobanks-and-registries
#15
REVIEW
Ole A Andreassen
Nordic countries have played an important role in the recent progress in psychiatric genetics, both with large well-characterized samples and expertise. The Nordic countries have research advantages due to the organization of their societies, including system of personal identifiers, national health registries with information about diseases, treatment and prescriptions, and a public health system with geographical catchment areas. For psychiatric genetic research, the large biobanks and population surveys are a unique added value...
July 7, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685600/life-weariness-and-suicidal-thoughts-in-late-life-a-national-study-in-sweden
#16
Hanna Tuvesson, A Hellström, L Sjöberg, B-M Sjölund, E Nordell, C Fagerström
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at investigating the point prevalence of life weariness and suicidal thoughts and their relationship with socio-demographic characteristics in a population of older adults in Sweden. METHOD: Data from 7913 individuals aged 60 years and older were drawn from the Swedish National Study on Aging and Care, a collaborative study in Sweden. Life weariness and suicidal thoughts were measured by one item derived from the Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale...
July 7, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683665/nordic-registry-based-cohort-studies-possibilities-and-pitfalls-when-combining-nordic-registry-data
#17
John Maret-Ouda, Wenjing Tao, Karl Wahlin, Jesper Lagergren
AIMS: All five Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden) have nationwide registries with similar data structure and validity, as well as personal identity numbers enabling linkage between registries. These resources provide opportunities for medical research that is based on large registry-based cohort studies with long and complete follow-up. This review describes practical aspects, opportunities and challenges encountered when setting up all-Nordic registry-based cohort studies...
July 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679551/pretreatment-fasting-plasma-glucose-and-insulin-modify-dietary-weight-loss-success-results-from-3-randomized-clinical-trials
#18
Mads F Hjorth, Christian Ritz, Ellen E Blaak, Wim Hm Saris, Dominique Langin, Sanne Kellebjerg Poulsen, Thomas Meinert Larsen, Thorkild Ia Sørensen, Yishai Zohar, Arne Astrup
Background: Which diet is optimal for weight loss and maintenance remains controversial and implies that no diet fits all patients.Objective: We studied concentrations of fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and fasting insulin (FI) as prognostic markers for successful weight loss and maintenance through diets with different glycemic loads or different fiber and whole-grain content, assessed in 3 randomized trials of overweight participants.Design: After an 8-wk weight loss, participants in the DiOGenes (Diet, Obesity, and Genes) trial consumed ad libitum for 26 wk a diet with either a high or a low glycemic load...
July 5, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675513/itaca-a-new-validated-international-erythropoietic-stimulating-agent-response-score-that-further-refines-the-predictive-power-of-previous-scoring-systems
#19
Rena Buckstein, Enrico Balleari, Richard Wells, Valeria Santini, Alessandro Sanna, Chiara Salvetti, Elena Crisà, Bernardino Allione, Paolo Danise, Carlo Finelli, Marino Clavio, Antonella Poloni, Flavia Salvi, Daniela Cilloni, Esther Natalie Oliva, Pellegrino Musto, Brett Houston, Nancy Zhu, Michelle Geddes, Heather Leitch, Brian Leber, Mitchell Sabloff, Thomas J Nevill, Karen Yee, John M Storring, Janika Francis, Luca Maurillo, Roberto Latagliata, Maria Antonietta Aloe Spiriti, Alessandro Andriani, Anna Lina Piccioni, Luana Fianchi, Susanna Fenu, Svitlana Gumenyuk, Francesco Buccisano
BACKGROUND: In 'real-life', the Nordic score guides ESA use in lower-risk MDS with predicted response rates of 25% or 74%. As new treatments emerge, a more discriminating score is needed. OBJECTIVES: To validate existing ESA predictive scores and develop a new score that identifies non-responders. METHODS: ESA-treated patients were identified in 3 MDS registries in Italy and Canada (FISM 555, GROM 233, MDS-CAN 208). Clinical and disease-related variables were captured...
July 4, 2017: American Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675067/postoperative-neoadjuvant-temozolomide-before-radiotherapy-versus-standard-radiotherapy-in-patients-60-years-or-younger-with-anaplastic-astrocytoma-or-glioblastoma-a-randomized-trial
#20
Annika Malmström, Hans Skovgaard Poulsen, Bjørn Henning Grønberg, Giuseppe Stragliotto, Steinbjørn Hansen, Thomas Asklund, Birgitta Holmlund, Małgorzata Łysiak, Joseph Dowsett, Bjarne Winther Kristensen, Peter Söderkvist, Johan Rosell, Roger Henriksson
INTRODUCTION: A pilot study of temozolomide (TMZ) given before radiotherapy (RT) for anaplastic astrocytoma (AA) and glioblastoma (GBM) resulted in prolonged survival compared to historical controls receiving RT alone. We therefore investigated neoadjuvant TMZ (NeoTMZ) in a randomized trial. During enrollment, concomitant and adjuvant radio-chemotherapy with TMZ became standard treatment. The trial was amended to include concurrent TMZ. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients, after surgery for GBM or AA, age ≤60 years and performance status (PS) 0-2, were randomized to either 2-3 cycles of TMZ, 200 mg/m(2) days 1-5 every 28 days, followed by RT 60 Gy in 30 fractions or RT only...
July 4, 2017: Acta Oncologica
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