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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339983/analysis-of-the-hamstring-muscle-activation-during-two-injury-prevention-exercises
#1
Alireza Monajati, Eneko Larumbe-Zabala, Mark Goss-Sampson, Fernando Naclerio
The aim of this study was to perform an electromyographic and kinetic comparison of two commonly used hamstring eccentric strengthening exercises: Nordic Curl and Ball Leg Curl. After determining the maximum isometric voluntary contraction of the knee flexors, ten female athletes performed 3 repetitions of both the Nordic Curl and Ball Leg Curl, while knee angular displacement and electromyografic activity of the biceps femoris and semitendinosus were monitored. No significant differences were found between biceps femoris and semitendinosus activation in both the Nordic Curl and Ball Leg Curl...
December 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339305/modelling-ros-formation-in-boreal-lakes-from-interactions-between-dissolved-organic-matter-and-absorbed-solar-photon-flux
#2
Raoul Wolf, Jan-Erik Thrane, Dag Olav Hessen, Tom Andersen
Concentrations of dissolved organic matter (DOM) are increasing in a large number of lakes across the Northern hemisphere. This browning serves a dual role for biota by protecting against harmful ultraviolet radiation, while also absorbing photosynthetically active radiation. The photochemical activation of DOM and subsequent formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is a potentially harmful side effect, but can be difficult to measure directly in situ. In this study, we combine a data set of physico-chemical properties from 71 Nordic lakes with in vitro ROS formation quantum yields to predict ROS formations across a representative boreal ecosystem gradient...
January 11, 2018: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335932/the-euro-forta-fit-for-the-aged-list-international-consensus-validation-of-a-clinical-tool-for-improved-drug-treatment-in-older-people
#3
Farhad Pazan, Christel Weiss, Martin Wehling
BACKGROUND: Drug treatment of older people is still potentially inappropriate in many cases as multimorbidity and related polypharmacy are highly prevalent. To increase the quality of drug treatment in older people, the FORTA (Fit fOR The Aged) List (first version 2012) was developed in a Delphi consensus procedure and updated (FORTA2015) by 21 experts from Germany and Austria. It has been validated in a randomized, controlled, prospective trial demonstrating significant improvement in the quality of drug treatment and clinical endpoints (VALFORTA)...
January 15, 2018: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332536/the-rise-of-the-crime-victim-and-punitive-policies-changes-to-the-legal-regulation-of-intimate-partner-violence-in-finland
#4
Riikka Kotanen
This article examines intimate partnership violence as a question of criminal justice policy in Finland, and contributes to criminological discussions regarding oft-stated connections between the politicization of the victim, the treatment of offenders, and repressive criminal justice policies. In this discussion, legislation aiming to regulate and prevent violence against women has often been utilized as an example of such punitive policies. Although criminal policies in Nordic countries differ significantly from more punitive Anglophone policies, punitive tendencies, it has been argued, have increased in the former, too...
October 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329226/plils-a-practical-indoor-localization-system-through-less-expensive-wireless-chips-via-subregion-clustering
#5
Xiaolong Li, Yifu Yang, Jun Cai, Yun Deng, Junfeng Yang, Xinmin Zhou, Lina Tan
Reducing costs is a pragmatic method for promoting the widespread usage of indoor localization technology. Conventional indoor localization systems (ILSs) exploit relatively expensive wireless chips to measure received signal strength for positioning. Our work is based on a cheap and widely-used commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) wireless chip, i.e., the Nordic Semiconductor nRF24LE1, which has only several output power levels, and proposes a new power level based-ILS, called Plils. The localization procedure incorporates two phases: an offline training phase and an online localization phase...
January 12, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323398/night-shift-work-and-hematological-cancers-a-population-based-case-control-study-in-three-nordic-countries
#6
Madar Talibov, Eero Pukkala, Jan Ivar Martinsen, Laufey Tryggvadottir, Elisabete Weiderpass, Johnni Hansen
Objective The aim of this case-control study was to assess the effect of night-shift work on the risk of hematological cancers. Methods The study included 39 371 leukemia, 56 713 non-Hodgkin lymphoma, 9322 Hodgkin lymphoma, and 26 188 multiple myeloma cases diagnosed between 1961 and 2005 in Finland, Sweden, and Iceland. Five controls for each case were selected from the Nordic Occupational Cancer Study (NOCCA) cohort, matched by year of birth, sex and country. Night-shift exposure was assessed by using the NOCCA job-exposure matrix (JEM)...
January 11, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319149/pr%C3%A3-valence-et-d%C3%A3-terminants-des-troubles-musculosquelettiques-des-membres-sup%C3%A3-rieurs-chez-les-artisans-tunisiens
#7
Amira Omrane, Imene Kacem, Meriem Heni, Adnene Henchi, Sana Elmhami, Irtyah Merchaoui, Awatef Kraiem, Taoufik Khalfallah, Lamia Bouzgarrou
Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) of the upper limbs are a major occupational health problem. We report the results of a cross-sectional survey of 334 craftsmen from the governorate of Monastir in Tunisia. The objectives of this study were to assess the prevalence of MSDs among these workers and determine their risk factors. A pre-established questionnaire based on the Nordic MSD questionnaires, Karassik and the one developed by Malchaire in 2000 was used. In the 12 months prior to the survey, the prevalence of MSDs was 92...
January 2, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316894/access-to-primary-and-specialized-somatic-health-care-for-persons-with-severe-mental-illness-a-qualitative-study-of-perceived-barriers-and-facilitators-in-swedish-health-care
#8
Elisabeth Björk Brämberg, Jarl Torgerson, Anna Norman Kjellström, Peder Welin, Marie Rusner
BACKGROUND: Persons with severe mental illness (e.g. schizophrenia, bipolar disorder) have a high prevalence of somatic conditions compared to the general population. Mortality data in the Nordic countries reveal that these persons die 15-20 years earlier than the general population. Some factors explaining this high prevalence may be related to the individuals in question; others arise from the health care system's difficulty in offering somatic health care to these patient groups. The aim of the present study was therefore to explore the experiences and views of patients, relatives and clinicians regarding individual and organizational factors which facilitate or hinder access to somatic health care for persons with severe mental illness...
January 9, 2018: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315469/changes-in-colloid-solution-sales-in-nordic-countries
#9
U E Kongsgaard, A Holtan, A Perner
BACKGROUND: Administration of resuscitation fluid is a common intervention in the treatment of critically ill patients, but the right choice of fluid is still a matter of debate. Changes in medical practice are based on new evidence and guidelines as well as traditions and personal preferences. Official warnings against the use of hydroxyl-ethyl-starch (HES) solutions have been issued. Nordic guidelines have issued several strong recommendations favouring crystalloids over colloids in all patient groups...
January 7, 2018: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302085/nordic-pharmacy-schools-experience-in-communication-skills-training
#10
Karin Svensberg, Ingunn Björnsdottir, Andy Wallman, Sofia Kälvemark Sporrong
Objective. To assess communication skills training at Nordic pharmacy schools and explore ways for improvement. Methods. E-mail questionnaires were developed and distributed with the aim to explore current practice and course leaders' opinions regarding teaching of patient communication skills at all the 11 master level Nordic (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden) pharmacy schools. The questionnaires contained both closed- and open-ended questions. Results. There was a variation of patient communication skills training among schools...
November 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301479/risk-factors-and-prognosis-for-recurrent-primary-sclerosing-cholangitis-after-liver-transplantation-a-nordic-multicentre-study
#11
Lina Lindström, Kristin K Jørgensen, Kirsten M Boberg, Maria Castedal, Allan Rasmussen, Andreas Arendtsen Rostved, Helena Isoniemi, Matteo Bottai, Annika Bergquist
OBJECTIVES: The risk for recurrent primary sclerosing cholangitis (rPSC) after liver transplantation is associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We assessed the frequency of rPSC and studied risk factors for recurrent disease with special focus on IBD. We also evaluated the importance of rPSC for prognosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All liver transplanted PSC patients in the Nordic countries between 1984 and 2007 (n = 440), identified by the Nordic Liver Transplant Registry, were studied...
January 4, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298710/emergency-medicine-for-25%C3%A2-years-in-iceland-history-of-the-specialty-in-a-nutshell
#12
Jón Baldursson, Hjalti Már Björnsson, Ari Palomäki
After the early implementation of Emergency Medicine (EM) 25 years ago, Iceland became the first Nordic country to nationally realize the benefits of this specialty. However, the road has been rocky as in many other countries. The early years of EM in Iceland were characterized by a significant shortage of resources, particularly a lack of medical staff dedicated to EM and properly trained for the services required. The main task for the first couple of decades was to build the infrastructure of an operational emergency department based primarily on the model of EM...
January 3, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298321/chronic-pain-and-fatigue-in-adults-with-congenital-unilateral-upper-limb-deficiency-in-norway-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Heidi Johansen, Trine Bathen, Liv Øinæs Andersen, Svend Rand-Hendriksen, Kristin Østlie
PURPOSE: To describe Norwegian adults with congenital unilateral upper limb deficiency (CUULD) regarding self-reported chronic pain (intensity, locations, impact on daily life) and fatigue. Analyze associations between chronic pain and demographic/clinical factors and associations between fatigue and demographic/ clinical factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study. In 2012, a postal questionnaire was sent to 186 persons with congenital limb deficiency, age ≥ 20 years...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284251/dissatisfaction-with-work-as-a-risk-factor-of-musculoskeletal-complaints-among-foresters-in-poland
#14
Stanisław Lachowski, Piotr Choina, Magdalena Florek-Łuszczki, Małgorzata Goździewska, Jagoda Jezior
INTRODUCTION: Researchers indicate an important relationship between the level of job satisfaction and the state of health of the employees. Some elements of work related with its character, organization, and interpersonal relationships may evoke strong stress, manifested by, among others, an increased musculoskeletal tension which, in turn, may lead to permanent dysfunction of this system. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was analysis of the relationship between the level of job satisfaction and occurrence of musculoskeletal disorders among employees of the State Forests...
December 23, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283704/reliability-validity-and-sensitivity-of-a-novel-smartphone-based-eccentric-hamstring-strength-test-in-professional-football-players
#15
Justin W Y Lee, Ming-Jing Cai, Patrick S H Yung, Kai-Ming Chan
PURPOSE: This study aims to evaluate the test-retest reliability, sensitivity and concurrent validity of a smartphone-based method for assessing eccentric hamstring strength among male professional football players. METHODS: Twenty-five healthy male professional football players have performed CUHK Nordic break-point test, hamstring fatigue protocol and isokinetic hamstring strength test. CUHK Nordic break-point test is based on a Nordic hamstring exercise. The Nordic break-point angle was defined as the maximum point where the participants could no longer support the weight of their body against gravity...
December 28, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281850/cd70-encoded-by-modified-vaccinia-virus-ankara-enhances-cd8-t-cell-dependent-protective-immunity-in-mhc-class-ii-deficient-mice
#16
Barbara Bathke, Juliane Pätzold, Ronny Kassub, Raphael Giessel, Kerstin Lämmermann, Maria Hinterberger, Kay Brinkmann, Paul Chaplin, Mark Suter, Hubertus Hochrein, Henning Lauterbach
The immunological outcome of infections and vaccinations is largely determined during the initial first days in which antigen-presenting cells instruct T cells to expand and differentiate into effector and memory cells. Besides the essential stimulation of the T cell receptor complex a plethora of co-stimulatory signals not only ensures a proper T cell activation but also instils phenotypic and functional characteristics in the T cells appropriate to fight off the invading pathogen. The TNF receptor/ligand pair CD27/CD70 gained a lot of attraction due to its key role in regulating T cell activation, survival, differentiation, and maintenance, especially in the course of viral infections and cancer...
December 27, 2017: Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281066/serum-dehydroepiandrosterone-sulphate-psychosocial-factors-and-musculoskeletal-pain-in-workers
#17
A Marinelli, A Prodi, G Pesel, F Ronchese, M Bovenzi, C Negro, F Larese Filon
Background: The serum level of dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate (DHEA-S) has been suggested as a biological marker of stress. Aims: To assess the association between serum DHEA-S, psychosocial factors and musculoskeletal (MS) pain in university workers. Methods: The study population included voluntary workers at the scientific departments of the University of Trieste (Italy) who underwent periodical health surveillance from January 2011 to June 2012...
December 21, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279235/attitudes-toward-working-conditions-are-european-union-workers-satisfied-with-their-working-hours-and-work-life-balance
#18
Nuria Matilla-Santander, Cristina Lidón-Moyano, Adrián González-Marrón, Kailey Bunch, Juan Carlos Martín-Sánchez, José M Martínez-Sánchez
OBJECTIVE: To describe the satisfaction with working hours and satisfaction with work-life balance and their association in the European Union (EU-28). METHOD: This is a cross-sectional study based on data from the Flash Eurobarometer 398 among workers of the EU-28 from 2014 (n=13,683). We calculated percentages and their 95% confidence intervals (95%CI). We also applied a multi-level generalised linear model using the Poisson family, to calculate the adjusted prevalence ratios (aPR) of satisfaction with work-life balance based on working hours...
December 23, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279101/the-relationship-between-body-mass-index-and-short-term-postoperative-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-potentially-curative-surgery-for-colorectal-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Arwa S Almasaudi, Stephen T McSorley, Christine A Edwards, Donald C McMillan
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity has increased worldwide over the last few decades, and is a well-recognized risk factor for colorectal cancer. Surgical site infection is the most frequent complication following surgery for colorectal cancer, and the main cause of postoperative morbidity. The aim of the present systematic review and meta-analysis was to examine the relationship between increasing BMI and postoperative surgical site infection following surgery for colorectal cancer...
January 2018: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277224/free-amino-acids-and-5-nucleotides-in-finnish-forest-mushrooms
#20
Hanna Manninen, Minna Rotola-Pukkila, Heikki Aisala, Anu Hopia, Timo Laaksonen
Edible mushrooms are valued because of their umami taste and good nutritional values. Free amino acids, 5'-nucleotides and nucleosides were analyzed from four Nordic forest mushroom species (Lactarius camphoratus, Boletus edulis, Cantharellus cibarius, Craterellus tubaeformis) using high precision liquid chromatography analysis. To our knowledge, these taste components were studied for the first time from Craterellus tubaeformis and Lactarius camphoratus. The focus was on the umami amino acids and 5'-nucleotides...
May 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
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