keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Nordic

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645250/labour-market-marginalisation-after-mental-disorders-among-young-natives-and-immigrants-living-in-sweden
#1
Magnus Helgesson, Petter Tinghög, Thomas Niederkrotenthaler, Fredrik Saboonchi, Ellenor Mittendorfer-Rutz
BACKGROUND: The aim was to investigate the associations between mental disorders and three different measures of labour-market marginalisation, and differences between native Swedes and immigrants. METHODS: The study comprised 1,753,544 individuals, aged 20-35 years, and resident in Sweden 2004. They were followed 2005-2011 with regard to disability pension, sickness absence (≥90 days) and unemployment (≥180 days). Immigrants were born in Western countries (Nordic countries, EU, Europe outside EU or North-America/Oceania), or in non-Western countries (Africa, Asia or South-America)...
June 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644697/contemporary-treatment-of-renal-tumors-a-questionnaire-survey-in-the-nordic-countries-the-norenca-i-study
#2
Harry Nisen, Petrus Järvinen, Magnus Fovaeus, Eirikur Guðmundsson, Bjarne Kromann-Andersen, Börje Ljungberg, Lars Lund, Frode Nilsen, Pernilla Sundqvist, Christian Beisland
OBJECTIVE: The five Nordic countries comprise 25 million people, and have similar treatment traditions and healthcare systems. To take advantage of these similarities, a collaborative group (Nordic Renal Cancer Group, NORENCA) was founded in 2015. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire of 17 questions on renal tumor management and surgical education was designed and sent to 91 institutions performing renal tumor surgery in 2015. The response rate was 68% (62 hospitals), including 28 academic, 25 central and nine district hospitals...
June 23, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637445/cerebellar-mutism-syndrome-in-children-with-brain-tumours-of-the-posterior-fossa
#3
Morten Wibroe, Johan Cappelen, Charlotte Castor, Niels Clausen, Pernilla Grillner, Thora Gudrunardottir, Ramneek Gupta, Bengt Gustavsson, Mats Heyman, Stefan Holm, Atte Karppinen, Camilla Klausen, Tuula Lönnqvist, René Mathiasen, Pelle Nilsson, Karsten Nysom, Karin Persson, Olof Rask, Kjeld Schmiegelow, Astrid Sehested, Harald Thomassen, Ingrid Tonning-Olsson, Barbara Zetterqvist, Marianne Juhler
BACKGROUND: Central nervous system tumours constitute 25% of all childhood cancers; more than half are located in the posterior fossa and surgery is usually part of therapy. One of the most disabling late effects of posterior fossa tumour surgery is the cerebellar mutism syndrome (CMS) which has been reported in up to 39% of the patients but the exact incidence is uncertain since milder cases may be unrecognized. Recovery is usually incomplete. Reported risk factors are tumour type, midline location and brainstem involvement, but the exact aetiology, surgical and other risk factors, the clinical course and strategies for prevention and treatment are yet to be determined...
June 21, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637328/diesel-engine-exhaust-basis-for-occupational-exposure-limit-value
#4
Piia Taxell, Tiina Santonen
Diesel engines are widely used in transport and power supply, making occupational exposure to diesel exhaust common. Both human and animal studies associate exposure to diesel exhaust with inflammatory lung effects, cardiovascular effects, and an increased risk of lung cancer. The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) has evaluated diesel exhaust as carcinogenic to humans. Yet national or regional limit values for controlling occupational exposure to diesel exhaust are rare. In recent decades, stricter emission regulations have led to diesel technologies evolving significantly, resulting in changes in exhaust emissions and composition...
June 15, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633992/eating-out-in-four-nordic-countries-national-patterns-and-social-stratification
#5
T B Lund, U Kjærnes, L Holm
Using a survey conducted in four Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden) in 2012, we investigated whether eating out in cafés and restaurants in these countries is best characterized as a workday pattern activity or a leisure activity; and, whether frequent eating at cafés and restaurants is related to socio-demographic factors and factors relevant to the organization of daily life. We found that eating out is not a fundamental part of everyday eating. It is something which takes place occasionally...
June 17, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631732/skillful-prediction-of-northern-climate-provided-by-the-ocean
#6
Marius Årthun, Tor Eldevik, Ellen Viste, Helge Drange, Tore Furevik, Helen L Johnson, Noel S Keenlyside
It is commonly understood that a potential for skillful climate prediction resides in the ocean. It nevertheless remains unresolved to what extent variable ocean heat is imprinted on the atmosphere to realize its predictive potential over land. Here we assess from observations whether anomalous heat in the Gulf Stream's northern extension provides predictability of northwestern European and Arctic climate. We show that variations in ocean temperature in the high latitude North Atlantic and Nordic Seas are reflected in the climate of northwestern Europe and in winter Arctic sea ice extent...
June 20, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628523/effectiveness-of-surgery-for-adults-with-hallux-valgus-deformity-a-systematic-review
#7
Jitka Klugarova, Victoria Hood, Fiona Bath-Hextall, Miloslav Klugar, Jana Mareckova, Zuzana Kelnarova
BACKGROUND: Hallux valgus (HV) is a common foot deformity. In severe stages of this condition, surgery is often necessary. Currently, there is no systematic review comparing the effectiveness of surgery over conservative treatment. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to establish the effectiveness of surgery compared to conservatory management for adults with HV. INCLUSION CRITERIA TYPES OF PARTICIPANTS: The current review included adults (18 years or over) with HV deformity, excluding adults with neurological problems causing foot deformities, for example, cerebral palsy, neuropathy, stroke and multiple sclerosis...
June 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616816/access-to-community-care-for-people-with-dementia-and-their-informal-carers-case-vignettes-for-a-european-comparison-of-structures-and-common-pathways-to-formal-care
#8
A Bieber, A Stephan, H Verbeek, F Verhey, L Kerpershoek, C Wolfs, M de Vugt, R T Woods, J Røsvik, G Selbaek, B M Sjölund, A Wimo, L Hopper, K Irving, M J Marques, M Gonçalves-Pereira, E Portolani, O Zanetti, G Meyer
BACKGROUND: People with dementia and their informal carers often do not receive appropriate professional support or it is not received at the right time. OBJECTIVES: Description and comparison of common pathways to formal community dementia care in eight European countries as a part of the transnational Actifcare project. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The German team was responsible for creating an individual case scenario as a starting point. The research teams in Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Sweden, and the United Kingdom were then asked to describe a common pathway to formal dementia care by writing their own vignette using the provided individual case scenario...
June 14, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613959/reference-intervals-for-the-p-albumin-bromocresol-purple-method
#9
Peter Astrup Christensen
Correct reference intervals are an important part of test results. As establishing own reference intervals is a very expensive task, the NORIP reference intervals are often transferred for use in Nordic laboratories. The NORIP reference interval on P-Albumin was here compared to current results for laboratories using the bromocresol purple (BCP) method for P-Albumin. External quality control reports were used to investigate the change in levels between the BCP and BCG methods on P-Albumin. An algorithm was built for extracting and isolating the laboratory's healthy subject population...
June 14, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613127/differences-in-medical-services-in-nordic-general-practice-a-comparative-survey-from-the-qualicopc-study
#10
Torunn Bjerve Eide, Jørund Straand, Cecilia Björkelund, Elise Kosunen, Ofeigur Thorgeirsson, Peter Vedsted, Elin Olaug Rosvold
OBJECTIVE: We aim to describe medical services provided by Nordic general practitioners (GPs), and to explore possible differences between the countries. DESIGN AND SETTING: We did a comparative analysis of selected data from the Nordic part of the study Quality and Costs of Primary Care in Europe (QUALICOPC). SUBJECTS: A total of 875 Nordic GPs (198 Norwegian, 80 Icelandic, 97 Swedish, 212 Danish and 288 Finnish) answered identical questionnaires regarding their practices...
June 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607000/percutaneous-coronary-intervention-of-left-main-disease-pre-and-post-excel-evaluation-of-xience-everolimus-eluting-stent-versus-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-for-effectiveness-of-left-main-revascularization-and-noble-nordic-baltic-british-left-main-revascularization
#11
Duk-Woo Park, Seung-Jung Park
For nearly half a century, coronary artery bypass grafting has been the standard treatment for patients with obstructive left main coronary artery (LMCA) disease. However, there has been considerable evolution in the field of percutaneous coronary intervention, and especially, percutaneous coronary intervention for LMCA disease has been rapidly expanded with adoption of drug-eluting stents. Some, but not all randomized trials, have shown that percutaneous coronary intervention with drug-eluting stents might be a suitable alternative for selected patients with LMCA disease instead of bypass surgery...
June 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602744/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-neck-pain-a-population-based-study
#12
Caio Vitor Dos Santos Genebra, Nicoly Machado Maciel, Thiago Paulo Frascareli Bento, Sandra Fiorelli Almeida Penteado Simeão, Alberto De Vitta
BACKGROUND: Neck pain is a musculoskeletal condition with high prevalence that may affect the physical, social, and psychological aspects of the individual, contributing to the increase in costs in society and business. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of neck pain and associated factors in a population-based sample of adults aged 20 and more. METHODS: Cross-sectional study based on a population survey. A total number of 600 individuals were interviewed in their homes, and the following data were collected: (1) participant characteristics (demographic, socioeconomic, and work-related aspects) using a pre-coded questionnaire; (2) physical activity level using the IPAQ; and (3) musculoskeletal symptoms using the Nordic questionnaire...
May 20, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600380/cohort-profile-the-nordic-antireflux-surgery-cohort-nordasco
#13
John Maret-Ouda, Karl Wahlin, Miia Artama, Nele Brusselaers, Martti Färkkilä, Elsebeth Lynge, Fredrik Mattsson, Eero Pukkala, Pål Romundstad, Laufey Tryggvadóttir, My von Euler-Chelpin, Jesper Lagergren
PURPOSE: To describe a newly created all-Nordic cohort of patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD), entitled the Nordic Antireflux Surgery Cohort (NordASCo), which will be used to compare participants having undergone antireflux surgery with those who have not regarding risk of cancers, other diseases and mortality. PARTICIPANTS: Included were individuals with a GORD diagnosis recorded in any of the nationwide patient registries in the Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden) in 1964-2014 (with various start and end years in different countries)...
June 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599812/making-electronic-health-records-support-quality-management-a-narrative-review
#14
REVIEW
Peter Triantafillou
BACKGROUND: Since the 1990s many hospitals in the OECD countries have introduced electronic health record (EHR) systems. A number of studies have examined the factors impinging on EHR implementation. Others have studied the clinical efficacy of EHR. However, only few studies have explored the (intermediary) factors that make EHR systems conducive to quality management (QM). OBJECTIVE: Undertake a narrative review of existing studies in order to identify and discuss the factors conducive to making EHR support three dimensions of QM: clinical outcomes, managerial monitoring and cost-effectiveness...
August 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599378/work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-adolescent-girls-and-young-women-employees-of-textile-industries-in-tamil-nadu-india-a-comparative-study
#15
Gnanaselvam Nancy Angeline, Joseph Bobby
Musculoskeletal disorders are common in those employed in the textile industry. The aim of the study is to assess musculoskeletal disorders among adolescent girls who are current employees of textile industries in comparison with the adolescent girls and young women who are past employees of textile industries and adolescent girls who have never been employed in the textile industry. Methodology This is a cross-sectional study. A total of 321 subjects, 107 in each study group were sampled. Standardized nordic questionnaires (SNQ) was used to assess musculoskeletal symptoms...
May 24, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598769/a-study-of-the-prevalence-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-surgeons-performing-minimally-invasive-surgery
#16
Maria C Gutierrez-Diez, Maria A Benito-Gonzalez, Ramon Sancibrian, Marco A Gandarillas-Gonzalez, Carlos Redondo-Figuero, Jose C Manuel-Palazuelos
INTRODUCTION: Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) has shown significant benefits for patients and healthcare systems. However, due to the poor ergonomic adaptation of operating rooms and surgical instruments, most surgeons suffer from pain caused by musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). METHODS: A descriptive survey on MIS surgeons working on different surgical specialties has been carried out in Hospital Valdecilla (Spain). The aim is to determine the prevalence of MSDs by using a personal interview and the standardized Nordic questionnaire (SNQ)...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597127/the-interaction-between-smoking-and-hla-genes-in-multiple-sclerosis-replication-and-refinement
#17
Anna Karin Hedström, Michail Katsoulis, Ola Hössjer, Izaura L Bomfim, Annette Oturai, Helle Bach Sondergaard, Finn Sellebjerg, Henrik Ullum, Lise Wegner Thørner, Marte Wendel Gustavsen, Hanne F Harbo, Dragana Obradovic, Milena A Gianfrancesco, Lisa F Barcellos, Catherine A Schaefer, Jan Hillert, Ingrid Kockum, Tomas Olsson, Lars Alfredsson
Interactions between environment and genetics may contribute to multiple sclerosis (MS) development. We investigated whether the previously observed interaction between smoking and HLA genotype in the Swedish population could be replicated, refined and extended to include other populations. We used six independent case-control studies from five different countries (Sweden, Denmark, Norway, Serbia, United States). A pooled analysis was performed for replication of previous observations (7190 cases, 8876 controls)...
June 8, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595464/the-effects-of-baroreflex-activation-therapy-on-blood-pressure-and-sympathetic-function-in-patients-with-refractory-hypertension-the-rationale-and-design-of-the-nordic-bat-study
#18
Daniel Gordin, Fadl Elmula M Fadl Elmula, Bert Andersson, Anders Gottsäter, Johan Elf, Thomas Kahan, Kent Lodberg Christensen, Pirkka Vikatmaa, Leena Vikatmaa, Thomas Bastholm Olesen, Per-Henrik Groop, Michael Hecht Olsen, Ilkka Tikkanen
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of baroreflex activation therapy (BAT) on hypertension in patients with treatment resistant or refractory hypertension. METHODS: This investigator-initiated randomized, double-blind, 1:1 parallel-design clinical trial will include 100 patients with refractory hypertension from 6 tertiary referral hypertension centers in the Nordic countries. A Barostim Neo System will be implanted and after 1 month patients will be randomized to either BAT for 16 months or continuous pharmacotherapy (BAT off) for 8 months followed by BAT for 8 months...
June 8, 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595137/health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-association-with-systemic-inflammatory-response-and-ras-and-braf-mutation-status
#19
Maria Thomsen, Marianne Grønlie Guren, Eva Skovlund, Bengt Glimelius, Marianne Jensen Hjermstad, Julia S Johansen, Elin Kure, Halfdan Sorbye, Per Pfeiffer, Thoralf Christoffersen, Tormod Kyrre Guren, Kjell Magne Tveit
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of cetuximab on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in the NORDIC-VII trial on metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC), and to assess HRQoL in relation to RAS and BRAF mutation status and inflammatory biomarkers. PATIENT AND METHODS: HRQoL was assessed using the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire Core 30 (QLQ-C30) at baseline, after every fourth cycle of chemotherapy, and at the end of treatment...
June 5, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593721/nurse-patient-communication-within-the-context-of-non-sedated-mechanical-ventilation-a-hermeneutic-phenomenological-study
#20
A Holm, P Dreyer
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore non-sedated mechanically ventilated patients' communication with nurses in the intensive care unit. BACKGROUND: Mechanically ventilated patients are temporarily voiceless, making interpersonal communication complex. Both nurses and patients find communication challenging and may experience negative emotions when communication fails. In Nordic countries, sedation protocols have changed to light/non-sedation, resulting in more patients being conscious and more clinical practitioners experiencing communication difficulties...
June 7, 2017: Nursing in Critical Care
keyword
keyword
104908
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"