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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909799/thyroid-gland-visualization-with-3d-4d-ultrasound-integrated-hands-on-imaging-in-anatomical-dissection-laboratory
#1
John L Carter, Ankura Patel, Gabriel Hocum, Brion Benninger
PURPOSE: In teaching anatomy, clinical imaging has been utilized to supplement the traditional dissection laboratory promoting education through visualization of spatial relationships of anatomical structures. Viewing the thyroid gland using 3D/4D ultrasound can be valuable to physicians as well as students learning anatomy. The objective of this study was to investigate the perceptions of first-year medical students regarding the integration of 3D/4D ultrasound visualization of spatial anatomy during anatomical education...
December 1, 2016: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909613/the-novel-laparoscopic-training-3d-model-in-urology-with-surgical-anatomic-remarks-fresh-frozen-cadaveric-tissue
#2
REVIEW
Emre Huri, Mehmet Ezer, Eddie Chan
Laparoscopic surgery is routinely used to treat many urological conditions and it is the gold standard treatment option for many surgeries such as radical nephrectomy. Due to the difficulty of learning, laparoscopic training should start outside the operating room. Although it is a very different model of laparoscopic training; the aim of this review is to show the value of human cadaveric model for laparoscopic training and present our experience in this area. Fresh frozen cadaveric model in laparoscopic training, dry lab, cadaveric model, animal models and computer based simulators are the most commonly used models for laparoscopic training...
December 2016: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889036/diagnosis-and-diagnostic-imaging-of-anal-canal-cancer
#3
REVIEW
Kristen K Ciombor, Randy D Ernst, Gina Brown
Anal canal cancer is an uncommon malignancy but one that is often curable with optimal therapy. Owing to its unique location, histology, risk factors, and usual presentation, a careful diagnostic approach is warranted. This approach includes an excellent history and physical examination, including digital rectal examination, laboratory data, and comprehensive imaging. Anal cancer staging and formulation of a treatment plan depends on accurate imaging data. Modern radiographic techniques have improved staging quality and accuracy, and a thorough knowledge of anal anatomy is paramount to the optimal multidisciplinary treatment of this disease...
January 2017: Surgical Oncology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869899/-patients-with-non-st-elevation-acute-coronary-syndrome-managed-without-coronary-revascularization-an-undertreated-population
#4
Alberto Menozzi, Leonardo De Luca, Zoran Olivari, Roberta Rossini, Marco Ferlini, Daniela Lina, Maurizio Giuseppe Abrignani, Piera Capranzano, Nazario Carrabba, Marcello Galvani, Alfredo Marchese, Gianfranco Mazzotta, Luciano Moretti, Nicola Signore, Massimo Uguccioni, Stefano De Servi
Non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE-ACS) represent one of the most common clinical presentations of ischemic heart disease. Patients with NSTE-ACS are a heterogeneous population, with different clinical features and prognosis. A significant proportion of this population is medically managed, without any revascularization. In the Italian EYESHOT and French FAST-MI registries, patients managed with a conservative strategy were 40% and 35%, respectively. NSTE-ACS patients not undergoing coronary revascularization are at higher risk of adverse cardiovascular events and have a worse prognosis, including short- and long-term mortality, compared with those receiving revascularization...
October 2016: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860161/closure-of-very-large-pda-with-pulmonary-hypertension-initial-clinical-case-series-with-the-new-occlutech-%C3%A2-pda-occluder
#5
Anja Lehner, Sarah Ulrich, Christoph M Happel, Marcus Fischer, Marinos Kantzis, Ingram Schulze-Neick, Nikolaus A Haas
OBJECTIVE: We report our recent experience with the new Occlutech(®) PDA Occluder, which seems suitable especially for closure of large patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) sizes with elevated pulmonary artery pressure (PAH). BACKGROUND: Although considered a standard procedure in pediatric cath labs, closure of very large PDA (PDA/Aorta ratio > 0.5) and PAH remains a challenge. METHODS/RESULTS: The Occlutech(®) PDA occluder was used in eight children and adolescents (age 4-16, median 10...
November 10, 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857455/imaging-in-spinal-posterior-epidural-space-lesions-a-pictorial-essay
#6
Foram B Gala, Yashant Aswani
Spinal epidural space is a real anatomic space located outside the dura mater and within the spinal canal extending from foramen magnum to sacrum. Important contents of this space are epidural fat, spinal nerves, epidural veins and arteries. Due to close proximity of posterior epidural space to spinal cord and spinal nerves, the lesions present with symptoms of radiculopathy and/or myelopathy. In this pictorial essay, detailed anatomy of the posterior epidural space, pathologies affecting it along with imaging pearls to accurately diagnose them are discussed...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853815/anatomical-variations-of-the-venous-drainage-from-the-left-adrenal-gland-an-anatomical-study
#7
Matthieu Siebert, Yohann Robert, Romain Didier, Antonin Minster, Wassila M'sallaoui, Alexandre Bellier, Philippe C J Chaffanjon
BACKGROUND: For radiologists, the venous drainage of adrenal glands is a key to the technique of selective adrenal venous sampling. For endocrine surgeons, it is key to adrenalectomy for carcinoma and pheochromocytoma. This study aims to demonstrate direct anastomosis between the left adrenal vein, the diaphragmatic circulation and the azygos system. Anatomical textbooks only offer very little information concerning the left adrenal vein (LAV) and its potential anastomosis with the reno-lumbo-azygo trunk (RLAT) and the diaphragmatic circulation...
November 16, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843802/coronary-ectasia-in-a-man-on-breast-cancer-therapy-presenting-with-acute-coronary-syndrome
#8
Dana C Johnson, Luay Rifai, Parag V Patel
Limited data exist on the association between breast cancer treatments and coronary artery disease anatomy, particularly in males. We describe an unusual case of diffuse coronary ectasia in a man with breast cancer presenting with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). A 66-year-old man with breast cancer on paclitaxel, tamoxifen, and carboplatin chemotherapy regimen, presents with new onset chest pain. Electrocardiogram reveals anterolateral ST-segment depressions and elevated troponin I level. Emergent angiography revealed grossly ectatic coronary arteries with a total thrombotic occlusion of the mid right coronary artery...
October 2016: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833871/establishing-a-temporal-bone-laboratory-in-teaching-institutes-to-train-future-otorhinolaryngologists-and-fundamentals-of-temporal-bone-laboratory-considerations-and-requirements
#9
David Victor Kumar Irugu, Amit Chirom Singh, Kapil Sikka, J Bhinyaram, Suresh Chandra Sharma
Temporal bone dissection has important role in educating, and training the surgeons. Temporal bone has complicated three dimensional anatomy and it is challenging for young surgeons to understand and operate. Not knowing the anatomy may cause serious consequences to patient due to injury to vital structures. It is important to learn temporal bone harvesting techniques, preservation of specimens, fixation and to reduce the health hazards posed by these specimens by taking safety measures. Spending more time in temporal bone laboratory and repeated dissection of temporal bones provides the skills necessary in the operating room for future generation...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833706/variant-anatomy-of-the-nasal-and-labial-branches-of-the-infraorbital-nerve
#10
Joseph Munyiri Nderitu, Fawzia Butt, Hassan Saidi
Comprehensive understanding of the variations in the branches of the infraorbital nerve (ION) is vital to the prevention of iatrogenic nerve injury and successful ION blockade during orbitozygomatic facial procedures. Only a few studies exist on the variant anatomy of the branching patterns of this nerve. This article provides a detailed description of the variations of the nasal and superior labial branches of the ION. This study was performed on 84 IONs by dissecting 42 formalin-fixed cadavers from the Laboratory of Topographic Anatomy, Department of Human Anatomy, University of Nairobi...
November 2016: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830064/evaluating-the-educational-environment-of-an-international-animal-model-based-wet-lab-course-for-undergraduate-students
#11
Michail Ch Sideris, Apostolos E Papalois, Thanos Athanasiou, Ioannis Dimitropoulos, Korina Theodoraki, Francois Sousa Dos Santos, Georgios Paparoidamis, Nikolaos Staikoglou, Dimitrios Pissas, Peter C Whitfield, Alexandros Rampotas, Savvas Papagrigoriadis, Vassilios Papalois, Georgios Zografos, Georgios Tsoulfas
BACKGROUND: Essential Skills in the management of Surgical Cases - ESMSC is an International Combined Applied Surgical Science and Wet Lab course aimed at the undergraduate level. ESMSC combines interactive basic science workshops and case-based learning, with basic surgical training modules (BST) on Ex Vivo and In Vivo swine model. In Vivo Dissections include more advanced modules i.e. Abdominal Anatomy Dissections and Cardiac Transplant. AIM: To evaluate the educational environment of a novel course, as well as to compare Medical students' perceptions across various groups...
December 2016: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826909/updates-on-preoperative-planning-limb-deformity-analysis-and-surgical-correction-for-the-growing-children-epos-meeting-marseille-2015-proceedings
#12
Eitan Segev
Successful deformity correction depends on establishing the aetiology of the deformity. Clinical examination, additional laboratory tests and consultation with other experts may be needed to complete the workup. Imaging studies should include full-length standing X-rays in all relevant planes, and additional imaging modalities like computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may add information on bone morphology and growth plates' anatomy. Based on the data, analysis of the deformity and length differences is performed, followed by prediction of deformities at skeletal maturity...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805883/quality-of-lab-appliances-in-orthodontic-offices
#13
D P Pruzansky, J H Park
: Lab appliances are an integral part of orthodontics, from active treatment to retention. The quality and fit of an appliance can affect the treatment result and stability. AIMS: This study aims to determine common points of failure in orthodontic appliances, and suggest methods to reduce this rate. METHODS: A survey consisting of 23 questions was distributed to active members of the American Association of Orthodontists (AAO) via Survey Monkey...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793402/one-year-outcomes-of-transcatheter-aortic%C3%A2-valve-implantation-using-the-direct%C3%A2-aortic%C3%A2-approach
#14
Giuseppe Bruschi, Marian Branny, Molly Schiltgen, Federica Ettori, Bertrand Marcheix, Hafid Amrane, Hasan Bushnaq, M Erwin S H Tan, Uday Trivedi, Piotr Branny, Silvio Klugmann, Giuseppe Coletti, Nicolas Dumonteil, Fabiano Porta, Anna Nordell, Neil Moat
BACKGROUND: The direct aortic (DA) approach allows for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) in patients with difficult peripheral vascular anatomy. The CoreValve ADVANCE Direct Aortic (ADVANCE DA) study was performed to assess the outcomes of DA TAVI with the CoreValve System (Medtronic, Minneapolis, MN) in routine practice. METHODS: Patients were selected for the DA approach by local cardiac surgical teams, and TAVI was performed with patients under general anesthesia...
October 25, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789336/differential-plantaris-achilles-tendon-motion-a-sonographic-and-cadaveric-investigation
#15
Jay Smith, Håkan Alfredson, Lorenzo Masci, Jacob L Sellon, Charonn D Woods
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether differential, multidirectional motion exists between the plantaris tendon (PT) and Achilles tendon (AT) as documented by dynamic ultrasound (US) and post-dissection examination in an unembalmed cadaveric model. DESIGN: Prospective, cadaveric laboratory investigation. SETTING: Procedural skills laboratory in a tertiary medical center. SUBJECTS: 20 unembalmed knee-ankle-foot specimens (9 right, 11 left) obtained from 6 male and 10 female donors ages 55-96 years (mean 80 years) with BMI's of 14...
October 24, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787268/anatomy-of-the-cervicomental-region-insights-from-an-anatomy-laboratory-and-roundtable-discussion
#16
Jeffrey M Kenkel, Derek H Jones, Steven Fagien, Dee Anna Glaser, Gary D Monheit, Karen Stauffer, Jonathan M Sykes
In 2015, ATX-101 (deoxycholic acid injection; Kybella in the United States and Belkyra in Canada; Kythera Biopharmaceuticals, Inc., Westlake Village, CA [an affiliate of Allergan plc, Dublin, Ireland]) was approved as a first-in-class injectable drug for reduction of submental fat. Use of a pharmacologic/injectable therapy within the submental region requires a thorough understanding of cervicomental anatomy to ensure proper injection technique and safe administration. To this end, an anatomy laboratory was conducted to review key external landmarks and important internal anatomic structures that characterize the lower face and anterior neck...
November 2016: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787267/proper-technique-for-administration-of-atx-101-deoxycholic-acid-injection-insights-from-an-injection-practicum-and-roundtable-discussion
#17
Derek H Jones, Jeffrey M Kenkel, Steven Fagien, Dee Anna Glaser, Gary D Monheit, Karen Stauffer, Jonathan M Sykes
ATX-101 (deoxycholic acid injection; Kybella in the United States and Belkyra in Canada; Kythera Biopharmaceuticals, Inc., Westlake Village, CA [an affiliate of Allergan plc, Dublin, Ireland]) is the first aesthetic injectable approved for reduction of submental fat. In February 2014, an injection practicum was conducted in the anatomy laboratory at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center to explore the proper injection technique for ATX-101 and the importance of its appropriate, safe anatomical placement within the submental area...
November 2016: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783314/space-occupying-lesions-in-the-liver
#18
REVIEW
Manigandan Subramanyam Thyagarajan, Khalid Sharif
Space occupying liver lesions usually present with abdominal pain or abnormal physical findings, such as a palpable abdominal mass or distention. Liver lesions identified in children include benign and malignant neoplasms, inflammatory masses, cysts and metastatic lesions. Two-thirds of liver lesions in children are malignant. Hepatoblastoma accounts for two-thirds of malignant liver tumors in children. Benign lesions of the liver in children include vascular lesions, hamartomas, adenomas, and focal nodular hyperplasia...
October 25, 2016: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777116/digital-preservation-of-anatomical-variation-3d-modeling-of-embalmed-and-plastinated-cadaveric-specimens-using-uct-and-mri
#19
Colin W Moore, Timothy D Wilson, Charles L Rice
Anatomy educators have an opportunity to teach anatomical variations as a part of medical and allied health curricula using both cadaveric and three-dimensional (3D) digital models of these specimens. Beyond published cadaveric case reports, anatomical variations identified during routine gross anatomy dissection can be powerful teaching tools and a medium to discuss several anatomical sub-disciplines from embryology to medical imaging. The purpose of this study is to document how cadaveric anatomical variation identified during routine dissection can be scanned using medical imaging techniques to create two-dimensional axial images and interactive 3D models for teaching and learning of anatomical variations...
October 21, 2016: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765721/neuronavigated-fiber-dissection-with-pial-preservation-a-laboratory-model-to-simulate-opercular-approaches-to-insular-tumors
#20
Emmanuel Mandonnet, Juan Martino, Silvio Sarubbo, Francesco Corrivetti, Schahraed Bouazza, Damien Bresson, Hugues Duffau, Sebastien Froelich
BACKGROUND: Advances in the oncological and functional results of insular surgery have been reported recently. Such successes have been made possible by the advent of the transopercular approach under awake monitoring and by the improved anatomical and functional knowledge of the white matter pathways surrounding the insula. Nonetheless, given the rarity of insular tumors, it is difficult to get familiar with the complex 3D anatomy of the different neuronal and vascular structures encountered during a transopercular insular resection...
October 17, 2016: World Neurosurgery
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