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arsenic + cancer

Asfandyar Shahab, Shihua Qi, Muhammad Zaheer
Arsenic (As) contamination in drinking water is a global public health risk. The present study highlighted the geological and anthropogenic causes of As contamination in groundwater (GW) and surface water (SW) and assessment of their potential health risks in Sindh province of Pakistan. Upon analyzing 720 GW and SW samples from 18 different sites, the estimates of As in groundwater and surface water was observed in the range of 0 to 125 and 0 to 35 μg/L with mean values of 46.8 and 15.43 μg/L respectively...
June 18, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Grant Quiller, Ángel Mérida-Ortega, Stephen J Rothenberg, Mariano E Cebrián, A Jay Gandolfi, Francisco Franco-Marina, Lizbeth López-Carrillo
Inorganic arsenic (iAs) exposure increases risk of several diseases, including cancer. Some nutrients such as flavonoids enhance glutathione activity, which in turn play a key role in iAs elimination. Our objective was to explore whether dietary non-soy flavonoids are associated with iAs metabolism. We hypothesized that the intake of flavonoids belonging to the following groups, flavan-3-ols, flavone, flavonol, flavanone, and anthocyanidin, is positively associated with urinary dimethylarsinic acid (DMA), which is the most soluble iAs metabolite excreted...
July 2018: Nutrition Research
Jamal Rahmani, Yadolah Fakhri, Ali Miri, Abbas Shahsavani, Zohreh Bahmani, Mauricio A Urbina, Salvatore Chirumbolo, Hassan Keramati, Bigard Moradi, Abotaleb Bay, Geir Bjørklund
Human consumption of fish protein, including canned tuna fish, is increasing steadily worldwide. However, there are some concerns about the potential exposure to elevated concentrations of metals in canned tuna fish. Several studies have been conducted in Iran regarding the concentration of metals in seafood, including copper (Cu), selenium (Se), iron (Fe), zinc (Zn), mercury (Hg), lead (Pb), chromium (Cr), arsenic (As), nickel (Ni), tin (Sn), and cadmium (Cd) in canned tuna fish. The main aim of this study was to gather data from existing papers and to perform a meta-analysis of the pooled concentrations of metals to evaluate their non-carcinogenic and carcinogenic risks in children and adults consumers...
June 15, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Xilin Xiong, Yang Li, Ling Liu, Kai Qi, Chi Zhang, Yueqin Chen, Jianpei Fang
BACKGROUND: Arsenic trioxide (As2 O3 ), a drug that has been used in China for approximately two thousand years, induces cell death in a variety of cancer cell types, including neuroblastoma (NB). The tyrosine kinase receptor (Trk) family comprises three members, namely TrkA, TrkB and TrkC. Various studies have confirmed that TrkA and TrkC expression is associated with a good prognosis in NB, while TrkB overexpression can lead to tumor cell growth and invasive metastasis. Previous studies have shown that As2 O3 can inhibit the growth and proliferation of a human NB cell line and can also affect the N-Myc mRNA expression...
June 13, 2018: Biological Research
B H Marouf
Background: : Exposure to heavy metals is considered as the main threat to human health and biological system. Darbandikhan Lake is one of the three large lakes in Kurdistan, Northern Iraq; it is currently at a high risk of pollution by sewage and municipal wastes. The current study was designed to highlight the potential association between concentration of heavy metals and carcinogenicity in people who live in Darbandikhan and the surrounding area. Materials and Methods: : A case-control study was carried out on 29 cancerous patients and 25 healthy individuals from Darbandikhan, Kalar, and the surrounding area; the patients were admitted to the Hiwa Oncology Center in Sulaimani City...
June 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Qiang Liu, Yibo Liao, Lu Shou
Commercial marine fish, crustacean, and mollusc samples were collected from Sanmen Bay and its adjacent areas to investigate the accumulation of heavy metals in various species of marine organisms and evaluate the potential health risk for local consumers. The results indicated significant variations in metal contents among species. The highest concentrations of studied metals were found in molluscs, followed by crustaceans and fish. The first metal group of arsenic (As), cadmium, copper, and zinc were associated by their relatively high concentrations in the tissues of marine organisms, whereas chromium, mercury, and lead were identified the other group with low concentrations...
June 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Sakshi Sharma, Inderpreet Kaur, Avinash Kaur Nagpal
Present study was conducted to estimate the bioconcentration of total arsenic (t-As), manganese (Mn) and iron (Fe) in mustard seeds and maize grains cultivated in agricultural fields of Ropar wetland and its surroundings. Possible health risks posed to residents of study area via daily dietary intake of inorganic arsenic (i-As), manganese and iron via consumption of mustard seeds, maize grains and groundwater were also assessed. i-As content was determined form t-As using relevant conversion factor (i-As = t-As in groundwater and i-As = 70% t-As in food crops)...
June 8, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Maliheh Moradzadeh, Azar Hosseini, Hasan Rakhshandeh, Azita Aghaei, Hamid Reza Sadeghnia
Objective: Cuscuta campestris or common dodder is a holoparasitic plant that has been valorized for treatment of liver injury and cancer prevention in traditional medicine. Recently, extract of C. campestris had shown moderate antimicrobial properties and cytotoxic effects. In this study, we examined the level of cellular oxidants, cytotoxicity, apoptosis and differentiation induced by hydroalcoholic extract of C. campestris (CCE) (12.5-200 µg/ml), as well as arsenic trioxide (As2 O3 , 50 µM), in human leukemic (HL60 and NB4) and normal polymorph nuclear cells after 72 hr treatment...
May 2018: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
Steven H Lamm, Isabella J Boroje, Hamid Ferdosi, Jaeil Ahn
While epidemiologic studies clearly demonstrate drinking water with high levels of arsenic as a significant risk factor for lung cancer, the evidence at low levels (≤50 μg/L) is uncertain. Therefore, we have conducted an ecological analysis of recent lung cancer incidence for US counties with a groundwater supply of.
June 7, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Jamie L Young, Lu Cai, J Christopher States
Exposure to environmental stressors during susceptible windows of development can result in negative health outcomes later in life, a concept known as the Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD). There is a growing body of evidence that exposures to metals early in life (in utero and postnatal) increase the risk of developing adult diseases such as cancer, cardiovascular disease, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, and diabetes. Of particular concern is exposure to the metalloid arsenic, a drinking water contaminant and worldwide health concern...
June 6, 2018: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
Shukurat O Bakare, Adewale S Adebayo, Henrietta O Awobode, Olugbenga S Onile, Atinuke M Agunloye, Raphael D Isokpehi, Chiaka I Anumudu
Background: Chronic schistosomiasis and arsenic exposure through drinking water are some of the risk factors for bladder cancer. To determine the association of schistosomiasis and arsenicosis with bladder pathologies, 122 individuals from Eggua in southwest Nigeria were recruited for this study. Methods: Prevalence of schistosomiasis was determined by urine microscopy and PCR. Total urinary arsenic concentration and arsenic levels in three different water sources in the community were assessed by flame atomic absorption spectrometry...
June 2, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Chao-Yuan Huang, Ying-Chin Lin, Horng-Sheng Shiue, Wei-Jen Chen, Chien-Tien Su, Yeong-Shiau Pu, Pui-Lam Ao, Yu-Mei Hsueh
Arsenic exposure is an environmental risk factor for urothelial carcinoma (UC). The natural history of upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) differs from that of bladder cancer (BC). However, the risk factors of BC and UTUC are not exactly the same and should be discussed separately. The aims of this study were to evaluate 1) the association between arsenic methylation capacity and UTUC and/or BC, separately, and 2) the association between polymorphisms of the arsenic metabolism-related genes AS3MT, GSTOs, and PNP against BC and/or UTUC, separately...
May 30, 2018: Toxicology Letters
Supanad Hensawang, Penradee Chanpiwat
Food is one of the major sources of arsenic (As) exposure in humans. The objectives of this study were to determine the bioaccessible concentration of As in rice grain sold in Bangkok and to evaluate the potential health risks associated with rice consumption. Polished (n = 32) and husked (n = 17) jasmine rice were collected from local markets. In vitro digestion was performed to determine the bioaccessible As concentrations, which were used for probabilistic health risk assessments in different age groups of the population...
May 22, 2018: Chemosphere
Allan Peter Davis, Thomas C Wiegers, Jolene Wiegers, Robin J Johnson, Daniela Sciaky, Cynthia J Grondin, Carolyn J Mattingly
The Comparative Toxicogenomics Database (CTD; is a public resource that manually curates the scientific literature to provide content that illuminates the molecular mechanisms by which environmental exposures affect human health. We introduce our new chemical-phenotype module that describes how chemicals can affect molecular, cellular, and physiological phenotypes. At CTD, we operationally distinguish between phenotypes and diseases, wherein a phenotype refers to a non-disease biological event: e...
May 28, 2018: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
Ana P F Cardoso, Laila Al-Eryani, J Christopher States
Arsenic is a toxic metalloid widely present in the earth's crust, and is a proven human carcinogen. Chronic arsenic exposure mainly through drinking water causes skin, lung and urinary bladder cancers, and is associated with liver, prostate and kidney cancers, cardiovascular and neurological disorders, and diabetes. Several modes of action have been suggested in arsenic carcinogenesis. However, the molecular etiology of arsenic induced cancer remains unclear. Recent evidence clearly indicates that gene expression modifications induced by arsenic may involve epigenetic alterations, including miRNA dysregulation...
May 28, 2018: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
Jessica H Hartman, Latasha L Smith, Kacy L Gordon, Ricardo Laranjeiro, Monica Driscoll, David R Sherwood, Joel N Meyer
Exercise and caloric restriction improve health, including reducing risk of cardiovascular disease, neurological disease, and cancer. However, molecular mechanisms underlying these protections are poorly understood, partly due to the cost and time investment of mammalian long-term diet and exercise intervention studies. We subjected Caenorhabditis elegans nematodes to a 6-day, twice daily swimming exercise regimen, during which time the animals also experienced brief, transient food deprivation. Accordingly, we included a non-exercise group with the same transient food deprivation, a non-exercise control with ad libitum access to food, and a group that exercised in food-containing medium...
May 29, 2018: Scientific Reports
Olulope Ajayi, Mabel Charles-Davies, John Anetor, Adeyinka Ademola
Breast cancer is broadly sub-divided into hormone responsive and non-hormone responsive subtypes. Estradiol has been associated with hormone responsive breast cancers. There is, however, a paucity of information on the role of sex hormones, gonadotropins, and thyroid hormone in non-hormone responsive breast cancer. This study aimed to determine differences in the serum levels of sex hormones, gonadotropins, thyroid hormones, and endocrine disruptors (lead, cadmium, and arsenic) in Nigerian women with hormone responsive and non-hormone responsive breast cancers...
May 18, 2018: Medical Sciences: Open Access Journal
Yadolah Fakhri, Narottam Saha, Ali Miri, Aziz Rahimizadeh, Laleh Roomiani, Mansour Ghaderpoori, Mahmoud Taghavi, Hassan Keramati, Zohreh Bahmani, Bigard Moradi, Nazak Amanidaz
Despite the benefits of seafood's consumption, the bioaccumulation of metals in fish can endanger consumers' health. This study analyzed lead (Pb), mercury (Hg), Arsenic (As), and Cadmium (Cd) concentrations in fillet and gill of parrotfish (Scarus ghobban) using flame atomic adsorption spectroscopy (FAAS). The potential non-carcinogenic and carcinogenic health risks due to consumption of Scarus ghobban fillet were assessed by estimating average target hazard quotient (THQ) and total target hazard quotient (TTHQ) and Incremental Lifetime Cancer Risk cancer risk (ILCR) of the analyzed metals...
May 18, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Qiao Yi Chen, Max Costa
Arsenic is a naturally occurring ubiquitous metalloid found in the Earth's crust. In its inorganic form, Arsenic is highly toxic and carcinogenic, and is widely found across the globe and through out the environment. As an International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) defined Class I human carcinogen, arsenic has been found to cause multiple human cancers including liver, lung, urinary bladder, skin, kidney, and prostate. Mechanisms of arsenic-induced carcinogenesis remain elusive and this review specifically focuses on the role of PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway in promoting cancer development...
May 16, 2018: Molecular Pharmacology
I Loaiza, M De Troch, G De Boeck
Scallops and their potential predators were collected in Sechura Bay and in front of the Illescas Reserved Zone (north Peru), during El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) 2016, and analyzed for the metals chromium (Cr), manganese (Mn), iron (Fe), nickel (Ni), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb). This study showed that ~20% of the molluscs exceeded the maximum residual levels (MRLs) for human consumption in inorganic As, while ~30% of the crustaceans did. For Cd, around 10% and 40% of the molluscs and the crustaceans were above the MRLs, respectively...
May 11, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
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