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arsenic + cancer

Majid Zaki Dizaji, Seyed H Ghaffari, Elham Hosseini, Nasrin Alizadeh, Shahrbano Rostami, Majid Momeny, Kamran Alimoghaddam, Ardeshir Ghavamzadeh
AIM: Survivin, an inhibitor of apoptosis protein, is overexpressed in most cancers and is associated with chemotherapy resistance, increased tumor recurrence and shorter patient survival. Several survivin splice variants have been described, and none of their expressions have been defined in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). METHODS: Expression of the survivin gene isoforms (survivin, -2α, -2B, -ΔΕx3 and -3B) were analyzed in 50 peripheral blood and 19 bone marrow samples that were collected at different phases of the disease (diagnostic, remission and relapse) in APL patients treated with arsenic trioxide (ATO) as a front-line therapy...
October 22, 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
Haniyeh Eyvani, Farima Moghaddaskho, Majid Kabuli, Ali Zekri, Majid Momeny, Javad Tavakkoly-Bazzaz, Kamran Alimoghaddam, Ardeshir Ghavamzadeh, Seyed H Ghaffari
AIMS: Cell cycle dysregulation is important in tumorigenesis. Transcriptional silencing of cell cycle regulatory genes, due to DNA methylation, is a common epigenetic event in malignancies. As2O3 has been shown to induce cell cycle arrest and also to be a potential hypomethylating agent. Our study aimed to investigate DNA methylation patterns of cell cycle regulatory genes promoters, the effects of Arsenic trioxide (As2O3) on the methylated genes and cell cycle distribution in colorectal cancer (CRC) cell lines...
October 18, 2016: Life Sciences
Caitlin G Howe, Xinhua Liu, Megan N Hall, Vesna Ilievski, Marie A Caudill, Olga Malysheva, Angela M Lomax-Luu, Faruque Parvez, Abu B Siddique, Hasan Shahriar, Mohammad N Uddin, Tariqul Islam, Joseph H Graziano, Max Costa, Mary V Gamble
BACKGROUND: Posttranslational histone modifications (PTHMs) are altered by arsenic, an environmental carcinogen. PTHMs are also influenced by nutritional methyl donors involved in one-carbon metabolism (OCM), which may protect against epigenetic dysregulation. METHODS: We measured global levels of three PTHMs, which are dysregulated in cancers (H3K36me2, H3K36me3, H3K79me2), in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from 324 participants enrolled in the Folic Acid and Creatine Trial, a randomized trial in arsenic-exposed Bangladeshi adults...
October 20, 2016: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
D A Román, I Pizarro, L Rivera, J Ávila, P Cortés
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the short-term 24 h urinary excretion of platinum, arsenic, selenium, magnesium and zinc in patients with lung cancer and with cancer other than lungs treated with cisplatin or/and carboplatin from Antofagasta, Chile. DESIGN: Urine measurements of Pt and Se were made by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry, As by hydride-generation atomic absorption spectrometry and Mg and Zn by means of flame furnace atomic absorption spectrometry...
October 2016: JRSM Open
Anliang Huang, Dan Yue, Danying Liao, Liuliu Cheng, Jinhu Ma, Yuquan Wei, Aiping Tong, Ping Cheng
Arsenic trioxide (ATO) has demonstrated clinical efficacy in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) and in vitro activity in various solid tumors. As2O3 as single agent exhibits poor efficacy for treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in phase II trial, suggesting that new modalities of treatment with enhanced therapeutic effect and alleviated toxicity are needed for application of As2O3 on patients with HCC. Survivin is the strongest inhibitor of apoptosis protein over-expressed in tumors, which has been proposed as an attractive target for new anticancer interventions...
October 11, 2016: Oncology Reports
Keeve E Nachman, David C Love, Patrick A Baron, Anne E Nigra, Manuela Murko, Georg Raber, Kevin A Francesconi, Ana Navas-Acien
BACKGROUND: Use of nitarsone, an arsenic-based poultry drug, may result in dietary exposures to inorganic arsenic (iAs) and other arsenic species. Nitarsone was withdrawn from the US market in 2015, but use in other countries may continue. OBJECTIVES: Characterize the impact of nitarsone use on arsenic species in turkey meat and arsenic exposures among turkey consumers, and estimate cancer risk increases from consuming turkey treated with nitarsone prior to its 2015 US withdrawal...
October 13, 2016: Environmental Health Perspectives
Hongwen Cao, Yigeng Feng, Lei Chen
As the main component of realgar, arsenic sulfide (As4 S4 ) contains anti-tumour activity by repressing cancer cell proliferation and migration in many tumours. However, the detailed mechanism of these processes is not clear yet. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) can function as tumour suppressor or oncogene based on their target mRNAs in different tumour tissues. Here, we found that As4 S4 could repress the over-expression of microRNA-372 (miR-372) in two prostate cancer cell lines and its over-expression promoted cell proliferation and migration...
October 12, 2016: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
Xiaowen Yan, Jinhua Li, Qingqing Liu, Hanyong Peng, Aleksandra Popowich, Zhixin Wang, Xing-Fang Li, X Chris Le
Identification of arsenic-binding proteins is important for understanding arsenic health effects and for developing arsenic-based therapeutics. We report here a strategy for the capture and identification of arsenic-binding proteins in living cells. We designed an azide-labeled arsenical, p-azidophenylarsenoxide (PAzPAO), to serve bio-orthogonal functions: the trivalent arsenical group binds to cellular proteins in situ, and the azide group facilitates click chemistry with dibenzylcyclooctyne. The selective and efficient capture of arsenic-binding proteins enables subsequent enrichment and identification by shotgun proteomics...
October 10, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
Jonathan Choiniere, Li Wang
Arsenic is a carcinogenic environmental factor found in food and drinking water around the world. The mechanisms in which arsenic alters homeostasis are not fully understood. Over the past few decades, light has been shed on varying mechanisms in which arsenic induces cancer. Such mechanisms include gut microbe perturbations, genotoxic effects, and epigenetic modification. Gut microbe perturbations have been shown to increase the level of pathogen-associated molecular patterns such as lipopolysaccharide (LPS) leading to uncontained inflammation...
September 2016: Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica. B
Meredith Eckstein, Rebekah Eleazer, Matthew Rea, Yvonne Fondufe-Mittendorf
Arsenic is a ubiquitous metalloid that is not mutagenic but is carcinogenic. The mechanism(s) by which arsenic causes cancer remain unknown. To date, several mechanisms have been proposed, including the arsenic-induced generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). However, it is also becoming evident that inorganic arsenic (iAs) may exert its carcinogenic effects by changing the epigenome, and thereby modifying chromatin structure and dynamics. These epigenetic changes alter the accessibility of gene regulatory factors to DNA, resulting in specific changes in gene expression both at the levels of transcription initiation and gene splicing...
October 4, 2016: Reviews on Environmental Health
Chien-Pang Lee, Yen-Hsin Lee, Ie-Bin Lian, Che-Chun Su
Background: Heavy metal pollution in farm soils is a grave concern in Taiwan. Previously, we found the incidence of oral cancer (OC) correlated positively with levels of nickel and arsenic in farm soils. Many OC patients have a second malignancy, among which esophageal cancer (EC) is the most common one in Taiwan. Objectives: We aimed to investigate whether these two cancers share some common risk factors. Methods: Taiwan began a compulsory national health insurance program in 1995. We used a database from this program to calculate the prevalence of EC and OC in Taiwan...
2016: Journal of Cancer
Erin Damery, Dominic A Solimando, J Aubrey Waddell
The complexity of cancer chemotherapy requires pharmacists be familiar with the complicated regimens and highly toxic agents used. This column reviews various issues related to preparation, dispensing, and administration of antineoplastic therapy, and the agents, both commercially available and investigational, used to treat malignant diseases. Questions or suggestions for topics should be addressed to Dominic A. Solimando, Jr., President, Oncology Pharmacy Services, Inc., 4201 Wilson Blvd #110-545, Arlington, VA 22203, e-mail: OncRxSvc@comcast...
September 2016: Hospital Pharmacy
Ling-I Hsu, Yu-Wen Cheng, Chien-Jen Chen, Meei-Maan Wu, Kuang-Hung Hsu, Hung-Yi Chiou, Chih-Hung Lee
Long-term arsenic exposure results in atherosclerosis and cancers, along with aberrant immune responses. Animal-based and epidemiological studies indicate that arsenic exposure increases susceptibility to viral and bacterial infections. This study aimed to assess whether arsenic exposure is associated with the development of fungal infection, which is substantially attributed to as a cause of aberrant immunity. Based on two well-established cohorts from two basins in southwestern (SW; high arsenic area) and northeastern (NE; low arsenic area) Taiwan (n=297 and 2738, respectively), the arsenic exposure in well water was estimated using HPLC-ICP-MS...
September 29, 2016: Environment International
Nandana Das, Allan Giri, Sayan Chakraborty, Pritha Bhattacharjee
Long term consumption of arsenic contaminated water causes a number of dermatological and non-dermatological health problems and cancer. In a Genome Wide Association Study (GWAS) on Bangladesh population, a significant association of asingle nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the C10orf32 region (rs 9527; G>A) with urinary metabolites and arsenic induced skin lesions was reported. This study aims to evaluate the association of the C10orf32 G to A polymorphism (rs9527), concerned with As3MT read-through transcription, with the development of arsenic induced skin lesions in the arsenic exposed individuals of West Bengal, India...
October 2016: Mutation Research
A Bauer
The incidence of epithelial skin neoplasms, such as squamous cell carcinoma and basal cell carcinoma is significantly increasing worldwide. Leisure time solar UV exposure is causative in the overwhelming majority of cases in the general population; however, occupational exposure is responsible for a certain percentage of cases. Employees with a relevant exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in soot, raw paraffin, coal tar, anthracene, pitch or similar substances, to sunlight in outdoor occupations as well as to arsenic and ionizing radiation have a significantly increased risk to develop occupational skin cancer compared to the general population...
September 28, 2016: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
Lei Wang, Xiang Hu, Yingxin Xu, Zhong Liu
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of arsenic trioxide (As2O3) on the infiltration of regulatory T cells (Tregs) in the local lung metastasis of mouse colon cancer in vivo and the regulation of Tregs in cytokine-induced killer cells (CIKs) in vitro. A high Tregs infiltration mouse colon cancer lung metastasis model was established by intravenous injection of CT26 murine colon carcinoma cells. Tumor-bearing mice were randomly divided into three groups: control group, low-dose As2O3 group, and high-dose As2O3 group...
September 27, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Hai-Ying Hua, Hua-Qiang Gao, Ai-Ning Sun, Jian-Nong Cen, Li-Li Wu
Although certain combination therapies comprising arsenic trioxide (As2O3) with other agents exist for the treatment of several types of human cancer, few As2O3 combination therapies are clinically effective for myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). Triptolide (TL) may be an effective therapeutic agent for the treatment of MDS. However, to date, there is no combination therapy for MDS with As2O3 and TL. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate this combination therapy on the apoptosis of MDS SKM‑1 cells...
September 26, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
S Obiri, O D Ansa-Asare, S Mohammed, H F Darko, A G Dartey
Recycling of e-waste using informal or crude techniques poses serious health risk not only to the workers but also to the environment as whole. It is against this background that this paper sought to measure health risk faced by informal e-waste workers from exposure to toxicants such as lead, cadmium, chromium, copper, arsenic, tin, zinc and cobalt via oral and dermal contact with bottom ash and soil. Using random sampling techniques, 3 separate sites each (where burning and manual dismantling of e-wastes are usually carried) were identified, and a total of 402 samples were collected...
October 2016: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Iulia A Neamtiu, Michael S Bloom, Irina Dumitrascu, Carmen A Roba, Cristian Pop, Claudia Ordeanu, Ovidiu Balacescu, Eugen S Gurzau
BACKGROUND: Cancer research is a national and international priority, with the efficiency and effectiveness of current anti-tumor therapies being one of the major challenges with which physicians are faced. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of exposure to tobacco smoke, arsenic, and phthalates on cervical cancer treatment. METHODS: We investigated 37 patients with locally advanced cervical carcinoma who underwent chemotherapy and radiotherapy...
2016: PeerJ
Srijit Das, Seong Lin Teoh
The incidence of lung cancers has increased globally. Increased exposure to tobacco, passive smoking, less consumption of vegetables and fruits and occupational exposure to asbestos, arsenic and chromium are the main risk factors. The pathophysiology of lung cancer is complex and not well understood. Various microRNAs, genes and pathways are associated with lung cancers. The genes involved in lung cancers produce proteins involved in cell growth, differentiation, different cell cycles, apoptosis, immune modulation, tumor spread and progression...
September 7, 2016: Current Drug Targets
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