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Ana Maria Abreu-Velez, Wendy Gao, Michael S Howard
Background: The majority of the patients affected by a new variant of endemic pemphigus foliaceus in El Bagre, Colombia (El Bagre EPF or pemphigus Abreu-Manu), have experienced vision problems; we have previously reported several ocular abnormalities. Methods: Here, we aimed to investigate reactivity to optic nerves in these patients. We utilized bovine, rat and mouse optic nerves, and performed immunofluorescence and confocal microscopy to test for optical nerve autoreactivity...
January 2018: Dermatology Practical & Conceptual
A M Abreu-Velez, C A Valencia-Yepes, Y A Upegui-Zapata, E Upegui-Quiceno, N R Mesa-Herrera, J E Velazquez-Velez, M S Howard
BACKGROUND: We identified a new variant of endemic pemphigus foliaceus in El Bagre, Colombia, South America, which we term El Bagre-EPF, and observed reactivity to arrector pili muscle (APM), thus we tested for autoimmunity to APM. METHODS: We took skin biopsies from 30 patients with El Bagre-EPF and 30 healthy controls (HCs) matched by age, sex and occupation, who were all from the endemic area, and tested these using direct immunofluorescence (DIF), confocal microscopy, immunohistochemistry and immunoblotting (IB)...
October 15, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
Gemma Navarro, Eva Martínez-Pinilla, Alejandro Sánchez-Melgar, Raquel Ortiz, Véronique Noé, Mairena Martín, Carlos Ciudad, Rafael Franco
The mode of action of trans-resveratrol, a promising lead compound for the development of neuroprotective drugs, is unknown. Data from a functional genomics study were retrieved with the aim to find differentially expressed genes that may be involved in the benefits provided by trans-resveratrol. Genes that showed a significantly different expression (p<0.05, cut-off of a two-fold change) in mice fed with a control diet or a control diet containing trans-resveratrol were different in cortex, heart and skeletal muscle...
2017: PloS One
John C Kennedy, Damir Khabibullin, Elizabeth P Henske
Loss-of-function mutations in the folliculin gene (FLCN) on chromosome 17p cause Birt-Hogg-Dube syndrome (BHD), which is associated with cystic lung disease. The risk of lung collapse (pneumothorax) in BHD patients is 50-fold higher than in the general population. The cystic lung disease in BHD is distinctive because the cysts tend to be basilar, subpleural and lentiform, differentiating BHD from most other cystic lung diseases. Recently, major advances in elucidating the primary functions of the folliculin protein have been made, including roles in mTOR and AMPK signaling via the interaction of FLCN with FNIP1/2, and cell-cell adhesion via the physical interaction of FLCN with plakophilin 4 (PKP4), an armadillo-repeat containing protein that interacts with E-cadherin and is a component of the adherens junctions...
April 2016: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
Ylva Ivarsson, Roland Arnold, Megan McLaughlin, Satra Nim, Rakesh Joshi, Debashish Ray, Bernard Liu, Joan Teyra, Tony Pawson, Jason Moffat, Shawn Shun-Cheng Li, Sachdev S Sidhu, Philip M Kim
The human proteome contains a plethora of short linear motifs (SLiMs) that serve as binding interfaces for modular protein domains. Such interactions are crucial for signaling and other cellular processes, but are difficult to detect because of their low to moderate affinities. Here we developed a dedicated approach, proteomic peptide-phage display (ProP-PD), to identify domain-SLiM interactions. Specifically, we generated phage libraries containing all human and viral C-terminal peptides using custom oligonucleotide microarrays...
February 18, 2014: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Kristine Raaby Jakobsen, Emilie Sørensen, Karin Kathrine Brøndum, Tina Fuglsang Daugaard, Rune Thomsen, Anders Lade Nielsen
BACKGROUND: Protrusions of cancer cells conferrers a vital function for cell migration and metastasis. Protein and RNA localization mechanisms have been extensively examined and shown to play pivotal roles for the functional presence of specific protein components in cancer cell protrusions. METHODS: To describe genome wide RNA localized in protrusions of the metastatic human breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231 we used Boyden chamber based methodology followed by direct mRNA sequencing...
2013: Journal of Molecular Signaling
Michael S Nahorski, Laurence Seabra, Ania Straatman-Iwanowska, Aileen Wingenfeld, Anne Reiman, Xiaohong Lu, Jeff A Klomp, Bin T Teh, Mechthild Hatzfeld, Paul Gissen, Eamonn R Maher
Inherited mutations in the folliculin (FLCN) gene cause the Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome of familial hair follicle tumours (fibrofolliculomas), lung cysts and kidney tumours. Though folliculin has features of a tumour suppressor, the precise function of the FLCN gene product is not well characterized. We identified plakophilin-4 (p0071) as a potential novel folliculin interacting protein by yeast two-hybrid analysis. We confirmed the interaction of folliculin with p0071 by co-immunoprecipitation studies and, in view of previous studies linking p0071 to the regulation of rho-signalling, cytokinesis and intercellular junction formation, we investigated the effect of cell folliculin status on p0071-related functions...
December 15, 2012: Human Molecular Genetics
Rune Thomsen, Anders Lade Nielsen
The Boyden chamber assay has been developed for various cell migration and invasion protocols. One variant of the Boyden chamber assay is the pseudopodium isolation assay, which has been developed to identify RNA and proteins localized in pseudopodia cell protrusions. Astrocytes are the most abundant cell type in the CNS and typically extend long cellular protrusions. Increasing interest emerges concerning for example the growth mechanisms and functions of astrocytes in respect to brain development, re-uptake of neurotransmitters in the synaptic cleft and glial scar formation...
November 2011: Glia
Tianhong Xu, Zhao Yang, Matteo Vatta, Alessandra Rampazzo, Giorgia Beffagna, Kalliopi Pilichou, Kalliopi Pillichou, Steven E Scherer, Jeffrey Saffitz, Joshua Kravitz, Wojciech Zareba, Gian Antonio Danieli, Alessandra Lorenzon, Andrea Nava, Barbara Bauce, Gaetano Thiene, Cristina Basso, Hugh Calkins, Kathy Gear, Frank Marcus, Jeffrey A Towbin
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to define the genetic basis of arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC). BACKGROUND: Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy, characterized by right ventricular fibrofatty replacement and arrhythmias, causes sudden death. Autosomal dominant inheritance, reduced penetrance, and 7 desmosome-encoding causative genes are known. The basis of low penetrance is poorly understood. METHODS: Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy probands and family members were enrolled, blood was obtained, lymphoblastoid cell lines were immortalized, deoxyribonucleic acid was extracted, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification of desmosome-encoding genes was performed, PCR products were sequenced, and diseased tissue samples were studied for intercellular junction protein distribution with confocal immunofluorescence microscopy and antibodies against key proteins...
February 9, 2010: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
René Keil, Christina Kiessling, Mechthild Hatzfeld
P0071 (plakophilin-4) is a member of the p120ctn subfamily of armadillo proteins that are essential for cell contact formation. Additionally, p0071 plays a role in cytokinesis, in which it regulates local activation of RhoA together with Ect2. Because spatiotemporal regulation is required for progression through cytokinesis, we analyzed when and how p0071 is targeted to the midbody to induce RhoA activation. We show that Ect2 precedes p0071 accumulation at the midbody and that targeting is mediated by different motor proteins...
April 15, 2009: Journal of Cell Science
Ichiro Izawa, Miwako Nishizawa, Yasuko Tomono, Kazuhiro Ohtakara, Toshitada Takahashi, Masaki Inagaki
BACKGROUND: ERBIN, an ErbB2 receptor-interacting protein, belongs to a recently described family of proteins termed the LAP [leucine-rich repeats and PSD-95/dLg-A/ZO-1 (PDZ) domains] family which has essential roles in establishment of cell polarity. RESULTS: To identify new ERBIN-binding proteins, we screened a yeast two-hybrid library, using the carboxyl-terminal fragment of ERBIN containing PDZ domain as the bait, and we isolated p0071 (also called plakophilin-4) as an ERBIN-interacting protein...
May 2002: Genes to Cells: Devoted to Molecular & Cellular Mechanisms
Fanny Jaulin-Bastard, Jean-Pierre Arsanto, André Le Bivic, Christel Navarro, Frederic Vély, Hiroko Saito, Sylvie Marchetto, Mechthild Hatzfeld, Marie-Josée Santoni, Daniel Birnbaum, Jean-Paul Borg
Integrity of epithelial tissues relies on the proper apical-basolateral polarity of epithelial cells. Members of the LAP (LRR and PDZ) protein family such as LET-413 and Scribble are involved in maintaining epithelial cell polarity in Caenorhabditis elegans and Drosophila melanogaster, respectively. We previously described Erbin as a mammalian LET-413 homologue interacting with ERBB2/HER2, an epidermal growth factor receptor family member. Erbin and ERBB2/HER2 are located in the basolateral membranes of epithelial cells...
January 25, 2002: Journal of Biological Chemistry
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