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Seminal plasma allergy

F-M Köhn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Timothy H Scott-Taylor, Stefan-Claudiu Axinia, Sumeya Amin, Ruth Pettengell
IgE and not IgG is usually associated with allergy. IgE lodged on mast cells in skin or gut and basophils in the blood allows for the prolonged duration of allergy through the persistent expression of high affinity IgE receptors. However, many allergic reactions are not dependent on IgE and are generated in the absence of allergen specific and even total IgE. Instead, IgG plasma cells are involved in induction of, and for much of the pathogenesis of, allergic diseases. The pattern of IgG producing plasma cells in atopic children and the tendency for direct or further class switching to IgE are the principle factors responsible for long-lasting sensitization of mast cells in allergic children...
March 2018: Immunity, Inflammation and Disease
M Jankowski, E Kodyra, J Kaszubowska, R Czajkowski
BACKGROUND: Allergic reaction to seminal plasma was described decades ago. In USA, only tens of thousands women are estimated to be affected. Not only seminal plasma but also cervicovaginal fluid contains sex-restricted antigens, yet allergy to cervicovaginal fluid has never been reported in medical literature. We came to a suspicion that because immunologic tests required to prove such a diagnosis, allergy to cervicovaginal fluid has never been reported yet it is not uncommon. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to use an Internet-based questionnaire to characterize the population of men with suspected hypersensitivity to cervicovaginal fluid...
January 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Gennaro Liccardi, Marco Caminati, Gianenrico Senna, Luigino Calzetta, Paola Rogliani
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Intimate behaviours may represent an unusual way of exposure to a culprit allergen, or the frame for sex-related allergies due to triggers typically linked to that situation. The present review aims at summarizing the state of the art about the topic, in order to spread the awareness and the basic know-how in the field of sexual-related allergies. RECENT FINDINGS: Kiss-related IgE-mediated reactions are caused in sensitized partners mainly by the passive transport of allergenic molecules through saliva, skin or oral mucosa...
October 2017: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Laura Moi, Igor Salvadé, Camillo Ribi
Hypersensitivity to human seminal plasma is rare, but probably under-diagnosed. It should be suspected in women with unexplained anaphylaxis, vulvo-vaginitis, pelvic pain and dyspareunia. The diagnosis relies on the clinical presentation, the exclusion of other causes, a positive skin test result to seminal plasma and the detection of IgE directed to allergenic proteins (such as prostate specific antigen). Use of condoms is the best preventive measure. Premedication with antihistamines or anti-inflammatory agents is often unreliable...
April 5, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
Marco Caminati, Veronica Giorgis, Boaz Palterer, Francesca Racca, Chiara Salvottini, Oliviero Rossi
The exact prevalence of hypersensitivity reactions related to sexual behaviours is not known; however, they heavily impact on the quality of life and of sex life of affected patients. In fact, not only common respiratory and skin allergies, such as asthma, rhinitis, urticaria and atopic dermatitis, but also food and drug allergy have been found to negatively affect the quality of sex life. Allergic diseases impact on the sexual function in both physical and psychological ways, representing one of the main complaints of a considerable proportion of patients...
June 26, 2017: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
J-P Allam, G Haidl, N Novak
A semen allergy is a type I reaction. Reliable figures about incidence/prevalence are not available. Symptoms can be characterized as local and systemic. After exposure to ejaculate, the patient may experience itching and swelling at points of contact, while systemically it may also lead to generalized urticaria with angioedema or higher grade anaphylaxis. As triggering allergens, substances in seminal plasma (SP) have been identified, which can be SP typical or SP atypical. Reactions against spermatozoa have not yet been clearly proven...
December 2015: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
J Eubel, T L Diepgen, E Weisshaar
BACKGROUND: The genital area has a high exposure to various allergens that are not always obvious. Out of shame patients may not complain about symptoms in this area. Moreover, diagnosis and therapy are often not primarily conducted by a dermatologist and allergologist. Therefore, many cases of allergic diseases in the genital area remain undetected. OBJECTIVES: Which type I and type IV allergies occur in the genital area? Which allergens are currently of importance? Which are the characteristics of allergic diseases in the genital area? What are the symptoms and differential diagnoses? What to focus on when taking medical history and in clinical diagnostics? MATERIALS AND METHODS: The current medical literature regarding allergic diseases in the genital area is discussed...
January 2015: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
L Kofler, H Kofler, L Mattsson, J Lidholm
Allergy to human seminal plasma (HSP) is rare. It presents with a variety of symptoms, ranging from localized changes to generalized reactions or even anaphylactic shock. Symptoms typically start within minutes to one hour after exposure. Diagnosis is based on history, evidence of specific IgE antibodies and skin prick testing (SPT). A 25-year-old Caucasian woman presented with eyelid swelling, generalized urticaria and dyspnea immediately after unprotected coitus with her partner. No symptoms occurred when barrier contraception was used...
April 2012: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Maria Basagaña, Borja Bartolome, Carlos Pastor-Vargas, Lars Mattsson, Jonas Lidholm, Moises Labrador-Horrillo
BACKGROUND: The existence of IgE binding to dog dander extract without IgE antibodies against the described dog allergens (Can f 1, 2, 3 and 4) implies the presence of other dog allergens yet to be identified. Recently, an IgE-binding protein was isolated from dog urine and identified as prostatic kallikrein; it has been named Can f 5. Cross-reactivity between a dog dander allergen and human prostate-specific antigen (PSA) has been described. The aim of this study was to identify the dog dander allergen that presents cross-reactivity with PSA and demonstrate its clinical relevance in our patient with human seminal plasma allergy...
2012: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
Ole D Wolthers
Case reports of women with the rare condition of human seminal plasma allergy have indicated that the condition may be associated with life-threatening anaphylactic reactions in relation to coitus. Few observations, if any, of long-term outcome of the condition are available. The aim of this paper was to present a case diagnosed in an 18-year-old girl who presented with generalized urticaria, nasal congestion and secretion, conjunctivitis, and periorbital and labial oedema 6-8 hours after coitus. During five years of followup the condition improved clinically significantly...
2012: Case Reports in Medicine
Woo-Jung Song, Deok-In Kim, Min-Hye Kim, Min-Suk Yang, Yoon-Jeong Kim, Sae-Hoon Kim, Sang-Heon Cho, Kyung-Up Min, Yoon-Seok Chang
Human seminal plasma allergy is a rare phenomenon. Its clinical manifestations are diverse, and range from mild local pruritus to fatal anaphylaxis. Treatment varies with severity of the reactions: abstinence, condom usage or immunotherapy (subcutaneous or intravaginal) with seminal fluid. Local allergic reactions can be managed by prophylactic use of antihistamines or local cromolyn cream. A 33-year-old female visited the Asthma and Allergy Clinic in Seoul National University Bundang Hospital for the recurrent generalized urticarial reactions after sexual intercourse...
October 2011: Asia Pacific Allergy
Cynthia Frapsauce, Isabelle Berthaut, Vanina de Larouziere, Emmanuelle Mathieu d'Argent, Jean-Eric Autegarden, Hanene Elloumi, Jean-Marie Antoine, Jacqueline Mandelbaum
OBJECTIVE: To raise the possibility that pregnancy can be obtained by assisted reproductive techniques in patients with human seminal plasma allergy. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): A woman consulted for a 3-year primary infertility. She reported lack of intercourse because of a seminal plasma allergy. INTERVENTION(S): One intrauterine insemination associated with antihistamine treatment was performed with carefully washed spermatozoa...
July 2010: Fertility and Sterility
Lorenz Müller, Monique Vogel, Michael Stadler, Renato Truffer, Eliane Rohner, Beda M Stadler
Antigenic cross-reactivity has been described between the venom allergen (antigen 5) and mammalian testis proteins. Based on an allergen database we have previously shown that allergens can be represented by allergen motifs. A motif group was found containing venom antigen 5 sequences from different vespids. Using an optimized amino acid profile based on antigen 5 sequences for searching cross-reactive proteins, three human semen proteins belonging to the family of cysteine-rich secretory proteins (hCRISP) were found in the Swiss Protein database...
August 2008: Molecular Immunology
Piotr Jedrzejczak, Leszek Pawelczyk
We report a case of a 32-year-old woman with seminal fluid allergy and secondary infertility. She was unable to have unprotected intercourses due to hypersensitivity to the sperm of her spouse. The symptoms started after the delivery of her first child. She was referred to our division for desensitization by means of the intravaginal rush method. The patient was hospitalized for monitoring, and an intravenous line was placed. The first attempt of desensitization was unsuccessful, because of her general hypersensitivity reaction...
November 2007: Ginekologia Polska
Mary Lee-Wong, Jennifer S Collins, Cyrus Nozad, David J Resnick
BACKGROUND: Human seminal plasma hypersensitivity is a rare disorder that is often misdiagnosed. While this disorder is well described in the allergy and immunology literature, few cases exist in the gynecologic literature. CASE: A young woman presented to our allergy clinic with recurrent vaginal burning, swelling, and itching occurring approximately 10 minutes postcoitally. Semen allergy was suspected. Using her partner's semen, intradermal testing produced 1...
February 2008: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Maria Basagaña, Borja Bartolomé, Carlos Pastor, Ferran Torres, Rosario Alonso, Fernando Vivanco, Anna Cisteró-Bahíma
BACKGROUND: Human seminal plasma (HSP) allergy is uncommon, with symptoms ranging from vulvovaginal pruritus to life-threatening anaphylaxis. Although several seminal plasma allergens have been reported and their molecular masses have been estimated to range between 12 and 75 kd, the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) has recently been identified as a causative allergen. Given that in a large number of cases symptoms appeared during or after the first intercourse, a cross-reactivity phenomenon might be implicated...
January 2008: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Gennaro Liccardi, Gianenrico Senna, Giuseppina Rotiroti, Gennaro D'Amato, Giovanni Passalacqua
OBJECTIVE: To determine how sex and intimate contacts can represent a risk factor for allergic reactions, because they may favor direct contact with sensitizing substances. DATA SOURCES: We collected in this review the available literature on this subject. The MEDLINE database was searched by a combination of keywords: sex OR sexual intercourse OR kiss OR seminal plasma OR condom AND allergy OR allergic reaction. STUDY SELECTION: The studies retrieved were independently evaluated by the authors and included in this review based on their clinical pertinence (i...
November 2007: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
U M Winter, W Harth, R Treudler, J C Simon
Human seminal plasma allergy (HSPA) is a rare allergic reaction to specific protein fractions of seminal plasma, whereof PSA seems to be a relevant allergen. Predominantly Type I-immunoreactions can occur. The main symptoms are localized and generalized urticaria and sometimes anaphylactic symptoms. The diagnosis is based on history, skin tests and on the determination of specific IgE-levels for (un)fractionated seminal plasma. Here we report a patient with recurrent episodes of generalized urticaria after unprotected sexual intercourse and positive prick-test-reaction on seminal plasma...
August 2008: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
Gabriele C Nist, Peter von den Driesch
Allergies to sperm are very uncommon. A 23-year old woman with atopic dermatitis complained of three attacks of angioedema, urticaria, wheezing and weakness. When questioned about factors causing exercise-induced anaphylaxis, the patient reported having had sexual intercourse with the same partner one hour before each event. When using condoms, no symptoms occurred. Human seminal plasma allergy was confirmed by positive skin testing with the partner's sperm. Specific IgE-antibodies against human seminal plasma were not found...
January 2007: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
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