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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150463/month-of-birth-and-risk-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-retrospective-cohort-of-male-children-born-in-israel
#1
Hila Shalev, Ido Solt, Gabriel Chodick
BACKGROUND: Increased incidence and prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) over the last two decades have prompted considerable efforts to investigate its aetiological factors. We examined an association between month of birth and ASD incidence. METHODS: In a retrospective cohort of male children born from January 1999 to December 2008 in a large health organisation in Israel (Maccabi Healthcare Services), ASD was followed from birth through December 2015...
November 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150180/family-centre-bereavement-practices-in-danish-intensive-care-units-a-cross-sectional-national-survey
#2
Ingrid Egerod, Gudrun Kaldan, Maureen Coombs, Marion Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Mortality in Danish intensive care units (ICUs) continues at 27%, resulting in a large number of bereaved family members being cared for in the ICU. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the provision of bereavement care and follow-up services for bereaved families in Danish ICUs. METHODOLOGY: Self-administered computerized cross-sectional nation-wide survey of Danish ICUs. RESULTS: Nurses at 46 of 48 (96%) ICUs in Denmark responded...
November 14, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149315/a-cross-sectional-study-of-malaria-endemicity-and-health-system-readiness-to-deliver-services-in-kenya-namibia-and-senegal
#3
Elizabeth H Lee, Cara H Olsen, Tracey Koehlmoos, Penny Masuoka, Ann Stewart, Jason W Bennett, James Mancuso
Despite good progress towards elimination, malaria continues to contribute substantially to the sub-Saharan African disease burden. Sustaining previous gains requires continued readiness to deliver malaria services in response to actual disease burden, which in turn contributes to health systems strengthening. This study investigates a health system innovation. We examined whether malaria prevalence, or endemicity, is a driver of health facility readiness to deliver malaria services. To estimate this association, we geo-linked cross-sectional facility survey data to endemicity data for Kenya, Namibia and Senegal...
November 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146660/changing-physical-activity-behaviour-for-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-protocol-of-a-randomised-controlled-feasibility-trial-istep-ms
#4
Jennifer M Ryan, Jennifer Fortune, Andrea Stennett, Cherry Kilbride, Nana Anokye, Christina Victor, Wendy Hendrie, Mohamed Abdul, Lorraine DeSouza, Grace Lavelle, Debbie Brewin, Lee David, Meriel Norris
INTRODUCTION: Although physical activity may reduce disease burden, fatigue and disability, and improve quality of life among people with multiple sclerosis (MS), many people with MS are physically inactive and spend significant time in sedentary behaviour. Behaviour change interventions may assist people with MS to increase physical activity and reduce sedentary behaviour. However, few studies have investigated their effectiveness using objective measures of physical activity, particularly in the long term...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146649/what-are-older-smokers-attitudes-to-quitting-and-how-are-they-managed-in-primary-care-an-analysis-of-the-cross-sectional-english-smoking-toolkit-study
#5
Hannah Jordan, Mira Hidajat, Nick Payne, Jean Adams, Martin White, Yoav Ben-Shlomo
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether age is associated with access to smoking cessation services. DESIGN: Data from the Smoking Toolkit Study 2006-2015, a repeated multiwave cross-sectional household survey (n=181 157). SETTING: England. PARTICIPANTS: Past-year smokers who participated in any of the 102 waves stratified into age groups. OUTCOME MEASURES: Amount smoked and nicotine dependency, self-reported quit attempts and use of smoking cessation interventions...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146636/antenatal-care-services-and-its-implications-for-vital-and-health-outcomes-of-children-evidence-from-193-surveys-in-69-low-income-and-middle-income-countries
#6
Jana Kuhnt, Sebastian Vollmer
OBJECTIVES: Antenatal care (ANC) is an essential part of primary healthcare and its provision has expanded worldwide. There is limited evidence of large-scale cross-country studies on the impact of ANC offered to pregnant women on child health outcomes. We investigate the association of ANC in low-income and middle-income countries with short- and long-term mortality and nutritional child outcomes. SETTING: We used nationally representative health and welfare data from 193 Demographic and Health Surveys conducted between 1990 and 2013 from 69 low-income and middle-income countries for women of reproductive age (15-49 years), their children and their respective household...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145783/ntp-niehs-global-contributions-to-toxicologic-pathology
#7
Robert Sills, Amy Brix, Mark Cesta, Sheba R Churchill, Michelle C Cora, Darlene Dixon, Michael Dykstra, Gordon Flake, Ron Herbert, Ramesh Kovi, Kyathanahalli Janardhan, Angela King-Herbert, David Malarkey, Arun Pandiri, Greg Travlos, Cynthia Willson, Susan A Elmore
National Toxicology Program (NTP) pathologists are engaged in important initiatives that have significant global impact. These initiatives build on its leadership in pathology peer review and publications in the areas of toxicologic pathology, clinical pathology, and laboratory animal medicine. Over the past decade, NTP/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences research initiatives have focused on cancer and noncancer hazard identification, with the goal of understanding cellular and molecular mechanisms of disease...
January 1, 2017: Toxicologic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145327/current-practice-and-usual-care-of-major-cervical-disorders-in-korea-a-cross-sectional-study-of-korean-health-insurance-review-and-assessment-service-national-patient-sample-data
#8
A Ryeon Choi, Joon-Shik Shin, Jinho Lee, Yoon Jae Lee, Me-Riong Kim, Min-Seok Oh, Eun-Jung Lee, Sungchul Kim, Mia Kim, In-Hyuk Ha
Neck pain is a highly common condition and is the 4th major cause of years lived with disability. Previous literature has focused on the effect of specific treatments, and observations of actual practice are lacking to date. This study examined Korean health insurance review and assessment service (HIRA) claims data to the aim of assessing prevalence and comparing current medical practice and costs of cervical disorders in Korea.Current practice trends were determined through assessment of prevalence, total expenses, per-patient expense, average days in care, average days of visits, sociodemographic characteristics, distribution of medical costs, and frequency of treatment types of high frequency cervical disorders (cervical sprain/strain, cervical intervertebral disc displacement [IDD], and cervicalgia)...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144421/paralytic-shellfish-toxins-and-cyanotoxins-in-the-mediterranean-new-data-from-sardinia-and-sicily-italy
#9
Antonella Lugliè, Maria Grazia Giacobbe, Elena Riccardi, Milena Bruno, Silvia Pigozzi, Maria Antonietta Mariani, Cecilia Teodora Satta, Daniela Stacca, Anna Maria Bazzoni, Tiziana Caddeo, Pasqualina Farina, Bachisio Mario Padedda, Silvia Pulina, Nicola Sechi, Anna Milandri
Harmful algal blooms represent a severe issue worldwide. They affect ecosystem functions and related services and goods, with consequences on human health and socio-economic activities. This study reports new data on paralytic shellfish toxins (PSTs) from Sardinia and Sicily (Italy), the largest Mediterranean islands where toxic events, mainly caused by Alexandrium species (Dinophyceae), have been ascertained in mussel farms since the 2000s. The toxicity of the A. minutum, A. tamarense and A. pacificum strains, established from the isolation of vegetative cells and resting cysts, was determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)...
November 16, 2017: Microorganisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143859/socioeconomic-risk-factors-for-hospital-admittance-due-to-a-suicide-attempt-in-belgium-a-population-based-study-using-administrative-data
#10
Marc Roelands, Johan Vanoverloop, Leila Maron, Johan Bilsen
PURPOSE: This population-based study aims to investigate socio-economic factors, depression and psychosis as independent risk factors for a suicide attempt that requires hospitalization, and estimate the incidence of suicide attempts. METHODS: Individual-level administrative data were analysed that were collected for all members of the Socialist Health Insurance Schemes in Belgium during the period 2011-2013 (N = 3,156,030) in the context of the financing of the health care services provided...
November 16, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142531/factors-associated-with-implementation-of-the-5a-s-smoking-cessation-model
#11
C Martínez, Y Castellano, A Andrés, M Fu, L Antón, M Ballbè, P Fernández, S Cabrera, A Riccobene, E Gavilan, A Feliu, A Baena, M Margalef, E Fernández
Background: Several health organizations have adopted the 5A's brief intervention model (Ask, Advise, Assess, Assist, Arrange), based on evidence-based guidelines for smoking cessation. We examine individual, cognitive, behavioral, and organizational factors associated with the 5A's performance among clinical healthcare workers in Catalonia. We also investigate how these factors interact and potentially predict the implementation of each component of the 5A's. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among clinical health workers enrolled in an online smoking cessation training course (n = 580)...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141769/turning-attention-to-clinician-engagement-in-victoria
#12
Christine Jorm, Robyn Hudson, Euan Wallace
The engagement of clinicians with employing organisations and with the broader health system results in better safer care for patients. Concerns about the adequacy of clinician engagement in the state of Victoria led the Victorian Department of Health and Human Services to commission a scoping study. During this investigation more than 100 clinicians were spoken with and 1800 responded to surveys. The result was creation of a clear picture of what engagement and disengagement looked like at all levels - from the clinical microsystem to state health policy making...
November 16, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140584/the-association-between-female-genital-fistula-symptoms-and-gender-based-violence-a-multi-country-secondary-analysis-of-household-survey-data
#13
Lindsay Mallick, Vandana Tripathi
OBJECTIVE: The Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS), which include standardized questions on female genital fistula symptoms, provide a unique opportunity to evaluate the epidemiology of fistula. This study sought to examine associations between self-reported fistula symptoms and experience of gender-based violence (GBV) among women interviewed in DHS surveys. METHODS: This study used data from thirteen DHS surveys with standardized fistula and domestic violence modules...
November 15, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138258/challenges-in-delivering-computed-tomography-coronary-angiography-as-the-first-line-test-for-stable-chest-pain
#14
John G Dreisbach, Edward D Nicol, Carl A Roobottom, Simon Padley, Giles Roditi
OBJECTIVE: The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) clinical guidelines 'chest pain of recent onset: assessment and diagnosis' (update 2016) state CT coronary angiography (CTCA) should be offered as the first-line investigation for patients with stable chest pain. However, the current provision in the UK is unknown. We aimed to evaluate this and estimate the requirements for full implementation of the guidelines including geographical variation. Ancillary aims included surveying the number of CTCA-capable scanners and accredited practitioners in the UK...
November 14, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137609/a-comparative-content-analysis-of-media-reporting-of-sports-betting-in-australia-lessons-for-public-health-media-advocacy-approaches
#15
Jennifer L David, Samantha L Thomas, Melanie Randle, Steven J Bowe, Mike Daube
BACKGROUND: Harmful gambling is a significant public health issue. There has been widespread discussion in the Australian media about the extent and impact of sports betting on the Australian community, particularly relating to young men and children. Given the role that the media plays in influencing policy change and political agendas, and the acknowledgement that media based advocacy is a fundamental component of successful advocacy campaigns, this research aimed to investigate how different stakeholder groups discuss sports betting within the Australian print media...
November 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135909/food-swamps-predict-obesity-rates-better-than-food-deserts-in-the-united-states
#16
Kristen Cooksey-Stowers, Marlene B Schwartz, Kelly D Brownell
This paper investigates the effect of food environments, characterized as food swamps, on adult obesity rates. Food swamps have been described as areas with a high-density of establishments selling high-calorie fast food and junk food, relative to healthier food options. This study examines multiple ways of categorizing food environments as food swamps and food deserts, including alternate versions of the Retail Food Environment Index. We merged food outlet, sociodemographic and obesity data from the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Food Environment Atlas, the American Community Survey, and a commercial street reference dataset...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135907/efavirenz-therapeutic-range-in-hiv-1-treatment-naive-participants
#17
Cindy J Bednasz, Charles S Venuto, Qing Ma, Eric S Daar, Paul E Sax, Margaret A Fischl, Ann C Collier, Kimberly Y Smith, Camlin Tierney, Yang Yang, Gregory E Wilding, Gene D Morse
BACKGROUND: Efavirenz is currently suggested as an alternative to recommended antiretroviral (ARV) regimens by the Department of Health and Human Services for the treatment of HIV-1 in ARV-naive patients. A mid-dosing interval therapeutic range between 1000 and 4000 ng/mL for efavirenz has been proposed in the literature, with patients more likely to experience virologic failure below this range and adverse effects above. The current study reports an analysis of virologic outcome between those above, below, or within the reported efavirenz therapeutic range (1000-4000 ng/mL) and within subgroups...
December 2017: Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135835/cardiovascular-disease-and-type-2-diabetes-risk-across-occupational-groups-and-industry-in-a-state-wide-study-of-an-australian-working-population
#18
Helen Louise Kelsall, Palamandadige Harsha Suranga Fernando, Stella May Gwini, Malcolm Ross Sim
OBJECTIVE: To investigate prevalence of type 2 diabetes (diabetes) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in occupational and industry groups in a large, diverse working population. METHODS: 500,000 Victorian workers undertook health checks including lifestyle, anthropometric and biomedical cardiovascular risk factor assessment. 5-year diabetes (AUSDRISK) and absolute CVD risk were estimated. RESULTS: High diabetes and CVD risk was increased in many occupational groups and industries relative to managers and Professional/Scientific/Technical Services respectively...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133338/social-work-s-scope-of-practice-in-the-provision-of-primary-mental-health-care-protocol-for-a-scoping-review
#19
Rachelle Ashcroft, Toula Kourgiantakis, Judith Belle Brown
INTRODUCTION: Social work is a key member of interprofessional primary healthcare teams and foundational to primary healthcare reforms that aim to improve the provision of mental healthcare. Little is known, however, about social work's scope of practice within primary healthcare settings, particularly in the provision of mental healthcare. The objective of this study is to identify and describe social work's scope of practice as it relates to mental healthcare in primary healthcare settings...
November 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133326/risks-for-comorbidity-in-children-with-atopic-disorders-an-observational-study-in-dutch-general-practices
#20
David H J Pols, Arthur M Bohnen, Mark M J Nielen, Joke C Korevaar, Patrick J E Bindels
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate both atopic and non-atopic comorbid symptoms and diseases in children with physician-diagnosed atopic disorders (atopic eczema, asthma and allergic rhinitis). METHODS: All children aged 0-18 years listed in a nationwide primary care database (the Netherlands Institute for Health Services Research-Primary Care Database) with routinely collected healthcare data in 2014 were selected. Children with atopic disorders were matched on age and gender with non-atopic controls within the same general practice...
November 12, 2017: BMJ Open
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