keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

cancer nutrition

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101619/-all-rounder-vitamin%C3%A2-d
#1
S Unholzer, A Rothmund, E Haen
BACKGROUND: Many indications are discussed for vitamin D substitution, such as osteoporosis, autoimmune diseases, cancer and psychiatric diseases. Also discussed is the fact that the majority of the German population suffer from a vitamin D deficiency. OBJECTIVE: Review of the study results for these individual diseases and a critical analysis of the currently established therapeutic reference range, which defines a vitamin D deficiency. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A literature search was carried out in the statements of the German Society for Nutrition, in scientific publications and journals...
January 18, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099252/the-role-of-pancreatic-enzyme-replacement-therapy-in-unresectable-pancreatic-cancer-a-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Tomotaka Saito, Kenji Hirano, Hiroyuki Isayama, Yousuke Nakai, Kei Saito, Gyotane Umefune, Dai Akiyama, Takeo Watanabe, Kaoru Takagi, Tsuyoshi Hamada, Naminatsu Takahara, Rie Uchino, Suguru Mizuno, Hirofumi Kogure, Saburo Matsubara, Natsuyo Yamamoto, Minoru Tada, Kazuhiko Koike
OBJECTIVES: Although patients with pancreatic cancer (PC) are prone to exocrine pancreatic insufficiency, there are few evidences about pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy (PERT) in patients with PC, especially those receiving chemotherapy. METHODS: This is a prospective consecutive observational study of PERT in patients with unresectable PC. We prospectively enrolled patients receiving chemotherapy for unresectable PC from April 2012 to February 2014 and prescribed oral pancrelipase of 48,000 lipase units per meal (pancrelipase group)...
January 18, 2017: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099006/constituents-of-the-rhizomes-of-boesenbergia-pandurata-and-their-antiausterity-activities-against-the-panc-1-human-pancreatic-cancer-line
#3
Nhan Trung Nguyen, Mai Thanh Thi Nguyen, Hai Xuan Nguyen, Phu Hoang Dang, Dya Fita Dibwe, Hiroyasu Esumi, Suresh Awale
Human pancreatic cancer cell lines have a remarkable tolerance to nutrition starvation, which enables them to survive under a tumor microenvironment. The search for agents that preferentially inhibit the survival of cancer cells under low nutrient conditions represents a novel antiausterity strategy in anticancer drug discovery. In this investigation, a methanol extract of the rhizomes of Boesenbergia pandurata showed potent preferential cytotoxicity against PANC-1 human pancreatic cancer cells under nutrient-deprived conditions, with a PC50 value of 6...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097473/metabolic-syndrome-and-total-cancer-mortality-in-the-third-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#4
Wambui G Gathirua-Mwangi, Patrick O Monahan, Mwangi J Murage, Jianjun Zhang
PURPOSE: Although metabolic syndrome incidence has substantially increased during the last few decades, it largely remains unclear whether this metabolic disorder is associated with total cancer mortality. The present study was carried out to investigate this important question. METHODS: A total of 687 cancer deaths were identified from 14,916 participants in the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey by linking them to the National Death Index database through December 31, 2006...
January 17, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095908/limiting-treatment-and-shortening-of-life-data-from-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-germany-on-frequencies-determinants-and-patients-involvement
#5
Birte Malena Dahmen, Jochen Vollmann, Stephan Nadolny, Jan Schildmann
BACKGROUND: Limiting treatment forms part of practice in many fields of medicine. There is a scarcity of robust data from Germany. Therefore, in this paper, we report results of a survey among German physicians with a focus on frequencies, aspects of decision making and determinants of limiting treatment with expected or intended shortening of life. METHODS: Postal survey among a random sample of physicians working in the area of five German state chambers of physicians using a modified version of the questionnaire of the EURELD Consortium...
January 17, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094538/the-obesity-paradox-in-colorectal-cancer-surgery-an-analysis-of-korean-healthcare-big-data-2012-2013
#6
Sanghun Lee
Although it is well known that obesity increases the risk of colorectal cancer, several studies have recently suggested that those who are overweight or class-one obese have better outcomes after surgery. However, the impact of obesity on the success of colorectal cancer surgery remains controversial. The medical records of patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer who were treated surgically from 2012 through 2013 were retrospectively analyzed. Data from a total of 36,740 patients were provided by the Healthcare Big Data Hub of the Korean Health Insurance Review & Assessment Service...
January 17, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093897/presence-of-early-stage-cancer-does-not-impair-the-early-protein-metabolic-response-to-major-surgery
#7
Mariëlle P K J Engelen, V Suzanne Klimberg, Arianna Allasia, Nicolaas Ep Deutz
BACKGROUND: Combined bilateral mastectomy and reconstruction is a common major surgical procedure in women with breast cancer and in those with a family history of breast cancer. As this large surgical procedure induces muscle protein loss, a preserved anabolic response to nutrition is warranted for optimal recovery. It is unclear whether the presence of early stage cancer negatively affects the protein metabolic response to major surgery as this would mandate perioperative nutritional support...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090619/the-evolving-approach-to-management-of-cancer-cachexia
#8
REVIEW
Rony Dev, Angelique Wong, David Hui, Eduardo Bruera
Weight loss is distressing to cancer patients and caregivers. Anorexia/cachexia syndrome is characterized by lipolysis and the loss of lean body mass, and is not reversible by increasing caloric intake. The pathophysiology of cancer cachexia is complex and includes symptoms that impact caloric intake, as well as chronic inflammation, hypermetabolism, and hormonal alterations. Cancer patients require routine screening for cachexia and, ideally, interventions should be initiated in the early stages of weight loss...
January 15, 2017: Oncology (Williston Park, NY)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089304/management-of-prostate-cancer-in-elderly-patients-recommendations-of-a-task-force-of-the-international-society-of-geriatric-oncology
#9
REVIEW
Jean-Pierre Droz, Gilles Albrand, Silke Gillessen, Simon Hughes, Nicolas Mottet, Stéphane Oudard, Heather Payne, Martine Puts, Gilbert Zulian, Lodovico Balducci, Matti Aapro
CONTEXT: Prostate cancer is the most frequent male cancer. Since the median age of diagnosis is 66 yr, many patients require both geriatric and urologic evaluation if treatment is to be tailored to individual circumstances including comorbidities and frailty. OBJECTIVE: To update the 2014 International Society of Geriatric Oncology (SIOG) guidelines on prostate cancer in men aged >70 yr. The update includes new material on health status evaluation and the treatment of localised, advanced, and castrate-resistant disease...
January 11, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087388/unravelling-the-role-of-fatty-acid-metabolism-in-cancer-through-the-foxo3-foxm1-axis
#10
Paula Saavedra-García, Katie Nichols, Zimam Mahmud, Lavender Yuen-Nam Fan, Eric W-F Lam
Obesity and cachexia represent divergent states of nutritional and metabolic imbalance but both are intimately linked to cancer. There is an extensive overlap in their signalling pathways and molecular components involved such as fatty acids (FAs), which likely play a crucial role in cancer. Forkhead box (FOX) proteins are responsible of a wide range of transcriptional programmes during normal development, and the FOXO3-FOXM1 axis is associated with cancer initiation, progression and drug resistance. Free fatty acids (FFAs), FA synthesis and β-oxidation are associated with cancer development and progression...
January 10, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086850/the-prevalence-trend-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-components-and-risk-factors-in-korean-adults-results-from-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2008-2013
#11
Binh Thang Tran, Bo Yoon Jeong, Jin-Kyoung Oh
BACKGROUND: Abnormalities in the clinical markers of metabolic syndrome (MS) are associated with the development of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and some cancers. MS prevalence in Korea increased between the mid-1990s and mid-2000s; however, no data on the recent trends of MS prevalence are available. Thus, we aimed to investigate the prevalence of MS, the five components of MS, and the related risk factors in Korean adults by using recent data. METHODS: Data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted between 2008 and 2013 were used...
January 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079430/multimodal-prehabilitation-improves-functional-capacity-before-and-after-colorectal-surgery-for-cancer-a-five-year-research-experience
#12
Enrico Maria Minnella, Guillaume Bousquet-Dion, Rashami Awasthi, Celena Scheede-Bergdahl, Francesco Carli
BACKGROUND: Multimodal prehabilitation is a preoperative conditioning intervention in form of exercise, nutritional assessment, whey protein supplementation, and anxiety-coping technique. Despite recent evidence suggesting that prehabilitation could improve functional capacity in patients undergoing colorectal surgery for cancer, all studies were characterized by a relatively small sample size. The aim of this study was to confirm what was previously found in three small population trials...
January 12, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077715/excitatory-hindbrain-forebrain-communication-is-required-for-cisplatin-induced-anorexia-and-weight-loss
#13
Amber L Alhadeff, Ruby A Holland, Huiyuan Zheng, Linda Rinaman, Harvey J Grill, Bart C De Jonghe
: Cisplatin chemotherapy is commonly used to treat cancer despite severe energy balance side effects. In rats, cisplatin activates nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) projections to the lateral parabrachial nucleus (lPBN) and calcitonin-gene related peptide (CGRP) projections from the lPBN to the central nucleus of the amygdala (CeA). We demonstrated previously that CeA glutamate receptor signaling mediates cisplatin-induced anorexia and body weight loss. Here, we used neuroanatomical tracing, immunofluorescence, and confocal imaging to demonstrate that virtually all NTS→lPBN and lPBN→CeA CGRP projections coexpress vesicular glutamate transporter 2 (VGLUT2), providing evidence that excitatory projections mediate cisplatin-induced energy balance dysregulation...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077318/alcohol-microbiome-life-style-influence-alcohol-and-non-alcoholic-organ-damage
#14
REVIEW
Manuela G Neuman, Samuel W French, Samir Zakhari, Stefen Malnick, Helmut K Seitz, Lawrence B Cohen, Mikko Salaspuro, Andreea Voinea Griffin, Andrei Barasch, Irina A Kirpich, Paul G Thomes, Laura W Schrum, Terrence M Donohue, Kusum Kharbanda, Marcus Cruz, Mihai Opris
This paper is based upon the "8th Charles Lieber's Satellite Symposium" organized by Manuela G. Neuman at the Research Society on Alcoholism Annual Meeting, onJune 25, 2016 at New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. The integrative symposium investigated different aspects of alcohol-induced liver disease (ALD) as well as non-alcohol-induced liver disease (NAFLD) and possible repair. We revealedthe basic aspects of alcohol metabolism that may be responsible for the development of liver diseaseas well as the factors that determine the amount, frequency and which type of alcohol misuse leads to liver and gastrointestinal diseases...
January 7, 2017: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077159/concurrent-chemoradiotherapy-combined-with-enteral-nutrition-support-a-radical-treatment-strategy-for-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-patients-with-malignant-fistulae
#15
Li Ma, Guang-Yu Luo, Yu-Feng Ren, Bo Qiu, Hong Yang, Chun-Xia Xie, Song-Ran Liu, Shi-Liang Liu, Zhao-Lin Chen, Qun Li, Jian-Hua Fu, Meng-Zhong Liu, Yong-Hong Hu, Wen-Feng Ye, Hui Liu
BACKGROUND: Concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) significantly increases the survival rate of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients with malignant fistulae. Recent clinical evidence has shown the benefits of enteral nutrition for malnourished cancer patients. In this study, we aimed to validate that, with the support of enteral nutrition, ESCC patients who develop malignant fistulae might be able to complete CCRT and achieve long-term survival. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 652 patients with ESCC who received definitive CCRT at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between January 2010 and December 2012...
January 11, 2017: Chinese Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075207/perceived-needs-for-different-components-in-a-rehabilitation-program-among-cancer-survivors-with-chronic-fatigue-compared-to-survivors-without-chronic-fatigue
#16
Gunhild M Gjerset, Jon H Loge, Cecilie E Kiserud, Sophie D Fosså, Sævar B Gudbergsson, Line M Oldervoll, Torbjørn Wisløff, Lene Thorsen
BACKGROUND: Knowledge about the user' needs is important to develop targeted rehabilitation for cancer patients with chronic fatigue (CF). The aims of the study were to examine prevalence of CF in cancer survivors attending an one-week inpatient educational program (IEP) and to identify characteristics of those with CF. Further to examine the perceived needs for different components in a rehabilitation program, need of complex rehabilitation (at least two components) and aspects of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among survivors with CF versus those without CF...
January 11, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075176/the-adapp-trial-a-two-year-longitudinal-multidisciplinary-intervention-study-for-prostate-cancer-frail-patients-on-androgen-deprivation-associated-to-curative-radiotherapy
#17
Julie Mareschal, Kerstin Weber, Pascale Rigoli, Edmund Biason, Laura Frambati, Carole Gotteland, Thomas Zilli, Claude Pichard, Raymond Miralbell
BACKGROUND: Androgen deprivation (AD) therapy combined to radiotherapy (RT) is a curative therapeutic option for patients with non-metastatic locally advanced or aggressive intermediate prostate cancer (PC), though with a range of nutritional, physical, and psychological side effects. A multidisciplinary care program was created to help frail patients to prevent and manage those side effects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a longitudinal interventional study in frail patients, presenting either cardiovascular/pulmonary comorbidities, old age (≥75 years), vulnerability ratings, or balance impairment...
January 11, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074724/-tasty-food-for-cancer-patients-the-impact-of-smell-and-taste-alterations-on-eating-behaviour
#18
E M Postma, Y C de Vries, S Boesveldt
- This article provides an overview of smell and taste changes in cancer patients and the influence of these changes on eating behaviour and food preferences.- Taste changes seem to be more common than alterations in the sense of smell.- The changes in taste and smell are often temporary; smell and taste functions mostly return to their previous level after treatment cessation.- The type of cancer and its treatment influence changes in the sense of smell and taste, making it challenging to give general advice...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072719/association-between-dietary-fat-intake-and-colorectal-adenoma-in-korean-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Jeehyun Kim, Seung-Won Oh, Young-Sun Kim, Hyuktae Kwon, Hee-Kyung Joh, Ji-Eun Lee, Danbee Park, Jae-Hong Park, Ah-Ryoung Ko, Ye-Ji Kim
The incidence of colorectal cancer is rapidly increasing in South Korea. It is important to clarify the association between colorectal cancer and diet, being one of the main modifiable risk factors, as such studies in the Korean population are lacking.A cross-sectional study was performed using data from participants who had undergone a screening colonoscopy and a nutritional assessment during a routine health check-up from January 2008 to December 2011. Dietary intake data were derived from 1-day food records; colorectal adenoma was histopathologically confirmed by biopsy during colonoscopy...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072447/randomized-clinical-trial-comparing-standard-diet-with-perioperative-oral-immunonutrition-in-total-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer
#20
S Ida, N Hiki, H Cho, K Sakamaki, S Ito, K Fujitani, N Takiguchi, Y Kawashima, K Nishikawa, M Sasako, T Aoyama, M Honda, T Sato, S Nunobe, T Yoshikawa
BACKGROUND: Total gastrectomy for gastric cancer is associated with excessive weight loss and decreased calorie intake. Nutritional support using eicosapentaenoic acid modulates immune function and limits catabolism in patients with advanced cancer, but its impact in the perioperative period is unclear. METHODS: This was a randomized phase III clinical trial of addition of eicosapentaenoic acid-rich nutrition to a standard diet in patients having total gastrectomy for gastric cancer...
January 10, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
keyword
keyword
104876
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"