Read by QxMD icon Read

cancer nutrition

Ali Duyu, Elvan Çağlar Çıtak, Erdem Ak, Serhan Kupeli, Begül Yağcı Küpeli, İbrahim Bayram, Gülay Sezgin, Gülçin Eskendari, Kerem Sezer
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we evaluated the frequency of euthyroid sick syndrome (ESS) among patients with childhood cancer and its association with the stage of disease, nutritional parameters and cytokines levels. METHODS: Eighty newly diagnosed children were included into study. ESS was diagnosed in two different ways:Criteria 1; fT3 was below the lower limit, fT4 was within the normal or low limits, TSH was in normal range and in criteria 2 all the levels were same as criteria 1 but moreover rT3 was performed and was higher than normal limits...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
John Spiliotis, Nikolaos Kopanakis, Anastasia Prodromidou, Alexis Terras, Anastasia Polichronaki, Christina Koutikova, Anna Gogou, Christina Sidera, Elias Efstathiou
PURPOSE: Home parenteral nutrition (HPN) has been proposed as the treatment of choice in patients suffering from intestinal failure (IF) and has been claimed to improve survival and quality of life either in patients with benign disorders or even in those with malignancies. The purpose of the present analysis was to report characteristics and outcomes of adult patients with IF receiving HPN in Greece. METHODS: Patients that received HPN between 2011 and 2017 were included in this retrospective analysis...
January 2018: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
Yunlei Wang, Jianwei Zheng, Zhigang Gao, Xiaofeng Han, Fanrong Qiu
PURPOSE: To investigate the malnutrition, the incidence of nutritional risk and the application of nutritional support for patients with colorectal cancer, so as to provide a basis for the rational clinical application of nutritional support. METHODS: A total of 264 surgical patients with colorectal cancer treated/followed up from January 2016 to March 2017 in Beijing Chaoyang Hospital were selected. The nutritional risk was assessed using the Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS2002), and the nutritional risk and application of nutritional support for patients with different gender, age and clinical disease stage were analyzed; the hospitalization duration and postoperative complications were also analyzed and compared...
January 2018: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
Charalampos Seretis, Panagiota Kaisari, Kasun Wanigasooriya, Umar Shariff, Haney Youssef
PURPOSE: Malnutrition results in a significant increase in postoperative morbidity and mortality after abdominal surgery. Apart from the anthropometric assessments, malnutrition can be also assessed using laboratory scores, with the most widely used being Onodera's Prognostic Nutritional Index (PNI). The purpose of our study was to assess if the presence of malnutrition as calculated by the Onodera's PNI was associated with higher postoperative morbidity after elective colorectal cancer resection...
January 2018: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
In Yae Cheong, So Yeon An, Won Chul Cha, Mi Yong Rha, Seung Tae Kim, Dong Kyung Chang, Ji Hye Hwang
BACKGROUND: The use of a mobile health care application, the delivery of health care or health care-related services through the use of portable devices, to manage functional loss, treatment-related toxicities, and impaired quality of life in cancer patients during chemotherapy through supervised self-management has been increasing. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy and feasibility of comprehensive mobile health care using a tailored rehabilitation program for colorectal cancer patients undergoing active chemotherapy...
February 17, 2018: Clinical Colorectal Cancer
Jenny G Turcott, María Del Rocío Guillen Núñez, Diana Flores-Estrada, Luis F Oñate-Ocaña, Zyanya Lucia Zatarain-Barrón, Feliciano Barrón, Oscar Arrieta
BACKGROUND: Over one half of the patients diagnosed with advanced lung cancer experience anorexia. In addition to its high incidence, cancer-induced anorexia promotes the development of the anorexia-cachexia syndrome, which is related to poor clinical outcomes. Recently, drugs derived from cannabinoids, such as Nabilone, have been recognized for their appetite improvement properties; however, clinical trials to support their use in cancer patients are necessary. METHODS: This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial to assess the effect of Nabilone vs...
March 17, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Justin C Brown, Michael O Harhay, Meera N Harhay
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the prevalence of self-reported major mobility disability (SR-MMD) and its association with mortality in a nationally-representative sample of cancer survivors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included patients with a history of cancer who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 19992010. SR-MMD was defined as self-reported difficulty or inability to walk a quarter of a mile. Vital status through December 15, 2011 was ascertained from the United States National Center for Health Statistics...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
Matthew Katz, Daniel A Wollin, Nicholas M Donin, William Meeks, Scott Gulig, Lee C Zhao, James S Wysock, Samir S Taneja, William C Huang, Marc A Bjurlin
INTRODUCTION: Nutritional status has been increasingly recognized as an important predictor of prognosis and surgical outcomes for cancer patients. We evaluated the effect of preoperative malnutrition on the development of surgical complications and mortality after radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) for upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using data from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program, we evaluated the association of poor nutritional status with 30-day postoperative complications and overall mortality after RNU from 2005 to 2015...
February 23, 2018: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
Stefano Uccella, Maria Cristina Mele, Lorena Quagliozzi, Emanuele Rinninella, Camilla Nero, Serena Cappuccio, Marco Cintoni, Antonio Gasbarrini, Giovanni Scambia, Anna Fagotti
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether patients' altered body composition (measured with bioimpedentiometry), due to a poor nutritional status, predicts the incidence of no residual disease at primary debulking and the risk of complications in patients with newly-diagnosed advanced epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). METHODS: Data regarding patients with newly-diagnosed stage IIIC-IV EOC undergoing elective nutritional assessment between December 2016 and March 2017, were prospectively collected...
March 14, 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
Sherly X Li, Fumiaki Imamura, Matthias B Schulze, Jusheng Zheng, Zheng Ye, Antonio Agudo, Eva Ardanaz, Dagfinn Aune, Heiner Boeing, Miren Dorronsoro, Courtney Dow, Guy Fagherazzi, Sara Grioni, Marc J Gunter, José María Huerta, Daniel B Ibsen, Marianne Uhre Jakobsen, Rudolf Kaaks, Timothy J Key, Kay-Tee Khaw, Cecilie Kyrø, Francesca Romana Mancini, Elena Molina-Portillo, Neil Murphy, Peter M Nilsson, N Charlotte Onland-Moret, Domenico Palli, Salvatore Panico, Alaitz Poveda, J Ramón Quirós, Fulvio Ricceri, Ivonne Sluijs, Annemieke M W Spijkerman, Anne Tjonneland, Rosario Tumino, Anna Winkvist, Claudia Langenberg, Stephen J Sharp, Elio Riboli, Robert A Scott, Nita G Forouhi, Nicholas J Wareham
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Gene-macronutrient interactions may contribute to the development of type 2 diabetes but research evidence to date is inconclusive. We aimed to increase our understanding of the aetiology of type 2 diabetes by investigating potential interactions between genes and macronutrient intake and their association with the incidence of type 2 diabetes. METHODS: We investigated the influence of interactions between genetic risk scores (GRSs) for type 2 diabetes, insulin resistance and BMI and macronutrient intake on the development of type 2 diabetes in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)-InterAct, a prospective case-cohort study across eight European countries (N = 21,900 with 9742 incident type 2 diabetes cases)...
March 17, 2018: Diabetologia
Babita Saigal, Laura Guerra
BACKGROUND: A common class-specific toxicity of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors is stomatitis. Some patients experience a severe form of mTOR inhibitor-associated stomatitis (mIAS) that can have a negative effect on nutritional status, compromise quality of life, and potentially lead to nonadherence, reducing the efficacy of cancer therapy. OBJECTIVES: This article aims to address an unmet need for education about mIAS among oncology nurses and patients and to share findings about everolimus-related stomatitis from the SWISH trial...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
Karen E Assmann, Moufidath Adjibade, Nitin Shivappa, James R Hébert, Michael D Wirth, Mathilde Touvier, Tasnime Akbaraly, Serge Hercberg, Pilar Galan, Chantal Julia, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot
Background: While low-grade chronic inflammation has been suggested as a major modulator of healthy aging (HA), no study has yet investigated the link between the inflammatory potential of the diet and multidimensional concepts of HA. Objective: We aimed to evaluate the association between the inflammatory potential of the diet at midlife, as measured by the Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII), and HA assessed 13 y later. Methods: We analyzed data from 2796 participants in the French Supplémentation en Vitamines et Minéraux Antioxydants (SU...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
Suhong Xiao, Ying-Sheng Tang, Praveen Kusumanchi, Sally P Stabler, Ying Zhang, Asok C Antony
Background: Epidemiologic and in vitro studies suggest independent linkages between poor folate and/or vitamin B-12 nutrition, genomic human papillomavirus (HPV) type 16 viral integration, and cancer. However, there is no direct evidence in vivo to support the causative role of poor folate nutrition in HPV16 integration into the cellular genome. Objective: We tested the hypothesis that folate deficiency enables the integration of HPV16 into the genome of HPV16-harboring keratinocytes, and could thereby influence earlier transformation of these cells to cancer in an animal model...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
Bente T Jensen, Susanne V Lauridsen, Jørgen B Jensen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Whether prehabilitation in radical cystectomy adds to the effort of reducing postoperative morbidity and impairments in the survivorship phase has until recently received limited attention. This narrative review aims to summarize the current evidence base on prehabilitaion interventions focusing on the efficacy of procedure-specific interventions and the influence on postoperative outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS: Given the oncological risk, there is a relative short window to intervene and proactively optimize the patient before radical cystectomy...
March 13, 2018: Current Opinion in Urology
Merel R van Veen, Renate M Winkels, Silvie H M Janssen, Ellen Kampman, Sandra Beijer
We investigated whether obtaining nutritional information influences reported changes in dietary behavior in cancer survivors and their relatives and whether nutritional information needs influence this association. We included 239 cancer survivors and their relatives, recruited from an online panel of cancer survivors and relatives. This panel completed a survey about their experiences with nutritional information provision by healthcare professionals and the media in the period after diagnosis, their information needs regarding nutrition and cancer, and whether they changed their dietary behavior since diagnosis...
March 14, 2018: Nutrition and Cancer
Hannah Padda, Amy Niedbalski, Erin Tate, Sharon L Deem
Zoological institutions play an important role in promoting the goals of the One Health movement. We launched the Institute for Conservation Medicine (ICM) at the Saint Louis Zoo in 2011 to advance the goals of One Health. In 2016, we distributed a survey to Zoo members to evaluate member awareness and understanding of One Health and to provide direction for future communication and actions from the ICM. We hypothesized that Zoo members would be aware of One Health and care about infectious disease issues. Survey results showed Zoo members primarily cared about chronic, non-infectious diseases and their associated economic costs, with participants ranking their top three health issues of concern for humans as nutrition/obesity/diet (49%), costs of health care (48%), and cancer (37%)...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
Darren R Feldman, Shirin Ardeshir-Rouhani-Fard, Patrick Monahan, Howard D Sesso, Chunkit Fung, Annalynn M Williams, Robert J Hamilton, David J Vaughn, Clair J Beard, Ryan Cook, Mohammad Abu Zaid, Steven E Lipshultz, Lawrence H Einhorn, Kevin C Oeffinger, Lois B Travis, Sophie D Fossa
BACKGROUND: Testicular cancer survivors (TCSs) are at increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) after cisplatin-based chemotherapy (CBCT). Identifying at-risk survivors would allow early intervention, but risk prediction tools such as the Framingham Risk Score (FRS) have not been applied to TCSs given modern chemotherapy. METHODS: TCSs > 1 year post-CBCT were evaluated. Associations between FRS and clinical, socioeconomic, and lifestyle measures and treatment regimen (4 cycles, etoposide and cisplatin [EP × 4]); 3 or 4 cycles, bleomycin plus EP (BEP × 3, BEP × 4) were analyzed with general linear multivariable models...
February 5, 2018: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
Noriyuki Hirahara, Yoshitsugu Tajima, Yusuke Fujii, Shunsuke Kaji, Tetsu Yamamoto, Ryoji Hyakudomi, Takahito Taniura, Yasunari Kawabata
BACKGROUND: An ideal tumor marker should be capable of being detected at any stage of the disease. However, gastric cancer patients do not always have elevated serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) levels, even in advanced cases. Recently, several studies have investigated the associations between preoperative PNI and postoperative long-term outcomes. In this study, we focused on the significance of the prognostic nutritional index (PNI) as a potential predictor of survival in resectable gastric cancer patients with normal preoperative serum CEA levels...
March 13, 2018: BMC Cancer
Gwendolyn N Y van Gorkom, Roel G J Klein Wolterink, Catharina H M J Van Elssen, Lotte Wieten, Wilfred T V Germeraad, Gerard M J Bos
Vitamin C or ascorbic acid (AA) is implicated in many biological processes and has been proposed as a supplement for various conditions, including cancer. In this review, we discuss the effects of AA on the development and function of lymphocytes. This is important in the light of cancer treatment, as the immune system needs to regenerate following chemotherapy or stem cell transplantation, while cancer patients are often AA-deficient. We focus on lymphocytes, as these white blood cells are the slowest to restore, rendering patients susceptible to often lethal infections...
March 10, 2018: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
(no author information available yet)
Trace elements are dietary elements which are needed in very minute quantities for the proper growth, development, and physiology of the organism, which play a crucial part in energy metabolism and material transformation. It's generally agreed that trace elements are essential components of parenteral nutrition. These societies for parenteral and enteral nutrition in Europe, the United States and Australia proposed that various trace elements should be provided daily from commencement for all patients receiving parenteral nutrition and published some guidelines on adult trace elements recommendations for parenteral nutrition...
March 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"