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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732218/invasiveness-of-tibial-bone-graft-harvesting-for-secondary-alveolar-bone-grafting-can-harvesting-be-made-at-the-age-of-less-than-10%C3%A2-years-without-complications
#1
Kohta Fukuta, Kenichi Kurita, Atsushi Nakayama, Masahito Maeda, Hiroshi Watanabe, Mitsuo Goto
PURPOSE: In this study, particulate cancellous bone marrow was harvested from the tibia for alveolar bone grafting, and postoperative complications at the donor site were compared between patients aged 10 years or older (29 tibias) and those aged younger than 10 years (42 tibias). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Enrolled patients were those who underwent tibial bone graft harvesting at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Aichi Gakuin University, during a period of 3 years and 1 month from March 2012 through March 2015...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732037/integrating-cervical-cancer-with-hiv-healthcare-services-a-systematic-review
#2
Louise Sigfrid, Georgina Murphy, Victoria Haldane, Fiona Leh Hoon Chuah, Suan Ee Ong, Francisco Cervero-Liceras, Nicola Watt, Alconada Alvaro, Laura Otero-Garcia, Dina Balabanova, Sue Hogarth, Will Maimaris, Kent Buse, Martin Mckee, Peter Piot, Pablo Perel, Helena Legido-Quigley
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is a major public health problem. Even though readily preventable, it is the fourth leading cause of death in women globally. Women living with HIV are at increased risk of invasive cervical cancer, highlighting the need for access to screening and treatment for this population. Integration of services has been proposed as an effective way of improving access to cervical cancer screening especially in areas of high HIV prevalence as well as lower resourced settings...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731907/oral-nucleos-t-ide-analogs-alone-after-liver-transplantation-in-chronic-hepatitis-b-with-preexisting-rt204-mutation
#3
James Fung, Tiffany Wong, Kenneth Chok, Albert Chan, Sui-Ling Sin, Tan-To Cheung, Wing-Chiu Dai, Kelvin Ng, Kevin Ng, Kwan Man, Wai-Kay Seto, Ching-Lung Lai, Man-Fung Yuen, Chung-Mau Lo
BACKGROUND: There is currently limited data regarding the use of oral antiviral therapy alone without HBIG for CHB patients with preexisting LAM-resistance (LAM-R) undergoing liver transplantation. METHODS: This is a cohort study determining the effectiveness and long-term outcome in this group of patients. RESULTS: Fifty-seven consecutive CHB patients with preexisting rt204 LAM-R mutations or virological load refractory to LAM undergoing liver transplantation were included, with a median follow-up of 73 months...
July 21, 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731779/arthroscopic-labral-base-repair-in-the-hip-5-year-minimum-clinical-outcomes
#4
Benjamin G Domb, Leslie C Yuen, Victor Ortiz-Declet, Jody Litrenta, Itay Perets, Austin W Chen
BACKGROUND: Arthroscopic labral base repair (LBR) in the hip is a previously described technique designed to restore the native functional anatomy of the labrum by reproducing its seal against the femoral head. LBR has been shown to have good short-term outcomes. Hypothesis/Purpose: The purpose was to evaluate clinical outcomes of an LBR cohort with a minimum 5-year follow-up. It was hypothesized that patients who underwent LBR would continue to have significant improvement from their preoperative scores and maintain scores similar to their 2-year outcomes...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731058/multicenter-study-of-pars-plana-vitrectomy-for-optic-disc-pit-maculopathy-macpit-study
#5
R Avci, Z Kapran, Ş Ozdek, M Y Teke, O Oz, D Guven, S Yilmaz, B Kaderli, A H Durukan, G Sobaci, Y B Unver, L Akduman, S Kaynak, I Dogan, U U Inan
PurposeTo evaluate surgical intervention with pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) for correction of optic disc pit maculopathy (ODP-M).Patients and methodsRetrospective chart review from 13 centres of 51 eyes of 50 patients with ODP-M who underwent PPV between 2002-2014. Anatomic and final best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) outcomes were evaluated for all cases with different adjuvant techniques.ResultsThere were 23 males and 27 females with median age 25.5 (6-68) years. Preoperative median foveal thickness was 694...
July 21, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730986/long-term-use-of-left-ventricular-assist-devices-a-report-on-clinical-outcomes
#6
Sneha Raju, Jane MacIver, Farid Foroutan, Carolina Alba, Filio Billia, Vivek Rao
BACKGROUND: The literature examining clinical outcomes and readmissions during extended (> 1 yr) left ventricular assist device (LVAD) support is scarce, particularly in the era of continuous-flow LVADs. METHODS: We completed a retrospective cohort study on consecutive LVAD patients from June 2006 to March 2015, focusing on those who received more than 1 year of total LVAD support time. Demographic characteristics, clinical outcomes and readmissions were analyzed using standard statistical methods...
August 2017: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730861/comparative-outcomes-in-children-and-adults-with-anti-n-methyl-d-aspartate-anti-nmda-receptor-encephalitis
#7
Eliza Gordon-Lipkin, Anusha K Yeshokumar, Deanna Saylor, Ana Arenivas, John C Probasco
This study compared neurologic disability and adaptive function in children and adults >1 year following anti- N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (anti-NMDAR) encephalitis diagnosis. Retrospective record review identified 12 patients with anti-NMDAR encephalitis. At last follow-up, all surviving patients had "good" modified Rankin Score (0-2). Four children, 6 adults, and their families participated in a telephone interview. Median duration since diagnosis was similar for children (2.42 years, interquartile range 2...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730841/effectiveness-of-a-worksite-intervention-for-male-construction-workers-on-dietary-and-physical-activity-behaviors-body-mass-index-and-health-outcomes-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Laura Viester, Evert A L M Verhagen, Paulien M Bongers, Allard J van der Beek
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of an individually tailored intervention for improvement in lifestyle behavior, health indicators, and prevention and reduction of overweight among construction workers. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Various blue-collar departments of a large construction company in the Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: Blue-collar workers randomized to an intervention (n = 162) or a control group (n = 152)...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730619/real-world-adherence-and-persistence-with-direct-oral-anticoagulants-in-adults-with-atrial-fibrillation
#9
Beenish S Manzoor, Todd A Lee, Lisa K Sharp, Surrey M Walton, William L Galanter, Edith A Nutescu
BACKGROUND: Evidence of adherence and persistence patterns in anticoagulation (AC) therapy comparing treatment-naïve and non-naïve patients is lacking. The objective of this study was to evaluate patterns of medication adherence and persistence in a real-world setting among AC-naïve and AC-experienced atrial fibrillation (AF) patients treated with direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs). METHODS: AF patients newly initiating a DOAC with a minimum of 6 months of continuous health plan enrollment pre and post-index date (first DOAC prescription) were identified from the Truven Health MarketScan(®) Commercial and Medicare Supplemental databases (2009-2013)...
July 21, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730401/hypertensive-phase-and-its-association-with-surgical-outcomes-in-baerveldt-implantation
#10
Sunee Chansangpetch, Supawan Surukrattanaskul, Paneeya Tapaneeyangkul, Visanee Tantisevi
PURPOSE: To evaluate the rate of the hypertensive phase (HP) post-Baerveldt implantation and association between HP and surgical outcomes. METHODS: This is a retrospective observational study of glaucoma patients who had Baerveldt implantation in 2004 and completed 18 months of follow-up. At 18 months of follow-up, medical records for HP and its associated factors, and surgical outcomes such as rate of failures, intraocular pressure (IOP), numbers of medications administered, and complications were reviewed and identified...
July 20, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730396/prevention-of-anxiety-and-depression-in-swedish-school-children-a-cluster-randomized-effectiveness-study
#11
Johan Ahlen, Timo Hursti, Lindsey Tanner, Zelal Tokay, Ata Ghaderi
Our study aimed at evaluating FRIENDS for Life, an intervention to prevent anxiety and depression in Swedish school children. A total of 695 children between the ages of 8 and 11 were recruited from 17 schools in Stockholm, Sweden, and cluster-randomized to either the intervention or control group. Teachers in the intervention group received a full day of training and administered FRIENDS for Life in their classrooms. We assessed the children's anxiety and depressive symptoms, general mental health, and academic performance at pre- and post-intervention as well as at the 12-month follow-up...
July 20, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730170/predictions-and-outcomes-of-atrial-fibrillation-in-the-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction
#12
Mihailo Vukmirović, Aneta Bošković, Irena Tomašević Vukmirović, Radoje Vujadinovic, Nikola Fatić, Zoran Bukumirić, Filip Vukmirović
The large epidemiological studies demonstrated that atrial fibrillation is correlated with high mortality and adverse events in patients with acute myocardial infarction. The aim of this study was to determinate predictors of atrial fibrillation develop during the hospital period in patients with acute myocardial infarction as well as short- and long-term mortality depending on the atrial fibrillation presentation. The 600 patients with an acute myocardial infarction were included in the study and follow-up 84 months...
2017: Open Medicine (Warsaw, Poland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730085/ocular-surface-evaluation-in-eyes-with-chronic-glaucoma-on-long-term-topical-antiglaucoma-therapy
#13
Manu Saini, Murugesan Vanathi, Tanuj Dada, Tushar Agarwal, Rebika Dhiman, Sudarshan Khokhar
AIM: To evaluate ocular surface changes and its correlation with the central corneal subbasal nerve fibre layer in chronic glaucoma patients. METHODS: A prospective comparative study of ocular surface evaluation was performed in 50 eyes of 25 patients using two or more antiglaucoma medications for at least 6mo and 50 eyes of 25 normal subjects without any ocular problems as controls. The study parameters evaluated included visual acuity, intraocular pressure, ocular surface evaluation parameters [fluorescein break-up time (FTBUT), Schirmer's I test, ocular surface staining scores and ocular surface disease index score (OSDI)], central corneal sensation (Cochet Bonnett aesthesiometer), central subbasal nerve fiber layer density (SBNFLD) by confocal microscopy...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730083/viscocanalostomy-combined-with-trabeculotomy-and-mitomycin-c-in-the-treatment-of-primary-congenital-glaucoma
#14
Chao-Xu Qian, Yuan Zong, Qin Chen, Zhi-Lan Yuan
AIM: To evaluate the long-term outcome of viscocanalostomy combined with trabeculotomy and mitomycin C in the treatment of primary congenital glaucoma. METHODS: This is a retrospective study. Forty-two eyes of 26 patients with primary congenital glaucoma were enrolled. Intraocular pressure (IOP), corneal diameter (mm) and cup/disc (C/D) were measured before and after the surgery respectively. Follow-up period was 30mo. RESULTS: The mean preoperative IOP was 30...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729407/long-term-stroke-risk-prediction-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-comparison-of-the-abc-stroke-and-cha2ds2-vasc-scores
#15
José Miguel Rivera-Caravaca, Vanessa Roldán, María Asunción Esteve-Pastor, Mariano Valdés, Vicente Vicente, Gregory Y H Lip, Francisco Marín
BACKGROUND: The ABC-stroke score (age, biomarkers [N-terminal fragment B-type natriuretic peptide, high-sensitivity troponin], and clinical history [prior stroke/transient ischemic attack]) was proposed to predict stroke in atrial fibrillation (AF). This score was derived/validated in 2 clinical trial cohorts in which patients with AF were highly selected and carefully followed-up. However, the median follow-up was 1.9 years in the trial cohort; therefore, its long-term predictive performance remains uncertain...
July 20, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729370/anterior-segment-optical-coherence-tomography-angle-and-vault-analysis-after-toric-and-non-toric-implantable-collamer-lens-v4c-implantation-in-patients-with-high-myopia
#16
Guillermo Garcia-De la Rosa, Andrew Olivo-Payne, Juan Carlos Serna-Ojeda, Maria Sandra Salazar-Ramos, Alejandro Lichtinger, Arturo Gomez-Bastar, Arturo Ramirez-Miranda, Alejandro Navas, Enrique O Graue-Hernandez
OBJECTIVE: To assess anterior segment changes, including iridocorneal angle and vault, after toric and non-toric implantable collamer lens (ICL) V4c (STAAR Surgical AG) implantation under different lighting conditions. METHODS: Longitudinal, prospective, case series. Patients with high myopia (>6 dioptres) underwent toric and non-toric ICL V4c implantation. Optical coherence tomography measurements were taken under different lighting conditions preoperatively and at 1 week and 1, 6 and 12 months of follow-up...
July 20, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729315/sequence-analysis-to-assess-labour-market-participation-following-vocational-rehabilitation-an-observational-study-among-patients-sick-listed-with-low-back-pain-from-a-randomised-clinical-trial-in-denmark
#17
Louise Lindholdt, Merete Labriola, Claus Vinther Nielsen, Trine Allerslev Horsbøl, Thomas Lund
INTRODUCTION: The return-to-work (RTW) process after long-term sickness absence is often complex and long and implies multiple shifts between different labour market states for the absentee. Standard methods for examining RTW research typically rely on the analysis of one outcome measure at a time, which will not capture the many possible states and transitions the absentee can go through. The purpose of this study was to explore the potential added value of sequence analysis in supplement to standard regression analysis of a multidisciplinary RTW intervention among patients with low back pain (LBP)...
July 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729311/a-review-of-rate-control-in-atrial-fibrillation-and-the-rationale-and-protocol-for-the-rate-af-trial
#18
Dipak Kotecha, Melanie Calvert, Jonathan J Deeks, Michael Griffith, Paulus Kirchhof, Gregory Yh Lip, Samir Mehta, Gemma Slinn, Mary Stanbury, Richard P Steeds, Jonathan N Townend
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is common and causes impaired quality of life, an increased risk of stroke and death as well as frequent hospital admissions. The majority of patients with AF require control of heart rate. In this article , we summarise the limited evidence from clinical trials that guides prescription, and present the rationale and protocol for a new randomised trial. As rate control has not yet been shown to reduce mortality, there is a clear need to compare the impact of therapy on quality of life, cardiac function and exercise capacity...
July 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728990/long-term-testosterone-therapy-improves-urinary-and-sexual-function-and-quality-of-life-in-men-with-hypogonadism-results-from-a-propensity-matched-subgroup-of-a-controlled-registry-study
#19
Karim Sultan Haider, Ahmad Haider, Gheorghe Doros, Abdulmaged Traish
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of long-term testosterone (T) therapy (TTh) on urinary and sexual functions and quality of life (QoL) in hypogonadal men. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Observational, prospective, cumulative registry study in 656 men (age: 60.7 ± 7.2 years) with total T levels ≤12.1 nmol/L and symptoms of hypogonadism. In the T-treated group, men (n = 360) received parenteral T undecanoate (TU) 1000 mg/12 weeks for up to 10 years. Men who opted against TTh (n= 296) served as controls...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728962/oncologic-safety-of-nipple-sparing-mastectomy-in-women-with-breast-cancer
#20
Barbara L Smith, Rong Tang, Upahvan Rai, Jennifer K Plichta, Amy S Colwell, Michele A Gadd, Michelle C Specht, William G Austen, Suzanne B Coopey
BACKGROUND: Nipple sparing mastectomy (NSM) has gained popularity for breast cancer treatment and prevention. There is limited data about long-term oncologic safety of this procedure. STUDY DESIGN: Review of oncologic outcomes of consecutive therapeutic NSM at a single institution. Nipple sparing mastectomy was offered to patients with no radiologic or clinical evidence of nipple involvement. RESULTS: 2182 NSM were performed from 2007-2016...
July 5, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
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