keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

venous thromboembolism prophylaxis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231636/personalized-thromboprophylaxis-using-a-risk-score-for-the-management-of-pregnancies-with-high-risk-of-thrombosis-a-prospective-clinical-study
#1
Y Dargaud, L Rugeri, C Fleury, C Battie, P Gaucherand, C Huissoud, R C Rudigoz, H Desmurs-Clavel, J Ninet, M C Trzeciak
BACKGROUND: Patients with thrombophilia and/or a history of venous thromboembolism (VTE) are at risk of thrombosis during pregnancy. A risk score for pregnancies with increased risk of VTE was previously described by our group (Lyon-VTE-score). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this prospective study was to assess the efficacy and safety of our score-based prophylaxis strategy in 542 pregnancies managed between 2005 and 2015 in Lyon University Hospitals. PATIENTS/METHODS: Of 445 patients included in the study, 36 had several pregnancies during the study period...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229295/benchmarking-of-venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-practice-with-ent-uk-guidelines
#2
Ali S Al-Qahtani
The aim of this study was to benchmark our guidelines of prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in ENT surgical population against ENT.UK guidelines, and also to encourage healthcare providers to utilize benchmarking as an effective method of improving performance. The study design is prospective descriptive analysis. The setting of this study is tertiary referral centre (Assir Central Hospital, Abha, Saudi Arabia). In this study, we are benchmarking our practice guidelines of the prevention of VTE in the ENT surgical population against that of ENT...
February 22, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228199/the-efficacy-of-dextran-40-as-a-venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-strategy-in-cytoreductive-surgery-and-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy
#3
Jason M Foster, Richard Sleightholm, Duncan Watley, Steven Wahlmeier, Asish Patel
The incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in peritoneal malignancies can approach 30 to 50 per cent without prophylaxis. Prophylaxis in cytoreductive surgeries (CRS) presents a challenge to preoperative heparin-based therapy because of an increased risk of coagulopathy and potential for bleeding. Herein, we report the large series of CRS and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy receiving dextran-40 prophylaxis. Retrospective chart review of peritoneal malignancies patients undergoing CRS at University of Nebraska Medical Center identified 69 individuals who received dextran-40 between 2010 and 2013...
February 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228055/increased-enoxaparin-dosing-for-venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-in-general-trauma-patients
#4
Cheri K Walker, Elizabeth A Sandmann, Taylor J Horyna, Mark A Gales
OBJECTIVE: To review the evidence regarding increased enoxaparin dosing for venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis in the general trauma patient population. DATA SOURCES: A search of MEDLINE databases (1946 to October 2016) was conducted using the search terms enoxaparin, thromboembolism prophylaxis, venous thromboembolism, trauma, anti-factor Xa, and weight-based dosing. Additional references were identified from a review of literature citations. STUDY SELECTION AND DATA EXTRACTION: Search results were limited to English-language studies conducted in humans...
April 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204995/dalteparin-or-vitamin-k-antagonists-to-prevent-recurrent-venous-thromboembolism-in-cancer-patients-a-patient-level-economic-analysis-for-france-and-austria
#5
George Dranitsaris, Lesley G Shane, Jean-Philippe Galanaud, Gunar Stemer, Philippe Debourdeau, Seth Woodruff
BACKGROUND: International guidelines recommend extended duration secondary prophylaxis in cancer patients who develop primary venous thromboembolism (VTE). Agent selection is guided in part by one large randomized trial (i.e., CLOT; Lee et al., N Engl J Med 349:146-53, 2003) which demonstrated that dalteparin reduced the relative risk of recurrence by 52% compared with oral vitamin K antagonists (VKA; HR = 0.48, 95% CI, 0.30 to 0.77). In a subgroup analysis from that same trial, patients with renal impairment also derived benefit with dalteparin (VTE rates = 3% vs...
February 15, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203409/practice-patterns-in-venous-thromboembolism-vte-prophylaxis-in-thoracic-surgery-a-comprehensive-canadian-delphi-survey
#6
John Agzarian, Lori-Ann Linkins, Laura Schneider, Waël C Hanna, Christian J Finley, Colin Schieman, Marc De Perrot, Mark Crowther, James Douketis, Yaron Shargall
BACKGROUND: The incidence of venous thromboembolic events (VTE) after resection of thoracic malignancies can reach 15%, but prophylaxis guidelines are yet to be established. We aimed to survey Canadian practitioners regarding perioperative risk factors for VTE, impact of those factors on extended prophylaxis selection, type of preferred prophylaxis, and timing of initiation and duration of thromboprophylaxis. METHODS: A modified Delphi survey was undertaken over three rounds with thoracic surgeons, thoracic anesthesiologists and thrombosis experts across Canada...
January 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203384/venous-haemodynamics-of-jet-impulse-technology-within-a-lower-limb-fibreglass-cast-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Irene Braithwaite, Stephen Mackintosh, Samantha Buchanan, Kerstin Schwarzenlander, Bernadette De Ruyter
OBJECTIVES: We investigated popliteal venous haemodynamics of the VenaJet Jet Impulse Technology system within a below-knee fibreglass cast. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-four healthy participants aged 18-54 had both feet placed within the Jet Impulse Technology system and were randomised for one or other leg to be within a below-knee fibreglass cast. SETTING: Pacific Radiology, Lower Hutt, Wellington...
February 2017: JRSM Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198064/real-life-practices-for-preventing-venous-thromboembolism-in-multiple-myeloma-patients-a-cohort-study-from-the-french-health-insurance-database
#8
Aurore Palmaro, Marie-Eve Rougé-Bugat, Martin Gauthier, Fabien Despas, Guillaume Moulis, Maryse Lapeyre-Mestre
PURPOSE: The risk of venous thromboembolic event (VTE) in multiple myeloma is particularly increased. Current guidelines recommend systematic VTE prophylaxis with vitamin K antagonists (VKA) or low weight molecular heparin (LWMH) or unfractionated heparin (UFH) in high-risk patients, based on treatment received [e.g. use of IMiDs (thalidomide, lenalidomide and pomalidomide), alkylating agents or erythropoietin] and individual risk factors (e.g. history of VTE). The aim of this study was to describe strategy of VTE prophylaxis and prescribing of other antithrombotic agents during the first 6 months of multiple myeloma therapy, with stratification on IMiD-based regimens and drug and disease-related risk factors...
February 15, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185212/economic-evaluations-of-new-oral-anticoagulants-for-the-prevention-of-venous-thromboembolism-after-total-hip-or-knee-replacement-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
James Brockbank, Sorrel Wolowacz
BACKGROUND: Total hip replacement (THR) and total knee replacement (TKR) surgeries are being performed with increasing regularity and are associated with a high risk of developing a venous thromboembolism (VTE). New oral anticoagulants (NOACs) may be more effective at preventing VTEs but are associated with more bleeding events versus traditional anticoagulants. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review was to identify published economic analyses of NOACs for primary VTE prophylaxis following THR and TKR surgeries, and to summarise the modelling techniques used and the cost-effectiveness results...
February 10, 2017: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184368/prevention-of-hospital-acquired-venous-thromboembolism-in-children-a-review-of-published-guidelines
#10
REVIEW
E Vincent S Faustino, Leslie J Raffini
Venous thromboembolism, which includes deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism, is a potentially preventable condition in children. In adults, pharmacologic prophylaxis has been shown to significantly reduce the incidence of venous thromboembolism in distinct patient cohorts. However, pediatric randomized controlled trials have failed to demonstrate the efficacy of pharmacologic prophylaxis against thrombosis associated with central venous catheters, the most important risk factor for venous thromboembolism in children...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183196/the-application-of-current-proposed-venous-thromboembolism-risk-assessment-model-for-ambulatory-patients-with-cancer
#11
Hikmat Abdel-Razeq, Asem Mansour, Salwa S Saadeh, Mahmoud Abu-Nasser, Mohammad Makoseh, Murad Salam, Alaa Abufara, Yousef Ismael, Alaa Ibrahim, Ghaleb Khirfan, Mohammad Ibrahim
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a commonly encountered problem in patients with cancer. In recent years, cancer treatment paradigm has shifted with most therapy offered in ambulatory outpatient settings. Excess of half VTEs in patients with cancer occur in outpatient settings without prior hospitalization, where current practice guidelines do not recommend routine prophylaxis. Risk assessment models (RAMs) for VTE in such patients were recently introduced. This study aims to assess the practical application of one of these models in clinical practice...
January 1, 2017: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176033/sudden-death-caused-by-acute-pulmonary-embolism-after-laparoscopic-total-extraperitoneal-inguinal-hernia-repair-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#12
REVIEW
C Yang, L Zhu
PURPOSE: Laparoscopic repair of inguinal hernias is an increasingly popular method of herniorrhaphy, providing advantages, including lower wound infection rates, faster recovery times and less postoperative pain compared with open procedures. The perioperative incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE), which comprises deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism, in laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair is low, but VTE is still one of the most common causes of postoperative mortality. Moreover, the VTE risk assessment and prophylaxis in inguinal hernia patients is not well defined...
February 7, 2017: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174415/comparison-of-enoxaparin-and-rivaroxaban-in-balance-of-anti-fibrinolysis-and-anticoagulation-following-primary-total-knee-replacement-a-pilot-study
#13
Jinwei Xie, Jun Ma, Qiang Huang, Chen Yue, Fuxing Pei
BACKGROUND This study aimed to assess whether the efficacy of tranexamic acid (TXA) would be altered when rivaroxaban or enoxaparin was used for thromboprophylaxis in primary total knee replacement (TKR). It was hypothesized that the hemostatic effect of TXA would be better with the use of enoxaparin. MATERIAL AND METHODS A randomized clinical trial was conducted on 194 patients undergoing primary TKR for osteoarthritis. An intravenous dose of 15 mg/kg (TXA) and 1 g topical TXA were used. Patients randomly received enoxaparin or rivaroxaban prophylaxis when the drainage was less than 30 ml/h 6-8 h postoperatively...
February 8, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168066/management-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-patients-with-hereditary-antithrombin-deficiency-and-pregnancy-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#14
Mohammad Refaei, Lydia Xing, Wendy Lim, Mark Crowther, Kochawan Boonyawat
Background. Hereditary antithrombin deficiency is a thrombogenic disorder associated with a 50-90% lifetime risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE), which is increased during pregnancy and the puerperium in these patients. We present a case of a woman with antithrombin (AT) deficiency who presented with a VTE despite therapeutic low molecular weight heparin (LMWH). Though the pregnancy was deemed unviable, further maternal complications were mitigated through the combined use of therapeutic anticoagulation and plasma-derived antithrombin concentrate infusions to normalize her functional antithrombin levels...
2017: Case Reports in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166599/scoring-systems-for-estimating-risk-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-surgical-patients
#15
Benjamin Jacobs, Christopher Pannucci
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is one of the most common and feared complications in surgical patients, and its prevention has been the subject of a Call to Action from the Surgeon General of the United States. Here, we review the literature on the use of risk assessment models for the stratification of surgical patients into risk groups to guide the administration of pharmacoprophylaxis. Despite some disagreement in the literature and among various guidelines, there is good evidence that risk stratification identifies a 7- to 20-fold variation in postoperative VTE risk among the overall surgical population, including patients at both low and high risk...
February 6, 2017: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166598/scoring-systems-for-estimating-risk-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-hospitalized-medical-patients
#16
Sofia Barbar, Paolo Prandoni
Deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism are associated with considerable morbidity and mortality in hospitalized patients, accounting for up to 10% of hospitalization-related deaths in both surgical and medical patients. Pharmacologic thromboprophylaxis has been demonstrated to be effective, safe, and cost-effective in preventing hospital-acquired venous thromboembolism (VTE) among medical inpatients, and clinician awareness of thrombotic risk promotes prescription of thromboprophylaxis. Guidelines recommend stratification of thrombotic risk for all patients and, unless contraindicated, administration of VTE prophylaxis...
February 6, 2017: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165791/improving-documentation-in-surgical-operation-notes
#17
Hammad Parwaiz, Rushan Perera, John Creamer, Hamish Macdonald, Ian Hunter
BACKGROUND: Accurate documentation in surgical operation notes is crucial in facilitating the postoperative care of surgical patients and forms an important medicolegal document. This study audited the quality and completeness of documentation in surgical operation notes at a single district general hospital against the Royal College of Surgeons (2014) Good Surgical Practice guidelines, and looked to improve clinical practice through improved compliance with these guidelines. METHOD: A total of 101 operation notes were audited from a variety of surgical specialities in November 2014 (cycle 1) and 100 notes in May 2015 (cycle 2)...
February 2, 2017: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162922/efficacy-and-safety-of-pharmacological-venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-following-liver-resection-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Minas Baltatzis, Ryan Low, Panagiotis Stathakis, Aali J Sheen, Ajith K Siriwardena, Saurabh Jamdar
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines recommend pharmacological prophylaxis for patients undergoing abdominal surgery for malignancy. Liver resection exposes patients to risk factors for venous thromboembolism, but there is a risk of bleeding. The aim of this study is to evaluate the evidence base supporting the use of pharmacological thromboprophylaxis in liver surgery. METHODS: An electronic search was carried out for studies reporting the incidence of VTE following liver resection comparing patients receiving pharmacological prophylaxis with those who did not...
February 2, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161482/evaluation-of-a-standardized-risk-based-venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-protocol-in-the-setting-of-thyroid-and-parathyroid-surgery
#19
Ryan Macht, Ivy Gardner, Stephanie Talutis, Pamela Rosenkranz, Gerard Doherty, David McAneny
BACKGROUND: An elevated odds ratio for venous thromboembolism (VTE) prompted the development of a Caprini risk assessment and risk-based prophylaxis protocol for all General Surgery patients. This system includes pre- and post-operative prophylactic heparin as well as extended courses of low molecular weight heparin for high-risk patients. This study evaluates the safety of this chemoprophylaxis program in thyroid and parathyroid surgery. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review was conducted of all General Surgery patients undergoing thyroid or parathyroid operations after the implementation of the Caprini prophylaxis protocol...
February 1, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159420/efficacy-in-deep-vein-thrombosis-prevention-with-extended-mechanical-compression-device-therapy-and-prophylactic-aspirin-following-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-randomized-control-trial
#20
Mark A Snyder, Alexandra N Sympson, Christina M Scheuerman, Justin L Gregg, Lala R Hussain
BACKGROUND: Aspirin at 325 mg twice daily is now included as a nationally approved venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis protocol for low-risk total knee arthroplasty (TKA) patients. The purpose of this study is to examine whether there is a difference in deep vein thrombosis (DVT) occurrence after a limited tourniquet TKA using aspirin-based prophylaxis with or without extended use of mechanical compression device (MCD) therapy. METHODS: One hundred limited tourniquet TKA patients, whose DVT risk was managed with aspirin 325 mg twice daily for 3 weeks, were randomized to either using an MCD during hospitalization only or extended use at home up to 6 weeks postoperatively...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
keyword
keyword
104849
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"