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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430117/fluvastatin-therapy-could-not-decrease-progression-of-paroxysmal-atrial-fibrillation-in-non-valvular-disease-patients
#1
Qiang Tan, Shuangyue Zhang, Xiaoyi Zou, Jun Zhao, Jia Hao, Qian Sun
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate whether fluvastatin therapy could decrease the probability of atrial fibrillation (AF) progression from paroxysmal AF to permanent AF and decrease the recurrence frequency of AF. METHODS: Analyses were performed using two-tailed Student's t test or Mann-Whitney U tests. Categorical variables were compared with the χ2 statistics or Fisher's exact test. Patients with paroxysmal AF were randomized case-control, prospective into either the fluvastatin group (n=61) or control group (n=57)...
April 10, 2017: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423345/homocysteine-induced-peripheral-microcirculation-dysfunction-in-zebrafish-and-its-attenuation-by-l-arginine
#2
Sang Joon Lee, Sung Ho Park, Jinhyuk Fred Chung, Woorak Choi, Hyung Kyu Huh
Elevated blood homocysteine (Hcy) level is frequently observed in aged individuals and those with age-related vascular diseases. However, its effect on peripheral microcirculation is still not fully understood. Using in vivo zebrafish model, the degree of Hcy-induced peripheral microcirculation dysfunction is assessed in this study with a proposed dimensionless velocity parameter V¯CV/V¯PCV, where V¯CV and V¯PCV represent the peripheral microcirculation perfusion and the systemic perfusion levels, respectively...
April 4, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421567/early-biomarker-response-and-patient-preferences-to-oral-and-intramuscular-vitamin-b12-substitution-in-primary-care-a-randomised-parallel-group-trial
#3
Corina Metaxas, Deborah Mathis, Cyrill Jeger, Kurt Eduard Hersberger, Isabelle Arnet, Philipp Walter
BACKGROUND: Vitamin B12 (VB12) deficiency can be treated with oral high-dose substitution or intramuscular (i.m.) injection of VB12. Whenever alternative routes of administration exist, patient preferences should be considered when choosing the treatment. We aimed to assess outpatient preferences towards oral or IM VB12 substitution and confirm noninferiority of early biomarker response with oral treatment, in a typical primary care population. METHODS: Prospective randomised nonblinded parallel-group trial...
April 19, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421540/maternal-folic-acid-supplementation-during-pregnancy-improves-neurobehavioral-development-in-rat-offspring
#4
Xinyan Wang, Wen Li, Shou Li, Jing Yan, John X Wilson, Guowei Huang
Maternal folate status during pregnancy may influence central nervous system (CNS) development in offspring. However, the recommended intakes of folic acid for women of childbearing age differ among countries and there is still no consensus about whether folic acid should be supplemented continuously throughout pregnancy. We hypothesized that folic acid supplementation may be more beneficial for offspring's neurobehavioral development if prolonged throughout pregnancy instead of being limited to the periconceptional period...
April 18, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419824/effect-of-risperidone-on-serum-homocysteine-levels-in-first-episode-drug-na%C3%A3-ve-patients-with-schizophrenia
#5
Ning Fan, Yunlong Tan, Fude Yang, Li Tian, Song Chen, Jia Li, Zhiren Wang, Xiangyang Zhang
Some studies have shown that homocysteine (Hcy) levels are increased in patients with schizophrenia, and may be involved in its pathophysiology. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of the atypical antipsychotic drug risperidone on serum Hcy levels and to explore the relationship between the changes in Hcy levels and the therapeutic outcome, which, to our best knowledge have not been investigated. Fifty-six first-episode and drug-naïve inpatients with schizophrenia were assigned to a 12-week treatment regime with risperidone...
April 15, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409162/synergistic-effect-of-the-mthfr-c677t-and-ephx2-g860a-polymorphism-on-the-increased-risk-of-ischemic-stroke-in-chinese-type-2-diabetic-patients
#6
Liang Ma, Yongwei Jiang, Xiaomu Kong, Meihua Yan, Tingting Zhao, Hailing Zhao, Qian Liu, Haojun Zhang, Yongtong Cao, Ping Li
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the combined effect of MTHFR C677T (rs1801133) and EPHX2 G860A (rs751141) polymorphism and ischemic stroke in Chinese T2DM patients. This case-control study included a total of 626 Chinese T2DM patients (236 T2DM patients with ischemic stroke and 390 T2DM patients without ischemic stroke). The rs1801133 and rs751141 were genotyped using real-time polymerase chain reaction. Statistical analysis was performed with SPSS 17.0. Results showed that the combined effect of MTHFR TT and EPHX2 GG or GA + AA genotype has a higher risk of ischemic stroke compared with the control group (combined effect of MTHFR CC and EPHX2 GA + AA genotypes; OR = 3...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402961/combination-of-susceptibility-gene-and-traditional-risk-factors-might-enhance-the-performance-of-coronary-heart-disease-screening-strategy
#7
Shiyan Nian, Lei Feng, Yang Zhao, Feng Luo, Shu Zhang, Dan Li, Wenbo Xu, Xingfeng Zhang, Dan Ye, Xuejing Bai
Coronary heart disease (CHD) associated risk factors and susceptibility genes were studied in parallel for decades, however, the combination of the classic CHD risk factors and genetic risk factors has been rarely studied. Previously; we reported that a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF-1) gene was associated with CHD risk; in addition, we also established a CHD screening strategy using traditional CHD risk factors as independent variables. To explore how to combine genetic factors and traditional risk factors in CHD screening strategy, the CHD probabilities were tested in 218 males and 121 females according to their stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF-1) genotypes using CHD screening equations we reported previously...
March 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397471/interactions-of-methylenetetrahydrofolate-reductase-gene-polymorphisms-folate-and-homocysteine-on-blood-pressure-in-a-chinese-hypertensive-population
#8
Wen-Xing Li, Peng Liao, Chao-Yue Hu, Fei Cheng, Tao Zhang, Yuan-Yuan Sun, Ling Tang, Man-Man Wang, Kui-Sheng Liu, Dahai Liu, Fang Liu
BACKGROUND: High blood pressure is related to cardiovascular diseases. We aimed to explore the interactions of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHTR) gene C677T and A1298C mutations and folate/homocysteine (Hcy) status on blood pressure in a Chinese hypertensive population. METHODS: The clinical data in the present study derived from a previous trial (NCT00520247). Genotypes in Hcy pathway enzymes were detected by PCR-RFLP methods. Supine blood pressure was measured with a mercury sphygmomanometer...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394319/activation-of-nlrp3-inflammasomes-contributes-to-hyperhomocysteinemia-aggravated-inflammation-and-atherosclerosis-in-apoe-deficient-mice
#9
Renqing Wang, Yiqin Wang, Nana Mu, Xiaoying Lou, Weixuan Li, Yanming Chen, Dong Fan, Hongmei Tan
Hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) has been shown to promote vascular inflammation and atherosclerosis, but the underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown. The NLRP3 inflammasome has been identified as the cellular machinery responsible for activation of inflammatory processes. In this study, we hypothesized that the activation of NLRP3 inflammasomes contributes to HHcy-induced inflammation and atherosclerosis. ApoE(-/-) mice were fed regular chow, high-fat (HF) diet, or HF plus high methionine diet to induce HHcy...
April 10, 2017: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394038/hydrogen-sulfide-attenuates-homocysteine-induced-cognitive-deficits-and-neurochemical-alterations-by-improving-endogenous-hydrogen-sulfide-levels
#10
Mohit Kumar, Manish Modi, Rajat Sandhir
Hyperomocysteinemia (HHcy) has been associated with mild cognitive impairment and dementia. Hydrogen sulfide (H2 S) has been suggested to be an endogenous modulator of neuronal functions. However, the effect and mechanisms involved in beneficial effect of H2 S has not been investigated in homocysteine (Hcy)-induced cognitive deficits. This study has been designed to evaluate the effect of exogenous H2 S on behavioral deficits and neurochemical alterations in HHcy animals. Hcy levels were significantly elevated in plasma, cortex, and hippocampus of Hcy administered animals...
April 10, 2017: BioFactors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393395/prevalence-of-hyperhomocysteinemia-during-routine-physical-examination-in-guangxi-province-china-and-related-risk-factors
#11
Yuan-Yuan Qin, Peng Wang, Jin-Qiu Qin, Ai-Qiu Wei, Ping Huang, Zhan-Feng Lai, Fa-Quan Lin
BACKGROUND: Studies on homocysteine (Hcy) have mainly focused on the correlation between the homocysteine concentration and disease development. Few epidemiological investigations have been performed. This study was conducted to investigate the prevalence of hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) during routine physical examination in Guangxi Province, China and the correlation of serum Hcy with gender, age, serum uric acid (UA), total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and blood glucose (GLU) to provide evidence for preventing and treating HHcy...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386331/pkc-nadph-oxidase-are-involved-in-the-protective-effect-of-pioglitazone-in-high-homocysteine-induced-paracrine-dyfunction-in-endothelial-progenitor-cells
#12
Shengjie Xu, Yanbo Zhao, Chongying Jin, Lu Yu, Fang Ding, Guosheng Fu, Junhui Zhu
Increasing evidence suggests that EPCs improve neovascularization and endothelial regeneration via the production of paracrine factors. VEGF and IL-8 are major cytokines involved in EPC-mediated angiogenesis and re-endothelialization. In our previous studies, Hcy impaired EPC migratory and adhesive activities. We devised this study to determine whether Hcy could affect the expression and secretion of VEGF and IL-8 from EPCs. We found that high levels of Hcy (100-500 μM) decreased the EPC-mediated protein secretion and mRNA expression of VEGF and IL-8...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386171/how-does-stress-affect-human-being-a-molecular-dynamic-simulation-study-on-cortisol-and-its-glucocorticoid-receptor
#13
Dan Zhang, Geng Tian
Stress can be either positive or negative to human beings. Under stressful conditions, the mental and physical conditions of human can be affected. There exists certain relation between stress and illness. The cortisol and other glucocorticoids bind to the same receptor, which is called glucocorticoid receptor. Some evidences indicated that cortisol molecule binding to its glucocorticoid receptor was necessary for the stress response. Up to now, the structure-function relationships between cortisol molecule and its glucocorticoid receptor have not been deliberated from the atomic-level...
March 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383037/five-lipoxygenase-hypomethylation-mediates-the-homocysteine-effect-on-alzheimer-s-phenotype
#14
Jian-Guo Li, Carlos Barrero, Salim Merali, Domenico Praticò
Environmental and genetic risk factors are implicated in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, how they interact and influence its pathogenesis remains to be investigated. High level of homocysteine (Hcy) is an AD risk factor and associates with an up-regulation of the ALOX5 gene. In the current paper we investigated whether this activation is responsible for the Hcy effect on the AD phenotype and the mechanisms involved. Triple transgenic mice were randomized to receive regular chow diet, a diet deficient in folate and B vitamins (Diet), which results in high Hcy, or the Diet plus zileuton, a specific ALOX5 inhibitor, for 7 months...
April 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381531/ratios-of-one-carbon-metabolites-are-functional-markers-of-b-vitamin-status-in-a-norwegian-coronary-angiography-screening-cohort
#15
Arve Ulvik, Steinar Hustad, Adrian McCann, Øivind Midttun, Ottar K Nygård, Per M Ueland
Background: Functional (metabolic) markers of B-vitamin status, including plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) for folate and plasma methylmalonic acid (MMA) for vitamin B-12, suffer from moderate sensitivity and poor specificity. Ratios of metabolites belonging to the same pathway may have better performance characteristics.Objective: We evaluated the ratios of tHcy to total cysteine (tCys; Hcy:Cys), tHcy to creatinine (Hcy:Cre), and tHcy to tCys to creatinine (Hcy:Cys:Cre) as functional markers of B-vitamin status represented by a summary score composed of folate, cobalamin, betaine, pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP), and riboflavin concentrations measured in plasma...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381354/1-25-dihydroxyvitamin-d3-prevents-deleterious-effects-of-homocysteine-on-mitochondrial-function-and-redox-status-in-heart-slices
#16
Aline Longoni, Janaina Kolling, Cassiana Siebert, João Paulo Dos Santos, Jussemara Souza da Silva, Letícia F Pettenuzzo, Leo Anderson Meira-Martins, Carlos-Alberto Gonçalves, Adriano M de Assis, Angela T S Wyse
Because homocysteine (Hcy) is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, and vitamin D deficiency can contribute to cardiovascular pathologies. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that Hcy could impair energy metabolism, mitochondrial function, and redox status in heart slices of Wistar rats and that 1,25-dihydroxivitamin D3 (calcitriol) treatment could prevent such effects. Heart slices were first pretreated with 3 different concentrations of calcitriol (50, 100, and 250nmol/L) for 30minutes at 37°C, after which Hcy was added to promote deleterious effects on metabolism...
February 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379264/a-fluorescein-based-chemosensor-for-relay-fluorescence-recognition-of-cu-ii-ions-and-biothiols-in-water-and-its-applications-to-a-molecular-logic-gate-and-living-cell-imaging
#17
Zhen-Hai Fu, Lu-Bin Yan, Xiaolong Zhang, Fan-Fan Zhu, Xin-Long Han, Jianguo Fang, Ya-Wen Wang, Yu Peng
Relay recognition of copper(ii) ions and biothiols via a fluorescence "on-off-on" cascade was designed and realized as a new sequential combination of cations and small molecules. Probe 1 bearing a fluorescein skeleton was thus synthesized, which performed well in 100% HEPES buffer (pH = 7.0) solution, as a highly sensitive, selective fluorescence sensor for Cu(2+). The limit of detection (LOD, 0.017 ppm) was obtained, and this value is much lower than 1.3 ppm, allowed by US EPA. The 1 : 1 complex generated from fast sensing of Cu(2+) when excited at 491 nm, showed good relay recognition for biothiols (i...
April 5, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375086/relationship-of-oxidative-stress-with-elevated-level-of-dna-damage-and-homocysteine-in-cardiovascular-disease-patients
#18
Muhammad Qasim, Shazia Anwer Bukhari, Madiha Javeed Ghani, Muhammad Shareef Masoud, Tayyabah Huma, Muhammad Arshad, Asma Haque, Zubair Ibrahim, Sadia Javed, Muhammad Ibrahim Rajoka
Amounts of DNA damage and homocysteine (Hcy) in heart patients blood may have strong function in the causation of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The main objective of this work was to know experimentally the role of total oxidants (produced by Reactive Oxygen species (ROS), clinical biochemical indices, their oxidized products and total antioxidant status (TAS) among such patients to find the association of homocysteine, total oxidation status (TOS) and oxidative DNA damage with other clinical parameters in sixty positive CVD patients compared with those of 60 normal subjects...
November 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371745/homocysteine-as-a-peripheral-biomarker-in-bipolar-disorder-a-meta-analysis
#19
E Salagre, A F Vizuete, M Leite, D J Brownstein, A McGuinness, F Jacka, S Dodd, B Stubbs, C A Köhler, E Vieta, A F Carvalho, M Berk, B S Fernandes
BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder (BD) is a psychiatric disorder with an uncertain aetiology. Recently, special attention has been given to homocysteine (Hcy), as it has been suggested that alterations in 1-carbon metabolism might be implicated in diverse psychiatric disorders. However, there is uncertainty regarding possible alterations in peripheral Hcy levels in BD. METHODS: This study comprises a meta-analysis comparing serum and plasma Hcy levels in persons with BD and healthy controls...
March 1, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368353/the-prevalence-of-hypertension-accompanied-by-high-homocysteine-and-its-risk-factors-in-a-rural-population-a-cross-sectional-study-from-northeast-china
#20
Ye Chang, Yuan Li, Xiaofan Guo, Yintao Chen, Dongxue Dai, Yingxian Sun
Previous studies found that hypertension and high homocysteine (HHcy) exhibited a synergistic effect on the risk of cardiovascular diseases. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of hypertension accompanied by HHcy and its risk factors in the rural areas of northeast China. This study was conducted using a stratified cluster random sampling method, and included 6529 subjects with complete data. Demographic characteristics were obtained from a questionnaire. Blood pressure and anthropometric indices were measured, and serum indices were analyzed...
April 3, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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