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Björn Gylling, Robin Myte, Arve Ulvik, Per M Ueland, Øivind Midttun, Jörn Schneede, Göran Hallmans, Jenny Häggström, Ingegerd Johansson, Bethany Van Guelpen, Richard Palmqvist
One-carbon metabolism biomarkers are easily measured in plasma, but analyzing them one at a time in relation to disease does not take into account the interdependence of the many factors involved. The relative dynamics of major one-carbon metabolism branches can be assessed by relating the functional B-vitamin marker total homocysteine (tHcy) to transsulfuration (total cysteine) and methylation (creatinine) outputs. We validated the ratios of tHcy to total cysteine (Hcy:Cys), tHcy to creatinine (Hcy:Cre), and tHcy to cysteine to creatinine (Hcy:Cys:Cre) as functional markers of B-vitamin status...
May 22, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Fang Li, Jiachang Liu, Yuting Hu, Ning Deng, Jianbo He
The discriminative determination of glutathione (GSH) over cysteine (Cys) and homocysteine (Hcy) is still challenging in bioassays due to their similar functional groups. Herein, a novel, simple, rapid, sensitive and cost-effective label-free colorimetric method for the selective determination of GSH over Cys and Hcy was proposed. In this assay, firstly, o-phenylenediamine (OPD) could be oxidized by silver ions (Ag+ ) to produce silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) and pale yellow colored 2,3-diaminophenazine (shorted as OPDox) with absorbance peak center at 429 nm...
August 15, 2018: Talanta
Joanna Perła-Kaján, Kamila Borowczyk, Rafał Głowacki, Ottar Nygård, Hieronim Jakubowski
Genetic or nutritional deficiencies in 1 carbon and homocysteine (Hcy) metabolism elevate Hcy-thiolactone levels and are associated with cardiovascular and neurologic diseases. Hcy-thiolactone causes protein damage, cellular toxicity, and proatherogenic changes in gene expression in human cells and tissues. A polymorphic cardio-protective enzyme, paraoxonase 1 (PON1), hydrolyzes Hcy-thiolactone in vitro. However, whether Hcy-thiolactone hydrolysis is a physiologic function of the PON1 protein and whether polymorphisms in the PON1 gene affect Hcy-thiolactone levels in humans was unknown...
May 21, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Qing Kuang, Ning Xue, Jing Chen, Ziyan Shen, Xiaomeng Cui, Yi Fang, Xiaoqiang Ding
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been proposed to associate with decreased hydrogen sulfide (H2S) level. Nevertheless, the role of H2S in the pathogenesis of CKD has not been fully investigated. Our study aimed to investigate the plasma level of endogenous H2S in patients with different stages of CKD, and to identify the role of H2S in the progression of CKD and its relationship with cardiovascular diseases. METHODS: A total of 157 non-dialysis CKD patients were recruited in our study, with 37 age- and sex-matched healthy individuals as control...
May 18, 2018: American Journal of Nephrology
Li-Hua Wei, Nai-Xia Chao, Si Gao, Ya-Ting Yu, Lin Shi, Xin-Bo Ma, Na Liao, Ke Lan, Yu Luo, Zheng-Yi Xie, Yuan-Yuan Li
Homocysteine (Hcy) can induce atherosclerosis through the inflammatory response and DNA methylation disorder. Our recent study has reported a novel epigenetic modified gene related to atherosclerosis -SMAD7. To further understand the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, the current study was designed to investigate an inflammatory role of Hcy in human umbilical vein smooth muscle cells (HUVSMCs) through interfering with SMAD7 methylation. Using MALDI-TOF MS, we found that Hcy increased DNA methylation levels of SMAD7 promoter in a dose and time-dependent manner in HUVSMCs...
May 16, 2018: Microvascular Research
Wang Zhang, Jia Liu, Yuewen Yu, Qiaorong Han, Tian Cheng, Jian Shen, Bingxiang Wang, Yuliang Jiang
A novel red-emitting fluorescent probe (DDNA) for cysteine has been rationally designed and synthesized, which exhibited a low limit of detection to Cys (0.26 μM) as well as a favorable large stokes shift (λEm -λEx = 128 nm). This novel fluorophore (HDM), which features a large π-conjugation system and typical intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) process, has a long emission wavelength at 631 nm. Besides that, as a turn-on fluorescent probe, it shows high selectivity and sensitivity for Cys over other metal ions and amino acids including the similar structured homocysteine (Hcy) and glutathione (GSH)...
August 1, 2018: Talanta
Tingting Xu, Shuang Pu, Ying Ni, Mingqing Gao, Xuemei Li, Xianwei Zeng
BACKGROUND: Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), a central cytokine of the innate immunity and inflammatory responses, has been reported to link to the pathophysiology of cardiovascular disease and depression. The aim of this study was to test the possible association between plasma MIF and the development of post-stroke depression (PSD) in Chinese patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS). METHODS: The first-ever AIS patients who were hospitalized at Affiliated Hospital of Weifang Medical College during the period from November 2015 to September 2017 were included...
July 15, 2018: Journal of Neuroimmunology
Fengyang Wang, Yingying Zhu, Jie Xu, Zhiai Xu, Guiying Cheng, Wen Zhang
Cysteine (Cys) is a bithiol that plays a vital role in many physiological processes. However, it is difficult to discriminate Cys from homocysteine (Hcy) and glutathione (GSH), due to their similar chemical structures and reactivity. Herein, we have developed a polymeric nanoprobe, nanoHFA, for ratiometric, highly selective, and sensitive detection of Cys based on 7-hydroxycoumarin-3-carboxylic acid (HC) and fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-acrylate (FITC-A) group-functionalized lipopolymer DSPE-PEG. The probe nanoHFA showed a strong fluorescence emission peak centered at 450 nm attributed to HC and a weak fluorescence emission peak centered at 520 nm due to the photoinduced electron transfer (PET) process of FITC induced by acrylate group...
May 11, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Jun-Hee Lee, Sang-Min Hong, Yun-A Shin
The apolipoprotein E ( APOE ) gene has been suggested to be associated with stroke and dementia. However, the effects of exercise training on dementia according to the APOE genotype are not consistent to those reported by previous studies. Therefore, we examined the effects of exercise training on stroke risk factors including blood pressure, lipid profiles, homocysteine (Hcy) concentrations, and cognitive function according to the APOE genotype in stroke patients. We examined the stroke risk factors, Hcy, and cognitive function in 28 ischemic stroke patients before and after 6 months of exercise training...
April 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Jing Huang, Yanan Chen, Jianguo Qi, Xiaomin Zhou, Linqiang Niu, Zhijie Yan, Jianhong Wang, Guoxiang Zhao
Homocysteine (Hcy) and glutathione (GSH) play important roles in a variety of physiological and pathological processes. Abnormal levels of Hcy and GSH are related to various diseases. Fluorescent probes for detecting them with sensitive and selective are highly desirable. However, efficient discrimination of Hcy and GSH is still a challenge for their similar molecular structures and chemical properties. Herein, we report a naphthalimide and sulfonyl benzoxadiazole (SBD) based dual-selective fluorescent probe for Hcy and GSH over other amino acids...
May 3, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Zhang Xiaoling, Han Yunping, Lian Yingdong
Depression is a common affective disorder or mood disorder, which seriously affects people's physical and mental health and the quality of life. This study compared efficacy of escitalopram and fluoxetine on depression patients, and analyzed the inflammatory factors, serum homocysteine (Hcy) levels and the effects of adverse reactions, so as to provide reference for the clinical. The results showed that the total effective rate of the observation group (90.7%) was higher than that of the control group (80%), but the difference was not statistically significant (p>0...
May 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Qian Liang, Xin-Yu Wang, Hao-Fei Hu, Jia-Bao Lai, Wei-Li Yao, Miao-Ling Chen, Xi Rao
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between fasting C-peptide (F-CP) and serum uric acid (SUA) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: A total of 347 hospitalized patients with T2DM were stratified according to F-CP level to analyze the impact of increased F-CP levels on SUA level and the incidence of hyperuricemia (HUA). The patients with an elevated SUA level (>420 µmol/L) and a normal SUA level (≤420 µmol/L) were compared for general data, fasting C-peptide and other clinical indexes...
April 20, 2018: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
Song-Yang Zhang, Yong-Qiang Dong, Pengcheng Wang, Xingzhong Zhang, Yu Yan, Lulu Sun, Bo Liu, Dafang Zhang, Heng Zhang, Huiying Liu, Wei Kong, Gang Hu, Yatrik M Shah, Frank J Gonzalez, Xian Wang, Changtao Jiang
The adipose Nod-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome senses danger-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) and initiates insulin resistance, but the mechanisms of adipose inflammasome activation remains elusive. In this study, Homocysteine (Hcy) is revealed to be a DAMP that activates adipocyte NLRP3 inflammasomes, participating in insulin resistance. Hcy-induced activation of NLRP3 inflammasomes were observed in both adipocytes and adipose tissue macrophages (ATMs) and mediated insulin resistance. Lysophosphatidylcholine (lyso-PC) acted as a second signal activator, mediating Hcy-induced adipocyte NLRP3 inflammasome activation...
April 27, 2018: EBioMedicine
Silin Lü, Jiacheng Deng, Huiying Liu, Bo Liu, Juan Yang, Yutong Miao, Jing Li, Nan Wang, Changtao Jiang, Qingbo Xu, Xian Wang, Juan Feng
Inflammation mediated by activated T cells plays an important role in the initiation and progression of hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy)-accelerated atherosclerosis in ApoE-/- mice. Homocysteine (Hcy) activates T cells to secrete proinflammatory cytokines, especially interferon (IFN)-γ; however, the precise mechanisms remain unclear. Metabolic reprogramming is critical for T cell inflammatory activation and effector functions. Our previous study demonstrated that Hcy regulates T cell mitochondrial reprogramming by enhancing endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-mitochondria coupling...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Molecular Medicine: Official Organ of the "Gesellschaft Deutscher Naturforscher und Ärzte"
Nan Chen, Jinmin Liu, Zeyu Qiao, Yuan Liu, Yue Yang, Changtao Jiang, Xian Wang, Chu Wang
Hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) refers to a medical condition of abnormally high level of homocysteine (Hcy) in blood (>15 μmol L-1 ) and has been clinically implicated with cardiovascular diseases and neurodegenerative disorders. Excessive Hcy can be converted to a reactive thioester intermediate, Hcy thiolactone (HTL), which selectively reacts with protein lysine residues (" N -homocysteinylation") and this non-enzymatic modification largely contributes to manifestations of HHcy. However, the proteome-wide detection of protein N -homocysteinylation remains a challenge to date...
March 14, 2018: Chemical Science
Antonio Di Meco, Jian-Guo Li, Carlos Barrero, Salim Merali, Domenico Praticò
A high circulating level of homocysteine (Hcy), also known as hyperhomocysteinemia, is a risk factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD). Previous studies show that elevated Hcy promotes brain amyloidosis and behavioral deficits in mouse models of AD. However, whether it directly modulates the development of tau neuropathology independently of amyloid beta in vivo is unknown. Herein, we investigate the effect of diet-induced elevated levels of brain Hcy on the phenotype of a relevant mouse model of human tauopathy...
May 4, 2018: Molecular Psychiatry
Zhi-Peng You, Yue-Zhi Zhang, Yu-Lan Zhang, Lu Shi, Ke Shi
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of homocysteine (Hcy) in on human trabecular meshwork cells (HTMCs). A total of 41 patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) and 53 patients with senile cataracts (control group) were recruited. Plasma and aqueous humor samples were collected and the Hcy concentrations were determined using enzymatic cycling assays. In cell experiments, normal HTMCs were passaged and randomly divided into a blank control group, a normal HTMC group and experimental groups, which were treated with different concentrations of Hcy...
May 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Tomasz Wielkoszyński, Jolanta Zalejska-Fiolka, Joanna K Strzelczyk, Aleksander J Owczarek, Armand Cholewka, Marcin Furmański, Agata Stanek
Objective: Oxidized cholesterol derivatives are thought to exert atherogenic effect thus adversely affecting vascular endothelium. The aim of the study was to assess the effect of 5 α ,6 α -epoxycholesterol on experimentally induced hypercholesterolemia in rabbits, and the levels of homocysteine (HCY), asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), paraoxonase-1 (PON-1), and inflammatory parameters (IL-6, TNF- α , CRP). Material and methods: The rabbits were divided into 3 groups, 8 animals each, and fed with basic fodder (C), basic fodder plus cholesterol (Ch) or basic fodder plus 5 α ,6 α -epoxycholesterol, and unoxidized cholesterol (ECh)...
2018: Mediators of Inflammation
Yacoubou Abdoul Razak Mahaman, Fang Huang, Mengjuan Wu, Yuman Wang, Zhen Wei, Jian Bao, Maibouge Tanko Mahamane Salissou, Dan Ke, Qun Wang, Rong Liu, Jian-Zhi Wang, Bin Zhang, Dan Chen, Xiaochuan Wang
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is multifactorial with unclear etiopathology. Due to the complexity of AD, many attempted single therapy treatments, like Aβ immunization, have generally failed. Therefore, there is a need for drugs with multiple benefits. Naturally occurring phytochemicals with neuroprotective, anti-amyloidogenic, antioxidative, and anti-inflammatory properties could be a possible way out. In this study, the effect of Moringa oleifera (MO), a naturally occurring plant with high antioxidative, anti-inflammatory, and neuroprotective effects, was evaluated on hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) induced AD-like pathology in rats...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Nuria Álvarez-Sánchez, Ana Isabel Álvarez-Ríos, Juan Miguel Guerrero, Francisco José García-García, Leocadio Rodríguez-Mañas, Ivan Cruz-Chamorro, Patricia Judith Lardone, Antonio Carrillo-Vico
BACKGROUND: Homocysteine (Hcy) high levels are associated with fractures, bone resorption and an early onset of osteoporosis in elderly persons; a relationship between Hcy and bone formation has also been suggested but is still controversial. Frailty, an independent predictor of fractures and decreased bone mineral density is associated with altered bone metabolism in women. However, no previous works have studied the relationship among frailty, Hcy levels and bone turnover. METHODS: We studied the association among Hcy, osteoporosis and N-terminal propeptide of type I procollagen (PINP), C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (β-CTX), parathyroid hormone (PTH), calcium and 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) in 631 Spanish women between the ages of 65-78 from the Toledo Study for Healthy Aging (TSHA) cohort, who were classified as highly functional (robust subjects) or non-robust (pre-frail or frail subjects) according to Fried's criteria...
April 25, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
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