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Guner Cicek, Osman Imamoglu, Abdullah Gullu, Oguzhan Celik, Oguzhan Ozcan, Esin Gullu, Faruk Yamaner
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of 16 weeks step-aerobic exercises and core exercises on left ventricular structure and function with some physiological parameters in sedentary women. Methods: To achieve the purpose of this study, a total of 45 volunteers including (step-aerobic group (SAG, n = 25), core exercise group (CEG, n = 20) were selected as participants. Two different exercises were applied for 4 days a week, throughout 16 weeks, within 60 minutes for each exercise with the intensity of heart rate (HR) 60-70 percent...
December 2017: Journal of Exercise Science and Fitness
Wenlong Zhou, Yan Yang, Liang Tang, Kai Cheng, Changkun Li, Huimin Wang, Minzhi Liu, Wei Wang
Acrolein (Acr) was used as a selection agent to improve the glutathione (GSH) overproduction of the prototrophic strain W303-1b/FGPPT . After two rounds of adaptive laboratory evolution (ALE), an unexpected result was obtained wherein identical GSH production was observed in the selected isolates. Then, a threshold selection mechanism of Acr-stressed adaption was clarified based on the formation of an Acr-GSH adduct, and a diffusion coefficient (0.36 ± 0.02 μmol·min-1 ·OD600 -1 ) was calculated. Metabolomic analysis was carried out to reveal the molecular bases that triggered GSH overproduction...
March 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
Cheng-Jin You, Dan Liu, Li-Li Liu, Guo-Zhong Li
The present study was to examine the relationship between white matter lesions (WMLs) and insulin resistance (IR) in patients with acute stroke and evaluate clinical prognosis.Around 200 patients with initial onset of acute stroke including 146 patients (73.0%) with WMLs and 54 patients (27%) without WMLs were analyzed by neuropsychological scales. Fasting blood glucose (FBG), fasting insulin, blood lipid, homocysteine (Hcy), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), creatinine, and uric acid, diabetes mellitus (DM), prediabetes (PD), and normal glucose (NG) were determined according to HbA1c levels...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Bozidarka L Zaric, Milan Obradovic, Vladan Bajic, Mohamed A Haidara, Milos Jovanovic, Esma R Isenovic
Homocysteine (Hcy) is thiol group containing the amino acid, which naturally occurs in all humans. Hcy is degraded in the body through two metabolic pathways, while a minor part is excreted through kidneys. The chemical reactions that are necessary for degradation of Hcy require the presence of the folic acid, vitamins B6 and B12. Consequently, the level of the total Hcy in the serum is influenced by the presence or absence of these vitamins. An elevated level of the Hcy, hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) and homocystinuria are connected with occlusive artery disease, especially in the brain, the heart, and the kidney, in addition to venous thrombosis, chronic renal failure, megaloblastic anemia, osteoporosis, depression, Alzheimer's disease, pregnancy problems, and others...
March 12, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
Zhongjian Cheng, Xinggui Shen, Xiaohua Jiang, Huimin Shan, Maria Cimini, Pu Fang, Yong Ji, Joon Young Park, Konstantinos Drosatos, Xiaofeng Yang, Christopher G Kevil, Raj Kishore, Hong Wang
Insufficient hydrogen sulfide (H2 S) has been implicated in Type 2 diabetic mellitus (T2DM) and hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy)-related cardiovascular complications. We investigated the role of H2 S in T2DM and HHcy-induced endothelial dysfunction in small mesenteric artery (SMA) of db/db mice fed a high methionine (HM) diet. HM diet (8 weeks) induced HHcy in both T2DM db/db mice and non-diabetic db/+ mice (total plasma Hcy: 48.4 and 31.3 µM, respectively), and aggravated the impaired endothelium-derived hyperpolarization factor (EDHF)-induced endothelium-dependent relaxation to acetylcholine (ACh), determined by the presence of eNOS inhibitor N(ω)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) and prostacyclin (PGI2 ) inhibitor indomethacin (INDO), in SMA from db/db mice but not that from db/+ mice...
February 14, 2018: Redox Biology
Guoxing Yin, Tingting Niu, Yabing Gan, Ting Yu, Peng Yin, Haimin Chen, Youyu Zhang, Haitao Li, Shouzhuo Yao
A novel fluorescent probe by integrating chlorinated coumarin and benzothiazolylacetonitrile was exploited for simultaneous detection of Cys, Hcy and GSH. Featured with four binding sites and different bonding mechanism between probe and biothiols, this probe exhibited rapid fluorescence turn-on for distinguishing Cys, Hcy and GSH with 108, 128, 30-fold fluorescence increase at 457, 559, 529 nm, respectively, through different excitation wavelengths. Furthermore, the probe was successfully applied to the fluorescence images of cellular Cys, GSH and exogenous Cys, Hcy and GSH in living cells...
March 7, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
Yanyan Zhang, Yuan Zhang, Jiayu Tang, Shuang Zhao, Chen Li, Yong-Pan Huang, Minhan Yi
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Genetic or nutritional deficiencies in homocysteine (Hcy)metabolism lead to the accumulation of Hcy and its metabolites in the blood. This can lead to hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy), which is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Studies have shown that HHcy leads to endothelial dysfunction, a hallmark of atherosclerosis, which may explain this link. The precise mechanism remains unclear, but a strong possibility is excessive HHCy-induced autophagy. Autophagy has been better studied in ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injuries, and previous work showed that Oxymatrine (OMT), a quinolizidine alkaloid, protects cells against myocardial I/R injury by inhibiting autophagy...
February 28, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Jovana Jeremic, Tamara Nikolic Turnic, Vladimir Zivkovic, Nevena Jeremic, Isidora Milosavljevic, Ivan Srejovic, Radmila Obrenovic, Snezana Jancic, Milena Rakocevic, Stevan Matic, Dragan Djuric, Vladimir Jakovljevic
This research is designed to test the hypothesis that elevated homocysteine (Hcy) levels in vivo, caused by a deficit in vitamin B complex, promote changes in cardiac function and redox status that lead to heart failure. In order to conduct the study, we used adult male Wistar albino rats (n=30; 4 weeks old; 100±15 g body weight). Hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) in these animals was achieved by dietary manipulation. For 4 weeks, the animals were fed with a standard rodent chow (control - CF), a diet enriched in methionine with no deficiency in B vitamins (i...
March 6, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
A Fatih Aydın, Gamze Kondakçı, Songül Hatipoğlu, Semra Doğru-Abbasoğlu, Müjdat Uysal
High levels of homocysteine (Hcy) have neurotoxic effects. Homocysteine thiolactone (HcyT), a thioester of Hcy, plays a role in Hcy-induced toxicity. In this study, effects of HcyT treatment (500 mg/kg body weight/day in drinking water) for 6 weeks on serum Hcy levels and brain prooxidant-antioxidant balance were investigated in rats. The effect of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) treatment (1 g/kg body weight/day in chow) for 6 weeks on HcyT-induced neurotoxicity was evaluated. Reactive oxygen species (ROS), thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), diene conjugate (DC), protein carbonyl (PC) and advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP) were determined in the brain tissue...
February 21, 2018: Pathophysiology: the Official Journal of the International Society for Pathophysiology
M V Lind, L Lauritzen, H Vestergaard, T Hansen, O Pedersen, M Kristensen, A B Ross
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Alterations to one-carbon metabolism, especially elevated plasma homocysteine (Hcy), have been suggested to be both a cause and a consequence of the metabolic syndrome (MS). A deeper understanding of the role of other one-carbon metabolites in MS, including s-adenosylmethionine (SAM), s-adenosylhomocysteine (SAH), and the methylation capacity index (SAM:SAH ratio) is required. METHODS AND RESULTS: 118 men and women with MS-risk factors were included in this cross-sectional study and cardiometabolic outcomes along with markers of one-carbon metabolism, including fasting plasma SAM, SAH, Hcy and vitamin B12 concentrations, were analysed...
January 31, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
Hui Pang, Bing Han, Qiang Fu, Lin Hao, Zhenkun Zong
Previous studies have focused mostly on independent effects of the stroke risk factors, whereas little attention has been paid to interactions between individual factors which may be important for stroke prevention. We collected data related to the patients' demographic characteristics, history of chronic diseases and lifestyle factors in 2258 patients with primary hypertension. Logistic regression models based on odds ratio (OR) with their associated 95% confidence interval (CI) were used to estimate an independent effect of homocysteine (Hcy) on the risk of stroke but also include the interactions between Hcy and other risk factors...
March 1, 2018: Scientific Reports
L Han, Q B Dong, Y C Wei, A C Zheng, J X Li, K Hong, Y Q Wu, X S Cheng
Objective: To investigate the effect and related mechanism of homocysteine (Hcy) on calcium overload in neonatal rat atrial cells (NRICs). Methods: NRICs were assigned to 9 groups after culture for 3 days: (1) control group; (2) Hcy group (0, 50, 100, 200, 500 μmol/L for 48 hours); (3) antioxidant group (NAC, 10 μmol/L for 24 hours); (4) Hcy+NAC group (500 μmol/L Hcy for 48 hours, then treated with 10 μmol/L NAC for 24 hours); (5) calcium/calmodulin dependent protein kinase Ⅱδ (CaMKⅡδ) inhibitor group (KN-93, 3 μmol/L KN-93 for 5 hours); (6) specific sodium current inhibitor group (ELE, 1 μmol/L ELE for 5 hours); (7) Hcy+KN-93 group (500 μmol/L Hcy for 48 hours, then treated with 3 μmol/L KN-93 for 5 hours); (8) Hcy+ELE group (500 μmol/L Hcy for 48 hours, then treated with 1 μmol/L ELE for 5 hours; (9) Hcy+KN-93+ELE group (500 μmol/L Hcy for 48 hours, then treated with 3 μmol/L KN-93 and 1 μmol/L ELE for 5 hours)...
February 24, 2018: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
Guandi Wu, Jiayi Xian, Xi Yang, Jiaying Li, Jichen Liu, Wenhui Dong, Shuwen Su, Jun Li, Yan Tu, Jian Peng, Dingli Xu, Qingchun Zeng
Previous studies have reported inconsistent results regarding the association between homocysteine (Hcy) levels and calcific aortic valve disease (CAVD). We investigate the association between Hcy levels in patients with CAVD and controls by conducting a systematic review and meta-analysis. We conducted a systematic search of studies published prior to the end of March 2017 in the PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and the Chinese Biomedical Literature databases. Eligible studies evaluating plasma Hcy levels in CAVD patients and controls were identified by two independent investigators...
February 2, 2018: Oncotarget
Kamila Borowczyk, Joanna Suliburska, Hieronim Jakubowski
Growing human head hair contains a history of keratin and provides a unique model for studies of protein damage. Here, we examined mechanism of homocysteine (Hcy) accumulation and keratin damage in human hair. We found that the content of Hcy-keratin increased along the hair fiber, with levels 5-10-fold higher levels in older sections at the hair's tip than in younger sections at hair's base. The accumulation of Hcy led to a complete loss of keratin solubility in sodium dodecyl sulfate. The increase in Hcy-keratin was accompanied by a decrease in methionine-keratin...
February 26, 2018: Amino Acids
Hengrui Zhang, Nan Qin, Zhijie Fang
A selective and ratiometric turn-on fluorescent probe was designed and synthesized by using a novel dicyanoisophorone-based derivative and acrylate moiety. The probe displayed high stability and good selectivity to cysteine (Cys) over homocysteine (Hcy) and glutathione (GSH). It also exhibited rapid response to Cys within 180 s. Most importantly, the fluorescence intensity ratio at 590 and 525 nm (I590 /I525 ) was linearly dependent on the Cys concentration in the range from 0 to 40 μM and the detection limit calculated to be 0...
February 22, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Kejian Liu, Saiyare Xuekelati, Kang Zhou, Zhitao Yan, Xu Yang, Azeem Inayat, Jiangdong Wu, Xiaomei Guo
The aim of this study is to discuss the hypothesis that expression of plasma atherosclerosis-associated microRNAs (miRNAs) in hyperhomocysteinemia (Hhcy) patients could predict the presence of atherosclerosis from different channels. Six plasma miRNAs (miR-145, miR-155, miR-222, miR-133, miR-217, and miR-30) selected for our study have been confirmed as critical gene regulators involved in atherosclerosis and can be steadily determined in plasma. Expression of the above six plasma circulating miRNAs revealed significant upregulation of two miRNAs (miR-133 and miR-217) and downregulation of three miRNAs (miR-145, miR-155, and miR-222)...
February 20, 2018: DNA and Cell Biology
Haifeng Zhou, Guoxia Ran, Jean-François Masson, Chan Wang, Yuan Zhao, Qijun Song
Driven by the urgent need for recognition and quantification of trace amino acids enantiomers in various biologic samples, we demonstrate for the first time an ultrasensitive electrochemical chiral biosensor for cysteine (Cys) based on magnetic nanoparticles (Fe3O4@PDA/CuxO) as electrode units. D-Cys-Cu2+-D-Cys formed in the presence of cysteine, exhibits strong stability and a shielding effect on the redox current of indicator Cu2+, which can be used to quantify and recognize D-Cys by square wave voltammetry...
February 20, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
Xiao-Jun Shu, Zheng-Fei Li, Yao-Wen Chang, Sheng-Ye Liu, Wen-Hui Wang, Xiaoqiang Li
The effects of different doses of folic acid and vitamin B12 on rabbits with deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and hyperhomocysteinemia were investigated. In total, 60 New Zealand rabbits were divided into untreated control, low-dose and high-dose groups. After inducing DVT, hemorheology and coagulation indexes were measured 3 and 10 days later. We found that both treatment groups performed better than the control group, and the high-dose performed better than the low-dose. Ten days after thrombosis, the levels of Hcy and D-dimer were lower in the high-dose group...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Juan Ni, Yaoxian Liu, Tao Zhou, Xiayu Wu, Xu Wang
OBJECTIVE: One-carbon metabolism (OCM) is essential for DNA synthesis and methylation. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within OCM genes may affect folic acid (FA) metabolism, disrupt homocysteine (Hcy) homeostasis, and increase the risk of disease. This study investigated the relationship between SNPs in key OCM genes and their association with blood FA and Hcy levels in a healthy population in Yunnan, China. METHODS: Six SNPs within five key OCM genes (MTHFR C677T, MTHFR A1298C, MS A2756G, MTRR A66G, CBS T833C, and SHMT C1420T) were genotyped in 300 healthy volunteers (148 males and 152 females) using polymerase chain reaction/restriction fragment length polymorphism...
February 16, 2018: Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers
Milagros Fuentes-Albero, Omar Cauli
Homocysteine (Hcy) is a non-protein α-amino acid, which plays several important roles in human physiology and in the central nervous system. Although Hcy has several known biological properties in one-carbon metabolism, its overproduction might be harmful and could add to the pathophysiology associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This review presents updated information about alterations in the concentration of this amino acid in biological fluids (blood and urine) in patients with ASD. In addition, we assessed its clinical significance by analyzing if there are any potential associations between abnormal Hcy levels and the severity ASD or any of its symptoms...
February 12, 2018: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
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