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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922659/eye-movement-analysis-and-cognitive-assessment-the-use-of-comparative-visual-search-tasks-in-a-non-immersive-vr-application
#1
Pedro J Rosa, Pedro Gamito, Jorge Oliveira, Diogo Morais, Matthew Pavlovic, Olivia Smyth, Inês Maia, Tiago Gomes
BACKGROUND: An adequate behavioral response depends on attentional and mnesic processes. When these basic cognitive functions are impaired, the use of non-immersive Virtual Reality Applications (VRAs) can be a reliable technique for assessing the level of impairment. However, most non-immersive VRAs use indirect measures to make inferences about visual attention and mnesic processes (e.g., time to task completion, error rate). OBJECTIVES: To examine whether the eye movement analysis through eye tracking (ET) can be a reliable method to probe more effectively where and how attention is deployed and how it is linked with visual working memory during comparative visual search tasks (CVSTs) in non-immersive VRAs...
December 6, 2016: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919244/surgical-antibiotic-prophylaxis-in-children-a-mixed-method-study-on-healthcare-professionals-attitudes
#2
Angela Giusti, Stefania Spila Alegiani, Marta Luisa Ciofi Degli Atti, Sofia Colaceci, Roberto Raschetti, Pasquale Arace, Raffaele Spiazzi, Massimiliano Raponi
BACKGROUND: Qualitative and quantitative research investigating determinants of adherence to clinical guidelines (GLs) on surgical antibiotic prophylaxis (SAP) are scarce. We conducted a mixed-method study aimed at investigating barriers and at describing attitudes of healthcare professionals (HCPs) regarding SAP in three Italian children's hospitals. METHODS: The study comprised two sequential phases: 1) collection of qualitative data through focus groups; 2) conduction of a survey on HCPs attitudes towards SAP...
December 5, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914754/antiparasitic-and-disease-modifying-activity-of-nyctanthes-arbor-tristis-linn-in-malaria-an-exploratory-clinical-study
#3
Chhaya S Godse, Prakash S Tathed, Sameer S Talwalkar, Rama A Vaidya, Ashok J Amonkar, Akhil B Vaidya, Ashok D B Vaidya
BACKGROUND: An unceasing threat of drug resistance continuously poses demand for new antimalarial drugs. A scientific assessment of traditionally used antimalarial plants through reverse pharmacology is crucial for a fast track drug discovery. An Ayurvedic plant Nyctanthesarbor-tristis Linn. - (Parijat) had shown antimalarial activity, with a parasite clearance in 76.6% of 120 patients, in an earlier clinical study. OBJECTIVE: To further explore antimalarial potential of the plant through additional objective markers...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907190/are-exam-questions-known-in-advance-using-local-dependence-to-detect-cheating
#4
Stefan Zimmermann, Dietrich Klusmann, Wolfgang Hampe
Cheating is a common phenomenon in high stakes admission, licensing and university exams and threatens their validity. To detect if some exam questions had been affected by cheating, we simulated how data would look like if some test takers possessed item preknowledge: Responses to a small number of items were set to correct for 1-10% of test takers. Item difficulty, item discrimination, item fit, and local dependence were computed using an IRT 2PL model. Then changes in these item properties from the non-compromised to the compromised dataset were scrutinized for their sensitivity to item preknowledge...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895419/acute-kidney-injury-and-post-reperfusion-syndrome-in-liver-transplantation
#5
REVIEW
Ilaria Umbro, Francesca Tinti, Irene Scalera, Felicity Evison, Bridget Gunson, Adnan Sharif, James Ferguson, Paolo Muiesan, Anna Paola Mitterhofer
In the past decades liver transplantation (LT) has become the treatment of choice for patients with end stage liver disease (ESLD). The chronic shortage of cadaveric organs for transplantation led to the utilization of a greater number of marginal donors such as older donors or donors after circulatory death (DCD). The improved survival of transplanted patients has increased the frequency of long-term complications, in particular chronic kidney disease (CKD). Acute kidney injury (AKI) post-LT has been recently recognized as an important risk factor for the occurrence of de novo CKD in the long-term outcome...
November 14, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893587/measuring-childhood-adversity-in-life-course-cardiovascular-research-a-systematic-review
#6
Allison A Appleton, Elizabeth Holdsworth, Margaret Ryan, Melissa Tracy
OBJECTIVE: Identifying the life course health effects of childhood adversity is a burgeoning area of research, particularly in relation to cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, adversity measurement varies widely across studies, which may hamper our ability to make comparisons across studies and identify mechanisms linking adversity to CVD. The purpose of this review is to summarize adversity measurement approaches in the context of CVD, identify gaps, and make recommendations for future research...
November 22, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885658/early-skin-to-skin-contact-for-mothers-and-their-healthy-newborn-infants
#7
REVIEW
Elizabeth R Moore, Nils Bergman, Gene C Anderson, Nancy Medley
BACKGROUND: Mother-infant separation post birth is common. In standard hospital care, newborn infants are held wrapped or dressed in their mother's arms, placed in open cribs or under radiant warmers. Skin-to-skin contact (SSC) begins ideally at birth and should last continually until the end of the first breastfeeding. SSC involves placing the dried, naked baby prone on the mother's bare chest, often covered with a warm blanket. According to mammalian neuroscience, the intimate contact inherent in this place (habitat) evokes neuro-behaviors ensuring fulfillment of basic biological needs...
November 25, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882169/efficacy-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-treating-patients-with-osteoarthritis-of-the-knee-a-meta-analysis
#8
Gang-Hua Cui, Yang Yang Wang, Chang-Jun Li, Chen-Hui Shi, Wei-Shan Wang
To assess the clinical efficacy and safety of mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) treatment for osteoarthritis of the knee (KOA), a systematic electronic literature search was performed on PubMed, EMBASE and Web of Science. Studies published in English from the earliest record to December 2014 were searched using the following keywords: Cartilage defect, cartilage repair, osteoarthritis, KOA, stem cells, MSCs, bone marrow concentrate (BMC), adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells, synovial-derived mesenchymal stem cells and peripheral blood-derived mesenchymal stem cells...
November 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879621/online-ratings-of-asoprs-surgeons-what-do-your-patients-really-think-of-you
#9
Alexander F Vu, Gabriela M Espinoza, Julian D Perry, Rao V Chundury
PURPOSE: To characterize patient evaluations of American Society of Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery (ASOPRS) surgeons on a popular online physician rating website in an effort to determine which factors play a role in determining the likelihood of a patient recommending an ASOPRS surgeon to family and friends. METHODS: After obtaining approval and access from Healthgrades.com, the website database was searched for 612 U.S.-based ASOPRS members using their name as published on http://www...
November 22, 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872743/the-slopes-remain-the-same-reply-to-wolfe-2016
#10
Árni Kristjánsson
Wolfe (2016) responds to my article (Kristjánsson, 2015), arguing among other things, that the differences in slope by response method in my data reflect speed accuracy trade-offs. But when reaction times and errors are combined in one score (inverse efficiency) to sidestep speed accuracy trade-offs, slope differences still remain. The problem that slopes, which are thought to measure search speed, differ by response type therefore remains.
November 2016: I-Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869298/informant-questionnaire-on-cognitive-decline-in-the-elderly-iqcode-for-the-early-diagnosis-of-dementia-across-a-variety-of-healthcare-settings
#11
REVIEW
Jennifer K Harrison, David J Stott, Rupert McShane, Anna H Noel-Storr, Rhiannon S Swann-Price, Terry J Quinn
BACKGROUND: The Informant Questionnaire for Cognitive Decline in the Elderly (IQCODE) is a structured interview based on informant responses that is used to assess for possible dementia. IQCODE has been used for retrospective or contemporaneous assessment of cognitive decline. There is considerable interest in tests that may identify those at future risk of developing dementia. Assessing a population free of dementia for the prospective development of dementia is an approach often used in studies of dementia biomarkers...
November 21, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866368/does-serum-procalcitonin-aid-in-the-diagnosis-of-bloodstream-infection-regardless-of-whether-patients-exhibit-the-systemic-inflammatory-response-syndrome
#12
Rashi Arora, James P Campbell, Gyorgy Simon, Nishant Sahni
BACKGROUND: Physicians frequently rely on the systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) criteria to detect bloodstream infections (BSIs). We evaluated the diagnostic performance of procalcitonin (PCT) in detecting BSI in patients with and without SIRS. METHODS: We tested the association between BSI, serum PCT levels, contemporaneous SIRS scores and serum lactate using logistic regression in a dataset of 4279 patients. The diagnostic performance of these variables was assessed...
November 19, 2016: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866323/measuring-compassion-in-healthcare-a-comprehensive-and-critical-review
#13
REVIEW
Shane Sinclair, Lara B Russell, Thomas F Hack, Jane Kondejewski, Richard Sawatzky
BACKGROUND: There is international concern about the lack of compassion in healthcare systems. A valid and reliable tool for measuring compassion in healthcare systems and educational institutions is required. This comprehensive and critical narrative synthesis identified and compared existing measures of compassionate care in clinical settings. METHODS: PubMed, MEDLINE, CINAHL and PsycINFO databases and grey literature were searched to identify studies that report information on instruments that measure compassion or compassionate care in clinicians, nurses, healthcare students and patients...
November 19, 2016: Patient
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855973/systematic-review-of-clinical-humanistic-and-economic-outcome-comparisons-between-radiographic-and-non-radiographic-axial-spondyloarthritis
#14
Joachim Sieper, Xiaohan Hu, Christopher M Black, Kim Grootscholten, Remon W M van den Broek, Sumesh Kachroo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate similarities and differences between non-radiographic axial spondyloarthritis (nr-axSpA) and ankylosing spondylitis (AS) with regard to treatment effects and clinical, humanistic, and economic burdens. METHODS: In this systematic literature review, ACR 2015, EULAR 2015, EMBASE, and PubMed were searched for studies published between January 2010 and September 2015 that compared predefined clinical, humanistic, and economic aspects in nr-axSpA and AS...
September 13, 2016: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853388/efficacy-tolerability-and-safety-of-an-oral-enzyme-combination-vs-diclofenac-in-osteoarthritis-of-the-knee-results-of-an-individual-patient-level-pooled-reanalysis-of-data-from-six-randomized-controlled-trials
#15
Michael A Ueberall, Gerhard Hh Mueller-Schwefe, Rainer Wigand, Ute Essner
OBJECTIVE: To compare efficacy, safety, and tolerability of an oral enzyme combination (OEC) containing proteolytic enzymes and bioflavonoid vs diclofenac (DIC), a nonselective nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug in the treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was an individual patient-level pooled reanalysis of patient-reported data from prospective, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group studies in adult patients with moderate-to-severe osteoarthritis of the knee treated for at least 3 weeks with OEC or DIC...
2016: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852116/non-coeliac-gluten-wheat-sensitivity-advances-in-knowledge-and-relevant-questions
#16
Umberto Volta, Giacomo Caio, Tennekoon B Karunaratne, Armin Alaedini, Roberto De Giorgio
Non-coeliac gluten/wheat sensitivity (NCG/WS) is a syndrome characterized by intestinal and extra-intestinal symptoms occurring a few hours or days after the ingestion of gluten and wheat proteins in patients testing negative for coeliac disease and wheat allergy. Areas covered: The present review deals with recent scientific acquisitions of this gluten-related syndrome, including pathogenetic mechanisms, clinical picture, symptom score, biomarkers and double-blind placebo-controlled trial for diagnosis, and treatment...
November 23, 2016: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843695/a-machine-learning-approach-to-identify-functional-biomarkers-in-human-prefrontal-cortex-for-individuals-with-traumatic-brain-injury-using-functional-near-infrared-spectroscopy
#17
Nader Karamzadeh, Franck Amyot, Kimbra Kenney, Afrouz Anderson, Fatima Chowdhry, Hadis Dashtestani, Eric M Wassermann, Victor Chernomordik, Claude Boccara, Edward Wegman, Ramon Diaz-Arrastia, Amir H Gandjbakhche
BACKGROUND: We have explored the potential prefrontal hemodynamic biomarkers to characterize subjects with Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) by employing the multivariate machine learning approach and introducing a novel task-related hemodynamic response detection followed by a heuristic search for optimum set of hemodynamic features. To achieve this goal, the hemodynamic response from a group of 31 healthy controls and 30 chronic TBI subjects were recorded as they performed a complexity task...
November 2016: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834776/genetic-risk-as-a-marker-of-amyloid-%C3%AE-and-tau-burden-in-cerebrospinal-fluid
#18
Nicola Voyle, Hamel Patel, Amos Folarin, Stephen Newhouse, Caroline Johnston, Pieter Jelle Visser, Richard J B Dobson, Steven J Kiddle
BACKGROUND: The search for a biomarker of Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology (amyloid-β (Aβ) and tau) is ongoing, with the best markers currently being measurements of Aβ and tau in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and via positron emission tomography (PET) scanning. These methods are relatively invasive, costly, and often have high screening failure rates. Consequently, research is aiming to elucidate blood biomarkers of Aβ and tau. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate a case/control polygenic risk score (PGRS) as a marker of tau and investigate blood markers of a combined Aβ and tau outcome for the first time...
November 6, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834159/maternal-depressive-symptoms-and-early-childhood-cognitive-development-a-meta-analysis
#19
Y Liu, S Kaaya, J Chai, D C McCoy, P J Surkan, M M Black, A-L Sutter-Dallay, H Verdoux, M C Smith-Fawzi
BACKGROUND: Previous findings have been mixed regarding the relationship between maternal depressive symptoms and child cognitive development. The objective of this study was to systematically review relevant literature and to perform a meta-analysis. METHOD: Three electronic databases (PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO) were searched. Initial screening was conducted independently by two reviewers. Studies selected for detailed review were read in full and included based on a set of criteria...
November 11, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829379/evidence-based-interventions-in-primary-care-following-acute-coronary-syndrome-in-australia-and-new-zealand-a-systematic-scoping-review
#20
Manavi M Bhagwat, John A Woods, Mithilesh Dronavalli, Sandra J Hamilton, Sandra C Thompson
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease has a significant disease burden, but there are many known barriers to management of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). General practitioners (GPs) bear considerable responsibility for post-discharge management of ACS in Australia and New Zealand (NZ), but knowledge about the extent and efficacy of such management is limited. This systematic review summarises published evidence from Australia and New Zealand regarding management in primary care after discharge following ACS...
November 9, 2016: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
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