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caudate feedforward

Shahin Nasr, Herminia D Rosas
: The caudate nucleus is a part of the visual corticostriatal loop (VCSL), receiving input from different visual areas and projecting back to the same cortical areas via globus pallidus, substantia nigra, and thalamus. Despite perceptual and navigation impairments in patients with VCSL disruption due to caudate atrophy (e.g., Huntington's disease, HD), the relevance of the caudate nucleus and VCSL on cortical visual processing is not fully understood. In a series of fMRI experiments, we found that the caudate showed a stronger functional connection to parahippocampal place area (PPA) compared with adjacent regions (e...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Anne L Foundas, Jeffrey R Mock, Renford Cindass, Dave M Corey
A temporal motor defect in speech preparation and/or planning may contribute to the development of stuttering. This defect may be linked to a dysfunctional cortical-subcortical network at the level of the striatum. To determine whether structural differences exist and whether group differences are associated with stuttering severity or manual laterality, the caudate was measured in 14 children who stutter (CWS) and in a control group of right-handed boys, ages 8-13 years. There was a statistically significant hemisphere by group effect for caudate volume...
April 2013: Perceptual and Motor Skills
M Beudel, R Renken, K L Leenders, B M de Jong
A link between perception of time and spatial change is particularly revealed in dynamic conditions. By fMRI, we identified regional segregation as well as overlap in activations related to spatial and temporal processing. Using spatial and temporal anticipation concerning movements of a ball provided a balanced paradigm for contrasting spatial and temporal conditions. In addition, momentary judgments were assessed. Subjects watched a monitor-display with a moving ball that repeatedly disappeared. Ordered in 4 conditions, they indicated either where or when the ball would hit the screen bottom, where it actually disappeared or what its speed was...
February 1, 2009: NeuroImage
Linda E Campbell, Matthew Hughes, Timothy W Budd, Gavin Cooper, W Ross Fulham, Frini Karayanidis, Mary-Claire Hanlon, Wendy Stojanov, Patrick Johnston, Vanessa Case, Ulrich Schall
Feedforward inhibition deficits have been consistently demonstrated in a range of neuropsychiatric conditions using prepulse inhibition (PPI) of the acoustic startle eye-blink reflex when assessing sensorimotor gating. While PPI can be recorded in acutely decerebrated rats, behavioural, pharmacological and psychophysiological studies suggest the involvement of a complex neural network extending from brainstem nuclei to higher order cortical areas. The current functional magnetic resonance imaging study investigated the neural network underlying PPI and its association with electromyographically (EMG) recorded PPI of the acoustic startle eye-blink reflex in 16 healthy volunteers...
October 2007: European Journal of Neuroscience
P Pasik, T Pasik, G R Holstein, J Hámori
An antibody raised in rabbits against a GABA-BSA conjugate was used together with the PAP technique to label elements in the neostriatum of three Old World monkeys. Light microscopy revealed numerous immunoreactive medium-size neurons of various staining intensities, some of which had indented nuclei, as well as an occasional large cell. The neuropil showed a plexus of fine processes with frequent puncta. Ultrastructurally, the medium-size GABA-positive neurons were of two types: one with smooth nuclei and scanty cytoplasm, similar to spiny I cells, the other with invaginated nuclear envelopes and more abundant perikaryon, resembling the aspiny type...
April 8, 1988: Journal of Comparative Neurology
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