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Complementary therapies

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727379/adjuvant-radiotherapy-for-the-primary-treatment-of-adrenocortical-carcinoma-are-we-offering-the-best
#1
Victor Srougi, Jose Bessa, Fabio Y Tanno, Amanda M Ferreira, Ana O Hoff, João E Bezerra, Cristiane M Almeida, Madson Q Almeida, Berenice B Mendonça, William C Nahas, Jose L Chambô, Miguel Srougi, Maria C B V Fragoso
PURPOSE: To evaluate the role of ARDT after surgical resection of ACC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Records of patients from our institutional ACC database were retrospectively assessed. A paired comparison analysis was used to evaluate the oncological outcomes between patients treated with surgery followed by ARDT or surgery only (control). The endpoints were LRFS, RFS, and OS. A systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis was also performed to evaluate local recurrence of ACC when ARDT was used...
June 14, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726133/iron-protects-porcine-plasma-coagulation-kinetics-from-degradation-by-crotalus-atrox-venom
#2
Christine S Olver, Vance G Nielsen
While the administration of antivenom to treat hemotoxic snake bite injury remains the gold standard of therapy, we have demonstrated that modifying human fibrinogen with iron and carbon monoxide renders it resistant to fibrinogenolytic snake venom enzymes. In order to translate these findings into a possible biometal-based therapy complementary to antivenom administration, a preclinical model that possesses fibrinogen that closely mimics the human molecule in response to iron and carbon monoxide needed to be identified...
July 19, 2017: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725594/weekly-ascorbic-acid-infusion-in-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-patients-a-single-arm-phase-ii-trial
#3
Torben K Nielsen, Martin Højgaard, Jon T Andersen, Niklas Rye Jørgensen, Bo Zerahn, Bent Kristensen, Trine Henriksen, Jens Lykkesfeldt, Kári J Mikines, Henrik E Poulsen
BACKGROUND: Ascorbic acid (AA) has in vivo cytotoxic properties at concentrations that can only be achieved through intravenous (IV) administration in humans. Treatment with intravenous AA is widely and increasingly used in complementary medicine despite a lack of clinical evidence for the efficacy of this treatment. METHODS: This non-comparative, single-center, phase II trial included patients with chemotherapy-naïve, metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) from an outpatient clinic to evaluate the efficacy and safety of IV AA therapy...
June 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725294/acupuncture-benefits-for-flammer-syndrome-in-individuals-with-inherited-diseases-of-the-retina
#4
Tilo Blechschmidt, Maike Krumsiek, Margarita G Todorova
BACKGROUND: Patients with inherited diseases of the retina (IRD) often exhibit signs and symptoms of Flammer syndrome (FS). Acupuncture treatment has shown its positive effect on visual function in patients with IRD. The aim of the present study is to examine the effect of acupuncture on signs and symptoms of FS in a cohort of patients suffering simultaneously FS and IRD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective pilot study was performed on 17 patients with FS and IRD: rod-cone dystrophy, Nr: 12 (RCD); cone-rod dystrophy, Nr: 3 (CRD) and inherited macular dystrophy, Nr: 2 (IMD; 12♀, 5♂; mean age: 44...
June 2017: EPMA Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724944/non-mono-exponential-analysis-of-diffusion-weighted-imaging-for-treatment-monitoring-in-prostate-cancer-bone-metastases
#5
Carolin Reischauer, René Patzwahl, Dow-Mu Koh, Johannes M Froehlich, Andreas Gutzeit
Diffusion-weighted imaging quantified using the mono-exponential model has shown great promise for monitoring treatment response in prostate cancer bone metastases. The aim of this prospective study is to evaluate whether non-mono-exponential diffusion models better describe the water diffusion properties and may improve treatment response assessment. Diffusion-weighted imaging data of 12 treatment-naïve patients with 34 metastases acquired before and at one, two, and three months after initiation of antiandrogen treatment are analysed using the mono-exponential, the intravoxel incoherent motion, the stretched exponential, and the statistical model...
July 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724796/host-interleukin-6-production-regulates-inflammation-but-not-tryptophan-metabolism-in-the-brain-during-murine-gvhd
#6
Ludovic Belle, Vivian Zhou, Kara L Stuhr, Margaret Beatka, Emily M Siebers, Jennifer M Knight, Michael W Lawlor, Casey Weaver, Misato Hashizume, Cecilia J Hillard, William R Drobyski
Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) induces pathological damage in peripheral target organs leading to well-characterized, organ-specific clinical manifestations. Patients with GVHD, however, can also have behavioral alterations that affect overall cognitive function, but the extent to which GVHD alters inflammatory and biochemical pathways in the brain remain poorly understood. In the current study, we employed complementary murine GVHD models to demonstrate that alloreactive donor T cells accumulate in the brain and affect a proinflammatory cytokine milieu that is associated with specific behavioral abnormalities...
July 20, 2017: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723722/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-use-and-symptom-burden-in-women-undergoing-chemotherapy-for-breast-cancer-in-malaysia
#7
Ping Lei Chui, Khatijah Lim Abdullah, Li Ping Wong, Nur Aishah Taib
BACKGROUND: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is commonly used for cancer- and chemotherapy-related symptoms. Nurses are likely to encounter many CAM users in their practice. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to assess CAM use and examine the symptom burden of CAM and non-CAM users among patients with breast cancer who are undergoing chemotherapy. METHODS: A CAM use questionnaire and the Side-Effect Burden Scale were administered to 546 patients...
July 14, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723694/exosomes-a-cancer-theranostics-road-map
#8
Angeliki Panagiotara, Athina Markou, Evi S Lianidou, George P Patrinos, Theodora Katsila
Interindividual variability is yet to be fully characterized, and for this, optimum patient stratification and companion diagnostics are still lacking. Especially when complex disease phenotypes and/or polygenic diseases are considered, patient monitoring and disease management become rather challenging, while acquired resistance to therapy and/or toxicity events are among the unmet needs in the clinic. No doubt, biomarkers are of great importance to disease management and tailor-made theranostics. Microfluidics has gathered great attention lately, mostly due to its low-invasive nature compared to tissue biopsies...
July 20, 2017: Public Health Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723520/bone-scan-index-as-an-imaging-biomarker-in-metastatic-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-a-multicentre-study-based-on-patients-treated-with-abiraterone-acetate-zytiga-in-clinical-practice
#9
Mariana Reza, Mattias Ohlsson, Reza Kaboteh, Aseem Anand, Ingela Franck-Lissbrant, Jan-Erik Damber, Anders Widmark, Camilla Thellenberg-Karlsson, Lars Budäus, Thomas Steuber, Till Eichenauer, Per Wollmer, Lars Edenbrandt, Elin Trägårdh, Anders Bjartell
BACKGROUND: Abiraterone acetate (AA) prolongs survival in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) patients. To measure treatment response accurately in bone, quantitative methods are needed. The Bone Scan Index (BSI), a prognostic imaging biomarker, reflects the tumour burden in bone as a percentage of the total skeletal mass calculated from bone scintigraphy. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the value of BSI as a biomarker for outcome evaluation in mCRPC patients on treatment with AA according to clinical routine...
December 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721818/eurycoma-longifolia-a-potential-phytomedicine-for-the-treatment-of-cancer-evidence-of-p53-mediated-apoptosis-in-cancerous-cells
#10
Hnin Ei Thu, Zahid Hussain, Isa Naina Mohamed, Ahmad Nazrun Shuid
BACKGROUND: Eurycoma longifolia is a well-documented herbal medicine that has gained widespread recognition due to its versatile pharmacological activities including anticancer, anti-malarial, antimicrobial, antioxidant, aphrodisiac, anti-inflammatory, anxiolytic, anti-diabetic, anti-rheumatism and anti-ulcer. Plethora of in vitro and in vivo studies evidenced their excellent anti-proliferative and anticancer efficacy against various types of human cancers. OBJECTIVE: This review was aimed to critically analyze the therapeutic viability and anticancer efficacy of Eurycoma longifolia in the treatment of cancer and also to propose its molecular and translational mechanism of cytotoxicity against cancerous cells...
July 18, 2017: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721645/is-cancer-information-exchanged-on-social-media-scientifically-accurate
#11
Elizabeth A Gage-Bouchard, Susan LaValley, Molli Warunek, Lynda Kwon Beaupin, Michelle Mollica
Cancer patients and their caregivers are increasingly using social media as a platform to share cancer experiences, connect with support, and exchange cancer-related information. Yet, little is known about the nature and scientific accuracy of cancer-related information exchanged on social media. We conducted a content analysis of 12 months of data from 18 publically available Facebook Pages hosted by parents of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (N = 15,852 posts) and extracted all exchanges of medically-oriented cancer information...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716463/combination-strategies-on-the-basis-of-immune-checkpoint-inhibitors-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-where-do-we-stand
#12
REVIEW
Meng Qiao, Tao Jiang, Shengxiang Ren, Caicun Zhou
The era of immune checkpoint inhibitors, especially programmed death-1 (PD-1)/programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) antibodies in the treatment of advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is coming. Because of the lack of the definite biomarkers to select the optimal responders, only approximately 20% of patients with advanced NSCLC would respond to single checkpoint inhibitors-based immunotherapy. Moreover, primary or acquired resistance to conventional therapies is inevitable in most cases. Thus, combinations are pushed to move forward to be an alternative strategy and surely, it would be a future direction...
June 23, 2017: Clinical Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716129/current-knowledge-on-feline-injection-site-sarcoma-treatment
#13
REVIEW
Katarzyna Zabielska-Koczywąs, Anna Wojtalewicz, Roman Lechowski
Feline injection-site sarcomas (FISS) are malignant skin tumours of mesenchymal origin, the treatment of which is a challenge for veterinary surgeons. The role of surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy in FISS treatment has been studied, and a correlation between "clean" surgical margins and disease-free survival has been shown. In addition, clean surgical margins are one of the most important factors for achieving a low recurrence rate. The most effective method of FISS treatment includes combining radical surgery with pre- or postoperative radiotherapy...
July 17, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716047/protocol-adherence-for-continuously-titrated-interventions-in-randomized-trials-an-overview-of-the-current-methodology-and-case-study
#14
F Lauzier, N K Adhikari, A Seely, K K Y Koo, E P Belley-Côté, K E A Burns, D J Cook, F D'Aragon, B Rochwerg, M E Kho, S J W Oczkowksi, E H Duan, M O Meade, A G Day, F Lamontagne
BACKGROUND: The standard definition for protocol adherence is the proportion of all scheduled doses that are delivered. In clinical research, this definition has several limitations when evaluating protocol adherence in trials that study interventions requiring continuous titration. DISCUSSION: Building upon a specific case study, we analyzed a recent trial of a continuously titrated intervention to assess the impact of different definitions of protocol deviations on the interpretation of protocol adherence...
July 17, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714031/effects-of-neuritin-on-the-differentiation-of-bone-marrow%C3%A2-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-into-neuron%C3%A2-like-cells
#15
Jingling Zhu, Pingping Meng, Qian Wang, Haiyan Wang, Jinli Zhang, Yuanyuan Li, Dongzheng Li, Xiaohua Tan, Lei Yang, Jin Huang
While the neurotrophic factor neuritin is known to be involved in neurodevelopment, the effects of this compound on cell differentiation remain unclear. The present study demonstrated that neuritin treatment induced the differentiation of rat bone marrow‑derived mesenchymal stem cells (rBM‑MSCs) into neuron‑like (NL) cells. For these analyses, rBM‑MSCs were incubated with 0.5 µg/ml neuritin for 24 h. Following induction, 27% of the rBM‑MSCs exhibited typical NL cell morphologies. Subsequently, NL cells were characterized by examining the expression of neuronal markers and by analysis of cell functions...
July 14, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711518/antagonism-of-the-5-ht6-receptor-preclinical-rationale-for-the-treatment-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#16
REVIEW
Inge E M de Jong, Arne Mørk
Antagonism of the 5-HT6 receptor is a promising approach for the symptomatic treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD). There is compelling preclinical evidence for the procognitive potential of 5-HT6 receptor antagonists and several compounds are in clinical development, as adjunct therapy to acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (AChEIs). This manuscript summarizes the scientific rationale for the use of 5-HT6 receptor antagonists as AD treatment, with some focus on the selective and high-affinity 5-HT6 receptor antagonist idalopirdine (Lu AE58054)...
July 12, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709569/selected-active-naturals-for-atopic-dermatitis-atopic-dermatitis-part-1
#17
Nanette B Silverberg
The desire for naturally derived agents is a growing trend for patients, physicians, and pharmaceutical companies. Studies indicate that complementary and alternative medicine is often used by patients and parents of children with atopic dermatitis, not necessarily with beneficial results. A half-dozen natural agents (ie, topical agents: coconut oil, colloidal oatmeal, sunflower oil, mustard oil, glycerin, and oral Chinese herbal therapy) are discussed because they have become popular for their expected activity in the therapy of atopic dermatitis...
July 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709077/phytonanotherapy-for-management-of-diabetes-using-green-synthesis-nanoparticles
#18
K Anand, C Tiloke, Pragalathan Naidoo, A A Chuturgoon
The world has a rich diversity of indigenous medicinal plants. The World Health Organization (WHO) gives high priority to eco-friendly, non-hazardous and cost effective healthcare such as the use of medicinal plants to treat various illnesses, including Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), tuberculosis (TB), diabetes mellitus (DM), malaria, and cancer. In developing countries, a high proportion of the population tends to use complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) together with conventional prescription drugs...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708415/assessing-the-effectiveness-of-yoga-as-a-complementary-and-alternative-treatment-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-a-review-and-synthesis
#19
Nicole A Sciarrino, Christian DeLucia, Kaitlin O'Brien, Kristen McAdams
OBJECTIVES: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a debilitating condition that affects many who have experienced trauma. In addition to skills-focused treatments, exposure-based treatments, cognitive therapy, combination treatments, and EMDR, a number of alternative treatments for PTSD have emerged in recent years. The search for alternative treatments is justified based on the empirical observation that a large percentage of individuals fail to benefit optimally from existing treatments (e...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707186/natural-oils-for-skin-barrier-repair-ancient-compounds-now-backed-by-modern-science
#20
REVIEW
Alexandra R Vaughn, Ashley K Clark, Raja K Sivamani, Vivian Y Shi
Natural plant oils are commonly used as topical therapy worldwide. They are usually easily accessible and are relatively inexpensive options for skin care. Many natural oils possess specific compounds with antimicrobial, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-itch properties, making them attractive alternative and complementary treatments for xerotic and inflammatory dermatoses associated with skin-barrier disruption. Unique characteristics of various oils are important when considering their use for topical skin care...
July 13, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
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