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Senem Akpınar, Halil İbrahim Açar, Ayhan Cömert, Bülent Şam, Alaittin Elhan
OBJECTIVE: The present study was performed on cadavers to evaluate the efficacy of the different supraclavicular block techniques (Vongvises, Dalens, plumb-bob and inter-SCM) by investigating the location of the needle tip on the brachial plexus and to determine the most suitable block techniques according to the site of the surgery. METHODS: The study was performed on one embalmed and nine fresh cadavers. After the dissection, the skin of the cadavers was restored in its original position...
August 2016: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
Wi-Gyeong Gwon, Eun-Ji Joung, Mi-Sung Kwon, Su-Jin Lim, Tadanobu Utsuki, Hyeung-Rak Kim
Vascular inflammation is a key factor in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. The purpose of this study was to investigate the protective effects of sargachromenol (SCM) against tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α-induced vascular inflammation. SCM decreased the expression of cell adhesion molecules, including intracellular adhesion molecule-1 and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, in TNF-α-stimulated human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), resulted in reduced adhesion of monocytes to HUVECs. SCM also decreased the production of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 and matrix metalloproteinase-9 in TNF-α-induced HUVECs...
November 27, 2016: International Immunopharmacology
Lukasz Matuszewski, Damian Pietrzyk, Grzegorz Kandzierski, Michal Wilczynski
Unilateral congenital sternocleidomastoid muscle (SCM) contracture causing torticollis is well known. Although the unilateral muscular torticollis is quite often recognized, a bilateral contracture of SCM muscle is very rare. A review of the literature showed only three cases of bilateral congenital torticollis reported over the last two decades. We present a case report of a boy with congenital bilateral torticollis with 25 years of follow-up. Bilateral tenotomies of the right SCM were performed and the child was immobilized in Schanz's cervical orthosis...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
Kosuke Wakata, Mohammad Razaul Karim, Ryo Ohtani, Masaaki Nakamura, Michio Koinuma, Shinya Hayami
Insertion of 3-hydroxypropanesulfonicacid (HPS) at graphene oxide (GO) interlayer results in high proton conductivity (10-2 - 10-1 Scm-1) due to the improvement in oxygen content, interlayer distance and water absorbing capacity. This result indicates that hydroxyalkylsulfonicacid can be a perfect guest molecules for improving the proton conductivity of carbon materials.
November 25, 2016: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
Daren R Anderson, Ianita Zlateva, Emil N Coman, Khushbu Khatri, Terrence Tian, Robert D Kerns
PURPOSE: Treating pain in primary care is challenging. Primary care providers (PCPs) receive limited training in pain care and express low confidence in their knowledge and ability to manage pain effectively. Models to improve pain outcomes have been developed, but not formally implemented in safety net practices where pain is particularly common. This study evaluated the impact of implementing the Stepped Care Model for Pain Management (SCM-PM) at a large, multisite Federally Qualified Health Center...
2016: Journal of Pain Research
Fu-Rong Xiu, Huiwei Weng, Yingying Qi, Gending Yu, Zhigang Zhang, Fu-Shen Zhang, Mengjun Chen
In this study, supercritical methanol (SCM) process was successfully used for the preparation of ultrafine copper materials from waste printed circuit boards (PCBs) after nitric acid pretreatment. Waste PCBs were pretreated twice in nitric acid. Sn and Pb were recovered by the first nitric acid pretreatment. The leach liquor with a high concentration of copper ions after the second nitric acid leaching was subjected to SCM process. The mixture of Cu and Cu2O with poor uniformity of particle size was formed due to the effect of ferric iron contained in the leach liquor of waste PCBs, while more uniform and spherical Cu particles with high monodispersity and smaller size could be prepared after the removal of Fe...
November 19, 2016: Waste Management
Adrian Stanciu, J Christopher Cohrs, Katja Hanke, Alin Gavreliuc
There is little and unsystematic evidence about whether the content of stereotypes can vary within a culture. Using the Stereotype Content Model (SCM) as a theoretical framework, in two studies we examined the content of stereotypes in an Eastern European culture, namely Romania. Data were collected from four regions prototypical in terms of economic and social development in Romania, and we examined whether the content of stereotypes varies across these regions. As expected, the findings confirm the applicability of the SCM in Romania to reveal culture-specific stereotypes, and provide initial support for within-culture variation in the content of stereotypes...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Social Psychology
Yan-Qing Wang, Qi Yue, En-Qing Gao
A family of isomorphous three-dimensional metal-organic frameworks based on bimetallic (FeCo, FeNi, and CoNi) chains with random metal sites have been prepared and magnetically characterized. The solid-solution-type bimetallic materials inherit from the homometallic parent materials intrachain ferromagnetic interactions and single-chain-magnet (SCM) behaviors. Interestingly, different composition dependence of magnetic behaviors has been found. The FeII1-xNiIIx series (0 < x < 1) show an innocent composition dependence, where the blocking temperature of slow relaxation decreases monotonically as Fe(II) is replaced by less anisotropic Ni(II)...
November 15, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
William J LaBarre, David R Ownby, Kevin J Rader, Steven M Lev, Ryan E Casey
This study evaluated the ability of two different bioretention stormwater control measures (SCMs), planter boxes and swales, to decrease the toxicity of sheet copper (Cu) roofing runoff to Daphnia magna. This study quantified changes in stormwater chemistry as it passed through the bioretention systems. The study also utilized the biotic ligand model (BLM) to assess whether the observed D. magna toxicity could be predicted by observed variations in water chemistry. Laboratory toxicity tests were performed using select storm samples with D...
November 17, 2016: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Jing Tian, Dengfeng Peng, Xia Wu, Wei Li, Hongbing Deng, Shilin Liu
In many revolutions of the cellulose based conductive materials, the most significant one was the developed material could be either directly used as a working electrode or used as the underlying substrate for the electrochemical deposition metal electrodes. In this work, an in situ polymerization of aniline monomer onto the porous structured cellulose scaffolds has been carried out, and then electrodeposition of Ag nanoparticles on the obtained conductive composites directly by using it as electrode. The Ag nanoparticles were deposited homogeneously on the matrix of polyaniline (PANI)/cellulose gels...
January 20, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
Prabhav Aggarwal, Sonali Bhattar, Satyendra Kumar Sahani, Preena Bhalla
OBJECTIVE: WHO and NACO recommend treatment of STIs/RTIs on the basis syndromic case management (SCM), even without laboratory confirmation, which may lead to over-treatment. Thus, this study was conducted to evaluate the utility of laboratory diagnosis for confirmation of patients with vaginal discharge diagnosed on the basis of SCM. METHODOLOGY: 234 married women in reproductive age group, diagnosed as having vaginal discharge syndrome were included. Normal saline wet-mount slide preparations were made for detection of motile trichomonads...
October 2016: International Journal of Health Sciences
Kangping Zhong, Xian Zhou, Yiguang Wang, Liang Wang, Jinhui Yuan, Changyuan Yu, Alan Pak Tao Lau, Chao Lu
In this paper, we experimentally demonstrated an IM/DD short reach transmission system with a total capacity of 608Gbit/s (net capacity of 565.4Gbit/s exclude 7% FEC overhead) employing half-cycle 16QAM Nyquist-SCM signal and 25Gbps EML at O band. Direct detection-faster than Nyquist (DD-FTN) technique was employed to compensate channel impairments. Number of taps of DD-LMS and tap coefficient of post filter in DD-FTN were experimentally studied for different baud rates. Single-lane 152Gbit/s transmission over 10km of SSMF was experimentally demonstrated...
October 31, 2016: Optics Express
Edouard Tuaillon, Johanes Viljoen, Pierre Dujols, Gilles Cambonie, Pierre-Alain Rubbo, Nicolas Nagot, Ruth M Bland, Stéphanie Badiou, Marie-Louise Newell, Philippe Van de Perre
BACKGROUND: Subclinical mastitis (SCM) is a frequent, but poorly characterized entity that may influence immune development of breastfed infants. Mechanisms driving the emergence of SCM and changes in immunological content of human milk during SCM remains to be explored. In this study, the breast milk environment was to describe during SCM. METHODS: One hundred ten samples of mature breast milk were collected from 44 healthy, HIV negative mothers, included in a large infant feeding intervention cohort (ANRS 1271/Vertical Transmission Study)...
November 4, 2016: Pediatric Research
Ewan Kennedy, Michael Albert, Helen Nicholson
PURPOSE: The fascicular morphology of the sternocleidomastoid (SCM) is not well described in modern anatomical texts, and the biomechanical forces it exerts on individual cervical motion segments are not known. The purpose of this study is to investigate the fascicular anatomy and peak force capabilities of the SCM combining traditional dissection and modern imaging. METHODS: This study is comprised of three parts: Dissection, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and biomechanical modelling...
November 2, 2016: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Erfanul Saker, Marios Loukas, Christian Fisahn, Rod J Oskouian, R Shane Tubbs
INTRODUCTION: Our appreciation and understanding of what is now known as the split cord malformation (SCM) have a long history. The oldest known example of SCM is from roughly AD 100. Other isolated examples can be found in the large body of work of the pathologists of the 1800s, where the SCMs were found incidentally during autopsies. CONCLUSIONS: SCM has a rich history and has intrigued physicians for over 200 years. Many well-known figures from the past such as Chiari and von Recklinghausen, both pathologists, made early postmortem descriptions of SCM...
2017: Pediatric Neurosurgery
Anthony L Desbien, Natasha Dubois Cauwelaert, Steven J Reed, Hilton R Bailor, Hong Liang, Darrick Carter, Malcolm S Duthie, Christopher B Fox, Steven G Reed, Mark T Orr
Designing modern vaccine adjuvants depends on understanding the cellular and molecular events that connect innate and adaptive immune responses. The synthetic TLR4 agonist glycopyranosyl lipid adjuvant (GLA) formulated in a squalene-in-water emulsion (GLA-SE) augments both cellular and humoral immune responses to vaccine Ags. This adjuvant is currently included in several vaccines undergoing clinical evaluation including those for tuberculosis, leishmaniasis, and influenza. Delineation of the mechanisms of adjuvant activity will enable more informative evaluation of clinical trials...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Ying Lin, Shuai Huang, Gregory E Simon, Shan Liu
BACKGROUND: Depression is a common, complex, and dynamic mental disorder. Mitigating depression has become a national health priority as it affects 1 out of 10 American adults and is the most common mental illness seen in primary care. The emerging use of electronic health record (EHR) provides an unprecedented information infrastructure to understand depression trajectories. OBJECTIVE: We aim to effectively analyze patterns in the collected depression trajectories of a treatment population and compare several methods to predict individual trajectories for monitoring treatment outcomes...
December 2016: Mathematical Biosciences
Lorenzo Toffoletti, Holger Kirchhain, Johannes Landesfeind, Wilhelm Klein, Leo van Wüllen, Hubert A Gasteiger, Thomas F Fässler
The need to improve electrodes and Li-ion conducting materials for rechargeable all-solid-state batteries has drawn enhanced attention to the investigation of lithium-rich compounds. The study of the ternary system Li-Si-P revealed a series of new compounds, two of which, Li8 SiP4 and Li2 SiP2 , are presented. Both phases represent members of a new family of Li ion conductors that display Li ion conductivity in the range from 1.15(7)×10(-6) Scm(-1) at 0 °C to 1.2(2)×10(-4) Scm(-1) at 75 °C (Li8 SiP4 ) and from 6...
October 27, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
Yuan Zhou, Anand Rangarajan, Paul D Gader
The normal compositional model (NCM) has been extensively used in hyperspectral unmixing. However, previous research has mostly focused on estimation of endmembers and/or their variability, based on the assumption that the pixels are independent random variables. In this paper, we show that this assumption does not hold if all the pixels are generated by a fixed endmember set. This introduces another concept, endmember uncertainty, which is related to whether the pixels fit into the endmember simplex. To further develop this idea, we derive the NCM from the ground up without the pixel independence assumption, along with (i) using different noise levels at different wavelengths and (ii) using a spatial and sparsity promoting prior for the abundances...
October 18, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
M Josick Comarmond, Robin Steudtner, Madlen Stockmann, Karsten Heim, Katharina Müller, Vinzenz Brendler, Timothy E Payne, Harald Foerstendorf
The ternary system containing aqueous U(VI), aqueous phosphate and solid SiO2 was comprehensively investigated using a batch sorption technique, in situ attenuated total reflection Fourier-transform infrared (ATR FT-IR) spectroscopy, time-resolved luminescence spectroscopy (TRLS), and surface complexation modeling (SCM). The batch sorption studies on silica gel (10 g/L) in the pH range 2.5 to 5 showed no significant increase in U(VI) uptake in the presence of phosphate at equimolar concentration of 20 μM, but significant increase in U(VI) uptake was observed for higher phosphate concentrations...
October 18, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
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