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Genital tuberculosis

Fatma Nur Korkmaz, Gulsen Ozen, Ali Uğur Ünal, Pınar Kahraman Koytak, Nese Tuncer, Haner Direskeneli
Abstract/ Resumo Behcet's disease (BD) is a multisystem inflammatory disorder characterized by recurrent oral and genital ulcers, skin lesions and uveitis. The nervous system involvement of BD, neuro-Behcet's disease (NBD), is one of the important causes of mortality of the disease. Herein, we present a 29-year-old male with parenchymal NBD who has progressed rapidly and was managed with an uncommon aggressive immunosuppresive combination therapy. The patient first presented six years ago with vertigo and difficulty in talking and walking...
September 28, 2016: Acta Reumatológica Portuguesa
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Non-fatal outcomes of disease and injury increasingly detract from the ability of the world's population to live in full health, a trend largely attributable to an epidemiological transition in many countries from causes affecting children, to non-communicable diseases (NCDs) more common in adults. For the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 (GBD 2015), we estimated the incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for diseases and injuries at the global, regional, and national scale over the period of 1990 to 2015...
October 8, 2016: Lancet
Luthra A M
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Alpana Singh, Garima Vats, A G Radhika, Pragati Meena, Gita Radhakrisnan
Xanthogranuloma is a non-neoplastic presentation of chronic inflammation commonly seen in gallbladder, kidney and rarely seen in genital organs. Only one case has been reported in cervix. Here, we report a case of 60-year-old postmenopausal lady who presented with history of fever and purulent discharge per-vaginum. On speculum examination, cervix had an ulcer extending from 3 to 5 o'clock position. Uterus was bulky. On probing the ulcer, a 1-cm deep sinus was identified. Ultrasound showed enlarged uterus and fluid collection suggestive of pyometra...
September 2016: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
Raditya Perdhana, Sutrisno Sutrisno, Yani Jane Sugiri, Siti Candra Windu Baktiyani, Arsana Wiyasa
Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease which can affect various organs, including human's genital organs such as the endometrium. Tuberculosis endometritis can cause clinical symptoms of secondary amenorrhea and infertility. Infertility in genital TB caused by the involvement of the endometrium. The case presentation is 33-year-old woman from dr. Saiful Anwar Public Hospital to consult that she has not menstruated since 5 years ago (28 years old). The diagnosis was done by performing a clinical examination until the diagnosis of secondary amenorrhea due to tuberculosis endometritis is obtained...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
S Sethi, L Dhaliwal, P Dey, H Kaur, R Yadav, S Sethi
BACKGROUND: Female genital tuberculosis (FGTB) has a profound impact on the reproductive health of patients including infertility. Conventional diagnostic techniques have low sensitivity and specificity as well as long turnaround time. There is a need of developing newer, rapid and practically adaptable technique, especially in low-income countries. OBJECTIVE: To standardize and evaluate loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) technique for diagnosis of FGTB...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
A Franco-Sansaloni, J Vizcaíno-Torres, J Gaona-Morales, D Estellés-Morant, J Antonio-Serrano
BACKGROUND: In the last years has been an increase in cases of tu- berculosis, representing a global health problem that is also reflected in an increased of cases in pregnant population. Especially in developed countries has been observed a direct relation with VIH patients,and groups of immigrants from countries where the infection is endemic. Tuberculous disease during pregnancy presents good outcome if it is diagnosed and treated properly. CASE REPORT: We present the case of a romanian patient with uncon- trolled 23 weeks gestation that enters with the suspicion of chorioam- nionitis and after late septic miscarriage and clinical sepsis criteria, leaks out of the hospital reentering with signs of neurologic involvement and pelviperitonitis as a result of genital tuberculous...
May 2016: Ginecología y Obstetricia de México
Jai B Sharma, Neeta Singh, Sona Dharmendra, Urvashi B Singh, Vanamail P, Sunesh Kumar, K K Roy, Smriti Hari, V Iyer, S K Sharma
OBJECTIVE: To compare six months versus nine months anti-tuberculous therapy in patients of female genital tuberculosis. STUDY DESIGN: It was a randomized controlled trial in a tertiary referral center teaching institute on 175 women presenting with infertility and found to have female genital tuberculosis on clinical examination and investigations. Group I women (86 women) were given 9 months of intermitted anti-tuberculous therapy under directly observed treatment short course (DOTS) strategy while Group II (89 women) were given 6 months of anti-tuberculous therapy under DOTS...
August 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Jai Bhagwan Sharma
Female genital tuberculosis (FGTB) is an important cause of infertility in developing countries. Various type of TB salpingitis can be endosalpingitis, exosalpingitis, interstitial TB salpingitis, and salpingitis isthmica nodosa. The fallopian tubes are thickened enlarged and tortuous. Unilateral or bilateral hydrosalpinx or pyosalpinx may be formed. A new sign python sign is presented in which fallopian tube looks like a blue python on dye testing in FGTB.
July 2016: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
Mehmet Doganay, Hayati Demiraslan
After the Arab Spring uprising, Syria descended into a civil war in 2011. By March 2016, the United Nations reported that 13.5 million Syrians required humanitarian assistance, including 6.6 million internally displaced persons and more than 4.8 million refugees outside of Syria. Turkey is currently hosting the largest number of Syrian refugees-more than 2.7 million. A limited number of refugees are living in camps settled around the border, and others are spread throughout Turkey. This explosive and unexpected increase in the Syrian population in Turkey has had several negative impacts on health and social determinants...
July 2016: Health Security
Charles Mariara, Angela Koech, Peter Waweru, Alfred Murage
BACKGROUND: Asymptomatic female genital tuberculosis can impair tubal and endometrial function and later present as subfertility. A majority of the patients with genital tuberculosis in endemic regions present with subfertility and the delay in presentation, coupled with the potential the disease has in mimicking other gynecological conditions, renders it elusive. In addition to the challenge of diagnosing genital tuberculosis, fertility outcomes after treatment are not impressive. This is particularly so in the background of another confounding subfertility factor to which interventional efforts may initially be directed, at the expense of undiagnosed genital tuberculosis...
2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
A G Radhika, Sruthi Bhaskaran, Namita Saran, Sunil Gupta, Gita Radhakrishnan
The prevalence of female genital tuberculosis (FGTB) in India has been estimated to be about 19%. Despite an array of diagnostic tests being available, the goal of early diagnosis and treatment remains elusive. The present study was planned to identify better diagnostic tests for early detection of FGTB and also to compare their diagnostic accuracy with the existing standard diagnostic tests in three subsets of gynaecological conditions (infertility, menstrual abnormalities and pelvic inflammatory disease)...
May 16, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Maryam Eftekhar, Soheila Pourmasumi, Parvin Sabeti, Abbas Aflatoonian, Mohammad Hasan Sheikhha
BACKGROUND: Genital tuberculosis (GTB) is an important cause of female infertility, especially in developing countries. The positive results of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in endometrial GTB in the absence of tubal damage raise the possibility of the detection of sub-clinical or latent disease, with doubtful benefits of treatment. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in endometrial biopsy samples collected from unexplained infertile women attending Yazd Research and Clinical Center for Infertility by using PCR techniques...
December 2015: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
Milan Kumar Taye, Syed Abul Fazal, David Pegu, Dayanada Saikia
INTRODUCTION: Safe placement of the Verres needle or the primary trocar for establishment of pneumoperitoneum is the most critical step in laparoscopic procedure as it is associated with bowel, bladder and life threatening vascular injuries and embolism. In the last few decades many techniques and guidelines have been introduced to eliminate complications in creation of pneumoperitoneum. Classical closed technique (Verres needle) and the open classic technique (Hasson) are the most commonly used techniques for creation of pneumoperitoneum...
February 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
J Wanyoike-Gichuhi, R Parkar
Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis. It remains a public health concern especially in developing country. Pulmonary infection is the main presentation. However, genitourinary TB is common especially with the increase in Human Immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Genitourinary TB is one of the most common causes of extrapulmonary tuberculosis which affects 12% patients with pulmonary tuberculosis. It is common in women less than 40 years of age and rarely occurs in post-menopausal. Therefore it is more likely to affect women in reproductive years leading to infertility...
November 2014: East African Medical Journal
J Wanyoike-Gichuhi, R Parkar
Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis. It remains a public health concern especially in developing country. Pulmonary infection is the main presentation. However, genitourinary TB is common especially with the increase in Human Immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Genitourinary TB is one of the most common causes of extrapulmonary tuberculosis which affects 12% patients with pulmonary tuberculosis. It is common in women less than 40 years of age and rarely occurs in post-menopausal. Therefore it is more likely to affect women in reproductive years leading to infertility...
November 2014: East African Medical Journal
A V Osadchy, E V Kulchavenya
Tuberculosis remains an important medical and socio-demographic problem. Chronic inflammation of the prostate gland--of both non- specific and tuberculous etiology--reduces the quality of the ejaculate; this in the initial low level of fertility in a population can have dramatic effects. Infertility can be the first symptom prompting the patient to visit a doctor; and patient is diagnosed with tuberculosis after survey. However, the influence of tuberculosis of the prostate on the functional parameters of ejaculate has not been studied...
September 2015: Urologii︠a︡
E Subramani, M Jothiramajayam, M Dutta, D Chakravorty, M Joshi, S Srivastava, A Mukherjee, C Datta Ray, B N Chakravarty, K Chaudhury
STUDY QUESTION: Does investigation of metabolic perturbations in endometrial tissue of women with dormant genital tuberculosis (GTB) during the window of implantation (WOI) assist in improving the understanding of endometrial receptivity? SUMMARY ANSWER: In dormant GTB cases significant alterations in endometrial tissue metabolites occur, largely related to energy metabolism and amino acid biosynthesis in dormant GTB cases. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: As an intracellular pathogen, Mycobacterium tuberculosis strongly influences the metabolism of host cells causing metabolic dysregulation...
April 2016: Human Reproduction
E Kulchavenya, S Dubrovina
Tuberculosis is a disease with myriad presentations and manifestations; it can affect any organ or tissue, excluding only hair and nails. Doctors who are not familiar with extrapulmonary tuberculosis often overlook this disease. Urogenital tuberculosis (UGTB) is the second most common form of TB in countries with severe epidemic situation and the third most common form in regions with low incidence of TB. The term "Urogenital tuberculosis" includes kidney tuberculosis; male and female tuberculosis and urinary tract tuberculosis as complication of kidney tuberculosis...
2014: IDCases
S Errarhay, N Hmidani, H Fatmi, H Saadi, C Bouchikhi, A Amarti, A Banani
We report the case of a menopausal 74-year-old patient who presents pyorrhoea for 6months. We suspect initially a carcinoma process, but the anatomopathological examination takings obtained by biopsy curettage of the endometrial under hysteroscopy is in favor of an inflammatory infiltrate with epithelioid and giant cells of type Langhans and type Muller without caseous necrosis. The bacteriological direct examination after coloring of Gram, Ziehl-Neelsen and Sabouraud was negative. The bacteriological culture in the Löewenstein and Coletsos environment identified Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
June 2013: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
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