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Genital tuberculosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207705/serum-vitamin-d-level-as-a-risk-factor-for-female-genital-tuberculosis-fgtb
#1
Swati Gautam, Amita Jain, Salman Akhtar, Apala Priyadarshini, Shyam Pyari Jaiswar
Introduction: Vitamin D is now known to be essential to Mycobacterium tuberculosis containment and killing through activation of 25-hydroxyvitamin-D receptors (VDRs) present on all immune cells or obtained from dietary food stuffs as either vitamin D3 or vegetable vitamin D2 (also known as ergocalciferol). Aim: To evaluate the association of serum vitamin D level between the Female Genital Tuberculosis (FGTB) cases and healthy controls. Materials and Methods: Total 120 cases and 120 controls enrolled for the study following inclusion and exclusion criteria...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202851/female-genital-tuberculosis-and-infertility-serial-cases-report-in-bandung-indonesia-and-literature-review
#2
Tono Djuwantono, Wiryawan Permadi, Leri Septiani, Ahmad Faried, Danny Halim, Ida Parwati
BACKGROUND: Female genital tuberculosis (FGTB) is a Mycobacterium infection in the reproductive organs which often leads to infertility. FGTB is either asymptomatic or causes uncharacteristic clinical presentations, making an early diagnosis is challenging. Our aims were to evaluate the clinical presentations, the process to confirm the diagnosis and followed-up the patients who had undergone laparoscopy at our center. FGTB has been reported from many countries, but has never been reported from Indonesia...
December 4, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135150/-chronic-course-of-latent-urogenital-tuberculosis
#3
A V Lysov, V A Okhlopkov, A V Mordyk, L V Puzyreva, E M Shestak, I G Martynov
This is a case report of an elderly patient with urogenital tuberculosis and concurrent tuberculosis of peripheral inguinal lymph nodes. The disease manifested by a fistulous form of inguinal lymphadenitis for 10 years and spread to the kidneys and genitals, but the patient did not seek medical attention. Changes on the glans penis prompted him to consult dermatovenereologist. Due to ineffective treatment and uncovering the scar in the inguinal area the patient was send to an anti-tuberculosis institution, where he was diagnosed with tuberculosis involving the kidneys, prostate, epididymis, penis, inguinal lymph nodes...
October 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095300/rare-esophageal-ulcers-related-to-beh%C3%A3-et-disease-a-case-report
#4
Ning Jia, Yanping Tang, Huayi Liu, Yang Li, Simiao Liu, Lei Liu
RATIONALE: The fundamental pathogenesis of Behçet disease (BD) is still unclear and controversial. Many cases of oral aphthous ulcers and genital ulcers related to BD are reported; nevertheless, idiopathic giant esophageal ulcers related to BD are rare. A rare case for esophageal ulcers related to BD is presented. PATIENT CONCERNS: In China, BD is represented with esophageal involvement which is called esophageal BD (EBD). DIAGNOSES: A 56-year-old man diagnosed to the Gastroenterology Department of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine Hospital, for multiple discrete, elliptical esophageal ulcers related to BD...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076692/genital-tuberculosis-mimicking-carcinoma-ovary-can-ultrasound-guided-biopsy-be-a-resolution
#5
Nosheen Akhtar, Zartaj Hayat, Fatima Nazim
Genital tuberculosis mimicking carcinoma ovary is a well-known dilemma as there is no definitive serological or imaging modality for diagnosing abdominopelvic tuberculosis. A 20-years-old unmarried girl presented with complex adnexal mass, mild ascites and CA 125 >1000. Her staging laparotomy and frozen section was planned. Laparotomy revealed miliary tuberculosis and frozen section confirmed the diagnosis of tuberculosis. Patient was started with anti-tuberculosis treatment and follow up showed resolution of cysts...
July 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990409/hiv-primary-care-by-the-infectious-disease-physician-in-the-united-states-extending-the-continuum-of-care
#6
Seetha Lakshmi, Susan E Beekmann, Philip M Polgreen, Allan Rodriguez, Maria L Alcaide
Models of care for people living with HIV (PLWH) have varied over time due to long term survival, development of HIV-associated non-AIDS conditions, and HIV specific primary care guidelines that differ from those of the general population. The objectives of this study are to assess how often infectious disease (ID) physicians provide primary care for PLWH, assess their practice patterns and barriers in the provision of primary care. We used a 6-item survey electronically distributed to ID physician members of Emerging Infections Network (EIN)...
October 9, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862174/genital-tuberculosis-in-females
#7
REVIEW
G Angeline Grace, D Bella Devaleenal, Mohan Natrajan
The morbidity and mortality due to tuberculosis (TB) is high worldwide, and the burden of disease among women is significant, especially in developing countries. Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacilli reach the genital tract primarily by haematogenous spread and dissemination from foci outside the genitalia with lungs as the common primary focus. Genital TB in females is a chronic disease with low-grade symptoms. The fallopian tubes are affected in almost all cases of genital TB, and along with endometrial involvement, it causes infertility in patients...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820423/-risk-factors-and-special-aspects-forgenital-tuberculosis-diagnostics
#8
G Lortkipanidze, N Kintraia, K Vacharadze, F Tsaava
Was examined 453 women, who applied to National Center for Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases for genital tuberculosis diagnostics. GTB was detected in 289 cases, in 164 cases GTB results was negative (control group). In 10 cases GTB was combined with pulmonary tuberculosis (OR-1,13). Risk factors are previous diseases of female reproductive organs- intracellular infection (OR-1,08), sexually transmitted diseases (OR-1,25), nonspecific inflammatory diseases (OR-1,009), interruption of pregnancy (OR-1,26), artificial abortions (OR-1,11), the most specific signs of Genital Tuberculosis is a pain in the stomach area (P-0,023), dysmenorrhoea (P-0,00001), intestinal obstruction (P-0,0006), heat (P-0,00001), liquid presence in posterior vault (P-0,007), hydrosalpinx (P-0,00001), Fallopian tubes deformation (P-0,000003), oophoritic cyst (P-0,067), adhesive process in small pelvis (P-0,0006)...
July 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808611/red-snappers-and-red-herrings-pelvic-tuberculosis-causing-elevated-ca-125-and-mimicking-advanced-ovarian-cancer-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#9
Johnnie Alphonse Yates, Olivia Ann Collis, Thanasak Sueblinvong, Tarquin Kamakana Collis
Female genital tuberculosis (FGTB) is a form of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis that has been primarily described in developing countries, where it is an important cause of infertility, ectopic pregnancy, and miscarriage. FGTB is rare in the United States and because its clinical presentation is non-specific and often insidious, FGTB may be misdiagnosed as a gynecologic malignancy or endometriosis. The tendency of tuberculosis to dramatically increase serum CA 125 levels contributes to the potential for FGTB to be mistaken for ovarian cancer in particular...
August 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709484/concomitant-female-genital-tuberculosis-and-endometriosis
#10
Jai Bhagwan Sharma, Manu Goyal, Sunesh Kumar, Kallol Kumar Roy, Eshani Sharma, Raksha Arora
AIMS: To demonstrate an association between female genital tuberculosis (FGTB) and endometriosis. METHODS: A total of 16 women who underwent laparoscopy (12 cases) or laparotomy (4 cases) and were found to have female genital tuberculosis and endometriosis were enrolled in this retrospective study. RESULTS: The mean age and parity were 28.2 years and 0.2, respectively. Past history of tuberculosis was present in 75% of the women (pulmonary in 50%)...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638075/mycobacterial-heat-shock-protein-65-mediated-metabolic-shift-in-decidualization-of-human-endometrial-stromal-cells
#11
Elavarasan Subramani, Arun Prabhu Rameshbabu, Manivannan Jothiramajayam, Bhuvaneshwaran Subramanian, Debangana Chakravorty, Gunja Bose, Mamata Joshi, Chaitali Datta Ray, Indrani Lodh, Ratna Chattopadhyay, Sudipto Saha, Anita Mukherjee, Santanu Dhara, Baidyanath Chakravarty, Koel Chaudhury
Successful implantation is dependent on the appropriate decidualization of endometrial stromal cells for the establishment of pregnancy in women. Mycobacterial heat shock protein 65 (HSP65) is involved in pathogenesis of the genital tuberculosis (GTB), one of the common causes of infertility in emerging countries. Though implantation failure appears to be the major cause, understanding the status of decidualizaiton process in women diagnosed with GTB has not been thoroughly addressed. We, therefore, explored the effect of HSP65 protein on the endometrial cell metabolism during in vitro decidualization...
June 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546673/sharma-s-kissing-fallopian-tubes-sign-a-new-tubal-sign-in-female-genital-tuberculosis
#12
Jai B Sharma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540230/genital-tuberculosis-current-status-of-diagnosis-and-management
#13
REVIEW
Siddharth Yadav, Prabhjot Singh, Ashok Hemal, Rajeev Kumar
Genitourinary Tuberculosis (GUTB) is the second most common extra-pulmonary manifestation of tuberculosis (Tb) and an isolated involvement of genital organs is reported in 5-30% of the cases. Genital involvement results from primary reactivation of latent bacilli either in the epididymis or the prostate or by secondary spread from the already infected urinary organs. The epididymis are the commonest involved organs affected primarily by a hematogenous mode of spread. Tb is characterized by extensive destruction and fibrosis, thus an early diagnosis may prevent function and organ loss...
April 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404534/prevalence-of-female-genital-tuberculosis-its-risk-factors-and-associated-clinical-features-among-the-women-of-andaman-islands-india-a-community-based-study
#14
R Parvez, A P Sugunan, P Vijayachari, S P Burma, A Mandal, M K Saha, W A Shah
OBJECTIVE: There is scarcity of information on the prevalence of female genital tuberculosis (FGTB) in the community. The present study was carried out to estimate the prevalence of FGTB, its risk factors and associated clinical features. STUDY DESIGN: Community-based cross-sectional survey. METHODS: This study was carried during October 2011 and May 2014 in the Andaman Islands. A total of 13,300 women aged 20-59 years were primarily screened using a structured questionnaire...
July 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399708/tuberculosis-of-the-glans-penis-an-important-differential-diagnosis-of-genital-ulcer-disease
#15
Archana Singal, Deepika Pandhi, Vandana Kataria, Vinod K Arora
We report a 45-year-old, apparently healthy sero-negative man, presenting with multiple ulcers on the glans penis for a duration of three months. There was no significant inguinal lymphadenopathy. He showed no improvement on systemic antibiotics and acyclovir. Histopathology revealed the diagnosis of genital tuberculosis (TB), and polymerase chain reaction for Mycobacterium tuberculosis tested positive. The patient responded well to category I anti-tubercular treatment with complete resolution of lesions in six months...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325694/simultaneous-miliary-and-genital-tuberculosis
#16
María Montes Ruiz-Cabello, Emilio Guirao Arrabal, Leonardo Mauro Aisa Denaroso
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Archivos de Bronconeumología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317811/performance-of-the-xpert-mtb-rif-assay-in-the-diagnosis-of-tuberculosis-in-formalin-fixed-paraffin-embedded-tissues
#17
Pascal Polepole, Mwila Kabwe, Mpanga Kasonde, John Tembo, Aaron Shibemba, Justin O'Grady, Nathan Kapata, Alimuddin Zumla, Matthew Bates
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB), which accounts for 10%-40% of the global burden of TB, with the highest incidence in Sub-Saharan Africa, is strongly associated with human immunodeficiency virus infection. Diagnosing EPTB is challenging, and recently, there has been a concerted effort to evaluate the latest molecular diagnostics for diagnosing TB in a range of specimen types. The Xpert MTB/RIF assay (Cepheid, Sunnyvale, CA, USA) is one such technology, which simultaneously detects Mycobacterium tuberculosis and rifampicin resistance...
January 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260763/a-retrospective-histopathological-study-on-extra-pulmonary-tuberculosis-in-mymensingh
#18
A Begum, M A Baten, Z Begum, M M Alam, M M Ahsan, N P Ansari, S Zahan, M K Khan, F Nesa, M M Huq
Tuberculosis is a very common disease in our country. This retrospective histopathological study was designed to assess the distribution of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) in various organs through examination of biopsy specimens. A total of 216 specimens were diagnosed as tubercular lesion by histopathological evaluation in the Department of pathology, Community Based Medical College and a private laboratory during the period from January 2014 to December 2014. Mean age of the case was 32 years. Majority of the cases were female (126 out of 216)...
January 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247624/-the-role-of-pathogenetic-therapy-in-preserving-ejaculate-fertility-in-patients-with-tuberculosis-of-prostate
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
E V Kulchavenya, A V Osadchii
INTRODUCTION: Genital tuberculosis impairs male reproductive function. Given that tuberculosis of the prostate has been found at autopsy in 77% of men who died of tuberculosis of all locations, the problem is highly relevant. AIM: To develop and test a method of restoring/preserving fertility in patients with prostatic tuberculosis and to evaluate its effectiveness. MATERIAL AND METHODS: TThis is an open, prospective, comparative, randomized study, comprising 72 patients with prostatic tuberculosis...
August 2016: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208927/tuberculosis-of-glans-penis-a-rare-presentation
#20
C Gangalakshmi, Sankaramahalingam
Tuberculosis (TB) of penis is a very rare entity, even in developing countries. It may present as primary or secondary to Pulmonary TB (PTB). Penile TB mimics carcinoma penis, granulomatous penile ulcer, genital herpes simplex, granuloma inguinale and HIV infection. We, hereby, present the case of a 57-year-old male patient who presented to us with ulcerative growth over glans penis and was clinically diagnosed as carcinoma penis, however biopsy of the lesion showed evidence of tuberculosis which was supported by chest X-ray...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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