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tolosa hunt syndrome

Sofia Torreggiani, Claudia Maria Cinnante, Marta Torcoletti, Fabrizia Corona, Carlo Agostoni, Giovanni Filocamo
May 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Jaydeep Majumdar, Sarmishtha Mukhopadhyay, Abhijeet Sharan, Sarbani Sengupta, Bhaskar Ghosh
Tolosa- Hunt syndrome is a rare steroid responsive disorder caused by granulation tissue involving the cavernous sinus or superior orbital fissure presenting as painful ophthalmoplegia and facial pain. In this report, we describe coexistence of Tolosa-Hunt syndrome with ocular myasthenia which may point towards an autoimmune etiological basis behind the cavernous sinus granulation tissue formation and also offered therapeutic challenge to ameliorate the symptoms.
February 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Stefan Evers
Premise This review summarises the pain syndromes that overlap between headache and facial pain and overlap between pain and cranial nerve lesion. Problem These syndromes share two features in common. First, they show both cranial nerve impairment (e.g. palsy, autonomic dysfunction) and pain; second, they have inflammatory (and/or small vessel) processes as the underlying mechanism. A typical representative of these syndromes is recurrent painful ophthalmoplegic neuropathy, which was previously called ophthalmoplegic migraine and was regarded as a migraine subtype...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
Tomohiro Ota, Mineo Yamazaki, Yusuke Toda, Akiko Ozawa, Kazumi Kimura
A 66-year-old man presented with headache and ophthalmalgia. Diplopia developed, and he was hospitalized. The left eye had abducent paralysis and proptosis. We diagnosed him with Tolosa-Hunt syndrome and administered methylprednisolone at 1 g/day for 3 days. However, the patient did not respond to treatment. No abnormality was found on his MRI or cerebrospinal fluid examination. Tests showed his serum immunoglobulin G4 and antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody titers were within normal limits. He also had untreated diabetes mellitus (HbA1c 9...
April 28, 2017: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
Nisar A Wani, Majid Jehangir, Parveen A Lone
PURPOSE: To highlight the role of constructive interference steady state (CISS) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the diagnosis of Tolosa-Hunt Syndrome (THS). CASE REPORT: We describe a case of THS in a 55-year-old woman presenting with left painful opthalmoplegia that was diagnosed by CISS MRI. Patient responded to steroid treatment and the lesion resolved. CONCLUSION: Imaging with MRI can help in making the diagnosis of THS by demonstrating an enhancing soft tissue lesion in the cavernous sinus and orbital apex resolving with steroids...
January 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Charles E Litwin, Annie S O Leung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
S Bhatkar, M K Goyal, A Takkar, K K Mukherjee, P Singh, R Singh, V Lal
OBJECTIVES: To study the clinical and etiological profile of patients with cavernous sinus syndrome (CSS) and identify factors which could determine the etiology and influence the outcome of these patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective observational study included 73 consecutive patients satisfying the criteria of CSS (i.e. involvement of any 2 of the 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th cranial nerves or any one of them with radiological evidence of cavernous sinus involvement)...
April 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Ghulam Murtaza, Nicholas Konowitz, Hannah Lu, Anadil Faqah, Aneesh Kuruvilla
Tolosa-Hunt syndrome is a rare disease with a limited number of cases reported in the literature. It typically presents with orbital pain associated with palsy of the third, fourth, or sixth cranial nerve. We present an interesting case of Tolosa-Hunt syndrome in a young male who responded well to high-dose steroids and in a few days had significant improvement in his retro-orbital pain and ocular movements.
January 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
Hiroshi Takasuna, Rie Sasaki, Makoto Shiraishi, Masatomo Doi, Daisuke Wakui, Hidemichi Ito, Kotaro Oshio, Yuichiro Tanaka
BACKGROUND: We report a case of steroid-resistant Tolosa-Hunt syndrome (THS) with recurrent bilateral painful ophthalmoplegia, accompanied with sphenoid sinusitis, pituitary abscess, and an aneurysm arising from the cavernous portion of the internal carotid artery. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 53-year-old woman suffered severe left painful ophthalmoplegia. A magnetic resonance image (MRI) revealed thickness of the left cavernous sinus (CS). Steroid was administrated under the diagnosis of THS, and the symptom transiently diminished...
2016: Surgical Neurology International
Mehmet Emin Ceylan, Alper Evrensel, Cemal Onur Noyan, Aslıhan Dönmez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
Carlos A Pérez, Monaliza Evangelista
BACKGROUND: Tolosa-Hunt syndrome is a painful ophthalmoplegia caused by an inflammatory process of unknown etiology in the region of the cavernous sinus, orbital apex, or superior orbital fissure. This disease is rare in the pediatric population. The objective of this study was to provide a clinical framework for the evaluation and treatment of children with this disorder. A systematic approach to the diagnosis of painful ophthalmoplegia in children is proposed. METHODS: We present a 15-year-old girl whose clinical presentation and neuroradiological findings support a diagnosis of Tolosa-Hunt syndrome as defined by the 2013 International Classification of Headache Disorders (Third Edition, ICHD-3 beta) diagnostic criteria...
September 2016: Pediatric Neurology
Amol Raheja, Aleksandra Sowder, Cheryl Palmer, Fausto J Rodriguez, William T Couldwell
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated smooth muscle tumors (SMTs) have recently been associated with primary and secondary immunodeficiencies. They are broadly divided into 3 subgroups: HIV-related, posttransplant, and congenital immunodeficiency. Subsequent to organ transplantation and acquired immunosuppression, a few cases of EBV-associated SMTs have been described in the liver, respiratory tract, and gastrointestinal system. To the authors' knowledge, intracranial involvement after peripheral blood stem cell transplantation has never been reported previously...
May 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
V Dclreux, L Kevers, A Callewaert
The authors report a case of pituitary apoplexy whose sole clinical manifestation was painful ophtalmoplegia. No other neurological, endocrine or visual symptoms were present. The classic investigations (radiological findings as computed tomography, endocrine and visual investigations, biology) were normal. The reasons of this are the small size of the pituitary adenoma, the absence of upward enlargment or secretion. This case illustrates the carefulness necessary before concluding to the Tolosa-Hunt syndrome and the ophthalmoplegia migraine, which are diagnoses of exclusion of painful ophthalmoplegia...
January 1988: Acta Clinica Belgica
Ilko Kastirr, Peter Kamusella, Reimer Andresen
We present the case of a man of 47 years with vertical and horizontal paresis of view combined with periorbital pain that developed initially on the right side but extended after 3-4 days to the left. Gadolinum uptaking tissue in the cavernous sinus was shown by MRI of the orbital region in the T1 spin echo sequence with fat saturation (SEfs) with a slice thickness of 2 mm. As no other abnormalities were found and the pain resolved within 72 hours of treatment with cortison a bilateral Tolosa-Hunt Syndrome (THS) was assumed...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Glenmore Lasam, Sakshi Kapur
We report a case of a 50-year-old female with diabetes mellitus who presented with progressive second, third, fifth, sixth, and eighth cranial nerve palsy. Diagnostic investigation revealed hyperglycemic state, and brain imaging showed a right cavernous sinus enhancement suggestive of and consistent with Tolosa-Hunt syndrome. The patient was started on steroids with tight glycemic control for eight weeks; subsequently, the cranial nerve palsies resolved as well as documented resolution of the right cavernous sinus enhancement...
2016: Case Reports in Medicine
Diana G Douleh, Peter J Morone, Joyce E Johnson, Paisit Paueksakon, John C Wellons Iii
Tolosa-Hunt syndrome is an idiopathic inflammatory process of the cavernous sinus or orbit manifesting as painful ophthalmoplegia. In this report, we detail the case of a 6-year-old boy who presented with several weeks of unilateral headache and diplopia. He was found to have an infiltrative process involving the bilateral cavernous sinuses and pituitary gland on MRI. Given a progressing infiltrative central nervous system process on repeat MRI and the development of cerebral salt wasting, a biopsy was performed revealing actinomycosis...
2016: Pediatric Neurosurgery
Ferda İlgen Uslu, Mustafa Özkan
Painful ophthalmoplegia consists of periorbital or hemicranial pain with ipsilateral ocular motor nerve palsies. There are many etiologies of painful ophthalmoplegia. Tolosa-Hunt syndrome (THS) is an uncommon disease caused by non-specific inflammation of the cavernous sinus, superior orbital fissure and the apex of the orbit. A 45-year-old female reported episodes of reversible left eye pain and diplopia. Examination showed periorbital oedema and left palpebral semiptosis, paresis of the partial left third nerve palsy with normal pupillary reactions, fourth and sixth left cranial nerves, and hypoesthesia over the first and second division of the left trigeminal nerve...
2015: Aǧrı: Ağrı (Algoloji) Derneği'nin Yayın Organıdır, the Journal of the Turkish Society of Algology
C Höhne, E Schuh, T Kümpfel, A Straube
BACKGROUND: Tolosa-Hunt syndrome (THS) is characterized by unilateral orbital pain, ipsilateral oculomotor paresis and a prompt response to treatment with corticosteroids. Several reports have demonstrated that the clinical features of THS are not specific to one causal aetiology and can lead to misdiagnosis. CASE REPORT: We report the case of a patient diagnosed with THS after an episode of unilateral orbital pain and diplopia with demonstration of granulomatous inflammation of both cavernous sinus on cerebral magnetic resonance imaging and an immediate response to treatment with corticosteroids...
December 2016: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
Marcelo D Mendonça, Marta Guedes, Gonçalo Matias, João Costa, Miguel Viana-Baptista
Introduction Tolosa-Hunt syndrome (THS) is one of the most common 'benign' causes of painful ophthalmoplegia. Diagnosis is based on clinical and imaging findings and the exclusion of other causes because there is no specific biomarker for the syndrome. Eales disease, an idiopathic inflammatory venous disease that primarily affects the eye, can also affect the central (as stroke or myelitis) and peripheral nervous system. Case report We report the case of a 32-year-old woman with a subacute left ophthalmoplegia and evidence of a gadolinium-enhanced lesion suggesting an inflammatory granuloma that resolved within 48 hours after treatment with steroids...
February 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
Jong-Myong Lee, Jung-Soo Park, Eun-Jeong Koh
Tolosa-Hunt syndrome is a rare cause of painful ophthalmoplegia due to idiopathic chronic granulomatous inflammation in the cavernous sinus. Usually clinical manifestations are well controlled by corticosteroid therapy, but steroid dependency or resistance is common. We report a case of marked improvement of Tolosa-Hunt syndrome without symptom relapse after Gamma Knife radiosurgery in a patient with steroid intolerance.
January 2016: Acta Neurochirurgica
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