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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902538/ulnar-tunnel-syndrome-radial-tunnel-syndrome-anterior-interosseous-nerve-syndrome-and-pronator-syndrome
#1
Adam B Strohl, David S Zelouf
In addition to the more common carpal tunnel and cubital tunnel syndromes, orthopaedic surgeons must recognize and manage other potential sites of peripheral nerve compression. The distal ulnar nerve may become compressed as it travels through the wrist, which is known as ulnar tunnel or Guyon canal syndrome. The posterior interosseous nerve may become entrapped in the proximal forearm as it travels through the radial tunnel, which results in a pain syndrome without motor weakness. The median nerve may become entrapped in the proximal forearm, which can result in a variety of symptoms...
November 29, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875620/a-reliable-technique-for-us-guided-perineural-injection-in-ulnar-neuropathy-at-the-elbow
#2
Ulrike M Hamscha, Ines Tinhofer, Stefan Heber, Wolfgang Grisold, Wolfgang J Weninger, Stefan Meng
INTRODUCTION: Ulnar neuropathy at the elbow (UNE) is a common peripheral compression neuropathy and in most cases occurs at 2 sites, the retroepicondylar groove or the cubital tunnel. With regard to a potential therapeutic approach with perineural corticosteroid injection the aim of this study was to evaluate the distribution of injection fluid applied at a standard site. METHODS: We performed ultrasound-guided (US-guided) perineural injections to the ulnar nerve halfway between the olecranon and the medial epicondyle in 21 upper limbs from 11 non-embalmed cadavers...
November 22, 2016: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854094/cubital-tunnel-syndrome-caused-by-ulnar-nerve-schwannoma-in-a-patient-with-diabetic-sensorimotor-polyneuropathy
#3
Meng-Ta Liu, Jiunn-Tay Lee, Chih-Hsin Wang, Yu-Chieh Lin, Chung-Hsing Chou
PURPOSE: An uncommon ulnar nerve schwannoma should not be neglected in a diabetic patient with cubital tunnel syndrome, the second most common cause of entrapment neuropathy. CASE REPORT: A 61-year-old woman with a past history of type 2 diabetes mellitus complicated with sensorimotor polyneuropathy presented with progressive numbness and weakness of the left ring and little fingers for one year. A provisional diagnosis of cubital tunnel syndrome was made according to physical examination and electrophysiological studies...
June 15, 2016: Acta Neurologica Taiwanica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815973/validation-of-preoperative-nerve-conduction-studies-by-intraoperative-studies-in-patients-with-ulnar-neuropathy-at-the-elbow
#4
Gregor Omejec, Krešimir Božikov, Simon Podnar
OBJECTIVE: To validate the findings of preoperative motor short-segment nerve conduction studies (SSNCSs) by intraoperative SSNCSs in patients with cubital tunnel syndrome. METHODS: We prospectively recruited patients with ulnar neuropathy at the elbow (UNE) localized distal to the medial epicondyle (ME). Preoperatively, motor SSNCSs and ultrasonography (US) were performed. Immediately after surgical dissection of the humeroulnar aponeurotic arcade (HUA), intraoperative near-nerve motor SSNCSs were performed, and compared to preoperative findings...
December 2016: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791975/wide-decompression-may-render-the-ulnar-nerve-unstable-a-cadaveric-study
#5
Andrew P Hurvitz, Brian T Fitzgerald, Leo T Kroonen
The purpose of this study was to evaluate for ulnar nerve instability following incrementally widened in situ decompression. A standard release of the ulnar nerve was performed in 16 cadaveric elbows, extending from 7cm distal to the medial epicondyle, and then released proximally for a total of 10 cm in 2-cm increments. Eight of the 16 elbows (50%) displayed subluxation of the ulnar nerve following complete in situ decompression. The rate of subluxation was found to increase with increasing length of proximal decompression...
2016: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751831/endoscopy-assisted-subfascial-anterior-transposition-of-the-ulnar-nerve-for-the-treatment-of-cubital-tunnel-syndrome
#6
J K F Wong, C C Hsu, C H Lin, S H Lien, Y T Lin
BACKGROUND: Many techniques have been described to relieve the compression and reduce subluxation of the ulnar nerve following surgery. The subfascial anterior transposition of the ulnar nerve (SfATUN) is one described technique, but involves a long scar, risk of injury to the medial antebrachial cutaneous nerve, and possible nerve ischemia from anterior transposition. We assessed a more refined approach of endoscopy-assisted SfATUN for the treatment of cubital tunnel syndrome. METHODS: A consecutive case series of 21 patients (15 males and 6 females) with evidence of nerve subluxation after ulnar nerve decompression were operated using an endoscopy-assisted SfATUN...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751716/recurrent-cubital-tunnel-syndrome-treated-with-revision-neurolysis-and-amniotic-membrane-nerve-wrapping
#7
Michael P Gaspar, Hesham M Abdelfattah, Ian W Welch, Michael M Vosbikian, Patrick M Kane, Mark S Rekant
BACKGROUND: Perineural scarring of the ulnar nerve is a predominant cause of symptom recurrence after surgical treatment for primary cubital tunnel syndrome (CuTS). We report our preliminary experience in revision ulnar nerve decompression and nerve wrapping with an amniotic membrane allograft adhesion barrier for treatment of recurrent CuTS. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review with prospective follow-up of patients with recurrent CuTS who were treated with revision neurolysis with amniotic membrane nerve wrapping...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692801/risk-of-prolonged-opioid-use-among-opioid-na%C3%A3-ve-patients-following-common-hand-surgery-procedures
#8
Shepard P Johnson, Kevin C Chung, Lin Zhong, Melissa J Shauver, Michael J Engelsbe, Chad Brummett, Jennifer F Waljee
PURPOSE: To evaluate prolonged opioid use in opioid-naïve patients after common hand surgery procedures in the United States. METHODS: We studied insurance claims from the Truven MarketScan databases to identify opioid-naïve adult patients (no opioid exposure 11 months before the perioperative period) who underwent an elective (carpal tunnel release, carpometacarpal arthroplasty/arthrodesis, cubital tunnel release, or trigger finger release) or trauma-related (closed distal radius fracture fixation, flexor tendon repair, metacarpal fracture fixation, or phalangeal fracture fixation) hand surgery procedure between 2010 and 2012 (N = 77,573 patients)...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633448/open-versus-endoscopic-in-situ-decompression-in-cubital-tunnel-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Yi-Ming Ren, Xian-Hu Zhou, Hu-Yun Qiao, Zhi-Jian Wei, Bao-You Fan, Wei Lin, Shi-Qing Feng
OBJECTIVE: We conducted this systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the clinical efficacy and safety between open and endoscopic in situ decompression surgery methods for cubital tunnel syndrome (CuTS). METHODS: PubMed, Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library and CNKI were searched for eligible studies. The data were extracted by two of the coauthors (WL, BYF) independently and were analyzed using RevMan statistical software, version 5.1. Relative risks (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated...
September 12, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627055/outcomes-following-peripheral-nerve-decompression-with-and-without-associated-double-crush-syndrome-a-case-control-study
#10
Lauren E Wessel, Duretti T Fufa, R Bruce Canham, Adam La Bore, Martin I Boyer, Ryan P Calfee
BACKGROUND: Double crush syndrome, the association between proximal and distal nerve lesions, has been established. This investigation compares the outcomes of nerve surgery in patients with isolated peripheral compression versus those with double crush syndrome treated with peripheral nerve and cervical spine surgeries. METHODS: This case controlled study enrolled 80 patients; 40 underwent carpal or cubital tunnel surgery and cervical spine surgery (double crush group) and 40 controls, matched by age and sex, underwent only peripheral nerve decompression (peripheral nerve group)...
September 10, 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625547/scratch-collapse-test-is-a-useful-clinical-sign-in-assessing-long-thoracic-nerve-entrapment
#11
Elizabeth M Pinder, Chye Yew Ng
The scratch collapse test (SCT) is a relatively new clinical test in which a positive result implies entrapment neuropathy of the nerve tested. Initially described for carpal and cubital tunnel syndromes, subsequent authors have found it useful for the assessment of median, ulna, radial, axillary, and common peroneal nerves. We report a case illustrating the value of the SCT in the clinical assessment of thoracic nerve entrapment.
August 2016: Journal of Hand and Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616826/autogenous-vein-wrapping-versus-in-situ-decompression-for-management-of-secondary-cubital-tunnel-syndrome-after-surgical-fixation-of-elbow-fractures-short-term-functional-and-neurophysiological-outcome
#12
Ahmed F Sadek, Ezzat H Fouly, Adel A Abdel-Aziz, Mohammed A Sayed, Nehad M El-Mahboub, Mona Hamdy
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the functional and neurophysiological outcome of in situ decompression versus in situ decompression augmented with autogenous vein wrapping in management of secondary cubital tunnel syndrome at the elbow following fixation of elbow fractures. METHODS: A prospective comparative randomized study was performed on 29 patients who were divided into two groups: group I (in situ decompression) and group II (in situ decompression augmented with autogenous vein wrapping)...
April 2016: Journal of Hand and Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595934/synovial-chondromatosis-of-the-elbow-with-asymptomatic-ulnar-nerve-compression
#13
Jonathan M Frank, Bryan M Saltzman, Mohamad Hemu, Robert W Wysocki
Primary synovial chondromatosis is a rare, benign, proliferative disease of hyaline cartilaginous bodies within the synovium of joints. We report a rare case of primary synovial chondromatosis diffusely affecting the ulnohumeral joint causing pain and motion limitations with extrusion into the cubital tunnel and compressing the ulnar nerve but without any preoperative signs or symptoms of ulnar nerve compression. The patient was successfully treated with an open synovectomy to limit disease progression and improve motion...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27581520/ten-year-retrospective-review-of-cubital-tunnel-surgery-at-the-malcom-randall-veterans-affairs-medical-center-2005-to-2014
#14
Loretta Coady-Fariborzian, Amy McGreane, Christy Anstead, Robert Lawler, Arlette Jones-Lawson, Winston Richards
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27571367/cigarette-smoking-is-associated-with-cubital-tunnel-syndrome
#15
Taku Suzuki, Takuji Iwamoto, Kensuke Ochi, Kazuaki Mito, Toshiyasu Nakamura, Katsuji Suzuki, Harumoto Yamada, Kazuki Sato
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to validate the potential association between cigarette smoking and cubital tunnel syndrome (CubTS). METHODS: One hundred patients with CubTS were compared with 100 controls with ulnar abutment syndrome matched for age, gender, and body mass index. The smoking status was compared between patients and controls using the sign test and the Wilcoxon signed rank test. Conditional logistic regression was used to calculate the association between CubTS and pack-years smoked...
December 2016: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27533294/histotopographic-anatomy-of-the-cubital-tunnel
#16
Veronica Macchi, Andrea Porzionato, Raffaele De Caro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27527251/regional-ulnar-nerve-strain-following-decompression-and-anterior-subcutaneous-transposition-in-patients-with-cubital-tunnel-syndrome
#17
Ian Foran, Kenneth Vaz, Jakub Sikora-Klak, Samuel R Ward, Eric R Hentzen, Sameer B Shah
PURPOSE: Simple decompression and anterior subcutaneous transposition are effective surgical interventions for cubital tunnel syndrome and yield similarly favorable outcomes. However, a substantial proportion of patients demonstrate unsatisfactory outcomes for reasons that remain unclear. We compared effects of decompression and transposition on regional ulnar nerve strain to better understand the biomechanical impacts of each strategy. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with cubital tunnel syndrome and scheduled for anterior subcutaneous transposition surgery were enrolled...
October 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500436/recurrent-cubital-tunnel-syndrome-a-critical-analysis-review
#18
Peter Tang, Jason S Hoellwarth, Aakash Chauhan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2016: JBJS Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27418887/endoscopic-versus-open-cubital-tunnel-release-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Salah Aldekhayel, Alexander Govshievich, James Lee, Youssef Tahiri, Mario Luc
BACKGROUND: Several surgical techniques exist for treatment of cubital tunnel syndrome. Endoscopic cubital tunnel release (ECTuR) has been recently reported as a promising minimally invasive technique. This study aims to compare outcomes and complications of open cubital tunnel release (OCTuR) and ECTuR in the treatment of idiopathic cubital tunnel syndrome. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature (1980-2014) identified 118 citations. Studies including adults with idiopathic cubital tunnel treated exclusively by ECTuR or OCTuR were included...
March 2016: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27398787/anconeus-epitrochlearis-muscle-causing-ulnar-neuropathy-at-the-elbow-clinical-and-neurophysiological-differential-diagnosis
#20
A Erdem Bagatur, Mehmet Burak Yalcin, Utku Erdem Ozer
Ulnar neuropathy at the elbow is the second most frequent entrapment neuropathy and is considered idiopathic in most patients. However, several anatomic variations, including the anconeus epitrochlearis muscle, have been reported to cause ulnar nerve compression. The anconeus epitrochlearis muscle is a common anatomic variation, with a prevalence of up to 34%, but the clinical diagnosis of ulnar neuropathy of the elbow as a result of this variation is rare, with an unknown prevalence. It is a congenital accessory muscle between the medial humeral epicondyle and the olecranon that covers the posterior aspect of the cubital tunnel and is usually an operative finding, not a preoperative diagnosis...
September 1, 2016: Orthopedics
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