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College campus health promotion

Adelaide R Murray, Rosemary M Caron
BACKGROUND: The American College Health Association's, National College Health Assessment (ACHA's NCHA) estimates 46.1% of college students reported being vaccinated in the last year. OBJECTIVE: 1) To understand the college student's knowledge, attitude, and beliefs in regards to influenza vaccination; 2) To establish recommendations in a population where high risk transmission does not consistently translate into high vaccination rates. METHODS: Utilizing the health belief model (HBM), a cross-sectional study of college student perspectives of influenza vaccination was conducted...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Najat Yahia, Carrie A Brown, Melyssa Rapley, Mei Chung
BACKGROUND: Intake of saturated fat, trans fat, and cholesterol has been associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease. The aim of this study was to explore whether increased nutrition knowledge is associated with a reduction in the consumption of unhealthy fats in a sample of university students. METHODS: A sample of 231 students, with a mean age of 20 years, was recruited from university campus during spring 2012. Students completed a validated questionnaire related to students' demographic, nutrition knowledge, and daily fat consumption...
October 4, 2016: BMC Public Health
Abby L Braitman, Ashley N Linden-Carmichael, Amy L Stamates, Cathy Lau-Barraco
OBJECTIVE: Popular media have highly publicized alternative forms of alcohol use (eg, eyeballing, inhaling alcohol vapor) among college students as a growing concern, possibly associated with severe health risks. Formative research indicates rarity of use. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: College students (Study 1: n = 411; Study 2: n = 687) completed an online survey. RESULTS: Findings confirmed infrequent use of alternative methods of alcohol use and low likelihood of trying them in the future (Study 1)...
September 9, 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Helen K Morgan, Adrianne Haggins, Monica L Lypson, Paula Ross
In light of national calls for increased diversity in medicine, it is critical for academic medicine to remain actively engaged in the conversation about the value of diversity in higher education, specifically for students from underrepresented backgrounds. Too often, the undergraduate premedical experience is excluded from conversations about diversity in medicine. The undergraduate premedical experience, however, is a critical junction for many students from backgrounds underrepresented in medicine, especially for those who enter college underprepared for the academic rigor of the premedical experience...
September 6, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
M Y Kwan, K P Arbour-Nicitopoulos, E Duku, G Faulkner
INTRODUCTION: University and college campuses may be the last setting where it is possible to comprehensively address the health of a large proportion of the young adult population. It is important that health promoters understand the collective challenges students are facing, and to better understand the broader lifestyle behavioural patterning evident during this life stage. The purpose of this study was to examine the clustering of modifiable health-risk behaviours and to explore the relationship between these identified clusters and mental health outcomes among a large Canadian university sample...
August 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
Kaigang Li, Danping Liu, Denise Haynie, Benjamin Gee, Ashok Chaurasia, Dong-Chul Seo, Ronald J Iannotti, Bruce G Simons-Morton
BACKGROUND: Youth's physical activity (PA) may change across developmental periods. Although previous studies have observed a decline in levels of PA during adolescence, few studies have explored trends in PA during the transition from adolescence to young adulthood and what factors may impact the transitional change. The purpose of this study was to examine changes and predictors of change over time in PA from 10(th) grade to post-high school. METHODS: The NEXT Generation Health Study recruited a nationally-representative cohort of US 10(th)-graders, and administered longitudinal surveys in four waves (years) to follow up the participants to their first year after high school...
2016: BMC Public Health
Georges Elias Khalil, Ivan L Beale, Minxing Chen, Alexander V Prokhorov
BACKGROUND: Risky behaviors tend to increase drastically during the transition into young adulthood. This increase may ultimately facilitate the initiation of carcinogenic processes at a young age, highlighting a serious public health problem. By promoting information seeking behavior (ISB), young adults may become aware of cancer risks and potentially take preventive measures. OBJECTIVE: Based on the protection motivation theory, the current study seeks to evaluate the impact of challenge in a fully automated video game called Re-Mission on young adult college students' tendency to perceive the severity of cancer, feel susceptible to cancer, and engage in ISB...
2016: JMIR Serious Games
Cassandra D L Fritz, Valerie G Press, Darrell Nabers, Dana Levinson, Holly Humphrey, Monica B Vela
OBJECTIVE: Medical schools may find implementing pipeline programs for minority pre-medical students prohibitive due to a number of factors including the lack of well-described programs in the literature, the limited evidence for program development, and institutional financial barriers. Our goals were to (1) design a pipeline program based on educational theory; (2) deliver the program in a low cost, sustainable manner; and (3) evaluate intermediate outcomes of the program. METHODS: SEALS is a 6-week program based on an asset bundles model designed to promote: (1) socialization and professionalism, (2) education in science learning tools, (3) acquisition of finance literacy, (4) the leveraging of mentorship and networks, and (5) social expectations and resilience, among minority pre-medical students...
June 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Julie Dorsey, Miranda Kaye, Jennifer Barratt, Jennifer Biondi, Amanda Habrial, Amanda Lane, Victoria Marinelli, Tiffany Paulino, Amanda Singletary
BACKGROUND: Colleges have been experiencing reduced resource allocations, shifting student expectations, and organizational change. These changes increase employee stress at all levels. Ensuring that employee needs are being met and promoting a healthy and productive workforce has never been more important. OBJECTIVE: To investigate employees' current perceptions of their work environments using the Work Environment Impact Scale-Self Rating (WEIS-SR). METHODS: Full and part time employees on a small college campus in the United States were surveyed using the WEIS-SR through an online survey program to protect their anonymity...
April 6, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Wendi Mortimer Swanson
PURPOSE: Approximately 70% of United States [or U.S.] adults are either overweight or obese. Obesity increases the risk of chronic disease and strains healthcare access, quality, and cost. Weight gain occurs in college students threatening optimal weight maintenance. Physical activity is fundamental to preventing disease. College students incur multiple challenges in weight management. The purpose of the article is to describe the opportunity for Advanced Practice Registered Nurses (APRNs) to intentionally become wellness promoters...
April 2016: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
Sharyn J Potter
I examined similarities and differences between the movement to prevent drunk driving of the 1980s, and current efforts to prevent and address campus sexual assault. As college and university administrators design policies and initiatives to reduce campus sexual assault in response to new federal legislation and regulation, they can apply lessons from successful public health initiatives to reduce drunk driving initiated more than 3 decades ago. I illustrate how interventions at the 5 levels of the social-ecological model, and messages that address entrenched cultural attitudes condoning sexual assault and blaming its victims can be used to combat campus sexual assault as a crime and a public health problem...
May 2016: American Journal of Public Health
Deanna L H McFadden
BACKGROUND: Community colleges in the United States serve more than six million students and are the gateway to postsecondary education for individuals from typically underserved populations such as low-income, ethnic minorities, and first-generation college students. First-generation college students are defined as students whose adoptive or natural parents' highest level of education was a high school diploma or less. Postsecondary education has the potential to reduce both health and socioeconomic disparities...
April 2016: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
Kelli Stidham Hall, Elizabeth Ela, Melissa K Zochowski, Amy Caldwell, Michelle Moniz, Laura McAndrew, Monique Steel, Sneha Challa, Vanessa K Dalton, Susan Ernst
OBJECTIVE: To assess multiple dimensions of long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) knowledge and perceived multi-level barriers to LARC use among a sample of college women. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted an Internet-based study of 1982 female undergraduates at a large mid-western university. Our 55-item survey used a multi-level framework to measure young women's understanding of, experiences with intrauterine devices (IUD) and implants and their perceived barriers to LARC at individual, health systems and community levels...
June 2016: Contraception
Brittni D Jones, Renee M Cunningham-Williams
OBJECTIVE: To identify individual and institutional risks and protections for hookah and cigarette smoking among African American (AA) college students. PARTICIPANTS: AA college students (N = 1,402; mean age = 20, range = 18-24 years; 75% female) who completed the Fall 2012 American College Health Association-National College Health Assessment II. METHODS: Respondents were stratified into 4 mutually exclusive groups by last-30-day smoking status: cigarette-only use (5...
May 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Janie Heath, Patricia J Hollen, Stella Aguinaga Bialous, Bethany Coyne, Linda Sarna
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco remains the leading cause of preventable death in the United States. Recognizing that smoke-free policies can significantly reduce tobacco-related morbidity and mortality by preventing exposure to second-hand smoke and increasing quit rates, members of the Tobacco Control Subgroup of the American Academy of Nursing's (AAN) Health Behavior Expert Panel launched a health policy initiative entitled the Smoke-Free Campus Policy for Schools of Nursing Campaign. Designed as a two-phased initiative, the Campaign is a Call to Action to increase smoke-free policies on campuses with Schools of Nursing across the United States by 2020...
May 2016: Nursing Outlook
Marie P Bresnahan, Rachel Sacks, Shannon M Farley, Jenna Mandel-Ricci, Ty Patterson, Patti Lamberson
The New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene partnered with the nation's largest university system, the City University of New York (CUNY), to provide technical assistance and resources to support the development and implementation of a system-wide tobacco-free policy. This effort formed one component of Healthy CUNY-a larger initiative to support health promotion and disease prevention across the university system and resulted in the successful introduction of a system-wide tobacco-free policy on all CUNY campuses...
May 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Kim Decker, Desiree Hensel, Leslie Fasone
The purpose of this article is to describe the integration of a college bystander intervention service-learning project into an entry-level community clinical course in a prelicensure program and its outcomes. Two years of data from 118 students showed that students helped improve campus safety while growing as professionals and gaining leadership and health promotion skills. Approximately one-third of the students described a specific incident in which they intervened in an ambiguous situation.
May 2016: Nurse Educator
Jo Anne G Balanay, Gregory D Kearney
The purpose of this study was to assess the attitude toward noise, perceived hearing symptoms, noisy activities that were participated in, and factors associated with hearing protection use among college students. A 44-item online survey was completed by 2,151 college students (aged 17 years and above) to assess the attitudes toward noise, perceived hearing symptoms related to noise exposure, and use of hearing protection around noisy activities. Among the participants, 39.6% experienced at least one hearing symptom, with ear pain as the most frequently reported (22...
November 2015: Noise & Health
Holly B Fontenot, Heidi Collins Fantasia, Melissa A Sutherland, Terrence Lee-St John
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To describe the availability of human papillomavirus (HPV) and HPV vaccine information accessible to college students via official college and university websites. METHODS: A review and analysis of HPV and HPV vaccination information abstracted from a national sample (n = 214) of college/university websites. Three abstractors systematically evaluated quality and quantity of vaccination, sexual health, and HPV disease information from health service webpages...
April 2016: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
Kayla J Prater, Crystal A Fortuna, Janis L McGill, Macey S Brandeberry, Abigail R Stone, Xu Lu
BACKGROUND: Proper hand hygiene has been linked to lower susceptibility to infectious diseases in many types of communities, but it has not been well established on college campuses. This study investigated the hand hygiene statuses of college students and their occurrences in relation to infectious diseases, medical visits, and absence from classes or work. It also examined the effects of education on handwashing technique to improve hand hygiene. METHODS: College students enrolled at a university in Northwestern Ohio were recruited as study subjects...
January 1, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
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