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College campus health promotion

Courtney Peasant, Tami P Sullivan, Tiarney D Ritchwood, Gilbert R Parra, Nicole H Weiss, Jaimie P Meyer, James G Murphy
Physical and psychological intimate partner violence (IPV) are prevalent on college campuses and may affect young women's condom use behavior. This study explored condom negotiation as a mediator of the relation of physical and psychological IPV to condom use among college women. A total of 235 heterosexual college women were recruited during September 2012-May 2013. Participants completed online questionnaires assessing lifetime history of IPV, frequency of condom negotiation, and use of condoms during the last 30 days...
April 12, 2017: Women & Health
Jessica S Mounessa, Sherry L Pagoto, Katie Baker, John Antonishak, Robert P Dellavalle
Given the prevalence and risk associated with indoor tanning among college students, university campuses constitute a prime target for skin cancer prevention. This report identifies the successes and challenges faced in promoting a campus-wide tan-free policy through the National Council on Skin Cancer Prevention (NCSCP) Indoor Tan-Free Skin Smart Campus Initiative. Beginning in February 2016, we communicated with university faculty or staff members who have participated in skin cancer prevention via education, clinical care, or research at 20 universities regarding the steps to adopt the tan-free policy...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
Yamile Molina, Katherine J Briant, Janeth I Sanchez, Mary A O'Connell, Beti Thompson
OBJECTIVE: Innovative technologies have been used to promote colorectal cancer (CRC) screening among the underserved. However, the impact of these innovative technologies on knowledge and social engagement likelihood as they relate to subsequent intention to be screened across different populations has not been fully explored. DESIGN: Using a pre-post-test design with an inflatable walk-through colon, we assessed changes in knowledge and social engagement likelihood across populations and their associations with intention to be screened in two community settings...
January 24, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
Valerie Halstead, Jessica R Williams, Rosa Gonzalez-Guarda
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To synthesize research examining college student sexual violence disclosure and campus sexual violence resources and services. BACKGROUND: Recently, the issue of sexual violence within the college population has garnered attention worldwide. The prevalence of sexual violence within college students is alarmingly high. Survivors often experience negative outcomes (e.g., health-related consequences, impact on education). Efforts have been made to address this significant public health concern...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Kami J Silk, Evan K Perrault, Samantha A Nazione, Kristin Pace, Jan Collins-Eaglin
Suicide is a leading cause of death for college-aged youth, and university counseling centers (UCC) strive to educate students about mental health issues and available campus services. The current research evaluates a college campus social norms campaign that used both peer and celebrity sources to promote help seeking among college students as a suicide prevention strategy. Postcampaign surveys of this quasi-experiment (n = 391) revealed that compared to students in the control neighborhood condition, students exposed to the campaign messages in the experimental neighborhood conditions were more likely to perceive students would refer a friend to the UCC and more likely to visit the UCC for a mental health concern...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
Kevin Wombacher, Jenna E Reno, Gregory A Williams, Lauren Johnson
This study offers an analysis of how healthy and risky behaviors are discussed on an emerging social media platform. We sought to understand what behaviors are communicated and if they are encouraged or discouraged. We completed a content analysis of messages (n = 3,776) posted to Yik Yak captured three times a day on 4 days of the week across two separate weeks. We analyzed messages to determine the category of the behavior, an appraisal of the behavior, and normative voting feedback. Our results show that risky behaviors were discussed with greater frequency and received more user votes than healthy behaviors...
January 6, 2017: Health Communication
Jinan Banna, Rickelle Richards, Lora Beth Brown
OBJECTIVE: To assess qualitatively and quantitatively college students' perceived differences between a real meal, meal, and snack. DESIGN: A descriptive study design was used to administer an 11-item online survey to college students. SETTING: Two university campuses in the western US. PARTICIPANTS: Pilot testing was conducted with 20 students. The final survey was completed by 628 ethnically diverse students. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Students' perceptions of the terms real meal, meal, and snack...
March 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Kristin Pace, Kami Silk, Samantha Nazione, Laura Fournier, Jan Collins-Eaglin
Awareness and utilization of mental health services on college campuses is a salient issue, particularly for first-year students as they transition into college life. The current study uses focus groups and surveys to test help-seeking messages for first-year students. In this formative research, Phase 1 focus-group participants (N = 47) discussed four message concepts related to awareness of symptoms of mental health problems and services available to students. Phase 2 participants (N = 292) viewed one of three message concepts and then completed items that measured their perceptions of the message...
December 15, 2016: Health Communication
Nicole A VanKim, Carolyn M Porta, Marla E Eisenberg, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer, Melissa N Laska
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To (1) explore college students' perceived sexual orientation-related barriers to engaging in physical activity, eating healthfully and maintaining healthy body images and (2) identify types of campus resources on physical activity, healthy eating and body image available to lesbian, gay and bisexual college students. BACKGROUND: Previous research has highlighted sexual orientation disparities in weight status, physical activity, healthy eating and body image...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Anna I Rinaldi-Miles, Bhibha M Das
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Worksites provide an ideal environment for physical activity (PA) interventions. Colleges and universities are a unique work venue, with institutions of higher education of varying scope within every state of the United States and worldwide. OBJECTIVE: To explore the institutional influences on worksite PA across multiple universities. PARTICIPANTS: Employees from two large, universities (Midwestern and Southern) and a mid-size, university (Midwestern) participated in exploratory research in March/April 2010 and 2013...
November 22, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Adelaide R Murray, Rosemary M Caron
BACKGROUND: The American College Health Association's, National College Health Assessment (ACHA's NCHA) estimates 46.1% of college students reported being vaccinated in the last year. OBJECTIVE: 1) To understand the college student's knowledge, attitude, and beliefs in regards to influenza vaccination; 2) To establish recommendations in a population where high risk transmission does not consistently translate into high vaccination rates. METHODS: Utilizing the health belief model (HBM), a cross-sectional study of college student perspectives of influenza vaccination was conducted...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Najat Yahia, Carrie A Brown, Melyssa Rapley, Mei Chung
BACKGROUND: Intake of saturated fat, trans fat, and cholesterol has been associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease. The aim of this study was to explore whether increased nutrition knowledge is associated with a reduction in the consumption of unhealthy fats in a sample of university students. METHODS: A sample of 231 students, with a mean age of 20 years, was recruited from university campus during spring 2012. Students completed a validated questionnaire related to students' demographic, nutrition knowledge, and daily fat consumption...
October 4, 2016: BMC Public Health
Abby L Braitman, Ashley N Linden-Carmichael, Amy L Stamates, Cathy Lau-Barraco
OBJECTIVE: Popular media have highly publicized alternative forms of alcohol use (eg, eyeballing, inhaling alcohol vapor) among college students as a growing concern, possibly associated with severe health risks. Formative research indicates rarity of use. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: College students (Study 1: n = 411; Study 2: n = 687) completed an online survey. RESULTS: Findings confirmed infrequent use of alternative methods of alcohol use and low likelihood of trying them in the future (Study 1)...
January 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Helen K Morgan, Adrianne Haggins, Monica L Lypson, Paula Ross
In light of national calls for increased diversity in medicine, it is critical for academic medicine to remain actively engaged in the conversation about the value of diversity in higher education, specifically for students from underrepresented backgrounds. Too often, the undergraduate premedical experience is excluded from conversations about diversity in medicine. The undergraduate premedical experience, however, is a critical junction for many students from backgrounds underrepresented in medicine, especially for those who enter college underprepared for the academic rigor of the premedical experience...
September 6, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
M Y Kwan, K P Arbour-Nicitopoulos, E Duku, G Faulkner
INTRODUCTION: University and college campuses may be the last setting where it is possible to comprehensively address the health of a large proportion of the young adult population. It is important that health promoters understand the collective challenges students are facing, and to better understand the broader lifestyle behavioural patterning evident during this life stage. The purpose of this study was to examine the clustering of modifiable health-risk behaviours and to explore the relationship between these identified clusters and mental health outcomes among a large Canadian university sample...
August 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
Kaigang Li, Danping Liu, Denise Haynie, Benjamin Gee, Ashok Chaurasia, Dong-Chul Seo, Ronald J Iannotti, Bruce G Simons-Morton
BACKGROUND: Youth's physical activity (PA) may change across developmental periods. Although previous studies have observed a decline in levels of PA during adolescence, few studies have explored trends in PA during the transition from adolescence to young adulthood and what factors may impact the transitional change. The purpose of this study was to examine changes and predictors of change over time in PA from 10(th) grade to post-high school. METHODS: The NEXT Generation Health Study recruited a nationally-representative cohort of US 10(th)-graders, and administered longitudinal surveys in four waves (years) to follow up the participants to their first year after high school...
August 2, 2016: BMC Public Health
Georges Elias Khalil, Ivan L Beale, Minxing Chen, Alexander V Prokhorov
BACKGROUND: Risky behaviors tend to increase drastically during the transition into young adulthood. This increase may ultimately facilitate the initiation of carcinogenic processes at a young age, highlighting a serious public health problem. By promoting information seeking behavior (ISB), young adults may become aware of cancer risks and potentially take preventive measures. OBJECTIVE: Based on the protection motivation theory, the current study seeks to evaluate the impact of challenge in a fully automated video game called Re-Mission on young adult college students' tendency to perceive the severity of cancer, feel susceptible to cancer, and engage in ISB...
2016: JMIR Serious Games
Cassandra D L Fritz, Valerie G Press, Darrell Nabers, Dana Levinson, Holly Humphrey, Monica B Vela
OBJECTIVE: Medical schools may find implementing pipeline programs for minority pre-medical students prohibitive due to a number of factors including the lack of well-described programs in the literature, the limited evidence for program development, and institutional financial barriers. Our goals were to (1) design a pipeline program based on educational theory; (2) deliver the program in a low cost, sustainable manner; and (3) evaluate intermediate outcomes of the program. METHODS: SEALS is a 6-week program based on an asset bundles model designed to promote: (1) socialization and professionalism, (2) education in science learning tools, (3) acquisition of finance literacy, (4) the leveraging of mentorship and networks, and (5) social expectations and resilience, among minority pre-medical students...
June 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Julie Dorsey, Miranda Kaye, Jennifer Barratt, Jennifer Biondi, Amanda Habrial, Amanda Lane, Victoria Marinelli, Tiffany Paulino, Amanda Singletary
BACKGROUND: Colleges have been experiencing reduced resource allocations, shifting student expectations, and organizational change. These changes increase employee stress at all levels. Ensuring that employee needs are being met and promoting a healthy and productive workforce has never been more important. OBJECTIVE: To investigate employees' current perceptions of their work environments using the Work Environment Impact Scale-Self Rating (WEIS-SR). METHODS: Full and part time employees on a small college campus in the United States were surveyed using the WEIS-SR through an online survey program to protect their anonymity...
April 6, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Wendi Mortimer Swanson
PURPOSE: Approximately 70% of United States [or U.S.] adults are either overweight or obese. Obesity increases the risk of chronic disease and strains healthcare access, quality, and cost. Weight gain occurs in college students threatening optimal weight maintenance. Physical activity is fundamental to preventing disease. College students incur multiple challenges in weight management. The purpose of the article is to describe the opportunity for Advanced Practice Registered Nurses (APRNs) to intentionally become wellness promoters...
April 2016: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
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