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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643268/sexual-health-in-a-social-and-cultural-context-a-qualitative-study-of-young-latina-lesbian-bisexual-and-queer-women
#1
Christie A Santos, Emily C Williams, Julius Rodriguez, India J Ornelas
Previous research on sexual minority and Latina women suggests that Latina lesbian, bisexual, and queer (LBQ) women may be at high risk for sexually associated and transmitted infections, but research on the sexual health and practices of this population is limited. This qualitative study explored the knowledge, attitudes, and values related to sexual health among a purposive sample of Latina LBQ women living in Seattle, WA. Latina LBQ women (N = 14) were recruited to participate in in-depth interviews about their sexual health through community organizations, flyers posted on college campuses, email and social media advertisements, and participant referrals...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617102/predictors-of-well-being-in-the-lives-of-student-service-members-and-veterans
#2
Sarah Krill Williston, Lizabeth Roemer
OBJECTIVE: The current study examined predictors of well-being, including quality of life and academic engagement, in a sample of student service members and veteran college students. METHODS: Eighty-seven student service members/ veterans (SSM/V) completed an online survey containing questions about post-deployment social support, emotion regulation skills, psychological distress, academic engagement, quality of life, and demographics. Participants were recruited from September 2012 through May 2014...
June 15, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549595/mental-health-service-utilization-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-questioning-or-queer-college-students
#3
Michael S Dunbar, Lisa Sontag-Padilla, Rajeev Ramchand, Rachana Seelam, Bradley D Stein
PURPOSE: College students are at high risk for mental health problems, yet many do not receive treatment even when services are available. Treatment needs may be even higher among sexual minority students, but little is known about how these students differ from heterosexual peers in terms of mental health needs and service utilization. METHODS: A total of 33,220 California college students completed an online survey on mental health needs (e.g., current serious psychological distress and mental health-related academic impairment) and service utilization...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444519/intention-to-enact-and-enactment-of-gatekeeper-behaviors-for-suicide-prevention-an-application-of-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#4
Shane T W Kuhlman, Susan E Walch, Kristina N Bauer, April D Glenn
Gatekeeper training for suicide prevention was evaluated on a college campus to examine the impact of training on gatekeeper enactment of behaviors in support of suicide prevention and identify predictors of enactment of gatekeeper behaviors. Trained gatekeepers (N = 216) displayed greater perceived knowledge and self-efficacy for suicide prevention and reported higher rates of self-reported actual gatekeeper behaviors, including inquiring about suicidal ideation and referring for mental health treatment when they encountered someone in distress, compared to their untrained counterparts (N = 169)...
April 25, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402194/words-can-hurt-the-effects-of-physical-and-psychological-partner-violence-on-condom-negotiation-and-condom-use-among-young-women
#5
Courtney Peasant, Tami P Sullivan, Tiarney D Ritchwood, Gilbert R Parra, Nicole H Weiss, Jaimie P Meyer, James G Murphy
Physical and psychological intimate partner violence (IPV) are prevalent on college campuses and may affect young women's condom use behavior. This study explored condom negotiation as a mediator of the relation of physical and psychological IPV to condom use among college women. A total of 235 heterosexual college women were recruited during September 2012-May 2013. Participants completed online questionnaires assessing lifetime history of IPV, frequency of condom negotiation, and use of condoms during the last 30 days...
April 12, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271019/creating-the-first-indoor-tan-free-skin-smart-college-campus
#6
Jessica S Mounessa, Sherry L Pagoto, Katie Baker, John Antonishak, Robert P Dellavalle
Given the prevalence and risk associated with indoor tanning among college students, university campuses constitute a prime target for skin cancer prevention. This report identifies the successes and challenges faced in promoting a campus-wide tan-free policy through the National Council on Skin Cancer Prevention (NCSCP) Indoor Tan-Free Skin Smart Campus Initiative. Beginning in February 2016, we communicated with university faculty or staff members who have participated in skin cancer prevention via education, clinical care, or research at 20 universities regarding the steps to adopt the tan-free policy...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116917/knowledge-and-social-engagement-change-in-intention-to-be-screened-for-colorectal-cancer
#7
Yamile Molina, Katherine J Briant, Janeth I Sanchez, Mary A O'Connell, Beti Thompson
OBJECTIVE: Innovative technologies have been used to promote colorectal cancer (CRC) screening among the underserved. However, the impact of these innovative technologies on knowledge and social engagement likelihood as they relate to subsequent intention to be screened across different populations has not been fully explored. DESIGN: Using a pre-post-test design with an inflatable walk-through colon, we assessed changes in knowledge and social engagement likelihood across populations and their associations with intention to be screened in two community settings...
January 24, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102917/sexual-violence-in-the-college-population-a-systematic-review-of-disclosure-and-campus-resources-and-services
#8
REVIEW
Valerie Halstead, Jessica R Williams, Rosa Gonzalez-Guarda
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To synthesize research examining college student sexual violence disclosure and campus sexual violence resources and services. BACKGROUND: Recently, the issue of sexual violence within the college population has garnered attention worldwide. The prevalence of sexual violence within college students is alarmingly high. Survivors often experience negative outcomes (e.g., health-related consequences, impact on education). Efforts have been made to address this significant public health concern...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098508/evaluation-of-a-social-norms-approach-to-a-suicide-prevention-campaign
#9
Kami J Silk, Evan K Perrault, Samantha A Nazione, Kristin Pace, Jan Collins-Eaglin
Suicide is a leading cause of death for college-aged youth, and university counseling centers (UCC) strive to educate students about mental health issues and available campus services. The current research evaluates a college campus social norms campaign that used both peer and celebrity sources to promote help seeking among college students as a suicide prevention strategy. Postcampaign surveys of this quasi-experiment (n = 391) revealed that compared to students in the control neighborhood condition, students exposed to the campaign messages in the experimental neighborhood conditions were more likely to perceive students would refer a friend to the UCC and more likely to visit the UCC for a mental health concern...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059553/does-yik-yak-promote-risky-health-behavior-on-college-campuses
#10
Kevin Wombacher, Jenna E Reno, Gregory A Williams, Lauren Johnson
This study offers an analysis of how healthy and risky behaviors are discussed on an emerging social media platform. We sought to understand what behaviors are communicated and if they are encouraged or discouraged. We completed a content analysis of messages (n = 3,776) posted to Yik Yak captured three times a day on 4 days of the week across two separate weeks. We analyzed messages to determine the category of the behavior, an appraisal of the behavior, and normative voting feedback. Our results show that risky behaviors were discussed with greater frequency and received more user votes than healthy behaviors...
January 6, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993555/college-students-perceived-differences-between-the-terms-real-meal-meal-and-snack
#11
Jinan Banna, Rickelle Richards, Lora Beth Brown
OBJECTIVE: To assess qualitatively and quantitatively college students' perceived differences between a real meal, meal, and snack. DESIGN: A descriptive study design was used to administer an 11-item online survey to college students. SETTING: Two university campuses in the western US. PARTICIPANTS: Pilot testing was conducted with 20 students. The final survey was completed by 628 ethnically diverse students. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Students' perceptions of the terms real meal, meal, and snack...
March 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976923/promoting-mental-health-help-seeking-behavior-among-first-year-college-students
#12
Kristin Pace, Kami Silk, Samantha Nazione, Laura Fournier, Jan Collins-Eaglin
Awareness and utilization of mental health services on college campuses is a salient issue, particularly for first-year students as they transition into college life. The current study uses focus groups and surveys to test help-seeking messages for first-year students. In this formative research, Phase 1 focus-group participants (N = 47) discussed four message concepts related to awareness of symptoms of mental health problems and services available to students. Phase 2 participants (N = 292) viewed one of three message concepts and then completed items that measured their perceptions of the message...
December 15, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878900/lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-college-student-perspectives-on-disparities-in-weight-related-behaviours-and-body-image-a-qualitative-analysis
#13
Nicole A VanKim, Carolyn M Porta, Marla E Eisenberg, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer, Melissa N Laska
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To (1) explore college students' perceived sexual orientation-related barriers to engaging in physical activity, eating healthfully and maintaining healthy body images and (2) identify types of campus resources on physical activity, healthy eating and body image available to lesbian, gay and bisexual college students. BACKGROUND: Previous research has highlighted sexual orientation disparities in weight status, physical activity, healthy eating and body image...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792028/cost-and-culture-factors-influencing-worksite-physical-activity-across-three-universities
#14
Anna I Rinaldi-Miles, Bhibha M Das
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Worksites provide an ideal environment for physical activity (PA) interventions. Colleges and universities are a unique work venue, with institutions of higher education of varying scope within every state of the United States and worldwide. OBJECTIVE: To explore the institutional influences on worksite PA across multiple universities. PARTICIPANTS: Employees from two large, universities (Midwestern and Southern) and a mid-size, university (Midwestern) participated in exploratory research in March/April 2010 and 2013...
November 22, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740928/influenza-vaccination-challenges-in-an-at-risk-student-population-considerations-for-health-services
#15
Adelaide R Murray, Rosemary M Caron
BACKGROUND: The American College Health Association's, National College Health Assessment (ACHA's NCHA) estimates 46.1% of college students reported being vaccinated in the last year. OBJECTIVE: 1) To understand the college student's knowledge, attitude, and beliefs in regards to influenza vaccination; 2) To establish recommendations in a population where high risk transmission does not consistently translate into high vaccination rates. METHODS: Utilizing the health belief model (HBM), a cross-sectional study of college student perspectives of influenza vaccination was conducted...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716127/level-of-nutrition-knowledge-and-its-association-with-fat-consumption-among-college-students
#16
Najat Yahia, Carrie A Brown, Melyssa Rapley, Mei Chung
BACKGROUND: Intake of saturated fat, trans fat, and cholesterol has been associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease. The aim of this study was to explore whether increased nutrition knowledge is associated with a reduction in the consumption of unhealthy fats in a sample of university students. METHODS: A sample of 231 students, with a mean age of 20 years, was recruited from university campus during spring 2012. Students completed a validated questionnaire related to students' demographic, nutrition knowledge, and daily fat consumption...
October 4, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610942/sociocognitive-factors-and-perceived-consequences-associated-with-alternative-forms-of-alcohol-use
#17
Abby L Braitman, Ashley N Linden-Carmichael, Amy L Stamates, Cathy Lau-Barraco
OBJECTIVE: Popular media have highly publicized alternative forms of alcohol use (eg, eyeballing, inhaling alcohol vapor) among college students as a growing concern, possibly associated with severe health risks. Formative research indicates rarity of use. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: College students (Study 1: n = 411; Study 2: n = 687) completed an online survey. RESULTS: Findings confirmed infrequent use of alternative methods of alcohol use and low likelihood of trying them in the future (Study 1)...
January 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603037/the-importance-of-the-premedical-experience-in-diversifying-the-health-care-workforce
#18
Helen K Morgan, Adrianne Haggins, Monica L Lypson, Paula Ross
In light of national calls for increased diversity in medicine, it is critical for academic medicine to remain actively engaged in the conversation about the value of diversity in higher education, specifically for students from underrepresented backgrounds. Too often, the undergraduate premedical experience is excluded from conversations about diversity in medicine. The undergraduate premedical experience, however, is a critical junction for many students from backgrounds underrepresented in medicine, especially for those who enter college underprepared for the academic rigor of the premedical experience...
September 6, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556920/patterns-of-multiple-health-risk-behaviours-in-university-students-and-their-association-with-mental-health-application-of-latent-class-analysis
#19
M Y Kwan, K P Arbour-Nicitopoulos, E Duku, G Faulkner
INTRODUCTION: University and college campuses may be the last setting where it is possible to comprehensively address the health of a large proportion of the young adult population. It is important that health promoters understand the collective challenges students are facing, and to better understand the broader lifestyle behavioural patterning evident during this life stage. The purpose of this study was to examine the clustering of modifiable health-risk behaviours and to explore the relationship between these identified clusters and mental health outcomes among a large Canadian university sample...
August 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27485724/individual-social-and-environmental-influences-on-the-transitions-in-physical-activity-among-emerging-adults
#20
Kaigang Li, Danping Liu, Denise Haynie, Benjamin Gee, Ashok Chaurasia, Dong-Chul Seo, Ronald J Iannotti, Bruce G Simons-Morton
BACKGROUND: Youth's physical activity (PA) may change across developmental periods. Although previous studies have observed a decline in levels of PA during adolescence, few studies have explored trends in PA during the transition from adolescence to young adulthood and what factors may impact the transitional change. The purpose of this study was to examine changes and predictors of change over time in PA from 10(th) grade to post-high school. METHODS: The NEXT Generation Health Study recruited a nationally-representative cohort of US 10(th)-graders, and administered longitudinal surveys in four waves (years) to follow up the participants to their first year after high school...
August 2, 2016: BMC Public Health
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