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Shauna Solomon-Krakus, Catherine M Sabiston, Jennifer Brunet, Andree L Castonguay, Katerina Maximova, Mélanie Henderson
PURPOSE: This study examined whether body image self-discrepancy was a correlate of depressive symptoms among 556 early adolescents (45% girls; Mage = 11.65, SD = .94 years). METHODS: Participants completed self-report measures of their self-perceived actual and ideal body shapes and depressive symptoms. Sex-stratified polynomial regressions were used to examine the associations between depressive symptoms and (1) agreement (i.e., similar actual and ideal body shapes); (2) discrepancy (i...
January 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Jennifer Brunet, Katie E Gunnell, Pedro Teixeira, Catherine M Sabiston, Mathieu Bélanger
The objectives of this study were to examine whether (a) measures designed to assess satisfaction of competence, autonomy, and relatedness needs in physical activity contexts can represent both general and specific needs satisfaction and (b) the specific needs are associated with concurrent moderate-to-vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA) participation (Time 1) and MVPA participation 4 months later (Time 2), beyond general psychological need satisfaction (PNS). Data from 544 adolescents (Mage = 14.1 years, SD = 0...
August 2016: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
Katie E Gunnell, Jennifer Brunet, Catherine Sabiston, Mathieu Bélanger
Despite research attention toward understanding relationships between psychological need satisfaction (PNS), moderate-to-vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA), and health-related quality of life (HRQoL), methodological limitations make it difficult to establish reciprocal and mediating effects. Reciprocal relationships between PNS and MVPA were examined over 4 years, and their effects on adolescents' change in dimensions of HRQoL were examined. Self-reported data were collected from 932 adolescents (Mage = 10...
August 2016: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
Cristina M Caperchione, Catherine M Sabiston, Marianne I Clark, Joan L Bottorff, Renee Toxopeus, Kristin L Campbell, Neil D Eves, Susan L Ellard, Carolyn Gotay
INTRODUCTION: Physical activity is a cost-effective and non-pharmaceutical strategy that can help mitigate the physical and psychological health challenges associated with breast cancer survivorship. However, up to 70% of women breast cancer survivors are not meeting minimum recommended physical activity guidelines. Project MOVE is an innovative approach to increase physical activity among breast cancer survivors through the use of Action Grants, a combination of microgrants (small amounts of money awarded to groups of individuals to support a physical activity initiative) and financial incentives...
2016: BMJ Open
Catherine M Sabiston, Rachel Jewett, Garcia Ashdown-Franks, Mathieu Belanger, Jennifer Brunet, Erin O'Loughlin, Jennifer O'Loughlin
The purpose of this study was to examine the longitudinal and unique association between number of years of team sport and individual sport participation during adolescence and depressive symptoms during early adulthood. Adolescents (n = 860) reported team sport and individual sport participation in each year of secondary school for five years. Participants reported depressive symptoms using the Major Depression Inventory three years after secondary school. Multivariate linear regression was performed to model the associations of sport participation with depressive symptoms while controlling for sex, age, parent education, and baseline depressive symptoms...
February 2016: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
Steve Amireault, Gaston Godin, Jason Lacombe, Catherine M Sabiston
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: BMC Medical Research Methodology
Enrique García Bengoechea, Catherine M Sabiston, Philip M Wilson
The aim of this study was to provide initial evidence of validity and reliability of scores derived from the Activity Context in Youth Sport Questionnaire (ACYSQ), an instrument designed to offer a comprehensive assessment of the activities adolescents take part in during sport practices. Two studies were designed for the purposes of item development and selection, and to provide evidence of structural and criterion validity of ACYSQ scores, respectively (N = 334; M age = 14.93, SD = 1.76 years). Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) supported the adequacy of a 20-item ACYSQ measurement model, which was invariant across gender, and comprised the following dimensions: (1) stimulation; (2) usefulness-value; (3) authenticity; (4) repetition-boredom; and (5) ineffectiveness...
January 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
Gisèle A Contreras, Catherine M Sabiston, Erin K O'Loughlin, Mathieu Bélanger, Jennifer O'Loughlin
OBJECTIVES: To determine if body image emotions (body-related shame and guilt, weight-related stress), perceptions (self-perceived overweight), or cognitions (trying to change weight) differ between adolescents characterized by smoking and physical activity (PA) behavior. METHODS: Data for this cross-sectional analysis were collected in 2010-11 and were available for 1017 participants (mean (SD) age = 16.8 (0.5) years). Participants were categorized according to smoking and PA status into four groups: inactive smokers, inactive non-smokers, active smokers and active non-smokers...
2015: Preventive Medicine Reports
Angela J Fong, Tanya M F Scarapicchia, Meghan H McDonough, Carsten Wrosch, Catherine M Sabiston
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer survivors who have completed surgery and adjuvant treatment have distinct social support needs that may relate to emotional health. There is little research on both levels of social support following treatment and the association between social support and emotional well-being over time following breast cancer diagnosis and treatment. The aims of this study were to assess (1) the direction and magnitude of change in social support quality and quantity and (2) the degree to which change in quality and quantity of social support predicted change in emotional well-being over time following completion of breast cancer treatment...
January 28, 2016: Psycho-oncology
Eva Pila, Jennifer Brunet, Peter R E Crocker, Kent C Kowalski, Catherine M Sabiston
This study examined differences in body-related shame, guilt, pride, and envy based on intrapersonal characteristics of sex, age, and weight status in 527 Canadian adults. Compared to men, women reported significantly higher shame and guilt contextualized to the body. No sex differences were observed for envy or pride. Middle-aged adults reported higher shame and lower pride compared with young adults, whereas no age differences were observed with body-related guilt. Meanwhile, shame and guilt were highest for individuals who had overweight or obese weight status, and pride was highest in individuals with average weight status...
March 2016: Body Image
Steve Amireault, Gaston Godin, Jason Lacombe, Catherine M Sabiston
BACKGROUND: The Godin-Shephard Leisure-Time Physical Activity Questionnaire (GSLTPAQ) is one of the most often used questionnaires in oncology research, yet modifications to the scale are done with little evidence of psychometric testing. This study aimed to (i) document the frequency of use of the questionnaire for ranking (i.e., level of activity) and classification (i.e., active versus insufficiently active) purposes, (ii) summarize how the GSLTPAQ is used in terms of item content and scoring, and (iii) evaluate the extent to which validity evidence supports the use of the scale among cancer survivors...
2015: BMC Medical Research Methodology
Linda Trinh, Kelly P Arbour-Nicitopoulos, Catherine M Sabiston, Shabbir M Alibhai, Jennifer M Jones, Scott R Berry, Andrew Loblaw, Guy E Faulkner
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To describe and understand the perceptions of sedentary behavior (SED) and the interests and preferences for a SED intervention of men on androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) within a two-phase (formative and intervention research) feasibility study. RESEARCH APPROACH: Qualitative, descriptive. SETTING: Princess Margaret Cancer Centre and Odette Cancer Centre, both in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: 27 men on ADT...
July 2015: Oncology Nursing Forum
Tanya M F Scarapicchia, Catherine M Sabiston, Guy Faulkner
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence of students meeting physical activity, diet and smoking health recommendations and to examine the correlates of meeting these guidelines. METHODS: Randomly selected students at the University of Toronto (N = 2,812; female = 71.60%, mean age = 22.11 ± 5.24 years, mean body mass index = 22.80 kg/m2) completed the National College Health Assessment-II survey in spring of 2013. RESULTS: Only 0.1% of the sample reported meeting physical activity, diet and non-smoking guidelines...
March 2015: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
Mathieu Bélanger, Catherine M Sabiston, Tracie A Barnett, Erin O'Loughlin, Stéphanie Ward, Gisèle Contreras, Jennifer O'Loughlin
BACKGROUND: Adolescent physical activity (PA) levels track into adulthood. However it is not known if type of PA participated in during adolescence is associated with PA levels later in life. We aimed to identify natural groupings of types of PA and to assess whether number of years participating in these different groupings during adolescence is related to PA level in early adulthood. METHODS: 673 adolescents in Montreal, Canada, age 12-13 years at baseline (54% female), reported participation in 29 physical activities every 3 months over 5 years (1999-2005)...
2015: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Valerie Carson, Guy Faulkner, Catherine M Sabiston, Mark S Tremblay, Scott T Leatherdale
OBJECTIVES: To identify underlying subgroups based on patterns of physical activity, screen-based sedentary behavior, and sleep in a large sample of Canadian youth and to examine the associations between the identified subgroups and overweight and obesity. METHODS: The study is based on 19,831 youth aged 13-18 years from across Ontario, Canada in the COMPASS study. Participants self-reported their movement behaviors (i.e., physical activity, sedentary behavior and sleep), height and weight, and demographics...
July 2015: International Journal of Public Health
Shabbir M H Alibhai, Daniel Santa Mina, Paul Ritvo, Catherine Sabiston, Murray Krahn, George Tomlinson, Andrew Matthew, Roanne Segal, Padraig Warde, Sara Durbano, Meagan O'Neill, Nicole Culos-Reed
BACKGROUND: Androgen deprivation therapy is commonly used to treat prostate cancer, the most common visceral cancer in men. However, various side effects often worsen physical functioning and reduce well-being among men on this treatment. Based on existing evidence, both resistance and aerobic training provide benefits for this population yet adherence rates are often low. The method of exercise delivery (supervised in-center or home-based) may be important, yet few studies have compared different models...
April 25, 2015: BMC Cancer
Eva Pila, Catherine M Sabiston, Jennifer Brunet, Andree L Castonguay, Jennifer O'Loughlin
Individuals who are overweight or obese report body image concerns and lower self-esteem. However, little is known about the mechanisms underpinning these associations. The objective of this study was to test body-related shame and guilt as mediators in the association between weight status and self-esteem. Young adult participants (n = 790) completed assessments of self-esteem and body-related guilt and shame, and weight status indicators were measured by trained technicians. Findings from multiple mediation analyses suggest that body-related shame mediates the relationship between weight status and self-esteem...
May 2015: Journal of Health Psychology
Diane E Mack, Despina Kouali, Jenna D Gilchrist, Catherine M Sabiston
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the association between fitness-related pride and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). A secondary aim was to examine behavioural regulations consistent with organismic integration theory (OIT) as potential mechanisms of the pride-MVPA relationship. DESIGN: This study used a cross-sectional design. METHODS: Young adults (N = 465; Mage = 20.55; SDage = 1.75 years) completed self-report instruments of fitness-related pride, motivation and MVPA...
2015: Psychology & Health
Tanya M F Scarapicchia, Catherine M F Sabiston, Michelle Brownrigg, Althea Blackburn-Evans, Jill Cressy, Janine Robb, Guy E J Faulkner
OBJECTIVE: MoveU is a social marketing initiative aimed at increasing moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) among undergraduate students. Using the Hierarchy of Effects model (HOEM), this study identified awareness of MoveU and examined associations between awareness, outcome expectations, self-efficacy, intentions, and MVPA. PARTICIPANTS: Students (N = 2,784) from a Canadian university in March 2013. METHODS: A secondary analysis of the National College Health Assessment-II survey and measures specific to the MoveU campaign...
2015: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
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