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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632746/body-part-compatibility-effects-are-modulated-by-the-tendency-for-women-to-experience-negative-social-comparative-emotions-and-the-body-type-of-the-model
#1
Eva Pila, Kimberely Jovanov, Timothy N Welsh, Catherine M Sabiston
Although exposure to physique-salient media images of women's bodies has been consistently linked with negative psychological consequences, little is known about the cognitive processes that lead to these negative effects. The present study employed a novel adaptation of a computerized response time (RT) task to (i) assess implicit cognitive processing when exposed to the body of another individual, and (ii) examine individual differences in social comparative emotions that may influence the cognitive processing of human bodies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632240/body-related-shame-and-guilt-predict-physical-activity-in-breast-cancer-survivors-over-time
#2
Andrée L Castonguay, Carsten Wrosch, Eva Pila, Catherine M Sabiston
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To test body-related shame and guilt as predictors of breast cancer survivors' (BCS') moderate to vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) during six months and to examine motivational regulations as mediators of this association.
. DESIGN: Prospective study.
. SETTING: Survivors were recruited through advertisements and oncologist referrals from medical clinics and hospitals in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
. SAMPLE: 149 female BCS...
July 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497387/changes-in-light-moderate-and-vigorous-intensity-physical-activity-and-changes-in-depressive-symptoms-in-breast-cancer-survivors-a-prospective-observational-study
#3
Benjamin D Sylvester, Rashid Ahmed, Steve Amireault, Catherine M Sabiston
PURPOSE: Despite the recommendations for cancer survivors to engage in either moderate or vigorous physical activity, light-intensity physical activity may also have beneficial effects on mental health. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between light, moderate, and vigorous physical activity and depressive symptoms in breast cancer survivors over 1 year post-treatment. METHODS: Participants (N = 201) were a sample of breast cancer survivors who self-reported depressive symptoms and wore an accelerometer for seven consecutive days to measure physical activity, on five occasions every 3 months post-treatment for cancer...
May 11, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368744/-i-am-a-fat-baby-who-moved-to-a-fat-child-who-moved-to-a-fat-teenager-who-moved-to-a-fat-adult-women-s-reflections-of-a-lifetime-of-body-and-weight-concern
#4
Eva Pila, Shauna Solomon-Krakus, Kara Egelton, Catherine M Sabiston
The present study explored how women aged 50-65 years reflect and make meaning of a lifetime of body and weight struggles. Seven purposefully selected women with longstanding body image challenges participated in interviews and reflected on their perceptions, thoughts, and emotions around their body and weight since childhood. Findings revealed consistent and consuming concerns about the body; prevalent body-related self-conscious emotions; influential social experiences that impact physical self-perceptions; and enduring impacts of weight bias, stigma, and discrimination...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363262/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-mental-health-continuum-short-form-in-french-canadian-young-adults
#5
Isabelle Doré, Jennifer L O'Loughlin, Catherine M Sabiston, Louise Fournier
OBJECTIVE: To examine the factor structure, internal consistency, reliability, sex invariance, and discriminant validity of the French Canadian version of the Mental Health Continuum-Short Form (MHC-SF). METHOD: A total of 1485 French-speaking postsecondary students in Quebec, Canada (58% female; mean age = 18.4, SD = 2.4), completed the MHC-SF. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to assess the factorial structure of the MHC-SF. Internal consistency was assessed with Cronbach's alpha, and reliability was assessed with the rho reliability coefficient...
April 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346152/associations-between-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-with-sleep-quality-and-quantity-in-young-adults
#6
Lisa Kakinami, Erin K O'Loughlin, Jennifer Brunet, Erika N Dugas, Evelyn Constantin, Catherine M Sabiston, Jennifer O'Loughlin
OBJECTIVES: Intensity and duration of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior are individually associated with sleep, but their independent associations are poorly characterized. The objectives of this study were to determine if PA and/or sedentary behavior are/is associated with sleep quality and/or quantity in a young adult sample. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Montreal, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Participants (n=658) from the Nicotine Dependence in Teens Study...
February 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345941/the-roles-of-negative-affect-and-goal-adjustment-capacities-in-breast-cancer-survivors-associations-with-physical-activity-and-diurnal-cortisol-secretion
#7
Andree L Castonguay, Carsten Wrosch, Catherine M Sabiston
OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether within-person changes of breast cancer survivors' high-arousal negative affect (e.g., feeling scared, upset, anxious, or guilty) could predict high levels of diurnal cortisol secretion and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). In addition, goal adjustment capacities (goal disengagement and goal reengagement) were expected to buffer the effect of negative affect on cortisol and to increase its effect on MVPA. METHOD: High-arousal negative affect, self-reported MVPA, area-under-the-curve of diurnal cortisol secretion, and goal adjustment capacities were assessed in a longitudinal sample of 145 female breast cancer survivors...
April 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258410/feasibility-of-a-telephone-and-web-based-physical-activity-intervention-for-women-shift-workers
#8
S E Neil-Sztramko, C C Gotay, C M Sabiston, P A Demers, K C Campbell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 3, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793726/body-image-self-discrepancy-and-depressive-symptoms-among-early-adolescents
#9
Shauna Solomon-Krakus, Catherine M Sabiston, Jennifer Brunet, Andree L Castonguay, Katerina Maximova, Mélanie Henderson
PURPOSE: This study examined whether body image self-discrepancy was a correlate of depressive symptoms among 556 early adolescents (45% girls; Mage = 11.65, SD = .94 years). METHODS: Participants completed self-report measures of their self-perceived actual and ideal body shapes and depressive symptoms. Sex-stratified polynomial regressions were used to examine the associations between depressive symptoms and (1) agreement (i.e., similar actual and ideal body shapes); (2) discrepancy (i...
January 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736369/should-we-be-looking-at-the-forest-or-the-trees-overall-psychological-need-satisfaction-and-individual-needs-as-predictors-of-physical-activity
#10
Jennifer Brunet, Katie E Gunnell, Pedro Teixeira, Catherine M Sabiston, Mathieu Bélanger
The objectives of this study were to examine whether (a) measures designed to assess satisfaction of competence, autonomy, and relatedness needs in physical activity contexts can represent both general and specific needs satisfaction and (b) the specific needs are associated with concurrent moderate-to-vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA) participation (Time 1) and MVPA participation 4 months later (Time 2), beyond general psychological need satisfaction (PNS). Data from 544 adolescents (Mage = 14.1 years, SD = 0...
August 2016: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736288/linking-psychological-need-satisfaction-and-physical-activity-to-dimensions-of-health-related-quality-of-life-during-adolescence-a-test-of-direct-reciprocal-and-mediating-effects
#11
Katie E Gunnell, Jennifer Brunet, Catherine Sabiston, Mathieu Bélanger
Despite research attention toward understanding relationships between psychological need satisfaction (PNS), moderate-to-vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA), and health-related quality of life (HRQoL), methodological limitations make it difficult to establish reciprocal and mediating effects. Reciprocal relationships between PNS and MVPA were examined over 4 years, and their effects on adolescents' change in dimensions of HRQoL were examined. Self-reported data were collected from 932 adolescents (Mage = 10...
August 2016: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27531738/innovative-approach-for-increasing-physical-activity-among-breast-cancer-survivors-protocol-for-project-move-a-quasi-experimental-study
#12
Cristina M Caperchione, Catherine M Sabiston, Marianne I Clark, Joan L Bottorff, Renee Toxopeus, Kristin L Campbell, Neil D Eves, Susan L Ellard, Carolyn Gotay
INTRODUCTION: Physical activity is a cost-effective and non-pharmaceutical strategy that can help mitigate the physical and psychological health challenges associated with breast cancer survivorship. However, up to 70% of women breast cancer survivors are not meeting minimum recommended physical activity guidelines. Project MOVE is an innovative approach to increase physical activity among breast cancer survivors through the use of Action Grants, a combination of microgrants (small amounts of money awarded to groups of individuals to support a physical activity initiative) and financial incentives...
2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27018562/number-of-years-of-team-and-individual-sport-participation-during-adolescence-and-depressive-symptoms-in-early-adulthood
#13
Catherine M Sabiston, Rachel Jewett, Garcia Ashdown-Franks, Mathieu Belanger, Jennifer Brunet, Erin O'Loughlin, Jennifer O'Loughlin
The purpose of this study was to examine the longitudinal and unique association between number of years of team sport and individual sport participation during adolescence and depressive symptoms during early adulthood. Adolescents (n = 860) reported team sport and individual sport participation in each year of secondary school for five years. Participants reported depressive symptoms using the Major Depression Inventory three years after secondary school. Multivariate linear regression was performed to model the associations of sport participation with depressive symptoms while controlling for sex, age, parent education, and baseline depressive symptoms...
February 2016: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26961378/erratum-to-the-use-of-the-godin-shephard-leisure-time-physical-activity-questionnaire-in-oncology-research-a-systematic-review
#14
Steve Amireault, Gaston Godin, Jason Lacombe, Catherine M Sabiston
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26942682/assessing-practice-based-influences-on-adolescent-psychosocial-development-in-sport-the-activity-context-in-youth-sport-questionnaire
#15
Enrique García Bengoechea, Catherine M Sabiston, Philip M Wilson
The aim of this study was to provide initial evidence of validity and reliability of scores derived from the Activity Context in Youth Sport Questionnaire (ACYSQ), an instrument designed to offer a comprehensive assessment of the activities adolescents take part in during sport practices. Two studies were designed for the purposes of item development and selection, and to provide evidence of structural and criterion validity of ACYSQ scores, respectively (N = 334; M age = 14.93, SD = 1.76 years). Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) supported the adequacy of a 20-item ACYSQ measurement model, which was invariant across gender, and comprised the following dimensions: (1) stimulation; (2) usefulness-value; (3) authenticity; (4) repetition-boredom; and (5) ineffectiveness...
January 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26844062/body-image-emotions-perceptions-and-cognitions-distinguish-physically-active-and-inactive-smokers
#16
Gisèle A Contreras, Catherine M Sabiston, Erin K O'Loughlin, Mathieu Bélanger, Jennifer O'Loughlin
OBJECTIVES: To determine if body image emotions (body-related shame and guilt, weight-related stress), perceptions (self-perceived overweight), or cognitions (trying to change weight) differ between adolescents characterized by smoking and physical activity (PA) behavior. METHODS: Data for this cross-sectional analysis were collected in 2010-11 and were available for 1017 participants (mean (SD) age = 16.8 (0.5) years). Participants were categorized according to smoking and PA status into four groups: inactive smokers, inactive non-smokers, active smokers and active non-smokers...
2015: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26818101/changes-in-social-support-predict-emotional-well-being-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#17
Angela J Fong, Tanya M F Scarapicchia, Meghan H McDonough, Carsten Wrosch, Catherine M Sabiston
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer survivors who have completed surgery and adjuvant treatment have distinct social support needs that may relate to emotional health. There is little research on both levels of social support following treatment and the association between social support and emotional well-being over time following breast cancer diagnosis and treatment. The aims of this study were to assess (1) the direction and magnitude of change in social support quality and quantity and (2) the degree to which change in quality and quantity of social support predicted change in emotional well-being over time following completion of breast cancer treatment...
May 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26799227/intrapersonal-characteristics-of-body-related-guilt-shame-pride-and-envy-in-canadian-adults
#18
Eva Pila, Jennifer Brunet, Peter R E Crocker, Kent C Kowalski, Catherine M Sabiston
This study examined differences in body-related shame, guilt, pride, and envy based on intrapersonal characteristics of sex, age, and weight status in 527 Canadian adults. Compared to men, women reported significantly higher shame and guilt contextualized to the body. No sex differences were observed for envy or pride. Middle-aged adults reported higher shame and lower pride compared with young adults, whereas no age differences were observed with body-related guilt. Meanwhile, shame and guilt were highest for individuals who had overweight or obese weight status, and pride was highest in individuals with average weight status...
March 2016: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26264621/the-use-of-the-godin-shephard-leisure-time-physical-activity-questionnaire-in-oncology-research-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Steve Amireault, Gaston Godin, Jason Lacombe, Catherine M Sabiston
BACKGROUND: The Godin-Shephard Leisure-Time Physical Activity Questionnaire (GSLTPAQ) is one of the most often used questionnaires in oncology research, yet modifications to the scale are done with little evidence of psychometric testing. This study aimed to (i) document the frequency of use of the questionnaire for ranking (i.e., level of activity) and classification (i.e., active versus insufficiently active) purposes, (ii) summarize how the GSLTPAQ is used in terms of item content and scoring, and (iii) evaluate the extent to which validity evidence supports the use of the scale among cancer survivors...
2015: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26148319/a-qualitative-study-exploring-the-perceptions-of-sedentary-behavior-in-prostate-cancer-survivors-receiving-androgen-deprivation-therapy
#20
Linda Trinh, Kelly P Arbour-Nicitopoulos, Catherine M Sabiston, Shabbir M Alibhai, Jennifer M Jones, Scott R Berry, Andrew Loblaw, Guy E Faulkner
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To describe and understand the perceptions of sedentary behavior (SED) and the interests and preferences for a SED intervention of men on androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) within a two-phase (formative and intervention research) feasibility study. RESEARCH APPROACH: Qualitative, descriptive. SETTING: Princess Margaret Cancer Centre and Odette Cancer Centre, both in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: 27 men on ADT...
July 2015: Oncology Nursing Forum
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