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Jennifer Brunet, Eva Pila, Shauna Solomon-Krakus, Catherine M Sabiston, Jennifer O'Loughlin
The objectives of this study were to describe the cross-sectional associations between body-related self-conscious emotions and depressive symptoms in young adults and examine self-esteem as a moderator of these associations. Data from a population-based sample of 811 young adults were analyzed using hierarchical multivariate linear regression analysis. Body-related shame ( β = .26) and guilt ( β = .25) were positively related to frequency of depressive symptoms. Self-esteem was negatively related to frequency of depressive symptoms ( β = -...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Jason Lacombe, Guy Faulkner, Jennifer Jones, Linda Trinh, Catherine Sabiston
BACKGROUND: Depression symptoms are prevalent among breast cancer survivors (BCS). Reducing sedentary behavior (SED) may be a non-pharmaceutical strategy for alleviating depression symptoms. However, little is known about SED among BCS. PURPOSE: The present study aimed to: (i) describe SED behaviors among BCS and identify unique SED groups based on different SED dimensions; (ii) identify personal and cancer-specific factors that discriminate SED clusters; and (iii) examine the association between SED clusters and depression symptoms...
August 1, 2017: Psycho-oncology
Ahmad Alhashemi, Jennifer M Jones, David P Goldstein, Daniel Santa Mina, Lehana Thabane, Catherine M Sabiston, Eugene K Chang, James D Brierley, Anna M Sawka
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is common among cancer survivors, but fatigue in thyroid cancer (TC) survivors may be under-appreciated. This study investigated the severity and prevalence of moderate and severe fatigue in TC survivors. Potential predictive factors, including physical activity, were explored. METHODS: A cross-sectional, written, self-administered TC patient survey and retrospective chart review were performed in an outpatient academic Endocrinology clinic in Toronto, Canada...
August 14, 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
Eva Pila, Kimberely Jovanov, Timothy N Welsh, Catherine M Sabiston
Although exposure to physique-salient media images of women's bodies has been consistently linked with negative psychological consequences, little is known about the cognitive processes that lead to these negative effects. The present study employed a novel adaptation of a computerized response time (RT) task to (i) assess implicit cognitive processing when exposed to the body of another individual, and (ii) examine individual differences in social comparative emotions that may influence the cognitive processing of human bodies...
2017: PloS One
Andrée L Castonguay, Carsten Wrosch, Eva Pila, Catherine M Sabiston
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To test body-related shame and guilt as predictors of breast cancer survivors' (BCS') moderate to vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) during six months and to examine motivational regulations as mediators of this association.
. DESIGN: Prospective study.
. SETTING: Survivors were recruited through advertisements and oncologist referrals from medical clinics and hospitals in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
. SAMPLE: 149 female BCS...
July 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
Benjamin D Sylvester, Rashid Ahmed, Steve Amireault, Catherine M Sabiston
PURPOSE: Despite the recommendations for cancer survivors to engage in either moderate or vigorous physical activity, light-intensity physical activity may also have beneficial effects on mental health. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between light, moderate, and vigorous physical activity and depressive symptoms in breast cancer survivors over 1 year post-treatment. METHODS: Participants (N = 201) were a sample of breast cancer survivors who self-reported depressive symptoms and wore an accelerometer for seven consecutive days to measure physical activity, on five occasions every 3 months post-treatment for cancer...
May 11, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Eva Pila, Shauna Solomon-Krakus, Kara Egelton, Catherine M Sabiston
The present study explored how women aged 50-65 years reflect and make meaning of a lifetime of body and weight struggles. Seven purposefully selected women with longstanding body image challenges participated in interviews and reflected on their perceptions, thoughts, and emotions around their body and weight since childhood. Findings revealed consistent and consuming concerns about the body; prevalent body-related self-conscious emotions; influential social experiences that impact physical self-perceptions; and enduring impacts of weight bias, stigma, and discrimination...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
Isabelle Doré, Jennifer L O'Loughlin, Catherine M Sabiston, Louise Fournier
OBJECTIVE: To examine the factor structure, internal consistency, reliability, sex invariance, and discriminant validity of the French Canadian version of the Mental Health Continuum-Short Form (MHC-SF). METHOD: A total of 1485 French-speaking postsecondary students in Quebec, Canada (58% female; mean age = 18.4, SD = 2.4), completed the MHC-SF. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to assess the factorial structure of the MHC-SF. Internal consistency was assessed with Cronbach's alpha, and reliability was assessed with the rho reliability coefficient...
April 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
Lisa Kakinami, Erin K O'Loughlin, Jennifer Brunet, Erika N Dugas, Evelyn Constantin, Catherine M Sabiston, Jennifer O'Loughlin
OBJECTIVES: Intensity and duration of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior are individually associated with sleep, but their independent associations are poorly characterized. The objectives of this study were to determine if PA and/or sedentary behavior are/is associated with sleep quality and/or quantity in a young adult sample. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Montreal, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Participants (n=658) from the Nicotine Dependence in Teens Study...
February 2017: Sleep Health
Andree L Castonguay, Carsten Wrosch, Catherine M Sabiston
OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether within-person changes of breast cancer survivors' high-arousal negative affect (e.g., feeling scared, upset, anxious, or guilty) could predict high levels of diurnal cortisol secretion and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). In addition, goal adjustment capacities (goal disengagement and goal reengagement) were expected to buffer the effect of negative affect on cortisol and to increase its effect on MVPA. METHOD: High-arousal negative affect, self-reported MVPA, area-under-the-curve of diurnal cortisol secretion, and goal adjustment capacities were assessed in a longitudinal sample of 145 female breast cancer survivors...
April 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
S E Neil-Sztramko, C C Gotay, C M Sabiston, P A Demers, K C Campbell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Shauna Solomon-Krakus, Catherine M Sabiston, Jennifer Brunet, Andree L Castonguay, Katerina Maximova, Mélanie Henderson
PURPOSE: This study examined whether body image self-discrepancy was a correlate of depressive symptoms among 556 early adolescents (45% girls; Mage = 11.65, SD = .94 years). METHODS: Participants completed self-report measures of their self-perceived actual and ideal body shapes and depressive symptoms. Sex-stratified polynomial regressions were used to examine the associations between depressive symptoms and (1) agreement (i.e., similar actual and ideal body shapes); (2) discrepancy (i...
January 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Jennifer Brunet, Katie E Gunnell, Pedro Teixeira, Catherine M Sabiston, Mathieu Bélanger
The objectives of this study were to examine whether (a) measures designed to assess satisfaction of competence, autonomy, and relatedness needs in physical activity contexts can represent both general and specific needs satisfaction and (b) the specific needs are associated with concurrent moderate-to-vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA) participation (Time 1) and MVPA participation 4 months later (Time 2), beyond general psychological need satisfaction (PNS). Data from 544 adolescents (Mage = 14.1 years, SD = 0...
August 2016: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
Katie E Gunnell, Jennifer Brunet, Catherine Sabiston, Mathieu Bélanger
Despite research attention toward understanding relationships between psychological need satisfaction (PNS), moderate-to-vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA), and health-related quality of life (HRQoL), methodological limitations make it difficult to establish reciprocal and mediating effects. Reciprocal relationships between PNS and MVPA were examined over 4 years, and their effects on adolescents' change in dimensions of HRQoL were examined. Self-reported data were collected from 932 adolescents (Mage = 10...
August 2016: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
Cristina M Caperchione, Catherine M Sabiston, Marianne I Clark, Joan L Bottorff, Renee Toxopeus, Kristin L Campbell, Neil D Eves, Susan L Ellard, Carolyn Gotay
INTRODUCTION: Physical activity is a cost-effective and non-pharmaceutical strategy that can help mitigate the physical and psychological health challenges associated with breast cancer survivorship. However, up to 70% of women breast cancer survivors are not meeting minimum recommended physical activity guidelines. Project MOVE is an innovative approach to increase physical activity among breast cancer survivors through the use of Action Grants, a combination of microgrants (small amounts of money awarded to groups of individuals to support a physical activity initiative) and financial incentives...
2016: BMJ Open
Catherine M Sabiston, Rachel Jewett, Garcia Ashdown-Franks, Mathieu Belanger, Jennifer Brunet, Erin O'Loughlin, Jennifer O'Loughlin
The purpose of this study was to examine the longitudinal and unique association between number of years of team sport and individual sport participation during adolescence and depressive symptoms during early adulthood. Adolescents (n = 860) reported team sport and individual sport participation in each year of secondary school for five years. Participants reported depressive symptoms using the Major Depression Inventory three years after secondary school. Multivariate linear regression was performed to model the associations of sport participation with depressive symptoms while controlling for sex, age, parent education, and baseline depressive symptoms...
February 2016: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
Steve Amireault, Gaston Godin, Jason Lacombe, Catherine M Sabiston
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: BMC Medical Research Methodology
Enrique García Bengoechea, Catherine M Sabiston, Philip M Wilson
The aim of this study was to provide initial evidence of validity and reliability of scores derived from the Activity Context in Youth Sport Questionnaire (ACYSQ), an instrument designed to offer a comprehensive assessment of the activities adolescents take part in during sport practices. Two studies were designed for the purposes of item development and selection, and to provide evidence of structural and criterion validity of ACYSQ scores, respectively (N = 334; M age = 14.93, SD = 1.76 years). Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) supported the adequacy of a 20-item ACYSQ measurement model, which was invariant across gender, and comprised the following dimensions: (1) stimulation; (2) usefulness-value; (3) authenticity; (4) repetition-boredom; and (5) ineffectiveness...
January 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
Gisèle A Contreras, Catherine M Sabiston, Erin K O'Loughlin, Mathieu Bélanger, Jennifer O'Loughlin
OBJECTIVES: To determine if body image emotions (body-related shame and guilt, weight-related stress), perceptions (self-perceived overweight), or cognitions (trying to change weight) differ between adolescents characterized by smoking and physical activity (PA) behavior. METHODS: Data for this cross-sectional analysis were collected in 2010-11 and were available for 1017 participants (mean (SD) age = 16.8 (0.5) years). Participants were categorized according to smoking and PA status into four groups: inactive smokers, inactive non-smokers, active smokers and active non-smokers...
2015: Preventive Medicine Reports
Angela J Fong, Tanya M F Scarapicchia, Meghan H McDonough, Carsten Wrosch, Catherine M Sabiston
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer survivors who have completed surgery and adjuvant treatment have distinct social support needs that may relate to emotional health. There is little research on both levels of social support following treatment and the association between social support and emotional well-being over time following breast cancer diagnosis and treatment. The aims of this study were to assess (1) the direction and magnitude of change in social support quality and quantity and (2) the degree to which change in quality and quantity of social support predicted change in emotional well-being over time following completion of breast cancer treatment...
May 2017: Psycho-oncology
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