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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210917/link-between-physical-activity-type-in-adolescence-and-body-composition-in-adulthood
#1
Mathieu Belanger, Tarun R Katapally, Tracie A Barnett, Erin OʼLoughlin, Catherine M Sabiston, Jennifer OʼLoughlin
PURPOSE: We investigated whether type of physical activity (PA) (sports, running, fitness/dance) engaged in during adolescence is associated with body composition in late adolescence or early adulthood. METHODS: Data were drawn from 631 participants in the Nicotine Dependence in Teens study, a prospective investigation of students ages 12-13 years at inception. Self-report PA data were collected at baseline, in Grade 7, and every 3-4 months thereafter during the 5 years of high school (1999-2005)...
November 27, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133575/childhood-sports-participation-and-adolescent-sport-profile
#2
François Gallant, Jennifer L O'Loughlin, Jennifer Brunet, Catherine M Sabiston, Mathieu Bélanger
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to increase understanding of the link between sport specialization during childhood and adolescent physical activity (PA). The objectives were as follows: (1) describe the natural course of sport participation over 5 years among children who are early sport samplers or early sport specializers and (2) determine if a sport participation profile in childhood predicts the sport profile in adolescence. METHODS: Participants (n = 756, ages 10-11 years at study inception) reported their participation in organized and unorganized PA during in-class questionnaires administered every 4 months over 5 years...
November 13, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967773/physical-activity-and-depressive-symptoms-after-breast-cancer-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-relationships
#3
Jennifer Brunet, Jennifer L O'Loughlin, Katie E Gunnell, Catherine M Sabiston
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the cross-sectional and longitudinal relationships between moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) and depressive symptoms in women after treatment for breast cancer. METHOD: Accelerometer data on MVPA and self-report data on frequency of depressive symptoms were collected five times at ∼ 3-month intervals from women (Mage at Time 1 = 55.01 ± 10.96 years) who had completed treatment for breast cancer 3 months prior to study inception...
October 2, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924966/erratum-to-feasibility-of-a-telephone-and-web-based-physical-activity-intervention-for-women-shift-workers
#4
S E Neil-Sztramko, C C Gotay, C M Sabiston, P A Demers, K L Campbell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 18, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886393/body-checking-is-associated-with-weight-and-body-related-shame-and-weight-and-body-related-guilt-among-men-and-women
#5
Shauna Solomon-Krakus, Catherine M Sabiston
This study examined whether body checking was a correlate of weight- and body-related shame and guilt for men and women. Participants were 537 adults (386 women) between the ages of 17 and 74 (Mage=28.29, SD=14.63). Preliminary analyses showed women reported significantly more body-checking (p<.001), weight- and body-related shame (p<.001), and weight- and body-related guilt (p<.001) than men. In sex-stratified hierarchical linear regression models, body checking was significantly and positively associated with weight- and body-related shame (R2=...
December 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838886/smartphone-enabled-health-coaching-intervention-imove-to-promote-long-term-maintenance-of-physical-activity-in-breast-cancer-survivors-protocol-for-a-feasibility-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Paul Ritvo, Maya Obadia, Daniel Santa Mina, Shabbir Alibhai, Catherine Sabiston, Paul Oh, Kristin Campbell, David McCready, Leslie Auger, Jennifer Michelle Jones
BACKGROUND: Although physical activity has been shown to contribute to long-term disease control and health in breast cancer survivors, a majority of breast cancer survivors do not meet physical activity guidelines. Past research has focused on promoting physical activity components for short-term breast cancer survivor benefits, but insufficient attention has been devoted to long-term outcomes and sustained exercise adherence. We are assessing a health coach intervention (iMOVE) that uses mobile technology to increase and sustain physical activity maintenance in initially inactive breast cancer survivors...
August 24, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810377/self-esteem-moderates-the-associations-between-body-related-self-conscious-emotions-and-depressive-symptoms
#7
Jennifer Brunet, Eva Pila, Shauna Solomon-Krakus, Catherine M Sabiston, Jennifer O'Loughlin
The objectives of this study were to describe the cross-sectional associations between body-related self-conscious emotions and depressive symptoms in young adults and examine self-esteem as a moderator of these associations. Data from a population-based sample of 811 young adults were analyzed using hierarchical multivariate linear regression analysis. Body-related shame ( β = .26) and guilt ( β = .25) were positively related to frequency of depressive symptoms. Self-esteem was negatively related to frequency of depressive symptoms ( β = -...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763129/profiling-sedentary-behavior-in-breast-cancer-survivors-links-with-depression-symptoms-during-the-early-survivorship-period
#8
Jason Lacombe, Guy Faulkner, Jennifer Jones, Linda Trinh, Catherine Sabiston
BACKGROUND: Depression symptoms are prevalent among breast cancer survivors (BCS). Reducing sedentary behavior (SED) may be a non-pharmaceutical strategy for alleviating depression symptoms. However, little is known about SED among BCS. PURPOSE: The present study aimed to: (i) describe SED behaviors among BCS and identify unique SED groups based on different SED dimensions; (ii) identify personal and cancer-specific factors that discriminate SED clusters; and (iii) examine the association between SED clusters and depression symptoms...
August 1, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712348/an-exploratory-study-of-fatigue-and-physical-activity-in-canadian-thyroid-cancer-patients
#9
Ahmad Alhashemi, Jennifer M Jones, David P Goldstein, Daniel Santa Mina, Lehana Thabane, Catherine M Sabiston, Eugene K Chang, James D Brierley, Anna M Sawka
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is common among cancer survivors, but fatigue in thyroid cancer (TC) survivors may be under-appreciated. This study investigated the severity and prevalence of moderate and severe fatigue in TC survivors. Potential predictive factors, including physical activity, were explored. METHODS: A cross-sectional, written, self-administered TC patient survey and retrospective chart review were performed in an outpatient academic Endocrinology clinic in Toronto, Canada...
September 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632746/body-part-compatibility-effects-are-modulated-by-the-tendency-for-women-to-experience-negative-social-comparative-emotions-and-the-body-type-of-the-model
#10
Eva Pila, Kimberely Jovanov, Timothy N Welsh, Catherine M Sabiston
Although exposure to physique-salient media images of women's bodies has been consistently linked with negative psychological consequences, little is known about the cognitive processes that lead to these negative effects. The present study employed a novel adaptation of a computerized response time (RT) task to (i) assess implicit cognitive processing when exposed to the body of another individual, and (ii) examine individual differences in social comparative emotions that may influence the cognitive processing of human bodies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632240/body-related-shame-and-guilt-predict-physical-activity-in-breast-cancer-survivors-over-time
#11
Andrée L Castonguay, Carsten Wrosch, Eva Pila, Catherine M Sabiston
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To test body-related shame and guilt as predictors of breast cancer survivors' (BCS') moderate to vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) during six months and to examine motivational regulations as mediators of this association.
. DESIGN: Prospective study.
. SETTING: Survivors were recruited through advertisements and oncologist referrals from medical clinics and hospitals in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
. SAMPLE: 149 female BCS...
July 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497387/changes-in-light-moderate-and-vigorous-intensity-physical-activity-and-changes-in-depressive-symptoms-in-breast-cancer-survivors-a-prospective-observational-study
#12
Benjamin D Sylvester, Rashid Ahmed, Steve Amireault, Catherine M Sabiston
PURPOSE: Despite the recommendations for cancer survivors to engage in either moderate or vigorous physical activity, light-intensity physical activity may also have beneficial effects on mental health. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between light, moderate, and vigorous physical activity and depressive symptoms in breast cancer survivors over 1 year post-treatment. METHODS: Participants (N = 201) were a sample of breast cancer survivors who self-reported depressive symptoms and wore an accelerometer for seven consecutive days to measure physical activity, on five occasions every 3 months post-treatment for cancer...
November 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368744/-i-am-a-fat-baby-who-moved-to-a-fat-child-who-moved-to-a-fat-teenager-who-moved-to-a-fat-adult-women-s-reflections-of-a-lifetime-of-body-and-weight-concern
#13
Eva Pila, Shauna Solomon-Krakus, Kara Egelton, Catherine M Sabiston
The present study explored how women aged 50-65 years reflect and make meaning of a lifetime of body and weight struggles. Seven purposefully selected women with longstanding body image challenges participated in interviews and reflected on their perceptions, thoughts, and emotions around their body and weight since childhood. Findings revealed consistent and consuming concerns about the body; prevalent body-related self-conscious emotions; influential social experiences that impact physical self-perceptions; and enduring impacts of weight bias, stigma, and discrimination...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363262/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-mental-health-continuum-short-form-in-french-canadian-young-adults
#14
Isabelle Doré, Jennifer L O'Loughlin, Catherine M Sabiston, Louise Fournier
OBJECTIVE: To examine the factor structure, internal consistency, reliability, sex invariance, and discriminant validity of the French Canadian version of the Mental Health Continuum-Short Form (MHC-SF). METHOD: A total of 1485 French-speaking postsecondary students in Quebec, Canada (58% female; mean age = 18.4, SD = 2.4), completed the MHC-SF. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to assess the factorial structure of the MHC-SF. Internal consistency was assessed with Cronbach's alpha, and reliability was assessed with the rho reliability coefficient...
April 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346152/associations-between-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-with-sleep-quality-and-quantity-in-young-adults
#15
Lisa Kakinami, Erin K O'Loughlin, Jennifer Brunet, Erika N Dugas, Evelyn Constantin, Catherine M Sabiston, Jennifer O'Loughlin
OBJECTIVES: Intensity and duration of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior are individually associated with sleep, but their independent associations are poorly characterized. The objectives of this study were to determine if PA and/or sedentary behavior are/is associated with sleep quality and/or quantity in a young adult sample. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Montreal, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Participants (n=658) from the Nicotine Dependence in Teens Study...
February 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345941/the-roles-of-negative-affect-and-goal-adjustment-capacities-in-breast-cancer-survivors-associations-with-physical-activity-and-diurnal-cortisol-secretion
#16
Andree L Castonguay, Carsten Wrosch, Catherine M Sabiston
OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether within-person changes of breast cancer survivors' high-arousal negative affect (e.g., feeling scared, upset, anxious, or guilty) could predict high levels of diurnal cortisol secretion and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). In addition, goal adjustment capacities (goal disengagement and goal reengagement) were expected to buffer the effect of negative affect on cortisol and to increase its effect on MVPA. METHOD: High-arousal negative affect, self-reported MVPA, area-under-the-curve of diurnal cortisol secretion, and goal adjustment capacities were assessed in a longitudinal sample of 145 female breast cancer survivors...
April 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258410/feasibility-of-a-telephone-and-web-based-physical-activity-intervention-for-women-shift-workers
#17
S E Neil-Sztramko, C C Gotay, C M Sabiston, P A Demers, K C Campbell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793726/body-image-self-discrepancy-and-depressive-symptoms-among-early-adolescents
#18
Shauna Solomon-Krakus, Catherine M Sabiston, Jennifer Brunet, Andree L Castonguay, Katerina Maximova, Mélanie Henderson
PURPOSE: This study examined whether body image self-discrepancy was a correlate of depressive symptoms among 556 early adolescents (45% girls; Mage = 11.65, SD = .94 years). METHODS: Participants completed self-report measures of their self-perceived actual and ideal body shapes and depressive symptoms. Sex-stratified polynomial regressions were used to examine the associations between depressive symptoms and (1) agreement (i.e., similar actual and ideal body shapes); (2) discrepancy (i...
January 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736369/should-we-be-looking-at-the-forest-or-the-trees-overall-psychological-need-satisfaction-and-individual-needs-as-predictors-of-physical-activity
#19
Jennifer Brunet, Katie E Gunnell, Pedro Teixeira, Catherine M Sabiston, Mathieu Bélanger
The objectives of this study were to examine whether (a) measures designed to assess satisfaction of competence, autonomy, and relatedness needs in physical activity contexts can represent both general and specific needs satisfaction and (b) the specific needs are associated with concurrent moderate-to-vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA) participation (Time 1) and MVPA participation 4 months later (Time 2), beyond general psychological need satisfaction (PNS). Data from 544 adolescents (Mage = 14.1 years, SD = 0...
August 2016: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736288/linking-psychological-need-satisfaction-and-physical-activity-to-dimensions-of-health-related-quality-of-life-during-adolescence-a-test-of-direct-reciprocal-and-mediating-effects
#20
Katie E Gunnell, Jennifer Brunet, Catherine Sabiston, Mathieu Bélanger
Despite research attention toward understanding relationships between psychological need satisfaction (PNS), moderate-to-vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA), and health-related quality of life (HRQoL), methodological limitations make it difficult to establish reciprocal and mediating effects. Reciprocal relationships between PNS and MVPA were examined over 4 years, and their effects on adolescents' change in dimensions of HRQoL were examined. Self-reported data were collected from 932 adolescents (Mage = 10...
August 2016: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
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