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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437229/il-27-a-double-agent-in-the-il-6-family
#1
REVIEW
Gareth W Jones, David G Hill, Anna Cardus Figueras, Simon A Jones
The cytokine interleukin (IL)-6 is a major therapeutic target for the treatment of various inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. While IL-6 receives considerable attention in studies of innate and adaptive immunity, the IL-6-related family member IL-27 is increasingly recognized for its effects on cellular proliferation, differentiation and leukocyte effector functions. Both cytokines activate responses in myeloid and stromal tissue cells where they direct the transition from innate to adaptive immunity. However, they are frequently identified as lymphokines that control responses in T cells and B cells...
February 13, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434217/il-23-and-il-27-levels-in-serum-are-associated-with-the-process-and-the-recovery-of-guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome
#2
Jing Peng, Hui Zhang, Peidong Liu, Min Chen, Bing Xue, Rui Wang, Jifei Shou, Juanfeng Qian, Zhikang Zhao, Yanmeng Xing, Hongbo Liu
IL-23 and IL-27 are believed to be involved in the pathogenesis of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). However, changes in these cytokines during the dynamic pathological and recovery processes of GBS are not well described. In the present study, plasma was collected from 83 patients with various stages of GBS, 70 patients with central nervous system demyelinating diseases,70 patients with other neurological diseases (OND) and 70 age- and sex-matched healthy volunteers. Serum levels of IL-23, IL-27, and Campylobacter jejuni (CJ) IgM were assessed using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
February 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428559/elevated-il-27-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-is-associated-with-adverse-ventricular-remodeling-and-increased-risk-of-recurrent-myocardial-infarction-and-cardiovascular-death
#3
Helena Grufman, Troels Yndigegn, Isabel Gonçalves, Jan Nilsson, Alexandru Schiopu
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: IL-27 is an immunoregulatory cytokine belonging to the IL-6/IL-12 family that was found to be elevated in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients. We investigated whether IL-27 is related to post-ischemic cardiac remodeling and long-term prognosis in this patient group. METHODS: We included 524 ACS patients, defined as acute myocardial infarction (AMI) or unstable angina (UA). A subgroup of 107 patients donated blood samples 6 weeks after the index event, and underwent a follow-up echocardiographical examination at 1 year...
February 7, 2018: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408778/increased-serum-levels-of-tnf-%C3%AE-and-decreased-serum-levels-of-il-27-in-patients-with-parkinson-disease-and-their-correlation-with-disease-severity
#4
Ebrahim Kouchaki, Reza Daneshvar Kakhaki, Omid Reza Tamtaji, Ehsan Dadgostar, Mohammad Behnam, Hassan Nikoueinejad, Hossein Akbari
OBJECTIVES: Immunological basis of neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer and Parkinson disease (PD) has some important roles in their pathogenesis. There are conflicting studies to serum level of TNF-α in PD. Also, according to our finding there is no report evaluating serum level of IL-27 in PD. This study correlates the serum level of those factors with severity of PD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this case-control study, 83 patients with PD and 83 healthy volunteers were enrolled...
January 31, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399137/diagnostic-value-of-t-spot-tb-combined-with-inf-%C3%AE-and-il-27-in-tuberculous-pleurisy
#5
Meng Zhang, Dedong Xiong, Hongxia Li, Zonglan Wang, Renzhe Li
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the diagnostic value of T cells spot test (T-Spot TB) combined with interferon-γ (INF-γ) and interleukin-27 (IL-27) in tuberculous pleurisy. Sixty patients with tuberculous pleurisy (observation group) and 60 patients with non-tuberculous pleurisy (control group) were enrolled in this study. T-Spot TB was performed to detect the pleural effusion of two groups of patients. Levels of IFN-γ and IL-27 in serum and pleural effusion were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
February 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395656/serum-protein-marker-panel-for-predicting-preeclampsia
#6
Lifeng Cui, Chang Shu, Zitao Liu, Weihua Tong, Miao Cui, Chengguo Wei, Jian Jenny Tang, Xiufen Liu, Hujing Hai, Jing Jiang, Jin He, David Y Zhang, Fei Ye, Yulin Li
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia is a multi-system disorder in pregnancy which has no effective treatment. The diagnosis of preeclampsia is based on clinical presentation and routine laboratory tests. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at identifying serum protein markers for diagnosis of preeclampsia and predicting its severe features. STUDY DESIGN: In total, 172 pregnant women were enrolled in this study including 110 subjects with preeclampsia and 62 normotensive subjects...
January 29, 2018: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390341/accuracy-of-interleukin-27-assay-for-the-diagnosis-of-tuberculous-pleurisy-a-prisma-compliant-meta-analysis
#7
Min Li, Wenye Zhu, Rana Sami Ullah Khan, Ummair Saeed, Rongchun Wang, Shaoqing Shi, Zhuang Luo
BACKGROUND: The concentration of interleukin-27 (IL-27) in pleural effusions was found to be increased in tuberculous pleurisy and several studies have investigated the diagnostic value of IL-27 for tuberculous pleural effusions (TPEs), but the results varied a lot. We conducted the present study to comprehensively evaluate the diagnostic value of IL-27 for TPE. METHODS: Primary diagnostic test studies of IL-27 for TPE was searched and identified from databases...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382111/yirui-capsules-alleviate-atherosclerosis-by-improving-the-lipid-profile-and-reducing-inflammation-in-apolipoprotein-e-deficient-mice
#8
Jiqu Xu, Zumeng Xia, Shuang Rong, Hui Gao, Wei Yang, Jieliang Li, Congcong Ma, Qianchun Deng, Qingde Huang, Lingyun Xiao, Fenghong Huang
Atherosclerosis (AS) is the main cause of cardiovascular diseases. This study investigated Yirui (YR) capsules, whose ingredients are available in health food stores, against AS and the underlying mechanisms. Male apolipoprotein E-deficient mice fed a high-fat diet for 10 weeks developed severe aortic lesions, but YR significantly decreased the plaque area in the total aorta and aortic root. YR affected the serum lipid profile by significantly reducing total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), triglyceride (TG), and oxidative modification of LDL-C (Ox-LDL) levels...
January 29, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374078/locus-specific-reversible-dna-methylation-regulates-transient-il-10-expression-in-th1-cells
#9
Won Hwang, Choong-Gu Lee, Changhon Lee, Ravi Verma, Dipayan Rudra, Zee Yong Park, Sin-Hyeog Im
IL-10 is a pleiotropic cytokine with multifaceted functions in establishing immune homeostasis. Although expressed by Th1 and Th2 cells, conventional Th1 cells produce marginal levels of IL-10 compared with their Th2 counterparts. In this study, we investigated the epigenetic mechanisms of Il-10 gene expression in Th1 cells. Bioinformatics EMBOSS CpG plot analysis and bisulfite pyrosequencing revealed three CpG DNA methylation sites in the Il-10 gene locus. Progressive DNA methylation at all of the CpG regions of interest (ROIs) established a repressive program of Il-10 gene expression in Th1 cells...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358280/cytokine-and-tcr-mediated-regulation-of-t-cell-expression-of-ly6c-and-sca-1
#10
Jonathan H DeLong, Aisling O'Hara Hall, Christoph Konradt, Gaia M Coppock, Jeongho Park, Gretchen Harms Pritchard, Christopher A Hunter
Ly6C and Sca-1 (Ly6A/E) are Ly6 family GPI-anchored surface molecules that are differentially expressed by multiple immune populations. Ly6C expression has been used to distinguish short-lived effector CD4+ T cells from memory precursor effector cells, whereas Sca-1 has been used in the identification of CD8+ memory stem cells. This study examines the expression patterns of these molecules and establishes that, in vitro, IL-27, type I IFN, and IFN-γ are potent inducers of Ly6C and Sca-1 in naive mouse CD4+ and CD8+ T cells, whereas TGF-β limits their expression...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358273/ciap1-2-traf2-shp-1-src-myd88-complex-regulates-lipopolysaccharide-induced-il-27-production-through-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-activation-in-human-macrophages
#11
Aurelia Busca, Yulia Konarski, Niranjala Gajanayaka, Shifawn O'Hara, Jonathan Angel, Maya Kozlowski, Ashok Kumar
The inhibitors of apoptosis (IAP) proteins, initially described in the context of apoptosis regulation as promoting cell survival, have recently emerged as key regulators of innate immune signaling. As a result, downregulation of IAP via Smac mimetics (SMM) has both survival and immunoregulatory effects. IAPs modulate cytokine production in murine models either as a single agent or in response to LPS. However, the role of SMM and the involvement of IAPs in primary human cells and in particular macrophages with respect to cytokine production and innate immune responses remain largely unknown...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354801/il-27p28-production-by-xcr1-dendritic-cells-and-monocytes-effectively-predicts-adjuvant-elicited-cd8-t-cell-responses
#12
Augustus M Kilgore, Seth Welsh, Elizabeth E Cheney, Alisha Chitrakar, Trevor J Blain, Benjamin J Kedl, Chris A Hunter, Nathan D Pennock, Ross M Kedl
It is well accepted that the innate response is a necessary prerequisite to the formation of the adaptive response. This is true for T cell responses against infections or adjuvanted subunit vaccination. However, specific innate parameters with predictive value for the magnitude of an adjuvant-elicited T cell response have yet to be identified. We previously reported how T cell responses induced by subunit vaccination were dependent on the cytokine IL-27. These findings were unexpected, given that T cell responses to an infection typically increase in the absence of IL-27...
January 1, 2018: ImmunoHorizons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345347/interferons-and-beyond-induction-of-antiretroviral-restriction-factors
#13
REVIEW
Dominik Hotter, Frank Kirchhoff
Antiviral restriction factors are structurally and functionally diverse cellular proteins that play a key role in the first line of defense against viral pathogens. Although many cell types constitutively express restriction factors at low levels, their induction in response to viral exposure and replication is often required for potent control and repulse of the invading pathogens. It is well established that type I IFNs efficiently induce antiviral restriction factors. Accumulating evidence suggests that other types of IFN, as well as specific cytokines, such as IL-27, and other activators of the cell are also capable of enhancing the expression of restriction factors and hence to establish an antiviral cellular state...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344110/anti-interleukin-and-interleukin-therapies-for-psoriasis-current-evidence-and-clinical-usefulness
#14
REVIEW
Ya-Chu Tsai, Tsen-Fang Tsai
Anti-interleukin (IL) therapies have emerged as a major treatment for patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis. This article reviews the up-to-date results of pivotal clinical trials targeting the interleukins used for the treatment of psoriasis, including IL-1, IL-2, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12, IL-17, IL-20, IL-22, IL-23, IL-36 and bispecific biologics IL-17A/tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α). Cytokines involved in the circuits of psoriasis inflammation without ongoing clinical trials are also mentioned (IL-9, IL-13, IL-15, IL-16, IL-18, IL-19, IL-21, IL-24, IL-27, IL-33, IL-35, IL-37, and IL-38)...
November 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311230/s-aureus-colonization-induces-strain-specific-suppression-of-il-17
#15
Aylana Reiss-Mandel, Carmit Rubin, Morad Zayoud, Galia Rahav, Gili Regev-Yochay
Staphylococcus aureus is a pathogen that causes significant morbidity and mortality. Nasal carriage is a major source of transmission and of endogenous infection. Persistent carriage is detected in ∼30% of healthy individuals. While Th17 cells have been shown to play a role in S. aureus infection and clearance, the immune response to carriage is not well understood. Here, we evaluate Th17 responses and its potential inhibitors during S. aureus carriage. We recruited 25 volunteers, of whom 11 were persistent carriers...
January 8, 2018: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221667/interleukin-27-and-interleukin-37-are-elevated-in-sickle-cell-anemia-patients-and-inhibit-in-vitro-secretion-of-interleukin-8-in-neutrophils-and-monocytes
#16
A E Alagbe, A S Justo Junior, L P Ruas, W V Tonassé, R M Santana, T H C Batista, I F Domingos, A S Araujo, M A C Bezerra, M N N Santos, M H S L Blotta
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Inflammation is implicated in the pathogenesis of most complications seen in sickle cell anemia (SCA) patients. We aimed to evaluate serum levels of two newly discovered anti-inflammatory cytokines (IL-27 and IL-37), and pro-inflammatory cytokines among Brazilian SCA patients that are not on hydroxyurea therapy (HbSS), compared with hydroxyurea-treated patients (HbSSHU) and healthy controls (HbAA). Furthermore, we demonstrated the effect of IL-27, IL-37, and heme on in vitro secretions of IL-8 in human neutrophils and monocytes...
December 5, 2017: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218601/regulation-of-myelopoiesis-by-proinflammatory-cytokines-in-infectious-diseases
#17
REVIEW
Yukino Chiba, Izuru Mizoguchi, Hideaki Hasegawa, Mio Ohashi, Naoko Orii, Taro Nagai, Miyaka Sugahara, Yasunori Miyamoto, Mingli Xu, Toshiyuki Owaki, Takayuki Yoshimoto
Hematopoiesis is hierarchically orchestrated by a very small population of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) that reside in the bone-marrow niche and are tightly regulated to maintain homeostatic blood production. HSCs are predominantly quiescent, but they enter the cell cycle in response to inflammatory signals evoked by severe systemic infection or injury. Thus, hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) can be activated by pathogen recognition receptors and proinflammatory cytokines to induce emergency myelopoiesis during infection...
December 7, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216864/diagnostic-value-of-interleukins-for-tuberculous-pleural-effusion-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Ni Zeng, Chun Wan, Jiangyu Qin, Yanqiu Wu, Ting Yang, Yongchun Shen, Fuqiang Wen, Lei Chen
BACKGROUND: The ability of interleukins (ILs) to differentiate tuberculous pleural effusion from other types of effusion is controversial. The aim of our study was to summarize the evidence for its use of ruling out or in tuberculous pleural effusion. METHODS: Two investigators independently searched PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Knowledge, CNKI, WANFANG, and WEIPU databases to identify studies assessing diagnostic role of ILs for tuberculous pleural effusion published up to January, 2017...
December 8, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214756/serum-cytokine-profile-in-patients-with-chronic-rhinosinusitis-with-nasal-polyposis-infected-by-aspergillus-flavus
#19
Gargi Rai, Mohammad Ahmad Ansari, Sajad Ahmad Dar, Shyama Datt, Neelima Gupta, Sonal Sharma, Shafiul Haque, Vishnampettai Ganapathysubramanian Ramachandran, Arpeeta Mazumdar, Shivprakash Rudramurthy, Arunaloke Chakrabarti, Shukla Das
BACKGROUND: Fungi, especially Aspergillus flavus, can cause chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis and modulate host innate immune components. The objective of this study was to examine the serum levels of T helper (Th) cell subset Th1, Th2, and Th17 cytokines and total IgE in patients having chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis and Aspergillus flavus infection. METHODS: A case-control study including 40 patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis and 20 healthy controls was conducted...
March 2018: Annals of Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195127/rapamycin-synergizes-with-cisplatin-in-antiendometrial-cancer-activation-by-improving-il-27-stimulated-cytotoxicity-of-nk-cells
#20
Wen-Jie Zhou, Kai-Kai Chang, Ke Wu, Hui-Li Yang, Jie Mei, Feng Xie, Da-Jin Li, Ming-Qing Li
Natural killer (NK) cell function is critical for controlling initial tumor growth and determining chemosensitivity of the tumor. A synergistic relationship between rapamycin and cisplatin in uterine endometrial cancer (UEC) in vitro has been reported, but the mechanism and the combined therapeutic strategy for endometrial cancer (EC) are still unknown. We found a positive correlation between the level of IL-27 and the differentiated stage of UEC. The increase of IL-27 in uterine endometrial cancer cell (UECC) lines (Ishikawa, RL95-2 and KLE) led to a high cytotoxic activity of NK cells to UECC in the co-culture system...
November 28, 2017: Neoplasia: An International Journal for Oncology Research
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