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paediatric cardiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017631/infants-born-with-critical-chd-in-arizona-and-capacities-of-birth-centres-for-screening-and-management
#1
Lydia Villa, Brent Bjornsen, Heather Giacone, Erica M Weidler, Ekta Bajaj, Andrew Muth, Melanie Kennedy, Timothy Flood, Dianna Contreras, Joseph Spadafino, Ashish Shah
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to identify locations of births in Arizona with critical CHD, as well as to assess the current use of pulse-oximetry screening and capacities of birth centres to manage a positive screen. Study design Infants (n=487) with a potentially critical CHD were identified from the Arizona Department of Health Services from 2012 and 2013; charts were retrospectively reviewed. Diagnosis was confirmed using echocardiographies. ArcGIS was used to generate maps to visualise the location of treating facility and mother's residence...
October 11, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994365/cardiovascular-pre-participation-screening-in-young-athletes-recommendations-of-the-association-of-european-paediatric-cardiology-corrigendum
#2
Peter Fritsch, Robert Dalla Pozza, Doris Ehringer-Schetitska, Eero Jokinen, Vesna Herceg, Erzsebet Hidvegi, Renate Oberhoffer, Andreas Petropoulos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980097/decision-making-in-paediatric-cardiology-are-we-prone-to-heuristics-biases-and-traps
#3
Aedin Ryan, Sophie Duignan, Damien Kenny, Colin J McMahon
Hidden traps in decision making have been long recognised in the behavioural economics community. Yet we spend very limited, if any time, analysing our decision-making processes in medicine and paediatric cardiology. Systems 1 and 2 thought processes differentiate between rapid emotional thoughts and slow deliberate rational thoughts. For fairly clear cut medical decisions, in-depth analysis may not be needed, but in our field of paediatric cardiology it is not uncommon for challenging cases and occasionally 'simple' cases to generate significant debate and uncertainty as to the best decision...
October 4, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955719/impact-of-a-pediatric-cardiology-clinical-program-on-congenital-heart-disease-outcomes-in-guyana
#4
Debra Isaac, Vikhashni Nagesh, Alexandra Bell, Rodrigo Soto, Marisa Seepersaud, Kimberley Myers, Saif Zahir
Background: Children with congenital heart disease (CHD) in Guyana have not historically been managed with timely intervention, increasing the likelihood of serious, irreversible complications. In 2014, a pediatric cardiology clinical program (Guyana Paediatric Cardiology Steering Committee [GPCSC]) and partnership with International Children's Heart Foundation (BabyHeart) was developed to improve CHD care. Objectives: To describe the characteristics of CHD in Guyanese children and to determine the impact of GPCSC on CHD outcomes...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941075/patient-perspectives-on-priorities-for-emergency-medicine-research-the-perspex-study
#5
Stuart Vb McLay, David McCutcheon, Glenn Arendts, Stephen Pj Macdonald, Daniel M Fatovich
OBJECTIVES: To determine the priorities for emergency medicine research of patients currently in an ED and to compare their priorities with those of ACEM researchers. METHODS: A survey of current patients in the EDs of Royal Perth Hospital and Armadale Health Service. Patients gave their reason for presentation, suggested three important research priorities for emergency medicine and ranked their top 5 choices from a pre-specified list published by the ACEM researchers...
September 21, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915908/advances-in-paediatrics-in-2016-current-practices-and-challenges-in-allergy-autoimmune-diseases-cardiology-endocrinology-gastroenterology-infectious-diseases-neonatology-nephrology-neurology-nutrition-pulmonology
#6
REVIEW
Carlo Caffarelli, Francesca Santamaria, Dora Di Mauro, Carla Mastrorilli, Silvia Montella, Sergio Bernasconi
This review reports main progresses in various pediatric issues published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics and in international journals in 2016. New insights in clinical features or complications of several disorders may be useful for our better understanding. They comprise severe asthma, changing features of lupus erythematosus from birth to adolescence, celiac disease, functional gastrointestinal disorders, Moebius syndrome, recurrent pneumonia. Risk factors for congenital heart defects, Kawasaki disease have been widely investigated...
September 16, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857728/down-syndrome-and-transposition-of-the-great-arteries
#7
Brian McCrossan, Nicola McCay
There is an old adage in paediatric cardiology that, despite the high prevalence and wide spectrum of CHD, transposition of the great arteries does not occur in trisomy 21. We present a case of transposition of the great arteries, ventricular septal defect, and pulmonary stenosis in a patient with trisomy 21.
October 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840587/study-design-and-rationale-for-biomedical-shirt-based-electrocardiography-monitoring-in-relevant-clinical-situations-ecg-shirt-study
#8
Paweł Balsam, Piotr Lodziński, Agata Tymińska, Krzysztof Ozierański, Łukasz Januszkiewicz, Renata Główczyńska, Katarzyna Wesołowska, Michał Peller, Radosław Pietrzak, Tomasz Książczyk, Sonia Borodzicz, Łukasz Kołtowski, Mariusz Borkowski, Bożena Werner, Grzegorz Opolski, Marcin Grabowski
BACKGROUND: Today, the main challenge for researchers is to develop new technologies which may help to improve the diagnoses of cardiovascular disease (CVD), thereby reducing healthcare costs and improving the quality of life for patients. This study aims to show the utility of biomedical shirt-based electrocardiography (ECG) monitoring of patients with CVD in different clinical situations using the Nuubo® ECG (nECG) system. METHODS: An investigator-initiated, multicentre, prospective observational study was carried out in a cardiology (adult and paediatric) and cardiac rehabilitation wards ...
August 25, 2017: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803588/the-history-of-paediatric-cardiology-on-stamps
#9
Hazım A Gursu, Ibrahim I Cetin
Paediatric cardiology is arguably the sub-specialty in which the greatest advances have been made in both disease diagnosis and treatment over the past half a century. Paediatric cardiology emerged as a discipline in the 1930s. Since then, advances in imaging techniques such as echocardiography, angiography, CT, or magnetic resonance and extracorporeal circulation have provided excellent diagnosis and treatment of CHD. The pioneers of paediatric cardiology are more than eponyms, for each used in new and original ways the tools and concepts available in his or her era...
August 14, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799706/outcome-after-transcatheter-occlusion-of-patent-ductus-arteriosus-in-infants-less-than-6-kg-a-national-study-from-united-kingdom-and-ireland
#10
Sok-Leng Kang, Salim Jivanji, Chetan Mehta, Andrew J Tometzki, Graham Derrick, Robert Yates, Sachin Khambadkone, Joseph de Giovanni, Oliver Stumper, Rami Dhillon, Vinay Bhole, Zdenek Slavik, Michael Rigby, Patrick Noonan, Ben Smith, Brodie Knight, Trevor Richens, Neil Wilson, Kevin Walsh, Adam James, John Thomson, Jamie Bentham, Nicholas Hayes, Sajid Nazir, Satish Adwani, Arjamand Shauq, Ram Ramaraj, Christopher Duke, Demetris Taliotis, Vikram Kudumula, San-Fui Yong, Gareth Morgan, Eric Rosenthal, Thomas Krasemann, Shakeel Qureshi, David Crossland, Tony Hermuzi, Robin P Martin
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to report our national experience with transcatheter patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) occlusion in infants weighing <6 kg. BACKGROUND: The technique of transcatheter PDA closure has evolved in the past two decades and is increasingly used in smaller patients but data on safety and efficacy are limited. METHODS: Patients weighing < 6 kg in whom transcatheter PDA occlusion was attempted in 13 tertiary paediatric cardiology units in the United Kingdom and Ireland were retrospectively analyzed to review the outcome and complications...
August 11, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792829/mental-health-problems-among-nurses-in-paediatric-cardiac-intensive-care
#11
Renata Santos Tito, Patrícia Campos Pavan Baptista, Fabio José da Silva, Vanda Elisa Andres Felli
At present, there are growing rates of psychiatric symptoms among some occupational categories, with emphasis on health professionals who work in hospitals. This study aimed to identify the occurrence of mental health problems (anxiety and depression) among 92 nursing workers in a paediatric cardiac intensive care unit. This is an exploratory, cross-sectional study, with a quantitative approach. The research was conducted in a public university hospital specialising in cardiology, pneumology, and thoracic and cardiac surgery...
August 10, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789718/cardiovascular-pre-participation-screening-in-young-athletes-recommendations-of-the-association-of-european-paediatric-cardiology
#12
Peter Fritsch, Robert Dalla Pozza, Doris Ehringer-Schetitska, Eero Jokinen, Vesna Herceg, Erzsebet Hidvegi, Renate Oberhoffer, Andreas Petropoulos
Sudden death in young competitive athletes can be avoided by implementation of pre-participation screening programmes. A screening programme should be performed only by trained physicians and should include the athlete's personal and family history, physical examination results, and the readings from a 12-lead-electrocardiogram. The athlete should undergo this screening programme every second year to detect progressive diseases. In addition, the programme should include detailed instructions to the athletes to pause training during infections in order to prevent sudden death due to myocarditis...
November 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774463/clinical-trials-a-pending-subject
#13
B Gil-Extremera, P Jiménez-López, J D Mediavilla-García
Clinical trials are essential tools for the progress of clinical medicine in its diagnostic and therapeutic aspects. Since the first trial in 1948, which related tobacco use with lung cancer, there have been more than 150,000 clinical trials to date in various areas (paediatrics, cardiology, oncology, endocrinology, etc.). This article highlights the importance for all physicians to participate, over the course of their professional career, in a clinical trial, due to the inherent benefits for patients, the progress of medicine and for curricular prestige...
July 31, 2017: Revista Clínica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743619/organ-and-effective-doses-from-paediatric-interventional-cardiology-procedures-in-chile
#14
Carlos Ubeda, Patricia Miranda, Eliseo Vano, Diego Nocetti, Carlos Manterola
The aim of this study was to present the results of organ and effective doses for paediatric patients for different types of interventional cardiology procedures for age and weight groups, derived from a patient dosimetry pilot programme carried out in Chile, under the auspices of the International Atomic Energy Agency. Over seven years, a retrospective collection of demographic and patient dose data was obtained: age, gender, weight, height, number of cine series, total number of cine frames, fluoroscopy time, dose-area product (DAP) and cumulative dose at patient entrance reference point...
July 22, 2017: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700418/advances-in-paediatric-cardiology-2017-the-genetics-of-paediatric-cardiovascular-disease
#15
Daniel Bernstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 11, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608915/abc-om-pediatrisk-ekg-tolkning
#16
Caroline Fransson, Stefan Johansson, Cecilia Halvorsen
The ABC of paediatric ECG interpretation In paediatric patients, ECG is used as a tool for investigation of arrhythmias, chest pain, syncope, intoxications and congenital heart abnormalities. Paediatric ECGs differ significantly from adult ECGs, and change gradually during childhood, largely because of the changes that start with the transition of foetal circulation at birth. This evolution is most prominent during the first year of life, but it is not until the late adolescent years that the ECG corresponds to that of adults...
June 9, 2017: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604599/nutritional-challenges-in-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy
#17
REVIEW
Simona Salera, Francesca Menni, Maurizio Moggio, Sophie Guez, Monica Sciacco, Susanna Esposito
Neuromuscular diseases (NMDs) represent a heterogeneous group of acquired or inherited conditions. Nutritional complications are frequent in NMDs, but they are sometimes underestimated. With the prolongation of survival in patients with NMDs, there are several nutritional aspects that are important to consider, including the deleterious effects of overnutrition on glucose metabolism, mobility, and respiratory and cardiologic functions; the impact of hyponutrition on muscle and ventilatory function; constipation and other gastrointestinal complications; chewing/swallowing difficulties with an increased risk of aspiration that predisposes to infectious diseases and respiratory complications; as well as osteoporosis with an associated increased risk of fractures...
June 10, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595675/is-the-medical-treatment-for-arterial-hypertension-after-primary-aortic-coarctation-repair-related-to-age-at-surgery-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#18
Peter J Lillitos, Mohamed S Nassar, Shane M Tibby, Joy Simmonds, Caner Salih, Conal Austin, David Anderson, Thomas Krasemann
BACKGROUND: Hypertension following primary coarctation repair affects up to a third of subjects. A number of studies suggest that future hypertension risk is reduced if primary repair is performed at a younger age. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the risk of future medical treatment for hypertension depending on age of primary coarctation repair. METHODS: This study was carried out at a tertiary paediatric cardiology referral centre...
June 9, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587699/accurate-diagnosis-of-chd-by-paediatricians-with-expertise-in-cardiology
#19
Hannah C Jacob, Hannah Massey, Robert W M Yates, A Wilfred Kelsall
Introduction Paediatricians with Expertise in Cardiology assess children with a full history, examination, and often perform an echocardiogram. A minority are then referred to an outreach clinic run jointly with a visiting paediatric cardiologist. The accuracy of the echocardiography diagnosis made by the Paediatrician with Expertise in Cardiology is unknown. Materials and methods We conducted a retrospective review of clinic letters for children seen in the outreach clinic for the first time between March, 2004 and March, 2011...
August 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541122/chance-of-surgery-in-adult-congenital-heart-disease
#20
Carianne L Verheugt, Cuno Spm Uiterwaal, Ilonca Vaartjes, Enno T van der Velde, A C Zomer, Folkert J Meijboom, Petronella G Pieper, Marco C Post, Hubert W Vliegen, Mark G Hazekamp, Diederick E Grobbee, Barbara Jm Mulder
Background Young patients with congenital heart disease reaching adulthood face mandatory transition to adult cardiology. Their new cardiologist needs to assess the chances of major future events such as surgery. Using a large national registry, we assessed if patient characteristics at the age of 18 years could predict the chance of congenital heart surgery in adulthood. Design and methods Of 10,300 patients from the CONCOR national registry, we used general patient characteristics at age 18 years, underlying congenital heart defect, history of complications, and interventions in childhood as potential predictors of congenital heart surgery occurring from age 18 years up to age 40 and 60 years...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
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