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paediatric cardiology

Kara N Durski, Carol Tituli, Divi Ogaoga, Jennie Musto, Cynthia Joshua, Alfred Dofai, Jennie Leydon, Eric Nilles
INTRODUCTION: During May 2012, a rubella outbreak was declared in Solomon Islands. A suspected case of congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) was reported from one hospital 11 months later in 2013. This report describes the subsequent CRS investigation, findings and measures implemented. METHODS: Prospective CRS surveillance was conducted at the newborn nursery, paediatric and post-natal wards, and the paediatric cardiology and ophthalmology clinics of the study hospital from April to July 2013...
January 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
Martin Christmann, Ricarda Hoop, Hitendu Dave, Daniel Quandt, Walter Knirsch, Oliver Kretschmar
INTRODUCTION: Coronary artery fistula (CAF) is a rare congenital anomalous connection between the coronary arteries (CA) and a cardiac chamber or great vessel. Treatment options of symptomatic CAF consist of transcatheter or surgical closure. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of all patients with CAF diagnosed between 1993 and 2014 concerning treatment approaches and follow-up after closure. RESULTS: In a cohort of more than 25000 patients, 194 (<0...
October 11, 2016: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
Ekanem N Ekure, Wilson E Sadoh, Fidelia Bode-Thomas, Adeola A Orogade, Adeola B Animasahun, Oluwatoyin O Ogunkunle, Iretiola Babaniyi, Maxwell U Anah, Barbara E Otaigbe, Adebiyi Olowu, Frances Okpokowuruk, Samuel I Omokhodion, Ogechi C Maduka, Uvie U Onakpoya, Daberechi K Adiele, Usman M Sani, Mustapha Asani, Christopher S Yilgwan, Queennette Daniels, Chinyere C Uzodimma, Chika O Duru, Mohammad B Abdulkadir, Joseph K Afolabi, John A Okeniyi
BACKGROUND: Paediatric cardiac services in Nigeria have been perceived to be inadequate but no formal documentation of availability and distribution of facilities and services has been done. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and document the currently available paediatric cardiac services in Nigeria. METHODS: In this questionnaire-based, cross-sectional descriptive study, an audit was undertaken from January 2010 to December 2014, of the personnel and infrastructure, with their distributions according to geopolitical zones of Nigeria...
August 2, 2016: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
A M M Strijbosch, R Zwart, N A Blom, B J Bouma, M Groenink, S M Boekholdt, R de Winter, B J M Mulder, A P Backx
INTRODUCTION: Adolescents with congenital heart disease transition from a paediatric to an adult setting. This is associated with loss-to-follow-up and suboptimal care. Increasing numbers of patients justify a special program. In this study we evaluated the cooperative program between paediatric and adult cardiology departments in a tertiary referral centre. METHODS: In this retrospective study, patients with congenital heart disease with at least one appointment scheduled at the transition program between January 2010 and January 2015 were included...
November 2016: Netherlands Heart Journal
Antonio Sánchez Andrés, Inmaculada Salvador Mercader, Julia Seller Moya, José Ignacio Carrasco Moreno
INTRODUCTION: Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute vasculitis of unknown origin and predominant in males. The long-term effects of the disease depend on whether there are coronary lesions, particularly aneurysms. The prognosis of patients with giant aneurysms is very poor due to their natural progression to coronary thrombosis or severe obstructive lesions. OBJECTIVES: A series of 8 cases is presented where the epidemiology and diagnostic methods are described. The treatment of the acute and long-term cardiovascular sequelae is also reviewed...
September 16, 2016: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
Bhavika J Patel, Lillian Lai, Gary Goldfield, Renee Sananes, Patricia E Longmuir
Psychosocial health issues are common among children with cardiac diagnoses. Understanding parent and child perceptions is important because parents are the primary health information source. Significant discrepancies have been documented between parent/child quality-of-life data but have not been examined among psychosocial diagnostic instruments. This study examined agreement and discrepancies between parent and child reports of psychosocial health and quality of life in the paediatric cardiology population...
September 20, 2016: Cardiology in the Young
Nadine A Kasparian, Nathan Lieu, David S Winlaw, Andrew Cole, Edwin Kirk, Gary F Sholler
: Introduction This study aimed to (a) examine eHealth literacy, beliefs, and behaviours in parents of children with complex CHD, and (b) identify parents' preferences for the content, format, features, and functions of eHealth resources for CHD. Materials and methods Families (n=198) of children born between 2008 and 2011 and diagnosed with CHD requiring surgery were mailed a survey assessing a range of variables including eHealth literacy, beliefs, and behaviours as well as preferences for the format, functions, features, and content of eHealth resources for CHD...
September 19, 2016: Cardiology in the Young
Kathryn Browning Carmo, Tracey Lutz, Andrew Berry, Martin Kluckow, Nick Evans
AIM: To determine the role of clinician performed ultrasound (CPU) during the retrieval and transport of critically ill term and near term newborns. METHODS: A neonatologist with portable ultrasound accompanied a sample of newborn retrievals to perform cardiac and cerebral ultrasound before and after transportation. RESULTS: A total of fifty-five babies were studied. Median birthweight: 3350 g (2220-5030 g). CPU led to a change in the planned receiving hospital in ten babies...
September 15, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
Teresa Brooks, Jennifer Brown, Elaine Woolley
AIMS: To audit the new pharmacist-led telephone service for warfarin dosing and monitoring of INR, and compare it to the previous system. The previous system was based on the paediatric cardiology ward, dosing by junior medical staff to dose and documented on a paper system. Also to audit the parent satisfaction of the new system. METHODS: Search the computerised system to reveal 73 patients on warfarin with a total of 1547 INRs, and looked for any complications or out of range results...
September 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
A M Van Niekerk, R M Cullis, L L Linley, L Zühlke
BACKGROUND: Early detection of critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) through newborn pulse oximetry (POx) screening is an effective strategy for reducing paediatric morbidity and mortality rates and has been adopted by much of the developed world. OBJECTIVES: To document the feasibility of implementing pre-discharge POx screening in well babies born at Mowbray Maternity Hospital, a busy government hospital in Cape Town, South Africa. Parent and staff acceptance was assessed...
August 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
Dinesh Kumar, Euden Bhutia, Pradeep Kumar, Binoy Shankar, Atul Juneja, Sudha Chandelia
OBJECTIVES: To compare the diagnostic yield of acute rheumatic fever (ARF) by the American Heart Association/ American College of Cardiology (AHA/ACC) 2015 revised Jones criteria with the WHO 2004 and Australian guidelines 2012. METHODS: Retrospective observational study in 93 cases of suspected ARF admitted to the Division of Paediatric Cardiology between January 2012 and December 2014. WHO 2004, Australian guidelines and AHA/ACC 2015 Jones criteria were applied to assess definite and probable ARF...
2016: Heart Asia
Jamie N Colombo, Ricardo A Samson, Santiago O Valdes, Omar Meziab, David Sisk, Scott E Klewer
Sudden cardiac arrest is a rare but devastating cause of death in young adults. Electrocardiograms may detect many causes of sudden cardiac arrest, but are not routinely included in pre-athletic screening in the United States of America partly because of high rates of false-positive interpretation. To improve electrocardiogram specificity for identifying cardiac conditions associated with sudden cardiac arrest, an expert panel developed refined criteria known as the Seattle Criteria. Ours is the first study to compare standard electrocardiogram criteria with Seattle Criteria in 11- to 13-year-olds...
June 20, 2016: Cardiology in the Young
Rosalind J McDougall, Lauren Notini
Clinical ethics has been developing in paediatric healthcare for several decades. However, information about how paediatricians use clinical ethics case consultation services is extremely limited. In this project, we analysed a large set of case records from the clinical ethics service of one paediatric hospital in Australia. We applied a paediatric-specific typology to the case referrals, based on the triadic doctor-patient-parent relationship. We reviewed the 184 cases referred to the service in the period 2005-2014, noting features including the type of case, the referring department(s) and the patient's age at referral...
September 2016: Journal of Medical Ethics
T C Yu, A Py Liu, K S Lun, B Hy Chung, T C Yung
OBJECTIVE: To report our experience in the management of catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia in Hong Kong Chinese children. METHODS: This case series study was conducted in a tertiary paediatric cardiology centre in Hong Kong. All paediatric patients diagnosed at our centre with catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia from January 2008 to October 2014 were included. RESULTS: Ten patients (five females and five males) were identified...
August 2016: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
Victor Grech
The indexing of a journal in a prominent database (such as PubMed) is an important imprimatur. Journals accepted for inclusion in PubMed Central (PMC) are automatically indexed in PubMed but must provide the entire contents of their publications as XML-tagged (Extensible Markup Language) data files compliant with PubMed's document type definition (DTD). This paper describes the various attempts that the journal Images in Paediatric Cardiology made in its efforts to convert the journal contents (including all of the extant backlog) to PMC-compliant XML for archiving and indexing in PubMed after the journal was accepted for inclusion by the database...
January 2016: Journal of Visual Communication in Medicine
Susie J Schofield, Victoria L Doughty, Nicole van Stiphout, Rodney C G Franklin, Mark R Johnson, Piers E F Daubeney, Paul Cullinan
Epidemiological studies suggest a higher prevalence of congenital malformations in children conceived through assisted reproductive technologies. There are a few studies that address CHD specifically and most have examined data from registries. We examined the relationship between CHD and assisted conception using data collected in a specialist paediatric cardiac service in the United Kingdom. Between April, 2010 and July, 2011, the parents of children attending paediatric cardiology clinics at the Royal Brompton Hospital, London, were invited to complete a questionnaire that enquired about the nature of their child's conception, the route for their original referral, and a number of potential confounding exposures...
May 26, 2016: Cardiology in the Young
Maria Drakouli, Konstantinos Petsios, Vasiliki Matziou
UNLABELLED: Theme: Cardiology Introduction: Measuring quality of life (QoL) in children and adolescents with congenital heart disease (CHD) is of great clinical importance. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was: (a) to adapt the PedsQL Cardiac Module for children aged two to 18 years with CHD in a sample of the Greek population; (b) to determine its reliability and validity. METHODS: Forward and backward translation methodology was used. Parents and children completed the instrument during: (a) hospitalization and (b) visits in the paediatric cardiology outpatient department...
May 9, 2016: Nursing Children and Young People
Marc G Cribbs, David A Briston, Ali N Zaidi
OBJECTIVES: The growing number of women with CHD presents unique challenges, including those related to pregnancy, which can lead to significant morbidity and mortality. We sought to evaluate the perception of paediatric cardiologists towards the reproductive health of women with CHD. METHODS: Paediatric cardiologists in the United States of America were invited to participate in a cross-sectional, anonymous survey. Information solicited included knowledge of contraceptive methods, experience caring for pregnant women with CHD, and referral patterns including the utilisation of high-risk obstetric and adult CHD specialists...
April 11, 2016: Cardiology in the Young
Georg Hansmann, Christian Apitz, Hashim Abdul-Khaliq, Tero-Pekka Alastalo, Phillip Beerbaum, Damien Bonnet, Karl-Otto Dubowy, Matthias Gorenflo, Alfred Hager, Anne Hilgendorff, Michael Kaestner, Martin Koestenberger, Juha W Koskenvuo, Rainer Kozlik-Feldmann, Titus Kuehne, Astrid E Lammers, Heiner Latus, Ina Michel-Behnke, Oliver Miera, Shahin Moledina, Vivek Muthurangu, Joseph Pattathu, Dietmar Schranz, Gregor Warnecke, Peter Zartner
UNLABELLED: : The European Paediatric Pulmonary Vascular Disease (PVD) Network is a registered, non-profit organisation that strives to define and develop effective, innovative diagnostic methods and treatment options in all forms of paediatric pulmonary hypertensive vascular disease, including specific forms such as pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH)-congenital heart disease, pulmonary hypertension (PH) associated with bronchopulmonary dysplasia, persistent PH of the newborn, and related cardiac dysfunction...
May 2016: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
Carlos Ubeda, Patricia Miranda, Daniel Aguirre, Nemorino Riquelme, Dandaro Dalmazzo, Juan Vega
The aim of this study was to determine experimentally the scatter dose at the cardiologist's lower extremities in 10 common types of paediatric interventional cardiology procedures and categorised in four age groups of simulated patients, on the basis of measurements taken from characterisation of X-ray systems together with average fluoroscopy time values and the number of cine frames used as references. The highest scattered dose rates recorded during the simulations were 700 and 4000 µSv h(-1)for the low fluoroscopy and cine modes, respectively...
March 23, 2016: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
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