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Laparoscopic proctectomy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650357/defining-the-role-of-minimally-invasive-proctectomy-for-locally-advanced-rectal-adenocarcinoma
#1
Sarath Sujatha-Bhaskar, Mehraneh D Jafari, John V Gahagan, Colette S Inaba, Christina Y Koh, Steven D Mills, Joseph C Carmichael, Michael J Stamos, Alessio Pigazzi
OBJECTIVE: National examination of open proctectomy (OP), laparoscopic proctectomy (LP), and robotic proctectomy (RP) in pathological outcomes and overall survival (OS). BACKGROUND: Surgical management for rectal adenocarcinoma is evolving towards utilization of LP and RP. However, the oncological impacts of a minimally invasive approach to rectal cancer have yet to be defined. METHODS: Retrospective review of the National Cancer Database identified patients with nonmetastatic locally advanced rectal adenocarcinoma from 2010 to 2014, who underwent neoadjuvant chemoradiation, surgical resection, and adjuvant therapy...
July 22, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607292/laparoscopic-total-colectomy-for-ulcerative-colitis-after-liver-transplantation-is-feasible
#2
Benjamin Darnis, Gilles Poncet, Maud Robert
Ulcero-haemorrhagic rectocolitis can occur after liver transplantation for sclerosing cholangitis. Total colectomy with or without proctectomy may be indicated in case of chronic drug-resistant colitis, dysplasia or cancer. Today, laparoscopic approach is the standard for such procedure in non-operated patients. We performed a completely laparoscopic total colectomy 5 years after a liver transplantation. There were a few peritoneal adherences, and we could safely perform the procedure almost as usual. It provided all the advantages of the laparoscopic approach in the post-operative course...
July 2017: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607285/rationalisation-of-the-surgical-technique-for-minimally-invasive-laparoscopic-ileal-pouch-anal-anastomosis-after-previous-total-colectomy-for-ulcerative-colitis
#3
Francesco Giudici, Stefano Scaringi, Carmela Di Martino, Ferdinando Ficari, Paolo Bechi
INTRODUCTION: No previous study clearly focuses on laparoscopic technique to perform the second stage surgery (proctectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis [IPAA]) after total colectomy for acute/severe ulcerative colitis (UC). We describe the procedural steps for a simple and rational minimally invasive second stage surgery, reporting intra- and short-term post-operative results. PATIENTS AND METHODS: During the period December 2014-December 2015, 10 consecutive patients (8 males and 2 females) with mean age of 48 years underwent laparoscopic proctectomy and IPAA adopting our novel approach...
July 2017: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442832/risk-factors-for-conversion-and-morbidity-during-initial-experience-in-laparoscopic-proctectomies-a-retrospective-study
#4
Abdelmalek Hrora, Anass Mohammed Majbar, Mouna Elalaoui, Mohamed Raiss, Farid Sabbah, Mohamed Ahallat
The aim of this study was to determine the predictable factors for conversion during laparoscopic proctectomies, and for postoperative morbidity, in order to assist in defining the best candidates of patients for initial experience in laparoscopic proctectomies for rectal adenocarcinoma. A retrospective analysis of consecutive patients who underwent laparoscopic rectal resection for rectal adenocarcinoma operated by a single surgeon, between 2005 and 2012, were performed. Predictive factors for conversion and for postoperative morbidity were analyzed using univariate and multivariate analysis...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399840/a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial-to-evaluate-the-efficacy-morbidity-and-functional-outcome-of-endoscopic-transanal-proctectomy-versus-laparoscopic-proctectomy-for-low-lying-rectal-cancer-etap-greccar-11-trial-rationale-and-design
#5
Bernard Lelong, Cécile de Chaisemartin, Helene Meillat, Sandra Cournier, Jean Marie Boher, Dominique Genre, Mehdi Karoui, Jean Jacques Tuech, Jean Robert Delpero
BACKGROUND: Total mesorectal excision is the standard surgical treatment for mid- and low-rectal cancer. Laparoscopy represents a clear leap forward in the management of rectal cancer patients, offering significant improvements in post-operative measures such as pain, first bowel movement, and hospital length of stay. However, there are still some limits to its applications, especially in difficult cases. Such cases may entail either conversion to an open procedure or positive resection margins...
April 11, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381941/laparoscopy-for-rectal-cancer
#6
REVIEW
Chady Atallah, Jonathan E Efron
It is evident that the use of laparoscopy in the management of rectal cancer has gained popularity in the last few years. It is still, however, not widely accepted as the standard of care. Multiple randomized trials have shown that short-term outcomes and perioperative morbidity and mortality of laparoscopic proctectomy are equivalent to open surgery. However, data regarding long-term oncologic outcomes are still scarce, with only a few randomized trials reporting similar outcomes in both laparoscopic and open group...
April 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271268/robotic-versus-laparoscopic-rectal-resection-for-sphincter-saving-surgery-pathological-and-short-term-outcomes-in-a-single-center-analysis-of-130-consecutive-patients
#7
Alain Valverde, Nicolas Goasguen, Olivier Oberlin, Magali Svreck, Jean-François Fléjou, Alain Sezeur, Henri Mosnier, Rémi Houdart, Renato M Lupinacci
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive sphincter-saving rectal resection represents a challenging procedure. Robotic surgery for rectal cancer has several advantages over conventional surgery in performing precise dissection and was proved to be safe and effective in previous studies. However, comparison between laparoscopic and robotic rectal resection has drawn contradictory results. The aim of the present study was to compare robotic and laparoscopic sphincter-saving rectal resections for short-term and pathological outcomes...
March 7, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056250/-outcome-evaluation-based-on-evidence-based-medicine-of-laparoscopic-surgery-for-rectal-cancer
#8
H W Yao, Y H Liu
Laparoscopic surgery of rectal cancer has experienced more than 20 years of technical development and clinical research. Based on the published high-level clinical trials such as COREAN, COLOR Ⅱ, ACOSOG Z6051 and ALacaRT, laparoscopic surgery is recommended as method to treat rectal cancer by the NCCN Clinical Practice Guideline on Rectal Cancer (version 1.2016) with class 2A evidence. But it is also suggested that the surgeons should have experiences of performing minimally invasive proctectomy with total mesorectal excision...
January 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024946/short-and-mid-term-outcomes-after-endoscopic-transanal-or-laparoscopic-transabdominal-total-mesorectal-excision-for-low-rectal-cancer-a-single-institutional-case-control-study
#9
Bernard Lelong, Hélène Meillat, Christophe Zemmour, Flora Poizat, Jacques Ewald, Diane Mege, Jean-Claude Lelong, Jean Robert Delpero, Cécile de Chaisemartin
BACKGROUND: Transabdominal laparoscopic proctectomy (LAP) for rectal cancer was associated with postoperative recovery improvement. Early studies showed favorable short-term results of endoscopic transanal proctectomy (ETAP), with low conversion rates to open procedures. We aimed to compare efficacy, morbidity, and functional outcomes of ETAP to standard LAP for low rectal cancer. STUDY DESIGN: From 2008 to 2013, 72 consecutive patients received proctectomy and coloanal manual anastomosis for low rectal adenocarcinoma...
December 24, 2016: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997470/oncological-outcomes-after-robotic-proctectomy-for-rectal-cancer-analysis-of-a-prospective-database
#10
Tarik Sammour, Songphol Malakorn, Brian K Bednarski, Harmeet Kaur, Ui Sup Shin, Craig Messick, Yi-Qian Nancy You, George J Chang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the oncological outcomes of robotic total mesorectal excision (TME) at an NCI designated cancer center. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: The effectiveness of laparoscopic TME could not be established, but the robotic-assisted approach may hold some promise, with improved visualization and ergonomics for pelvic dissection. Oncological outcome data is presently lacking. METHODS: Patients who underwent total mesorectal excision or tumor-specific mesorectal excision for rectal cancer between April 2009 and April 2016 via a robotic approach were identified from a prospective single-institution database...
December 16, 2016: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990592/combined-notes-total-mesorectal-excision-and-single-incision-laparoscopy-principles-for-conservative-proctectomy-a-single-centre-study
#11
H Meillat, C de Chaisemartin, F Poizat, E Bories, R Fara, J R Delpero, B Lelong
BACKGROUND: Surgery for low rectal cancer remains a challenge when a standard laparoscopic approach is used. Transanal endoscopic total mesorectal excision (TME) has been shown to be feasible and to be associated with a low conversion rate. Combining the transanal and transabdominal single-port approaches (with an abdominal single port implanted in the future stoma and extraction site) could allow TME with minimal wound trauma, low morbidity, and faster recovery. The aim of the current study was to assess the short- and mid-term results of this technique...
January 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974672/long-term-outcomes-and-propensity-score-matching-analysis-rectal-cancer-resection-for-patients-with-elevated-preoperative-risk
#12
Hao Feng, Tobias S Schiergens, Zhi-Hai Mao, Jingkun Zhao, Xiaohui Shen, Ai-Guo Lu, Wolfgang E Thasler
BACKGROUND: It is still controversial about the treatment strategy for rectal cancer patients with elevated operative risk and elder rectal cancer patients. METHODS: This study presented a retrospective single center experience in rectal cancer proctectomy for high operative risk patients. High operative risk patient was defined as Cr-POSSUM > 5% combined with associated risk factors. 220 in 1477 consecutive patients met the inclusion criteria. RESULTS: 132 patients were selected (66:66) after propensity score matching...
April 11, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941329/advantages-of-early-preventive-ileostomy-closure-after-total-mesorectal-excision-surgery-for-rectal-cancer-an-institutional-retrospective-study-of-123-consecutive-patients
#13
Min-Wei Zhou, Zi-Hao Wang, Zong-You Chen, Jian-Bin Xiang, Xiao-Dong Gu
BACKGROUND/AIM: Preventive ileostomy is frequently constructed to minimizethe consequences of anastomotic leakage after resection of rectal cancer. There is no consensus regarding the best timing for temporary stoma closure after proctectomy for rectal cancer. This retrospective study sought to determine whether the timing of stoma closure influenced postoperative outcomes. METHODS: Subjects were 123 patients with rectal cancer undergoing laparoscopic or open total mesorectal excision surgery with preventive ileostomy from 2012 to 2015...
December 10, 2016: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934790/abdomino-endoscopic-perineal-excision-of-the-rectum-for-benign-and-malignant-pathology-technique-considerations-for-true-transperineal-verus-transanal-total-mesorectal-excision-endoscopic-proctectomy
#14
Hazar Al Furajii, Niall Kennedy, Ronan A Cahill
PURPOSE: Transanal minimally invasive surgery using single port instrumentation is now well described for the performance of total mesorectal excision with restorative colorectal/anal anastomosis most-often in conjunction with transabdominal multiport assistance. While non-restorative abdomino-endoscopic perineal excision of the anorectum is conceptually similar, it has been less detailed in the literature. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing non-restorative ano-proctectomy including a transperineal endoscopic component were analysed...
January 2017: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796599/robotic-assisted-colorectal-surgery-in-obese-patients-a-case-matched-series
#15
Jeffrey N Harr, Samuel Luka, Aman Kankaria, Yen-Yi Juo, Samir Agarwal, Vincent Obias
BACKGROUND: Reports demonstrate laparoscopic colorectal surgery in obese patients is associated with higher conversion to laparotomy and complication rates. While several advantages of robotic-assisted surgery have been reported, outcomes in obese patients have not been adequately studied. Therefore, this study compares outcomes of robotic-assisted surgery in non-obese and obese patients. METHODS: A retrospective review of 331 consecutive robotic procedures performed at a single institution between 2009 and 2015 was performed...
July 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27561925/phosphodiesterase-5-inhibitors-and-vacuum-erection-device-for-penile-rehabilitation-after-laparoscopic-nerve-preserving-radical-proctectomy-for-rectal-cancer-a-prospective-controlled-trial
#16
Haijun Deng, Dong Liu, Xiangming Mao, Xiaoliang Lan, Hao Liu, Guoxin Li
The current study sought to clarify the role of phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE-5i) and a vacuum erection device (VED) in penile rehabilitation after laparoscopic nerve-preserving radical proctectomy (LNRP) for rectal cancer. Participants were assigned to one of the following arms-no-intervention, nightly use of sildenafil 25 mg for 3 months after surgery, or concurrent use of nightly sildenafil 25 mg/day for 3 months and a vacuum erection device (VED) 10 to 15 minutes/day for 3 months-in a nonrandomized fashion...
August 24, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27421299/emergency-surgery-for-epidural-abcess-secondary-to-sacral-fistula-after-laparoscopic-proctectomy
#17
Jeremie Zeitoun, Benjamin Menahem, Audrey Fohlen, Gil Lebreton, Jean Lubrano, Arnaud Alves
A 61-year-old man presented via the emergency department with a few days history of abdominal and colic occlusion symptoms. He presented signs of sepsis, midline lumbar spine tenderness and reduced hip flexion. Computer tomography of the abdomen and pelvis showed a presacral collection contiguous with the posterior part of the colo-rectal anastomosis, and MRI lumbar spine revealed abscess invation into the epidural space. He underwent a laparotomy with washout of the presacral abscess and a colostomy with a prolonged course of intravenous antibiotic therapy...
2016: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27412123/characteristics-of-learning-curve-in-minimally-invasive-ileal-pouch-anal-anastomosis-in-a-single-institution
#18
Ahmet Rencuzogullari, Luca Stocchi, Meagan Costedio, Emre Gorgun, Hermann Kessler, Feza H Remzi
BACKGROUND: Previous work from our institution has characterized the learning curve for open ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA). The purpose of the present study was to assess the learning curve of minimally invasive IPAA. METHODS: Perioperative outcomes of 372 minimally invasive IPAA by 20 surgeons (10 high-volume vs. 10 low-volume surgeons) during 2002-2013, included in a prospectively maintained database, were assessed. Predicted outcome models were constructed using perioperative variables selected by stepwise logistic regression, using Akaike's information criterion...
July 12, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27388931/impact-of-conversion-to-open-surgery-on-early-postoperative-morbidity-after-laparoscopic-resection-for-rectal-adenocarcinoma-a-retrospective-study
#19
Anass Mohammed Majbar, Mourad Abid, Mouna Alaoui, Farid Sabbah, Mohamed Raiss, Mohamed Ahallat, Abdelmalek Hrora
BACKGROUND: The impact of conversion to open surgery after a laparoscopic resection for rectal adenocarcinoma on postoperative morbidity is still unclear. Most previous studies included colon and rectal carcinomas and produced conflicting results. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of conversion to open surgery on early postoperative morbidity in patients who underwent a laparoscopic resection for rectal adenocarcinoma. METHODS: This was a retrospective bicentric study...
September 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27312241/preliminary-results-of-robotic-colorectal-surgery-at-the-national-cancer-institute-cairo-university
#20
Ashraf Saad Zaghloul, Ahmed Mostafa Mahmoud
BACKGROUND: The available literature on minimally invasive colorectal cancer demonstrates that laparoscopic approach is feasible and associated with better short term outcomes than open surgery while maintaining equivalent oncologic safety. Reports have shown that robotic surgery may overcome some of the pitfalls of laparoscopic intervention. OBJECTIVE OF THE WORK: To evaluate early results of robotic colorectal surgery, in a cohort of Egyptian patients, regarding operative time, operative and early post-operative complications, hospital stay and pathological results...
September 2016: Journal of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute
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