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Christopher crane

Brian L Edlow, C Dirk Keene, Daniel Perl, Diego Iacono, Rebecca Folkerth, William Stewart, Christine L MacDonald, Jean Augustinack, Ramon Diaz-Arrastia, Camilo Estrada, Elissa Flannery, Wayne Gordon, Tom Grabowski, Kelly Hansen, Jeanne Hoffman, Christopher Kroenke, Eric Larson, Patricia Lee, Azma Mareyam, Jennifer A McNab, Jeanne McPhee, Allison L Moreau, Anne Renz, KatieRose Richmire, Allison Stevens, Cheuk Y Tang, Lee S Tirrell, Emily Trittschuh, Andre van der Kouwe, Ani Varjabedian, Lawrence L Wald, Ona Wu, Anastasia Yendiki, Liza Young, Lilla Zollei, Bruce Fischl, Paul K Crane, Kristen Dams-O'Connor
Epidemiological studies suggest that a single moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) is associated with an increased risk of neurodegenerative disease, including Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease (AD and PD). Histopathological studies describe complex neurodegenerative pathologies in individuals exposed to single moderate-to-severe TBI or repetitive mild TBI, including chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). However, the clinicopathological links between TBI and post-traumatic neurodegenerative diseases such as AD, PD, and CTE remain poorly understood...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
Joy Elizabeth Van Oudtshoorn, Alfredo García-Arieta, Gustavo Mendes Lima Santos, Christopher Crane, Clare Rodrigues, Craig Simon, Ji Myoung Kim, Sang Aeh Park, Yusuke Okada, Ryosuke Kuribayashi, Chantal Pfäffli, Arno Nolting, Iván Omar Calderón Lojero, Zulema Rodríguez Martínez, Wen-Yi Hung, April C Braddy, Nancy Arciniegas Leal, Diego Gutierrez Triana, Mitch Clarke, Peter Bachmann
PURPOSE:  The Biopharmaceutics Classification System (BCS) based biowaiver is a scientific model which enables the substitution of in vivo bioequivalence studies with in vitro data as evidence of therapeutic equivalence subject to certain conditions. Despite being based on the same principles, BCS-based biowaivers are interpreted and regulated differently among international regulatory agencies. In this survey, the Bioequivalence Working Group (BEWG) of the International Generic Drug Regulators Programme (IGDRP) compared the criteria for BCS-based biowaivers applied by the participating regulators and organisations...
2018: Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences: a Publication of the Canadian Society for Pharmaceutical Sciences
Ahmed M Amer, Mohamed Zaid, Baishali Chaudhury, Dalia Elganainy, Yeonju Lee, Christopher T Wilke, Jordan Cloyd, Huamin Wang, Anirban Maitra, Robert A Wolff, Gauri Varadhachary, Michael J Overman, Jeffery E Lee, Jason B Fleming, Ching Wei Tzeng, Matthew H Katz, Emma B Holliday, Sunil Krishnan, Bruce D Minsky, Joseph M Herman, Cullen M Taniguchi, Prajnan Das, Christopher H Crane, Ott Le, Priya Bhosale, Eric P Tamm, Eugene J Koay
BACKGROUND: The assessment of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) response to therapy remains challenging. The objective of this study was to investigate whether changes in the tumor/parenchyma interface are associated with response. METHODS: Computed tomography (CT) scans before and after therapy were reviewed in 4 cohorts: cohort 1 (99 patients with stage I/II PDAC who received neoadjuvant chemoradiation and surgery); cohort 2 (86 patients with stage IV PDAC who received chemotherapy), cohort 3 (94 patients with stage I/II PDAC who received protocol-based neoadjuvant gemcitabine chemoradiation), and cohort 4 (47 patients with stage I/II PDAC who received neoadjuvant chemoradiation and were prospectively followed in a registry)...
January 25, 2018: Cancer
Christopher H Crane, Eileen M O'Reilly
Standard palliative doses of radiation for locally advanced unresectable pancreatic cancer have had minimal to no impact on survival. Randomized trials evaluating these palliative doses have not shown a significant survival benefit with the use of radiation as consolidation after chemotherapy. Results from nonrandomized studies of 3- to 5-fraction low-dose stereotactic radiation (SBRT) have likewise had a minimal impact, but with less toxicity and a shorter treatment time. Doses of SBRT have been reduced to half the level that is necessary (biological equivalent dose, BED of 53 Gy) to achieve tumor ablation in the treatment of other solid tumors (100 Gy BED) to protect the gastrointestinal (GI) tract...
November 2017: Cancer Journal
Ghalib A Bello, Susan L Teitelbaum, Roberto G Lucchini, Christopher R Dasaro, Moshe Shapiro, Julia R Kaplan, Michael A Crane, Denise J Harrison, Benjamin J Luft, Jacqueline M Moline, Iris G Udasin, Andrew C Todd
BACKGROUND: Multiple comorbidities have been reported among rescue/recovery workers responding to the 9/11/2001 WTC disaster. In this study, we developed an index that quantifies the cumulative physiological burden of comorbidities and predicts life expectancy in this cohort. METHODS: A machine learning approach (gradient boosting) was used to model the relationship between mortality and several clinical parameters (laboratory test results, blood pressure, pulmonary function measures)...
November 17, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Lauren E Colbert, Shalini Moningi, Awalpreet Chadha, Ahmed Amer, Yeonju Lee, Robert A Wolff, Gauri Varadhachary, Jason Fleming, Matthew Katz, Prajnan Das, Sunil Krishnan, Eugene J Koay, Peter Park, Christopher H Crane, Cullen M Taniguchi
Purpose: To review acute and late toxicities after chemoradiation for locally advanced pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma in patients who were treated with escalated dose radiation (EDR). Methods and materials: Maximum Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events Version 4.0 acute toxicities (AT) during radiation and within 60 days after radiation were recorded for both acute gastrointestinal toxicity and overall toxicity (OT). Late toxicities were also recorded...
July 2017: Advances in Radiation Oncology
Yaacov R Lawrence, Jennifer Moughan, Anthony M Magliocco, Alexander C Klimowicz, William F Regine, Rex B Mowat, Thomas A DiPetrillo, William Small, Jeffry P Simko, Talia Golan, Kathryn A Winter, Chandan Guha, Christopher H Crane, Adam P Dicker
BACKGROUND: The majority of patients with pancreatic cancer who undergo curative resection experience rapid disease recurrence. In previous small studies, high expression of the mismatch-repair protein mutL protein homolog 1 (MLH1) in pancreatic cancers was associated with better outcomes. The objective of this study was to validate the association between MLH1 expression and survival in patients who underwent resection of pancreatic cancer and received adjuvant chemoradiation. METHODS: Samples were obtained from the NRG Oncology Radiation Therapy Oncology Group 9704 prospective, randomized trial (clinicaltrials...
October 20, 2017: Cancer
Chanelle J Howe, Akilah Dulin-Keita, Stephen R Cole, Joseph W Hogan, Bryan Lau, Richard D Moore, W Christopher Mathews, Heidi M Crane, Daniel R Drozd, Elvin Geng, Stephen L Boswell, Sonia Napravnik, Joseph J Eron, Michael J Mugavero
Reducing human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) racial/ethnic disparities is a high priority. Reductions in HIV racial/ethnic disparities can potentially be achieved by intervening on important intermediates. The population impact of intervening on intermediates can be evaluated using observational data when certain conditions are met. However, using standard stratification-based approaches commonly employed in the observational HIV literature to estimate population impact in this setting may yield results that do not accurately estimate quantities of interest...
July 13, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
Patricia A Deverka, Mary A Majumder, Angela G Villanueva, Margaret Anderson, Annette C Bakker, Jessica Bardill, Eric Boerwinkle, Tania Bubela, Barbara J Evans, Nanibaa' A Garrison, Richard A Gibbs, Robert Gentleman, David Glazer, Melissa M Goldstein, Hank Greely, Crane Harris, Bartha M Knoppers, Barbara A Koenig, Isaac S Kohane, Salvatore La Rosa, John Mattison, Christopher J O'Donnell, Arti K Rai, Heidi L Rehm, Laura L Rodriguez, Robert Shelton, Tania Simoncelli, Sharon F Terry, Michael S Watson, John Wilbanks, Robert Cook-Deegan, Amy L McGuire
National and international public-private partnerships, consortia, and government initiatives are underway to collect and share genomic, personal, and healthcare data on a massive scale. Ideally, these efforts will contribute to the creation of a medical information commons (MIC), a comprehensive data resource that is widely available for both research and clinical uses. Stakeholder participation is essential in clarifying goals, deepening understanding of areas of complexity, and addressing long-standing policy concerns such as privacy and security and data ownership...
September 22, 2017: Genome Medicine
Rajayogesh Davuluri, Wen Jiang, Penny Fang, Cai Xu, Ritsuko Komaki, Daniel R Gomez, James Welsh, James D Cox, Christopher H Crane, Charles C Hsu, Steven H Lin
PURPOSE: Host immunity may affect the outcome in patients with esophageal cancer. We sought to identify factors that influenced absolute lymphocyte count (ALC) nadir during chemoradiation therapy (CRT) for esophageal cancer (EC) and looked for clinically relevant associations with survival. METHODS AND MATERIALS: 504 patients with stage I-III EC (2007-2013) treated with neoadjuvant or definitive CRT with weekly ALC determinations made during treatment were analyzed...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Beth Han, Wilson M Compton, Carlos Blanco, Elizabeth Crane, Jinhee Lee, Christopher M Jones
Background: Despite the continuing epidemic of opioid misuse, data on the prevalence of prescription opioid use, misuse, and use disorders are limited. Objective: To estimate the prevalence of prescription opioid use, misuse, and use disorders and motivations for misuse among U.S. adults. Design: Survey. Setting: The 2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH). Participants: 72 600 eligible civilian, noninstitutionalized adults were selected for NSDUH, and 51 200 completed the survey interview...
September 5, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
Angela M Bengtson, Brian W Pence, Katie R Mollan, Jessie K Edwards, Richard D Moore, Conall OʼCleirigh, Ellen F Eaton, Joseph J Eron, Mari M Kitahata, William C Mathews, Heidi Crane, Michael J Mugavero
BACKGROUND: Evidence about the effect of initiating efavirenz-containing combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) as the first-line therapy on suicidal thoughts remains conflicting. METHODS: Using data from a cohort of HIV-infected adults enrolled in routine care across 5 sites in the United States, we included participants with a baseline patient-reported outcome measure and detectable viral load who initiated ART between 2011 and 2014. Participants were followed until the earliest of the following: first suicidal thoughts, discontinuation of initial ART regimen, death, loss to care (>12 months with no HIV appointments), or administrative censoring (2014-2015)...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
Rebecca Sims, Sven J van der Lee, Adam C Naj, Céline Bellenguez, Nandini Badarinarayan, Johanna Jakobsdottir, Brian W Kunkle, Anne Boland, Rachel Raybould, Joshua C Bis, Eden R Martin, Benjamin Grenier-Boley, Stefanie Heilmann-Heimbach, Vincent Chouraki, Amanda B Kuzma, Kristel Sleegers, Maria Vronskaya, Agustin Ruiz, Robert R Graham, Robert Olaso, Per Hoffmann, Megan L Grove, Badri N Vardarajan, Mikko Hiltunen, Markus M Nöthen, Charles C White, Kara L Hamilton-Nelson, Jacques Epelbaum, Wolfgang Maier, Seung-Hoan Choi, Gary W Beecham, Cécile Dulary, Stefan Herms, Albert V Smith, Cory C Funk, Céline Derbois, Andreas J Forstner, Shahzad Ahmad, Hongdong Li, Delphine Bacq, Denise Harold, Claudia L Satizabal, Otto Valladares, Alessio Squassina, Rhodri Thomas, Jennifer A Brody, Liming Qu, Pascual Sánchez-Juan, Taniesha Morgan, Frank J Wolters, Yi Zhao, Florentino Sanchez Garcia, Nicola Denning, Myriam Fornage, John Malamon, Maria Candida Deniz Naranjo, Elisa Majounie, Thomas H Mosley, Beth Dombroski, David Wallon, Michelle K Lupton, Josée Dupuis, Patrice Whitehead, Laura Fratiglioni, Christopher Medway, Xueqiu Jian, Shubhabrata Mukherjee, Lina Keller, Kristelle Brown, Honghuang Lin, Laura B Cantwell, Francesco Panza, Bernadette McGuinness, Sonia Moreno-Grau, Jeremy D Burgess, Vincenzo Solfrizzi, Petra Proitsi, Hieab H Adams, Mariet Allen, Davide Seripa, Pau Pastor, L Adrienne Cupples, Nathan D Price, Didier Hannequin, Ana Frank-García, Daniel Levy, Paramita Chakrabarty, Paolo Caffarra, Ina Giegling, Alexa S Beiser, Vilmantas Giedraitis, Harald Hampel, Melissa E Garcia, Xue Wang, Lars Lannfelt, Patrizia Mecocci, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Paul K Crane, Florence Pasquier, Virginia Boccardi, Isabel Henández, Robert C Barber, Martin Scherer, Lluis Tarraga, Perrie M Adams, Markus Leber, Yuning Chen, Marilyn S Albert, Steffi Riedel-Heller, Valur Emilsson, Duane Beekly, Anne Braae, Reinhold Schmidt, Deborah Blacker, Carlo Masullo, Helena Schmidt, Rachelle S Doody, Gianfranco Spalletta, W T Longstreth Jr, Thomas J Fairchild, Paola Bossù, Oscar L Lopez, Matthew P Frosch, Eleonora Sacchinelli, Bernardino Ghetti, Qiong Yang, Ryan M Huebinger, Frank Jessen, Shuo Li, M Ilyas Kamboh, John Morris, Oscar Sotolongo-Grau, Mindy J Katz, Chris Corcoran, Melanie Dunstan, Amy Braddel, Charlene Thomas, Alun Meggy, Rachel Marshall, Amy Gerrish, Jade Chapman, Miquel Aguilar, Sarah Taylor, Matt Hill, Mònica Díez Fairén, Angela Hodges, Bruno Vellas, Hilkka Soininen, Iwona Kloszewska, Makrina Daniilidou, James Uphill, Yogen Patel, Joseph T Hughes, Jenny Lord, James Turton, Annette M Hartmann, Roberta Cecchetti, Chiara Fenoglio, Maria Serpente, Marina Arcaro, Carlo Caltagirone, Maria Donata Orfei, Antonio Ciaramella, Sabrina Pichler, Manuel Mayhaus, Wei Gu, Alberto Lleó, Juan Fortea, Rafael Blesa, Imelda S Barber, Keeley Brookes, Chiara Cupidi, Raffaele Giovanni Maletta, David Carrell, Sandro Sorbi, Susanne Moebus, Maria Urbano, Alberto Pilotto, Johannes Kornhuber, Paolo Bosco, Stephen Todd, David Craig, Janet Johnston, Michael Gill, Brian Lawlor, Aoibhinn Lynch, Nick C Fox, John Hardy, Roger L Albin, Liana G Apostolova, Steven E Arnold, Sanjay Asthana, Craig S Atwood, Clinton T Baldwin, Lisa L Barnes, Sandra Barral, Thomas G Beach, James T Becker, Eileen H Bigio, Thomas D Bird, Bradley F Boeve, James D Bowen, Adam Boxer, James R Burke, Jeffrey M Burns, Joseph D Buxbaum, Nigel J Cairns, Chuanhai Cao, Chris S Carlson, Cynthia M Carlsson, Regina M Carney, Minerva M Carrasquillo, Steven L Carroll, Carolina Ceballos Diaz, Helena C Chui, David G Clark, David H Cribbs, Elizabeth A Crocco, Charles DeCarli, Malcolm Dick, Ranjan Duara, Denis A Evans, Kelley M Faber, Kenneth B Fallon, David W Fardo, Martin R Farlow, Steven Ferris, Tatiana M Foroud, Douglas R Galasko, Marla Gearing, Daniel H Geschwind, John R Gilbert, Neill R Graff-Radford, Robert C Green, John H Growdon, Ronald L Hamilton, Lindy E Harrell, Lawrence S Honig, Matthew J Huentelman, Christine M Hulette, Bradley T Hyman, Gail P Jarvik, Erin Abner, Lee-Way Jin, Gyungah Jun, Anna Karydas, Jeffrey A Kaye, Ronald Kim, Neil W Kowall, Joel H Kramer, Frank M LaFerla, James J Lah, James B Leverenz, Allan I Levey, Ge Li, Andrew P Lieberman, Kathryn L Lunetta, Constantine G Lyketsos, Daniel C Marson, Frank Martiniuk, Deborah C Mash, Eliezer Masliah, Wayne C McCormick, Susan M McCurry, Andrew N McDavid, Ann C McKee, Marsel Mesulam, Bruce L Miller, Carol A Miller, Joshua W Miller, John C Morris, Jill R Murrell, Amanda J Myers, Sid O'Bryant, John M Olichney, Vernon S Pankratz, Joseph E Parisi, Henry L Paulson, William Perry, Elaine Peskind, Aimee Pierce, Wayne W Poon, Huntington Potter, Joseph F Quinn, Ashok Raj, Murray Raskind, Barry Reisberg, Christiane Reitz, John M Ringman, Erik D Roberson, Ekaterina Rogaeva, Howard J Rosen, Roger N Rosenberg, Mark A Sager, Andrew J Saykin, Julie A Schneider, Lon S Schneider, William W Seeley, Amanda G Smith, Joshua A Sonnen, Salvatore Spina, Robert A Stern, Russell H Swerdlow, Rudolph E Tanzi, Tricia A Thornton-Wells, John Q Trojanowski, Juan C Troncoso, Vivianna M Van Deerlin, Linda J Van Eldik, Harry V Vinters, Jean Paul Vonsattel, Sandra Weintraub, Kathleen A Welsh-Bohmer, Kirk C Wilhelmsen, Jennifer Williamson, Thomas S Wingo, Randall L Woltjer, Clinton B Wright, Chang-En Yu, Lei Yu, Fabienne Garzia, Feroze Golamaully, Gislain Septier, Sebastien Engelborghs, Rik Vandenberghe, Peter P De Deyn, Carmen Muñoz Fernadez, Yoland Aladro Benito, Hakan Thonberg, Charlotte Forsell, Lena Lilius, Anne Kinhult-Stählbom, Lena Kilander, RoseMarie Brundin, Letizia Concari, Seppo Helisalmi, Anne Maria Koivisto, Annakaisa Haapasalo, Vincent Dermecourt, Nathalie Fievet, Olivier Hanon, Carole Dufouil, Alexis Brice, Karen Ritchie, Bruno Dubois, Jayanadra J Himali, C Dirk Keene, JoAnn Tschanz, Annette L Fitzpatrick, Walter A Kukull, Maria Norton, Thor Aspelund, Eric B Larson, Ron Munger, Jerome I Rotter, Richard B Lipton, María J Bullido, Albert Hofman, Thomas J Montine, Eliecer Coto, Eric Boerwinkle, Ronald C Petersen, Victoria Alvarez, Fernando Rivadeneira, Eric M Reiman, Maura Gallo, Christopher J O'Donnell, Joan S Reisch, Amalia Cecilia Bruni, Donald R Royall, Martin Dichgans, Mary Sano, Daniela Galimberti, Peter St George-Hyslop, Elio Scarpini, Debby W Tsuang, Michelangelo Mancuso, Ubaldo Bonuccelli, Ashley R Winslow, Antonio Daniele, Chuang-Kuo Wu, Oliver Peters, Benedetta Nacmias, Matthias Riemenschneider, Reinhard Heun, Carol Brayne, David C Rubinsztein, Jose Bras, Rita Guerreiro, Ammar Al-Chalabi, Christopher E Shaw, John Collinge, David Mann, Magda Tsolaki, Jordi Clarimón, Rebecca Sussams, Simon Lovestone, Michael C O'Donovan, Michael J Owen, Timothy W Behrens, Simon Mead, Alison M Goate, Andre G Uitterlinden, Clive Holmes, Carlos Cruchaga, Martin Ingelsson, David A Bennett, John Powell, Todd E Golde, Caroline Graff, Philip L De Jager, Kevin Morgan, Nilufer Ertekin-Taner, Onofre Combarros, Bruce M Psaty, Peter Passmore, Steven G Younkin, Claudine Berr, Vilmundur Gudnason, Dan Rujescu, Dennis W Dickson, Jean-François Dartigues, Anita L DeStefano, Sara Ortega-Cubero, Hakon Hakonarson, Dominique Campion, Merce Boada, John Keoni Kauwe, Lindsay A Farrer, Christine Van Broeckhoven, M Arfan Ikram, Lesley Jones, Jonathan L Haines, Christophe Tzourio, Lenore J Launer, Valentina Escott-Price, Richard Mayeux, Jean-François Deleuze, Najaf Amin, Peter A Holmans, Margaret A Pericak-Vance, Philippe Amouyel, Cornelia M van Duijn, Alfredo Ramirez, Li-San Wang, Jean-Charles Lambert, Sudha Seshadri, Julie Williams, Gerard D Schellenberg
We identified rare coding variants associated with Alzheimer's disease in a three-stage case-control study of 85,133 subjects. In stage 1, we genotyped 34,174 samples using a whole-exome microarray. In stage 2, we tested associated variants (P < 1 × 10(-4)) in 35,962 independent samples using de novo genotyping and imputed genotypes. In stage 3, we used an additional 14,997 samples to test the most significant stage 2 associations (P < 5 × 10(-8)) using imputed genotypes. We observed three new genome-wide significant nonsynonymous variants associated with Alzheimer's disease: a protective variant in PLCG2 (rs72824905: p...
September 2017: Nature Genetics
Mohan Suntharalingam, Kathryn Winter, David Ilson, Adam P Dicker, Lisa Kachnic, André Konski, A Bapsi Chakravarthy, Christopher J Anker, Harish Thakrar, Naomi Horiba, Ajay Dubey, Joel S Greenberger, Adam Raben, Jeffrey Giguere, Kevin Roof, Gregory Videtic, Jondavid Pollock, Howard Safran, Christopher H Crane
Importance: The role of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibition in chemoradiation strategies in the nonoperative treatment of patients with esophageal cancer remains uncertain. Objective: To evaluate the benefit of cetuximab added to concurrent chemoradiation therapy for patients undergoing nonoperative treatment of esophageal carcinoma. Design, Setting, and Participants: A National Cancer Institute (NCI) sponsored, multicenter, phase 3, randomized clinical trial open to patients with biopsy-proven carcinoma of the esophagus...
November 1, 2017: JAMA Oncology
Jenny Yiend, Antonella Trotta, Christopher Meek, Ilvana Dzafic, Nora Baldus, Bryony Crane, Thomas Kabir, Daniel Stahl, Margaret Heslin, Sukhwinder Shergill, Philip McGuire, Emmanuelle Peters
BACKGROUND: Persecutory delusions are the most common type of delusions in psychosis and present in around 10-15% of the general population. Persecutory delusions are thought to be sustained by biased cognitive and emotional processes. Recent advances favour targeted interventions, focussing on specific symptoms or mechanisms. Our aim is to test the clinical feasibility of a novel psychological intervention, which manipulates biased interpretations toward more adaptive processing, in order to reduce paranoia in patients...
June 29, 2017: Trials
Joseph J Park, Carla Hajj, Marsha Reyngold, Weiji Shi, Zhigang Zhang, John J Cuaron, Christopher H Crane, Eileen M O'Reilly, Maeve A Lowery, Kenneth H Yu, Karyn A Goodman, Abraham J Wu
BACKGROUND: Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) is an emerging treatment option for unresectable pancreatic cancer, and is postulated to be more effective and less toxic than conventionally fractionated intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed unresectable stage I-III pancreatic adenocarcinoma treated from 2008 to 2016 at our institution with SBRT (five fractions, 30-33 Gy) or IMRT (25-28 fractions, 45-56 Gy with concurrent chemotherapy)...
June 29, 2017: Acta Oncologica
Bryan Hartzler, Julia C Dombrowski, Jason R Williams, Heidi M Crane, Joseph J Eron, Elvin H Geng, Christopher Mathews, Kenneth H Mayer, Richard D Moore, Michael J Mugavero, Sonia Napravnik, Benigno Rodriguez, Dennis M Donovan
Substance use disorders (SUDs) are thought to predict care discontinuity, though magnitude and substance-specific variance of effects are unclear. This report of analytic work undertaken with a multi-regional American cohort of 9153 care enrollees addresses these gaps. Care retention was computed from 24-month post-linkage clinic visit documentation, with SUD cases identified from patient-report screening instruments. Two generalized estimating equations tested binary and hierarchial SUD predictors of retention, and potential effect modification by patient age-group, sex, and care site...
June 13, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
Eugene J Koay, Bruno C Odisio, Milind Javle, Jean-Nicolas Vauthey, Christopher H Crane
Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma often causes death due to obstruction of the biliary system or interruption of the vascular supply of the liver. This fact emphasizes the critical need for local tumor control in this disease. Successful local tumor control has traditionally been achievable through surgical resection for the small proportion of patients with operable tumors. Technological advances in radiation oncology and in interventional radiology have enabled the delivery of ablative radiation doses or other cytotoxic therapies for tumors in the liver...
April 2017: Hepatobiliary Surgery and Nutrition
Stephen R Cole, Jessie K Edwards, H Irene Hall, M Alan Brookhart, W Christopher Mathews, Richard D Moore, Heidi M Crane, Mari M Kitahata, Michael J Mugavero, Michael S Saag, Joseph J Eron
Background.: The long-term effectiveness of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) treatments containing integrase inhibitors is unknown. Methods.: We use observational data from the Centers for AIDS Research Network of Integrated Clinical Systems and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to estimate 4-year risk of AIDS and all-cause mortality among 415 patients starting a raltegravir regimen compared to 2646 starting an efavirenz regimen (both regimens include emtricitabine and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate)...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Jeffrey R Olsen, Jennifer Moughan, Robert Myerson, Andre Abitbol, Desiree E Doncals, Douglas Johnson, Tracey E Schefter, Yuhchyau Chen, Barbara Fisher, Jeff Michalski, Samir Narayan, Albert Chang, Christopher H Crane, Lisa Kachnic
PURPOSE: NRG Oncology RTOG 0529 assessed the feasibility of dose-painted intensity modulated radiation therapy (DP-IMRT) to reduce the acute morbidity of chemoradiation with 5-fluorouracil (5FU) and mitomycin-C (MMC) for T2-4N0-3M0 anal cancer. This secondary analysis was performed to identify patient and treatment factors associated with acute and late gastrointestinal (GI) adverse events (AEs). METHODS AND MATERIALS: NRG Oncology RTOG 0529 treatment plans were reviewed to extract dose-volume data for tightly contoured small bowel, loosely contoured anterior pelvic contents (APC), and uninvolved colon outside the target volume (UC)...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
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