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Methionine supplement

Marzena Matejczyk, Grzegorz Świderski, Renata Świsłocka, Stanisław Józef Rosochacki, Włodzimierz Lewandowski
The most important problems of anti-cancer therapy include the toxicity of the drugs applied to healthy cells and the multi-drug cells resistance to chemotherapeutics. One of the most commonly used anticancer drugs is doxorubicin (DOX) used to treat certain leukemias and non-Hodgkin's lymphomas, as well as bladder, breast, stomach, lung, ovarian, thyroid, multiple myeloma and other cancers. Preliminary studies showed that metal complex with DOX improve its cytostatic activity with changes in their molecular structure and distribution of electrons, resulting in a substantial change of its biological activity (including antitumor activity)...
July 2018: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
Lluís Fabà, Josep Gasa, Mike D Tokach, Evelia Varella, David Solà-Oriol
Lameness is a primary reason for culling and mortality within a sow herd. This study evaluated the impact of feeding organic trace minerals and methionine (Met) to growing gilts (134 d) on lameness, performance, body composition and claw health (to first parity), productivity (to second parity), and reproductive performance through 2 parities. Young gilts [28.8 ± 8.8 kg of body weight (BW), n = 360] were BW blocked (10 gilts/pen) and randomly allotted to 1 of 4 dietary treatments: control (CON, basal diet); CON plus organic minerals (MIN, at 10, 20 and 50 mg/kg of Cu, Mn and Zn, respectively; Aplomotec Plus, Tecnología & Vitaminas, S...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
Guangyong Zhao
Cattle supply important amounts of nutritious products such as beef and milk for human consumption. However, cattle excrete large amounts of feces and urine with low utilization rate of dietary crude protein (CP). These not only negatively affect the global environment by emission of ammonia (NH3), nitrous oxide (N2O) and N bleaching the soil and underground water, but also increase the feed cost. The low nitrogen (N) utilization rate of cattle could possibly result from the activity of rumen microorganisms degrading feed protein...
May 14, 2018: Current Protein & Peptide Science
M A Fagundes, S Y Yang, J-S Eun, J O Hall, J O Moon, J S Park
The present study investigated production responses and ruminal fermentation characteristics of lactating dairy cows when supplemented with N-acetyl-l-Met (NALM) as a source of rumen-protected Met in metabolizable protein (MP)-deficient (MPD) or MP-adequate diet (MPA). Eight lactating dairy cows (53 ± 10.4 d in milk, average ± standard deviation) were blocked by parity and days in milk, and the experiment was performed in a replicated 4 × 4 Latin square design. Within each square, cows were randomly assigned to a sequence of 4 diets during each of the four 21-d periods (14 d of treatment adaptation and 7 d of data collection and sampling)...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
Holly M Brown-Borg, Sharlene Rakoczy, Joseph A Wonderlich, Kurt E Borg, Lalida Rojanathammanee
Extension of mammalian health and life span has been achieved using various dietary interventions. We previously reported that restricting dietary methionine (MET) content extends life span only when growth hormone signaling is intact (no life span increase in GH deficiency or GH resistance). To understand the metabolic responses of altered dietary MET in the context of accelerated aging (high GH), the current study evaluated MET and related pathways in short-living GH transgenic (GH Tg) and wild-type mice following 8 weeks of restricted (0...
April 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
J O Zeitz, S Mohrmann, L Fehse, E Most, A Helmbrecht, B Saremi, K Eder
This study hypothesized that plasma and tissue antioxidant status of broilers is positively influenced when dietary Met concentrations exceed, and negatively when they go below NRC recommendations. In addition, different Met sources are hypothesized to affect the antioxidant defence system differently. Day-old male Cobb-500 broilers (n = 336) were allotted to seven groups and phase-fed three wheat-soya bean meal-based basal diets during days 1-10, 11-21 and 22-35. The basal diets (Met- group, Met + Cys concentration 15% below NRC recommendations) were supplemented with 0...
April 29, 2018: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
Norihiko Asada, Rumi Kairiku, Mika Tobo, Akifumi Ono
Shiitake (Lentinula edodes) extract, eritadenine, has been shown to reduce cholesterol levels, and its hypocholesterolemic actions are involved in the metabolism of methionine. However, the mechanisms by which eritadenine affects cholesterol metabolism in animals fed a high-fat diet containing different sources of lipids have not yet been elucidated in detail. This study was conducted to investigate the effects of shiitake supplementation on serum lipid concentrations in rats fed a diet including a high amount of a plant oil (HO [high oil] and HOS [high oil with shiitake] groups), animal fat (HF [high fat] and HFS [high fat with shiitake] groups), or MCT- (medium-chain triglyceride-) rich plant oil (HM [high MCT] and HMS [high MCT with shiitake] groups)...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Dietary Supplements
Anqiang Lai, Guozhong Dong, Daijun Song, Tan Yang, Xiaolong Zhang
BACKGROUND: Coccidiosis is a prevalent problem in chicken production. Dietary addition of coccidiostats and vaccination are two approaches used to suppress coccidia in the practical production. Methionine (Met) is usually the first limiting amino acid that plays important roles in protein metabolism and immune functions in chickens. The present study is aimed to investigate whether increasing dietary Met levels will improve the anticoccidial effects in broilers medicated or vaccinated against coccidia under Eimeria (E...
April 25, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
Imtiaz Hussain Raja Abbasi, Farzana Abbasi, Lamei Wang, Mohamed E Abd El Hack, Ayman A Swelum, Ren Hao, Junhu Yao, Yangchun Cao
Folate has gained significant attention due to its vital role in biological methylation and epigenetic machinery. Folate, or vitamin (B9 ), is only produced through a de novo mechanism by plants and micro-organisms in the rumen of mature animals. Although limited research has been conducted on folate in ruminants, it has been noted that ruminal synthesis could not maintain folate levels in high yielding dairy animals. Folate has an essential role in one-carbon metabolism and is a strong antiproliferative agent...
April 23, 2018: AMB Express
Silvia I Mora, Jonathan García-Román, Iván Gómez-Ñañez, Rebeca García-Román
Chronic liver diseases result in overall deterioration of health status and changes in metabolism. The search for strategies to control and combat these hepatic diseases has witnessed a great boom in the last decades. Nutritional therapy for controlling and managing liver diseases may be a positive influence as it improves the function of the liver. In this review, we focus mainly on describing liver conditions such as nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, and intrahepatic cholestasis as well as using S-adenosyl-L-methionine as a dietary supplement and its potential alternative therapeutic effect to correct the hepatic dysfunction associated with these conditions...
April 20, 2018: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Cheng-Long Jin, Qiang Wang, Zong-Ming Zhang, Yin-Long Xu, Hui-Chao Yan, Hai-Chang Li, Chun-Qi Gao, Xiu-Qi Wang
This work was designed to investigate the synergistic effects of pioglitazone hydrochloride (PGZ) and chromium methionine (CrMet) on meat quality, muscle fatty acid profile, and antioxidant ability of pigs. Pigs in four groups were fed a basic diet or basic diet supplemented with 15 mg/kg of PGZ, 200 μg/kg of CrMet, or 15 mg/kg of PGZ + 200 μg/kg of CrMet. In comparison to the control group, the average daily feed intake, feed/gain ratio, and serum high-density lipoprotein level decreased in the PGZ + CrMet group...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
M G Zenobi, T L Scheffler, J E Zuniga, M B Poindexter, S R Campagna, H F Castro Gonzalez, A T Farmer, B A Barton, J E P Santos, C R Staples
The objectives were to determine the optimal feeding amount of choline in a ruminally protected form to reduce the triacylglycerol (TAG) concentration in liver and to increase TAG in blood plasma of dairy cows. Pregnant, nonlactating multiparous Holstein cows (n = 77) were blocked by body condition score (3.59 ± 0.33) and assigned to treatment at 64 ± 10 d before calculated calving date. Dietary treatments were top-dressing of 0, 30, 60, 90, or 120 g/d of ruminally protected choline (RPC; Balchem Corp., New Hampton, NY) ions to supply the equivalent of 0, 6...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
Ghedeir M Alshammari, Aristatile Balakrishnan, Thirunavukkarasu Chinnasamy
One of the worldwide metabolic health dilemma is nonalcoholic fatty liver diseases (NAFLD). Researchers are searching effective drug to manage NAFLD patients. One of the best way to manage the metabolic imperfection is through natural principal isolated from different sources. Butein, a natural compound known to have numerous pharmacological application. In the current study we assessed the therapeutic effect of butein administration on liver function tests, oxidative stress, antioxidants, lipid abnormalities, serum inflammatory cytokines, and mitochondrial reactive oxygen species levels, in rats with methionine-choline deficient (MCD) diet induced NAFLD...
April 19, 2018: BioFactors
Kaja Plucińska, Steven W Barger
This editorial highlights an article by McKee and colleagues in the current issue of Journal of Neurochemistry, in which the authors report epigenetic changes linked to one-carbon metabolism in prefrontal cortex (PFC) of murine offspring from dams fed high-fat diet to mimic maternal obesity. The group found that high-fat diet feeding in utero increases weight gain in offspring and dynamically alters DNA methylation in the PFC of male but not female brains. These epigenetic marks were associated with a shift in brain one-carbon metabolism (folate and methionine) intermediates and were normalized by early-life methyl-donor supplementation in a sex-specific manner...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Neurochemistry
Fang Chen, Shihai Zhang, Zixiao Deng, Qiqi Zhou, Lin Cheng, Sung Woo Kim, Jun Chen, Wutai Guan
Background: Milk protein is crucial for milk quality in sows and health of newborn piglets. Plasma amino acids (AA) in sows are important precursors for milk protein synthesis in the mammary gland. In order to study the regulation of AA transported in sow mammary glands and possible underlying mechanisms, we measured the expression of genes coding for milk proteins, AA transporter expressions, and plasma AA concentrations in sows at three different physiological stages (D-17, D1 and D17 of lactation), and then further investigated the regulation of AA transport across the cell membrane by adaptive mechanisms using pig mammary epithelial cells (PMEC) as an in vitro model...
2018: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
S L Stella, D A Velasco-Acosta, C Skenandore, Z Zhou, A Steelman, D Luchini, F C Cardoso
During the transition from prepartum to early lactation, dairy cows often experience negative energy balance (NEB) that may result in reproductive stress and decreased fertility. The objective of this study was to observe the effects of rumen-protected methionine (RPM) on plasma amino acid concentrations, uterine cytology, immunohistochemistry (IHC) of glutathione peroxidase 1 (GPX) and superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD), and to confirm neutrophil extracellular trap (NET) formation. Multiparous Holstein cows (n = 20) were randomly assigned to two treatments starting at 21 d before calving until 73 days in milk (DIM)...
March 26, 2018: Theriogenology
J C C Chagas, M A Ferreira, A P Faciola, F S Machado, M M Campos, M R Entjes, J L Donzele, M I Marcondes
This experiment aimed to evaluate the effects of supplying 4 different inclusion levels of Met + Cys to crossbred liquid-fed calves on animal performance and body composition. Thirty-six Holstein-Gyr male calves were separated into 2 age groups: 16 calves, slaughtered at an age of 30 d, representing the physiological phase from 8 to 30 d, and 20 calves, slaughtered at an age of 60 d, representing the physiological phase from 30 to 60 d. At 8 d of age, the animals were randomly distributed among the experimental treatments: 4 Met + Cys inclusion levels (Met + Cys: 8...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
Qinglong Wu, Nagendra P Shah
Exo-polysaccharide (EPS) produced by dairy starters plays critical roles in improving texture and functionalities of fermented dairy products. One of such high EPS producers, Streptococcus thermophilus ASCC 1275 (ST1275) was used as a model dairy strain to understand the stimulation of its EPS production under optimal milk fermentation conditions. The mRNA-seq analysis and targeted pathway analysis indicate that genes associated with lactose (milk sugar) catabolism, EPS assembly, proteolytic activity, and arginine/methionine/cysteine synthesis and transport in ST1275 were significantly up-regulated under the optimized conditions of pH 5...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Mohammad Hassan Golzari, Mohammad Hassan Javanbakht, Ehsan Ghaedi, Hamed Mohammadi, Mahmoud Djalali
AIMS: Cardiovascular complications are one of main cause of increased mortality and morbidity among Diabetes Mellitus (DM) patients. Altered metabolism of sulphur amino acids in diabetes reflected as increases in concentration of methionine and cysteine/cystine in the blood which known as a markers of Cardiovascular Diseases (CVD). The aim of present study was to determine the effect of Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) supplementation on sulfhydryl amino acids and Atherogenic Index of Plasma (AIP) in patients with type 2 DM (T2DM)...
March 16, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Ruben Esse, Tom Teerlink, Pieter Koolwijk, Isabel Tavares de Almeida, Henk J Blom, Rita Castro
Elevated plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease, but the mechanisms underlying this association are not completely understood. Cellular hypomethylation has been suggested to be a key pathophysiologic mechanism, since S -adenosylhomocysteine (AdoHcy), the Hcy metabolic precursor and a potent inhibitor of methyltransferase activity, accumulates in the setting of hyperhomocysteinemia. In this study, the impact of folate and methionine on intracellular AdoHcy levels and protein arginine methylation status was studied...
March 24, 2018: Nutrients
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