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Tao Jiang, Kaifu Li, Honghai Liu, Lin Yang
Some wood can be used as traditional Chinese medicine. The medicinal value of wood is associated with its extractives. Pterocarpus macarocarpus Kurz heartwood is a kind of top valuable reddish hardwood in making furniture and handicrafts, but the research about medicine value of this wood is not enough. In order to investigate the high value biomedical compounds in Pterocarpus macarocarpus Kurz heartwood, the woody extractives were obtained by Soxhlet extraction and ultrasonic extraction with benzene-ethanol (1:2, v/v) solvent simultaneously and were analyzed by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometer (GC-MS)...
May 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Mamun Al-Amin, Artyom Zinchenko, Thomas Geyer
OBJECTIVE: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is accompanied by reduction of total hippocampal volume. However, disorder-related fine-grained structural alterations of hippocampal subfields remain unclear. METHOD: Here we compared hippocampal subfield volumes in a large sample of patients with ADHD and healthy controls. We used T1-weighted structural 3-Tesla MRI images of 880 individuals (7-21 years old) from the ADHD-200 database. The images were acquired from 553 healthy individuals and 327 children and adolescents with combined (N = 196) and inattentive (N = 131) ADHD subtypes...
April 15, 2018: Brain Research
Lee Anna Cunningham, Jessie Newville, Lu Li, Phillip Tapia, Andrea M Allan, C Fernando Valenzuela
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study was to evaluate the expression and serine 9 phosphorylation of glycogen synthase kinase (GSK-3β) within the adult hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG) in a preclinical mouse model of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. GSK-3β is a multifunctional kinase that modulates many hippocampal processes affected by gestational alcohol, including synaptic plasticity and adult neurogenesis. GSK-3β is a constitutively active kinase that is negatively regulated by phosphorylation at the serine 9 residue...
November 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
Xiaofang Jia, Huijun Wang, Dantong Wang, Chang Su, Ji Zhang, Hongru Jiang, Vifei Ouyang, Bing Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the pattern and level of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviors in Chinese children and adolescents. METHODS: The data of present study were derived from China Health and Nutrition Survey in 2011. Subjects aged 7-18 years with completed demographic, PA and sedentary behavior data were included to analyze the proportions of participations in PA outside school, PA in school, domestic PA, PA in travel and sedentary behaviors. In subjects with PA and sedentary behaviors, PA and sedentary behavior levels were estimated by age, gender, residence areus and household income...
May 2016: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
Matthew Amoni, Roisin Kelly-Laubscher, Dee Blackhurst, Asfree Gwanyanya
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus induces life-threatening cardiovascular complications such as cardiac autonomic neuropathy and ventricular dysfunction and is associated with hypomagnesemia. In this study, we investigated the short-term effects of magnesium (Mg(2+)) treatment on streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic cardiac complications. METHODS: Adult Wistar rats were treated once with STZ (50 mg/kg, intraperitoneally [ip]) or vehicle (citrate) and then daily for 7 days with MgSO4 (270 mg/kg, ip) or saline...
June 8, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Min-Xuan Xu, Rong Yu, Li-Fei Shao, Yan-Xiu Zhang, Chen-Xu Ge, Xin-Meng Liu, Wen-Yuan Wu, Jian-Mei Li, Ling-Dong Kong
Recent studies suggest that diet-induced fractalkine (FKN) stimulates neuroinflammation in animal models of obesity, yet how it occurs is unclear. This study investigated the role of FKN and it receptor, CX3CR1, in fructose-induced neuroinflammation, and examined curcumin's beneficial effect. Fructose feeding was found to induce hippocampal microglia activation with neuroinflammation through the activation of the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)/nuclear transcription factor κB (NF-κB) signaling, resulting in the reduction of neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus (DG) of mice...
November 2016: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
Matthew Amoni, Roisin Kelly-Laubscher, Morea Petersen, Asfree Gwanyanya
The effects of magnesium (Mg2+ ) on ischaemic complications of pathological cardiac hypertrophy are unclear. In this study, we investigated effects of Mg2+ pretreatment on ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in isoprenaline (ISO)-induced hypertrophic hearts. Wistar rats were treated for 7 days with different combinations of ISO (1.25 mg/kg) subcutaneously, MgSO4 (270 mg/kg) intraperitoneally, or vehicle (saline). On the eighth day, hearts were either subjected to regional I/R during Langendorff perfusion or histologically stained with haematoxylin and eosin and Masson's trichrome...
January 2017: Cardiovascular Toxicology
Haiping Wang, Zunji Ke, Alexander Alimov, Mei Xu, Jacqueline A Frank, Shengyun Fang, Jia Luo
Mesencephalic astrocyte-derived neurotrophic factor (MANF) is an evolutionarily conserved neurotrophic factor which exhibited neuroprotective properties. Recent studies suggested that MANF may play a role in the neural development of Drosophila and zebra fishes. In this study, we investigated the spatiotemporal expression of MANF in the brain of postnatal and adult rats. MANF expression appeared wide spread and mainly localized in neurons. In the cerebral cortex, neurons in layer IV and VI displayed particularly strong MANF immunoreactivity...
2014: PloS One
Huan-huan Wang, Nai-ying Mao, Song-tao Xu, Liu-ying Tang, Hui-ling Wang, Zheng-dei Xie, Zeng-xian Wang, Wen-bo Xu
OBJECTIVE: We want to explore the harm degree of human rhinovirus in infants in Beijing area. METHODS: From May 2008 to September 2009, 240 nasopharyngeal aspirates were collected from the children and infants who were hospitalized and with lower respiratory tract infections. These specimens were screened for HRV by real-time reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR) and statistically analysised. RESULT: In all of 240 hospitalized children, 208 cases were admission diagnosis of pneumonia, accounting for 86...
April 2011: Chinese Journal of Experimental and Clinical Virology
Fernando Jáuregui-Huerta, Joaquin Garcia-Estrada, Yaveth Ruvalcaba-Delgadillo, Xochitl Trujillo, Miguel Huerta, Alfredo Feria-Velasco, Oscar Gonzalez-Perez, Sonia Luquin
Increasing evidence indicates that chronic exposure to environmental noise may permanently affect the central nervous system. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term effects of early exposure to environmental noise on the hippocampal cell proliferation of the adult male rat. Early-weaned Wistar rats were exposed for 15 days to a rats' audiogram-fitted adaptation to a noisy environment. Two months later, the rats were injected with the cellular proliferation marker 5΄bromodeoxiuridine (BrdU), and their brains were processed for immunohistochemical analysis...
July 2011: Noise & Health
Anna Di Vito, Giuseppina Giusi, Raffaella Alò, Antonella Piscioneri, Sabrina Morelli, Loredana De Bartolo, Marcello Canonaco
The hippocampus is recognized as a major telencephalic area modulating learning and episodic memory through the activation of its different subregions. The various functional properties of Ammon's horn 1 (Cornu Amonis 1; CA1) area have been shown to rely on GABAergic and Glutamat- (Glu)-ergic neuronal signals during both postnatal and adult stages. For this purpose, it was the aim of the present study to establish whether certain alpha GABA(A)R subunits (alpha(2,5)) were capable of modifying CA1 structural and functional features via their interaction with specific NMDA receptor subunits such as NR1 during early development stages of the hibernating hamster (Mesocricetus auratus)...
June 1, 2011: Neuroscience Letters
Cristiane do Socorro Ferraz Maia, Vânia Maria Moraes Ferreira, Rafael Lima Kahwage, Michelle Nunes do Amaral, Raphael Borges Serra, Setsuko Noro dos Santos, José Luiz Martins do Nascimento, Lorena Gonçalves Rodrigues, Nonata Trévia, Cristovam Wanderley Picanço Diniz
Pregnant rats were exposed to ethanol (EtOH) and/or methyl mercury (MeHg) during fetal brain development. Nitrergic activity was quantified by densitometric measurement of formazan deposits in the hippocampus, cerebellum and striatum of two-month-old offspring following histochemical assay for NADPH-diaphorase (NADPH-d) activity. Compared to control subjects, an increase in nitrergic activity was found in the molecular layer of dentate gyrus and in the lacunosum molecular and stratum radiatum of CA1 (cornus amoni 1) in the EtOH+MeHg group, whereas a single administration of EtOH increased the activity in all striatal segments...
November 2010: Acta Histochemica
Min Wu, Zhan Li, Jian-Er Yu, Wei-wei Lu, Ju-xiu Ni, Yi-lin Xia
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect and safety of nano-Amoni Paste (nmAP) in the treatment of children's anorexia (AR). METHODS: One hundred and eighty patients of AR were assigned according to the randomized, double-blinded, double-simulated and parallel controlled principle to three groups, the treated group (TG), the positive control group (PCG) and the negative control group (NCG), 60 in each group. The patients in TG were treated by sticking 1.5 ml of nmAP on the acupoint of Shenque (Ren 8) once a day and orally taking placebo liquid 10 ml twice a day; those in PCG and NCG treated with sticking paste of placebo on Ren 8, and oral taking of Shanmai Jianpi Oral Liquid and placebo liquid respectively, 10 ml each time twice per day...
March 2007: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
S Cai, X Wang, S Zhu, J Li, Z Lou, T Namba, K Komatsu
It has been found out that amony the 158 samples of commercial drug. Xixin (Herba Asari) collected from 28 provinces/cities of China, only three guarters are derived from the species specified in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia and the rest are not. One hundred and eleven samples are derived from Asarum heterotropoides var. mandshuricum and are presently used in 26 provinces/cities, 25 samples are derived from A. himalaicum and used in 10 provinces, the other 22 samples are derived from 9 species such as A. sieboldii, A...
December 1996: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
L Zhu, C H He
To explore the new technique of assistant pregnancy, we transferred sperm into fallopian tubes by laparoscopy Via an operation named sperm intra-fallopian transfer (SIFT). Twenty-nine infertile women (eighteen patients in natural menstrual cycle group, the others in the group of stimulated ovulation cycle) had their fallicle development with B ultrasonic scanning monitored. Patients were examined by laparoscopy before ovulation, then prepared sperm was transferred into fallopian tubes. Amony twenty-nine patients who had SIFT, three were pregnant in the operation month...
August 1995: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
S S Amoni
In a 2-year prospective study of 76 patients with traumatic hyphaema seen at the Ahmadu Bello University Hospital, Kaduna, 75% were under 20 years of age. A low male to female ratio of 3 to 1 relative to other reports was noted. Hyphaema occurred in the left eye 1.6 times more often than in the right eye. Thrown objects, such as sticks and stones, caused hyphaema in the largest number of patients in the series. Only 34.2% of the patients reported for care within the first 24 hours of injury, while as many as 46...
June 1981: British Journal of Ophthalmology
S S Amoni
This study indicates the need for a population survey to determine the prevalence of macular diseases in an African population. An attempt should then be made to prevent those that can be prevented especially since there is a progressively increasing literacy rate in our population.
April 1983: Annals of Ophthalmology
M Amoni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1984: Health Education
D Lawson, D A Sleet, M Amoni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1984: Health Education
S S Amoni, M M Rodrigues, G M Shannon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1973: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
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