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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677982/consequences-of-switching-to-blended-learning-the-grenoble-medical-school-key-elements
#1
Sahal Houssein, Lionel Di Marco, Carole Schwebel, Vanda Luengo, Patrice Morand, Pierre Gillois
INTRODUCTION: In 2006, the Grenoble-Alpes University Medical School decided to switch the learning paradigm of the first year to a blended learning model based on a flipped classroom with a continuous dual assessment system providing personal follow-up. We report a descriptive analysis of two pedagogical models. METHODS: The innovative blended learning model is divided into 5 week-sequences of learning, starting with a series of knowledge capsules, following with Interactive On Line Questions, Interactive On Site Training and an Explanation Meeting...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672468/investigating-the-extent-realistic-moulage-impacts-on-immersion-and-performance-among-undergraduate-paramedicine-students-in-a-simulation-based-trauma-scenario-a-pilot-study
#2
Brennen W Mills, Alecka K Miles, Tina Phan, Peggy M C Dykstra, Sara S Hansen, Andrew S Walsh, David N Reid, Claire Langdon
INTRODUCTION: Many healthcare education commentators suggest that moulage can be used in simulation to enhance scenario realism. However, few studies investigate to what extent using moulage in simulation impacts learners. We undertook a mixed-methods pilot study investigating how moulage influences student immersion and performance in simulation. METHODS: Fifty undergraduate paramedicine students were randomized into two groups completing a trauma-based scenario with or without patient moulage...
April 18, 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563671/human-immunodeficiency-virus-acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome-a-survey-on-the-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-among-medical-professionals-at-a-tertiary-health-care-institution-in-uttarakhand-india
#3
Ananya Doda, Gita Negi, Dushyant Singh Gaur, Meena Harsh
INTRODUCTION: Health-care professionals are trained health-care providers who occupy a potential vanguard position in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) prevention programs and the management of AIDS patients. This study was performed to assess HIV/AIDS-related knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) and perceptions among health-care professionals at a tertiary health-care institution in Uttarakhand, India, and to identify the target group where more education on HIV is needed...
January 2018: Asian Journal of Transfusion Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527046/kilpauk-mental-hospital-the-bethlem-of-south-asia-a-recall-of-its-history-prior-to-1970
#4
O Somasundaram, Ponnudurai Ratnaraj
Period of Custodial Care Only: The magnificent "Institute of Mental Health" has its history almost from 1795 when the East India company appointed Surgeon Valentine Conolly to be in charge of a "House for accommodating persons of unsound mind." After a few transitions, backed by a government order for the construction of a lunatic asylum in a 66 1/2 acre site, the asylum started functioning from 1871. The period of about six decades from its inception could be referred to as "the period of custodial care...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506968/the-impact-of-a-small-private-online-course-as-a-new-approach-to-teaching-oncology-development-and-evaluation
#5
Charlotte Vaysse, Elodie Chantalat, Odile Beyne-Rauzy, Louise Morineau, Fabien Despas, Jean-Marc Bachaud, Nathalie Caunes, Muriel Poublanc, Elie Serrano, Roland Bugat, Marie-Eve Rougé Bugat, Anne-Laure Fize
BACKGROUND: Oncology involves complex care and multidisciplinary management of patients; however, misinformation and ineffective communication remain problematic. OBJECTIVE: The educational objective of our study was to develop a new teaching method to improve cancer treatment and management by emphasizing the link between hospitals (inpatients) and their surrounding communities (outpatients). METHODS: A team of 22 professionals from public and private institutions developed a small private online course (SPOC)...
March 5, 2018: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503607/effect-of-somatic-experiencing-resiliency-based-trauma-treatment-training-on-quality-of-life-and-psychological-health-as-potential-markers-of-resilience-in-treating-professionals
#6
Neal E Winblad, Michael Changaris, Phyllis K Stein
Background: Individuals who treat trauma are at significant risk of vicarious traumatization and burnout. Somatic Experiencing® (SE®) is a resiliency-focused trauma treatment modality designed to address autonomic nervous system (ANS) dysregulation and its impacted physical health and mental health symptoms e.g., anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, migraines, fibromyalgia, and chronic fatigue, etc. The SE® training supports the development of clinical skills to reduce physical health/mental health symptoms as well as increase clinician resilience...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497199/primary-prevention-in-psychiatry-in-general-hospitals-in-south-asia
#7
Mamta Sood, Rakesh Kumar Chadda, Roy Abraham Kallivayalil
The focus of primary prevention is on reducing the disease incidence. Primary prevention in mental health has been given minimal priority in low-resource settings with no significant investments. General hospitals are one of the main providers of mental health services in South Asia. This paper focuses on primary prevention activities, which can be undertaken in a general hospital in South Asia with abysmally low-mental health resources. For implementing primary prevention in psychiatry, a general hospital may be conceptualized as a population unit, located in a well-populated area with easy accessibility where different kinds of communities, for example, students and resident doctors, consultants, patients and their caregivers, and paramedical, nursing, administrative and other supportive staff, coexist and have varied functions...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473297/promoting-collaboration-in-emergency-medicine
#8
Shobhana Nagraj, Juliet Harrison, Lawrence Hill, Lesley Bowker, Susanne Lindqvist
BACKGROUND: Collaborative practice between paramedics and medical staff is essential for ensuring the safe handover of patients. Handover of care is a critical time in the patient journey, when effective communication and collaborative practice are central to promoting patient safety and to avoiding medical error. To encourage effective collaboration between paramedic and medical students, an innovative, practice-based simulation exercise, known as interprofessional clinical skills (ICS) was developed at the University of East Anglia, UK...
February 23, 2018: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383079/interprofessional-emergency-training-leads-to-changes-in-the-workplace
#9
Dorothea Eisenmann, Fabian Stroben, Jan D Gerken, Aristomenis K Exadaktylos, Mareen Machner, Wolf E Hautz
Introduction: Preventable mistakes occur frequently and can lead to patient harm and death. The emergency department (ED) is notoriously prone to such errors, and evidence suggests that improving teamwork is a key aspect to reduce the rate of error in acute care settings. Only a few strategies are in place to train team skills and communication in interprofessional situations. Our goal was to conceptualize, implement, and evaluate a training module for students of three professions involved in emergency care...
January 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382398/comparison-of-unmanned-aerial-vehicle-technology-versus-standard-practice-in-identification-of-hazards-at-a-mass-casualty-incident-scenario-by-primary-care-paramedic-students
#10
Trevor Jain, Aaron Sibley, Henrik Stryhn, Ives Hubloue
Introduction The proliferation of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) has the potential to change the situational awareness of incident commanders allowing greater scene safety. The aim of this study was to compare UAV technology to standard practice (SP) in hazard identification during a simulated multi-vehicle motor collision (MVC) in terms of time to identification, accuracy and the order of hazard identification. METHODS: A prospective observational cohort study was conducted with 21 students randomized into UAV or SP group, based on a MVC with 7 hazards...
January 31, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364743/comparison-of-the-i-gel-supraglottic-and-king-laryngotracheal-airways-in-a-simulated-tactical-environment
#11
Juan A March, Theresa E Tassey, Noel B Resurreccion, Roberto C Portela, Stephen E Taylor
BACKGROUND: When working in a tactical environment there are several different airway management options that exist. One published manuscript suggests that when compared to endotracheal intubation, the King LT laryngotracheal airway (KA) device minimizes time to successful tube placement and minimizes exposure in a tactical environment. However, comparison of two different blind insertion supraglottic airway devices in a tactical environment has not been performed. This study compared the I-Gel airway (IGA) to the KA in a simulated tactical environment, to determine if one device is superior in minimizing exposure and minimizing time to successful tube placement...
May 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298245/emergency-medical-responders-and-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#12
Viola Cheung, Madeline L McCarthy, Mark X Cicero, John M Leventhal, Carol Weitzman
OBJECTIVES: Because of the high prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and wandering behavior, emergency medical responders (EMRs) will likely encounter children and adolescents with ASD. The objectives were to describe interactions between EMRs and children and adolescents with ASD, to evaluate EMRs' ability to recognize ASD in a simulated trauma setting, and to determine if EMRs' demographic characteristics affected their interactions with ASD youth. METHODS: A study of 75 videos of a simulated school bus crash was performed...
January 2, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290894/drug-calculation-ability-of-qualified-paramedics-a-pilot-study
#13
Malcolm J Boyle, Kathryn Eastwood
BACKGROUND: The inability of paramedics to perform accurate calculations may result in a compromise of patient safety which may result from under or over dosing of drugs, incorrect joules for defibrillation, or a major adverse event such as death. The objective of this study was to identify the drug calculation and mathematical ability of qualified operational paramedics. METHODS: The study used a cross-sectional design with a paper-based calculation questionnaire...
2018: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233313/pharmacy-student-involvement-in-a-transition-of-care-program
#14
Raquel Hertig, Rina Ackerman, Brenda Zagar, Serina Tart
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cape Fear Valley Medical Center (CFVMC) implemented a Community Paramedic Program (CPP) to improve the transition of hospitalized patients to the home setting. In this program, paramedics conduct home visits for 30 days after qualifying patients are discharged. This article describes pharmacy services provided to CPP patients by fourth-year pharmacy students on Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiences (APPE) that assisted with home visits. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Students were oriented to the CPP and patient interview technique was assessed through a role-play scenario...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211429/training-together-interdisciplinary-mci-drill-prepares-paramedic-and-nursing-students-for-safe-effective-care
#15
William J Leggio, Rachael Greenheck, Andrew Rappolt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: JEMS: a Journal of Emergency Medical Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127541/the-bargaining-of-professionalism-in-emergency-care-practice-nhs-paramedics-and-higher-education
#16
Assaf Givati, Chris Markham, Ken Street
Over the past 2 decades, as part of reforms to the National Health Service and with it organizational changes to ambulance work in the UK, paramedic education has undergone a process of academisation and a shift from in-house, apprenticeship weeks-long occupational training, to university-based undergraduate programs. While the professional regulation and standardization of Allied Health Professionals' education in high-income countries has captured scholarly attention, the study of paramedic practice is still in its infancy and there is a need to explore its evolvement in relation to the fluid societal-political circumstances affecting its provision and demand...
May 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118588/professionalism-among-paramedic-students-achieving-the-measure-or-missing-the-mark
#17
REVIEW
L Michael Bowen, Brett Williams, Luke Stanke
Background: Professionalism is a pillar of paramedicine. Internationally paramedic curricula emphasize valid assessment of three domains: cognitive, psychomotor, and affective domains (professionalism). Little is reported on competency measures for professionalism specific to paramedicine. Literature suggests that paramedic students, paramedic practitioners, medical directors, and patients believe that professional attributes should have an increased focus. Objective: The objective of this scoping review is to outline valid and reliable assessments that evaluate professional behaviors...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080439/the-reliability-and-validity-of-multiple-mini-interviews-mmis-in-values-based-recruitment-to-nursing-midwifery-and-paramedic-practice-programmes-findings-from-an-evaluation-study
#18
Alison Callwood, Debbie Cooke, Sarah Bolger, Agnieszka Lemanska, Helen Allan
BACKGROUND: Universities in the United Kingdom (UK) are required to incorporate values based recruitment (VBR) into their healthcare student selection processes. This reflects an international drive to strengthen the quality of healthcare service provision. This paper presents novel findings in relation to the reliability and predictive validity of multiple mini interviews (MMIs); one approach to VBR widely being employed by universities. OBJECTIVES: To examine the reliability (internal consistency) and predictive validity of MMIs using end of Year One practice outcomes of under-graduate pre-registration adult, child, mental health nursing, midwifery and paramedic practice students...
January 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948328/open-fracture-management-in-low-resource-settings-a-medical-training-experience-in-cambodian-hospitals
#19
Nenad B Tajsic, Puon Sambath, Sophy Nguon, Vannara Sokh, Virak Chheang, Gaute Landsem, Ivan Zaletel, Hans Husum
INTRODUCTION: A prospective interventional study has been carried out on the teaching effect and sustainability of low-cost trauma training program in open tibia fracture management for health workers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 2007, an external fixator and a patella-bearing orthosis were developed at a rural workshop in Cambodia. From 2010 to 2016, a core group of nine Cambodian health workers was trained in open fracture management by Norwegian senior surgeons, using the locally made fixator and brace...
December 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926753/undergraduate-paramedic-student-psychomotor-skills-in-an-obstetric-setting-an-evaluation
#20
Shane Lenson, Jason Mills
The clinical education of paramedic students is an international concern. In Australia, student placements are commonly undertaken with local district ambulance services, however these placements are increasingly limited. Clinical placements within inter-professional settings represent an innovative yet underdeveloped area of investigation. This paper addresses that gap by reporting a pilot evaluation of paramedic student clinical placements in a specialised obstetrics setting. Using a case study approach, the evaluation aimed to identify paramedic psychomotor skills that could be practised in this setting, and understand the nature of key learning events...
January 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
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