Read by QxMD icon Read

cartilaginous pointer

Paul M Rea, Gerry McGarry, John Shaw-Dunn
In addition to using intra-operative facial nerve monitoring in helping to locate the position of the facial nerve in anterograde parotidectomy, numerous soft tissue and bony landmarks have been proposed to assist the surgeon in the early identification of this nerve. There is still dispute within the literature as to the most effective method, if any, of locating the nerve. The purpose of this study was to measure the distance (in twenty-six embalmed cadavers) from four of the most commonly used surgical landmarks to the main trunk of the facial nerve-the posterior belly of digastric muscle (PBDM), the tragal pointer (TP), the junction between the bony and cartilaginous ear canal (EAM) and the tympanomastoid suture (TMS)...
February 20, 2010: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
N Pather, M Osman
Facial nerve paralysis is a daunting potential complication of parotid surgery and is widely reported. Knowledge of the key landmarks of the facial nerve trunk is essential for safe and effective surgical intervention in the region of the parotid gland. In current practice, wide ranges of landmarks are used to identify the facial nerve trunk, however, there is much debate in the literature about the safety and reliability of each of these landmarks. The aim of this study, therefore, was to evaluate the relation of the surrounding anatomical structures and surgical landmarks to the facial nerve trunk...
May 2006: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
G K Bejjani, B Sullivan, E Salas-Lopez, J Abello, D C Wright, A Jurjus, L N Sekhar
INTRODUCTION: The infratemporal fossa (ITF) gives passage to most major cerebral vessels and cranial nerves. Dissection of the ITF is essential in many of the lateral cranial base approaches and in exposure of the high cervical internal carotid artery (ICA). We reviewed the surgical anatomy of this region. METHODS: Direct foraminal measurements were made in seven dry skulls (14 sides), and the relationship of these foramina to each other and various landmarks were determined...
October 1998: Neurosurgery
E Neusel, J Graf, A Kraft, F U Niethard
The aetiology of chondromalacia patellae and especially the importance of the subchondral space have not been clarified to date. However, clinical findings yielded pointers to a connection between degenerative changes of the articular cartilage and an influence exercised by the subchondral space. In our experiments we performed an operative ischaemia of the patella with interruption of the vascular inflow and outflow on 40 adult rabbits for exactly defined times (2 weeks, 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months). The examinations were carried out using the plastination method, histology, transmission electron microscopy, and scanning electron microscopy...
December 1992: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"