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Shoulder, elbow, knee, hand, spine, hip

Mona Schmidt, Sandra Breyer, Ulrike Löbel, Sinef Yarar, Ralf Stücker, Kurt Ullrich, Ingo Müller, Nicole Muschol
BACKGROUND: Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is the treatment of choice for young Hurler patients. Despite halting of neurocognitive decline and improvement of life expectancy, the beneficial effect on the skeletal system is limited. As orthopedic complications are one of the most disabling factors following HSCT, this points to the need for new treatment strategies. The study summarizes musculoskeletal manifestations in 19 transplanted Hurler patients. METHODS: Data were obtained retrospectively...
2016: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
Christopher J Centeno, Hasan Al-Sayegh, Michael D Freeman, Jay Smith, William D Murrell, Rostyslav Bubnov
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of the present investigation is to report on detailed complications among a much larger group of 2372 orthopaedic patients treated with stem cell injections who were followed in a treatment registry for up to nine years. METHODS: All patients underwent an MSC-based, percutaneous injection treatment of an orthopaedic condition between December 2005 and September 2014 at one of 18 clinical facilities. Treated areas of the body included the knee, hip, ankle/foot, hand/wrist, elbow, shoulder, and spine...
August 2016: International Orthopaedics
Fereydoun Davatchi, Mahnaz Sandoughi, Nasrin Moghimi, Ahmad-Reza Jamshidi, Arash Tehrani Banihashemi, Zahra Zakeri, Bahar Sadeghi Abdollahi
AIM: To calculate the epidemiology of Rheumatic Diseases in Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data of Tehran, Zahedan, Sanandaj (urban) and Tuyserkan (rural) stage Community Oriented Program for the Control of Rheumatic Diseases (COPCORD) studies were gathered. The data were adjusted to the population number of the studied areas to represent Iran. RESULTS: The population of Iran is 75 149 669 (71.5% urban areas, males 50.4%) and of the mentioned area were respectively 10 000 000, 580 071, 311 444 and 109 262...
December 1, 2015: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
Ibraheim El-Daly, Hajir Ibraheim, Karthig Rajakulendran, Paul Culpan, Peter Bates
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are commonly used by healthcare providers as means of assessing health-related quality of life and function at any given time. The complexity of PROMs can differ and when combined with varying degrees of adult literacy, error can be introduced if patients fail to understand questions. With an average adult literacy level of 11-year-old students in the United Kingdom, it is unclear to what degree PROMs can be read and understood by most patients (readability); to our knowledge, this has not been evaluated...
January 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Álvaro Pérez Martín
The symptoms of osteoarthritis vary widely from patient to patient, depending especially on the localization on the disease. There is a poor correlation between radiological involvement and pain. In general, symptom onset is gradual and symptoms increase slowly but progressively. The most commonly affected joints are the knees, hips, hands, and spine. The main signs and symptoms are pain, stiffness, joint deformity, and crepitus. Pain is mechanical and its causes are multifactorial; in the initial phases, pain usually manifests in self-limiting episodes but may subsequently be almost constant...
January 2014: Atencion Primaria
Jonathan H Tobias, Kevin Deere, Shea Palmer, Emma M Clark, Jacqui Clinch
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether joint hypermobility (JH) in childhood is a risk factor for the subsequent development of musculoskeletal pain. METHODS: JH was determined according to the Beighton score at age 13.8 years in children from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), using a cutoff of ≥6 for the presence of hypermobility. Musculoskeletal pain was evaluated by questionnaire at age 17.8 years. Logistic regression analysis was performed in 2,901 participants (1,267 boys and 1,634 girls) who had complete data...
April 2013: Arthritis and Rheumatism
Koichiro Hayata, Katsuaki Kanbe, Junji Chiba, Atsushi Nakamura, Yasuo Inoue, Kaori Hobo
AIMS: To determine what clinical factors relating to efficacy besides complications of orthopedic surgery for patients treated with anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α therapy (infliximab), we analyzed the clinical data of 52 cases of orthopedic surgery, such as total hip arthroplasy (THA), total knee arthroplasty (TKA), total shoulder arthroplasy (TSA), total elbow arthroplasty (TEA), arthroscopic synovectomy, foot arthroplasty, spine surgery, hand surgery and fracture. METHODS: We analyzed clinical factors including age, disease duration, preoperative C-reactive protein (CRP), disease activity score (DAS)-28, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-3, and rheumatoid arthritis particle-agglutination (RAPA) in 52 cases of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) undergoing orthopedic surgery...
February 2011: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
S Meiorin, G Filocamo, A Pistorio, S Magni-Manzoni, F Sztajnbok, A Cespedes-Cruz, A Magnani, N Ruperto, A Martini, A Ravelli
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of arthritis in individual joint groups on subdimensions of functional ability questionnaires in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). METHODS: 206 patients were included who had the Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire (C-HAQ) and the Juvenile Arthritis Functionality Scale (JAFS) completed simultaneously by a parent and received a detailed joint assessment. In each patient, joint involvement (defined as presence of swelling, pain on motion/tenderness and/or restricted motion) was classified in 3 topographic patterns: Pattern 1 (hip, knee, ankle, subtalar and foot joints); Pattern 2 (wrist and hand joints); Pattern 3 (elbow, shoulder, cervical spine and temporomandibular joints)...
May 2009: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Benjamin Risner, John Nyland, Charles H Crawford, Charles Crawford, Craig S Roberts, John R Johnson
BACKGROUND: The Orthopaedic In-Training Examination (OITE) provides an objective way for both the residency program and the resident to monitor progress. METHODS: This longitudinal descriptive study tracks the OITE performance of 16 residents from one orthopaedic surgery residency program over nine years (1997-2005). Domain comparisons are made to national averages (N > 3000) by mean difference and split middle celeration line assessment trend analysis to evaluate program strengths and weaknesses...
August 2008: Southern Medical Journal
Prawit Janwantanakul, Praneet Pensri, Viroj Jiamjarasrangsri, Thanes Sinsongsook
BACKGROUND: To date, no study has investigated the prevalence of self-reported musculoskeletal symptoms in all the body regions in the general population of office workers. AIMS: To estimate the 12-month prevalence of self-reported musculoskeletal symptoms in the head/neck, shoulders, elbows, wrists/hands, upper back, low back, hips, knees and ankles/feet among office workers. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey using a descriptive questionnaire distributed to 2000 office workers in 54 workplaces...
September 2008: Occupational Medicine
Mark Lafave, Larry Katz, Dale Butterwick
INTRODUCTION: Content validation of an instrument that measures student performance in OSCE-type practical examinations is a critical step in a tool's overall validity and reliability [Hopkins (1998), Educational and Psychological Measurement and Evaluation (8th ed.). Toronto: Allyn & Bacon]. PURPOSE: The purpose of the paper is to outline the process employed to create a content-valid Standardized Orthopedic Assessment Tool (SOAT). Orthopedic assessment skills are employed by athletic therapists, physiotherapists and physicians...
November 2008: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
Denise E Bonds, Joseph C Larson, Ann V Schwartz, Elsa S Strotmeyer, John Robbins, Beatriz L Rodriguez, Karen C Johnson, Karen L Margolis
CONTEXT: Some but not all studies have shown higher rates of fracture in individuals with type 2 diabetes. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine the risk of fracture in postmenopausal women with type 2 diabetes and determine whether risk varies by fracture site, ethnicity, and baseline bone density. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Women with clinically diagnosed type 2 diabetes at baseline in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Cohort, a prospective study of postmenopausal women (n = 93,676), were compared with women without diagnosed diabetes and risk of fracture overall and at specific sites determined...
September 2006: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Joseph A Buckwalter, Charles Saltzman, Thomas Brown
Osteoarthritis, the clinical syndrome of joint pain and dysfunction caused by joint degeneration, affects more people than any other joint disease. There are no consistently effective methods for preventing osteoarthritis or slowing its progression, and symptomatic treatments provide limited benefit for many patients. Osteoarthritis disables about 10% of people who are older than 60 years, compromises the quality of life of more than 20 million Americans, and costs the United States economy more than $60 billion per year...
October 2004: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
J D Adachi, G Ioannidis, L Pickard, C Berger, J C Prior, L Joseph, D A Hanley, W P Olszynski, T M Murray, T Anastassiades, W Hopman, J P Brown, S Kirkland, C Joyce, A Papaioannou, S Poliquin, A Tenenhouse, E A Papadimitropoulos
Osteoporotic fractures can be a major cause of morbidity. It is important to determine the impact of fractures on health-related quality of life (HRQL). A total of 3,394 women and 1,122 men 50 years of age and older, who were recruited for the Canadian Multicentre Osteoporosis Study (CaMos), participated in this cross-sectional study. Minimal trauma fractures of the hip, pelvis, spine, lower body (included upper and lower leg, knee, ankle, and foot), upper body (included arm, elbow, sternum, shoulder, and clavicle), wrist and hand (included forearm, hand, and finger), and ribs were studied...
November 2003: Osteoporosis International
Hidefumi Chiba, Kazuhiko Matsushita, Atsuyuki Shibakawa, Haruhito Aoki
Elderly onset rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is difficult to diagnose definitively when the patients note their first symptoms of arthritis above the age of 75 years old. In this report, we reviewed the clinical features of elderly onset RA and its diagnosis. The subjects included 4 females, aged 78, 83, 84 and 93 years, respectively. The onsets were abrupt in 2 cases and more slowly arriving in the other 2. Shoulder joints and wrist joints were involved in all cases. Knee joints, finger joints and foot joints were involved in 3 cases and the elbow was involved in one case...
June 2003: Ryūmachi. [Rheumatism]
Eric Crubézy, Jérome Goulet, Jaruslav Bruzek, Jan Jelinek, Daniel Rougé, Bertrand Ludes
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the epidemiology of bone changes related to degenerative joint disease and enthesopathies in the earliest Neolithic population identified in Europe (dated back 7700 years), to compare the findings with those in medieval and contemporary populations, and to draw etiological inferences. METHODS: Examination of the skeletal remains of 119 individuals older than 20 years of age at death and buried in two Central European cemeteries dated as far back as 7700 years (5700 BC)...
December 2002: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
J M Matheny, M R Brinker, M N Elliott, R Blake, M P Rowane
A study was undertaken to determine the confidence of graduating family practice residents in the management of musculoskeletal conditions and to determine the level of exposure of graduating family practice residents to fracture care. A 2-page questionnaire consisting of 50 items was sent to 680 graduating family practice residents at 100 randomly selected residency training programs throughout the United States. Family practice residents were questioned about their fracture care experience, including the number of fractures diagnosed, the number of fractures reduced, the number of fractures treated to healing, and the number of casts and splints applied...
December 2000: American Journal of Orthopedics
K R Veenema
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether integrating primary care sports medicine into academic emergency medicine (EM) can enhance both revenue and the academic program. METHODS: A retrospective descriptive review of all patients seen in a primary care sports medicine practice at a university hospital sports medicine clinic was done over a 24-month period. All patients seen initially in the ED for a sports injury either by the author or by another EM faculty member with follow-up by the author in the sports medicine clinic were included in the study group...
August 1999: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
G E Byers, T H Berquist
Participation in organized sports and fitness activity continues to increase in the United States. As a result, more acute bone and soft-tissue injuries are occurring in this patient population. Chronic overuse syndromes are also more common today. It is important for radiologists to understand the mechanism of injury so that they can properly approach the imaging of these patients. Although magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is frequently the technique of choice, other imaging methods are also important and may, in certain cases, be preferred to MRI...
January 1996: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
E Steiner, L S Steinbach, P Schnarkowski, P F Tirman, H K Genant
Para-articular cysts frequently are seen on routine imaging examinations. They may be clinically asymptomatic or may cause pain, swelling, or impaired joint function. They often are associated with underlying joint disorders, such as trauma, degeneration, or inflammation. This article discusses the cause, symptoms, and appearance of para-articular cysts on various imaging examinations including arthrography, ultrasound, CT scan, and MR imaging. Specific attention is focused on those cystic masses appearing around the hip, knee, ankle and foot, shoulder, elbow, wrist and hand, spine, temporomandibular joints, and periosteum...
March 1996: Radiologic Clinics of North America
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