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Yoann Stussi, Sylvain Delplanque, Seline Coraj, Gilles Pourtois, David Sander
Despite its evolutionary and clinical significance, appetitive conditioning has been rarely investigated in humans. It has been proposed that this discrepancy might stem from the difficulty in finding suitable appetitive stimuli that elicit strong physiological responses. However, this might also be due to a possible lack of sensitivity of the psychophysiological measures commonly used to index human appetitive conditioning. Here, we investigated whether the postauricular reflex-a vestigial muscle microreflex that is potentiated by pleasant stimuli relative to neutral and unpleasant stimuli-may provide a valid psychophysiological indicator of appetitive conditioning in humans...
March 9, 2018: Psychophysiology
Razan A Basonbul, Michael S Cohen
Tympanic membrane perforationsoccur frequently in children, and can result in hearing loss, otorrhea, pain, and cholesteatoma. Due to the narrower ear canal in children, a postauricular incision is often needed to access the tympanic membrane for surgical repair. Endoscopic approaches are increasingly being used for tympanic membrane repair, reducing the need for postauricular incisions. As the need for a postauricular incision decreases, the demand for non-autologous grafting material has increased. Acellular porcine small intestinal submucosa (SIS) has been described in the literature as an alternative to commonly used autologous grafts, and is well suited for use with transcanal endoscopic ear surgery as a minimally invasive approach...
September 2017: World Journal of Otorhinolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Glenn Isaacson, Jonathan A Harounian
Objectives: To evaluate the success of pediatric endoscopic and endoscopically assisted transcanal cartilage inlay tympanoplasty. Methods: Retrospective review of single surgeon experience. Results: During a 3 year period, 30 children underwent 31 endoscopic or endoscopically assisted transcanal tympanoplasties by the senior surgeon using tragal cartilage/perichondrial inlay grafts. There were 22 boys and 8 girls, ranging in age from 3.5 to 17 years (median 6 years)...
September 2017: World Journal of Otorhinolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Antonio Albacete Neto, Luís Fernando Ungarelli, Pedro Soler Coltro, Gabriela Lustri Schwartzmann, Grazielle Souza Horácio, Vinícius Zolezi Silva, Jayme Adriano Farina
Numerous suture techniques and covering flaps have been described to minimize complications related to sutures in otoplasty. The split postauricular fascial flap is one of such techniques, and it has been used to pad otoplasty suture. The aim of this study was to evaluate complications related to nonabsorbable cartilage sutures in otoplasty, using a variation of the split postauricular fascial flap. In this retrospective case series, we analyzed otoplasty patients in whom simplified split postauricular fascial flap was utilized...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
Süleyman Tas
Over the last 100 years, more than 200 different methods have been described to correct prominent ear deformity. These techniques revolved around various combinations of postauricular incision, cartilage scoring, and strategic suture placement to reapproximate the antihelical fold and correct angular deformity. In the last two decades, fascial flap techniques have become prominent in otoplasty. This article gives a comprehensive review of the different surgical techniques employed to construct fascial flaps and their contributions to otoplasty...
February 27, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Mahdi Khajavi Md, Shahrokh Khoshsirat Md, Lida Ahangarnazari Md, Niloofar Majdinasab Md
Plexiform neurofibroma (PNF) is a rare variant of neurofibromatosis type1 (NF-1), which histopathologically, is a subtype of benign nerve sheath tumors, neurofibromas (NF). It develops as a result of proliferation in all parts of peripheral nervous system and can cause the functional damage, deformities, pain, considerable mortality, and morbidity and even the increasing risk of malignant transformation in some critical cases. Currently, the surgical intervention is the treatment of choice for PNF patients, which due to the tumor invasion, massive growth, and the chance of postoperative regrowth is not possible...
January 10, 2018: Current Problems in Cancer
Gao-Feng Li, Yi-Gao Hu, Wei Ding, Jun Tan, Xin Chen, Tao Luo, Bo Zhang, Xiao-Jia Liu
This article investigates an effective method with which to reconstruct the tragus and external auditory meatus for microtia reconstruction. The external ear was reconstructed using a delayed postauricular skin flap in patients with congenital microtia. After the first stage of delaying the postauricular skin flap and the second stage of otoplasty with ear framework fabricated from autogenous rib cartilage draping with the delayed skin flap, the third stage involved tragus and external auditory meatus canaloplasty...
February 12, 2018: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Tsung-Lin Yang
BACKGROUND: Many submandibular gland diseases are treated by surgical intervention. Transcervical surgery results in an obvious cervical scar, whereas the retroauricular approach leaves a scar in the postauricular area. Therefore, robotic submandibular gland resection through a trans-hairline approach is developed to improve postoperative aesthetic outcomes. METHODS: From 2012 to 2017, 24 consecutive patients who met the inclusion criteria and had received submandibular gland resection through the trans-hairline robotic surgery were analyzed...
January 22, 2018: Head & Neck
Geoffrey C Casazza, Christian A Bowers, Joel D MacDonald, William T Couldwell, Clough Shelton, Richard K Gurgel
OBJECTIVE: The benefit of routine chemical prophylaxis use for venous thromboembolism (VTE) prevention in skull base surgery is controversial. Chemical prophylaxis can prevent undue morbidity and mortality, however there are risks for hemorrhagic complications. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case-control. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of patients who underwent surgery for vestibular schwannoma from 2011 to 2016 was performed. Patients were divided by receipt of chemical VTE prophylaxis...
February 2018: Otology & Neurotology
Grace Egan, Joanna Pierro, Pillai Pallavi Madhusoodhan, Ghulam Ilyas, Benjamin Cohen, Teena Bhatla
Ewing sarcoma (EWS) is a primitive neuroectodermal tumor arising in bone or soft tissue. It is the second most common primary bone malignancy of children and adolescents, with a peak incidence in the second decade of life. It most often arises in the long bones of the extremities and pelvis. Here, we present a novel case of EWS arising from the mastoid bone in a 5-year-old African American male who presented with symptoms of acute mastoiditis. This unique presentation highlights the importance of considering EWS in a patient who presents with atypical mastoiditis or a rapidly growing mass in the postauricular region...
March 2018: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
Chul Park, Jung Youl Park
BACKGROUND: The surgical correction of 'microtias with constricted ear features' has remained a challenge due to the variable shape and large volume of the remnant cartilage and skin involved. In order to clarify how this remnant cartilage and skin should be treated, we have reviewed and analyzed cases operated at our Center. METHODS: A total of 167 cases of Microtia with Constricted Ear Features, operated from 1992 to 2014, were included in the study. They were reviewed through medical records and photographs, analysis of surgical methods, and postoperative outcomes...
November 11, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
R P Singh, E S Sung, C M Song, Y B Ji, K Tae
Various approaches have been described for excision of a submandibular gland including endoscopic and robot-assisted techniques. We present the outcome of excision by a robot-assisted postauricular facelift approach and compare it with the conventional transcervical approach. We studied 30 cases of excision of the gland for benign disease (16 transcervical and 14 robot-assisted), and collected clinical and personal data, and details of patients' satisfaction with the result. The most common conditions were sialadenitis (n=15) and pleomorphic adenoma (n=12)...
November 6, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
Z Jason Qian, Amy M Coffey, Kathleen M O'Toole, Anil K Lalwani
Benign middle ear tumors represent a rare group of neoplasms that vary widely in their pathology, anatomy, and clinical findings. These factors have made it difficult to establish guidelines for the resection of such tumors. Here we present 7 unique cases of these rare and diverse tumors and draw from our experience to recommend optimal surgical management. Based on our experience, a postauricular incision is necessary in nearly all cases. Mastoidectomy is required for tumors that extend into the mastoid cavity...
October 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Sarah E Racine, Karen R Hebert, Stephen D Benning
Eating disorders are associated with both negative and positive emotional reactions towards food. Individual eating disorder symptoms may relate to distinct emotional responses to food, which could necessitate tailored treatments based on symptom presentation. We examined associations between eating disorder symptoms and psychophysiological responses to food versus neutral images in 87 college students [mean (SD) age = 19.70 (2.09); mean (SD) body mass index = 23.25(2.77)]. Reflexive and facial electromyography measures tapping negative emotional reactivity (startle blink reflex) and appraisal (corrugator muscle response) as well as positive emotional reactivity (postauricular reflex) and appraisal (zygomaticus muscle response) were collected...
November 3, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
Ronald L Moy, Lauren Moy
BACKGROUND: Patients who are aging, with weight gain, and increased skin laxity, request dermatologists to improve their neck area. Surgical and nonsurgical options are reviewed as well as benefits and side effects. This article will focus on how surgical techniques can be applied for male patients in particular. OBJECTIVE: To review surgical neck rejuvenation therapies available currently to find the best option for male patients. CONCLUSION: Surgical treatment of the male neck to improve mandibular contour and loose neck skin requires tightening of the platysmal muscle and usually skin removal in the postauricular sulcus and into the hairline...
November 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
M Vathulya, D Chattopadhyay, K Koyama
Facial units reconstruction in a post burn patient poses tough challenges. Simultaneous brow and lid reconstruction is one of them. This article presents a 45-year-old epileptic male with burn of complete face. The task of reconstructing the brow, upper and lower lids was successfully accomplished using a modification of the Guyuron postauricular fasciocutaneous flap, after initial grafting and radial forearm flap reconstruction of forehead and other parts of the face. The article gives a single-stop solution for simultaneous reconstruction of brow and lids using a random pattern extension of the traditional postauricular flap, thus proving the excellent vascularity and hence durability of the flap in spite of a 180 degrees change in the orientation of the flap with respect to the axis...
June 30, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
Ansley M Roche, Martha Griffin, Ron Shelton, Mark L Urken
Extensive subtotal full-thickness auriculectomy defects pose a challenge for the reconstructive surgeon. The posterior island flap (PIF), based on the posterior auricular artery, has been described as a reconstructive option for auricular defects, with reports describing a "pull-through" or "revolving door" technique to reconstruct subtotal partial thickness and full thickness auricular defects. These techniques may result in posterior "pinning" of the auricle. This patient is an 87-year-old male who presented after Mohs excision of squamous cell carcinoma of the conchal bowl, which resulted in a 4x4cm subtotal auriculectomy defect...
November 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Nazim Bozan, Ufuk Duzenli, Pinar Kundi, Mahfuz Turan, Ahmet Faruk Kiroglu
Chronic otitis media (COM) is completely treated with a single procedure in most patients but may require multiple surgeries in some cases. The main goals of open cavity mastoidectomy are to completely eradicate the disease, create a large enough meatus for examination and mastoid air cells, and provide a self-cleaning epithelized dry cavity, and achieve maximum hearing. In this report, we present a very rare case of COM who underwent revision mastoidectomy in our clinic due to meatal obstruction in the right ear, total sensorineural hearing loss, and pain and tenderness in the postauricular region...
September 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Hyun Rok Lee, Gyu Yong Jung, Hea Kyeong Shin, Dong Lark Lee, Jong Im Lee, Jung Hwan Kim
Eccrine poroma is a common benign cutaneous tumor that originates in an intraepidermal eccrine duct. This tumor exhibits acral distribution (sole, palm), and is rarely encountered in the head and neck area. In fact eccrine poroma in the postauricular area has only been rarely reported. A 55-year-old female visited our hospital with a main complaint of a mass that first developed in the left postauricular area about a year previously. The mass was painless, soft, protruding, domed, and dark red in color, and had slowly enlarged (at presentation it measured 1×1 cm)...
March 2017: Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
Chih-Chieh Tseng, Ming-Tang Lai, Chia-Che Wu, Sheng-Po Yuan, Yi-Fang Ding
OBJECTIVE: Since the 1950s, microscopic myringoplasty has been the standard surgery for repairing a perforated tympanic membrane. In addition to conventional microscopic myringoplasty, endoscopic myringoplasty has been an emerging technique since the late 1990s. This study evaluated the efficacy of endoscopic transcanal myringoplasty for repairing tympanic perforations and examined the minimally invasive feature of this technique (no postauricular incision, no canalplasty). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent endoscopic transcanal myringoplasty for perforations of the tympanic membrane...
July 21, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
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