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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322458/reduced-positive-emotion-and-underarousal-are-uniquely-associated-with-subclinical-depression-symptoms-evidence-from-psychophysiology-self-report-and-symptom-clusters
#1
Stephen D Benning, Belel Ait Oumeziane
Multiple models of aberrant emotional processing in depression have been advanced. However, it is unclear which of these models best applies to emotional disturbances in subclinical depressive symptoms. The current study employed a battery of psychophysiological measures and emotional ratings in a picture-viewing paradigm to examine whether the underarousal, low positive emotion, heightened negative emotion, or emotion context insensitivity model of emotional dysfunction in subclinical depressive symptoms received greatest support...
March 21, 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304079/endoscope-or-microscope-guided-pediatric-tympanoplasty-comparison-of-grafting-technique-and-outcome
#2
Adrian L James
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To review experience from the introduction of totally endoscopic ear surgery (TEES) to a pediatric tympanoplasty practice to identify factors influencing technique selection and successful outcome. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: Analysis of prospectively acquired data from a consecutive series of 295 surgeries for tympanic membrane perforation over a 12-year period. Success of perforation closure was compared between microscope and TEES grafting techniques...
March 17, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300924/staged-retroauricular-flap-for-helical-reconstruction-after-mohs-micrographic-surgery
#3
Felipe Bochnia Cerci
Staged retroauricular flap is a great option for full-thickness defects along the helical rim and antihelix. Donor site consists of the posterior ear, postauricular sulcus and mastoid area. The advantages of this flap include hidden donor scar, donor tissue similarity and rich vascularity. We present a case of collision tumor on the left helix treated with Mohs micrographic surgery and the resulting full-thickness defect repaired with a staged retroauricular flap. This flap is an effective technique for full-thickness helical defect repair with relatively little operative morbidity...
September 2016: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274897/surgical-treatment-of-external-auditory-canal-cholesteatoma-ten-years-of-clinical-experience
#4
Kuen Yao Ho, Tzu Yen Huang, Shih Meng Tsai, Hsun Mo Wang, Chen Yu Chien, Ning Chia Chang
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical manifestations of external auditory canal (EAC) cholesteatoma and evaluate the surgical outcomes of reconstruction using an inferior pedicled soft-tissue periosteum flap. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 28 patients were enrolled in this retrospective study conducted at Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital in Taiwan between January 2004 and December 2013. EAC cholesteatoma was classified according to the disease extent. The surgery was performed to reconstruct a smooth contour of EAC...
March 9, 2017: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236489/endoscopically-assisted-extracapsular-dissection-of-pleomorphic-adenoma-of-the-parotid-gland-through-a-postauricular-sulcus-approach-in-young-patients
#5
W-L Chen, S Fan, D-M Zhang
We evaluated the aesthetic outcomes in 11 young patients (mean (range) age 21.7 (16-28) years) who had endoscopically assisted extracapsular dissection of benign pleomorphic adenomas of the parotid gland through a postauricular sulcus approach. The tumours varied in size from 1.5×1.0cm to 2.5×2.0cm, and all were removed completely without rupture. The cosmetic result was excellent in 10 patients and good in one. Patients were followed up for eight to 40 months, and there was no recurrence. The technique is simple and feasible, and it achieves excellent aesthetic results in young patients...
February 21, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231373/auricular-complications-in-parotid-temporal-bone-infratemporal-fossa-and-lateral-skull-base-surgery
#6
Patrick S Carpenter, Ryan C Burgette, John P Leonetti, Sam J Marzo
Neoplasms located in the parotid region, temporal bone, infratemporal fossa, and lateral skull base represent a challenge due to their difficult anatomic location and surrounding neurovascular structures. A variety of surgical approaches are appropriate to access this area, although several of them can place the auricular blood supply in danger. If the auricular blood supply is compromised, ischemia and, eventually, avascular necrosis of the auricle can occur. Auricular necrosis often can cause patients a delay in adjuvant radiation therapy and result in the need for additional reconstructive procedures...
February 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229524/dermal-morphological-changes-following-salicylic-acid-peeling-and-microdermabrasion
#7
Amira A Abdel-Motaleb, Eman E Abu-Dief, Mahmoud Ra Hussein
BACKGROUND: Microdermabrasion and chemical peeling are popular, inexpensive, and safe methods for treatment of some skin disorders and to rejuvenate skin. OBJECTIVES: To study the alterations of the dermal connective tissue following salicylic acid peeling and microdermabrasion. METHODS: Twenty patients were participated in our study. All participants underwent facial salicylic acid 30% peel or microdermabrasion (10 cases in each group) weekly for 6 weeks...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198060/fine-needle-aspiration-cytology-from-a-postauricular-swelling
#8
P Ramteke, S Mallick, S Mathur, D Jain, V K Iyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2017: Cytopathology: Official Journal of the British Society for Clinical Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192382/endoscopic-management-of-middle-ear-paragangliomas-a-case-series
#9
Daniel E Killeen, Cameron C Wick, Jacob B Hunter, Alejandro Rivas, George B Wanna, João Flávio Nogueira, Joe Walter Kutz, Brandon Isaacson
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy and safety of endoscopic middle ear paraganglioma (glomus tympanicum) resection. STUDY DESIGN: Case series with chart review. SETTING: Multi-institutional tertiary university medical centers. PATIENTS: Adult patients with middle ear paragangliomas treated via a transcanal endoscopic approach from 1/2012 to 11/2015. INTERVENTION: All tumors were initially approached via a transcanal endoscopic technique...
March 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168713/prepulse-inhibition-and-facilitation-of-the-postauricular-reflex-a-vestigial-remnant-of-pinna-startle
#10
Steven A Hackley, Xi Ren, Amy Underwood, Fernando Valle-Inclán
If the postauricular reflex (PAR) is to be used effectively in studies of emotion and attention, its sensitivity to basic modulatory effects such as prepulse inhibition and facilitation must be determined. Two experiments were carried out with healthy young adults to assess the effects of transient and sustained visual prestimuli on the pinna-flexion response to trains of startle probes. In the first experiment, participants passively viewed a small white square. It was displayed from 1,000 ms prior to onset of a train of noise bursts until the end of that train...
February 7, 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167014/the-temporoparietal-fascia-flap-for-coverage-of-cochlear-reimplantation-following-extrusion
#11
Kaveh Karimnejad, Asad Shahab Akhter, Scott Gregory Walen, Anthony Alan Mikulec
The management of cochlear implant extrusion (CIE) can be challenging, particularly in the pediatric population in whom reconstructive options are limited. We describe the use of the temporoparietal fascia flap (TPFF) for this purpose due to its ease of use and limited morbidity. We present a case series of two pediatric patients who underwent explantation of their devices, followed by reimplantation with TPFF coverage. Our experience provides evidence that the TPFF can be used to prevent further CIE through a postauricular incision following cochlear reimplantation with successful long-term results...
March 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141558/results-of-auricular-conchal-bowl-reconstructions-following-cancer-resections-with-postauricular-island-flap
#12
Aleksandra Iljin, Edward Lewandowicz, Bogusław Antoszewski, Marcin Durko, Tomasz Zieliński
The aim of the study was to present our experience with the postauricular island flap (pif) and clinical evaluation of the results following auricular conchal bowl reconstructions with the pif in patients after carcinoma resections. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We analyzed results in 13 patients who underwent auricular conchal bowl reconstructions with pif following malignant tumor resection between 2000-2013. The patients were followed-up. We estimated early and long-term results after surgery including plastic surgeon's and patient's opinion...
December 1, 2016: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127490/rare-type-cranial-postauricular-pilonidal-sinus-a-case-report-and-brief-review-of-literature
#13
Sebahattin Destek, Vahit Onur Gul, Serkan Ahioglu
A pilonidal sinus is a chronic inflammatory process, the etiology of which is still not fully elucidated. It frequently presents at the sacrococcygeal region (typical) and rarely at extrasacrococcygeal (atypical) locations, including the interdigital, axillary, inguinal, and umbilical regions, as well as the neck, face, and scalp. A 46-year-old man presented with a thirty-year history of a slowly growing nodule on the postauricular area of the scalp. The lesion was excised and diagnosed as a pilonidal sinus based on the clinical and histological findings...
2017: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107855/a-close-look-at-an-integrative-treatment-package-for-bell-s-palsy-in-korea
#14
Seung Min Kathy Lee, Suji Lee, Jun Hyeong Park, Jongbae J Park, Sanghoon Lee
OBJECTIVE: To provide an overview of the integrative treatment package for Bell's palsy provided at Kyung Hee University Korean Medicine Hospital (KHU KMH). SUMMARY: The Facial Palsy Center at KHU KMH has been providing integrative treatment for Bell's palsy patients during the past three decades. Within 72 h of symptom onset, corticosteroids are recommended but complementary treatment including acupuncture and herbal medicine can be used to help suppress inflammation and nerve degeneration...
February 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099268/vascular-nature-and-existence-of-anastomoses-of-extrinsic-postauricular-fascia-application-for-staged-auricular-reconstruction
#15
Suphalerk Lohasammakul, Chairat Turbpaiboon, Supin Chompoopong, Rosarin Ratanalekha, Chongdee Aojanepong
A staged auricular reconstruction in microtia patients was developed by using superficial mastoid fascia (as part of extrinsic postauricular fascia) to cover the cartilagenous framework due to its highly vascularized nature. Three branches of external carotid artery (superficial temporal artery, posterior auricular artery and occipital artery) were found to supply this fascia, this study was therefore aimed to investigate the dimension of blood supply from each vessel and also to demonstrate the existence of anastomoses among these arteries...
January 18, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032165/an-alternative-posterosuperior-auricular-fascia-flap-for-ear-elevation-during-microtia-reconstruction
#16
Yiyuan Li, Ruhong Zhang, Qun Zhang, Zhicheng Xu, Feng Xu, Datao Li
BACKGROUND: Advances in staged total auricular reconstruction have resulted in improved anterior auricular appearance; however, satisfactory postreconstruction esthetics of the retroauricular fold remain challenging. The postauricular appearance of the reconstructed ear depends largely upon optimizing the covering material. When used as the covering soft tissue for ear elevation, a flap containing primarily the upper portion of the retroauricular fascia has potential advantages over the conventional book cover-type retroauricular fascia flap...
December 28, 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028342/kimura-s-disease-a-diagnostic-challenge-experienced-with-cytology-of-postauricular-swelling-with-histopathological-relevance
#17
Mingma Sherpa, Rachna Lamichaney, Asitava Deb Roy
Kimura's disease is a rare, chronic inflammatory disorder of unknown cause. It is endemic in Asia, affecting more number of males than females, with a ratio of 3:1. The typical clinical manifestations include a triad of painless unilateral cervical lymphadenopathy or subcutaneous masses predominantly in the head and neck region, blood and tissue eosinophilia, and an elevated serum immunoglobulin E (IgE) levels. Variable conditions both benign and malignant may mimic Kimura's disease both clinically and on fine needle aspirates...
October 2016: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002245/a-temporoparietal-fascia-pocket-method-in-elevation-of-reconstructed-auricle-for-microtia
#18
Takashi Kurabayashi, Hirotaka Asato, Yasutoshi Suzuki, Nobuyuki Kaji, Yoko Mitoma
BACKGROUND: In the two-stage procedures for the reconstruction of microtia, an axial flap of temporoparietal fascia (TPF) is widely used to cover the costal cartilage blocks placed behind the framework. Although a TPF flap is undoubtedly reliable, use of the flap has some morbidity and comes at the expense of the option for salvage surgery. METHODS: The authors devised a simplified procedure for covering the cartilage blocks by creating a pocket in the postauricular TPF...
December 19, 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899950/bone-anchored-titanium-implants-in-patients-with-auricular-defects-three-years-and-27-patients-experience
#19
Emilio Mevio, Luca Facca, Stefano Schettini, Mauro Mullace
Different surgical solutions have been proposed for reconstruction of the auricle following loss of the pinna through traumatic injury or neoplastic disease or in patients with congenital defects. Surgical treatment may involve the insertion of an autogenous rib cartilage framework or the use of a porous polymer material inserted into an expanded postauricular flap. Reconstruction with rib cartilage has yielded good results but requires more than one surgical step, and adverse events can occur both at the donor and at the acceptor site; cases of prosthesis rejection have also been described following application of the polymeric prosthesis...
2016: International Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865143/the-postauricular-fasciocutaneous-flap-with-an-adipofascial-extension-a-case-report
#20
Mohammed M Al-Qattan, Nawarah Al-Arfaj
INTRODUCTION: A complex defect on the anterior surface of the ear requires flap cover; such as the postauricular skin flap. The postauricular skin flap has never been used with an adipofascial extension. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 5-year old boy was involved in a car accident resulting in an exposed cartilage of the upper part of the right ear. The defect was covered with a post-auricular fasciocutaneous flap with an adipofascial extension. The adipofascial part of the flap was covered with a skin graft...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
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