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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340257/symmetrical-drug-related-intertriginous-and-flexural-exanthema-induced-by-doxycycline
#1
David G Li, Cristina Thomas, Gil S Weintraub, Arash Mostaghimi
Symmetrical drug-related intertriginous and flexural exanthema (SDRIFE) is a cutaneous drug reaction characterized by erythema over the buttocks, thighs, groin, and flexural regions most commonly associated with the use of beta-lactam antibiotics. Although the exact pathophysiology of this disease remains unknown, it is theorized to be the result of a delayed hypersensitivity response presenting as a cutaneous eruption days to weeks after exposure to the drug. The treatment involves discontinuation of the suspected medication, symptomatic control of pruritus, and topical steroid therapy...
November 10, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339001/does-the-surgical-approach-for-treating-mandibular-condylar-fractures-affect-the-rate-of-seventh-cranial-nerve-injuries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-based-on-a-new-classification-for-surgical-approaches
#2
Essam Ahmed Al-Moraissi, Aurélien Louvrier, Giacomo Colletti, Larry M Wolford, Federico Biglioli, Marwa Ragaey, Christophe Meyer, Edward Ellis
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the rate of facial nerve injury (FNI) when performing (ORIF) of mandibular condylar fractures by different surgical approaches. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed that included several databases with specific keywords, a reference search, and a manual search for suitable articles. The inclusion criteria were all clinical trials, with the aim of assessing the rate of facial nerve injuries when (ORIF) of mandibular condylar fractures was performed using different surgical approaches...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277981/a-protective-role-for-fadd-dominant-negative-fadd-dn-mutant-in-trinitrochlorobenzene-tncb-induced-murine-contact-hypersensitivity-reactions
#3
X Zhang, Y Han, L Song, L Huo, X Lai, Y Zhang, J Zhang, Z Hua
BACKGROUND: Fas-associated protein with death domain (FADD) is a classic adaptor protein in apoptosis. Increasing evidence has shown that FADD is also implicated in T-cell development, activation and proliferation. The role of FADD in inflammatory disorders remains largely unexplored. AIM: To assess the role of FADD in inflammatory disorders. METHODS: We established an experimental model of contact hypersensitivity (CHS) by using 2,4,6-trinitrochlorobenzene (TNCB) on transgenic mice expressing a dominant negative mutant of FADD (FADD-DN), RESULTS: CHS responses were clearly attenuated in FADD-DN mice compared with control mice...
December 26, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262448/-application-of-functional-parotidectomy-via-retroauricular-hairline-incision-in-the-excising-superficial-parotid-tumor
#4
P A Wu, Z Q Lu, Y F Guan, H L Zhu, X N Liang, W Y Liang, R K Tsang
Objective: To evaluate the usefulness of retroauricular hairline incision (RAHI) in partial superficial parotidectomy (PSP) by comparison with modified Blair incision (MBI). Methods: A retrospective analysis of 64 medical records for patients with benign parotid tumors who underwent partial superficial parotidectomy was undertaken (28 were in MBI group, 36 in RAHI group). Size and location of tumors, operative time, occurrence of facial nerve paralysis and Frey's syndrome, and cosmetic outcomes were compared between RAHI and MBI groups...
December 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251689/the-summating-potential-is-a-reliable-marker-of-electrode-position-in-electrocochleography-cochlear-implant-as-a-theragnostic-probe
#5
Victor Helmstaedter, Thomas Lenarz, Peter Erfurt, Andrej Kral, Peter Baumhoff
OBJECTIVE: For the increasing number of cochlear implantations in subjects with residual hearing, hearing preservation, and thus the prevention of implantation trauma, is crucial. A method for monitoring the intracochlear position of a cochlear implant (CI) and early indication of imminent cochlear trauma would help to assist the surgeon to achieve this goal. The aim of this study was to evaluate the reliability of the different electric components recorded by an intracochlear electrocochleography (ECochG) as markers for the cochleotopic position of a CI...
December 14, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191823/lyric-hearing-aid-a-rare-cause-of-benign-necrotising-otitis-externa-external-ear-canal-cholesteatoma
#6
Christopher Thompson, Rohit Gohil, Alex Bennett
An 80-year-old Caucasian man presented with an incidental and asymptomatic lesion in his right ear thought to be secondary to his use of hearing aids for presbycusis. He used Lyric hearing aids, designed for 24 hours-a-day use for 4 months at a time and had no other previous otological problems. He underwent a bony meatoplasty and vascular flap reconstruction via a retroauricular approach to remove the lesion for histological analysis and regrafting of the area. The lesion was confirmed on histopathology as an ear canal cholesteatoma...
November 29, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186094/-pectoral-retroauricular-approach-for-endoscopic-parathyroidectomy-experimental-study
#7
I A Kurganov, S I Emelyanov, D Yu Bogdanov, O A Agafonov, M Sh Mamistvalov, N L Matveev, A V Fedorov, A N Kusin
AIM: To develop and investigate in the experiment the method of endoscopic parathyroidectomy in order to prevent intraoperative 'conflict of the instruments' and to reduce surgical trauma via extracervical approach. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The results of 10 experimental endoscopic parathyroidectomies with original pectoral-retroauricular approach were analyzed. RESULTS: Mean time of surgery was 77.8±10.2 minutes (65-97), mean time of surgical exposure - 50...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184751/a-new-modified-method-of-correcting-cryptotia-with-a-subcutaneous-pedicled-flap
#8
Rina Hikiami, Natsuko Kakudo, Naoki Morimoto, Masakatsu Hihara, Kenji Kusumoto
We developed a surgical technique to correct cryptotia using a subcutaneous pedicled flap raised from the retroauricular region. A skin paddle over the caudal part of the auricular sulcus is designed and transferred to the skin defect of the upper posterior surface of the auricle. This procedure has been performed on 17 ears in 14 patients with cryptotia since 1992. There were no postoperative complications, such as necrosis of the flaps or deformities, and cryptotia did not recur in any patient. A satisfactory auricular contour with a sufficiently deep auriculotemporal sulcus was preserved in all cases...
October 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116423/postoperative-occipital-neuralgia-in-posterior-upper-cervical-spine-surgery-a-systematic-review
#9
Qing Guan, Fei Xing, Ye Long, Zhou Xiang
Postoperative occipital neuralgia (PON) after upper cervical spine surgery can cause significant morbidity and may be overlooked. The causes, presentation, diagnosis, management, prognosis, and prevention of PON were reviewed following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. English-language studies and case reports published from inception to 2017 were retrieved. Data on surgical procedures, incidence, cause of PON, management, outcomes, and preventive technique were extracted...
November 7, 2017: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106870/pediatric-tympanic-membrane-cholesteatoma-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Harry H Ching, Alycia G Spinner, Matthew Ng
INTRODUCTION: Tympanic membrane cholesteatoma (TMC) is a rare anomaly found in pediatric patients with no significant otologic history. Its pathogenesis appears distinct from congenital mesotympanic cholesteatoma. This systematic review and meta-analysis evaluates the management of TMC. METHODS: Two authors independently conducted a systematic review using the PubMed-NCBI, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science databases. Studies describing cases of pediatric TMC were included...
November 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068059/recent-progress-of-retroauricular-robotic-thyroidectomy-with-the-new-surgical-robotic-system
#11
Hyung Kwon Byeon, F Christopher Holsinger, Umamaheswar Duvvuri, Da Hee Kim, Jae Hong Park, Estelle Chang, Se-Heon Kim, Yoon Woo Koh
OBJECTIVE: Previously, we have reported the feasibility of retroauricular (RA) robotic thyroidectomy. Despite its promising surgical outcomes, there were certain intrinsic mechanical limitations inherent to the da Vinci Si System (Intuitive Surgical, Sunnyvale, California, U.S.A.). Since the advent of an upgraded model, the Xi System (Intuitive Surgical), we have actively incorporated the new model into performing RA thyroidectomy. Here, we intend to verify the feasibility of RA robotic thyroidectomy using the new da Vinci Xi System (Intuitive Surgical) with comparison of the former Si-applied surgery (Intuitive Surgical)...
October 25, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040421/effect-of-use-of-platelet-rich-plasma-prp-in-skin-with-intrinsic-aging-process
#12
Luiz Charles-de-Sá, Natale Ferreira Gontijo-de-Amorim, Christina Maeda Takiya, Radovan Borojevic, Donatella Benati, Paolo Bernardi, Andrea Sbarbati, Gino Rigotti
Background: In previous papers, we demonstrated that the treatment of human photoaged skin with stromal-vascular fraction-enriched fat or expanded adipose-derived stem cells showed a decrease of elastosis and the appearance of new oxytalan elastic fibers in dermis and an increase in the vascular network. The utilization of fat plus platelet-rich plasma (PRP) led to an increase in the vascular permeability and reactivity of the nervous component. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to analyze the histologic and ultrastructural changes of human skin after the injection of only PRP in the retroauricular area that was not exposed to sun and did not present the photoaging process, in comparison with our previous results...
September 7, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988400/left-ventricle-assist-devices-and-driveline-s-infection-incidence-a-single-centre-experience
#13
Jonida Bejko, Francesca Toto, Dario Gregori, Gino Gerosa, Tomaso Bottio
Different left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) are provided of different driveline exit sites: HeartWare HVAD presents abdominal power-cable-supply, while the Jarvik 2000 LVAD is powered by a retroauricular driveline. We analyzed 93 LVAD-implanted patients from January-2009 to October-2016 (41 HeartWare and 52 Jarvik 2000), hypothesizing a different incidence of infection, according to driveline exit site. The two populations were propensity matched for the demographic data and preoperative variables, and the outcomes were further analyzed...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Artificial Organs: the Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891871/bone-density-development-of-the-temporal-bone-assessed-by-computed-tomography
#14
Kuniyuki Takahashi, Yuka Morita, Shinsuke Ohshima, Shuji Izumi, Yamato Kubota, Arata Horii
HYPOTHESIS: The temporal bone shows regional differences in bone development. BACKGROUND: The spreading pattern of acute mastoiditis shows age-related differences. In infants, it spreads laterally and causes retroauricular swelling, whereas in older children, it tends to spread medially and causes intracranial complications. We hypothesized that bone maturation may influence the spreading pattern of acute mastoiditis. METHODS: Eighty participants with normal hearing, aged 3 months to 42 years, participated in this study...
December 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809991/treatment-of-inverse-intertriginous-psoriasis-updated-guidelines-from-the-medical-board-of-the-national-psoriasis-foundation
#15
Hasan Khosravi, Michael P Siegel, Abby S Van Voorhees, Joseph F Merola
<p>Inverse or intertriginous psoriasis commonly involves skin fold areas including the axillae, perianal skin, intergluteal cleft, inframammary, genital/inguinal, abdominal, and retroauricular folds. After reviewing the literature for new treatments, a task force was convened to update a consensus on inverse psoriasis therapy. Short-term treatment continues to be low-potency topical steroids. In order to avoid steroid-induced adverse effects, long-term therapy includes topical immunomodulators, calcitriol, and calcipotriene...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713698/robotic-retroauricular-thyroidectomy-initial-experience-from-india
#16
REVIEW
Krishnakumar Thankappan, Surender Dabas, Mandar Deshpande
Robotic thyroidectomy is getting accepted worldwide, but, majority of the literature is from South Korea. The purpose of this paper is to review the early experiences with robotic retroauricular (RA) thyroidectomy from India. The rationale for robotic thyroidectomy, its advantages and disadvantages are reviewed. The reasons for selecting the RA approach and the criteria used for selecting the patients are discussed. The early experience and outcomes of 29 patients, from three centres across India is presented...
June 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713697/safe-implementation-of-retroauricular-robotic-and-endoscopic-neck-surgery-in-south-america
#17
REVIEW
Renan Bezerra Lira, Thiago Celestino Chulam, Luiz Paulo Kowalski
In the last three decades, otolaryngology and head and neck oncological surgery have shown remarkable progress with the development of several modalities of endoscopic-assisted minimally invasive surgeries. More recently, the Da Vinci robotic surgery system has promoted the development of several surgical approaches with less morbidity and better cosmetic results, including the transaxillary and retroauricular approaches for thyroid surgery and neck dissections. In South America, there are several shortcomings regarding financial resources as well as the lack of support for innovation leading to a significant delay in adoption of numerous technological advances in medical practice...
June 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713692/overview-of-robotic-thyroidectomy
#18
REVIEW
Eun Hae Estelle Chang, Hoon Yub Kim, Yoon Woo Koh, Woong Youn Chung
With the advancement and adaptation of technology, there has been a tremendous evolution in the surgical approaches for thyroidectomy. Robotic thyroidectomy has become increasingly popular worldwide attracting both surgeons and patients searching for new and innovative techniques for thyroidectomy with a superior cosmetic result when compared to the conventional open procedures. In this review, we describe the following surgical approaches for robotic thyroidectomy: transaxillary, retroauricular (facelift) and transoral...
June 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635084/primary-tumor-sites-in-relation-to-ultraviolet-radiation-exposure-and-skin-visibility-correlate-with-survival-in-cutaneous-melanoma
#19
Daniela Gordon, Johan Hansson, Sandra Eloranta, Max Gordon, Peter Gillgren, Karin E Smedby
The prognostic value of detailed anatomic site and ultraviolet radiation (UVR) exposure patterns has not been fully determined in cutaneous melanoma. Thus, we reviewed medical records for detailed site in a population-based retrospective Swedish patient cohort diagnosed with primary invasive melanoma 1976-2003 (n = 5,973). We followed the patients from date of diagnosis until death, emigration or December 31(st) 2013, and evaluated melanoma-specific survival by subsite in a multivariable regression model adjusting for established prognostic factors...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609493/vestibuloplasty-with-retroauricular-skin-grafts-for-dental-implant-rehabilitation-in-vascularized-fibula-grafts-two-case-reports
#20
Metin Sencimen, Aydin Gulses, Altan Varol, Mustafa Ayna, Jölide Ozen, Necdet Dogan, Yahya Açil
The aim of this study was to present the use of retroauricular full-thickness skin grafts in vestibuloplasty surgeries for dental implant rehabilitation in vascularized fibula grafts. Two patients underwent mandibular reconstruction with vascularized fibula grafts due to mandibular gunshot injuries. Inadequate sulcus gaps secondary to mandibular soft tissue deficiencies were managed by full-thickness autologous skin grafts harvested from the retroauricular region. Dental rehabilitation was achieved by implants placed in free fibula grafts...
July 2017: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
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