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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068790/temporomandibular-disorders-old-ideas-and-new-concepts
#1
Thomas List, Rigmor Højland Jensen
Background Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) is an umbrella term for pain and dysfunction involving the masticatory muscles and the temporomandibular joints (TMJs). TMD is the most common orofacial pain condition. Its prominent features include regional pain in the face and preauricular area, limitations in jaw movement, and noise from the TMJs during jaw movements. TMD affects up to 15% of adults and 7% of adolescents. Chronic pain is the overwhelming reason that patients with TMD seek treatment. TMD can associate with impaired general health, depression, and other psychological disabilities, and may affect the quality of life of the patient...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058553/implications-of-sentinel-lymph-node-drainage-to-multiple-basins-in-head-and-neck-melanoma
#2
Camille L Stewart, Ana Gleisner, Jennifer Kwak, Brandon Chapman, Nathan Pearlman, Csaba Gajdos, Martin McCarter, Nicole Kounalakis
BACKGROUND: Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) for head and neck melanoma is challenging due to unpredictable drainage. We sought to determine the frequency of drainage to multiple lymphatic basins and asked if this was associated with prognosis in a large, single-center cohort. METHODS: We queried patients diagnosed with head and neck melanomas who had a SLNB performed from January 1998 to April 2016. Demographic and clinical characteristics were compared using Student's t test, Pearson chi-square analysis, log-rank test, Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney test, and Kaplan-Meier curves...
January 5, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051052/acute-neonatal-parotid-abscess-a-rare-case-report
#3
Shreesh Kolekar, Tejas S Chincholi, Ashok Kshirsagar, Narendra Porwal
Acute suppurative parotitis is uncommon in children and is very rare in neonates. Most common organism isolated is Staphylococcus aureus. We present a 15-day-old full-term breast-fed female neonate with left-sided acute parotid abscess. The baby presented with a left preauricular swelling, pain and redness. Pus was exuded from left Stensen's duct on compression of the gland externally. Early diagnosis and proper intravenous antibiotics are the keys to the treatment.
October 2016: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987512/-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-diffuse-tenosynovial-giant-cell-tumor-arising-from-temporomandibular-joints
#4
J H Meng, Y X Guo, H Y Luo, C B Guo, X C Ma
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively analyze the clinical features, treatment and prognosis to the diffuse tenosynovial giant cell tumor (D-TSGCT) arising from the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), and to give a reference for the early diagnosis and treatment of this disease. METHODS: In this study, 15 patients finally diagnosed as D-TSGCT of TMJ histopathologically at the Peking University Hospital of Stomatology from October 2003 to August 2015 were selected and reviewed...
December 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923382/ectopic-third-molars-in-the-sigmoid-notch-etiology-diagnostic-imaging-and-treatment-options
#5
Marcel Hanisch, Leopold F Fröhlich, Johannes Kleinheinz
BACKGROUND: The etiology of ectopic third molars located in the sigmoid notch of the mandible is unclear. Only a few cases have been reported. The aim of this article is to discuss the etiology as well as treatment options and diagnostic imaging techniques. METHODS: A PubMed and Medline search of the literature from 1965 to 2015 to ectopic third molars in the mandibular notch was performed. Furthermore, a clinical case provided by the authors is reported. RESULTS: Among the eight reviewed cases, two male and six female patients were affected that ranged from 25 to 62 years of age (mean 48...
December 6, 2016: Head & Face Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917456/acute-septic-arthritis-of-the-temporomandibular-joint-derived-from-otitis-media-a-report-and-review-of-the-english-and-japanese-literature
#6
Shigeo Ishikawa, Tomoo Watanabe, Mitsuyoshi Iino
Septic arthritis of the temporomandibular joint (SATMJ) is an extremely rare disease with characteristic features of preauricular pain, swelling, redness, and malocclusion. The present report describes a case of SATMJ derived from otitis media, which resulted in a good outcome. We also reviewed the English and Japanese literature with special interest in etiology. It is generally agreed that contiguous or distant infection and trauma are common etiological factors of SATMJ. So far, these etiological factors are mainly discussed based on hypotheses rather than sufficient evidence...
December 5, 2016: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907820/preauricular-pilomatricoma-an-uncommon-entity-in-a-dental-pediatric-patient
#7
Poyzan Bozkurt, Mehmet Eray Kolsuz, Ömer Günhan, Erdal Erdem, Kaan Orhan
INTRODUCTION: Pilomatricomas are benign follicular skin appendage tumors, commonly occurring in children and young adults. Most patients admit to dermatologists to seek treatment and are well known by them; however, dental professionals, especially pediatric dentists are not familiar with these tumors. PRESENTATION OF CASE: This report presents a 16-year-old female with preauricular pilomatricoma, located beneath the overlying skin of the temporomandibular region...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874890/diagnosis-of-a-rapidly-growing-preauricular-nodule-chondroid-syringoma-or-pleomorphic-adenoma
#8
Ashika Odhav, Chirag Odhav, Satish Odhav
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867931/seeding-of-meningeal-sarcoma-along-a-surgical-trajectory-on-the-scalp
#9
Lho Hyoung Woo, Yoon Wan Soo, Chung Dong Sup
Primary sarcomas of the central nervous system are rare. These tumors is rapid growth often produces mass effect on the brain. Diagnosis is rendered pathologically after resection. Surgical resection is the mainstay treatment and need the adjuvant therapy. We report a 44-year-old female with a meningeal sarcoma of frontal meninges. She complained headache for 2 months and palpable forehead mass for 3 weeks. Brain MRI demonstrated a soft tissue mass sized as 5.3×3.7×3.1 cm with well-defined osteolysis on the midline of the frontal bone...
October 2016: Brain Tumor Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866665/-giant-cell-reparative-tumor-an-exceptional-differential-diagnosis-for-a-lytic-lesion-of-the-temporal-bone
#10
F Bernard, L Troude, C Bouvier, P-H Roche
BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE: Giant cell reparative granuloma is a very rare benign osteolytic lesion. It typically arises in the mandible and rarely involves the skull. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 25-year-old male was admitted in August 2002 for a painless left preauricular mass of several months duration. CT scan revealed an osteolytic extradural lesion located in the temporal bone, with extension to infratemporal fossa. We performed a surgical partial resection of the tumour via a frontotemporal approach...
December 2016: Neuro-Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861942/the-ectopic-accessory-parotid-system-with-congenital-cheek-fistula-an-overview-and-current-update
#11
REVIEW
Mainak Dutta
OBJECTIVE: This review attempts to provide a comprehensive, updated overview of the ectopic accessory parotid system (EAPS) from clinical and developmental perspectives and investigates its eligibility to be included in the oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum (OAVS). REVIEW METHODS: Results of the keyword-based search in the PubMed/MEDLINE, Google Scholar, LILACS, and Cochrane Library were subjected to the given inclusion and exclusion criteria that corroborated with the definition of EAPS...
November 12, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829774/difficulties-encountered-in-preauricular-approach-over-retromandibular-approach-in-condylar-fracture
#12
Perumal Jayavelu, R Riaz, A R Tariq Salam, B Saravanan, R Karthick
Fracture of mandible can be classified according to its anatomical location, in which condylar fracture is the most common one overall and is missed on clinical examination. Due to the unique geometry of the mandible and temporomandibular joint, without treatment the fractures can result in marked pain, dysfunction, and deformity. The condylar fracture may be further classified depending on the sides involved: unilateral/bilateral, depending on the height of fracture: intracapsular (within the head of condyle), extracapsular - head and neck (high condyle fracture), and subcondylar (low condyle fracture), and depending on displacement: nondisplaced, displaced (anteromedially, medially, and lateral), and dislocated...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790478/angiomatous-hamartoma-a-rare-presentation
#13
Sharad Hernot, Raman Wadhera, Madhuri Kaintura, Sandeep Bhukar, Dheeraj Shashikumar Pillai
Eccrine Angiomatous Hamartoma (EAH) is a benign rare skin neoplasm characterised histologically by abnormal proliferation of sweat glands and surrounding capillaries and other dermal elements like fatty lobules and hair. It usually presents at birth or in early childhood in the form of solitary nodules mostly affecting the extremities. Here, we report a case of angiomatous hamartoma over the face which presented as a cystic swelling in preauricular region in a 55-year-old man. The late onset and a rare site for presentation of EAH prompted us to report the case...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787535/association-of-recurrence-of-infected-congenital-preauricular-cysts-following-incision-and-drainage-vs-fine-needle-aspiration-or-antibiotic-treatment-a-retrospective-review-of-treatment-options
#14
Holly Rataiczak, Jennifer Lavin, Michelle Levy, Joshua Bedwell, Diego Preciado, Brian K Reilly
Importance: Treatment modalities for preauricular sinus tract infections vary.  Effort should be taken to decrease methods that lead to increased recurrence after surgical excision. Objective: To determine whether incision and drainage (I & D) of infected congenital preauricular cysts is associated with increased rate of recurrence when compared with fine-needle aspiration or antibiotic treatment. Design, Setting, and Participants: This was a 9-year (2006-2014) retrospective cohort study undertaken at a tertiary care pediatric hospital...
October 27, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774762/hearing-characterization-in-oculoauriculovertebral-spectrum-a-prospective-study-with-10-patients
#15
Thayse Bienert Goetze, Pricila Sleifer, Rafael Fabiano Machado Rosa, Alessandra Pawelec da Silva, Carla Graziadio, Paulo Ricardo Gazzola Zen
Oculoauriculovertebral spectrum (OAVS), also known as Goldenhar syndrome, is considered a condition associated to failing of embryogenesis involving the first and second branchial arches, leading to structural abnormalities arising from it. The aim of this study is to verify the hearing features presented by patients with OAVS and provide additional information that may contribute to improvement of speech therapy. The sample consisted of 10 individuals diagnosed with OAVS and cared for by the Clinical Genetics Service...
October 24, 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752215/temporomandibular-joint-disc-repositioning-using-an-orthopedic-suture-anchor-a-modified-disc-anchoring-technique
#16
K Rajkumar, P Mukhopadhyay, Ramen Sinha
PURPOSE: The study assessed the efficacy of orthopedic suture anchor as a modified suture anchor for disc repositioning in case of a closed lock of TMJ. PATIENT AND METHODS: Disc repositioning was undertaken via a mini preauricular approach. The disc was repositioned on the surface of the condyle and stabilized using an orthopedic suture anchor. Postoperatively functional outcomes were assessed in terms of reduction in pain, joint movement and absence of joint noise and clicking sounds...
September 2016: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746845/supra-auricular-versus-sinusectomy-approaches-for-preauricular-sinuses
#17
Mohammad Waheed El-Anwar, Ahmed Shaker ElAassar
Introduction Several surgical techniques and modifications have been described to reduce the high recurrence rate after excision of preauricular sinus. Objectives The aim of this study is to review the literature regarding surgical approaches for preauricular sinus. Data Synthesis We performed searches in the LILACS, MEDLINE, SciELO, PubMed databases and Cochrane Library in September, 2015, and the key words used in the search were "preauricular sinus," "sinusectomy," "supra-auricular approach," "methylene blue," and/or "recurrence...
October 2016: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695554/primary-aneurysmal-bone-cyst-of-the-petrous-temporal-bone-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#18
Mayur Sharma, Vernon Velho, Hrushikesh Kharosekar
Aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC) arising in the petrous portion of the temporal bone is a rare entity with only five such reported cases in the literature. We report the case of a 28-year-old man who presented with a tender swelling in the right preauricular region with right ear discharge and conductive hearing loss of 4 years' duration. Computed tomography and Magnetic Resonance imaging showed a destructive lesion in the right petrous bone with cavitation consistent with the diagnosis of ABC. Gross total resection of the lesion was achieved and diagnosis was confirmed histologically...
October 2016: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690832/intraoral-extraction-of-an-ectopic-mandibular-third-molar-detected-in-the-subcondylar-region-without-a-pathological-cause-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#19
Kohei Okuyama, Yuki Sakamoto, Tomofumi Naruse, Akiko Kawakita, Souichi Yanamoto, Kohei Furukawa, Masahiro Umeda
PURPOSE: To present a case report on the presence of an ectopic mandibular third molar (EMTM), the surgical treatment, and outcome. CASE REPORT: A 63-year-old woman presented with right preauricular facial swelling, limited jaw function, and pain. Radiographic assessment demonstrated an EMTM positioned in the superoposterior aspect of the ramus. Radiographically, there was a bony tunnel extending from the third molar to distal of the second molar. The patient was treated by an intraoral approach on the medial aspect of the ramus for removal of the ectopic third molar, as well as the tissue in the bony tunnel...
October 3, 2016: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682856/multiple-clear-cell-acanthomas-and-a-sebaceous-lymphadenoma-presenting-in-a-patient-with-cowden-syndrome%C3%A2-%C3%A2-a-case-report
#20
Silvia Potenziani, Danielle Applebaum, Bhuvaneswari Krishnan, Carolina Gutiérrez, A Hafeez Diwan
Cowden syndrome (CS) is an uncommon autosomal dominant multiorgan/system genodermatosis. It is characterized by the development of multiple hamartomas of endodermal, mesodermal and ectodermal origin, an increased lifetime risk of breast, thyroid, endometrial and other cancers and an identifiable germline mutation. Mucocutaneous hamartomas are the most common lesions seen and mainly include facial trichilemmomas, oral mucosal papillomas and benign acral keratoses. Herein, we report a case of a 63-year-old Caucasian male with a long-established diagnosis of CS and history of thyroid cancer, colonic polyps, and innumerable trichilemmomas, seborrheic keratoses, squamous papillomas and non-melanoma skin cancers excised in the past...
January 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
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