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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776535/parotid-gland-tuberculosis
#1
Ramakant Dixit, Archana Gokhroo, Satyadeep Verma, Mukesh Panjabi
This report describes parotid gland tuberculosis in a 38-year-old female patient that presented with a firm, painless, progressively increasing swelling over the right preauricular region. Diagnostic workup including contrast enhanced computerized tomography neck and subsequent fine needle aspiration cytology of the swelling made the final diagnosis. The patient responded favorably with anti-tubercular therapy.
July 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763337/folliculotropic-metastatic-melanoma-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
Elizabeth L McKinnon, Kelly L West, Russell A Ball, Nathan Wright, Raymond L Barnhill
Folliculotropic metastasis of cutaneous melanoma is rare, with only 5 published case reports in the English language literature since it was first described in 2009. We report a 41-year-old man with a primary cutaneous melanoma of the right upper preauricular region with metastatic spread to the parotid gland and pulmonary lymph nodes. Excision of the primary lesion was performed and immunotherapy was initiated. Sixteen months later, the patient presented with 2 new lesions of the left forehead and left neck...
September 2017: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761845/angiolymphoid-hyperplasia-with-eosinophilia-and-its-response-to-the-combination-of-radiofrequency-ablation-and-topical-timolol
#3
Pooja Arora, Neha Meena, Prafulla K Sharma, Minakshi Bhardwaj
Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia is a rare vascular disease characterized by multiple erythematous to violaceous papules, commonly present on the head and neck region. We report a case of a 23-year-old female who presented with multiple, erythematous asymptomatic papules on the preauricular region and pinna, which on biopsy was suggestive of angiolymphoid hyperplasia. The lesions were treated with a novel combination of radiofrequency ablation and topical timolol. The lesions healed without scarring and there was no recurrence on 1 year follow up...
July 2017: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754171/stab-injury-to-the-preauricular-region-with-laceration-of-the-external-carotid-artery-without-involvement-of-the-facial-nerve-a-case-report
#4
Diogo Casal, Giovanni Pelliccia, Diogo Pais, Diogo Carrola-Gomes, Maria Angélica-Almeida, José Videira-Castro, João Goyri-O'Neill
BACKGROUND: Open injuries to the face involving the external carotid artery are uncommon. These injuries are normally associated with laceration of the facial nerve because this nerve is more superficial than the external carotid artery. Hence, external carotid artery lesions are usually associated with facial nerve dysfunction. We present an unusual case report in which the patient had an injury to this artery with no facial nerve compromise. CASE PRESENTATION: A 25-year-old Portuguese man sustained a stab wound injury to his right preauricular region with a broken glass...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738189/surgical-landmarks-to-locating-the-main-trunk-of-the-facial-nerve-in-parotid-surgery-a-systematic-review
#5
Yisi D Ji, R Bruce Donoff, Zachary S Peacock, Eric R Carlson
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe distances from commonly used anatomic landmarks to the main trunk of the facial nerve during parotid surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search of the published literature was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. All studies from January 1, 1990 to January 1, 2017 that measured distances to the main trunk of the facial nerve from common anatomic landmarks were eligible...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732800/histological-case-control-study-of-peeling-induced-skin-changes-by-different-peeling-agents-in-surgically-subcutaneous-undermined-skin-flaps-in-facelift-patients
#6
P Gonser, S Kaestner, P Jaminet, K Kaye
A histological evaluation of peeling-induced skin changes in subcutaneous undermined preauricular facial skin flaps of nine patients was performed. There were three treatment groups: Trichloroacetic acid (TCA) 25%, TCA 40% and phenol/croton oil; one group served as control. Two independent evaluators determined the epidermal and dermal thickness and the depth of necrosis (micrometre). The percentual tissue damage due to the peeling was calculated, and a one-sample t-test for statistical significance was performed...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704893/clinical-characteristics-of-idiopathic-epidermoid-and-dermoid-cysts-of-the-ear
#7
Yesun Cho, Dong-Hee Lee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Epidermoid and dermoid cysts are benign cystic lesions, lined by ectodermal squamous epithelium. They are not common in the head and neck areas, which constitute ~7% of all cases of epidermoid and dermoid cysts. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical characteristics of epidermoid and dermoid cysts that developed around the ear. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The clinical records were retrospectively reviewed for patients confirmed histologically as idiopathic epidermoid and dermoid cysts of the ear from January 2011 to December 2015...
July 2017: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687468/two-different-techniques-of-manufacturing-tmj-replacements-a-technical-report
#8
Marcin Kozakiewicz, Tomasz Wach, Piotr Szymor, Rafał Zieliński
INTRODUCTION: Presently, during the surgical treatment of the patients in maxillofacial surgery, one can use various medical implants. Moreover custom made implants are being used. Replacements may be fitted to the structure and shape of the human skull owing to CAD/CAM (custom aided design/manufacture) called customized implants. This study was aimed to report for the first time clinical material from which custom implants, using two different techniques, were manufactured to reconstruct the temporomandibular joint (TMJ)...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677512/-a-toddler-with-a-mandibular-fracture
#9
E L van der Linden, R J Bun, E van Os
BACKGROUND: Mandibular fractures are rare in children. Symptoms of these fractures include preauricular pain and swelling, trismus and pain when opening the mouth, and they are often preceded by a fall on the chin. If the diagnosis is missed they may have serious consequences for the growth and development of the jaw. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 3-year-old boy was referred with a swelling in his left cheek, fever and vomiting. Two days earlier he had fallen on his chin...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676168/reconstruction-of-cheek-defects-secondary-to-mohs-microsurgery-or-wide-local-excision
#10
REVIEW
John E Hanks, Jeffrey S Moyer, Michael J Brenner
Successful reconstruction of the cheek following excision for cutaneous malignancy requires careful consideration of defect location, size, and depth in relation to the anatomic properties of the affected cheek unit. Various reconstructive options are available to the surgeon, ranging from simple excisions to complex cervicofacial advancements to meet the needs for functional and aesthetically pleasing reconstructive outcomes. The surgeon must prevent distortion of mobile structures, such as the eyelid, nose, and lips; respect aesthetic subunits; and avoid blunting natural creases...
August 2017: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663233/the-focal-facial-dermal-dysplasias-phenotypic-spectrum-and-molecular-genetic-heterogeneity
#11
REVIEW
Beom Hee Lee, Aneel Aggarwal, Anne Slavotinek, Lisa Edelmann, Brenden Chen, Robert J Desnick
Focal facial dermal dysplasias (FFDDs) are rare genetic/developmental disorders characterised by bilateral 'scar-like' facial lesions. Four subtypes are classified by the bitemporal (FFDD1-3) or preauricular (FFDD4) lesion location. FFDD1-3 are differentiated by additional facial abnormalities and inheritance patterns. Although the genetic defects causing FFDD1 and FFDD2 remain unknown, recent studies identified defects causing FFDD3 and FFDD4. Here, the clinical phenotypes, genetic defects and inheritance of the four FFDD subtypes are described...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658971/case-series-a-kindred-with-eruptive-vellus-hair-cysts-and-systemic-features
#12
Marisa G Ponzo, Margot I Van Allen, Linlea Armstrong, Magdalena Martinka, Jan P Dutz
Eruptive vellus hair cysts (EVHCs) often occur on the trunk and limbs. Facial involvement is uncommon. Autosomal dominant inheritance has been described, but associated extracutaneous anomalies have not. We describe a 4-patient kindred presenting with multiple facial EVHCs and an association of preauricular pits, lipomas, joint hypermobility, and cardiac defects. Histopathologic examination confirmed the diagnosis of EVHCs in 3 affected individuals. We propose that facial EVHCs may indicate the presence of an inherited autosomal dominant disorder with extracutaneous manifestations...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658169/imaging-features-for-diffuse-type-tenosynovial-giant-cell-tumor-of-the-temporomandibular-joint-a-case-report
#13
Yan Hu, Bin Kuang, Yue Chen, Jian Shu
RATIONALE: The tenosynovial giant cell tumor (TGCT) is a benign but locally aggressive tumor that arises from the synovial membrane of joints, tendon sheaths, and bursae. Although any joint can be affected, involvement of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) was reported very rarely, and there is no relevant report on F-FDG PET/computerized tomography (CT). PATIENT CONCERNS AND DIAGNOSES: We present here a rare case of diffuse-type of TGCT (D-TGCT) arising from the right TMJ in a 74-year-old woman...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657137/a-novel-pax1-null-homozygous-mutation-in-autosomal-recessive-otofaciocervical-syndrome-associated-with-severe-combined-immunodeficiency
#14
Irene Paganini, Roberta Sestini, Gabriele Lorenzo Capone, Anna Laura Putignano, Elisa Contini, Irene Giotti, Francesca Gensini, Annabella Marozza, Alessandro Barilaro, Berardino Porfirio, Laura Papi
Otofaciocervical syndrome is a rare disorder characterized by facial anomalies, cup-shaped low-set ears, preauricular fistulas, hearing loss, branchial defects, skeletal anomalies, and mild intellectual disability. Autosomal dominant cases are caused by deletions or point mutations of EYA1. A single family with an autosomal recessive form of otofaciocervical syndrome and a homozygous missense mutation in PAX1 gene has been described. We report whole exome sequencing of 4 members of a consanguineous family in which two children, showing features of otofaciocervical syndrome, expired from severe combined immunodeficiency...
June 28, 2017: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618979/complications-and-post-operative-sequelae-of-temporomandibular-joint-arthrocentesis
#15
Luigi Angelo Vaira, Maria Teresa Raho, Damiano Soma, Giovanni Salzano, Giovanni Dell'aversana Orabona, Pasquale Piombino, Giacomo De Riu
OBJECTIVE:  To evaluate intraoperative complications and postsurgical sequelae associated with arthrocentesis of the TMJ, including injection of Sodium Hyaluronate. METHODS: This retrospective study evaluated 433 arthrocentesis procedures performed in 315 patients between January 2009 and August 2016. The authors reviewed the complications identified during the procedure and the follow-up period. RESULTS: Temporary swelling of the periarticular tissues (95...
June 15, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607792/a-constellation-of-rare-findings-in-a-case-of-goldenhar-syndrome
#16
Mitesh Bedi, Rakesh Kumar Jain, Vipin Kumar Barala, Abhimanyu Singh, Hiranmayi Jha
An 18-month-old child presented with right macrostomia, bilateral preauricular skin tags, bilateral CTEV, squint in bilateral eyes, thoracic vertebral anomalies, right sided aortic arch, and associated left pulmonary agenesis. The patient did not have any associated respiratory symptoms. Ipsilateral pulmonary agenesis is considered as a rare association with Goldenhar syndrome and a case of contralateral pulmonary aplasia has been described as an even rarer association.
2017: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576531/the-clinical-efficacy-of-early-intervention-for-infected-preauricular-sinus
#17
Oak-Sung Choo, Top Kim, Jeong Hun Jang, Yun-Hoon Choung
OBJECTIVE: The study was designed to evaluate the outcomes of early surgical intervention, and to suggest the accurate operation time and surgical strategies. METHODS: A total of 190 cases (144 patients) of PAS excision were classified into 2 groups according to their time of surgery; early intervention group (n = 53), and non-early intervention group (n = 137). Early intervention was defined as excision performed within 3 weeks from their first hospital visit, and after acute infection control, surgical removal was followed regardless of their infection status...
April 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571674/gillies-temporal-incision-an-alternate-approach-to-superficial-temporal-artery-biopsy
#18
G Markose, R M Graham
The main complications of a biopsy of the superficial temporal artery using a standard preauricular approach include scars on the face, weakness of the temporal branch of the facial nerve, and the possible harvest of a disease-free segment of artery. We describe a modification of the Gillies temporal approach, which when placed at the junction of the frontal and parietal branch can be easily modified to harvest either branch. It avoids scarring to the face as it is hidden within the hairline. The incision placed with specific measurements and palpation is easily reproducible...
May 29, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536928/reduction-malarplasty-that-uses-malar-setback-without-resection-of-malar-body-strip
#19
Hae-Won Yang, Jin-Joo Hong, Youn-Taek Koo
BACKGROUND: Various surgical methods have been developed and used to reduce prominent malar bones. The most common reduction malarplasty methods are resection of the bone strip of the malar bone with L-osteotomy or I-osteotomy, followed by setback and fixation. However, these methods could be associated with complications due to the bone strip resection. The present article introduces an effective and safe method that reduces the zygoma without resection of a malar bone strip. METHODS: Through preauricular and intraoral incisions, we performed the current L-osteotomy without resection of the malar bone strip using a reciprocating saw...
May 23, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536539/mental-status-as-a-common-factor-for-masticatory-muscle-pain-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Mieszko Wieckiewicz, Marek Zietek, Joanna Smardz, Dobrochna Zenczak-Wieckiewicz, Natalia Grychowska
Masticatory muscle pain (MMP) is the primary reason for chronic non-odontogenic orofacial pain in the human population. MMP has become a considerable social problem, which affects about 12-14% of the adult population and is 1.5-2 times more frequent in women than in men. This term defines a pain which has its origins in the masticatory muscles. Although MMP is typically felt in the face, jaws, and preauricular area, MMP can radiate to the ear, teeth, head, and neck. This systematic review explains the relationship between MMP and common mental states, such as anxiety, depression, mood and stress-related disorders, and is reported in accordance with PRISMA guidelines...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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