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Marzena Mielczarek, Joanna Michalska, Katarzyna Polatyńska, Jurek Olszewski
In our clinic invasive transtympanal promontory positive DC stimulations were first used, with a success rate of 42%. However, non-invasive hydrotransmissive negative DC stimulations are now favored, with improvement being obtained in 37.8% directly after the treatment, and 51.3% in a follow up 1 month after treatment. The further improvement after 1 month may be due to neuroplastic changes at central level as a result of altered peripheral input. The aim of the study was to determine how/whether a single electrical stimulation of the ear influences cortical activity, and whether changes observed in tinnitus after electrical stimulation are associated with any changes in cortical activity recorded in EEG...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
J M Li, W B Xu, J W Zhong, H Y Wu, W C Dai
Objective: To assess the characteristics of facial nerve canal between normal anatomy and dysplasia of children in different ages. Methods: A total of 492 health ears were divided into six groups, neonatal group (<1 m , n=42), infancy group(1 m-1 y, n=106), toddler group(1-3 y, n=102), preschool group (3-6 y, n=100), school group(6-10 y, n=60)and adolescent group (10-14 y, n=82). The length and diameter of facial nerve canal and that angles of first and second genu were measured with CT in each group. Results: ①The lengths of facial nerve canal in neonatal and infancy group were shorter than other four groups, especially in the mastoid segments of facial nerve canal...
October 7, 2016: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
C Mozet, T Kuhnt, B Sattler, J Remmele, U Thome, H Stepan, R Kluge, A Dietz, M Knoedler
Objective: The diagnosis of cancer in pregnancy is rare, but might become more relevant even for head and neck cancer patients due to a shift of age of primipara towards the last third of reproductive years. Unsureness exists about the risk and benefit of diagnostic and therapeutic cancer modalities for the unborn and established recommendations are still missing. But, according to recent data, even multimodal therapeutic approaches (e. g. surgery, radiation, chemotherapy) seem possible in face of pregnancy and should be traded against the risk of prematurity...
October 2016: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
D Zelle, E Dalhoff, A W Gummer
BACKGROUND: Distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) and transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs) are sound waves generated as byproducts of the cochlear amplifier. These are measurable in the auditory canal and represent an objective method for diagnosing functional disorders of the inner ear. Conventional DPOAE and TEOAE methods permit detection of hearing impairment, but with less than desirable accuracy. OBJECTIVE: By accounting for DPOAE generation mechanisms, the aim is to improve the accuracy of inner-ear diagnosis...
October 19, 2016: HNO
Kerem Öztürk, Sercan Göde, Servet Çelik, Mustafa Orhan, Okan Bilge, Cem Bilgen, Tayfun Kirazlı, Canan Y Saylam
BACKGROUND: The exposure of the round window (RW) through the facial recess (FR) is sometimes partial. The anatomic variations that alter RW exposure during cochleostomy have not been clearly defined to date. AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess the best FR position in which to achieve the widest exposure of the RW niche and to define the topographic relationship between two other important anatomical structures, the facial nerve (FN) and the chorda tympani (CT)...
September 2016: Balkan Medical Journal
Luke Grome, Patrick Bacaj, Gregory Borah
A 38-year-old woman is described who presented with a slowly growing mass on the posterior aspect of the left ear. Excision and histopathologic evaluation revealed a pleomorphic adenoma (PA) originating from heterotopic salivary gland tissue. Many authors have presented cases of PAs originating from ceruminous glands in the external auditory canal or of so-called chondroid syringoma originating from apocrine and eccrine sweat glands. This is the only case in the recent literature of a PA originating from a heterotopic rest of salivary gland tissue in the retroauricular region...
September 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Darja Kušar, Karin Šrimpf, Petra Isaković, Lina Kalšek, Javid Hosseini, Irena Zdovc, Tina Kotnik, Modest Vengušt, Gabrijela Tavčar-Kalcher
BACKGROUND: Bacterial intercellular communication, called quorum sensing, takes place via the production and collective response to signal molecules. In Gram-negative bacteria, like Pseudomonas aeruginosa, these signaling molecules are N-acylhomoserine lactones (AHLs). P. aeruginosa is a common cause of inflammation of the ear canal (otitis externa) in dogs. It employs quorum sensing to coordinate the expression of host tissue-damaging factors, which are largely responsible for its virulence...
October 18, 2016: BMC Veterinary Research
Golda Grinblat, Sampath Chandra Prasad, Gianluca Piras, Jingchun He, Abdelkader Taibah, Alessandra Russo, Mario Sanna
OBJECTIVE: 1) To describe the surgical technique of drill canaplasty for exostosis and osteoma and to evaluate our results. 2) To propose a new grading system for external auditory canal stenosis (EACS). 3) To review the recent literature. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review. SETTING: Quarternary referral center for Otology & Skull Base surgery. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Two hundred seventeen patients (256 ears) with exostosis or osteoma were included in the study...
October 12, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
Aaron R Baker, David G Fanelli, Sangam Kanekar, Huseyin Isildak
OBJECTIVE: Current bone-anchored hearing aid (BAHA) guidelines recommend placement of the titanium implant 5 to 7 cm posterior to the ear canal. Previous studies show that bone conducted hearing is maximized the closer the transducer is to the cochlea. We aim to investigate the position of the sigmoid sinus with respect to BAHA implants to determine whether they may be safely placed closer to the ear canal in patients with chronic ear disease, enhancing the amplification available to the patient...
October 12, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
Christian Güldner, Isabell Diogo, Eva Bernd, Stephanie Dräger, Magis Mandapathil, Afshin Teymoortash, Hesham Negm, Thomas Wilhelm
Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT, syn. digital volume tomography = DVT) was introduced into ENT imaging more than 10 years ago. The main focus was on imaging of the paranasal sinuses and traumatology of the mid face. In recent years, it has also been used in imaging of chronic ear diseases (especially in visualizing middle and inner ear implants), but an exact description of the advantages and limitations of visualizing precise anatomy in a relevant number of patients is still missing. The data sets of CBCT imaging of the middle and inner ear of 204 patients were analyzed regarding the visualization of 18 different anatomic structures...
October 17, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Hyun-Min Lee, Keun-Ik Yi, Jae-Hoon Jung, Il-Woo Lee
We report an extremely rare case of hearing aid silicone impression material as a foreign body in the middle ear. Symptoms of the patient were otorrhea and vertigo after taking of a mold impression on his only hearing ear, and the symptoms mimicked chronic otitis media. A temporal bone CT scan revealed foreign body material in the middle ear and Eustachian tube. An intact canal wall mastoidectomy with a facial recess approach and type IV tympanoplasty was performed to remove the silicone impression material...
September 28, 2016: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Hilary C McCrary, Erynne A Faucett, Saranya Reghunathan, F Zahra Aly, Rihan Khan, Raymond F Carmody, Abraham Jacob
OBJECTIVE: Cutaneous neuroendocrine lesions of the external auditory canal (EAC) are exceptionally rare, with only five cases reported in the literature. In this case report, we present a patient with a recurrent carcinoid tumor in the EAC, which has yet to be described. PATIENTS: A 38-year-old woman presenting with otalgia, aural fullness, and decreased hearing was found to have a recurrent EAC carcinoid tumor, 8-years after initial resection at an outside facility...
September 30, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
Yi Zhang, Bo Liu, Rui Wang, Ruo Jia, Xin Gu
BACKGROUND: Meniere's disease is a unique, progressive disease of the inner ear. The complex manifestation presents diagnostic challenges. The cochlear symptoms often present before vertigo and tend to be ignored. This study aimed to analyze the characteristics of cochlear symptoms and functions associated with Meniere's disease to investigate the regularity of the development of this disorder. METHODS: One-hundred fifteen patients who were diagnosed with definite unilateral Meniere's disease at the Hearing and Vestibular Clinic of the Department of Otorhinolaryngology of Beijing Tongren Hospital from August 2013 to November 2015 were recruited in this retrospective study...
2016: Chinese Medical Journal
Gardiner von Trapp, Ishita Aloni, Stephen Young, Malcolm N Semple, Dan H Sanes
The consequences of developmental hearing loss have been reported to include both sensory and cognitive deficits. To investigate these issues in a non-human model, auditory learning and asymptotic psychometric performance were compared between normal hearing (NH) adult gerbils and those reared with conductive hearing loss (CHL). At postnatal day 10, before ear canal opening, gerbil pups underwent bilateral malleus removal to induce a permanent CHL. Both CHL and control animals were trained to approach a water spout upon presentation of a target (Go stimuli), and withhold for foils (Nogo stimuli)...
October 13, 2016: Hearing Research
A Ernst, I Todt, J Wagner
BACKGROUND: Dehiscence syndromes of the semicircular canals are a relatively new group of neurotological disorders. They have a variety of symptoms with hearing/balance involvement. Younger patients have clinically relevant symptoms in only about one third of cases. In addition to etiology and pathogenesis, the present paper describes diagnostic and therapeutic possibilities using a patient series of the authors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This nonrandomized prospective study included 52 patients with uni-/bilateral dehiscence syndromes of the superior and/or posterior canal (SCDS/PCDS), diagnosed with high-resolution computed tomography (HR-CT) of the petrous bone...
October 14, 2016: HNO
Neil S Patel, Jacob B Hunter, Brendan P O'Connell, Natalie M Bertrand, George B Wanna, Matthew L Carlson
OBJECTIVE: Patients with incidental or minimally symptomatic superior semicircular canal dehiscence (SSCD) are usually observed, without surgical repair. However, it remains unknown whether a labyrinthine fistula of the superior semicircular canal is associated with progressive conductive or sensorineural hearing loss over time. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review at two tertiary care academic referral centers. METHODS: Adults analyzed were diagnosed with SSCD by high-resolution temporal bone computed tomography and vestibular evoked myogenic potential testing and observed with a minimum of two sequential audiograms...
October 14, 2016: Laryngoscope
Emmy Verheij, Henricus G X M Thomeer, Frank A Pameijer, Vedat Topsakal
Van Maldergem syndrome (VMS) is a very rare syndrome that was first described in 1992. The main features of this syndrome comprise intellectual disability, blepharo-naso-facial malformation, and hand anomalies. Almost all nine described patients have been shown to be affected by conductive hearing impairment attributed to microtia, and atresia of the outer ear canal. Here, we present a VMS patient with congenital malformations of the middle ear as the main reason for severe conductive bilateral hearing impairment...
October 14, 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Phayvanh P Sjogren, Richard K Gurgel, Albert H Park
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether a canal wall down mastoidectomy can provide long-term benefit for children with aural stenosis. METHODS: Retrospective case series of children with congenital aural stenosis having undergone a canal wall down mastoidectomy over a twelve-year period at a tertiary children's hospital. RESULTS: Data from thirteen children who underwent a total of twenty canal wall down mastoidectomies for aural stenosis were reviewed...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Samuel R Barber, Elliott D Kozin, Matthew Dedmon, Brian M Lin, Kyuwon Lee, Sumi Sinha, Nicole Black, Aaron K Remenschneider, Daniel J Lee
INTRODUCTION: Surgical simulators are designed to improve operative skills and patient safety. Transcanal Endoscopic Ear Surgery (TEES) is a relatively new surgical approach with a slow learning curve due to one-handed dissection. A reusable and customizable 3-dimensional (3D)-printed endoscopic ear surgery simulator may facilitate the development of surgical skills with high fidelity and low cost. Herein, we aim to design, fabricate, and test a low-cost and reusable 3D-printed TEES simulator...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Masato Yamauchi, Masahito Yamamoto, Kei Kitamura, Masaaki Kasahara, Satoru Matsunaga, Gen Murakami, Shin-Ichi Abe
The vestibular and geniculate ganglia of the ear in experimental animals carry both of the tyrosine hydroxylase (TH)-positive sympathetic neurons and the neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS)-positive parasympathetic neurons. With an aid of immunohistochemistry, we examined these ganglia as well as the horizontal part of the facial nerve using specimens from 10 formalin-fixed elderly cadavers. The submandibular ganglion from the same cadavers was used for the positive control for both markers. Although there was a nonspecific reaction in nuclei for the present antibody of nNOS, these ganglia were unlikely to contain either nNOS- or TH-positive neurons...
2016: Okajimas Folia Anatomica Japonica
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