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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643009/patient-satisfaction-and-its-influencing-factors-of-microtia-reconstruction-using-autologous-cartilage
#1
Chunxiao Cui, Shim Yoon Hoon, Ruhong Zhang, Qun Zhang, Zhicheng Xu, Feng Xu, Datao Li, Yiyuan Li
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate patient perceptions of and satisfaction with surgical outcomes of microtia reconstruction using autologous cartilage. It also analyzes associations between patient background characteristics and their evaluation. METHODS: Lobule-type microtia patients who had received first-stage surgery were interviewed using a questionnaire, which included assessment of nine auricle substructures, superior and inferior parts and overall impression...
June 22, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566194/non-invasive-vagus-nerve-stimulation-acutely-improves-spontaneous-cardiac-baroreflex-sensitivity-in-healthy-young-men-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#2
Diego Antonino, André L Teixeira, Paulo M Maia-Lopes, Mayara C Souza, Jeann L Sabino-Carvalho, Aaron R Murray, Jim Deuchars, Lauro C Vianna
BACKGROUND: Despite positive outcomes of transcutaneous vagus nerve stimulation (tVNS) via the auricular branch of the vagus nerve (ABVN), the mechanisms underlying these outcomes remain unclear. Additionally, previous studies have not been controlled the possible placebo effects of tVNS. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that tVNS acutely improves spontaneous cardiac baroreflex sensitivity (cBRS) and autonomic modulation, and that these effects are specific to stimulation of ABVN...
May 19, 2017: Brain Stimulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475197/do-postural-changes-affect-balance-in-patients-with-ankylosing-spondylitis
#3
Elif Balevi Batur, Gülçin Kaymak Karataş
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect on balance control of postural changes related to ankylosing spondylitis. DESIGN: Thirty-four subjects with ankylosing spondylitis and 34 healthy individuals were enrolled. Examination of postural alignment was conducted using lumbar Schober, hand to ground distance, tragus to wall distance and occiput to wall distance measurements, and Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Metrology Index. Balance was evaluated by Berg Balance Scale, Functional Reach Test, Lateral Reach Test, and Static Balance Index...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471440/accuracy-of-the-nasal-tragus-length-measurement-for-correct-endotracheal-tube-placement-in-a-cohort-of-neonatal-resuscitation-simulators
#4
M M Gray, H Delaney, R Umoren, T P Strandjord, T Sawyer
OBJECTIVE: Nasal-tragus length (NTL) estimates of endotracheal tube (ETT) depth are replacing weight-based estimates for endotracheal tube depth in neonates requiring endotracheal intubation. Existing neonatal simulators were designed before interest in using the NTL, and may lack fidelity in this measurement. The objective of this study is to evaluate the accuracy of the adjusted NTL formula and the Neonatal Resuscitation Program (NRP) gestational age/weight-based ETT depth chart in predicting proper endotracheal tube insertion depth in a cohort of neonatal simulators...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460854/diagonal-earlobe-crease-frank-s-sign-a-predictor-of-cerebral-vascular-events
#5
Saleh Nazzal, Basem Hijazi, Luai Khalila, Arnon Blum
BACKGROUND: Frank's sign was first described in 1973 by an American physician (T. Frank). It is a diagonal crease in the earlobe which starts from the tragus to the edge of the auricle in an angle of 45 degrees in varying depths. Frank sign was described as a predictor of future coronary heart disease and peripheral vascular diseases. The aim of the study was to examine the association between Frank sign and the development of ischemic stroke. METHODS: A prospective study that enrolled consecutive patients admitted with an acute ischemic stroke...
April 28, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445376/defining-temporal-hairline-landmarks
#6
Purushottam A Nagarkar, Jonathan Cheng
Brow dermoids are benign pediatric neoplasms. Endoscopic resection requires incisions placed within the temporal hairline, which is often difficult to reliably locate in infants. The authors studied adult and pediatric patients to define the location of the hairline in relationship to simple facial landmarks. Adult and pediatric patients who were seen in preoperative consultation for facial surgical procedures were identified and included in the study. Patients with a history of facial trauma, surgery, or congenital anomalies were excluded...
May 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445373/auricular-reconstruction-in-hemifacial-microsomia-with-an-expanded-two-flap-method
#7
Jin Qian, Zhibin Li, Tun Liu, Xu Zhou, Qingguo Zhang
BACKGROUND: Reconstruction of external ear is important for the child/adult with craniofacial deformities to achieve balance and harmony of the face and head. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical application of an expanded two-flap method for auricular reconstruction in hemifacial microsomia. METHODS: Between January of 2014 and November of 2015, 111 hemifacial microsomia patients with microtia underwent auricular reconstruction with an expanded two-flap method...
May 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437326/favorable-outcomes-of-preterm-infants-with-parenteral-nutrition-associated-liver-disease-treated-with-intravenous-fish-oil-based-lipid-emulsion
#8
Michael Sorrell, Alvaro Moreira, Kay Green, Rachel Jacob, Robin Tragus, Laura Keller, Amy Quinn, Donald McCurnin, Alice Gong, Abeer El Sakka, Naveen Mittal, Cynthia Blanco
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to determine the acute and long-term outcomes of preterm infants treated with an intravenous fish oil-based lipid emulsion (FishLE) for parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease (PNALD). METHODS: Preterm infants 14 days to 24 months of age with anatomic short gut or severe intestinal dysmotility, serum direct bilirubin ≥4 mg/dL, and requiring >60% calories from parenteral nutrition were eligible. Enrolled infants received 1 g · kg · day of FishLE until resolution of direct hyperbilirubinemia or return of enteral nutrition...
May 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408141/the-effects-of-heel-height-on-head-position-long-term-average-spectra-and-perceptions-of-female-singers
#9
Amelia A Rollings
Female singers often wear high heels for auditions and performances. Heel height research in non-singing contexts indicates that wearing heels can affect body alignment and head position. Studies in orthodontics, sleep apnea, and voice science suggest that head and neck positioning can alter the vocal tract. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects, if any, of heel height (barefoot, 10.16-cm stilettos) on three angles of singer head position (calculated from C7-tragus-nasion), long-term average spectra data, and perceptual data (questionnaire) acquired from female (N = 30) soloists during alternating periods of silence and singing...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393055/outcome-of-incus-interposition-after-preservation-in-soft-tissue
#10
Mohammad Faramarzi, Sareh Roosta, Mahboobe Dianat
INTRODUCTION: The lenticular process of the incus succumbs to necrosis in chronic otitis media. Few researchers have addressed the issue of autograft incus preservation in the soft tissue of the tragus or mastoid cavity. Nonetheless, preservation of the incus in this method during the second stage of ossiculoplasty is a subject that is still up for debate. This study was carried out to demonstrate the hearing outcome after a modification of the incus interposition technique, which involved preserving it in the periauricular soft tissue...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358935/comparison-of-neurovascular-characteristics-of-facial-skin-in-patients-after-primary-and-revision-rhytidectomies
#11
Farhad Ardeshirpour, Elisabeth Hurliman, Gwen Wendelschafer-Crabb, Brian McAdams, Peter A Hilger, William R Kennedy, Amy Anne D Lassig, Michael J Brenner
Importance: Wound healing influences both the cosmetic and functional outcomes of facial surgery. Study of cutaneous innervation may afford insight into patients' preoperative wound healing potential and aid in their selection of appropriate surgical procedures. Objective: To present the quantitative and qualitative differences of epidermal nerve fibers (ENFs), neurotransmitters, vasculature, and mast cells in facial skin among patients after primary and revision rhytidectomies...
March 30, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350674/a-new-microtia-reconstruction-method-using-delayed-postauricular-skin-flap
#12
Gaofeng Li, Fan Zhang, Wei Ding, Zihan Wu, Yigao Hu, Tao Luo, Bo Zhang, Xia Jiang
BACKGROUND: This article presents a new microtia reconstruction method using a delayed postauricular skin flap. METHODS: The surgery is scheduled in three stages, the first of which delays the postauricular skin flap and deals with the remnant auricle. Three weeks later, the second stage is carried out. An erect, three-dimensional ear framework fabricated from autogenous rib cartilage is inserted between two flaps. The anterior auricular surface of the framework is draped with the delayed skin flap, and the postauricular surface is draped with postauricular fascia and overlying grafted skin...
April 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345510/a-cephalometric-study-to-establish-the-relationship-of-the-occlusal-plane-to-the-three-different-ala-tragal-lines-and-the-frankfort-horizontal-plane-in-different-head-forms
#13
S Subhas, P L Rupesh, R Devann, D R V Kumar, A Paliwal, P Solanki
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study is to compare the relationship of the occlusal plane to 3 different ala-tragal lines, namely the superior, middle and inferior lines, in individuals having different head forms and its relation to the Frankfort horizontal plane. METHODOLOGY: A total of 75 lateral cephalometric radiographs of subjects with natural dentition, having full complement of teeth, between the age group of 18-25 were screened and selected. Lateral cephalogram were made for each subjects in an open mouth position...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294080/outcome-and-cost-analysis-of-bilateral-sequential-same-day-cartilage-tympanoplasty-compared-with-bilateral-staged-tympanoplasty
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
A D Olusesi, O Oyeniran
BACKGROUND: Few studies have compared bilateral same-day with staged tympanoplasty using cartilage graft materials. METHODS: A prospective randomised observational study was performed of 38 chronic suppurative otitis media patients (76 ears) who were assigned to undergo bilateral sequential same-day tympanoplasty (18 patients, 36 ears) or bilateral sequential tympanoplasty performed 3 months apart (20 patients, 40 ears). Disease duration, intra-operative findings, combined duration of surgery, post-operative graft appearance at 6 weeks, post-operative complications, re-do rate and relative cost of surgery were recorded...
May 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290917/evaluation-of-receiver-stimulator-migration-in-cochlear-implantation-using-the-subperiosteal-pocket-technique-a-prospective-clinical-study
#15
Y Güldiken, B Polat, N Enver, L Aydemir, Ş Çomoğlu, K S Orhan
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate migration of the receiver-stimulator after cochlear implantation using the subperiosteal pocket technique. METHODS: A prospective clinical study was performed of 32 paediatric patients (aged between 12 months and 8 years; mean ± standard deviation, 28 ± 19 months) who underwent cochlear implantation in tertiary referral centres. The degree of migration was evaluated using measurements between the receiver-stimulator and selected reference points: the lateral canthus, tragus and mastoid tip...
June 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272087/squamous-cell-carcinoma-arising-within-an-accessory-tragus
#16
Lindsay R Sklar, Stanislav N Tolkachjov, Christopher B Harmon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217537/effect-of-proteolytic-enzyme-bromelain-on-pain-and-swelling-after-removal-of-third-molars
#17
Tejpal Singh, Vinayak More, Umayra Fatima, Tanveer Karpe, Mohammed A Aleem, J Prameela
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of bromelain on pain and swelling after surgical removal of third molars. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective randomized clinical study was conducted among 40 patients requiring surgical removal of impacted mandibular third molars. All the impacted molars were surgically removed, and the patients were administered bromelain along with amoxicillin. Patients were recalled on day 1, day 3, and day 7 for postoperative pain assessment using visual analogue scale (VAS) and postoperative swelling assessment using facial reference points tragus and pogonion...
December 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183579/determination-of-insertion-depth-of-flexible-laryngeal-mask-airway-in-pediatric-population-a-prospective-observational-study
#18
Ji-Hyun Lee, Hye-Won Oh, In-Kyung Song, Jin-Tae Kim, Chong-Sung Kim, Hee-Soo Kim
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the ideal insertion depth of the flexible laryngeal mask airway (FLMA) by elucidating the relationships between insertion depth and patient's age, body weight, height, and other parameters. We also evaluated an insertion technique that uses the change in intracuff pressure for proper positioning of the FLMA in cases where it is difficult to sense resistance during FLMA insertion. DESIGN: This study was a prospective observational study...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167193/the-scapula-backward-tipping-test-an-inter-rater-reliability-study
#19
Deepak Sebastian, Raghu Chovvath, Ramesh Malladi
BACKGROUND & PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the reliability of the scapula backward tipping test (SBTT) in detecting the presence of pectoralis minor (PM) tightness and subsequently scapula forward tipping, in a symptomatic population. PM tightness with scapula forward tipping has been described to cause pain and dysfunction in the shoulder region. METHODS: 30 patients with a diagnosis of shoulder pain were randomly assigned and examined by 2 musculoskeletal physical therapists at a time...
January 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121861/what-is-the-lobular-branch-of-the-great-auricular-nerve-anatomical-description-and-significance-in-rhytidectomy
#20
Vicki S Sharma, Robert E Stephens, Barth W Wright, Christopher C Surek
BACKGROUND: Current literature suggests that preserving the lobular branch of the great auricular nerve has greater impact on sensory function of the auricle than preservation of the posterior branch during rhytidectomy. However, no methodology exists to efficiently and accurately determine the topographic location of the lobular branch. This study describes the branching characteristics of the lobular branch and algorithmic surface markings to assist surgeons in preservation of the great auricular nerve during rhytidectomy flap elevation...
February 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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