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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349353/estimation-of-optimal-nasotracheal-tube-depth-in-adult-patients
#1
Sung-Mi Ji
Background: The aim of this study was to estimate the optimal depth of nasotracheal tube placement. Methods: We enrolled 110 patients scheduled to undergo oral and maxillofacial surgery, requiring nasotracheal intubation. After intubation, the depth of tube insertion was measured. The neck circumference and distances from nares to tragus, tragus to angle of the mandible, and angle of the mandible to sternal notch were measured. To estimate optimal tube depth, correlation and regression analyses were performed using clinical and anthropometric parameters...
December 2017: Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304325/effects-of-leukocyte-and-platelet-rich-fibrin-alone-and-combined-with-hyaluronic-acid-on-pain-edema-and-trismus-after-surgical-extraction-of-impacted-mandibular-third-molars
#2
İbrahim Murat Afat, Emine Tuna Akdoğan, Onur Gönül
PURPOSE: In this prospective, randomized, double-blind controlled study, we evaluated the effects of leukocyte- and platelet-rich fibrin (L-PRF) alone and combined with a hyaluronic acid (HA) sponge on pain, edema, and trismus after mandibular third molar surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In total, 60 patients were included in this study. The patients were randomly divided into 3 groups: L-PRF group (L-PRF was applied to the socket), L-PRF-plus-HA group (L-PRF combined with HA was applied to the socket), and control group (nothing was applied)...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302733/the-inclusion-of-orbicularis-oculi-muscle-in-the-smas-flap-in-asian-facelift-anatomical-consideration-of-orbicularis-muscle-and-zygomaticus-major-muscle
#3
Min-Hee Ryu, Victor A Moon, Weimin Yin
BACKGROUND: In the malar region, the SMAS flap can be thin and tear easily, making it difficult to securely fix it. And the surgical anatomy of the region may be unclear and confusing. The authors performed an anatomical study on the location of the lateral margin of the orbicularis oculi muscle (OOM) and the origin of the zygomaticus major muscle (ZMM) when using a high-SMAS facelift with finger-assisted spaces dissection technique, which included elevation of the SMAS flap with OOM...
January 4, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221913/facial-asymmetry-correction-with-moulded-helmet-therapy-in-infants-with-deformational-skull-base-plagiocephaly
#4
Matthias Kreutz, Brigitte Fitze, Christoph Blecher, Augello Marcello, Ruben Simon, Rebecca Cremer, Hans-Florian Zeilhofer, Christoph Kunz, Johannes Mayr
PURPOSE: The recommendation issued by the American Academy of Pediatrics in the early 1990s to position infants on their back during sleep to prevent sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has dramatically reduced the number of deaths due to SIDS but has also markedly increased the prevalence of positional skull deformation in infants. Deformation of the base of the skull occurs predominantly in very severe deformational plagiocephaly and is accompanied by facial asymmetry, as well as an altered ear position, called ear shift...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210002/tolerance-of-the-eriophyid-mite-aceria-salsolae-to-uv-a-light-and-implications-for-biological-control-of-russian-thistle
#5
Patrick J Moran, M Irene Wibawa, Lincoln Smith
Aceria salsolae (Acari: Eriophyidae) is being evaluated as a candidate biological control agent of Russian thistle (Salsola tragus, Chenopodiaceae), a major invasive weed of rangelands and dryland crops in the western USA. Prior laboratory host range testing under artificial lighting indicated reproduction on non-native Bassia hyssopifolia and on a native plant, Suaeda calceoliformis. However, in field tests in the native range, mite populations released on these 'nontarget' plants remained low. We hypothesized that UV-A light, which can affect behavior of tetranychid mites, would affect populations of the eriophyid A...
December 5, 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205954/mechanisms-underpinning-sympathetic-nervous-activity-and-its-modulation-using-transcutaneous-vagus-nerve-stimulation
#6
Susan A Deuchars, Varinder K Lall, Jennifer Clancy, Mohd Mahadi, Aaron Murray, Lucy Peers, Jim Deuchars
What is the topic of this review? This review briefly considers what modulates sympathetic nerve activity and how it may change as we age or in pathological conditions. It then focuses on transcutaneous vagus nerve stimulation, a method of neuromodulation in autonomic cardiovascular control. What advances does it highlight? The review considers the pathways involved in eliciting the changes in autonomic balance seen with transcutaneous vagus nerve stimulation in relationship to other neuromodulatory techniques...
November 11, 2017: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067632/a-national-trial-on-differences-in-cerebral-perfusion-pressure-values-by-measurement-location
#7
Molly M McNett, Mary Kay Bader, Sarah Livesay, Susan Yeager, Cristina Moran, Arianna Barnes, Kimberly R Harrison, DaiWai M Olson
BACKGROUND: Cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) is a key parameter in management of brain injury with suspected impaired cerebral autoregulation. CPP is calculated by subtracting intracranial pressure (ICP) from mean arterial pressure (MAP). Despite consensus on importance of CPP monitoring, substantial variations exist on anatomical reference points used to measure arterial MAP when calculating CPP. This study aimed to identify differences in CPP values based on measurement location when using phlebostatic axis (PA) or tragus (Tg) as anatomical reference points...
October 24, 2017: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918071/the-masseteric-nerve-an-anatomical-study-in-thai-population-with-an-emphasis-on-its-use-in-facial-reanimation
#8
Apichai Angspatt, Chirayu Pannanusorn
BACKGROUND: The use of the masseteric nerve has been escalated as a donor nerve for facial reanimation in facial palsy patient (Wang et al., 2014; Manktelow et al., 2006; Klebuc, 2011; Bianchi et al., 2012; Zuker et al., 2000; Bae et al., 2006; Terzis, Konofaos, 2013; Terzis, Olivares, 2009; Bianchi et al., 2014). Previous studies had been done in Euro-Caucasian cadavers (Kaya et al., 2014). However, difference in anatomical details does exist between Asian and Euro-Caucasian population (Tzou et al...
September 13, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914720/effects-of-corrective-exercise-for-thoracic-hyperkyphosis-on-posture-balance-and-well-being-in-older-women-a-double-blind-group-matched-design
#9
Hyun-Jeong Jang, Lynne C Hughes, Duck-Won Oh, Suhn-Yeop Kim
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of a corrective exercise for thoracic hyperkyphosis on posture, balance, and well-being in Korean community-dwelling older women. METHODS: Fifty women 65 years of age and older, recruited from 2 senior centers, participated in this study. Participants were assigned to either the experimental group (EG) or the control group (CG) on the basis of convenience of location, and 22 in each were analyzed...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903938/atrial-fibrillation-in-acute-obstructive-sleep-apnea-autonomic-nervous-mechanism-and-modulation
#10
Lilei Yu, Xuefei Li, Bing Huang, Xiaoya Zhou, Menglong Wang, Liping Zhou, Guannan Meng, Yuhong Wang, Zhenya Wang, Jielin Deng, Hong Jiang
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms of atrial fibrillation (AF) induced by obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are not completely understood. This study investigated the roles of the intrinsic and extrinsic cardiac autonomic nervous system in OSA-induced AF and provided noninvasive autonomic nervous modulation for the suppression of OSA-induced AF by using low-level transcutaneous electrical stimulation (LL-TS) of the auricular branch of the vagus nerve at the tragus. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eighteen dogs received tracheostomy under general anesthesia and were randomly divided into 3 groups: the OSA group (OSA was simulated via clamping of the endotracheal tube at end expiration for 1...
September 13, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797427/low-level-tragus-stimulation-for-the-treatment-of-ischemia-and-reperfusion-injury-in-patients-with-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-a-proof-of-concept-study
#11
Lilei Yu, Bing Huang, Sunny S Po, Tuantuan Tan, Menglong Wang, Liping Zhou, Guannan Meng, Shenxu Yuan, Xiaoya Zhou, Xuefei Li, Zhuo Wang, Songyun Wang, Hong Jiang
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate whether low-level tragus stimulation (LL-TS) treatment could reduce myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). BACKGROUND: The authors' previous studies suggested that LL-TS could reduce the size of myocardial injury induced by ischemia. METHODS: Patients who presented with STEMI within 12 h of symptom onset, treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention, were randomized to the LL-TS group (n = 47) or the control group (with sham stimulation [n = 48])...
August 14, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780477/reliability-of-forward-head-posture-evaluation-while-sitting-standing-walking-and-running
#12
Chang-Hyung Lee, Sojeong Lee, Gwanseob Shin
Forward head posture has been evaluated mostly by visual observation or simple non-invasive measurements without a standardized evaluation method or protocol. In this experimental study, the reliability of existing forward head-posture measurement methods was evaluated by computing the intra-class correlation coefficients of three different head-position variables (two horizontal gap variables and one head-orientation variable) in seven different posture conditions from 20 asymptomatic participants. The position variables of the head were measured three times using a three-dimensional motion capture system while sitting comfortably, sitting with the back straight, standing comfortably, standing with the back straight, walking at 4 and 6km/h on a treadmill, and running at 8km/h on a treadmill...
August 3, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777683/inclinometric-measurement-of-kyphotic-curvature-description-and-clinimetric-properties
#13
Laurie Devaney, Richard Bohannon, Jon Rizzo, Maryclaire Capetta, Jeremy Vigneault, Katherine Van Deveire
BACKGROUND: Hyperkyphosis is associated with physical impairments, activity limitations, and reduced quality of life. Therefore, a simple, reliable, responsive, and valid clinical measure of dorsal kyphosis would be valuable to clinicians. OBJECTIVE: To describe a novel procedure for measuring kyphotic curvature-the inclinometric kyphosis measure (IKM)-and provide an estimation of reliability, responsiveness, and validity. METHODS: During 2 sessions spaced days apart, we used a bubble inclinometer to measure dorsal kyphosis in 68 patients receiving outpatient physical therapy...
August 4, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754256/on-the-integral-use-of-foundational-concepts-in-verifying-validity-during-skull-photo-superimposition
#14
Paul T Jayaprakash
Often cited reliability test on video superimposition method integrated scaling face-images in relation to skull-images, tragus-auditory meatus relationship in addition to exocanthion-Whitnall's tubercle relationship when orientating the skull-image and wipe mode imaging in addition to mix mode imaging when obtaining skull-face image overlay and evaluating the goodness of match. However, a report that found higher false positive matches in computer assisted superimposition method transited from the above foundational concepts and relied on images of unspecified sizes that are lesser than 'life-size', frontal plane landmarks in the skull- and face- images alone for orientating the skull-image and mix images alone for evaluating the goodness of match...
September 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719703/an-embedded-earring-backing-in-the-tragus
#15
Ta-Chin Wang, Kai-Chieh Chan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648089/evidence-of-activation-of-vagal-afferents-by-non-invasive-vagus-nerve-stimulation-an-electrophysiological-study-in-healthy-volunteers
#16
Romain Nonis, Kevin D'Ostilio, Jean Schoenen, Delphine Magis
Background Benefits of cervical non-invasive vagus nerve stimulation (nVNS) devices have been shown in episodic cluster headache and preliminarily suggested in migraine, but direct evidence of vagus nerve activation using such devices is lacking. Vagal somatosensory evoked potentials (vSEPs) associated with vagal afferent activation have been reported for invasive vagus nerve stimulation (iVNS) and non-invasive auricular vagal stimulation. Here, we aimed to show and characterise vSEPs for cervical nVNS. Methods vSEPs were recorded for 12 healthy volunteers who received nVNS over the cervical vagus nerve, bipolar electrode/DS7A stimulation over the inner tragus, and nVNS over the sternocleidomastoid (SCM) muscle...
November 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643009/patient-satisfaction-and-its-influencing-factors-of-microtia-reconstruction-using-autologous-cartilage
#17
Chunxiao Cui, Shim Yoon Hoon, Ruhong Zhang, Qun Zhang, Zhicheng Xu, Feng Xu, Datao Li, Yiyuan Li
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate patient perceptions of and satisfaction with surgical outcomes of microtia reconstruction using autologous cartilage. It also analyzes associations between patient background characteristics and their evaluation. METHODS: Lobule-type microtia patients who had received first-stage surgery were interviewed using a questionnaire, which included assessment of nine auricle substructures, superior and inferior parts and overall impression...
October 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566194/non-invasive-vagus-nerve-stimulation-acutely-improves-spontaneous-cardiac-baroreflex-sensitivity-in-healthy-young-men-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#18
Diego Antonino, André L Teixeira, Paulo M Maia-Lopes, Mayara C Souza, Jeann L Sabino-Carvalho, Aaron R Murray, Jim Deuchars, Lauro C Vianna
BACKGROUND: Despite positive outcomes of transcutaneous vagus nerve stimulation (tVNS) via the auricular branch of the vagus nerve (ABVN), the mechanisms underlying these outcomes remain unclear. Additionally, previous studies have not been controlled the possible placebo effects of tVNS. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that tVNS acutely improves spontaneous cardiac baroreflex sensitivity (cBRS) and autonomic modulation, and that these effects are specific to stimulation of ABVN...
May 19, 2017: Brain Stimulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475197/do-postural-changes-affect-balance-in-patients-with-ankylosing-spondylitis
#19
Elif Balevi Batur, Gülçin Kaymak Karataş
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect on balance control of postural changes related to ankylosing spondylitis. DESIGN: Thirty-four subjects with ankylosing spondylitis and 34 healthy individuals were enrolled. Examination of postural alignment was conducted using lumbar Schober, hand to ground distance, tragus to wall distance and occiput to wall distance measurements, and Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Metrology Index. Balance was evaluated by Berg Balance Scale, Functional Reach Test, Lateral Reach Test, and Static Balance Index...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471440/accuracy-of-the-nasal-tragus-length-measurement-for-correct-endotracheal-tube-placement-in-a-cohort-of-neonatal-resuscitation-simulators
#20
M M Gray, H Delaney, R Umoren, T P Strandjord, T Sawyer
OBJECTIVE: Nasal-tragus length (NTL) estimates of endotracheal tube (ETT) depth are replacing weight-based estimates for endotracheal tube depth in neonates requiring endotracheal intubation. Existing neonatal simulators were designed before interest in using the NTL, and may lack fidelity in this measurement. The objective of this study is to evaluate the accuracy of the adjusted NTL formula and the Neonatal Resuscitation Program (NRP) gestational age/weight-based ETT depth chart in predicting proper endotracheal tube insertion depth in a cohort of neonatal simulators...
August 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
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