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Owen M Slater, Jeanine Peters-Kennedy, Manigandan Lejeune, David Gummer, Bryan Macbeth, Amy Warren, Tomy Joseph, Hong Li, Cristina W Cunha, Pádraig J Duignan
Malignant catarrhal fever-like clinical disease was diagnosed in a free-ranging bighorn sheep ( Ovis canadensis ) from Alberta, Canada, in June 2015. Antemortem and gross pathology findings included muscle atrophy, marked weight loss, and bilaterally symmetric alopecia with hyperpigmentation and crusting over the face, medial surfaces of the pinnae, dorsal trunk, distal limbs, perineal area, and tail. Histologically, the skin lesions were characterized by granulomatous mural folliculitis with numerous multinucleated giant cells and fewer lymphocytes and eosinophils consistent with previous reports of chronic ovine herpesvirus-2 (OvHV-2) infection...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
Neeraj Kumar, Prasanna Kumar, Yashpal Singh, S K Mathur
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Sophie Richard, Véronique Eder, Gianvito Caputo, Clément Journé, Phalla Ou, Julie Bolley, Liliane Louedec, Erwann Guenin, Laurence Motte, Nicola Pinna, Yoann Lalatonne
AIM: Tunable size ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO) nanoparticles from 3 to 9 nm coated with polyethylene glycol phosphonate moieties have been designed for neovascularization MRI. MATERIALS & METHODS: USPIO were synthesized using a nonaqueous sol-gel method. An ischemia-reperfusion rat model has been chosen for neo-angiogenesis and scanned on MRI after injection of different sized USPIO. Histological studies have been performed for USPIO localization within the tissue...
October 14, 2016: Nanomedicine
Uwe Wollina, Anastasya A Chokoeva, Georgi Tchernev
Auricular pseudocysts are uncommon benign lesions of the pinna. The etiology is not well understood but repeated trauma is considered as a possible trigger. Exact diagnosis is important to avoid overtreatment with disfigurement. Various surgical approaches can be used in accordance to the stage of the lesion. Minor invasive procedures provide good results with low recurrence rates.
October 11, 2016: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
Daniela Pinna, Monica Galeotti, Adriana Rizzo, Emma Cantisani, Giorgia Sciutto, Martina Zangheri, Silvia Prati, Rocco Mazzeo, Aldo Roda
The research complements the complex study carried out to understand the source of brown discolourations of ten marble statues in the Church of Orsanmichele in Florence, Italy. Originally located in exterior niches, the statues were restored to reverse the extensive alterations they had undergone throughout the centuries. One of the major alterations was the application of a dark brown patina that dated just after 1789. After the statues were placed indoors, brownish discolourations started to appear on their surfaces...
October 8, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Andrea Lauterio, Stefano Di Sandro, Salvatore Gruttadauria, Marco Spada, Fabrizio Di Benedetto, Umberto Baccarani, Enrico Regalia, Ernesto Melada, Alessandro Giacomoni, Matteo Cescon, Davide Cintorino, Giorgio Ercolani, Matteo Rota, Giorgio Rossi, Vincenzo Mazzaferro, Andrea Risaliti, Antonio Daniele Pinna, Bruno Gridelli, Luciano De Carlis
BACKGROUND: Major concerns about donor morbidity and mortality still limit the use of living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) to overcome the organ shortage. METHODS: The present study assessed donor safety in LDTL in Italy reporting donor postoperative outcomes in 246 living donation procedures performed by seven transplant centers. Outcomes were evaluated over two time periods using the validated Clavien 5-tier grading system, and several clinical variables were analyzed to determine the risk factors for donor morbidity...
October 6, 2016: Liver Transplantation
Xiaoming Wan, Mei Lei, Tongbin Chen, Jie Ma
Arsenic (As) contamination and its harmful consequences have gained increasing attention in research. Phytoextraction, which uses the As hyperaccumulator Pteris vittata L., is a well-established technology adopted in many countries. However, the hyperaccumulation mechanisms of this plant remain controversial. This study investigated the species and the micro-distribution of As species in three P. vittata L. ecotypes after exposure to arsenite (AsIII) and arsenate (AsV) for 7d. Arsenic-accumulating abilities and preferences to As species varied among different ecotypes...
January 2017: Chemosphere
Ernesto Campos
New bivalve host records for four pinnotherid crabs of the Mexican Pacific are reported: Fabia subquadrata Dana, 1851, in Modiolus capax (Conrad, 1837); Opisthopus transversus Rathbun, 1893, in Tivela stultorum (Mawe, 1823); Pinnaxodes gigas (Green, 1992), in Pinna rugosa (Sowerby, 1835), and Panopea generosa Gould, 1850; and Tumidotheres margarita (Smith, 1870), in Nodipecten subnodosus (Sowerby, 1835). The southernmost distribution of F. subquadrata is extended to about 600 km along the west coast of the Baja California Peninsula; the distribution of P...
September 23, 2016: Zootaxa
Thomas L P Couvreur, Raoul Niangadouma
Monts de Cristal National Park in northwest Gabon is one of the most species rich places in Central Africa. Here, we describe two new species, one in Annonaceae and one in palms. Uvariopsis citrata Couvreur & Niangadouma, sp. nov. is unique in the genus by emitting a strong lemon scent from the crushed leaves and young branches. Laccosperma cristalensis Couvreur & Niangadouma, sp. nov. is a rattan that lacks acanthophylls on the cirrus and has few pinnae. Complete descriptions, photographic illustrations, ecological information and preliminary IUCN conservation status are provided...
2016: PhytoKeys
Antonio Pinna, Maria Laura Cossu, Panagiotis Paliogiannis, Giorgio Carlo Ginesu, Alessandro Fancellu, Alberto Porcu
AIM: The aim of this case series is to describe the pathophysiological, clinical, and radiological features of Spigelian hernias, and to describe their modern surgical management. MATERIAL OF STUDY: We describe the clinical management of four cases of Spigelian hernias, and we discuss the main issues and controversies in the current scientific literature. RESULTS: In all the cases the clinical suspect arouses during the clinical examination of the patients, and it was confirmed through imaging techniques...
2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
Elisabetta Loggi, Fabio Conti, Alessandro Cucchetti, Giorgio Ercolani, Antonio Daniele Pinna, Pietro Andreone
The scarcity of available organs and the gap between supply and demand continue to be the main limitations of liver transplantation. To relieve the organ shortage, current transplant strategies have implemented extended criteria, which include the use of liver from patients with signs of past or present hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. While the use of liver grafts from donors with evidence of past HBV infection is quite limited, some data have been collected regarding the feasibility of transplanting a liver graft from a hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) positive donor...
September 21, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Francesco Boscia, Ermete Giancipoli, Giuseppe D'Amico-Ricci, Antonio Pinna
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this study was to describe all the treatment modalities used to prevent and manage macular oedema in diabetic patients undergoing cataract surgery. RECENT FINDINGS: Topical NSAIDs have been proposed to be an effective strategy to prevent postsurgical macular oedema (PME) in diabetic patients. The prophylactic use of intravitreal antivascular endothelial growth factors (anti-VEGF) drugs and steroids in these patients, even if effective, brings some concerns with regard to possible side effects...
September 21, 2016: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
M P De Carolis, G Pinna, C Cocca, S A Rubortone, C Romagnoli, I Bersani, S Salvi, A Lanzone, S De Carolis
BACKGROUND: Infants born at 34 to 36 weeks of gestation (late preterm) are at greater risk for adverse outcomes than those born at 37 weeks of gestation or later. Aim of this paper is to examine risk factors for late preterm births and to investigate the complications of the transition period in late preterm infants (LPIs). METHODS: All consecutive late preterm deliveries, excluded stillbirths, were included. Maternal and neonatal data, need for delivery room resuscitative procedures, temperature at birth (T1) and two hours after the admission (T2) were analyzed in all LPIs stratified by Gestational Age (GA) and divided into three groups (34, 35 and 36 weeks)...
2016: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
P Rocca, S Galderisi, A Rossi, A Bertolino, P Rucci, D Gibertoni, C Montemagni, M Sigaudo, A Mucci, P Bucci, T Acciavatti, E Aguglia, M Amore, A Bellomo, D De Ronchi, L Dell'Osso, F Di Fabio, P Girardi, A Goracci, C Marchesi, P Monteleone, C Niolu, F Pinna, R Roncone, E Sacchetti, P Santonastaso, P Zeppegno, M Maj
BACKGROUND: The study aimed to subtype patients with schizophrenia on the basis of social cognition (SC), and to identify cut-offs that best discriminate among subtypes in 809 out-patients recruited in the context of the Italian Network for Research on Psychoses. METHOD: A two-step cluster analysis of The Awareness of Social Inference Test (TASIT), the Facial Emotion Identification Test and Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test scores was performed. Classification and regression tree analysis was used to identify the cut-offs of variables that best discriminated among clusters...
October 2016: Psychological Medicine
Antonio Perez-Aytes, Purificacion Marin-Reina, Virginia Boso, Ana Ledo, John C Carey, Maximo Vento
Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) is probably the most common employed immunosuppressant drug in recipients of solid organ transplant and in many autoimmune diseases. In vitro studies, a significant number of single clinical observations and a recent study from a group of different European teratogen information services, have provided very consistent data supporting the existence of a specific MMF embryopathy. The typical malformative pattern of MMF embryopathy includes external ear anomalies ranging from hypoplastic pinna (microtia) to complete absence of pinna (anotia); cleft lip, with or without cleft palate, and ocular anomalies as iris or chorioretinal coloboma and anophthalmia/microphthalmia...
September 14, 2016: European Journal of Medical Genetics
Giovanni Martinotti, Matteo Lupi, Leonardo Carlucci, Rita Santacroce, Eduardo Cinosi, Tiziano Acciavatti, Fabiola Sarchione, Valeria Verrastro, Pierluigi Diotaiuti, Irene Petruccelli, Silvia Ferrari, Maria G Nanni, Federica Pinna, Umberto Volpe, Aristide Saggino, Luigi Janiri, Lorenzo Leggio, Massimo Di Giannantonio
Binge drinking represents a major clinical and public health concern. Here, we investigated the prevalence of binge drinking and its related consequences, in a population of young adults. A questionnaire was administered to a sample of 4275 healthy subjects. In the overall sample, the percentage of binge drinkers was 67.6 per cent; among regular alcohol users, 79.5 per cent reported episodes of binge drinking. Among binge drinkers, several serious consequences were identified (staggering and stuttering, amnesia, loss of control, aggressiveness, sexual disinhibition)...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Antonio Dore, Battistina Asproni, Alessia Scampuddu, Stefania Gessi, Gabriele Murineddu, Elena Cichero, Paola Fossa, Stefania Merighi, Serena Bencivenni, Gérard A Pinna
Pyrazolo[5,1-f][1,6]naphthyridine-carboxamide derivatives were synthesized and evaluated for the affinity at CB1 and CB2 receptors. Based on the AgOTf and proline-cocatalyzed multicomponent methodology, the ethyl 5-(p-tolyl)pyrazolo[5,1-f][1,6]naphthyridine-2-carboxylate (12) and ethyl 5-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)pyrazolo[5,1-f][1,6]naphthyridine-2-carboxylate (13) intermediates were synthesized from the appropriate o-alkynylaldehydes, p-toluenesulfonyl hydrazide and ethyl pyruvate. Most of the novel compounds feature a p-tolyl (8a-i) or a 2,4-dichlorophenyl (8j) motif at the C5-position of the tricyclic pyrazolo[5,1-f][1,6]naphthyridine scaffold...
November 1, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Alison E Mather, Becki Lawson, Elizabeth de Pinna, Paul Wigley, Julian Parkhill, Nicholas R Thomson, Andrew J Page, Mark A Holmes, Gavin K Paterson
: Passerine salmonellosis is a well-recognised disease of birds in the order Passeriformes, including common songbirds such as finches and sparrows, caused by infection with Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium. Previous research has suggested that some subtypes of S. Typhimurium - definitive phage types (DT) 40, 56 variant, and 160 - are host-adapted to passerines, and that these birds may represent a reservoir of infection for humans and other animals. Here, we have used whole genome sequences of 11 isolates from British passerines, five isolates of similar DTs from humans and a domestic cat, and previously published S...
September 9, 2016: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
A M O'Connor, C Yuan, J N Cullen, J F Coetzee, N da Silva, C Wang
Bovine respiratory disease is the most economically important disease of feedlot cattle in North America. Choice of antibiotic is a critical factor for producers and veterinarians. We previously published a mixed-treatment comparison meta-analysis that combined evidence from published trials and published estimates of comparative efficacy for 12 antibiotics registered for use in the USA. Some of the comparative efficacy estimates were based only on indirect evidence. Since the original review was published, new studies that provide direct evidence of comparative efficacy have been published...
September 15, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
Stefanie Riemer, Luciana Assis, Thomas W Pike, Daniel S Mills
Infrared thermography can visualize changes in body surface temperature that result from stress-induced physiological changes and alterations of blood flow patterns. Here we explored its use for remote stress monitoring (i.e. removing need for human presence) in a sample of six pet dogs. Dogs were tested in a brief separation test involving contact with their owner, a stranger, and social isolation for two one-minute-periods. Tests were filmed using a thermographic camera set up in a corner of the room, around 7m from where the subjects spent most of the time...
September 5, 2016: Physiology & Behavior
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