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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913301/in-vivo-and-in-vitro-anti-inflammatory-effects-of-sophora-flavescens-residues
#1
Hongyan Ma, Qi Huang, Wenshan Qu, Linyuan Li, Min Wang, Shao Li, Fujiang Chu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The dried roots of Sophora flavescens Ait. (Leguminosae) is traditionally used as antipyretic medicine to reduce inflammation. It is well known that alkaloids and flavonoids are the main constituents of S. flavescens. However, the clinical researches and applications of S. flavescens is mainly based on its water-extracted alkaloids, its flavonoids may still remain in residues and have been underused. With development and manufacturing of S. flavescens in recent years, more herb residues are being produced...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902900/-preliminary-study-on-two-analytical-methods-for-evaluation-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-syndromes-model-in-rats-with-blood-stasis-due-to-sleep-deprivation
#2
Ting-Ting Hao, Hao Guo, Jian-Xun Liu, Jin-Cheng Chen, Jian-Xun Ren, Cheng-Ren Lin, Jun-Guo Ren
The comparison on evaluating blood stasis syndrome in sleep deprived rats was carried out by using R, G, B image analysis of Tongue and palm as well as auricle, palm surface laser Doppler flow perfusion. The experiment was performed by means of a small platform on the water environment for sleep deprivation. The rats were weekly weighed at fixed time, and their macroscopic signs were observed; and their tongue and palm images of the control and model group were respectively collected by the SLR camera at the 2nd, 4th and 6th week...
May 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895211/a-case-of-a-patient-with-severe-renal-failure-on-hemodialysis-treated-with-vismodegib-for-relapsing-basal-cell-carcinoma
#3
Andrea Sbrana, Andrea Antonuzzo, Luca Galli, Elisa Biasco, Gianna Musettini, Federico Paolieri, Sergio Ricci
INTRODUCTION: Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common skin cancer. Treatment options for metastatic or locally advanced BCC inappropriate for surgery or radiotherapy were poor until vismodegib was approved for use in this setting. This drug can be safely used in patients with mild to moderate renal impairment, but limited data are available for its use in case of severe kidney failure. We present the case of a patient with severe renal failure on hemodialysis treated with vismodegib...
June 1, 2018: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873914/surgical-management-of-skin-cancer-and-trauma-involving-the-middle-third-of-the-auricle
#4
REVIEW
Diana Crisan, Lars Alexander Schneider, Sabine Kastler, Karin Scharffetter-Kochanek, Maria Crisan, Johannes Alexander Veit
The main causes of acquired auricular defects are surgical treatment of skin tumors and trauma. Due to the complex anatomy of the external ear, surgical reconstruction of defects in this area is challenging for surgeons, especially in case of midhelix-antihelix involvement with significant loss of soft tissue and cartilage. Our purpose is to illustrate the main reconstructive techniques of large midhelix and antihelix defects, as well as the advantages or disadvantages associated with each surgical procedure...
June 2018: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870510/new-strategies-for-remnant-ear-treatment-in-lobule-type-microtia-reconstruction
#5
Zhicheng Xu, Ruhong Zhang, Qun Zhang, Feng Xu, Datao Li, Yiyuan Li
BACKGROUND: Numerous modifications have been successfully applied in microtia reconstruction over the past several decades, and lobular transposition has become a routine technique in a two-stage operation. However, it is still a demanding challenge to manipulate the remnant ear with various quantities or positions in lobule-type microtia. The authors demonstrate the relevant details of treating remnant tissue in different conditions. METHODS: A total of 390 lobule-type microtia patients underwent autogenous costal cartilage auricular reconstruction between 2010 and 2015...
May 19, 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29851135/a-small-nodule-on-the-auricle
#6
R Kimura, K Sugita, H Goto, O Yamamoto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 30, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850642/radiation-effects-of-mobile-phones-and-tablets-on-the-skin-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
A Keykhosravi, M Neamatshahi, R Mahmoodi, E Navipour
Background: Skin health has become a worldwide concern. Most of the studies investigated the effect of mobile phone radiation on DNA and animals, but a few studies were carried out about skin diseases in mobile phone and tablet users. Few systematic studies have examined the relationship between mobile phone exposure and skin diseases. Methods: We evaluated the association between mobile phones and tablets and skin diseases. We checked databases including PubMed, Scopus, Springer, Cochrane, and Google Scholar from 1995 to 2013...
2018: Advances in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29846729/oral-administration-of-bisphenol-a-directly-exacerbates-allergic-airway-inflammation-but-not-allergic-skin-inflammation-in-mice
#8
Risako Tajiki-Nishino, Emi Makino, Yuko Watanabe, Hitoshi Tajima, Makoto Ishimota, Tomoki Fukuyama
Bisphenol A (BPA) is used in various areas of daily life as a major component of plastic products. However, it is also known as a strong endocrine disruptor that affects the human immune system. Studies have indicated that BPA possibly exacerbates allergic diseases such as atopic dermatitis and asthma. The main aim of this study was to elucidate whether BPA is directly involved in the exacerbation of allergic inflammation. Initially, in vivo experiments with mouse models of allergic inflammation induced by Th2 type hapten toluene-2,4-diisocyanate (TDI) was performed...
May 28, 2018: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29802904/typhae-pollen-polysaccharides-ameliorate-diabetic-retinal-injury-in-a-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rat-model
#9
Xiaoqin Lei, Yunyun Zhou, Cuicui Ren, Xi Chen, Rongguo Shang, Jianyu He, Jianwei Dou
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: According to ancient traditional Chinese medicine, Typhae Pollen (TP) is commonly used to treat fundus haemorrhage because it improves blood circulation. AIMS OF THE STUDY: This study evaluated the role of the main TP component, polysaccharides (TPP), on diabetic retinopathy (DR) and its possible mechanisms of inhibiting inflammation and improving blood circulation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After successful establishment of a diabetic rat model, TPP was administered to diabetic rats for treatment, and the rats were sacrificed at 12 weeks...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29802614/application-of-blueberry-anthocyanins-reduces-perfluorooctane-sulfonate-toxicity-on-planarians-dugesia-japonica-in-locomotion-regeneration-and-gene-expression-and-contents
#10
Baoying Zhao, Xinxin Shao, Bosheng Zhao, Zuoqing Yuan, Jianyong Zhang
Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) which has been distributed worldwide is a persistent organic contaminant. Blueberry anthocyanins (ANT) are phytonutrients with antioxidant activities. The influence of different PFOS and ANT concentrations on the behavioral activities, regeneration of planarians (Dugesia japonica), and the expression levels and contents of Djnad6 and Djcox1 genes has been investigated. PFOS treatments affected the gene expression levels, induced a decrease in the planarians' locomotor velocity, and increased the time required for the regeneration of the transverse amputated fragments in a time- and dose-dependent manner...
May 25, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29798575/-application-progress-of-digital-technology-in-auricle-reconstruction
#11
REVIEW
Zhaoyang Chen, Chuncai Luo, Xiao Shang, Yan Han
Objective: To review the application progress of digital technology in auricle reconstruction. Methods: The recently published literature concerning the application of digital technology in auricle reconstruction was extensively consulted, the main technology and its specific application areas were reviewed. Results: Application of digital technology represented by three-dimensional (3D) data acquisition, 3D reconstruction, and 3D printing is an important developing trend of auricle reconstruction...
September 1, 2017: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29798150/-curative-effect-observation-of-methylprednisolone-combined-with-continuous-negative-pressure-drainage-in-the-treatment-of-pseudocyst-of-auricle
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775000/-the-treatment-efficiency-of-a-new-ear-moding-device-in-the-infants-with-congenital-ear-abnormalities
#13
P W Chen, J Li, S Q Zhao, J S Yang, J M Dou, C Y Wei
Objective: To observe the nonsurgical treatment effciency of a new ear moding device on congenital auricle deformities in order to promote clinical application. Method: Twenty-nine patients (38 ears) from Beijing Tongren Hospital Outpatient received ear molding treatment using the EarWell Infant Ear Correction System. We keep regular follow-up and close observation during the moding period. The treatment effciency was judged by the otologist, plastic surgeons and parents based on the preprocedure and postprocedure photographs and divided into 3 grades: excellent, good and poor...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747258/-the-auricle-arteriovenous-vascular-malformation-one-case-report
#14
J Y Zhang, W Y Wang, Q Q Zhang, H N Jiang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 7, 2018: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743810/auricular-cartilage-regeneration-with-adipose-derived-stem-cells-in-rabbits
#15
Se-Joon Oh, Hee-Young Park, Kyung-Un Choi, Sung-Won Choi, Sung-Dong Kim, Soo-Keun Kong, Kyu-Sup Cho
Tissue engineering cell-based therapy using induced pluripotent stem cells and adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) may be promising tools for therapeutic applications in tissue engineering because of their abundance, relatively easy harvesting, and high proliferation potential. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether ASCs can promote the auricular cartilage regeneration in the rabbit. In order to assess their differentiation ability, ASCs were injected into the midportion of a surgically created auricular cartilage defect in the rabbit...
2018: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736776/3d-fiber-deposited-polymeric-scaffolds-for-external-auditory-canal-wall
#16
Carlos Mota, Mario Milazzo, Daniele Panetta, Luisa Trombi, Vera Gramigna, Piero A Salvadori, Stefano Giannotti, Luca Bruschini, Cesare Stefanini, Lorenzo Moroni, Stefano Berrettini, Serena Danti
The external auditory canal (EAC) is an osseocartilaginous structure extending from the auricle to the eardrum, which can be affected by congenital, inflammatory, and neoplastic diseases, thus reconstructive materials are needed. Current biomaterial-based approaches for the surgical reconstruction of EAC posterior wall still suffer from resorption (biological) and extrusion (synthetic). In this study, 3D fiber deposited scaffolds based on poly(ethylene oxide terephthalate)/poly(butylene terephthalate) were designed and fabricated to replace the EAC wall...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731941/an-anthropometric-study-of-cranio-facial-measurements-and-their-correlation-with-vertical-dimension-of-occlusion-among-saudi-arabian-subpopulations
#17
REVIEW
Muhammed Irfan Majeed, Satheesh B Haralur, Muhammed Farhan Khan, Maram Awdah Al Ahmari, Nourah Falah Al Shahrani, Sharaz Shaik
BACKGROUND: Determining and restoring physiological vertical dimension of occlusion (VDO) is the critical step during complete mouth rehabilitation. The improper VDO compromises the aesthetics, phonetics and functional efficiency of the prosthesis. Various methods are suggested to determine the accurate VDO, including the facial measurements in the clinical situations with no pre-extraction records. The generalisation of correlation between the facial measurements to VDO is criticised due to gender dimorphism and racial differences...
April 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718019/deepithelialized-flaps-and-grafts-applications-in-dermatologic-surgery
#18
Julie A Croley, C Helen Malone, Richard F Wagner
Deepithelialized flaps and grafts have been widely used by reconstructive surgeons in a diverse array of surgical specialties and have more recently made an appearance in dermatologic surgery. These techniques may be advantageous in their enabling of contour preservation of deep defects, reconstructions in areas of high mechanical tension, single-stage repairs, auricle reconstruction requiring tissue transfer, and reconstruction requiring free margins in areas with a paucity of local soft tissue. This article provides a review of the literature on deepithelialized flaps and grafts...
March 2018: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703055/treatment-of-ramsay-hunt-s-syndrome-with-multiple-cranial-nerve-involvement-and-severe-dysphagia-a-case-report
#19
Jong Min Kim, Zeeihn Lee, Seungwoo Han, Donghwi Park
RATIONALE: Ramsay-Hunt's syndrome (RHS) is a disorder characterized by facial paralysis, herpetic eruptions on the auricle, and otic pain due to the reactivation of latent varicella zoster virus in the geniculate ganglion. A few cases of multiple cranial nerve invasion including the vestibulocochlear nerve, glossopharyngeal nerve and vagus nerve have been reported. However, there has been no report about RHS with delayed onset multiple cranial nerve involvement causing severe aspiration, and a clinical course that improved after more than one year of dysphagia rehabilitation and percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG)...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697648/-the-interdisciplinary-approach-to-the-rehabilitation-of-the-patients-presenting-with-congenital-atresia-of-the-external-auditory-canal-and-the-concomitant-microtia
#20
Kh M Diab, D N Nazaryan, N A Daikhes, A E Kharazyan, D S Kondratchikov, S V Yarantsev, O A Pashchinina, M M Cherninkiy
The objective of the present study was to develop and introduce into the clinical practice the method for the combined aesthetic and functional rehabilitation of the patients presenting with congenital atresia of the external auditory canal (CAEAC) and the concomitant microtia. A total of 8 patients at the age from 6 to 21 years with unilateral CAEAC and microtia were given the surgical treatment. During the intervention, atresia was resolved using the trans-mastoid approach, tympanoplasty of autofasciae and ossiculoplasty making use of the partial titanium prosthesis and the placement of cranial osteointegratable titanium implants...
2018: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
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