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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438303/relation-of-the-bilateral-earlobe-crease-to-endothelial-dysfunction
#1
Nozomu Oda, Tatsuya Maruhashi, Shinji Kishimoto, Masato Kajikawa, Yumiko Iwamoto, Akimichi Iwamoto, Shogo Matsui, Takayuki Hidaka, Yasuki Kihara, Kazuaki Chayama, Chikara Goto, Yoshiki Aibara, Ayumu Nakashima, Kensuke Noma, Harutoyo Hirano, Yukihito Higashi
The presence of an earlobe crease (ELC) may be a simple sign to predict atherosclerosis. We evaluated the relation between ELC and vascular function. We measured flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD) and nitroglycerine-induced vasodilation (NID) and observed bilateral earlobes in 400 consecutive subjects. At first, the subjects were divided into 3 groups: non-ELC group, unilateral ELC group, and bilateral ELC group. FMD and NID were significantly lower in the unilateral and bilateral ELC groups than those in the non-ELC group...
March 29, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416164/morphological-variability-of-the-earlobe-in-a-spanish-population-sample
#2
O Rubio, V Galera, M C Alonso
This article shows the morphological variability of the earlobe in a Spanish population of European origin. The frequencies of four lobe characteristics (attachment, contour, modeling, and size) and their degree of expression were studied. The relationship among the characteristics and the differences involving sex and laterality were also considered. The least frequent morphology, and of main use in solving forensic cases, was the very small size with triangle-pulled contour into the skin and crossed-discontinuous modeling...
March 29, 2017: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385569/-earlobe-reconstruction-in-one-step-by-the-gavello-s-procedure-surgical-technique-and-a-case-report
#3
M Atlan, Q Qassemyar, C Lkah
The earlobe because of its anatomical position is subject of defects secondary to multiple and varied etiologies. Although its functional role appears negligible, its aesthetic and social importance makes its reconstruction a delicate surgery because it must be discreet but also the simplest possible. Many methods have been described but some require several operating times. The aim of this article is to present a simple procedure with a bilobed flap based on a reliable vascularization and which requires only one operative time...
April 3, 2017: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346638/repair-of-the-dilated-earlobe
#4
Akshay Sanan, Ryan Heffelfinger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343784/a-modified-intraoral-and-extraoral-approach-osteotomy-for-the-prominent-mandibular-angle
#5
Rui Lei, Yang Wang, Shengquan Xu, Fuliang Hong, Mingyuan Xu, Liyuan Wei, Jinghong Xu
BACKGROUND: A prominent mandibular angle (PMA) is a relatively common condition in Asians, and surgeons typically use the intraoral approach to treat it. However, the approach can have many drawbacks due to the limited operative field and view. The procedures of osteotomy are not easily manipulated, and an exact resection is difficult. In addition, some major complications can easily occur. This article presents a modified osteotomy method for the PMA that avoids these disadvantages and makes the procedure easier to execute...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331775/diagonal-earlobe-crease-as-a-significant-marker-for-coronary-artery-disease-a-case-control-study
#6
Rida Kamal, Komal Kausar, Ahmed H Qavi, Moeed H Minto, Fariha Ilyas, Salman Assad, Saeed U Shah
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between diagonal earlobe crease (DELC) and coronary artery disease (CAD). Limited data exists in South Asia and no prior studies have been performed in Pakistan to assess this relationship. METHODS: In this case-control study, 200 participants from December 2015 to March 2016 at Shifa International Hospital, Islamabad, Pakistan were enrolled. Consecutive non-probability sampling was used to recruit patients. Cases were enrolled from cardiac care unit (CCU) of the hospital with angiography-proven CAD...
February 5, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284502/palaeopathology-of-the-earlobe-crease-frank-s-sign-new-insights-from-renaissance-art
#7
Francesco M Galassi, Claudio Borghi, Roberta Ballestriero, Michael E Habicht, Maciej Henneberg, Frank J Rühli
Several studies have associated the earlobe crease sign, discovered by Sanders T. Frank in 1973, with cardiovascular pathology, yet very few studies have focused on the antiquity of this trait, with the most ancient one thought to date back to the Roman Emperor Hadrian (76-138CE). This article presents two more cases from the Italian Renaissance in the works of the artist Andrea Mantegna (1431-1506) and examines them in a multidisciplinary fashion.
February 27, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269732/a-novel-approach-for-chewing-detection-based-on-a-wearable-ppg-sensor
#8
Vasileios Papapanagiotou, Christos Diou, Lingchuan Zhou, Janet van den Boer, Monica Mars, Anastasios Delopoulos
Monitoring of human eating behaviour has been attracting interest over the last few years, as a means to a healthy lifestyle, but also due to its association with serious health conditions, such as eating disorders and obesity. Use of self-reports and other non-automated means of monitoring have been found to be unreliable, compared to the use of wearable sensors. Various modalities have been reported, such as acoustic signal from ear-worn microphones, or signal from wearable strain sensors. In this work, we introduce a new sensor for the task of chewing detection, based on a novel photoplethysmography (PPG) sensor placed on the outer earlobe to perform the task...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268802/development-of-an-earlobe-crease-identification-system-to-support-diagnosis-of-arteriosclerosis
#9
Harutoyo Hirano, Ryosuke Katsumata, Masato Futagawa, Toshio Tsuji, Shinji Kishimoto, Nozomu Oda, Masato Kajikawa, Tatsuya Maruhashi, Yukihito Higashi
It is well known that an earlobe crease (ELC) is related with cardiovascular disease. However evaluation of ELC has been carried out subjectively. We propose a novel system for objective and quantitative evaluation of ELC characteristics. The outline of earlobe was detected using the Canny edge detector. The number of ELCs and the ratio of the ELC length for the lobule from photographs of bilateral earlobes were calculated from the extracted outline of earlobes. Our system's validity for ELCs detection was compared with doctors' diagnosis using sensitivity and specificity analysis...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263197/repair-of-a-multisubunit-defect-of-the-earlobe-preauricular-skin-and-superolateral-neck
#10
Michael W Pelster, Melanie A Clark, Simon Yoo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227996/a-novel-approach-for-chewing-detection-based-on-a-wearable-ppg-sensor
#11
Vasileios Papapanagiotou, Christos Diou, Lingchuan Zhou, Janet van den Boer, Monica Mars, Anastasios Delopoulos, Vasileios Papapanagiotou, Christos Diou, Lingchuan Zhou, Janet van den Boer, Monica Mars, Anastasios Delopoulos, Janet van den Boer, Vasileios Papapanagiotou, Lingchuan Zhou, Anastasios Delopoulos, Monica Mars, Christos Diou
Monitoring of human eating behaviour has been attracting interest over the last few years, as a means to a healthy lifestyle, but also due to its association with serious health conditions, such as eating disorders and obesity. Use of self-reports and other non-automated means of monitoring have been found to be unreliable, compared to the use of wearable sensors. Various modalities have been reported, such as acoustic signal from ear-worn microphones, or signal from wearable strain sensors. In this work, we introduce a new sensor for the task of chewing detection, based on a novel photoplethysmography (PPG) sensor placed on the outer earlobe to perform the task...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226997/development-of-an-earlobe-crease-identification-system-to-support-diagnosis-of-arteriosclerosis
#12
Harutoyo Hirano, Ryosuke Katsumata, Masato Futagawa, Toshio Tsuji, Shinji Kishimoto, Nozomu Oda, Masato Kajikawa, Tatsuya Maruhashi, Yukihito Higashi, Harutoyo Hirano, Ryosuke Katsumata, Masato Futagawa, Toshio Tsuji, Shinji Kishimoto, Nozomu Oda, Masato Kajikawa, Tatsuya Maruhashi, Yukihito Higashi, Tatsuya Maruhashi, Toshio Tsuji, Shinji Kishimoto, Masato Kajikawa, Ryosuke Katsumata, Yukihito Higashi, Masato Futagawa, Harutoyo Hirano, Nozomu Oda
It is well known that an earlobe crease (ELC) is related with cardiovascular disease. However evaluation of ELC has been carried out subjectively. We propose a novel system for objective and quantitative evaluation of ELC characteristics. The outline of earlobe was detected using the Canny edge detector. The number of ELCs and the ratio of the ELC length for the lobule from photographs of bilateral earlobes were calculated from the extracted outline of earlobes. Our system's validity for ELCs detection was compared with doctors' diagnosis using sensitivity and specificity analysis...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207936/th17-cells-and-neutrophils-close-collaborators-in-chronic-leishmania-mexicana-infections-leading-to-disease-severity
#13
Claudia Patricia Pedraza-Zamora, José Delgado-Domínguez, Jaime Zamora-Chimal, Ingeborg Becker
Cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania mexicana is associated with an important inflammatory response. We here analyzed the kinetics of Th17 cells and neutrophils in earlobe lesions caused by Leishmania mexicana throughout 90 days of disease progresion in susceptible BALB/c and semi-resistant C57BL/6 mice infected with 1x10(5) Leishmania mexicana promastigotes. Cells in the lesions were extracted and quantified by flow cytometry, whereas their distribution in the tissues in relation to the parasites was analyzed by immunohistochemistry...
February 16, 2017: Parasite Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163460/diode-laser-ear-piercing-a-novel-technique
#14
Bibilash Babu Suseela, Preethitha Babu, Ravi Kumar Chittoria, Devi Prasad Mohapatra
Earlobe piercing is a common office room procedure done by a plastic surgeon. Various methods of ear piercing have been described. In this article, we describe a novel method of laser ear piercing using the diode laser. An 18-year-old female patient underwent an ear piercing using a diode laser with a power of 2.0 W in continuous mode after topical local anaesthetic and pre-cooling. The diode laser was fast, safe, easy to use and highly effective way of ear piercing. The advantages we noticed while using the diode laser over conventional methods were more precision, minimal trauma with less chances of hypertrophy and keloids, no bleeding with coagulation effect of laser, less time taken compared to conventional method and less chance of infection due to thermal heat effect of laser...
October 2016: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160055/earlobe-reduction-with-minimally-visible-scars-the-sub-antitragal-groove-technique
#15
Lennert Van Putte, Steven D M Colpaert
BACKGROUND: Ptosis of the earlobe is a common consequence of ageing, defined as an unappealingly large free caudal segment of over 5 mm. It is therefore important to consider reduction as a complement to rhytidectomy in selected patients. Moreover, facelifting operations can result in disproportionate or poorly positioned earlobes. Current earlobe-reducing techniques can leave a scar on the free lateral edge causing notching or involve complex pattern excisions with limited resection capability and the risk of deformities...
February 3, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126049/molecular-epidemiological-survey-of-treponema-pallidum-in-pregnant-women-in-the-zhabei-district-of-shanghai
#16
Yingying Lu, Qi Wu, Li Wang, Lingting Ji
 Objectives: To evaluate the epidemiological characteristics of syphilis, such as incidence, vertical transmission, and genotypes, in pregnant women in the Zhabei District of Shanghai. In addition, the changes in genotypes and the efficiency of genotyping was evaluated. METHODS: We screened 3,022 pregnant women for syphilis in the Shanghai Zhabei Central Hospital; Whole blood , plasma, earlobe blood, and specimens from genital ulcers or skin/mucosal lesions were collected from syphilis positive patients...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102549/enhancing-capillary-blood-collection-the-influence-of-nicotinic-acid-and-nonivamide
#17
Christian Moro, Jessica Bass, Anna Mae Scott, Elisa F D Canetti
BACKGROUND: Nicotinic acid and nonivamide are often applied topically during capillary blood collection to induce vasodilation. These molecules may have an influence on immune effector cell activity in nearby tissues. This study investigates whether the induction of flushing by nicotinic acid and nonivamide causes an inflammatory response that influences the composition of immune cells present in a capillary blood sample. METHODS: Females aged between 18 and 30 years old provided capillary blood samples...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043881/simultaneously-evoked-auditory-potentials-seap-a-new-method-for-concurrent-measurement-of-cortical-and-subcortical-auditory-evoked-activity
#18
Christopher Slugocki, Daniel Bosnyak, Laurel J Trainor
Recent electrophysiological work has evinced a capacity for plasticity in subcortical auditory nuclei in human listeners. Similar plastic effects have been measured in cortically-generated auditory potentials but it is unclear how the two interact. Here we present Simultaneously-Evoked Auditory Potentials (SEAP), a method designed to concurrently elicit electrophysiological brain potentials from inferior colliculus, thalamus, and primary and secondary auditory cortices. Twenty-six normal-hearing adult subjects (mean 19...
December 31, 2016: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032177/clinical-application-of-earlobe-augmentation-with-hyaluronic-acid-filler-in-the-chinese-population
#19
Wei Qian, Yan-Kun Zhang, Qian Cao, Ying Hou, Wei Lv, Ju-Feng Fan
BACKGROUND: Larger earlobes, which are a symbol of "richness" in traditional Chinese culture, are favored by Chinese patients. The objective of this paper is to investigate the application of earlobe augmentation with hyaluronic acid (HA) filler injection and its clinical effects in the Chinese population. METHODS: A total of 19 patients (38 ears) who received earlobe augmentation with HA filler injections between March 2013 and March 2015 were included. The clinical effects, duration, and complications of these cases were investigated...
February 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002090/prognostic-value-of-infrared-thermography-in-an-emergency-department
#20
Jesper K Holm, John G Kellett, Nadia H Jensen, Søren N Hansen, Kristian Jensen, Mikkel Brabrand
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to investigate the prognostic potential of infrared thermography in a population of medical patients admitted to the emergency department. Central-to-peripheral temperature gradients were analyzed for association with 30-day mortality. METHODS: This prospective observational study included 198 medical patients admitted to the Emergency Department, at Odense University Hospital. A standardized thermal picture was taken and temperatures of the inner canthus, the earlobe, the nose tip, and the tip of the third finger were reported...
December 20, 2016: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
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