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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806494/body-piercing-motivations-and-implications-for-health
#1
REVIEW
Cheri Van Hoover, Carol-Ann Rademayer, Cindy L Farley
Body piercing has evolved from a behavior once considered extreme to an accepted choice among the general population. Earlobe piercing is so common that it is now considered a normative behavior. The motivations for choosing body piercing have changed and are associated with piercing site and number of piercings chosen by the individual. Meanings ascribed to body piercing were traditionally related to enhanced sexual desirability and experience, but now range from the innocuous, such as a fashion statement, to the risk laden, such as nonsuicidal self-injury...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758071/effects-of-mirror-therapy-using-a-tablet-pc-on-central-facial-paresis-in-stroke-patients
#2
Jung-A Kang, Min Ho Chun, Su Jin Choi, Min Cheol Chang, You Gyoung Yi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of mirror therapy using a tablet PC for post-stroke central facial paresis. METHODS: A prospective, randomized controlled study was performed. Twenty-one post-stroke patients were enrolled. All patients performed 15 minutes of orofacial exercise twice daily for 14 days. The mirror group (n=10) underwent mirror therapy using a tablet PC while exercising, whereas the control group (n=11) did not. All patients were evaluated using the Regional House-Brackmann Grading Scale (R-HBGS), and the length between the corner of the mouth and the ipsilateral earlobe during rest and smiling before and after therapy were measured bilaterally...
June 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756062/determining-the-frequency-of-morphological-characteristics-in-a-sample-of-brazilian-children
#3
Eduardo Perrone, Thais Arbocese Zanolla, Rodrigo Ambrósio Fock, Ana Beatriz Alvarez Perez, Décio Brunoni
OBJECTIVE: To establish the frequency of 82 morphological features in a sample of Brazilian children (between 3 and 13 years old), to understand the influence of age, gender, and ethnicity. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study that evaluated 239 children with typical development (between 3 and 13 years old) regarding the presence of 82 morphological characteristics. A previously described protocol, based on the London Dysmorphology Database, was applied to evaluate the sample...
July 27, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733570/frank-s-sign-a-dermatological-link-to-coronary-artery-disease
#4
K G Lee
Frank's sign, also known as diagonal earlobe crease (DELC), was observed to be an aural sign of coronary artery disease (CAD). Since then, there has been much interest in examining this unique and controversial association. This report describes a patient who has bilateral complete and deep diagonal ear lobe creases, presented with angina and diagnosed to have coronary artery disease on angiography. The characteristics of the sign and its association with atherosclerotic disease were discussed.
June 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703875/evaluation-of-bilicare-%C3%A2-transcutaneous-bilirubin-device-in-japanese-newborns
#5
Keiji Yamana, Ichiro Morioka, Daisuke Kurokawa, Sachiyo Fukushima, Kosuke Nishida, Shohei Ohyama, Noriyuki Nishimura, Kandai Nozu, Mariko Taniguchi-Ikeda, Hiroaki Nagase, Kazumichi Fujioka, Sota Iwatani, Hajime Nakamura, Kazumoto Iijima
BACKGROUND: Non-invasive transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) monitoring has been widely used to screen for hyperbilirubinemia. TcB values measured using the recently developed BiliCare(™) system have not been fully evaluated. METHODS: One hundred and seven TcB measurements were obtained from 82 Japanese newborns ≥ 35 weeks' gestational age within 2 weeks after birth. Measurements were taken at the scaphoid fossa, conchal cavity, and lobe of the ear using BiliCare...
July 13, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699995/procedures-for-measuring-and-verifying-gastric-tube-placement-in-newborns-an-integrative-review
#6
Flávia de Souza Barbosa Dias, Suellen Cristina Dias Emidio, Maria Helena Baena de Moraes Lopes, Antonieta Keiko Kakuda Shimo, Ana Raquel Medeiros Beck, Elenice Valentim Carmona
Objective: to investigate evidence in the literature on procedures for measuring gastric tube insertion in newborns and verifying its placement, using alternative procedures to radiological examination. Method: an integrative review of the literature carried out in the Cochrane, LILACS, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE and Scopus databases using the descriptors "Intubation, gastrointestinal" and "newborns" in original articles. Results: seventeen publications were included and categorized as "measuring method" or "technique for verifying placement"...
July 10, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611681/dose-response-of-high-intensity-training-hit-on-atheroprotective-mirna-126-levels
#7
Boris Schmitz, Katrin Schelleckes, Johanna Nedele, Lothar Thorwesten, Andreas Klose, Malte Lenders, Michael Krüger, Eva Brand, Stefan-Martin Brand
Aim: MicroRNA-126 (miR-126) exerts beneficial effects on vascular integrity, angiogenesis, and atherosclerotic plaque stability. The purpose of this investigation was to analyze the dose-response relationship of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on miR-126-3p and -5p levels. Methods: Sixty-one moderately trained individuals (females = 31 [50.8%]; 22.0 ± 1.84 years) were consecutively recruited and allocated into three matched groups using exercise capacity. During a 4-week intervention a HIIT group performed three exercise sessions/week of 4 × 30 s at maximum speed (all-out), a progressive HIIT (proHIIT) group performed three exercise sessions/week of 4 × 30 s at maximum speed (all-out) with one extra session every week (up to 7 × 30 s) and a low-intensity training (LIT) control group performed three exercise sessions/week for 25 min <75% of maximum heart rate...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527965/perfusion-index-an-indicator-of-success-during-endoscopic-thoracic-sympathectomy-for-hyperhidrosis
#8
Eric I-Hun Jeng, Nikolaus Gravenstein, Charles T Klodell
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy (ETS) is indicated for refractory hyperhidrosis. The pulse oximetry-derived perfusion index (PI) quantifies pulsatile blood flow at the oximeter. Thoracic sympathectomy increases blood flow; thus we postulate it will reliably increase PI. We evaluated the ipsilateral finger PI as a predictor of successful sympathectomy during ETS. METHODS: After institutional review board approval and informed consent, 100 adult patients undergoing bilateral ETS were studied...
August 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467018/histological-analysis-of-hyalinised-keloidal-collagen-formation-in-earlobe-keloids-over-time-collagen-hyalinisation-starts-in-the-perivascular-area
#9
Noriko M Matsumoto, Wei-Xia Peng, Masayo Aoki, Satoshi Akaishi, Ryuji Ohashi, Rei Ogawa, Zenya Naito
Keloids grow and do not regress. They are characterised histologically by hyalinised keloidal collagen (HKC). HKC amounts vary, and the mechanism by which they form is unclear. To clarify how HKCs form and whether their formation associates with specific clinical features, we studied the histological findings of earlobe keloids and compared them with respective clinical features. A total of 50 earlobe keloids from 43 patients were used for histological analysis of keloid size (mm(2) ), HKC area (mm(2) ) and HKC area ratio (%)...
May 3, 2017: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464401/prevalence-of-coronary-artery-calcification-in-japanese-patients-with-psoriasis-a-close-correlation-with-bilateral-diagonal-earlobe-creases
#10
Masaru Honma, Takashi Shibuya, Takeshi Iwasaki, Shin Iinuma, Noriyoshi Takahashi, Mari Kishibe, Masako Minami-Hori, Akemi Ishida-Yamamoto
Psoriasis is a multifactorial inflammatory disorder, in which the inflammation affects not only the skin but also the other internal organs, and can induce cardiovascular and cerebrovascular involvements. However, few predictive factors of cardiovascular diseases have been clarified in patients with psoriasis. This study was performed to verify whether diagonal earlobe creases (ELC) can reflect the hidden comorbidities in Japanese psoriatic patients. Prevalence and subtypes of ELC were analyzed in patients with psoriatic and with non-psoriatic skin diseases, and the correlation with coronary artery calcification (CAC) or fatty liver (FL) detected by computed tomography...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463837/adoptive-cellular-gene-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-experimental-autoimmune-polychondritis-ear-disease
#11
Bin Zhou, Yonggan Liao, Yunkai Guo, Ingo H Tarner, Chunfen Liao, Sisi Chen, Mohammad Habiby Kermany, Hanjun Tu, Sen Zhong, Peijie Chen
In the past, the clinical therapy for autoimmune diseases, such as autoimmune polychondritis ear disease, was mostly limited to nonspecific immunosuppressive agents, which could lead to variable responses. Currently, gene therapy aims at achieving higher specificity and less adverse effects. This concept utilizes the adoptive transfer of autologous T cells that have been retrovirally transduced ex vivo to express and deliver immunoregulatory gene products to sites of autoimmune inflammation. In the animal model of collagen-induced autoimmune polychondritis ear disease (CIAPED), the adoptive transfer of IL-12p40-expressing collagen type II (CII)-specific CD4+ T-cell hybridomas resulted in a significantly lower disease incidence and severity compared with untreated or vector-only-treated animals...
2017: ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and its related Specialties
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460854/diagonal-earlobe-crease-frank-s-sign-a-predictor-of-cerebral-vascular-events
#12
Saleh Nazzal, Basem Hijazi, Luai Khalila, Arnon Blum
BACKGROUND: Frank's sign was first described in 1973 by an American physician (T. Frank). It is a diagonal crease in the earlobe which starts from the tragus to the edge of the auricle in an angle of 45 degrees in varying depths. Frank sign was described as a predictor of future coronary heart disease and peripheral vascular diseases. The aim of the study was to examine the association between Frank sign and the development of ischemic stroke. METHODS: A prospective study that enrolled consecutive patients admitted with an acute ischemic stroke...
April 28, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447992/intravital-microscopy-and-thrombus-induction-in-the-earlobe-of-a-hairless-mouse
#13
Daniel Strüder, Eberhard Grambow, Ernst Klar, Robert Mlynski, Brigitte Vollmar
Thrombotic complications of vascular diseases are one leading cause of morbidity and mortality in industrial nations. Due to the complex interactions between cellular and non-cellular blood components during thrombus formation, reliable studies of the physiology and pathophysiology of thrombosis can only be performed in vivo. Therefore, this article presents an ear model in hairless mice and focuses on the in vivo analysis of microcirculation, thrombus formation, and thrombus evolution. By using intravital fluorescence microscopy and the intravenous (iv) application of the respective fluorescent dyes, a repetitive analysis of microcirculation in the auricle can easily be performed, without the need for surgical preparation...
April 2, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445376/defining-temporal-hairline-landmarks
#14
Purushottam A Nagarkar, Jonathan Cheng
Brow dermoids are benign pediatric neoplasms. Endoscopic resection requires incisions placed within the temporal hairline, which is often difficult to reliably locate in infants. The authors studied adult and pediatric patients to define the location of the hairline in relationship to simple facial landmarks. Adult and pediatric patients who were seen in preoperative consultation for facial surgical procedures were identified and included in the study. Patients with a history of facial trauma, surgery, or congenital anomalies were excluded...
May 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442093/earlobe-crease-in-patient-with-chest-pain
#15
Damien Contou, Marie Lecronier, Tomas Urbina, Nicolas de Prost
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438303/relation-of-the-bilateral-earlobe-crease-to-endothelial-dysfunction
#16
Nozomu Oda, Tatsuya Maruhashi, Shinji Kishimoto, Masato Kajikawa, Yumiko Iwamoto, Akimichi Iwamoto, Shogo Matsui, Takayuki Hidaka, Yasuki Kihara, Kazuaki Chayama, Chikara Goto, Yoshiki Aibara, Ayumu Nakashima, Kensuke Noma, Harutoyo Hirano, Yukihito Higashi
The presence of an earlobe crease (ELC) may be a simple sign to predict atherosclerosis. We evaluated the relation between ELC and vascular function. We measured flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD) and nitroglycerine-induced vasodilation (NID) and observed bilateral earlobes in 400 consecutive subjects. At first, the subjects were divided into 3 groups: non-ELC group, unilateral ELC group, and bilateral ELC group. FMD and NID were significantly lower in the unilateral and bilateral ELC groups than those in the non-ELC group...
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416164/morphological-variability-of-the-earlobe-in-a-spanish-population-sample
#17
O Rubio, V Galera, M C Alonso
This article shows the morphological variability of the earlobe in a Spanish population of European origin. The frequencies of four lobe characteristics (attachment, contour, modeling, and size) and their degree of expression were studied. The relationship among the characteristics and the differences involving sex and laterality were also considered. The least frequent morphology, and of main use in solving forensic cases, was the very small size with triangle-pulled contour into the skin and crossed-discontinuous modeling...
March 29, 2017: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385569/-earlobe-reconstruction-in-one-step-by-the-gavello-s-procedure-surgical-technique-and-a-case-report
#18
M Atlan, Q Qassemyar, C Lkah
The earlobe because of its anatomical position is subject of defects secondary to multiple and varied etiologies. Although its functional role appears negligible, its aesthetic and social importance makes its reconstruction a delicate surgery because it must be discreet but also the simplest possible. Many methods have been described but some require several operating times. The aim of this article is to present a simple procedure with a bilobed flap based on a reliable vascularization and which requires only one operative time...
April 3, 2017: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346638/repair-of-the-dilated-earlobe
#19
Akshay Sanan, Ryan Heffelfinger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343784/a-modified-intraoral-and-extraoral-approach-osteotomy-for-the-prominent-mandibular-angle
#20
Rui Lei, Yang Wang, Shengquan Xu, Fuliang Hong, Mingyuan Xu, Liyuan Wei, Jinghong Xu
BACKGROUND: A prominent mandibular angle (PMA) is a relatively common condition in Asians, and surgeons typically use the intraoral approach to treat it. However, the approach can have many drawbacks due to the limited operative field and view. The procedures of osteotomy are not easily manipulated, and an exact resection is difficult. In addition, some major complications can easily occur. This article presents a modified osteotomy method for the PMA that avoids these disadvantages and makes the procedure easier to execute...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
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