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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102549/enhancing-capillary-blood-collection-the-influence-of-nicotinic-acid-and-nonivamide
#1
Christian Moro, Jessica Bass, Anna Mae Scott, Elisa F D Canetti
BACKGROUND: Nicotinic acid and nonivamide are often applied topically during capillary blood collection to induce vasodilation. These molecules may have an influence on immune effector cell activity in nearby tissues. This study investigates whether the induction of flushing by nicotinic acid and nonivamide causes an inflammatory response that influences the composition of immune cells present in a capillary blood sample. METHODS: Females aged between 18 and 30 years old provided capillary blood samples...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043881/simultaneously-evoked-auditory-potentials-seap-a-new-method-for-concurrent-measurement-of-cortical-and-subcortical-auditory-evoked-activity
#2
Christopher Slugocki, Daniel Bosnyak, Laurel J Trainor
Recent electrophysiological work has evinced a capacity for plasticity in subcortical auditory nuclei in human listeners. Similar plastic effects have been measured in cortically-generated auditory potentials but it is unclear how the two interact. Here we present Simultaneously-Evoked Auditory Potentials (SEAP), a method designed to concurrently elicit electrophysiological brain potentials from inferior colliculus, thalamus, and primary and secondary auditory cortices. Twenty-six normal-hearing adult subjects (mean 19...
December 30, 2016: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032177/clinical-application-of-earlobe-augmentation-with-hyaluronic-acid-filler-in-the-chinese-population
#3
Wei Qian, Yan-Kun Zhang, Qian Cao, Ying Hou, Wei Lv, Ju-Feng Fan
BACKGROUND: Larger earlobes, which are a symbol of "richness" in traditional Chinese culture, are favored by Chinese patients. The objective of this paper is to investigate the application of earlobe augmentation with hyaluronic acid (HA) filler injection and its clinical effects in the Chinese population. METHODS: A total of 19 patients (38 ears) who received earlobe augmentation with HA filler injections between March 2013 and March 2015 were included. The clinical effects, duration, and complications of these cases were investigated...
December 28, 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002090/prognostic-value-of-infrared-thermography-in-an-emergency-department
#4
Jesper K Holm, John G Kellett, Nadia H Jensen, Søren N Hansen, Kristian Jensen, Mikkel Brabrand
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to investigate the prognostic potential of infrared thermography in a population of medical patients admitted to the emergency department. Central-to-peripheral temperature gradients were analyzed for association with 30-day mortality. METHODS: This prospective observational study included 198 medical patients admitted to the Emergency Department, at Odense University Hospital. A standardized thermal picture was taken and temperatures of the inner canthus, the earlobe, the nose tip, and the tip of the third finger were reported...
December 20, 2016: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978889/-advances-in-therapy-of-auricular-keloid
#5
K Liu, X L Wu, P H Wang
Auricularis keloids are the keloids locating on the earlobe and helix which often caused by ear piercing, burn wound and skin injury. Because of its high recurrence, the treatment of auricularis keloids is troublesome to ENT doctors. In the past, clinicians harvested some achievements by combining surgical therapy, drug therapy and physical therapy. Keloid therapies were reviewed in this article.
December 7, 2016: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939526/sensitive-detection-of-hemodynamic-failure-during-orthostatic-stress-in-patients-with-diabetic-polyneuropathy-using-a-mini-laser-doppler-blood-flowmeter
#6
Masaki Goma, Masahiro Kaneshige, Sayaka Ichijo, Masashi Ichijo, Hideo Shindo, Nobuyuki Terada, Hiroshi Yokomichi, Zentaro Yamagata, Kenichiro Kitamura, Hiroki Shimura, Tetsuro Kobayashi
Autonomic dysfunction in diabetes is serious but often underestimated. The purpose of this study was to evaluate hemodynamics within the important initial phase just after standing, which cannot be evaluated by conventional instruments for orthostatic hypotension. Earlobe blood flow (EBF), which indirectly reflects the blood pressure response on standing, was evaluated using a mini laser Doppler flowmeter during standing from the sitting position in 58 healthy controls and 56 diabetic patients categorized as without (11), mild (27), and advanced diabetic polyneuropathy (18)...
November 17, 2016: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930657/the-effects-of-auricular-electro-acupuncture-on-ameliorating-the-dysfunction-of-interstitial-cells-of-cajal-networks-and-nnosmrna-expression-in-antrum-of-stz-induced-diabetic-rats
#7
Huan Chen, Weijian Zhu, Jing Lu, Jinqing Fan, Luning Sun, Xiaoke Feng, Hao Liu, Zhaohui Zhang, Yongqing Wang
BACKGROUD: Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs) and nNOS play a crucial role in diabetic gastrointestinal dysmotility(DGD). Our previous study found that electro-acupuncture(EA) on ear point 'stomach' could repair the gastric dysrhythmias in rats induced by rectal distention(RD) after meal. However, little were known about the possible effect of auricular electro-acupuncture (AEA) on diabetic rats. Thus, we designed this study to investigate the effect of AEA on streptozotocin(STZ)-induced diabetic rats...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898202/optimization-of-transcutaneous-vagus-nerve-stimulation-using-functional-mri
#8
Natalia Yakunina, Sam Soo Kim, Eui-Cheol Nam
OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) is an established therapy for drug-resistant epilepsy, depression, and a number of other disorders. Transcutaneous stimulation of the auricular branch of the vagus nerve (tVNS) has been considered as a non-invasive alternative. Several functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies on the effects of tVNS used different stimulation parameters and locations in the ear, which makes it difficult to determine the optimal tVNS methodology...
November 29, 2016: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824539/bilateral-earlobe-creases-and-coronary-artery-disease
#9
Abhishek Sharma, Chukwudi Obiagwu, Ekaterina Sikorskaya
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793876/pseudohyperglycaemia-in-a-comatose-patient-after-picking-cherries
#10
Clément Derkenne, Antoine Lamblin, Daniel Jost, Jean-Pierre Tourtier
We report a case of pseudohyperglycaemia on a capillary blood glucose measurement taken from fingers stained with sugar (fructose). A 76-year-old patient with type 1 diabetes received emergency attention at home because of a coma. The first capillary blood glucose measurement collected from a finger revealed a concentration higher than the reference limits, misleading the clinician. After starting symptomatic treatment, a second blood glucose measurement was taken. This measurement, taken at the earlobe, revealed profound hypoglycaemia (0...
October 28, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747463/-psychosocial-stressors-and-pain-sensitivity-in-chronic-pain-disorder-with-somatic-and-psychological-factors-f45-41
#11
M Studer, J Stewart, N Egloff, E Zürcher, R von Känel, J Brodbeck, M Grosse Holtforth
BACKGROUND: Increased pain sensitivity is characteristic for patients with chronic pain disorder with somatic and psychological factors (F45.41). Persistent stress can induce, sustain, and intensify pain sensitivity, thereby modulating pain perception. In this context, it would be favorable to investigate which psychosocial stressors are empirically linked to pain sensitivity. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between psychosocial stressors and pain sensitivity in a naturalistic sample of patients with chronic pain disorder with somatic and psychological factors (F45...
October 17, 2016: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729135/mastoid-fascia-kite-flap-for-cryptotia-correction
#12
François Simon, Charlotte Celerier, Erea-Noël Garabedian, Françoise Denoyelle
OBJECTIVE: Cryptotia is one of the most common malformations of the upper auricle with aesthetic and functional consequences, however there is no standard treatment. We present the surgical technique and results of a kite flap procedure which can be used in the different cryptotia subtypes. METHODS: We reviewed all patients treated in our department from 2010 to 2015, using a mastoid fascia kite flap technique. The incision of this local flap follows the retro-auricular sulcus along the rim of the helix superiorly and drawing a skin paddle inferiorly...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726131/reevaluation-of-the-arterial-blood-supply-of-the-auricle
#13
Isaac Zilinsky, Detlev Erdmann, Oren Weissman, Niels Hammer, Mircea-Constantin Sora, Thilo L Schenck, Sebastian Cotofana
The anatomical basis for auricular flaps used in multiple aesthetic and reconstructive procedures is currently based on a random distribution of the underlying arterial network. However, recent findings reveal a systematic pattern as opposed to the present concepts. Therefore, we designed this study to assess the arterial vascular pattern of the auricle in order to provide reliable data about the vascular map required for surgical interventions. Sixteen human auricles from eight body donors (five females/three males, 84...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665328/diagonal-earlobe-crease-associated-with-increased-epicardial-adipose-tissue-and-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-subjects-free-of-clinical-cardiovascular-disease
#14
Murat Ziyrek, Sinan Şahin, Emrah Özdemir, Zeydin Acar, Serkan Kahraman
OBJECTIVE: Atherosclerotic coronary artery disease is a leading cause of death, worldwide. Diagonal earlobe crease (DELC) has been suggested as a simple, noninvasive marker of cardiovascular disease. Although epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) thickness and carotid intima media thickness (CIMT) are closely related to atherosclerosis, the relation between EAT, CIMT, and DELC had yet to be studied. The present objective was to analyze this association. METHODS: Subjects were apparently healthy individuals referred to the cardiology outpatient clinic...
September 2016: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659947/earlobe-like-peritoneal-appendage-near-the-angle-of-his-a-useful-landmark-for-demarcating-the-lateral-margin-of-the-gastric-cardia
#15
Kanji Hirashima, Fengming Yue, Daihachiro Tomotsune, Katsunori Sasaki
The gastric cardia-the small area around the cardiac orifice including the abdominal esophagus-is an important target area for abdominal and thoracic surgeries, especially for laparoscopic procedures. In this study of 28 cadavers, a peritoneal earlobe-like appendage near the angle of His was identified as a useful indicator of the lateral margin of the abdominal esophagus, which is otherwise obscure because the peritoneum continues to the diaphragm without definite demarcation of this margin. This structure, which appears equivalent to the epiploic appendages, was commonly found to be present (in 22/28, 78...
September 22, 2016: Anatomical Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628199/the-influence-of-the-regression-model-and-final-speed-criteria-on-the-reliability-of-lactate-threshold-determined-by-the-dmax-method-in-endurance-trained-runners
#16
Júlio César Camargo Alves, Cecília Segabinazi Peserico, Geraldo Angelo Nogueira, Fabiana Andrade Machado
Few studies verified the reliability of the lactate threshold determined by Dmax method (LTDmax) in runners and it remains unclear the effect of the regression model and the final speed on the reliability of LTDmax. This study aimed to examine the test-retest reliability of the speed at LTDmax in runners, considering the effects of the regression models (exponential-plus-constant vs third-order polynomial) and final speed criteria (complete vs proportional). Seventeen male, recreational runners performed 2 identical incremental exercise tests, with increments of 1 km·h(-1) each for 3 min on treadmill to determine peak treadmill speed (Vpeak) and lactate threshold...
October 2016: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608513/enhanced-wound-healing-by-topical-application-of-ointment-containing-a-low-concentration-of-povidone-iodine
#17
O Mitani, A Nishikawa, I Kurokawa, E C Gabazza, M Ikeda, H Mizutani
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of a novel topical wound-healing agent, low-concentration povidone-iodine ointment (LPIO) with a hydrophobic white petrolatum-rich base on skin-wound models in rats and rabbits. METHOD: The therapeutic efficacy of topically applied LPIO was compared to that of standard-concentration povidone-iodine ointment (SPIO) and non-treatment control, using a full-thickness skin-wound model in 24 hairless rats and a full-thickness skin-defect model in rabbit earlobes...
September 2016: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27607117/preventing-suture-extrusion-and-recurrence-in-mustarde-and-furnas-otoplasties-by-using-laterally-based-postauricular-dermal-flap-long-term-results
#18
Salih Onur Basat, Fatih Ceran, Ufuk Askeroglu, Tolga Aksan, Cagdas Orman, Memet Yazar, Ilker Uscetin, Mithat Akan, Mehmet Bozkurt
BACKGROUND: Prominent ear deformity (PD) is an unacceptable condition of pinna that affects 5% of the population and is associated with emotional stress, behavioral disturbances, and social restrictions in relationships. Conchal hypertrphy, inadequate formation of antihelical fold, earlobe placement ahead than it should be, or various combinations of these changes are main characteristics of PD. Many surgical techniques have been described for the PD.The authors' aim was to present laterally based postauricular dermal flap combination with cartilage-sparing methods and effectiveness of this technique in suture extrusion prevention and reducing the rate of recurrence with long-term results...
September 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27515037/development-and-validation-of-an-onchocerca-ochengi-microfilarial-hamster-model-for-onchocerciasis-drug-screens
#19
Glory Enjong Mbah, Rene Bilingwe Ayiseh, Fidelis Cho-Ngwa
BACKGROUND: Onchocerciasis, caused by the parasitic nematode, Onchocerca volvulus afflicts some 37 million people worldwide, and is the second leading infectious cause of blindness globally. The only currently recommended drug for treatment of the disease, ivermectin, is only microfilaricidal and has serious adverse effects in individuals co-infected with high loads of Loa loa microfilariae (mf), prompting the search for new and better drugs. Onchocerciasis drug discovery studies have so far been based on in vivo models using Onchocerca species which are not the closest to O...
2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27506499/keloidectomy-with-core-fillet-flap-and-intralesional-verapamil-injection-for-recurrent-earlobe-keloids
#20
Mohammed Fawzy El-Kamel, Mohamed K Selim, Moheiddin F Alghobary
BACKGROUND: Earlobe keloids are usually recalcitrant to treatment and have a high rate of recurrence. Verapamil is a calcium channel antagonist that has been shown to inhibit the synthesis/secretion of extracellular matrix molecules and increase collagenase. OBJECTIVES: This prospective study was designed to evaluate the results of treatment of recurrent earlobe keloids using keloidectomy with core fillet flap and intralesional verapamil injection. METHODS: Nineteen keloids in 16 patients were treated using this technique with intralesional verapamil injection given intraoperatively, then every 2 weeks for 3 months, with postoperative follow-up for 18 months...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
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