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Complications of parenteral nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932306/analysis-of-the-outcomes-in-central-venous-access-port-implantation-performed-by-residents-via-the-internal-jugular-vein-and-subclavian-vein
#1
Hajime Matsushima, Tomohiko Adachi, Toru Iwata, Takashi Hamada, Hiroki Moriuchi, Manpei Yamashita, Tomoo Kitajima, Hitoshi Okubo, Susumu Eguchi
OBJECTIVE: The central venous access port (CVAP) has played an important role in the safe administration of chemotherapy and parenteral nutrition. The aim of the present study was to clarify the optimal access vein for CVAP implantation when performed by residents rather than attending surgeons. METHODS: A consecutive cases of CVAP implantation via the subclavian vein (SV) using a landmark-guided technique or via the internal jugular vein (JV) using an ultrasound-guided technique were divided into 2 groups according to whether the intervention was performed by a resident or an attending surgeon...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912953/evaluating-the-effect-of-matricaria-recutita-and-mentha-piperita-herbal-mouthwash-on-management-of-oral-mucositis-in-patients-undergoing-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#2
Maria Tavakoli Ardakani, Sara Ghassemi, Mahshid Mehdizadeh, Faraz Mojab, Jamshid Salamzadeh, Samaneh Ghassemi, Abbas Hajifathali
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of Matricaria recutita and Mentha piperita on oral mucositis (OM) in patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). DESIGN: Randomized double blind placebo controlled clinical trial. SETTING: Faculty of Pharmacy, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, and Bone Marrow Transplantation Center at Taleghani Teaching Hospital, Tehran, Iran. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty patients undergoing HSCT were randomly assigned to two groups: placebo (n=33), and herbal mouthwash group (n=27)...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898350/cronkhite-canada-syndrome-complicated-by-pulmonary-embolism-a-case-report
#3
Neha L Nemade, Urvi B Shukla, Gajanan D Wagholikar
INTRODUCTION: Cronkhite Canada Syndrome (CCS) is a rare syndrome, described in 1955 by Americans, Leonard Wolsey Cronkhite and Wilma Jeanne Canada in the New England Journal of Medicine [1]. About 450 cases have been reported. Complications, like malignant transformation, unprovoked thromboembolism is known. Since there is wide variability in medical presentation, no definitive diagnostic and treatment protocol s have been set. The mortality remains at 55%. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a 50 year old male patient presenting with diarrhea, weight loss, abdominal pain, ectodermal features...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896159/intestinal-atresia-experience-at-a-busy-center-of-north-west-india
#4
Shilpi Gupta, Rahul Gupta, Soumyodhriti Ghosh, Arun Kumar Gupta, Arvind Shukla, Vinita Chaturvedi, Praveen Mathur
Objective: To evaluate the presentation, management, complications and outcome of intestinal atresia (IA) managed at our center over a period of 1 year. Materials and methods: Records of patients of IA admitted in our center from January 2015 to December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Demographic data, antenatal history, presenting complaints, location (duodenal, jejunoileal, colonic) of atresia, surgery performed and peri-operative complications were noted. Results: Total 78 cases of IA were included in the analyses...
October 2016: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893673/risk-factor-and-outcome-for-intra-abdominal-bleeding-in-patients-with-enterocutaneous-fistula
#5
Lei Wu, Jianan Ren, Qinjie Liu, Gefei Wang, Xiuwen Wu, Guosheng Gu, Guanwei Li, Kun Guo, Zhiwu Hong, Qiongyuan Hu, Huajian Ren, Jieshou Li
Intra-abdominal bleeding is a major and lethal complication in patients with enterocutaneous fistula (ECF) while few studies are involved in this aspect. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the risk factors and assessed the outcome for intra-abdominal bleeding in patients with ECF.A retrospective study was performed from October 2013 to October 2015. Medical records of 67 ECF patients with intra-abdominal bleeding and 134 ECF patients without intra-abdominal bleeding matched as controls were reviewed and analyzed...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891267/marginal-zone-lymphoma-complicated-by-protein-losing-enteropathy
#6
Nadine Stanek, Peter Bauerfeind, Guido Herzog, Henriette Heinrich, Matthias Sauter, Daniela Lenggenhager, Cäcilia Reiner, Markus G Manz, Jeroen S Goede, Benjamin Misselwitz
Protein losing enteropathy (PLE) refers to excessive intestinal protein loss, resulting in hypoalbuminemia. Underlying pathologies include conditions leading to either reduced intestinal barrier or lymphatic congestion. We describe the case of a patient with long-lasting diffuse abdominal problems and PLE. Repetitive endoscopies were normal with only minimal lymphangiectasia in biopsies. Further evaluations revealed an indolent marginal zone lymphoma with minor bone marrow infiltration. Monotherapy with rituximab decreased bone marrow infiltration of the lymphoma but did not relieve PLE...
2016: Case Reports in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890274/-treating-the-somatic-complications-of-anorexia
#7
Mouna Hanachi-Guidoum
Anorexia can cause serious somatic complications, linked to undernutrition or associated pathological behaviours. The care pathway drawn up by a multi-discipline team is a real therapeutic challenge. Oral nutritional supplements, enteral nutrition and parenteral nutrition are three possible forms of nutritional assistance.
November 2016: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875289/home-parenteral-nutrition-in-adult-patients-with-chronic-intestinal-failure-catheter-related-complications-over-4-decades-at-the-main-danish-tertiary-referral-center
#8
Christopher Filtenborg Brandt, Siri Tribler, Mark Hvistendahl, Rahim M Naimi, Per Brøbech, Michael Staun, Palle Bekker Jeppesen
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Catheter-related complications (CRCs) cause mortality and morbidity in patients dependent on parenteral support at home (HPN) due to intestinal failure (IF). This study describes the incidences of CRCs in an adult IF cohort over 40 years. It illustrates the evolution and consequences of CRCs, their association to demographic characteristics, and potential risk factors in an effort to provide the rationale for preventive precautions to the relevant patients with IF at risk...
November 15, 2016: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869426/an-umbilical-venous-catheter-complication-presented-as-acute-abdomen-case-report
#9
Mustafa O Oztan, Ozkan Ilhan, Elif Abay, Gokhan Koyluoglu
Umbilical venous catheterization has become a widely accepted intravenous route for premature babies. These catheters allow administration of parenteral nutrition and medication and facilitate blood sampling. Besides these benefits, they also have significant potential complications like portal vein thrombosis, infection, vascular or hepatic injury, arrhythmia and sepsis. One of the rare but important complication is extravasation of the fluids due to misplacement of the catheter. The typical symptoms of this condition are sudden deterioration, hepatic enlargement, hematocrit drop, hypotension and abdominal distension...
December 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867410/closed-gastroschisis-vanishing-midgut-and-extreme-short-bowel-syndrome-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
F A Dennison
Gastroschisis alone has excellent survival rates. Occasionally reported is closed gastroschisis, leading to vanishing small bowel and extreme short bowel syndrome. It is believed that the abdominal wall defect can contract or close in utero, which leads to strangulation of the eviscerated bowel and the rare "vanishing gut syndrome." This has a very poor prognosis with mortality as high as 70%. An 18-year-old primigravid patient's 13 week scan diagnosed a large gastroschisis affecting the fetus. After counselling, she decided to continue with the pregnancy...
August 2016: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865472/taking-a-step-back-assessing-the-outcomes-of-multiple-step-procedures
#11
Meredith Barrett, Farokh R Demehri, Graham C Ives, Kristen Schaedig, Meghan A Arnold, Daniel H Teitelbaum
PURPOSE: Short bowel syndrome (SBS) is a highly morbid condition primarily because of parenteral nutrition (PN)-associated complications. Bowel lengthening via serial transverse enteroplasty (STEP) has become standard of care. While initial STEPs have resulted in weaning from PN, outcomes of repeated STEPs (ReSTEPs) are not well described. We investigated outcomes of initial STEP compared to ReSTEP procedures. METHODS: This retrospective review of STEPs included 17 children and a total of 24 procedures...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847836/obstructive-acute-pancreatitis-secondary-to-peg-tube-migration
#12
Douglas F Taylor, Ryan Cho, Allan Cho, Viet Nguyen, Abhijit Sunnapwar, Craig Womeldorph
Percutaneous gastrostomy is a well-established method of providing enteral nutrition to patients incapable of oral intake, or for whom oral intake is insufficient to meet metabolic needs. In comparison to total parenteral nutrition, enteral feeding is advantageous in that it helps maintain gut mucosal integrity, which decreases the risk of bacterial translocation through the gastrointestinal tract. Complications include bleeding, aspiration, internal organ injury, perforation, periostomal leaks, tube dislodgement, and occlusion...
August 2016: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845942/outcome-differences-between-simple-and-complex-gastroschisis
#13
Vesna Milojkovic Marinovic, Maija Lukac, Zeljko Mikovic, Blagoje Grujic, Maja Milickovic, Gordana Samardzija, Aleksandra Stojanovic, Dalibor Sabbagh
BACKGROUND: We reviewed differences of the outcome of newborn with simple and complex gastroschisis treated at our institution over the past fifteen years. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed on all infants with gastroschisis treated at the Institute for mother and child health care, Belgrade, between 2001 and 2015 (n=70). Premature infants (<34 weeks of gestation) and babies with birth weight less than 1500 g were excluded (n=5). We compared outcomes in infants with simple gastroschisis and those with complex gastroschisis...
October 14, 2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842958/mortality-related-factors-in-gastroschisis-a-jamaican-perspective
#14
Sarah G Marshall Niles, Kathryn Mitchell-Fearon, Mitchell I Gill, Claudine J DeSouza, Ian C Fearon, Colin A Abel, Brian A James, Noel J McLennon
OBJECTIVE: To determine the mortality rate of patients treated with gastroschisis at a Jamaican pediatric hospital, and to identify factors that contribute significantly to mortality. METHODS: Eighty-five patients were treated with gastroschisis between November 1, 2006 and November 30, 2015. Of these, 80 records were recovered and reviewed retrospectively. Records were analyzed for maternal and patient characteristics, and details of the clinical course. Death during admission was the primary outcome measure...
October 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842748/preventing-ventilator-associated-infections
#15
REVIEW
Avani Mehta, Rajesh Bhagat
Mechanical ventilator use is fraught with risk of complications. Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a common complication that prolongs stays on the ventilator and increases mortality and costs. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend the use of the term, ventilator-associated event. Prevention and/or interruption of cycle of inflammation, colonization of respiratory tract, and ventilator-associated tracheobronchitis are key to managing VAP. Modifying risk factors using a ventilator bundle is considered standard of care...
December 2016: Clinics in Chest Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836825/intestinal-failure-in-children-and-young-people-with-neurodisabling-conditions
#16
REVIEW
Amar M Wahid, Colin V Powell, Ieuan H Davies, Jennifer A Evans, Huw R Jenkins
Gastrointestinal dysmotility is common in children and young people with neurodisabling conditions. In this article we seek to highlight the increasing difficulties faced by paediatricians in managing intestinal failure in this patient group. It is becoming clear that, as the median age for survival increases, intestinal failure is a significant problem, and can in some cases become life-limiting. The ethical issues around starting children with life-limiting conditions on parenteral nutrition (PN) are extremely complicated, not least because we are ignorant of the mechanism of intestinal failure in these children, and indeed, which of these children might be able to return to enteral feeding after a period of PN...
November 11, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832350/the-impact-of-total-parenteral-nutrition-on-postoperative-recovery-in-patients-treated-for-advanced-stage-ovarian-cancer
#17
Alberto A Mendivil, Mark A Rettenmaier, Lisa N Abaid, John V Brown, Kristina M Mori, Bram H Goldstein
OBJECTIVES: Total parenteral nutrition (TPN) presumably benefits cancer patients although reports have disputed the significance of this nutritional intervention. We sought to compare the postoperative outcomes of ovarian cancer patients treated with either TPN or conservative management. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated the impact of TPN and conservative management in ovarian cancer patients who underwent debulking surgery and a bowel resection. The primary study variables encompassed patient time until restoration of bowel function, number of postoperative complications and duration of hospital stay...
November 10, 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824535/update-on-the-management-of-intestinal-failure
#18
REVIEW
Shishira Bharadwaj, Parul Tandon, John M Rivas, Anne Furman, Lisa Moccia, Ashley Ratliff, Abdullah Shatnawei, Ezra Steiger, Donald F Kirby
Intestinal failure is a serious complication of conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease, mesenteric ischemia, and radiation enteritis--and of extensive bowel resection performed because of these diseases. Imbalances of fluids and electrolytes and poor nutritional status manifest as chronic diarrhea or increased ostomy output. Prompt referral to a center specializing in intestinal rehabilitation is key to achieving nutritional homeostasis and, in some cases, can help the patient return to oral food intake...
November 2016: Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815525/aspen-safe-practices-for-enteral-nutrition-therapy
#19
Joseph I Boullata, Amy Long Carrera, Lillian Harvey, Arlene A Escuro, Lauren Hudson, Andrew Mays, Carol McGinnis, Jacqueline J Wessel, Sarita Bajpai, Mara Lee Beebe, Tamara J Kinn, Mark G Klang, Linda Lord, Karen Martin, Cecelia Pompeii-Wolfe, Jackie Sullivan, Abby Wood, Ainsley Malone, Peggi Guenter
Enteral nutrition (EN) is a valuable clinical intervention for patients of all ages in a variety of care settings. Along with its many outcome benefits come the potential for adverse effects. These safety issues are the result of clinical complications and of process-related errors. The latter can occur at any step from patient assessment, prescribing, and order review, to product selection, labeling, and administration. To maximize the benefits of EN while minimizing adverse events requires that a systematic approach of care be in place...
November 4, 2016: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808061/pre-transplantation-serum-ferritin-as-a-prognostic-marker-in-allogeneic-haemopoietic-stem-cell-transplant-patients-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-malaysia
#20
Subashini C Thambiah, Elizabeth George, Intan Nureslyna Samsudin, Lee Hoong Hong, Ling Ling Chuo, Nabilah Ramli, Muhd Zanapiah Zakaria
BACKGROUND: The principal cause of iron overload in patients with haematological malignancies is recurrent red cell transfusions for anaemia. The serum ferritin level reflects the iron burden in the body, in the absence of inflammation or liver disease. In Malaysia, data are lacking on the association between pre-transplant serum ferritin levels and outcome after allogeneic haemopoietic stem cell transplant. METHODS: We did a cross-sectional study using retrospective data of 106 post-allogeneic haemopoietic stem cell transplant patients (HLA-matched sibling) with haematological malignancies at Hospital Ampang to determine the relationship between pre-transplant serum ferritin levels and post-transplant outcome, post-transplant complications and survival time...
May 2016: National Medical Journal of India
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