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Esayas Gelaye, Jenna Elizabeth Achenbach, Gelagay Ayelet, Shiferaw Jenberie, Martha Yami, Reingard Grabherr, Angelika Loitsch, Adama Diallo, Charles Euloge Lamien
Camelpox and camel contagious ecthyma are infectious viral diseases of camelids caused by camelpox virus (CMLV) and camel contagious ecthyma virus (CCEV), respectively. Even though, in Ethiopia, pox disease has been creating significant economic losses in camel production, little is known on the responsible pathogens and their genetic diversity. Thus, the present study aimed at isolation, identification and genetic characterization of the causative viruses. Accordingly, clinical case observations, infectious virus isolation, and molecular and phylogenetic analysis of poxviruses infecting camels in three regions and six districts in the country, Afar (Chifra), Oromia (Arero, Miyu and Yabello) and Somali (Gursum and Jijiga) between 2011 and 2014 were undertaken...
October 2016: Antiviral Research
Reta D Abdi, Kasahun Amsalu, Olana Merera, Yilkal Asfaw, Eseyas Gelaye, Marta Yami, Teshale Sori
BACKGROUND: Conventional Newcastle disease (ND) vaccination strategies in village chicken production settings is impractical due to shortage of cold-chain, unsuitability of vaccine administration routes and demanding trained personnel and hence affected its adoption. Results from earlier works elsewhere showed that the heat stable vaccines such as NDI2 are thought to be promising for village chickens. This study investigated the suitability and efficacy of Ethiopian cereal grains as carriers for the orally administrated NDI2 vaccine in chickens...
2016: BMC Veterinary Research
Shambel G Yami, Bhagwan Singh Chandravanshi, Taddese Wondimu, Cherinet Abuye
The objective of the present study was to determine the levels of essential nutrients (Na, K, Ca, Mg, Fe, Cu, Zn, Mn) and toxic metals (Pb and Cd) in selected varieties of fruits (banana, grape, guava, mandarin and orange), farmland soils and irrigation waters to assess nutritional impact on health. The freeze dried fruits were digested using HNO3 and HClO4 and the levels of the elements determined using flame atomic absorption spectrometer. The highest amount of K (3480) and Mg (281) and the lowest amount of Na (6...
2016: SpringerPlus
J E Achenbach, C Gallardo, E Nieto-Pelegrín, B Rivera-Arroyo, T Degefa-Negi, M Arias, S Jenberie, D D Mulisa, D Gizaw, E Gelaye, T R Chibssa, A Belaye, A Loitsch, M Forsa, M Yami, A Diallo, A Soler, C E Lamien, J M Sánchez-Vizcaíno
African swine fever (ASF) is an important emerging transboundary animal disease (TAD), which currently has an impact on many countries in Africa, Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and the Russian Federation. The current situation in Europe shows the ability of the virus to rapidly spread, which stands to threaten the global swine industry. At present, there is no viable vaccine to minimize spread of the disease and stamping out is the main source of control. In February 2011, Ethiopia had reported its first suspected outbreaks of ASF...
May 22, 2016: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
Esayas Gelaye, Jenna Elizabeth Achenbach, Shiferaw Jenberie, Gelagay Ayelet, Alebachew Belay, Martha Yami, Angelika Loitsch, Reingard Grabherr, Adama Diallo, Charles Euloge Lamien
BACKGROUND: Orf is a contagious disease of sheep, goats and wild ungulates caused by orf virus (ORFV) a member of the genus Parapoxvirus, Poxviridae family. Although orf is endemic in Ethiopia, little attention has been given so far as it is not a notifiable disease by the World Organization for Animal Health. In this work, we have investigated orf outbreaks representing five different geographical locations of Ethiopia, in Amba Giorgis, Gondar zuria, Adet, Debre zeit and Adami Tulu, between 2008 and 2013...
2016: Virology Journal
Richard C Dart, Hilary L Surratt, Marie-Claire Le Lait, Yami Stivers, Vikhyat S Bebarta, Clark C Freifeld, John S Brownstein, John J Burke, Steven P Kurtz, Nabarun Dasgupta
OBJECTIVE:   Prescription opioid analgesics are commonly prescribed for moderate to severe pain. An unintended consequence of prescribing opioid analgesics is the abuse and diversion of these medications. Tapentadol ER is a recently approved centrally acting analgesic with synergistic mechanisms of action: μ-opioid receptor agonism and inhibition of norepinephrine reuptake. We assessed the amount of diversion and related cost of obtaining tapentadol IR (Nucynta®) and tapentadol ER (Nucynta ER®) as well as other Schedule II opioid medications in street transactions in the United States using the Researched Abuse, Diversion and Addiction-Related Surveillance (RADARS®) System...
August 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Ayub Mpoya, Sarah Kiguli, Peter Olupot-Olupot, Robert O Opoka, Charles Engoru, Macpherson Mallewa, Yami Chimalizeni, Neil Kennedy, Dorothy Kyeyune, Benjamin Wabwire, Bridon M'baya, Imelda Bates, Britta Urban, Michael Boele von Hensbroek, Robert Heyderman, Margaret J Thomason, Sophie Uyoga, Thomas N Williams, Diana M Gibb, Elizabeth C George, A Sarah Walker, Kathryn Maitland
BACKGROUND: In sub-Saharan Africa, where infectious diseases and nutritional deficiencies are common, severe anaemia is a common cause of paediatric hospital admission, yet the evidence to support current treatment recommendations is limited. To avert overuse of blood products, the World Health Organisation advocates a conservative transfusion policy and recommends iron, folate and anti-helminthics at discharge. Outcomes are unsatisfactory with high rates of in-hospital mortality (9-10%), 6-month mortality and relapse (6%)...
2015: Trials
Esayas Gelaye, Alebachew Belay, Gelagay Ayelet, Shiferaw Jenberie, Martha Yami, Angelika Loitsch, Eeva Tuppurainen, Reingard Grabherr, Adama Diallo, Charles Euloge Lamien
Sheeppox virus (SPPV), goatpox virus (GTPV) and lumpy skin disease virus (LSDV) of the genus Capripoxvirus (CaPV) cause capripox disease in sheep, goats and cattle, respectively. These viruses are not strictly host-specific and their geographical distribution is complex. In Ethiopia, where sheep, goats and cattle are all affected, a live attenuated vaccine strain (KS1-O180) is used for immunization of both small ruminants and cattle. Although occurrences of the disease in vaccinated cattle are frequently reported, information on the circulating isolates and their relation to the vaccine strain in use are still missing...
July 2015: Antiviral Research
Hanoch Ben-Yami
I agree with Nachev and Hacker's general approach. However, their criticism of claims of covert automaticity can be strengthened. I first say a few words on what voluntary action involves and on the consequent limited relevance of brain research for the determination of voluntariness. I then turn to Nachev and Hacker's discussion of possible covert automaticity and show why the case for it is weaker than they allow.
2014: Cognitive Neuroscience
Zhaoshu Zeng, Ralph Garcia-Bertrand, Silvia Calderon, Li Li, Mingxia Zhong, Rene J Herrera
The Taiwanese aborigines have been regarded as the source populations for the Austronesian expansion that populated Oceania to the east and Madagascar off Africa to the West. Although a number of genetic studies have been performed on some of these important tribes, the scope of the investigations has been limited, varying in the specific populations examined as well as the maker systems employed. This has made direct comparison among studies difficult. In an attempt to alleviate this lacuna, we investigate, for the first time, the genetic diversity of all nine major Taiwanese aboriginal tribes (Ami, Atayal, Bunun, Rukai, Paiwan, Saisat, Puyuma, Tsou and Yami) utilizing a new generation multiplex Y-STR system that allows for the genotyping of 23 loci from a single amplification reaction...
September 2014: Forensic Science International. Genetics
Nachum Vaisman, Galit Shaltiel, Michal Daniely, Oren E Meiron, Assaf Shechter, Steven A Abrams, Eva Niv, Yami Shapira, Amir Sagi
Calcium supplementation is a widely recognized strategy for achieving adequate calcium intake. We designed this blinded, randomized, crossover interventional trial to compare the bioavailability of a new stable synthetic amorphous calcium carbonate (ACC) with that of crystalline calcium carbonate (CCC) using the dual stable isotope technique. The study was conducted in the Unit of Clinical Nutrition, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Israel. The study population included 15 early postmenopausal women aged 54...
October 2014: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
Ana Carina Silva, Martha Yami, Geneviève Libeau, Manuel J T Carrondo, Paula M Alves
In this paper extended tests on a new candidate formulation for Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR) vaccine carried out at National Veterinary Institute (NVI) in Ethiopia are presented. This work was performed in the frame of the VACNADA project from GALVmed which aimed at procuring vaccines against neglected veterinary diseases to African vaccine producing laboratories, in particular PPR. After the eradication of Rinderpest, Peste des Petits Ruminants became the next veterinary disease on target for elimination, requiring an effective and thermostable vaccine...
May 19, 2014: Vaccine
Zhaoshu Zeng, Diane J Rowold, Ralph Garcia-Bertrand, Silvia Calderon, Maria Regueiro, Li Li, Mingxia Zhong, Rene J Herrera
In the present study, for the first time, 293 Taiwanese aboriginal males from all nine major tribes (Ami, Atayal, Bunun, Rukai, Paiwan, Saisat, Puyuma, Tsou, Yami) were genotyped with 17 YSTR loci in a attend to reveal migrational patterns connected with the Austronesian expansion. We investigate the paternal genetic relationships of these Taiwanese aborigines to 42 Asia-Pacific reference populations, geographically selected to reflect various locations within the Austronesian domain. The Tsou and Puyuma tribes exhibit the lowest (0...
June 1, 2014: Gene
Awad E Osman, Mohamed Mubasher, Nezar E ElSheikh, Hanan AlHarthi, Ahmed S Al Yami, Raja Rajalingam, Abdulwahid Al-Dehaimi, Derek Middleton, Gehad ElGhazali
Genes encoding KIRs vary in frequency among different populations and ethnic groups. This study investigated the KIR gene frequency distribution in 148 healthy unrelated Saudi subjects and compared the results with other published findings. All inhibitory and activating KIR genes were present at variable frequencies, with A haplotype-associated genes (KIR2DL1, -2DL3, -3DL1, and KIR2DS4) being observed at higher frequencies (88.9-99.5%) than B haplotype-associated genes (KIR2DS1, -2DS2, -2DS3, -2DS5, -2DL5 and -2DL2) (31...
June 2014: Human Immunology
Armelle Peyraud, François Poumarat, Florence Tardy, Lucía Manso-Silván, Karomatullo Hamroev, Tillo Tilloev, Mullojon Amirbekov, Karim Tounkara, Charles Bodjo, Hezron Wesonga, Isabel Gacheri Nkando, Shiferaw Jenberie, Martha Yami, Eric Cardinale, Deodass Meenowa, Mahmad Reshad Jaumally, Tahir Yaqub, Muhammad Zubair Shabbir, Nadia Mukhtar, Mohibullah Halimi, Ghulam Mohammad Ziay, Willy Schauwers, Hafizullah Noori, Ali Madad Rajabi, Stéphane Ostrowski, François Thiaucourt
BACKGROUND: Few serological tests are available for detecting antibodies against Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae, the causal agent of contagious caprine pleuropneumonia (CCPP). The complement fixation test, the test prescribed for international trade purposes, uses a crude antigen that cross-reacts with all the other mycoplasma species of the "mycoides cluster" frequently infecting goat herds. The lack of a more specific test has been a real obstacle to the evaluation of the prevalence and economic impact of CCPP worldwide...
2014: BMC Veterinary Research
Huan-Lin Chen, Ming-Jen Chen, Shou-Chuan Shih, Horng-Yuan Wang, I-Tsung Lin, Ming-Jong Bair
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Lanyu Island is a closed environment inhabited by the Yami people, Taiwan's smallest and most primitive tribe. This study assessed the prevalence and risk factors of Helicobacter pylori infection among Lanyu Island residents. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among the inhabitants of Lanyu Island, using the (13)C urea breath test to determine the prevalence of H. pylori. All study participants completed a form requesting demographic data and anthropometric measurements and a questionnaire evaluating socioeconomic characteristics and personal habits...
May 2014: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
Kebede Deribe, Alemeshet Yami, Amare Deribew, Nebiyu Mesfin, Robert Colebunders, Jean Pierre Van Geertruyden, Mirkuzie Woldie, Todd Maja
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) remains the most common cause of death in people living with HIV/AIDS. The aim of the present study was to identify predictors of mortality in TB/HIV-coinfected patients. METHODS: We conducted an unmatched case-control study among a cohort of TB/HIV-coinfected adults who were on antiretroviral therapy (ART). Cases comprised 69 TB/HIV-coinfected patients who died during this period. For each case, we selected 3 (207) TB/HIV-coinfected patients who were alive during the end of the follow-up period...
May 2015: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
Michal Sarfaty, Beatrice Nefussy, Ditza Gross, Yami Shapira, Nachum Vaisman, Vivian E Drory
Our objective was to describe a group of ALS patients who underwent percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) insertion, with emphasis on the respiratory function, by comparing patients with forced vital capacity (FVC) > 30% versus FVC ≤ 30%, and the effect of respiratory dysfunction on the perioperative complication rate and survival. Thirty consecutive ALS patients in whom FVC status was known underwent PEG insertion at our centre. Twenty of them had FVC > 30% (50.1% ± 20) at the time of the procedure, and 10 had FVC ≤ 30% (20...
December 2013: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
Hanoch Ben-Yami
I explain why I think that considerations regarding the opposing rights involved in the practice of circumcision-rights of the individual to bodily integrity and rights of the community to practice its religion-would not help us decide on the desirable policy towards this controversial practice. I then suggest a few measures that are not in conflict with either religious or community rights but that can both reduce the harm that circumcision as currently practiced involves and bring about a change in attitude towards the practice, thus further reducing its frequency...
July 2013: Journal of Medical Ethics
Ermias Habte, Alemeshet Yami, Fissahye Alemseged, Yishak Abdissa, Kebede Deribe, Peter Memiah, Sibhatu Biadgilign
BACKGROUND: With transmission of HIV occurring mainly through heterosexual contact, it is paramount to identify serodiscordant couples and implement preventive strategies that will protect the negative partner. The burden of serodiscordance and its predictors in Ethiopia is not clearly understood due to the dearth of data. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and predictors of HIV serodiscordance among couples tested in Jimma University Specialized Hospital (JUSH) Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT) center...
May 2015: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
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