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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769065/prevalence-patterns-and-predictors-of-depression-treatment-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-stroke-in-the-united-states-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Sandipan Bhattacharjee, Majed Al Yami, Sawsan Kurdi, David Rhys Axon
BACKGROUND: Depression is one of the most common psychiatric conditions among stroke survivors and is associated with several negative health outcomes. However, little is known about the depression treatment patterns among stroke survivors. The objective of this study was to examine national-level prevalence, patterns and predictors of depression treatment among community-dwelling stroke survivors. METHODS: This study adopted a retrospective, cross-sectional study design using multiple years of Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) (2002-2012) data...
May 16, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653065/tet2-a-novel-epigenetic-regulator-and-potential-intervention-target-for-atherosclerosis
#2
Yami Liu, Wen Peng, Kai Qu, Xiaolong Lin, Zhaolin Zeng, Jiaojiao Chen, Dangheng Wei, Zuo Wang
Atherosclerosis is the underlying cause of cardio-cerebrovascular disease. However, the mechanisms of atherosclerosis are still unclear. The modification of DNA methylation has an important role in atherosclerosis development. As a member of the Ten-eleven translocation (TET) family, TET methylcytosine dioxygenase 2 (TET2) can modify DNA methylation by catalyzing 5-methylcytosine to 5-hydroxymethylcytosine and mediate DNA demethylation. Recent findings suggest that TET2 is related to the phenotype transformation of vascular smooth muscle cells, endothelial dysfunction, and inflammation of macrophage, the key factors of atherosclerosis...
April 13, 2018: DNA and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577097/traumatic-subhyaloid-macular-hemorrhage-with-complete-resolution-following-neodymium-doped-yttrium-aluminium-garnet-laser
#3
Motazz A Alarfaj, Abdulmajeed A Hasen, Saeed S Al-Yami
Purpose: To report a case of traumatic subhyaloid macular hemorrhage with severe sudden vision loss treated successfully with Neodymium-Doped Yttrium Aluminium Garnet Laser (Nd:YAG laser). Observations: A 16-year-old boy presented to the eye clinic with acute vision loss secondary to blunt trauma by a stone to his left eye 3 days prior to consultation that caused subhyaloid macular hemorrhage. Nd:YAG laser was performed to open the hyaloid membrane and allow the blood to diffuse into the vitreous cavity and be absorbed...
March 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573023/leadership-style-and-organisational-commitment-among-nursing-staff-in-saudi-arabia
#4
Mansour Al-Yami, Paul Galdas, Roger Watson
AIMS: To examine how nurse managers' leadership styles, and nurses' organisational commitment in Saudi Arabia relate. BACKGROUND: Effective leadership is influential in staff retention; however, recruiting and maintaining nurses is an increasing problem in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: Using a survey design, the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire and the Organisational Commitment Questionnaire were distributed to a sample of 219 nurses and nurse managers from two hospitals in Saudi Arabia...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569238/factor-analysis-and-mokken-scaling-of-the-organizational-commitment-questionnaire-in-nurses
#5
M Al-Yami, P Galdas, R Watson
AIMS: To generate an Arabic version of the Organizational Commitment Questionnaire that would be easily understood by Arabic speakers and would be sensitive to Arabic culture. BACKGROUND: The nursing workforce in Saudi Arabia is undergoing a process of Saudization but there is a need to understand the factors that will help to retain this workforce. INTRODUCTION: No organizational commitment tools exist in Arabic that are specifically designed for health organizations...
March 22, 2018: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560140/pattern-of-childhood-brucellosis-in-najran-south-saudi-arabia-in-2013-2017
#6
Ghadi Mohammed Al Hashan, Nagah Mohamed Abo El-Fetoh, Iman Ali Nasser, Atheer Raja Alyami, Albatool Saleh Hassan Almagbool, Taghreed Ahmad Eidih Hatuwh, Fatimah Hamad Saleh Alyami, Maram Hamad Al Yami, Manar Hamad Alqahtani, Nouf Mubarak Ali Almardhamah, Tahani Mohammed Alanazi, Wafaa Mohamed Bakr Ali, Ahad Mesfer Halzaa, Ayah Abdullah Alshehri
Background: With more than 500,000 new cases annually, human brucellosis is the commonest zoonotic disease worldwide. In some endemic countries, its prevalence is more than 10 per 100,000 population. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the magnitude of the problem and the clinical features, laboratory findings, treatment given and complications seen in children with brucellosis in Najran City, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Methods: This is a case-series study by analysis of data of children known or diagnosed to have brucellosis for the last 4 years in Najran City...
December 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503590/direct-oral-anticoagulants-for-extended-thromboprophylaxis-in-medically-ill-patients-meta-analysis-and-risk-benefit-assessment
#7
Majed S Al Yami, Sawsan Kurdi, Ivo Abraham
Background: Standard-duration (7-10 days) thromboprophylaxis with low molecular weight heparin, low dose unfractionated heparin, or fondaparinux in hospitalized medically ill patients is associated with ~50% reduction in venous thromboembolism (VTE) risk. However, these patients remain at high risk for VTE post-discharge. The direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) apixaban, rivaroxaban and betrixaban have been evaluated for extended-duration (30-42 days) thromboprophylaxis in this population...
2018: Journal of Blood Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362638/risk-factors-for-early-preterm-birth-at-king-salman-armed-force-hospital-in-2010
#8
Badriah Ali Alansi, Hytham Bahaeldin Mukhtar, Maher Ahmad Alazizi, Amjad Ahmad Zuiran, Areej Mohammed Al-Atawi, Badriah Abdulrahman Al-Sabah, Shrooq Salem Al-Yami
AIM: To investigate risk factors for early preterm birth. METHODS AND MATERIAL: A retrospective comparative study was conducted at Tabuk, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia during the period from January to December 2010. Five hundred and ninety-five patient's files and delivery registry logbooks were reviewed, the following information was collected; demographic data, current and past obstetric histories. Then the early and late preterm births were compared for various risk factors...
December 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178936/diallyl-disulphide-inhibits-apolipoprotein-a-expression-in-hepg2-cells-through-the-mek1-erk1-2-elk-1-pathway
#9
Xiaofeng Ma, Yami Liu, Yanmei Tan, Kai Qu, Xinglan He, Hai Zhang, Zuo Wang
BACKGROUND: Lipoprotein(a) [LP(a)] is implicated as a common and independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. The therapeutic options currently available for reducing plasma LP(a) concentrations are limited. Diallyl disulphide (DADS), the main component of garlic, regulates lipid metabolism in hepatocytes and adipocytes through ERK1/2 signalling. This study aimed to assess the effect of DADS on apolipoprotein(a) [apo(a)] in HepG2 cells. We also determined the effects of DADS on apo(a) expression and secretion in HepG2 cells as well as the underlying mechanisms...
November 25, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158710/the-impact-of-pharmacists-providing-direct-patient-care-as-members-of-interprofessional-teams-on-diabetes-management
#10
Osamah M Alfayez, Majed S Al Yami, Maryam T Fazel
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of pharmacist providing direct patient care as a member of interprofessional team on diabetes management. This study is a retrospective chart review of diabetes patients seen by a pharmacist in an endocrinology clinic affiliated with an academic medical center. The following patient outcomes were recorded pre and post the pharmacist intervention: glycemic control as measured by change in hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), change in systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), statin use, and use of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs)...
November 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125326/young-schema-questionnaire%C3%A2-%C3%A2-short-form-version-3-ysq-s3-preliminary-validation-in-older-adults
#11
Katelyn Phillips, Robert Brockman, Phoebe E Bailey, Ian I Kneebone
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current study was to establish the reliability and validity of one of the most used schema questionnaires, Young Schema Questionnaire Short Form Version 3 (YSQ-S3) in older adults. METHOD: 104 participants aged 60-84 years were recruited. They were administered a battery of questionnaires, including the YSQ-S3, Young-Atkinson Mode Inventory (YAMI), Germans (Personality) Screener, the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), The Geriatric Anxiety Inventory (GAI) and the Basic Psychological Needs Scale (BPNS)...
November 10, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043538/venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-in-medically-ill-patients-a-mixed-treatment-comparison-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Majed S Al Yami, Matthew A Silva, Jennifer L Donovan, Abir O Kanaan
The American College of Chest Physicians guidelines recommend unfractionated heparin (UFH), low molecular weight heparins (LMWHs) or fondaparinux for prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE), including deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE), in medically-ill patients. Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) have been evaluated relative to enoxaparin for VTE prophylaxis though head-to-head comparisons of these agents are lacking. Therefore, we conducted a mixed treatment comparisons meta-analysis to evaluate the safety and efficacy of established treatments and DOACs for VTE prophylaxis in medically-ill patients...
January 2018: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550979/status-of-blood-transfusion-in-world-health-organization-eastern-mediterranean-region-who-emr-successes-and-challenges
#13
REVIEW
Arezoo Darbandi, Pargol Mashati, Amir Yami, Arshia Gharehbaghian, Mehdi Tabrizi Namini, Ahmad Gharehbaghian
BACKGROUND: Blood products are used for patient treatment and survival in the cases of major surgery, hematological disorders or cancer therapy. Presently the main blood components are not yet replaceable by artificial products and all activities related to blood transfusion is highly dependent on the healthcare development of each country. The World Health Organization Eastern Mediterranean Region (WHO-EMR) comprises of 21 member states with variable socio-economic status effective on blood transfusion activities...
June 2017: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343141/survival-outcomes-in-iron-chelated-and-non-chelated-patients-with-lower-risk-myelodysplastic-syndromes-review-and-pooled-analysis-of-observational-studies
#14
EDITORIAL
Ivo Abraham, Majed Al Yami, Seongseok Yun, Hee-Ju Kim, Nicole D Vincelette, Ali McBride, Karen MacDonald
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 18, 2017: Leukemia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209320/comparison-of-the-incidence-of-acute-kidney-injury-during-treatment-with-vancomycin-in-combination-with-piperacillin-tazobactam-or-with-meropenem
#15
Majed S Al Yami
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the observed incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) in adult patients receiving either piperacillin-tazobactam (PT) and vancomycin or meropenem and vancomycin for at least 48h. In this retrospective cohort study, we included adult patients with no known renal dysfunction who received either the combination of PT-vancomycin or meropenem-vancomycin for at least 48h. The study's primary outcome was the incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI), defined by the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) in patients with baseline normal renal function as an increase in serum creatinine (Scr) by ≥0...
November 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197755/direct-oral-anticoagulants-for-extended-duration-thromboprophylaxis-in-hospitalized-medically-ill-patients-are-we-there-yet
#16
REVIEW
Majed S Al Yami, Osamah M Alfayez, Sawsan M Kurdi, Razan Alsheikh
Despite a recommended 7-10 days of thromboprophylaxis, medically ill patients remain at increased risk of developing venous thromboembolism (VTE) after hospital discharge. Here, we present a contemporary review on the efficacy and safety of extended-duration thromboprophylaxis with direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) in hospitalized medically ill patients. A search of publication and trial databases of controlled trials conducted from 2010 to 2016 using the key terms apixaban, rivaroxaban, and betrixaban showed three phase III trials that met our search criteria...
July 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975190/investigation-of-marek-s-disease-virus-from-chickens-in-central-ethiopia
#17
Berhan Demeke, Shiferaw Jenberie, Biruk Tesfaye, Gelagay Ayelet, Martha Yami, Charles Euloge Lamien, Esayas Gelaye
Marek's disease (MD) is a lymphoproliferative and neuropathic disease of domestic chickens and less commonly, turkeys and quails, caused by a highly contagious, cell-associated, oncogenic herpesvirus. In Ethiopia, MD is believed to be introduced with importation of exotic and crossbred to improve the poultry production and has been reported to be a potential threat to the poultry sector both in backyard and commercial farming systems. This study was aimed at isolation and molecular analysis of MD virus isolates circulating in chicken population in the central part of Ethiopia where commercial farms are populated...
February 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960065/toward-a-better-compression-for-dna-sequences-using-huffman-encoding
#18
Anas Al-Okaily, Badar Almarri, Sultan Al Yami, Chun-Hsi Huang
Due to the significant amount of DNA data that are being generated by next-generation sequencing machines for genomes of lengths ranging from megabases to gigabases, there is an increasing need to compress such data to a less space and a faster transmission. Different implementations of Huffman encoding incorporating the characteristics of DNA sequences prove to better compress DNA data. These implementations center on the concepts of selecting frequent repeats so as to force a skewed Huffman tree, as well as the construction of multiple Huffman trees when encoding...
April 2017: Journal of Computational Biology: a Journal of Computational Molecular Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931235/erratum-to-serological-response-and-protection-level-evaluation-in-chickens-exposed-to-grains-coated-with-i2-newcastle-disease-virus-for-effective-oral-vaccination-of-village-chickens
#19
Reta D Abdi, Kassaw Amssalu Tadesse, Olana Merera, Yilkal Asfaw, Eseyas Gelaye, Marta Yami, Teshale Sori
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2016: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27544702/genetic-characterization-of-poxviruses-in-camelus-dromedarius-in-ethiopia-2011-2014
#20
Esayas Gelaye, Jenna Elizabeth Achenbach, Gelagay Ayelet, Shiferaw Jenberie, Martha Yami, Reingard Grabherr, Angelika Loitsch, Adama Diallo, Charles Euloge Lamien
Camelpox and camel contagious ecthyma are infectious viral diseases of camelids caused by camelpox virus (CMLV) and camel contagious ecthyma virus (CCEV), respectively. Even though, in Ethiopia, pox disease has been creating significant economic losses in camel production, little is known on the responsible pathogens and their genetic diversity. Thus, the present study aimed at isolation, identification and genetic characterization of the causative viruses. Accordingly, clinical case observations, infectious virus isolation, and molecular and phylogenetic analysis of poxviruses infecting camels in three regions and six districts in the country, Afar (Chifra), Oromia (Arero, Miyu and Yabello) and Somali (Gursum and Jijiga) between 2011 and 2014 were undertaken...
October 2016: Antiviral Research
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