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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525397/an-unusual-case-of-sudden-death-is-there-a-relationship-between-thyroid-disorders-and-fatal-pulmonary-thromboembolism-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#1
Isabella Aquila, Silvia Boca, Fiorella Caputo, Matteo A Sacco, Santo Gratteri, Vittorio Fineschi, Pietrantonio Ricci
In adults, the most common cause of sudden death is coronary heart disease or defects in the cardiac conduction system; however, there are many cases of sudden death occurring from other causes such as fatal pulmonary thromboembolism. Several risk factors are recognized, including hospitalization, surgery, obesity, pregnancy, the use of oral contraceptives, traumatic fractures, and genetic conditions, which cause hypercoagulable states such as factor V Leiden mutations. Although many risk factors have been identified, the mortality rate is still high...
May 19, 2017: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465788/type-2-diabetes-and-quality-of-life
#2
REVIEW
Aikaterini Trikkalinou, Athanasia K Papazafiropoulou, Andreas Melidonis
It is true that a primary goal of diabetes early diagnosis and treatment is quality of life (QoL). The term QoL is still confusing but it is agreed that it composes of four components: The physical component, mental, cogitative component, psychological and social component. Many articles have been written addressing those four components. During the last five years 15500 articles and reviews have been written addressing diabetes and coronary arterial disease, 16100 addressing diabetes and renal function, 28900 addressing diabetes and retinopathy, 16800 addressing diabetic foot ulcers and other 26300 addressing diabetic neuropathy...
April 15, 2017: World Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414664/gonococcal-endocarditis-the-gift-that-stops-giving-an-uncommon-presentation-of-a-common-disease
#3
G Olayemi, M Oferczak, A Elagizi, I El-Abbassi, M Eschete, J Crowe
INTRODUCTION: Gonorrhea is the 2nd most common sexually transmitted disease in the US with 800,000 cases of gonorrhea each year. Disseminated gonorrhea infection occurs in 0.5 percent - 3 percent of these patients and is more frequent in woman younger than 40 years of age. CASE: A 36 year old woman with a history of polysubstance abuse presented with 10 day history of feeling generally unwell. At presentation, vitals were remarkable for tachycardia and hypotension...
March 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302931/the-comparison-of-the-effects-of-nebivolol-and-metoprolol-on-erectile-dysfunction-in-the-cases-with-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery
#4
Özcan Gür, Selami Gurkan, Gunduz Yumun, Polat Turker
PURPOSE: Beta-blocker use is common in the cases with coronary artery bypass surgery. According to the literature, beta-blockers have positive effects but may cause erectile dysfunction (ED). The most commonly used beta-blockers in ischemic cardiac disease are nebivolol and metoprolol. In our clinic, we aimed to compare the effects of nebivolol and metoprolol succinate on ED in the sexually active cases with coronary artery bypass surgery. METHODS: In our clinic, a total of 119 patients with coronary artery bypass surgery were included in the study...
April 20, 2017: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275418/sex-differences-of-the-natriuretic-peptide-polymorphism-associated-with-angiographic-coronary-atherosclerosis
#5
Terry Y Li, M Yat Tse, Stephen C Pang, Catherine S McLellan, Will D King, Amer M Johri
BACKGROUND: Polymorphisms within natriuretic peptide (NP) genes have been associated with clinical outcomes for cardiovascular disease (CVD), but no previous study has compared the effect of these polymorphisms between men and women. This study aimed to investigate the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in key genes of the NP system and coronary angiographic outcomes, with the focus on the sexual dimorphism in the effects of these SNPs. METHODS: Patients undergoing clinically indicated coronary angiography (n = 513, 328 men and 185 women) were consented and genotyped for NPPA rs5065, NPPB rs198389 and NPR2 rs10758325...
February 2017: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261282/sexual-health-of-male-cardiac-patients-present-status-and-expectations-of-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease
#6
Dariusz Kałka, Łukasz Karpiński, Jana Gebala, Lesław Rusiecki, Anna Biełous-Wilk, Ewa S Krauz, Magdalena Piłot, Krzysztof Womperski, Małgorzata Rusiecka, Witold Pilecki
INTRODUCTION: Due to the pathogenetic association between erectile disorders and cardiovascular diseases, cardiologists consult many patients with erectile dysfunction (ED). The aim of the study was to evaluate sexual function in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) and the use of sexual knowledge in cardiology practice, both current use and that expected by patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One thousand one hundred and thirty-six patients (average age: 60.73 ±9...
March 1, 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150293/erectile-dysfunction-as-a-predictor-of-2-year-prognosis-in-acute-myocardial-infarction
#7
Svetlana Apostolovic, Dragana Stanojevic, Ruzica Jankovic-Tomasevic, Sonja Salinger-Martinovic, Tomislav Kostic, Zoran Perisic
BACKGROUND: Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a predictor or marker of coronary artery disease in patients at high risk of cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of ED in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and after 2 years of follow-up, and to determine the association between ED and the concentrations of the markers of inflammation, endothelial dysfunction and oxidative stress which were measured on the third day after hospital admission...
February 2, 2017: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132040/erectile-dysfunction-as-a-predictor-of-cardiovascular-disease
#8
Sh Janjgava, T Doliashvili
Endothelial dysfunction precedes the clinical stage of atherosclerotic disease and is recognized as an additional risk factor when detecting symptomatic patients. Endothelial function is largely mediated by nitric oxide, and this vasodilatory mechanism is also responsible for the venous and arterial dilatation required to obtain and maintain an erection. The physiological effects and clinical aspects of sexual function have been extensively studied and reported in patients who have angina or who have experienced a myocardial infarction and in those who have undergone coronary artery bypass graft surgery or heart transplant...
December 2016: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012156/sexual-dimorphism-in-obesity-related-genes-in-the-epicardial-fat-during-aging
#9
Caitlin Kocher, Matthew Christiansen, Sarah Martin, Christopher Adams, Paulette Wehner, Todd Gress, Nalini Santanam
Aging increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and metabolic syndrome. Alterations in epicardial fat play an important pathophysiological role in coronary artery disease and hypertension. We investigated the impact of normal aging on obesity-related genes in epicardial fat. Sex-specific changes in obesity-related genes with aging in epicardial fat (EF) were determined in young (6 months) and old (30/36 months) female and male, Fischer 344 × Brown Norway hybrid (FBN) rats, using a rat obesity RT(2) PCR Array...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973924/sexual-dysfunction-in-female-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-cross-sectional-single-centre-study-among-turkish-patients
#10
Ercan Tuncel, Onur Durgun, Hande Peynirci, Canan Ersoy
The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of female sexual function and related factors in Turkish women with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). A total of 93 female patients diagnosed with T2DM (age 48.0 ± 7.2 years (Mean ± SD) were included. Data on age, diabetes age, HbA1c level, educational level, diabetes treatment, diabetes-related complications, co-morbid disorders and concomitant medications were recorded, as were the scores obtained using a Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) questionnaire...
December 14, 2016: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914613/association-between-cardiometabolic-index-and-erectile-dysfunction-a-new-index-for-predicting-cardiovascular-disease
#11
Murat Dursun, Huseyin Besiroglu, Alper Otunctemur, Emin Ozbek
Over the past decade, it has been suggested that erectile dysfunction (ED) is an early indicator of cardiovascular disease. In a recent study, a new index, termed as cardiometabolic index (CMI), was defined and measured as the product of triglyceride (TG)/high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) ratio and waist-to-height ratio, which are good predictors of coronary artery disease and main components of metabolic syndrome (MetS). All components of the CMI are also included in MetS criteria. Thus, we decided to evaluate the correlation between CMI, including the criteria of MetS, and ED...
December 2016: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857900/sudden-death-of-a-middle-aged-man-with-an-artificial-vagina-in-situ
#12
Muditha Vidanapathirana, Rohan P Ruwanpura, Sriyantha Rrg Amararatne
Artificial vaginas are designed to imitate the female sex organ. This is the first reported case in the forensic literature of a man being pronounced dead with an artificial vagina in situ. A middle-aged man was found unconscious in a bathroom when the door was forced open and was pronounced dead on admission. Autopsy revealed that the penis was inside an artificial vagina. There were no injuries, but there were left ventricular hypertrophy, myocardial fibrosis, and narrow coronaries. The cause of death was ascertained as ischemic heart disease due to coronary atherosclerosis and the comments included were no evidence of violence, and ischemic heart disease could have been precipitated due to abnormal sexual activity...
October 2016: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853168/depressive-symptoms-and-prevalence-of-erectile-dysfunction-in-japanese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-the-dogo-study
#13
S Furukawa, T Sakai, T Niiya, H Miyaoka, T Miyake, S Yamamoto, K Maruyama, T Ueda, H Senba, M Torisu, H Minami, M Onji, T Tanigawa, B Matsuura, Y Hiasa, Y Miyake
In several studies of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, a positive association between depressive symptoms and erectile dysfunction (ED) has been reported. No evidence exists, however, regarding the association between depressive symptoms and ED among Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Thus, we examined this issue among Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Study subjects were 469 male Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, aged 19 years or over. ED, moderate to severe ED and severe ED were defined as present when a subject had a Sexual Health Inventory for Men score <22, <12 and <8, respectively...
March 2017: International Journal of Impotence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836682/self-reported-sitting-time-and-prevalence-of-erectile-dysfunction-in-japanese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-the-dogo-study
#14
Shinya Furukawa, Takenori Sakai, Tetsuji Niiya, Hiroaki Miyaoka, Teruki Miyake, Shin Yamamoto, Sayaka Kanzaki, Koutatsu Maruyama, Keiko Tanaka, Teruhisa Ueda, Hidenori Senba, Masamoto Torisu, Hisaka Minami, Takeshi Tanigawa, Bunzo Matsuura, Yoichi Hiasa, Yoshihiro Miyake
AIMS: No evidence exists regarding the association between sitting time and erectile dysfunction (ED) among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between self-reported sitting time and ED among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: Study subjects were 430 male Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (mean age, 60.5years). A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect information on the variables under study...
January 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832474/social-support-and-hiv-risks-among-migrant-and-non-migrant-market-workers-in-almaty-kazakhstan
#15
Gaukhar Mergenova, Stacey A Shaw, Assel Terlikbayeva, Louisa Gilbert, Lenore Gensburg, Sholpan Primbetova, Nabila El-Bassel
Migration processes are listed within the primary factors facilitating the heterosexual spread of HIV. The study examines the relationship between social support, sexual HIV risk behaviors and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among 1342 male migrant and non-migrant market workers from Barakholka Market in Almaty, Kazakhstan. RESULTS: (1) higher level of perceived social support [Enhancing Recovery in Coronary Heart Disease (ENRICHD) Social Support Instrument (ESSI score)] was associated with a lower likelihood of having sex with a female sex worker (FSW) [OR = 0...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817849/-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-women
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
M Ghannem, L Ghannem, S Lamouchi, K D Justin, P Meimoun, L Ghannem
Coronary artery disease (CAD) occurs later in life in women when compared to men (10 years later). The FAST-MI study has shown that the profile of women with CAD has changed in the past 15 years, they are younger, more obese, and usually smokers. Whatever the age at which CAD occurs in women, the prognosis tends to be worse than in men, despite a higher frequency of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) with angiographically normal coronary arteries in women. In women without significant lesion at coronary angiography, the WISE study has shown abnormalities of the coronary vasomotricy...
December 2016: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814783/-coronary-disease-in-women-the-role-of-sexual-hormones
#17
REVIEW
E Vautrin, S Marlière, H Bouvaist, R Guerbaai, G Barone-Rochette
During their lives, women go through three different phases during which sex hormones play a fundamental role in contributing to specific cardiovascular and coronary risks. To evaluate this risk, we must take into account these various phases with their associated cardiovascular risk factors, and this during three key steps: contraception, pregnancy and menopause. Arterial risk linked to estrogen combined with progestin contraception, depends on the dosage of estrogen. The main cardiovascular risk factor responsible for increasing the risk of myocardial infarction is tobacco, especially after 35 years of age, contraindicating estrogen combined with progestin contraception at the benefit of progestin...
December 2016: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804874/a-focused-review-of-gender-differences-in-antithrombotic-therapy
#18
Andrea Salzano, Pablo Demelo-Rodriguez, Alberto Maria Marra, Marco Proietti
BACKGROUND: The biological differences among male and female, based on distinctive expression of sex chromosomes, on varied gene-expression and on peculiar sexual hormones, lead to important differences in physiology and pathophysiology. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to briefly review the relationships among gender-related differences and clinical implications in antithrombotic therapy, that could be related to sex-differences in platelet biology and coagulation reactions...
October 29, 2016: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788774/alcohol-consumption-and-prevalence-of-erectile-dysfunction-in-japanese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-baseline-data-from-the-dogo-study
#19
Shinya Furukawa, Takenori Sakai, Tetsuji Niiya, Hiroaki Miyaoka, Teruki Miyake, Shin Yamamoto, Koutatsu Maruyama, Teruhisa Ueda, Keiko Tanaka, Hidenori Senba, Yasuhiko Todo, Masamoto Torisu, Hisaka Minami, Morikazu Onji, Takeshi Tanigawa, Bunzo Matsuura, Yoichi Hiasa, Yoshihiro Miyake
Diabetes mellitus and heavy alcohol consumption are both associated with vascular disease, a category that includes erectile dysfunction (ED). However, the association between alcohol consumption and ED among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus remains unclear. The aim of the present multicenter cross-sectional study was to investigate the relationship between drinking frequency, weekly alcohol consumption, daily alcohol consumption, and ED among Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Study subjects were 340 male Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, aged 19-70 years, who had undergone blood tests at our institutions...
September 2016: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733045/abuse-nocturnal-stress-hormones-and-coronary-heart-disease-risk-among-women-with-hiv
#20
Sannisha K Dale, Kathleen M Weber, Mardge H Cohen, Leslie R Brody
This study investigated the relationships among abuse, nocturnal levels of cortisol and norepinephrine (NE), and coronary heart disease (CHD) risk as measured by the Framingham risk score among women with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Participants (n = 53) from the Chicago Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS), a longitudinal prospective cohort study initiated in 1994, were enrolled in this study during 2012. At WIHS baseline and annual follow-up visits, women were asked about recent experiences of abuse...
May 2017: AIDS Care
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