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coronary disease sexual

Sannisha K Dale, Kathleen M Weber, Mardge H Cohen, Leslie R Brody
This study investigated the relationships among abuse, nocturnal levels of cortisol and norepinephrine (NE), and coronary heart disease (CHD) risk as measured by the Framingham risk score among women with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Participants (n = 53) from the Chicago Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS), a longitudinal prospective cohort study initiated in 1994, were enrolled in this study during 2012. At WIHS baseline and annual follow-up visits, women were asked about recent experiences of abuse...
October 13, 2016: AIDS Care
Giuseppe Sangiorgi, Riccardo Colantonio, Gabriele Antonini, Antonio Savino, Massimiliano Sperandio
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is defined as the inability to get and maintain a sufficient erection to ensure an acceptable sexual activity for the subject and the partner. Although ED does not represent per se a serious disease, it carries a notable and severe influence on quality of life, with significant implications on familiar and social relationship; DE may cause depression, shame, impairment of personal esteem and relational problems. Among many possible etiologies of ED, atherosclerotic disease of penile arteries represents one of the most frequent causes, so it should always be looked for in patients with multiple risk factors for cardiovascular disease or an established coronary or peripheral artery disease...
October 2016: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
Maryam Kavousi, Lawrence F Bielak, Patricia A Peyser
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review provides a brief synopsis of sexual dimorphism in atherosclerosis with an emphasis on genetic studies aimed to better understand the atherosclerotic process and clinical outcomes in women. Such studies are warranted because development of atherosclerosis, impact of several traditional risk factors, and burden of coronary heart disease (CHD) differ between women and men. RECENT FINDINGS: While most candidate gene studies pool women and men and adjust for sex, some sex-specific studies provide evidence of association between candidate genes and prevalent and incident CHD in women...
November 2016: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
Catherine A Matthews
Gynecologists performing hysterectomy for benign disease must universally counsel women about ovarian management. The beneficial effect of elective bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (BSO) on incident ovarian and breast cancer and elimination of need for subsequent adnexal surgery must be weighed against the risks of ovarian hormone withdrawal. Ovarian conservation rates have increased significantly over the past 15 years. In postmenopausal women, however, BSO can reduce ovarian and breast cancer rates without an adverse impact on coronary heart disease, sexual dysfunction, hip fractures, or cognitive function...
September 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America
Claudia Trudel-Fitzgerald, Ying Chen, Ankura Singh, Olivia I Okereke, Laura D Kubzansky
OBJECTIVES: To review the contribution of the Nurses' Health Studies (NHS) on factors that influence mental and physical health. METHODS: Narrative review of all published articles using data from the NHS, the NHS II, and the Growing Up Today Study focusing on mental health conditions (e.g., depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, anxiety) and psychosocial resources and stressors (e.g., job strain, interpersonal violence, social relationships, sexual orientation) between 1990 and 2016...
September 2016: American Journal of Public Health
Youn-Jung Son, Miyoun Jang, Eun-Young Jun
The current study aimed to identify the prevalence and associated factors of erectile dysfunction (ED) among 161 Korean adults 60 and older with coronary artery disease (CAD). ED was diagnosed in 72.2% of patients-the prevalence of which was significantly associated with age, education, employment, monthly income, frequency of sexual intercourse, body mass index, and low-density lipoprotein. Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) was lower in patients with ED than in those without ED (p < 0.001). Hierarchical multiple regression analysis revealed that ED significantly influenced HRQoL in patients with CAD after adjusting for sociodemographic and disease-related characteristic variables (p < 0...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
Amr Abdelhamed, Shin-Ichi Hisasue, Essam A Nada, Ali M Kassem, Mohammed Abdel-Kareem, Shigeo Horie
INTRODUCTION: Erectile dysfunction (ED) can precede coronary artery disease. In addition, silent myocardial ischemia (SMI) is more common in diabetic patients and is a strong predictor of cardiac events and death. AIM: To evaluate the presence of SMI in patients with diabetes and ED using multidetector computed tomographic coronary angiography (MDCT-CA). METHODS: This study evaluated patients with diabetes and ED without any history of cardiac symptoms or signs...
September 2016: Sexual Medicine
Ahmet Urkmez, Ozgur Haki Yuksel, Fatih Uruc, Serkan Akan, Caglar Yildirim, Aytac Sahin, Ayhan Verit
OBJECTIVE: Prostatitis affects 10-14% of men of all ages and ethnicities. More than 50% of the men experience episodes of prostatitis at one time of their lives. Patients with CP typically have longlasting genitourinary/pelvic pain and obstructive and/or irritative voiding symptoms. Sexual dysfunction and psychological symptoms are frequently added to these symptoms. We also investigated the relationship between sexual functions, and lower urinary system symptoms, and asymptomatic histological prostatitis detected on transrectal ultrasound-guided (TRUS) biopsy performed with the indication of high PSA levels...
May 2016: Archivos Españoles de Urología
Geoff Hackett, Michael Krychman, David Baldwin, Nelson Bennett, Ahmed El-Zawahry, Alessandra Graziottin, Monika Lukasiewicz, Kevin McVary, Yoshikazu Sato, Luca Incrocci
Erectile dysfunction (ED) has been well recognized as a marker of increased cardiovascular risk for more than 15 years, especially in younger men. Early detection of ED represents an opportunity to intervene to decrease the risk of future cardiovascular events and limit the progression of ED severity. Evidence suggests there is a window of opportunity of 3 to 5 years from the onset of ED to subsequent cardiovascular events. This opportunity is usually missed if the onus is placed on the patient to seek care for his sexual problems...
June 2016: Journal of Sexual Medicine
Brian J Linder, John B Gebhart, John A Occhino
INTRODUCTION: We present a video describing the technical considerations for performing a total colpocleisis in the management of symptomatic post-hysterectomy pelvic organ prolapse. METHODS: A 76-year old female presented with pelvic pressure and the presence of a palpable vaginal bulge. She had significant bother and had previously failed use of a pessary. She wasnot sexually active, with no plans for future sexual activity. Her medical history was significant for coronary artery disease with prior myocardial infarction...
May 14, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
Paolo Emilio Puddu, Joachim Alexandre
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 15, 2016: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
Susan E Trompeter, Ricki Bettencourt, Elizabeth Barrett-Connor
BACKGROUND: Limited literature suggests sexual dysfunction in women covaries with the metabolic syndrome. This study examined the association of sexual function with metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease in healthy older women. METHODS: 376 postmenopausal, community-dwelling women from the Rancho Bernardo Study (mean baseline age = 73) completed a clinic visit during 1999 - 2002 and returned the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) questionnaire mailed in 2002...
April 28, 2016: American Journal of Medicine
Andrew Steptoe, Sarah E Jackson, Jane Wardle
OBJECTIVE: Sexual activity is a central component of intimate relationships, but sexual function may be impaired by coronary heart disease (CHD). There have been few representative population-based comparisons of sexual behaviour and concerns in people with and without CHD. We therefore investigated these issues in a large nationally representative sample of older people. METHODS: We analysed cross-sectional data from 2979 men and 3711 women aged 50 and older from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing...
July 15, 2016: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
Alborz Salavati, Abdolrasoul Mehrsai, Farzad Allameh, Farimah Alizadeh, Farshad Namdari, Mehdi Hosseinian, Elaheh Salimi, Fariba Heidari, Gholamreza Pourmand
Coronary artery disease (CAD) and vascular insufficiency are consequences of modern lifestyle, and vasogenic erectile dysfunction (ED) is one of the leading causes of sexual dysfunction which could be prevented like ischemic heart disease if the risk factors are discovered and managed. Seventy-five men scheduled for coronary angiography were asked to fill out the IIEF5 questionnaire and underwent serum lipoprotein-a, uric acid, lipid profile, testosterone, Sex Hormone Binding Globulin (SHBG), dehyderoepiandrostendion sulfate (DHEAS) tests; and the results were compared with those of erectile dysfunction patients with and without coronary artery disease...
March 2016: Acta Medica Iranica
Maria A Sobczak, Haval D Qawoq, Magdalena Krawczyk, Karina Wierzbowska-Drabik, Jarosław D Kasprzak
INTRODUCTION: Sexual activity constitutes a significant aspect of health considerably influencing self-assessment of the quality of life. In Poland, data regarding the return in patients with ischaemic heart disease (IHD) to sexual activity are scarce and inadequate. AIM: The aim of this work is to analyse the return to sexual activity in patients with IHD after a hospitalisation related to invasive diagnostics of coronary arteries as well as to identify predisposing factors associated with cessation of sexual activity...
2016: Psychiatria Polska
Julianne R Lauring, Erik B Lehman, Timothy A Deimling, Richard S Legro, Cynthia H Chuang
BACKGROUND: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's US Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use recommends that combined hormonal contraceptives (ie, birth control pills, contraceptive patch, vaginal ring) should be avoided in women with specific medical conditions because of the increased risk of cardiovascular events associated with estrogen use. Whether women with category 3 (theoretical or proven risk usually outweigh the advantages) or category 4 (unacceptable health risk) contraindications are appropriately avoiding estrogen-containing combined hormonal contraceptives is unknown...
September 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Süay Özmen, Seyhan Dülger, Soner Çoban, Ömer Afşın Özmen, Muhammed Güzelsoy, Özlem Şengören Dikiş, Önder Akdeniz
The studies evaluating the effect of smoking on olfaction reveals opposite results. In vitro and animal studies and epidemiological evidence from volunteers and patients, demonstrated the association between olfaction and erectile functions. In smoking man the reduction of olfactory acuity could adversely affect sexuality. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between erectile dysfunction (ED) and olfactory dysfunction (OD) by comparing a group of healthy adult men with a group of smoking adult men...
June 1, 2016: Physiology & Behavior
J N Gosai, P Charalampidis, T Nikolaidou, Y Parviz, P D Morris, K S Channer, T H Jones, E D Grech
There is a clear association between low serum testosterone and coronary artery disease (CAD) in men. Hypotestosteronaemia is associated with accelerated atherosclerosis and a quarter of men with CAD are biochemically hypogonadal. Amongst those with CAD, hypotestosteronaemia is associated with increased mortality. Testosterone vasodilates coronary arteries, and exogenous testosterone reduces ischaemia. Whether hypotestosteronaemia is a cause or a consequence of CAD remains unanswered. The aim of this prospective observational study was to investigate whether coronary revascularization affected androgen status in men with stable angina pectoris...
May 2016: Andrology
Molly Byrne, Sally Doherty, Bengt G A Fridlund, Jan Mårtensson, Elaine E Steinke, Tiny Jaarsma, Declan Devane
BACKGROUND: Sexual problems are common among people with cardiovascular disease. Although clinical guidelines recommend sexual counselling for patients and their partners, there is little evidence on its effectiveness. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of sexual counselling interventions (in comparison to usual care) on sexuality-related outcomes in patients with cardiovascular disease and their partners. SEARCH METHODS: We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and three other databases up to 2 March 2015 and two trials registers up to 3 February 2016...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Vinod Ashok Chaudhari, Dattatray G Ghodake, Rajesh D Kharat
Death due to a head-down position with hyperflexion of the neck is a rare event. A person accidentally falling into a narrow space and remaining in an upside-down position with no timely recovery may experience positional or postural asphyxia. It is a critical condition arising out of particular body positions, leading to mechanical obstruction of respiration. The precipitating factors are intoxication due to alcohol, drugs, obesity, psychiatric illnesses, and injuries. A 30-year-old unmarried woman, weighing 82 kg and with a body mass index of 31...
June 2016: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
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